Dissidia Final Fantasy

Dissidia Final Fantasy (ディシディア ファイナルファンタジー Dishidia Fainaru Fantajī) is a fighting game with action RPG elements developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the campaign for the Final Fantasy series' 20th anniversary. It was released in Japan on December 18, 2008, in North America on August 25, 2009, in Australia on September 3, 2009 and in Europe on September 4, 2009. It was then re-released as an international version in Japan, based on the North American port, as Dissidia Final Fantasy: Universal Tuning, on November 1, 2009.

The game features characters from different Final Fantasy games and centers on a great conflict between Cosmos, goddess of harmony, and Chaos, the god of discord. The two summon multiple warriors to fight for their sides in their thirteenth war. During the story, the player controls the ten warriors chosen by Cosmos, the protagonists from the first ten Final Fantasy games, in their journey. The game's English and international versions also give access to other features such an arcade mode.

Dissidia originated from Kingdom Hearts director Tetsuya Nomura's desire to create a spin-off for the franchise, but it was changed to the Final Fantasy series. Besides designing the characters, Nomura worked with the Square staff with the desire to make it appealing to Western players. Dissidia was well received commercially and critically, with positive reviews and sales of over 1.8 million.[4] A follow-up titled Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy was released in March 2011, and features several new characters and gameplay features.

Dissidia Final Fantasy
Dissidia NA Cover
North American box art featuring the protagonists from the first ten Final Fantasy games
Developer(s)Square Enix
Publisher(s)Square Enix
Director(s)Takeshi Arakawa
Producer(s)Yoshinori Kitase
Designer(s)Mitsunori Takahashi
Programmer(s)Ryuji Ikeda
Artist(s)Takayuki Odachi
Writer(s)Daisuke Watanabe
Harunori Sakemi
Motomu Toriyama
Composer(s)Takeharu Ishimoto
SeriesFinal Fantasy
Platform(s)PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita
  • JP: December 18, 2008
  • NA: August 25, 2009[1]
  • AU: September 3, 2009[2]
  • EU: September 4, 2009[3]
Universal Tuning
  • JP: November 1, 2009
Genre(s)Action role-playing game
Fighting game
Mode(s)Single-player, two-player


A fight from Dissidia Final Fantasy featuring Zidane Tribal and Sephiroth.

Dissidia Final Fantasy's genre has been described as "dramatic progressive action" and its graphics are in three dimensions. It has wireless one-on-one multiplayer and fights revolving around the use of individual special skills of characters to do damage to opponents. Players can also customize their characters with equipment.[5]

Character movement is fully functional within the three-dimensional field map. Characters are able to perform special maneuvers using the environment by pressing the Triangle button. Traps with a variety of ill effects can be found throughout the arena. Characters' equipment can be customized, and they can gain EXP and gil from battles.[6]

Similar to many fighting games, the aim is for the player to reduce their opponent's HP to zero. A character's offensive (and, to a lesser extent, defensive) power is shown in numerical form called BRV or "Bravery Points". Both characters start out with a set amount of BRV, and each must reduce their health to 0 by attacking them with a HP attack. Players can steal BRV from their opponent by attacking them with the basic "BRV attack" to add it to their own total and gain the upper hand. Players can then use the "HP attack" to cause direct damage to their opponent; HP damage is equal to the player's current amount of Bravery. However, once an HP attack is used, the character's own BRV is reduced to 0 and then slowly recovers to its starting amount. A character whose BRV total has been depleted (past 0 BRV and into the negatives) is forced into "Break mode", where, aside from not being able to cause HP and BRV damage (But being able to gain BRV), all attacks made against them cause critical damage and the opponent gets all of the BRV in the "Bravery Pool" (a number that can be seen at the bottom of the screen), massively boosting their BRV amount.[6]

One main feature of the combat system is the "EX Gauge", which can be filled in a variety of ways, such as inflicting damage on opponents, taking damage from opponents, and obtaining EX cores scattered around the field of play. Once the EX Gauge is filled, the character can enter their "EX Mode", significantly increasing their power and enabling new attacks, including the "EX Burst", an unavoidable and very damaging special attack similar to the Limit Break mechanic seen in many games in the series. The player on the offense charges up the attack by following the on-screen instructions, while the player on the defense can reduce the amount of damage taken by continuously pressing the circle button. Once the EX Burst is executed, EX Mode ends.[6]

