Discworld

Discworld is a comic fantasy book series written by the English author Terry Pratchett (1948–2015), set on the Discworld, a flat planet balanced on the backs of four elephants which in turn stand on the back of a giant turtle. The books frequently parody or take inspiration from J. R. R. Tolkien, Robert E. Howard, H. P. Lovecraft, Charles Dickens and William Shakespeare, as well as mythology, folklore and fairy tales, often using them for satirical parallels with cultural, political and scientific issues.

Forty-one Discworld novels have been published. The original British editions of the first 26 novels, up to Thief of Time (2001), had cover art by Josh Kirby. The American editions, published by Harper Collins, used their own cover art. Since Kirby's death in 2001, the covers have been designed by Paul Kidby. Companion publications include eleven short stories (some only loosely related to the Discworld), four popular science books, and a number of supplementary books and reference guides. The series has been adapted for graphic novels, theatre, computer and board games, and television.

Newly released Discworld books regularly topped The Sunday Times best-sellers list, making Pratchett the UK's best-selling author in the 1990s. Discworld novels have also won awards such as the Prometheus Award and the Carnegie Medal. In the BBC's Big Read, four Discworld novels were in the top 100, and a total of fourteen in the top 200. More than 80 million Discworld books have been sold in 37 languages.[1][2]

Discworld
The Colour of Magic (cover art)
Cover of an early edition of The Colour of Magic; art by Josh Kirby

List of books
AuthorTerry Pratchett
Cover artistJosh Kirby (1983–2001)
Paul Kidby (2001–2015)
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
GenreComic fantasy
PublisherTransworld Publishers
Doubleday
Random House
Published1983–2015
Media typePrint: Hardback, paperback
No. of books41 novels
Websitediscworld.com

Composition

Very few of the Discworld novels have chapter divisions. Instead they feature interweaving storylines. Pratchett was quoted as saying that he "just never got into the habit of chapters",[3] later adding that "I have to shove them in the putative YA books because my editor screams until I do".[4] However, the first Discworld novel The Colour of Magic was divided into "books", as is Pyramids. Additionally, Going Postal and Making Money both have chapters, a prologue, an epilogue, and brief teasers of what is to come in each chapter, in the style of A. A. Milne, Jules Verne, and Jerome K. Jerome.

Themes and motifs

The Discworld novels contain common themes and motifs that run through the series. Fantasy clichés are parodied in many of the novels, as are various subgenres of fantasy, such as fairy tales (notably Witches Abroad), witch and vampire stories (Carpe Jugulum) and so on. Analogies of real-world issues, such as religion (Small Gods), fundamentalism and inner city tension (Thud), business and politics (Making Money), racial prejudice and exploitation (Snuff) are recurring themes, as are aspects of culture and entertainment, such as opera (Maskerade), rock music (Soul Music), cinema (Moving Pictures), and football (Unseen Academicals). Parodies of non-Discworld fiction also occur frequently, including Shakespeare, Beatrix Potter, and several movies. Major historical events, especially battles, are sometimes used as the basis for both trivial and key events in Discworld stories (Jingo, Pyramids), as are trends in science, technology, pop culture and modern art (Moving Pictures, Men at Arms, Thud). There are also humanist themes in many of the Discworld novels, and a focus on critical thinking skills in the Witches and Tiffany Aching series.

Storylines

Discworld Reading Order Guide 3.0 (cropped)
A visual overview of how the Discworld books relate to each other

The Discworld novels and stories are, in principle, stand-alone works. However, a number of novels and stories form novel sequences with distinct story arcs:

Rincewind

Rincewind was the first protagonist of Discworld; a wizard with no skill, no wizardly qualifications, and no interest in heroics. He is the archetypal coward but is constantly thrust into extremely dangerous adventures. In The Last Hero, he flatly states that he does not wish to join an expedition to explore over the edge of the Disc—but, being fully geared for the expedition at the time, clarifies by saying that any amount of protesting on his part is futile, as something will eventually occur that will bring him into the expedition anyway. As such, he not only constantly succeeds in staying alive, but also saves Discworld on several occasions, and has an instrumental role in the emergence of life on Roundworld (Science of Discworld).

