The Division of Bendigo is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the city of Bendigo.
The division is situated on the northern foothills of the Great Dividing Range in North Central Victoria. It covers an area of approximately 6,255 square kilometres (2,415 sq mi) and provides the southern gateway to the Murray Darling Basin. In addition to the city of Bendigo, other large population centres in the division include Castlemaine, Heathcote, Kyneton and Woodend.
Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||6,255 km2 (2,415.1 sq mi)|
Bendigo has been a marginal seat, changing hands regularly between the Labor Party and the conservative parties; typically mirroring voting patterns in state elections. However, it has remained a Labor seat since the 1998 federal election. Bendigo has had 16 members, the highest number of any federal electorate, equal to Denison, Bass and Swan.
Its most notable members have been its first representative, Sir John Quick, who was a leading federalist, and Prime Minister Billy Hughes who, although from Sydney, represented Bendigo for two terms at a time when the federal Parliament met in Melbourne, and who moved to the seat after leaving the Labor Party over conscription, holding the seat as the leader of the Nationalist Party.
John Brumby, who held the seat from 1983 to 1990, later became Premier of Victoria. Brumby was defeated in Bendigo at the 1990 election by a former state Legislative Councillor, Bruce Reid, who retained the seat narrowly in 1993 and 1996, before retiring at the 1998 election, when a 4.3% swing delivered the seat to Labor's Steve Gibbons. Reid has a minor claim to fame through being the third candidate in the contest for Liberal leadership between John Hewson and John Howard after the party's 1993 election defeat. Reid attracted one vote, presumably his own.
|Sir John Quick
|Protectionist||29 March 1901 –
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Sandhurst. Served as minister under Deakin. Lost seat|
|Independent Protectionist||1906 –|
26 May 1909
|Commonwealth Liberal||26 May 1909 –|
23 April 1913
|Labor||31 May 1913 –
9 December 1914
|Served as minister under Fisher. Died in office|
|Labor||6 February 1915 –
5 May 1917
|Previously held the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bendigo East. Lost seat|
|Nationalist||5 May 1917 –
16 December 1922
|Previously held the Division of West Sydney. Served as Prime Minister from 1915 to 1923. Transferred to the Division of North Sydney|
|Nationalist||16 December 1922 –
12 October 1929
|Labor||12 October 1929 –
19 December 1931
|Lost seat. Later elected to the Senate in 1937|
|United Australia||19 December 1931 –
21 September 1937
|Did not contest in 1937. Failed to win pre-selection for the Division of Deakin|
|Country||23 October 1937 –
31 October 1949
|Transferred to the Senate|
|Labor||10 December 1949 –
17 May 1960
|Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Died in office|
|Labor||16 July 1960 –
9 April 1969
|Resigned in order to retire from politics|
|Labor||7 June 1969 –
2 December 1972
|Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Bendigo|
|Liberal||2 December 1972 –
5 March 1983
|Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Fraser. Lost seat|
|Labor||5 March 1983 –
24 March 1990
|Lost seat. Later elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1993|
|Liberal||24 March 1990 –
31 August 1998
|Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Retired|
|Labor||3 October 1998 –
5 August 2013
|Labor||7 September 2013 –
|Family First||Alan Howard||2,732||2.80||+1.68|
|Animal Justice||Ruth Parramore||2,146||2.20||+2.20|
|Rise Up Australia||Sandy Caddy||2,058||2.11||+1.57|
|Total formal votes||97,503||95.40||+1.11|
Castlemaine () is a small city in Victoria, Australia, in the goldfields region of Victoria about 120 kilometres northwest by road from Melbourne and about 40 kilometres from the major provincial centre of Bendigo. It is the administrative and economic centre of the Shire of Mount Alexander. The population at the 2016 Census was 6,757. Castlemaine was named by the chief goldfield commissioner, Captain W. Wright, in honour of his Irish uncle, Viscount Castlemaine.
Castlemaine began as a gold rush boomtown in 1851 and developed into a major regional centre, being officially proclaimed a City on 4 December 1965, although since declining in population.It is home to many cultural institutions including the Theatre Royal, the oldest continuously operating theatre in mainland Australia.Division of Grampians
The Division of Grampians was an
Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. It was abolished in 1922. It was named for the Grampian Ranges in central Victoria, and included the towns of Daylesford, Maryborough, St Arnaud and Stawell. It was a marginal seat.Division of Lalor
The Division of Lalor () is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. Located in the south-western suburbs of Melbourne, it includes the south-western hub of Werribee as well as the suburbs of Hoppers Crossing, Laverton, Point Cook, Tarneit, Truganina, Williams Landing and Wyndham Vale.
At 9.0%, Lalor has the nation's highest proportion of children aged under 4 years old. It has the nation's lowest proportion of residents aged 65 and over (7.0%), is sixth highest nationally for families being couples with dependent children (44.4%), and has the sixth highest rate of residents purchasing their own homes (49.3%).Eaglehawk, Victoria
Eaglehawk is a former gold-mining town in Victoria, Australia and a suburb within the City of Greater Bendigo.