In a gameplay mode exclusive to Western releases, the Arcade mode converts the game in a traditional fighting game, with all RPG elements removed and characters' abilities being stripped down to the basics to balance the playing field. Within the Arcade Mode, there are three tiers: Normal, Hard, and Time Attack; beating any tier of the Arcade mode will reward the player with PP (player points) and special items that can be used in story mode. All characters, including villains, are playable in Arcade mode; for example, Golbez, Sephiroth, Kuja, and Jecht are available for use in this mode from the start, but they still need to be bought via the PP Catalog for use in other modes.[7]


Setting and characters

The story revolves around two gods: Cosmos (コスモス Kosumosu), the goddess of harmony, and Chaos (カオス Kaosu), the god of discord. The game unites both protagonists and antagonists from installments of the main Final Fantasy series, their stories narrated by the first Final Fantasy game's Cid of the Lufaine. Other than the gods and their champions, the player also deals with crystal-like doppelgangers called Manikins. The game has an overarching storyline that requires playing through all of the characters to complete. The game contains twenty-two total playable characters: ten heroes and ten villains, one of each representing Final Fantasy through Final Fantasy X, and two secret characters: a heroine representing Final Fantasy XI, and a villain representing Final Fantasy XII. Initially, only the ten main heroes are playable in all gameplay modes; the ten main villains are playable in Arcade mode, but must still be unlocked for access in all other gameplay modes.


The gods Cosmos and Chaos have been locked in eternal conflict with "World B", a mirror dimension to the realm of "World A" where the first Final Fantasy takes place, summoning several warriors from other worlds from the main series to battle in a never-ending cycle of death and rebirth until the balance is tipped in favor of Chaos.[8] As the war seems to be nearing its end, the ten warriors of Cosmos band together to strike back at Chaos's minions and restore balance. Having lost much of her power in the previous cycle, Cosmos gives her ten warriors—Warrior of Light, Firion, Onion Knight, Cecil, Bartz, Terra, Cloud, Squall, Zidane, and Tidus—the task of retrieving the ten crystals that will help them defeat Chaos.[9] They each set out on a journey called a "Destiny Odyssey", where their respective stories are told and interlink with one another.[10] During their travels the heroes encounter their personal villains, defeating them through epiphanies about themselves that help them obtain their crystals.

Following the "Destiny Odysseys" is the "Shade Impulse", where all ten warriors are in possession of their crystals, but arrive too late to save Cosmos, who is killed by Chaos. The heroes begin to fade away, but are saved by the power of the crystals, allowing them to use what time they have left to strike back against the villains and defeat Chaos.[11][12] In the end, the other warriors leave World A for their own worlds, the Warrior of Light embarks on another adventure, setting up the events of the original Final Fantasy, and Cosmos revives to reign over World B.[13]

The game also features two other storylines with "Distant Glory", where Shanttoto and Gabranth are introduced to the player in two different areas where they are trapped and have to find a way out.[14][15] The other story mode, "Inward Chaos", serves as an alternate scenario in which Chaos has never been defeated and the player is guided by an entity known as Shinryu to defeat Chaos.[16]


Dissidia Final Fantasy was originally envisioned by creative producer Tetsuya Nomura as a Kingdom Hearts spin-off featuring a cast of Disney characters while the Square Enix staff were developing Kingdom Hearts II.[17] Nomura later felt uncomfortable with the Disney characters fighting each other and instead opted to use Final Fantasy characters, although the original idea eventually gave rise to the development of Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days, with the game's multiplayer mode inspired by Dissidia's gameplay.[18] The game was made in commemoration of the franchise's 20th anniversary and despite being handled by young employees, Nomura noticed there was no pressure, having assisted them in the designing various areas from the gameplay.[19] The game was directed by Takeshi Arakawa whom Nomura noted that his experience in a previous Square Enix game, The World Ends With You, had a good effect in the game.[19] In order to have their desired way of fighting, the team chose the PlayStation Portable console. There were plans for online play but the console's capacities made them unable to add such feature.[20] Developing the game took three years due with the battle system requiring two years and the RPG mode one.[17]

Deciding the Final Fantasy heroes was easy for the staff with the exception of Terra Branford. While her game, Final Fantasy VI, features multiple characters with that fit the role of main character, Terra was chosen in the end so that there would be a female fighter in Cosmos' side. For villains, they decided to include warriors who had a strong rivalry with the heroes rather than automatically choosing the games' final bosses. This resulted in the inclusion of non-final bosses such as Final Fantasy IV's Golbez, Final Fantasy IX's Kuja and Final Fantasy X's Jecht who were connected with their games' leads, Cecil Harvey, Zidane Tribal and Tidus, respectively. Shantotto from Final Fantasy XI was used based on her popularity, while Gabranth was used to represent Final Fantasy XII in Balthier's place as the latter had already been featured in Final Fantasy Tactics: War of the Lions and Square wanted his inclusion to surprise gamers. Other characters meant to have been featured were Final Fantasy IV's Kain Highwind and Final Fantasy XIII's Lightning.[19] Following the game's positive reception by gamers in Japan that surpassed Nomura's expectations, he already had in mind several new ideas for a sequel, and wished to feature Kain in it.[19]

