Division of Corangamite

The Division of Corangamite is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for Lake Corangamite, although the lake no longer falls within the division's boundaries.

The division is located in the Western district of Victoria covering 7,624 square kilometres (2,944 sq mi). It is a mixed electorate, including the growing surf coast area, the southern suburbs of Geelong as well as rural areas to the west. Starting at Queenscliff in the east, the electorate runs down the surf coast to include Aireys Inlet, Anglesea, Apollo Bay, Barwon Heads, Belmont, Grovedale, Highton, Lorne, Ocean Grove, Wye River and Torquay. The electorate includes the rural centre of Colac, as well as all the suburbs of Geelong south of the Barwon River.[1]

The current Member for Corangamite, since the 2013 federal election, is Sarah Henderson, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia.

Corangamite
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of CORANGAMITE 2016
Division of Corangamite in Victoria, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
MPSarah Henderson
PartyLiberal
NamesakeLake Corangamite
Electors110,277 (2016)
Area7,625 km2 (2,944.0 sq mi)
DemographicProvincial

History

View from Red Rock Victoria
Lake Corangamite (in the background), the division's namesake

Until the 1930s it was usually a marginal seat which leaned toward the conservative parties, but was won by the Australian Labor Party during high-tide elections. In 1918, it was the first seat won by what would become the Country Party.

It was held by the Liberals (and their immediate predecessor, the United Australia Party) without interruption from 1934 to 2007. A reasonably safe seat for most of the time from the 1950s to the 1990s, it became increasingly less safe from 1998 onward as successive redistributions pushed it further into Geelong. This resulted in the seat falling to Labor by less than one percent at the 2007 federal election for the first time since 1929, and only the third time ever. It was retained by Labor on less than half a percent in 2010, but returned to the Liberals in 2013.

Prominent members include James Scullin, who later became the Prime Minister of Australia in 1929-32; Fraser Government Minister Tony Street, and longtime Liberal backbencher Stewart McArthur.[2]

In 2018, the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) published its report on the proposed redistribution of Victoria's federal divisions. The report proposed renaming Corangamite to Cox, after swimming instructor May Cox. Incumbent MP Sarah Henderson said the new name "has already prompted some ridicule on social media".[3] In the commission's final determination, the decision was made to retain the name of Corangamite.[4]

Members

Image Member Party Term Notes
  Chester Manifold Chester Manifold
(1852–1932)
Protectionist 29 March 1901
23 November 1903
Retired
  Gratton Wilson Gratton Wilson
(1863–1948)
Free Trade/Anti-Socialist 16 December 1903
26 May 1909
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Villiers and Heytesbury. Lost seat
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
13 April 1910
  JamesScullin1910 James Scullin
(1876–1953)
Labor 13 April 1910
31 May 1913
Lost seat. Later elected to the Division of Yarra in 1922
  Chester Manifold Chester Manifold
(1852–1932)
Commonwealth Liberal 31 May 1913
17 February 1917
Died in office
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
30 October 1918
  William Gerrand Gibson William Gibson
(1869–1955)
Victorian Farmers' Union/Country 14 December 1918
12 October 1929
Served as minister under Bruce. Lost seat
  RCrouch Richard Crouch
(1868–1949)
Labor 12 October 1929
19 December 1931
Previously held the Division of Corio. Lost seat
  William Gerrand Gibson William Gibson
(1869–1955)
Country 19 December 1931
7 August 1934
Transferred to the Senate
  Geoffrey Street Geoffrey Street
(1894–1940)
United Australia 15 September 1934
13 August 1940
Served as minister under Lyons, Page and Menzies. Died in office. Son is Tony Street
  Allan McDonald Allan McDonald
(1888–1953)
United Australia 21 September 1940
21 February 1945
Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Polwarth. Served as minister under Menzies and Fadden. Died in office
  Liberal 21 February 1945 –
10 June 1953
  DanMackinnon1964 Dan Mackinnon
(1903–1983)
Liberal 29 August 1953
31 October 1966
Previously held the Division of Wannon. Retired
  AnthonyAustinStreet Tony Street
(1926–)
Liberal 26 November 1966
18 January 1984
Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned in order to retire from politics. Father was Geoffrey Street
  No image Stewart McArthur
(1937–)
Liberal 18 February 1984
24 November 2007
Lost seat
  Darren Cheeseman Darren Cheeseman
(1976–)
Labor 24 November 2007
7 September 2013
Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of South Barwon in 2018
  Sarah Henderson 2016 Sarah Henderson
(1964–)
Liberal 7 September 2013
present
Incumbent