The town is situated to the north-west of Bendigo on the Loddon Valley Highway. The highway is known locally as High Street until the intersection with Sailors Gully Road (Bendigo - Pyramid Road) and as Peg Leg Road to the west. Located on this intersection is Brassey Square which is the location of the town hall. Next to the town hall is the former post office and the Mechanics' Institute. To the north of the intersection on Napier Street is Canterbury Park and Lake Neangar while the Swan Hill railway line and the local railway station are located to the south.Electoral results for the Division of Bendigo
This is a list of electoral results for the Division of Bendigo in Australian federal elections from the division's creation in 1901 until the present.Hume (region)
The Hume is an economic rural region located in the north-eastern part of Victoria, Australia. Comprising an area in excess of 40,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi) with a population that ranges from 263,000 (in 2011) to 300,000 (in 2012), the Hume region includes the local government areas of Alpine Shire, Rural City of Benalla, City of Wodonga, City of Greater Shepparton, Shire of Indigo, Shire of Mansfield, Shire of Strathbogie, Shire of Towong and the Rural City of Wangaratta, and also includes five unincorporated areas encompassing the alpine ski resorts in the region.
The Hume region is located along the two major interstate transport corridors – the Hume corridor and the Goulburn Valley corridor. The region comprises four distinct and inter-connected sub-regions or districts: Upper Hume, Central Hume, Goulburn Valley, and Lower Hume. The regional cities and centres of Wodonga, Shepparton and Wangaratta (supported by Benalla) function as a network of regional hubs that service their own distinct sub-regions. The region is bounded by the Victorian Alps in the south and east, the New South Wales border defined by the Murray River in the north, the Loddon Mallee region in the west and the Greater Melbourne northern, western, and eastern metropolitan and Gippsland regions to the south.John Quick (politician)
Sir John Quick (22 April 1852 – 17 June 1932) was an English-born Australian politician and author, who was the federal Member of Parliament for Bendigo from 1901 to 1913 and a leading delegate to the Constitutional Conventions in the 1890s.Lisa Chesters
Lisa Marie Chesters (born 11 February 1980) is an Australian politician. She has been a Labor member of the Australian House of Representatives since September 2013, representing the Division of Bendigo, Victoria. Prior to her election to Parliament, Chesters worked as a union organiser for United Voice.List of Australian electorates contested at every election
Of the 65 federal electoral divisions first contested at the 1901 election, 34 are still in existence without ever being abolished. These are referred to as Federation Divisions, with the Australian Electoral Commission's redistribution guidelines stating that "Every effort should be made to retain the names of original federation divisions".
The Division of Riverina was abolished in 1984 and re-created in 1993, so has not been contested at every election.
Although there were 75 members in the House of Representatives in 1901, there were only 65 divisions contested as the states of South Australia and Tasmania consisted of single multi-member divisions electing 7 and 5 members respectively.In the state parliaments:
In New South Wales, there is only one of the original 34 contested in 1856 that still exists.
In Victoria, three of the original 37 contested in 1856 still exist.
In Queensland there is only one of the original 16 contested in 1860.
In South Australia there is also only one of the original 17 contested in 1856.
In Western Australia, five of the original 30 contested in 1890 still exist.
In the Northern Territory, there are nine of the original 19 contested in 1974.
In both Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory none still exist.Marong
Marong is a town in Victoria, Australia. At the 2016 census, Marong and the surrounding area had a population of 1,416. It is 17 kilometres (11 mi) to the west of Bendigo. Its local government area is the City of Greater Bendigo. The town is at the junction of the Calder Highway (A79) and the Calder Alternate Highway (A790).North Central Victoria
North Central Victoria is a rural region in the Australian state of Victoria. The region lies to the south of the Victorian/New South Wales border as defined by the Murray River, to the southwest of the Hume region, to the west of the Great Dividing Range contained within the Central Highlands and Victorian Alps, to the north of Greater Melbourne, to the northeast of the Wimmera, and to the east of the Mallee region.
As at the 2016 Australian census, the North Central region had a population of 249,660, representing the aggregate population of the eight local government areas that comprise the region.Steve Gibbons (politician)
Stephen William Gibbons (born 11 September 1949), Australian former politician, was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from March 1998 until August 2013 representing the Division of Bendigo, Victoria. He was born in Melbourne, Victoria, and was a trade union official, small business proprietor and researcher and adviser to the Victorian State Leader of the Opposition, John Brumby, before entering politics.
In August 2011, Gibbons announced his intention to retire from parliament at the next election.Yapeen
Yapeen is a town in central Victoria, Australia. The locality is in the Shire of Mount Alexander local government area and on the Midland Highway, 131 kilometres (81 mi) north west of the state capital, Melbourne and 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) south of Castlemaine. At the 2016 census, Yapeen had a population of 213.The locality was originally part of the Strathloddon pastoral run which was held by several notable people including Frederick Taylor. Gold was discovered in the area in 1852 and miners flocked to what was known as the "Pennyweight Flat diggings". The settlement was named "Yapeen" in 1861, for an Aboriginal word meaning "green hill" or "valley". Chinese miners were prominent in the area and some later established market gardens.A school was first established in Yapeen in 1858 with a dedicated school building constructed in 1877. The school closed in 2010.