Nomura was responsible for the character designs, which changed much of the look and style of Yoshitaka Amano's illustrations.[21][22] Working in the Final Fantasy and Final Fantasy IX designs brought no difficulties since in for the former game, Nomura based his designs on Amano's illustrations while he had already been involved in handling his illustrations in the latter. On the other hand, Nomura had difficulties making Onion Knight as it ended being too cartoony and requested advice from Amano.[19] Nomura's own original illustrations were also redesigned for Dissidia; Nomura commented to the Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu that Tidus was designed to look younger than he was in Final Fantasy X to "match the design touch of the rest of the Dissidia" cast.[23]

On April 6, 2007, Square Enix filed for United States trademark registration of "DISSIDIA"; the mark's relation to Final Fantasy was omitted.[24] The title was connected with Final Fantasy when Square Enix introduced Dissidia Final Fantasy on May 8, 2007 with an official Japanese website.


The Dissidia Final Fantasy Original Soundtrack by Takeharu Ishimoto was released on December 24, 2008,[25] and is available in both regular and special editions, similar to the game itself. Most tracks are often remixes done by Ishimoto of past Final Fantasy music originally composed by Nobuo Uematsu.[1]

The main theme of the game is "The Messenger" by Your Favorite Enemies. The tracks "Cosmos" and "Chaos - Last Battle 1" are also performed by Your Favorite Enemies. "The Messenger" is the main theme song of the game, with lyrics from both "Cosmos" and "Chaos - Last Battle 1." "Cosmos" features female vocals, while "Chaos" is dominated by male vocals. In YFE's documentary on the conception of the songs for Dissidia, lyricist and vocalist Alex Foster admitted that the lyrics have no direct connection to themes of the game; rather, he left it up to the listeners to interpret the lyrics based on their own thoughts and ideas.[26]

Track list

Disc 1
No.TitleJapanese titleLength
1."Dissidia" (opening from Dissidia Final Fantasy) 5:34
2."Prelude" (menu from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「プレリュード3:00
3."Dissidia" (menu from Dissidia Final Fantasy) 1:24
4."Keeping the Peace" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「守るべき秩序」2:26
5."Cosmos" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy) 6:09
6."Victory Fanfare" (Cosmos from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「勝利ファンファーレ1:13
7."Main Theme" (arrange from Final Fantasy I)「メインテーマ1:29
8."Battle" (arrange from Final Fantasy I)「戦闘シーン3:33
9."Dungeon" (arrange from Final Fantasy I)「ダンジョン2:27
10."Main Theme" (arrange from Final Fantasy II)「メインテーマ1:56
11."Battle Theme 1" (arrange from Final Fantasy II)「戦闘シーン13:44
12."Battle Theme 2" (arrange from Final Fantasy II)「戦闘シーン22:53
13."Warriors of Light" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「光の戦士達」0:35
14."Eternal Wind" (arrange from Final Fantasy III)「悠久の風2:23
15."Battle 2" (arrange from Final Fantasy III)「バトル23:02
16."This Is the Last Battle" (arrange from Final Fantasy III)「最後の死闘1:59
17."Battle Preparations" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「臨戦」1:48
18."Main Theme of Final Fantasy IV" (arrange from Final Fantasy IV)「ファイナルファンタジーIV メインテーマ2:40
19."Battle with the Four Fiends" (arrange from Final Fantasy IV)「ゴルベーザ四天王とのバトル3:12
20."Battle 2" (arrange from Final Fantasy IV)「バトル22:26
21."Victory Fanfare" (Chaos from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「勝利ファンファーレ1:20
22."Four Hearts" (arrange from Final Fantasy V)「4つの心1:50
23."Battle at the Big Bridge" (arrange from Final Fantasy V)「ビッグブリッヂの死闘2:29
24."Battle 1" (arrange from Final Fantasy V)「バトル11:15
25."At Presentiment's Edge" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「思惑の果て」3:12
26."Terra's Theme" (arrange from Final Fantasy VI)「ティナのテーマ1:06
27."The Decisive Battle" (arrange from Final Fantasy VI)「決戦1:57
28."Battle to the Death" (arrange from Final Fantasy VI)「死闘2:29
29."The Quickening" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「胎動」1:59
30."The Troops' Advance" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「進軍」2:34
Disc 2
No.TitleJapanese titleLength
1."Main Theme of Final Fantasy VII" (arrange from Final Fantasy VII)「F.F.VII メインテーマ2:21
2."One-Winged Angel" (orchestra version from Final Fantasy VII)「片翼の天使4:26
3."Fight On!" (arrange from Final Fantasy VII)「更に闘う者達3:07
4."A Brief Respite" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy)「一時の安息」0:54
5."Blue Fields" (arrange from Final Fantasy VIII) 2:15
6."Don't Be Afraid" (arrange from Final Fantasy VIII) 2:55
7."The Extreme" (original from Final Fantasy VIII) 4:19
8."Defeat" (Fanfare from "Dissidia Final Fantasy")「敗北ファンファーレ」0:51
9."Over the Hill" (arrange from Final Fantasy IX)「あの丘を越えて2:37
10."Battle 1" (arrange from Final Fantasy IX) 3:15
11."Battle 2" (original from Final Fantasy IX) 3:58
12."Mambo de Chocobo" (original from Final Fantasy V)「マンボ de チョコボ1:11
13."Movement in Green" (arrange from Final Fantasy X)「萌動2:10
14."Otherworld" (original from Final Fantasy X) 3:14
15."Battle Theme" (original from Final Fantasy X)「ノーマルバトル3:11
16."Victory Fanfare" (original from Final Fantasy V)「勝利のファンファーレ0:44
17."The Federation of Windurst" (original from Final Fantasy XI) 2:54
18."Battle in the Dungeon #2" (original from Final Fantasy XI) 1:32
19."Theme of the Empire" (original from Final Fantasy XII)「帝国のテーマ3:56
20."Boss Battle" (original from Final Fantasy XII) 3:25
21."Answer" (from Dissidia Final Fantasy) 1:53
22."Chaos" (Last Battle 1 from Dissidia Final Fantasy) 5:41
23."Final Fantasy" 2:13
24."Dissidia" (ending from Dissidia Final Fantasy) 8:41
25."The Messenger" (bonus track) 4:13

