The Division of Indi (pronounced /ˈɪndaɪ/) is an Australian Electoral Division in northeastern Victoria. The largest settlements in the division are the regional cities of Wodonga, Wangaratta, and Benalla. Other towns in the electorate include Rutherglen, Mansfield, Beechworth, Myrtleford, Bright, Alexandra, Tallangatta, Corryong and a number of other small villages (notably including the ski resort of Falls Creek). While Indi is one of the largest electorates in Victoria, much of it is located within the largely uninhabited Australian Alps. While Wodonga serves as a regional hub for much of the more heavily populated northern part of the electorate, the southern part is closer to Melbourne than Wodonga.
Australian House of Representatives Division
|Namesake||Murray River (Aboriginal name)|
|Area||28,567 km2 (11,029.8 sq mi)|
Indi has existed continuously since Federation. It was created in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. The most nationally prominent person to represent Indi to date was the first, Sir Isaac Isaacs, who rose to become Attorney-General of Australia, Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, and the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia. Another member for Indi, John "Black Jack" McEwen, was a long-serving Minister and was briefly Prime Minister of Australia after the death of Harold Holt in 1967, but he was member for Murray by then. Indi has been held by a member of a conservative party (either the Liberal Party and its predecessors or the National Party) or a conservative independent for all but four terms since Federation, and without interruption since 1931. Labor last won the seat in 1928 when the Country incumbent forgot to renominate, and retained it in 1929. Since 2004, the Liberal primary vote has been in decline, falling from 63% in 2004, to 54% in 2007, 53% in 2010, 44% in 2013 and 27% in 2016.
The current member for Indi since the 2013 election is independent Cathy McGowan. McGowan defeated Liberal Party incumbent Sophie Mirabella, the only incumbent Liberal MP to lose their seat at the 2013 election.
McGowan retained Indi against Mirabella at the 2016 election with an increased 54.8% (+4.6) two-candidate-preferred vote. The Liberal two-party-preferred vote was reduced to 54.4% (–4.7) against Labor's 45.6% (+4.7), a marginal two-party result not seen since the 1929 election.
|Protectionist||29 March 1901 –
12 October 1906
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bogong. Served as minister under Deakin. Resigned in order to become a Justice of the High Court|
|Anti-Socialist||12 December 1906 –
26 May 1909
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Shepparton and Euroa. Lost seat|
|Commonwealth Liberal||26 May 1909 –|
13 April 1910
|Labor||13 April 1910 –
31 May 1913
|Commonwealth Liberal||31 May 1913 –
5 September 1914
|Labor||5 September 1914 –
5 May 1917
|Lost seat. Later elected to the division of Hume in 1919|
|Nationalist||5 May 1917 –
13 December 1919
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Benambra. Lost seat. Later elected to the Senate in 1934|
|Victorian Farmers' Union/Country||13 December 1919 –
9 October 1928
|Did not contest in 1928 after mistakenly failing to lodge renomination papers in time|
|Labor||17 November 1928 –
19 December 1931
|Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1937|
|United Australia||19 December 1931 –
23 October 1937
|Transferred to the Division of Deakin|
|Country||23 October 1937 –
10 December 1949
|Previously held the Division of Echuca. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Transferred to the Division of Murray|
|Liberal||10 December 1949 –
22 November 1958
|Country/National Country||22 November 1958 –
10 December 1977
|Served as minister under Gorton and McMahon. Lost seat|
|Liberal||10 December 1977 –
8 February 1993
|Liberal||13 March 1993 –
8 October 2001
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Benambra. Retired|
|Liberal||10 November 2001 –
7 September 2013
|Independent||7 September 2013 –
|Rise Up Australia||Vincent Ferrando||1,150||1.28||+0.17|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Quilty||886||0.98||+0.98|
|Total formal votes||90,137||93.47||−1.44|
Federal elections were held in Australia on 17 November 1928. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist–Country coalition, led by Prime Minister Stanley Bruce, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by James Scullin.
The election was held in conjunction with a referendum on Commonwealth–State relations, which was carried.
Future Prime Ministers John Curtin and Ben Chifley both entered parliament at this election. Both then lost their seats in the 1931 election and did not re-enter parliament until 1934 and 1940 respectively.Benalla
is a small city located on the Broken River in the High Country north-eastern region of Victoria, Australia, about 212 kilometres (130 mi) north east of the state capital Melbourne. At the 2016 census the population was 9,298.It is the administrative centre for the Rural City of Benalla local government area.Cathy McGowan
Cathy McGowan may refer to:
Cathy McGowan (presenter), a British broadcaster and journalist known for presenting Ready Steady Go!.