Election results

Australian federal election, 2016: Corangamite[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sarah Henderson 45,687 46.42 −1.83
Labor Libby Coker 30,267 30.75 −1.28
Greens Patchouli Paterson 11,273 11.45 −0.41
Justice Patrice Nelson 3,039 3.09 +3.09
Family First Alan Barron 1,906 1.94 +0.96
Animal Justice Andy Meddick 1,739 1.77 +1.77
Independent Michael Lawrence 1,519 1.54 +1.54
Drug Law Reform Courtney Dalton 1,269 1.29 +1.29
Liberal Democrats Louis Rowe 871 0.89 +0.89
Rise Up Australia Nick Steel 847 0.86 +0.57
Total formal votes 98,417 95.00 −0.57
Informal votes 5,181 5.00 +0.57
Turnout 103,598 93.94 −1.60
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Sarah Henderson 52,291 53.13 −0.81
Labor Libby Coker 46,126 46.87 +0.81
Liberal hold Swing −0.81

References

  1. ^ "Profile of the electoral division of Corangamite (Vic)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  2. ^ Green, Antony (11 October 2013). "Federal election 2013: Corangamite results". Australia Votes. Australia: ABC. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Proposal to change Corangamite's name and boundaries". Surf Coast Times. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Names and boundaries of federal electoral divisions in Victoria decided". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  5. ^ Corangamite, VIC, Virtual Tally Room 2016, Australian Electoral Commission.

External links

Coordinates: 38°14′35″S 143°49′16″E / 38.243°S 143.821°E

Barwon South West

The Barwon South West is an economic rural region located in the southwestern part of Victoria, Australia. The Barwon South West region stretches from the tip of the Queenscliff Heads to the border of South Australia. It is home to Victoria’s largest provincial centre, Geelong and the major centres of

Aireys Inlet, Apollo Bay, Camperdown, Colac, Hamilton, Lorne, Port Campbell, Port Fairy, Portland, Torquay and Warrnambool. It draws its name from the Barwon River and the geographic location of the region in the state of Victoria.

Comprising an area in excess of 40,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi) with approximately 360,000 residents as at the 2011 census, the Barwon South West region includes the Colac Otway, Corangamite, Glenelg, Greater Geelong, Moyne, Queenscliffe, Southern Grampians, Surf Coast and Warrnambool City local government areas and the Unincorporated area of Lady Julia Percy Island.

The Barwon South West region is located along the two major interstate transport corridors – the Princes Highway corridor and the Western Highway corridor. The region comprises two distinct and inter-connected sub-regions or districts: Greater Geelong and the Great South Coast. The region is bounded by Bass Strait and the Great Australian Bight in the south and southwest, the South Australian border in the west, the Grampians region in the north and the Greater Melbourne region in the east.

Corangamite

Corangamite may refer to:

Division of Corangamite

Lake Corangamite

Corangamite Shire

Corangamite Catchment Management Authority

Division of Corio

The Division of Corio is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division is one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. Named for Corio Bay, it has always been based on the city of Geelong, although in the past it stretched as far east as the outer western suburbs of Melbourne.

The division comprises an area of 989 square kilometres (382 sq mi) from the western shores of Port Phillip Bay, stretching to the north of Geelong and inland and covering most of the Bellarine Peninsula. Besides Geelong, it includes Avalon, Bell Park, Bell Post Hill, Breakwater, Corio, Curlewis, Drysdale, East Geelong, North Geelong, South Geelong, Geelong West, Hamlyn Heights, Herne Hill, Lara, Lovely Banks, Manifold Heights, Moolap, Newcomb, Norlane, North Shore, Portarlington, St Albans Park, St Leonards, Rippleside and Whittington; and parts of Anakie, Batesford, Clifton Springs, Fyansford, Leopold, Newtown, and Thomson.The current Member for Corio, since the 2007 federal election, is Richard Marles, a member of the Australian Labor Party.