Release and merchandise

For the western localization, the Square Enix staff used analysis from their subsidiary companies in London and Los Angeles to readjust the game for Western audiences.[27] Director Takeshi Arakawa and producer Yoshinori Kitase announced that the release date for the western world would be August 25, 2009 (starting in North America), and that it will include a number of small changes, including re-adjustments in gameplay, new gameplay events, an arcade gameplay mode, a shortened tutorial, new moves for playable characters, and extra cutscenes featuring cameos from several other characters from the main characters' original games that do not appear in the Japanese version.[28] Arakawa referred to the Western version as a more action-based game than the original Japanese version which was more RPG-based.[17]

For the Dissidia Final Fantasy US release, Gamestop released the game with two additional covers for anyone who reserved it before it came out.[29] On August 24, 2009, it was announced that there would be an international version of the game. Named Dissidia Final Fantasy: Universal Tuning (ディシディア ファイナルファンタジー ユニバーサルチューニング), this revision of the game would be a direct port of the North American version of the game, retaining all the extra features added, and was released in Japan on November 1, 2009. Both English and Japanese voices are available in battle, with the player deciding which language the characters will speak.[30]

SCEA later announced a Dissidia Final Fantasy-themed PSP bundle, which included a "Mystic Silver" PSP system, a copy of Dissidia Final Fantasy, a 2GB memory stick, and a copy of Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children. It was also released on August 25, 2009.[31]

Studio BentStuff published the Dissidia Final Fantasy Ultimania α as the initial reference guide for the game. Released on December 4, 2008, this book became part of the Ultimania series, which includes the Kingdom Hearts Ultimania α.[32] Suntory Ltd. also collaborated with Square Enix to create the "Dissidia Final Fantasy Potion" drinks which were released on December 9, 2008 in Japan to promote the game's release.

Square Enix released a line of Trading Arts figures in early 2009 with Series 1 containing Cloud Strife, Squall Leonhart, Zidane Tribal, Tidus, and the Warrior of Light.[33] A second series was later released featuring Sephiroth, Terra, Bartz, Firion, and Cecil.[34]


Aggregate score
Review scores
Famitsu36 of 40[37]
Game Informer6.5/10[38]
(Second Opinion: 6.5)[38]
X-Play4/5 stars[43]


Dissidia sold well according to Takeshi Arakawa, despite concerns about piracy.[44] As of August 17, 2009, Dissidia Final Fantasy has sold 910,000 copies in Japan, making it the fourth best-selling game for the PSP in Japan.[45][46] It was the 12th best-selling game in Japan in 2008, selling 660,262 copies.[47] In the United States, Dissidia debuted at the 7th place of the August 2009 charts with 130,000 copies, despite only four days of availability.[48] Figures from the NPD Group list Dissidia Final Fantasy as the best-selling PSP game of 2009.[49]