Other characters in the Rincewind story arc include: Cohen the Barbarian, an aging hero of the old fantasy tradition, out of touch with the modern world and still fighting despite his advanced age; Twoflower, a naive tourist from the Agatean Empire (inspired by cultures of the Far East, particularly Japan and China); and The Luggage, a magical, semi-sentient and exceptionally vicious multi-legged travelling accessory, made from sapient pearwood. Rincewind appeared in eight Discworld novels as well as the four Science of Discworld supplementary books.

Death

Death appears in every novel except The Wee Free Men and Snuff, although sometimes with only a few lines. As dictated by tradition, he is a seven-foot-tall skeleton in a black robe who sits astride a pale horse (called Binky). His dialogue is always depicted in small caps, and without quotation marks, as several characters state that Death's voice seems to arrive in their heads without actually passing through their ears as sound.

As the anthropomorphic personification of death, Death has the job of guiding souls onward from this world into the next. Over millennia in the role, he has developed a fascination with humanity, even going so far as to create a house for himself in his personal dimension.

Characters that often appear with Death include his butler Albert; his granddaughter Susan Sto Helit; the Death of Rats, the part of Death in charge of gathering the souls of rodents; Quoth, a talking raven (a parody of Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven", although it flat-out refuses to say "Nevermore"); and the Auditors of Reality, personifications of the orderly physical laws and the closest thing Death has to a nemesis. Death or Susan appear as the main characters in five Discworld novels. He also appears in the short stories Death and What Comes Next, Theatre of Cruelty and Turntables of the Night.

Death also appears in the non-Discworld novel Good Omens, written by Pratchett and Neil Gaiman.

In Soul Music, when asked about things he enjoys he answers, "Cats and curries".

Witches

Witches in Pratchett's universe are largely stripped of their modern occultist associations (though Pratchett does frequently use his stories to lampoon such conceptions of witchcraft), and act as herbalists, adjudicators and wise women. That is not to say that witches on the Disc cannot use magic; they simply prefer not to, finding simple but cunningly applied psychology (often referred to as "headology", or sometimes "boffo") far more effective.

The principal witch in the series is Granny Weatherwax, who at first glance seems to be a taciturn, bitter old crone, from the small mountain country of Lancre. She largely despises people but takes on the role of their healer and protector because no one else can do the job as well as she can. Her closest friend is Nanny Ogg, a jolly, personable witch with the "common touch" who enjoys a smoke and a pint of beer, often leading to her singing bawdy folk songs including the notorious "Hedgehog Song". The two take on apprentice witches, initially Magrat Garlick, then Agnes Nitt, and then Tiffany Aching, who in turn go on to become accomplished witches in their own right, and, in Magrat's case, Queen of Lancre.

Other characters in the Witches series include: King Verence II of Lancre, a onetime Fool; Jason Ogg, Nanny Ogg's eldest son and local blacksmith; Shawn Ogg, Nanny's youngest son who serves as his country's entire army and civil service; and Nanny's murderous cat Greebo. The witches have appeared in numerous Discworld books, but have featured as protagonists in seven. They have also appeared in the short story "The Sea and Little Fishes". Their stories frequently draw on ancient European folklore and fairy tales, as well as parody famous works of literature, particularly by Shakespeare.

City Watch

The stories featuring the Ankh-Morpork City Watch are urban fantasy, and frequently show the clashes that result when a traditional, magically run fantasy world such as the Disc comes into contact with modern technology and civilization. They revolve around the growth of the Ankh-Morpork City Watch from a hopeless gang of three to a fully equipped and efficient police force. The stories are largely police procedurals, featuring crimes that have heavy political or societal overtones.

The main character is Sam Vimes, a haggard, cynical, working-class street copper who, when introduced in Guards! Guards!, is the drunken/alcoholic Captain of the 2-person Night Watch: lazy, cowardly, and none-too-bright Sergeant Fred Colon, and Corporal Nobby Nobbs, a petty thief in his own right. Then Carrot Ironfoundersson, a 6-foot-6-inch-tall (1.98 m) dwarf-by-adoption, comes down from the mountains to join the Watch and do real policing. The Night Watch manages to save the city from a dragon, we learn that Carrot is possibly the rightful heir to the throne of Ankh-Morpork, and the Patrician decides to allow Vimes to create a real police force.