Cathy McGowan (politician), a member of the Parliament of Australia representing the Division of Indi since 2013.
Kathy McGowan, an author associated with Evil Genius (book series)Cathy McGowan (politician)
Catherine McGowan AO (born 29 November 1953) is an Australian politician and independent MP for the rural Victorian seat of Indi since the 2013 federal election, defeating Liberal MP Sophie Mirabella.In 2004 she was made an Officer of the Order of Australia "for service to the community through raising awareness of and stimulating debate about issues affecting women in regional, rural and remote areas." McGowan was also a recipient of the Centenary Medal in 2001.
McGowan has a Masters in Applied Science in Agricultural and Rural Development from the University of Western Sydney.Division of Deakin
The Division of Deakin is an Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. It is named for Alfred Deakin, three times Prime Minister of Australia.Division of Echuca
The Division of Echuca was an
Australian Electoral Division in Victoria.
The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. It was abolished in 1937. It was named for the town of Echuca. It was located in the Murray Valley area, including the towns of Echuca, Kyabram, Rochester and Shepparton. After 1919 it was a safe seat for the Country Party.Division of Murray
The Division of Murray is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. It is located in the north of the state, adjoining the Murray River, which forms Victoria's border with New South Wales. It includes the towns of Shepparton, Echuca, Cobram, Yarrawonga, Boort and Bridgewater.Electoral results for the Division of Indi
This is a list of electoral results for the Division of Indi in Australian federal elections from the division's creation in 1901 until the present.Granya
Granya is a town in northeastern Victoria, Australia on the Murray arm of Lake Hume in the Towong Shire local government area, 378 kilometres (235 mi) northwest of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2006 census, Granya and the surrounding area had a population of 150.The town was established in the 1860s following a gold rush.Hansonville, Victoria
Hansonville is a locality in the Greta district of Victoria, Australia. It is part of the Rural City of Wangaratta. It had a school in 1880. The postcode is 3675.
Roads in the place include Moyhu-Hansonville Rd, Banksdale Rd and Glenrowan-Moyhu Road. In the south part is School Road and Banksdale Road. Factory Creek flows to the north through the area.People growing up in Hansonville include Tim Newth, co-director of the Tracks Dance Company; Captain Austin Mahony who won a military cross at Pozières; and John Legg (born 1892) a veterinary scientist prominent in the CSIRO.A polling place for the Division of Indi is located at Greta Complex, Greta Recreation Reserve, Greta West-Greta South Rd. In 2004 this booth returned an 82% vote for liberal and 12% for labor for the House of Representatives.Hume (region)
The Hume is an economic rural region located in the north-eastern part of Victoria, Australia. Comprising an area in excess of 40,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi) with a population that ranges from 263,000 (in 2011) to 300,000 (in 2012), the Hume region includes the local government areas of Alpine Shire, Rural City of Benalla, City of Wodonga, City of Greater Shepparton, Shire of Indigo, Shire of Mansfield, Shire of Strathbogie, Shire of Towong and the Rural City of Wangaratta, and also includes five unincorporated areas encompassing the alpine ski resorts in the region.
The Hume region is located along the two major interstate transport corridors – the Hume corridor and the Goulburn Valley corridor. The region comprises four distinct and inter-connected sub-regions or districts: Upper Hume, Central Hume, Goulburn Valley, and Lower Hume. The regional cities and centres of Wodonga, Shepparton and Wangaratta (supported by Benalla) function as a network of regional hubs that service their own distinct sub-regions. The region is bounded by the Victorian Alps in the south and east, the New South Wales border defined by the Murray River in the north, the Loddon Mallee region in the west and the Greater Melbourne northern, western, and eastern metropolitan and Gippsland regions to the south.Indi
Indi may refer to:
Division of Indi, an electoral division in the Australian House of Representatives
Indi, Karnataka, a town in the state of Karnataka, India
Instrument Neutral Distributed Interface, a distributed control system with particular focus on astronomical instrumentationList of Australian electorates contested at every election
Of the 65 federal electoral divisions first contested at the 1901 election, 34 are still in existence without ever being abolished. These are referred to as Federation Divisions, with the Australian Electoral Commission's redistribution guidelines stating that "Every effort should be made to retain the names of original federation divisions".
The Division of Riverina was abolished in 1984 and re-created in 1993, so has not been contested at every election.
Although there were 75 members in the House of Representatives in 1901, there were only 65 divisions contested as the states of South Australia and Tasmania consisted of single multi-member divisions electing 7 and 5 members respectively.In the state parliaments:
In New South Wales, there is only one of the original 34 contested in 1856 that still exists.
In Victoria, three of the original 37 contested in 1856 still exist.
In Queensland there is only one of the original 16 contested in 1860.