Dissidia was well received by the Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu with individual scores of 9/9/10/8, earning the game a place in its "Best Picks of This Week" feature as well as its "Platinum Hall of Fame." The game's battle system was described as fast-paced and exhilarating, with simple controls capable of producing battles like those found in Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children, though it was noted that the action can become difficult to follow when things got hectic and that some of the more technical aspects of the game can be hard to grasp. The game was also praised for its story and cutscenes, with one reviewer noting that the history was "exacting".[37]

The game also enjoyed positive reviews by American critics. 1UP.com and GameSpot praised the fighting system and visuals, with the latter commenting on the mix of RPG and action gameplay. The story received mixed reactions, as GameSpot stated that it would only interest fans of the franchise, while 1UP.COM enjoyed its references to previous games.[36][40] RandomNPC called the game "one of the few must-have games for the PSP."[50] Game Informer was critical, claiming the story and gameplay were too similar to past Final Fantasy titles and would turn off new players.[38]

In the Best of E3 2009, Dissidia was awarded "Best Fighting Game" by IGN.[51] Dissidia also received awards from Famitsu and in the Japan Game Awards 2008.[52][53] In 2010, the game was included as one of the titles in the book 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You Die.[54]


A follow up to Dissidia titled Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy was released in March 2011 for the PlayStation Portable. Since Dissidia had a concrete ending, the team decided to make the story a prequel.[55] Tetsuya Nomura stated that there would be no more Dissidia games following Dissidia 012 although the series may continue "in another form" since the team already believed they did enough with the fighting genre.[56] The main story of Dissidia also served as a basis for the 2012 rhythm game Theatrhythm Final Fantasy for the Nintendo 3DS, which also uses multiple characters from the Final Fantasy series.[57] In 2013, Ichiro Hazama stated that he and much of the team intended to make a third Dissidia title, but did not mention possible platforms.[58] In February 2015 at Japan Amusement Expo (JAEPO), a gameplay teaser trailer was unveiled for a new game titled Dissidia Final Fantasy coming to arcades in Japan, later released for PlayStation 4 as Dissidia Final Fantasy NT. Unlike the previous Dissidia titles, this game features 3v3 combat, as well as adding new playable characters such as Y’shtola and Ramza Beoulve.[59]


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  9. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Cosmos: All existence is on the brink of doom. Ten of you remain--and you are the last hope left to this world. I implore you. Obtain the light that even in a broken world could never fade-- the light of the crystals. The crystals embody the strength to face despair. With ten gathered, there is hope yet to save the world.
  10. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Cosmos: The paths to our crystals may be different for each of us. But we've strength in our allies. / Firion: And if we put that strength together, we'll have nothing to fear. / Cloud: I don't know. The god, Chaos, is leading his forces of disorder-- and they're headed straight for us. But I'm ready for whatever comes my way. / Tidus: The tougher the enemy, the more fired up I get! / Cosmos: I thank you all.
  11. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Cecil: But they said that we were the ones who killed Cosmos... / Firion: I think...we should find out the truth. / Bartz: Why Cosmos had to disappear... If WE have to disappear as well... We've got to get some answers! / Cloud: We're not gonna let them have their way.
  12. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Exdeath: The power of the crystals has allowed the pawns to live on without their master. But so feeble is the light that remains. Even that shall soon fade to nothing.
  13. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Warrior of Light: "The battle has come to an end... / Tidus: Gotta go, huh... Don't worry. The crystal knows the rest of the way. Besides-- I'm always right here./ Zidane: We're not vanishing. We're returning-- to where we're supposed to be.
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  15. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Gabranth: Hmph. Just another stray being played with by the gods. No matter. Choose the path you wish to take. All paths lead to the same end, anyway. You keep fighting...and die like a dog.
  16. ^ Square Enix (August 25, 2009). Dissidia: Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Shinryu: The instant Chaos was destroyed, the power of discord distorted the fabric of time and space, creating a new realm of possibilities... That Chaos has never known defeat. At the darkest edge of despair he waits, eternally tortured by the flames of the abyss... Into the endless emptiness of Chaos's heart, I, Shinryu, shall let flow my power. This is a fantasy that ought not exist... Moreover...it is one without end.
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External links

Christopher Corey Smith

Christopher Corey Smith is an American actor who voices in various English-language dubs of Japanese anime shows, and in cartoons and video games. Some of his major roles include Spandam in One Piece, John Balks in Future Diary, Riser Phenex in High School DxD, and Soyuz in Fullmetal Alchemist: The Sacred Star of Milos. In cartoons and video games, his major roles include the Joker in Lego Batman 2 and Lego Batman: The Movie – DC Super Heroes Unite,

Molag Bal in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, Hank Johnson in Ingress, Rufus in Street Fighter, Hotshot in Defiance and The Emperor in Dissidia Final Fantasy.