Other main characters include Angua, a werewolf; Detritus, a troll; Reg Shoe, a zombie and Dead Rights campaigner; Cuddy, a Dwarf who appears in Men at Arms; Golem Constable Dorfl; Cheery Littlebottom, the Watch's forensics expert, who is one of the first dwarves to be openly female (and who tried to rename herself "Cheri", but without success); Sam's wife, Lady Sybil Vimes (née Ramkin); Constable Visit-the-infidel-with-explanatory-pamphlets; Inspector A E Pessimal, recruited by Vimes as his adjutant when sent as an auditor by Havelock Vetinari, the Patrician of Ankh-Morpork. The City Watch have starred in eight Discworld stories, and have cameoed in a number of others, including Making Money, the children's book Where's My Cow?, and the short story "Theatre of Cruelty".

Pratchett stated on numerous occasions that the presence of the City Watch makes Ankh-Morpork stories 'problematic', as stories set in the city that do not directly involve Vimes and the Watch often require a Watch presence to maintain the story—at which point, it becomes a Watch story by default.

Wizards

The Wizards of the Unseen University (UU) have represented a strong thread through many of the Discworld novels, although the only books that they star in exclusively are The Science of the Discworld series and the novels Unseen Academicals and The Last Continent. In the early books, the faculty of UU changed frequently, as rising to the top usually involved assassination. However, with the ascension of the bombastic Mustrum Ridcully to the position of Archchancellor, the hierarchy has settled and characters have been given the chance to develop. The earlier books featuring the wizards also frequently dealt with the possible invasion of the Discworld by the creatures from the Dungeon Dimensions, Lovecraftian monsters that hunger for the magic and potential of the Discworld.

The wizards of UU employ the traditional "whizz-bang" type of magic seen in Dungeons & Dragons games, but also investigate the rules and structure of magic in terms highly reminiscent of particle physics. Prominent members include Ponder Stibbons, a geeky young wizard; Hex, the Disc's first computer/semi-sentient thinking engine; the Librarian, who was turned into an orangutan by magical accident; the Dean; the Bursar; the Chair of Indefinite Studies; the Lecturer in Recent Runes; and the Senior Wrangler. In later novels, Rincewind also joins their group, while the Dean leaves to become the Archchancellor of Brazeneck College in the nearby city of Pseudopolis.

The Wizards have featured prominently in nine Discworld books as well as starred in The Science of Discworld series and the short story "A Collegiate Casting-Out of Devilish Devices".

Tiffany Aching

Tiffany Aching is a young apprentice witch and protagonist of a series of Discworld books aimed at young adults. Her stories often parallel mythic heroes' quests, but also deal with Tiffany's difficulties as a young girl maturing into a responsible woman. She is aided in her task by the Nac Mac Feegle, a gang of blue-tattooed, 6-inch tall, hard-drinking, loud-mouthed pictsie creatures also called "The Wee Free Men" who serve as her guardians. Both Granny Weatherwax and Nanny Ogg have also appeared in her stories. She has appeared in five novels (The Wee Free Men, A Hat Full of Sky, Wintersmith, I Shall Wear Midnight, and The Shepherd's Crown). Major characters in this series include Miss Tick, who discovered Tiffany, Annagramma Hawkin, Petulia Gristle, and Nac Mac Feegle chieftain Rob Anybody.

Moist von Lipwig

Moist von Lipwig is a professional criminal and con man to whom Havelock Vetinari gives a "second chance" after staging his execution, recognising the advantages his jack-of-all-trades abilities would have to the development of the city. After setting him in charge of the Ankh-Morpork Post Office in Going Postal, to good result, Vetinari ordered him to clear up the city's corrupt financial sector in Making Money. In a third book, Raising Steam, published on 7 November 2013, Vetinari persuades Lipwig to oversee the development of a rail network for Dick Simnel's newly invented steam locomotive. Other characters in this series include Adora Belle Dearheart, Lipwig's acerbic, chain-smoking love interest; Gladys, a golem who develops a strange crush on Lipwig; Stanley Howler, an obsessive young man who was raised by peas and becomes the Disc's first stamp collector; and the very old Junior Postman Groat, who never got promoted to Senior Postman because there was never a Postmaster alive long enough to do so.

Discworld cultures

Several other books can be grouped together as "Other cultures of Discworld" books. They may contain characters or locations from other arcs, typically not as protagonist or antagonist but as a supporting character or even a throwaway reference. These include Pyramids (Djelibeybi), Small Gods (Omnia), and Monstrous Regiment (Zlobenia and Borogravia).