Division of Wannon

The Division of Wannon is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. It is located in the south-west of the state, and encompasses most of the Western District of the state. It adjoins the South Australian border in the west, and the Bass Strait coast in the south. The division encompasses the towns of Warrnambool, Portland, Ararat, Hamilton and Halls Gap. The Grampians and the Port Campbell National Parks are in the division. Maryborough and Avoca became part of Wannon at the 2013 federal election due to a redistribution that took place on 24 December 2010.

Division of Yarra

The Division of Yarra was an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. It was located in inner eastern suburban Melbourne, and was named after the Yarra River, which originally formed the eastern border of the Division, and eventually ran through it. It originally covered the suburbs of Abbotsford, Collingwood, Richmond and part of Fitzroy. By the time it was abolished in 1969, it no longer covered Abbotsford or Fitzroy, but included Burnley and Hawthorn.

The Division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 75 divisions to be contested at the first Federal election. It was abolished at the redistribution of 21 November 1968. For its entire existence, it was a very safe Labor seat. It was held by only four MPs--Frank Tudor, a leader of the Australian Labor Party; James Scullin, the thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia; Stan Keon, an important figure in the Australian Labor Party split of 1955, and Jim Cairns, who would go on to become Deputy Prime Minister of Australia, though he was the member for Lalor by then.

Electoral results for the Division of Corangamite

This is a list of electoral results for the Division of Corangamite in Australian federal elections from the division's creation in 1901 until the present.

Geelong

Geelong () is a port city located on Corio Bay and the Barwon River, in the state of Victoria, Australia. Geelong is 75 kilometres (47 mi) south-west of the state capital, Melbourne. It is the second largest Victorian city, with an estimated urban population of 192,393 as of June 2016.Geelong runs from the plains of Lara in the north to the rolling hills of Waurn Ponds to the south, with Corio Bay to the east and hills to the west. Geelong is the administrative centre for the City of Greater Geelong municipality, which covers urban, rural and coastal areas surrounding the city, including the Bellarine Peninsula.

Geelong City is also known as the 'Gateway City' due to its central location to surrounding Victorian regional centres like Ballarat in the north west, Torquay, Great Ocean Road and Warrnambool in the southwest, Hamilton, Colac and Winchelsea to the west, and the state capital of Melbourne in the north east.

Geelong was named in 1827, with the name derived from the local Wathaurong Aboriginal name for the region, Djillong, thought to mean "land" or "cliffs" or "tongue of land or peninsula".The area was first surveyed in 1838, three weeks after Melbourne. The post office was open by June 1840 (the second to open in the Port Phillip District).

The first woolstore was erected in this period and it became the port for the wool industry of the Western District. During the gold rush, Geelong experienced a brief boom as the main port to the rich goldfields of the Ballarat district. The city then diversified into manufacturing, and during the 1860s, it became one of the largest manufacturing centres in Australia with its wool mills, ropeworks, and paper mills.It was proclaimed a city in 1910, with industrial growth from this time until the 1960s establishing the city as a manufacturing centre for the state, and the population grew to over 100,000 by the mid-1960s. During the city's early years, an inhabitant of Geelong was often known as a Geelongite, or a Pivotonian, derived from the city's nickname of "The Pivot", referencing the city's role as a shipping and rail hub for the area. Population increases over the last decade were due to growth in service industries, as the manufacturing sector has declined. Redevelopment of the inner city has occurred since the 1990s, as well as gentrification of inner suburbs, and currently has a population growth rate higher than the national average.It is home to the Geelong Football Club, the second oldest club in the Australian Football League.

Today, Geelong stands as an emerging health, education and advanced manufacturing hub. The city's economy is shifting quickly and despite experiencing the drawbacks of losing much of its heavy manufacturing, it is seeing much growth in other sectors, positioning itself as one of the leading non-capital Australian cities.