Christopher Sabat

Christopher Robin Sabat is an American voice actor, producer, line producer and ADR director at Funimation. He provides voices for a number of English versions of Japanese anime series such as a variety of Dragon Ball characters, including Vegeta, Piccolo, Yamcha and others. His other major roles include Roronoa Zoro in the Funimation re-dub of One Piece, Kazuma Kuwabara in Yu Yu Hakusho, Alex Louis Armstrong in Fullmetal Alchemist, Tatsumi Saiga in Speed Grapher, Kurogane in Tsubasa Reservoir Chronicle, All Might in My Hero Academia and Daisuke Jigen in Lupin the Third. In video games, he voices Garland in Dissidia: Final Fantasy, Rundas in Metroid Prime 3: Corruption, Alex D in Deus Ex: Invisible War as well as Captain Smiley and Star in Comic Jumper. He is also the founder and director of OkraTron 5000, an audio production company that provides support for some of Funimation's dubbing titles.

Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy

Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy (ディシディア デュオデシム ファイナルファンタジー, Dishidia Dyuodeshimu Fainaru Fantajī, pronounced "Dissidia Duodecim Final Fantasy") is a 2011 fighting game published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the Final Fantasy series. It was developed by the company's 1st Production Department and released in Japan on March 3, 2011. The game is both a prequel and remake of Dissidia Final Fantasy, revealing what occurred before the events of its predecessor, and was released on March 22, 2011 in North America.The game initially focuses on the twelfth war between the gods Chaos and Cosmos who have summoned several warriors from parallel worlds to fight for them. Upon ending the twelfth cycle, the game remakes the thirteenth war from the original Dissidia Final Fantasy and adds multiple sidestories. Fights in Dissidia 012 were given the ability to counteract enemies' strongest attacks by using assisting characters, while navigation is now done through a traditional-styled Final Fantasy world map.

Development of the game started in August 2009 with the Square staff wishing to improve the gameplay from the first game to provide players with more entertaining features as well as balance several parts. Dissidia 012 has been well received, with publications calling it one of the best PlayStation Portable games.

Dissidia Final Fantasy NT

Dissidia Final Fantasy NT is a fighting game with action role-playing elements developed by Koei Tecmo's Team Ninja and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 4. The game is a follow-up to Dissidia Final Fantasy and Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, released for PlayStation Portable, and similarly allows players to battle one another using many characters from the Final Fantasy series. The game is a console port of the 2015 Japanese arcade game Dissidia Final Fantasy, and it released worldwide in January 2018.

George Newbern

George Young Newbern (born December 30, 1964) is an American actor and voice actor, best known for his roles as Charlie in ABC show Scandal and Bryan MacKenzie in Father of the Bride (1991) and its sequel Father of the Bride Part II as well as Danny (The Yeti) in Friends and his recurring role as Julia's son Payne in Designing Women. He is also known for providing the voices of Superman in many pieces of DC Comics media (most notably the Justice League and Justice League Unlimited animated series and the Injustice video game series), and Sephiroth in the Final Fantasy series and the Kingdom Hearts series.

Gregg Berger

Greggory Berger is an American voice actor known for his roles as Jecht from Final Fantasy X and the Dissidia Final Fantasy games, Grimlock from The Transformers, Mysterio and Kraven the Hunter from Spider-Man, Cornfed Pig from Duckman, Agent Kay from Men in Black: The Series, The Gromble from Aaahh!!! Real Monsters, Captain Blue from Viewtiful Joe, Eeyore from Kingdom Hearts II, Hunter the Cheetah and Ripto from Spyro The Dragon, and The Thing from Marvel: Ultimate Alliance.

Kefka Palazzo

Kefka Palazzo (ケフカ・パラッツォ, Kefuka Parattso, romanized as Cefca Palazzo in the Japanese version) is a character in the Final Fantasy series of video games. Originally designed by Yoshitaka Amano, he appears in the 6th installment of the series - Final Fantasy VI. First introduced as the court jester and army general under Emperor Gestahl, throughout the game he reveals himself to be a nihilistic psychopath after setting in motion events leading to the Apocalypse and pronouncing himself the God of Magic. From that point he acts as the game's primary antagonist.