In South Australia there is also only one of the original 17 contested in 1856.
In Western Australia, five of the original 30 contested in 1890 still exist.
In the Northern Territory, there are nine of the original 19 contested in 1974.
In both Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory none still exist.Margo Kingston
Margo Kingston (born 1959) is an Australian journalist, author, and commentator. She is best known for her work at The Sydney Morning Herald and her weblog, Webdiary. Since 2012, Kingston has been a citizen journalist, reporting and commenting on Australian politics via Twitter and her own Web site.Members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, 1927–1929
This is a list of members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1927 to 1929, as elected at the 1927 state election:
1 On 2 November 1927, the Independent member for Gippsland South, Henry Bodman, died. Nationalist candidate and former member Walter West won the resulting by-election on 3 December 1927.
2 On 16 March 1928, the Nationalist member for Brighton and Speaker of the Assembly, Oswald Snowball, died. Nationalist candidate Ian Macfarlan won the resulting by-election on 28 April 1928.
3 In October 1928, the Nationalist member for Castlemaine and Kyneton, former Premier Harry Lawson, resigned to contest a Senate seat at the 1928 federal election. Nationalist candidate Walter Langslow won the resulting by-election on 2 February 1929.
4 On 8 June 1929, the Nationalist member for Barwon, Edward Morley, died. Nationalist candidate Thomas Maltby won the resulting by-election on 6 July 1929.
5 In September 1929, the Country member for Gippsland West, Arthur Walter, resigned to contest Division of Indi in the 1929 federal election. Country candidate Matthew Bennett won the resulting by-election on 19 October 1929.Sophie Mirabella
Sophie Mirabella (née Panopoulos; born 27 October 1968) is an Australian lawyer and former politician who was a Liberal Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013, representing the Division of Indi, Victoria.
After spending a number of years on the backbench, Mirabella moved to the position of Shadow Parliamentary Secretary for Local Government after the Coalition lost government in 2007 and to the role of Spokeswoman on Early Childhood Education, Childcare, Women and Youth in 2008. In 2009, she was appointed as the Shadow Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research.
Mirabella narrowly lost her seat of Indi at the 2013 federal election to independent candidate Cathy McGowan. She also resigned from the Coalition frontbench shortly prior to conceding defeat. She subsequently attempted to regain the seat, standing again for the Liberal Party at the 2016 election, but was defeated by McGowan again on an increased margin.Wangaratta
Wangaratta () is a cathedral city in the northeast of Victoria, Australia, approximately 250 km (160 mi) from Melbourne along the Hume Highway. The city had an estimated urban population of 28,824 at April 2018. Wangaratta has recorded a population growth rate of almost 1% annually since 2016 to 2018 which is the second highest of all cities in North-Eastern Victoria.The city is located at the junction of the Ovens and King rivers, which drain the northwestern slopes of the Victorian Alps. Wangaratta is the administrative centre and the most populous city in the Rural City of Wangaratta local government area.William Bostock
Air Vice Marshal William Dowling Bostock, (5 February 1892 – 28 April 1968) was a senior commander in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). During World War II he led RAAF Command, the Air Force's main operational formation, with responsibility for the defence of Australia and air offensives against Japanese targets in the South West Pacific Area. His achievements in the role earned him the Distinguished Service Order and the American Medal of Freedom. General Douglas MacArthur described him as "one of the world's most successful airmen".
A veteran of World War I, Bostock first saw combat as a soldier in the Australian Imperial Force at Gallipoli, then as a pilot in the Royal Flying Corps on the Western Front, where he earned the Belgian Croix de guerre. He joined the newly formed RAAF in 1921 and by 1941 had risen to become its third most senior officer, serving as Director of Training from 1930 to 1931, commanding officer of No. 3 Squadron from 1931 to 1936, and Director of Operations and Intelligence from 1938 to 1939.
The Deputy Chief of the Air Staff at the outbreak of World War II, Bostock was considered a leading candidate for the position of Chief of the Air Staff in 1942 but was passed over in favour of Air Commodore George Jones, a friend of twenty years. Appointed Air Officer Commanding RAAF Command soon after, Bostock became involved in a bitter and long-running dispute with Jones over control of the Air Force in the South West Pacific. Following his retirement from the RAAF in 1946, he became a journalist and later a Federal Member of Parliament.Wodonga
is a city on the Victorian side of the border with New South Wales, 300 kilometres (190 mi) north-east of Melbourne, Australia. It is located wholly within the boundaries of the City of Wodonga LGA. Its population is 39,351 as of the 2016 Census and is separated from its twin city in New South Wales, Albury, by the Murray River. Together, the two cities form an urban area with an estimated population of 92,218.