Geoffrey Street

Major Geoffrey Austin Street, (21 January 1894 – 13 August 1940) was an Australian politician who served as Minister of Defence at the outbreak of the Second World War and a member of the House of Representatives, representing the Division of Corangamite from 1934 until his death in the Canberra air disaster in 1940. He was recognised with a Military Cross for his courage while serving with the Australian Imperial Force during the Gallipoli Campaign in the First World War.

Grampians (region)

The Grampians is an economic rural region located in the western part of Victoria, Australia. The 48,646-square-kilometre (18,782 sq mi) region lies to the northwest of the western suburbs of Greater Melbourne, to the state's western border with South Australia and includes the Grampians National Park and significant gold mining heritage assets. The Grampians region has two sub-regions, Grampians Central Highlands and Wimmera Southern Mallee.As at the 2016 Australian census, the Grampians region had a population of 236,739, with almost half of the population located in the City of Ballarat. The principal centres of the region, in descending order of population, are Ballarat, Bacchus Marsh, Horsham, Ararat, and Stawell.

List of Australian electorates contested at every election

Of the 65 federal electoral divisions first contested at the 1901 election, 34 are still in existence without ever being abolished. These are referred to as Federation Divisions, with the Australian Electoral Commission's redistribution guidelines stating that "Every effort should be made to retain the names of original federation divisions".

The Division of Riverina was abolished in 1984 and re-created in 1993, so has not been contested at every election.

Although there were 75 members in the House of Representatives in 1901, there were only 65 divisions contested as the states of South Australia and Tasmania consisted of single multi-member divisions electing 7 and 5 members respectively.In the state parliaments:

In New South Wales, there is only one of the original 34 contested in 1856 that still exists.

In Victoria, three of the original 37 contested in 1856 still exist.

In Queensland there is only one of the original 16 contested in 1860.

In South Australia there is also only one of the original 17 contested in 1856.

In Western Australia, five of the original 30 contested in 1890 still exist.

In the Northern Territory, there are nine of the original 19 contested in 1974.

In both Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory none still exist.

Members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, 1940–1943

This is a list of members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1940 to 1943, as elected at the 1940 state election:

1 On 15 May 1940, the Labor member for Coburg, Frank Keane, died. Independent Labor candidate Charlie Mutton, who had been expelled from the Labor Party for running against the endorsed candidate, won the resulting by-election on 13 July 1940.

2 In August 1940, the United Australia member for Polwarth, Allan McDonald, resigned to contest Division of Corangamite in the 1940 federal election. Country candidate Edward Guye won the resulting by-election on 2 November 1940.

3 On 23 November 1940, the United Australia member for Toorak, Sir Stanley Argyle, died. United Australia candidate Henry Thonemann won the resulting by-election on 11 January 1941.

4 On 17 February 1942, the Labor member for Port Melbourne, James Murphy, died. Labor candidate Tom Corrigan won the resulting by-election on 18 April 1942.

5 On 5 May 1942, the Country member for Gippsland North, Alexander Borthwick, died. Country candidate Bill Fulton won the resulting by-election on 20 June 1942.

6 On 26 October 1942, the Labor member for Maryborough and Daylesford, George Frost, died. Labor candidate Clive Stoneham won the resulting by-election on 28 November 1942.

Mount Clear College

Mount Clear College, formerly known as Mount Clear Secondary College and Mount Clear Technical High School, is a public high school in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. It was established after two secondary colleges, Ballarat Boys' Technical School and Ballarat Girls' High School amalgamated in 1981. The college is located in Mount Clear, 7 km from Ballarat's central business district.

Stewart McArthur

Fergus Stewart McArthur, (born 27 October 1937), Australian politician, was a Liberal Party of Australia member of the Australian House of Representatives from February 1984, representing the Division of Corangamite, Victoria until his defeat in the 2007 election by Labor's Darren Cheeseman. He was born in Melbourne, Victoria, and was educated at The Geelong College and then at Cambridge University, where he gained a master's degree. He was a farmer and company director before entering politics. Stewart McArthur and his wife Bev McArthur have a daughter, Sarah, and twin sons, Andrew and James.

He was an advocate for federal funding towards a $26 million redevelopment of the Kardinia Park stadium, despite it being located outside his electorate.

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