He is also present in the spin-off fighting game series Dissidia Final Fantasy, wherein he is voiced by Shigeru Chiba (Dave Wittenberg in English localization). As well as these appearances, he shows up in Theatrhythm Final Fantasy, Final Fantasy Artniks, Final Fantasy 14, and Final Fantasy All the Bravest as an enemy boss character.

Kefka has been rated one of the most memorable and most evil video game villains ever created, with critics and fans noting his intense hatred and maniacal laughter as defining characteristics. He has also been compared to the Joker from the Batman universe.

List of Square Enix companion books

Dozens of Square Enix companion books have been produced since 1998, when video game developer Square began to produce books that focused on artwork, developer interviews, and background information on the fictional worlds and characters in its games rather than on gameplay details. The first series of these books was the Perfect Works series, written and published by Square subsidiary DigiCube. They produced three books between 1998 and 1999 before the line was stopped in favor of the Ultimania (アルティマニア, Arutimania) series, a portmanteau of ultimate and mania. This series of books is written by Studio BentStuff, which had previously written game guides for Square for Final Fantasy VII. They were published by DigiCube until the company was dissolved in 2003. Square merged with video game publisher Enix on April 1, 2003 to form Square Enix, which resumed publication of the companion books.

Both the Perfect Works and Ultimania books have focused primarily on Square and Square Enix's role-playing video game franchises, such as the Final Fantasy and Kingdom Hearts series; over 45 of the 75 books are for games related to the Final Fantasy series. Sometimes, multiple books have been written per game or revised editions have been published years afterwards. One of the books, Final Fantasy IX Ultimania Online, was solely published online as part of an experiment by Square Enix with online content delivery; another for Final Fantasy XI was planned, but the idea was abandoned as unsuccessful and all subsequent books have been published traditionally. The Ultimania series had sold over 10 million books by July 2007. All of the books have been released solely in Japanese, but in October 2017 Dark Horse Books announced that they would be publishing English translations of the three-volume 2012 Final Fantasy 25th Memorial Ultimania as Final Fantasy Ultimania Archive, for release starting in June 2018.

Manikin (disambiguation)

The terms "manikin" and "mannikin" may refer to:

Manikin, a life-sized human doll used in medical education

Mannequin, a life-sized human doll used especially in sales

Lunchura, a genus of bird which includes mannikins (not to be confused with manakins)

Manikin (comics), a Marvel Comics character

Manikin Records, a record label specialising in the Berlin school of electronic music

Manikin, an enemy type from the video game, Dissidia Final Fantasy

Manikin, a human-like race from the video game, Shin Megami Tensei: Nocturne

Manikin, a small cigar, popular in 1970s UK, manufactured by Freeman and Co. Ltd. (bought by Gallaher Group)

Masuo Amada

Masuo Amada (天田 益男, Amada Masuo, born January 20, 1958) is a Japanese actor and voice actor from Hyōgo Prefecture. He is affiliated with the Seinenza Theater Company, and graduated from the Osaka University of Arts.

Shigeru Chiba

Masaharu Maeda (前田 正治, Maeda Masaharu, born February 4, 1954 in Kikuchi, Kumamoto), known by the stage name Shigeru Chiba (千葉 繁, Chiba Shigeru), is a Japanese actor and voice actor. He has also worked as a sound effects director and music director. He is affiliated with the talent management firm 81 Produce.

He is most known for the roles of the narrator of Fist of the North Star, Megane (Urusei Yatsura), Rei Ichidō (High School! Kimengumi), Kazuma Kuwabara (Yu Yu Hakusho), Pilaf (Dragon Ball), Raditz and Garlic Jr. (Dragon Ball Z), Buggy the Clown (One Piece) Kefka Palazzo (Dissidia: Final Fantasy) and Kōichi Todome (Kerberos saga).

He was also the voice acting mentor to Megumi Hayashibara.

Steve Burton (actor)

Jack Stephen Burton (born June 28, 1970) is an American actor, best known for his portrayal of Jason Morgan on General Hospital from 1991 to 2012 and 2017 to present, and Dylan McAvoy on The Young and the Restless from 2013 to 2017. He also voiced the character Cloud Strife in a wide range of Square Enix products, including Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children and the Kingdom Hearts series. In 2017, Burton returned to General Hospital in the role of Jason Morgan, under the alias of "Patient 6."

Takeharu Ishimoto

Takeharu Ishimoto (石元 丈晴, Ishimoto Takeharu) is a Japanese video game composer and musician. Formerly employed by Square Enix, he joined them in 1999 as a synthesizer programmer on Legend of Mana, and worked for them on several games. In 2002, he was promoted to the role of composer, beginning with World Fantasista. He has since composed for several large-budget games, such as The World Ends with You, Dissidia: Final Fantasy, and Final Fantasy Type-0. In addition to his work for Square Enix, he is a composer and guitar player for the bands The Death March and SAWA. He left Square Enix at the end of 2017, becoming a freelancer.

Team Ninja

Team Ninja (Japanese: チームニンジャ) (stylised as Team NINJA) is a Japanese video game developer and a division of Koei Tecmo, founded in 1995. It was formerly led by Tomonobu Itagaki, later by Yosuke Hayashi, and is best known for the Ninja Gaiden action-adventure game series and the Dead or Alive fighting game series.

Terra Branford

Terra Branford, known as Tina Branford (ティナ・ブランフォード, Tina Buranfōdo) in Japanese media, is a character in the Final Fantasy series of role-playing video games published by Square Enix. Designed by Yoshitaka Amano and Tetsuya Nomura for the main series installment Final Fantasy VI, she also appeared in the spin-off fighting games Dissidia Final Fantasy and Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, and made small appearances in several other games in and outside the Final Fantasy series.

In Final Fantasy VI, Terra is one of the protagonists. She is the daughter of a human and a magic creature known as an "Esper." Mentally enslaved by the antagonistic Gestahlian Empire, which exploits her magic powers for militaristic purposes, she is rescued by rebels at the beginning of the game. The character was very well received by journalists and fans alike.

Tetsuya Nomura

Tetsuya Nomura (野村 哲也, Nomura Tetsuya, born October 8, 1970) is a Japanese video game artist, designer and director working for Square Enix (formerly Square). He designed characters for the Final Fantasy series, debuting with Final Fantasy VI and continuing with various later installments. Additionally, Nomura has helmed the development of the Kingdom Hearts series since its debut in 2002 and was also the director for the CGI film Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children.


Tidus (Japanese: ティーダ, Hepburn: Tīda) is a fictional video game character in Square Enix's Final Fantasy series. He was introduced as the protagonist of the role-playing video game, Final Fantasy X, in 2001 as a 17-year-old expert in the fictional sport of blitzball from the city of Zanarkand. After a mysterious creature named Sin attacks his hometown, Tidus is apparently transported to the world of Spira. Shortly after his arrival he meets Yuna, a new summoner, and her guardians. The summoner will soon set out on a pilgrimage to destroy the creature which attacked Tidus' city; by joining them, Tidus hopes to find his way home. He has appeared in other video games, including the Final Fantasy X sequel Final Fantasy X-2, the Kingdom Hearts series, and several Square Enix crossover games.

Tidus was designed by Tetsuya Nomura with a cheerful appearance, in contrast to previous Final Fantasy protagonists. Scenario writer Kazushige Nojima wanted to expand the relationship between player and character with monologues describing the game's setting. Tidus is voiced primarily by Masakazu Morita in Japanese and James Arnold Taylor in English. Both actors enjoyed voicing the character, and Morita also performed his motion capture.

He has been generally well received by video-game critics. Tidus' cheerful personality and heroic traits make him an appealing protagonist, contrasting with previous male characters in the franchise. His character development and romantic relationship with Yuna are considered among the best in video games, although reviewers and fans were divided on Taylor's voicing. Tidus has been popular with fans, often ranking as one of the best Final Fantasy characters in polls. Action figures and Tidus-related jewelry have been produced, and he is a popular cosplay character.

Veronica Taylor

Kathleen McInerney , known professionally as Veronica Taylor, is an American voice actress known for her dubbing work in English language adaptations of Japanese anime, in particular for voicing Ash Ketchum in the Pokémon anime for the first eight seasons. Other voices she has done include Amelia Wil Tesla Seyruun from Slayers, Sailor Pluto from Sailor Moon and Sailor Moon Crystal, Nico Robin in the 4Kids dub of One Piece, and has voiced video game characters like Leo Kliesen from Tekken 6 and Tekken 7 and Cosmos from Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, Dissidia Final Fantasy and Dissidia Final Fantasy NT.

Yoshinori Kitase

Yoshinori Kitase (北瀬 佳範, Kitase Yoshinori, born 23 September 1966) is a Japanese game director and producer working for Square Enix. He is known as the director of Final Fantasy VI, Chrono Trigger, Final Fantasy VII, Final Fantasy VIII and Final Fantasy X, and the producer of the Final Fantasy X and Final Fantasy XIII series. Kitase is an Executive Officer at Square Enix, the Head of Square Enix's Business Division 1 and part of the Final Fantasy Committee that is tasked with keeping the franchise's releases and content consistent.

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