Characters

Short descriptions of many of the notable characters:

Bibliography

Novels

No. Title Published Subseries Notes
1 The Colour of Magic 1983 Rincewind 93rd in the Big Read.
2 The Light Fantastic 1986 Continues from The Colour of Magic
3 Equal Rites 1987 Witches
4 Mort Death 65th in the Big Read
5 Sourcery 1988 Rincewind
6 Wyrd Sisters Witches 135th in the Big Read
7 Pyramids 1989 Djelibeybi British Science Fiction Award winner, 1989[5]
8 Guards! Guards! City Watch 69th in the Big Read
9 Eric 1990 Rincewind Published in a larger format and fully illustrated by Josh Kirby
10 Moving Pictures Industrial Revolution
11 Reaper Man 1991 Death 126th in the Big Read
12 Witches Abroad Witches 197th in the Big Read
13 Small Gods 1992 Omnia 102nd in the Big Read
14 Lords and Ladies Witches
15 Men at Arms 1993 City Watch 148th in the Big Read
16 Soul Music 1994 Death 151st in the Big Read
17 Interesting Times Rincewind
18 Maskerade 1995 Witches
19 Feet of Clay 1996 City Watch
20 Hogfather Death 137th in the Big Read; British Fantasy Award nominee, 1997[6]
21 Jingo 1997 City Watch
22 The Last Continent 1998 Rincewind
23 Carpe Jugulum Witches
24 The Fifth Elephant 1999 City Watch 153rd in the Big Read; Locus Fantasy Award nominee, 2000[7]
25 The Truth 2000 Industrial Revolution 193rd in the Big Read
26 Thief of Time 2001 Death 152nd in the Big Read; Locus Award nominee, 2002[8]
27 The Last Hero Rincewind Published in a larger format and fully illustrated by Paul Kidby
28 The Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents Überwald A YA (young adult or children's) Discworld book; winner of the 2001 Carnegie Medal
29 Night Watch 2002 City Watch Received the Prometheus Award in 2003; came 73rd in the Big Read; Locus Award nominee, 2003[9]
30 The Wee Free Men 2003 Tiffany Aching The second YA Discworld book; also published in larger format and fully illustrated by Stephen Player
31 Monstrous Regiment Industrial Revolution 2004 nominee for Locus Award for Best Fantasy Novel.[10] The title is a reference to The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstruous Regiment of Women[11]
32 A Hat Full of Sky 2004 Tiffany Aching The third YA Discworld book
33 Going Postal Moist von Lipwig Locus and Nebula Awards nominee, 2005[12]
34 Thud! 2005 City Watch Locus Award nominee, 2006[13]
35 Wintersmith 2006 Tiffany Aching The fourth YA book.
36 Making Money 2007 Moist von Lipwig Locus Award winner, Nebula nominee, 2008[14]
37 Unseen Academicals 2009 Rincewind Locus Award Nominee, 2010
38 I Shall Wear Midnight 2010 Tiffany Aching The fifth YA book, Andre Norton winner, 2010[15]
39 Snuff 2011 City Watch Third fastest selling book in first week of publication[16]
40 Raising Steam 2013 Moist von Lipwig
41 The Shepherd's Crown 2015 Tiffany Aching The sixth YA book, Completed mid-2014 and published posthumously in 2015[17]

Short stories

There are also a number of short stories by Pratchett based in the Discworld, including published miscellanea such as the fictional game origins of Thud. All are available in the anthology A Blink of the Screen (2012) as well as in the following locations:

Seven of the short stories or short writings were also collected in a compilation of the majority of Pratchett's known short work named Once More* With Footnotes (2004).

Additionally, another short story "Turntables of the Night" (1989) is set in England but features Death as a character; it is available online and in both anthologies.

"Mapps"

Although Terry Pratchett said, "There are no maps. You can't map a sense of humour,"[22] there are six "Mapps": The Streets of Ankh-Morpork (1993), The Discworld Mapp (1995), A Tourist Guide to Lancre (1998), and Death's Domain (1999). The first two were drawn by Stephen Player, based on plans by Pratchett and Stephen Briggs, the third is a collaboration between Briggs and Kidby, and the last is by Paul Kidby. All also contain booklets written by Pratchett and Briggs. Terry later collaborated with the Discworld Emporium to produce two much larger works, each with the associated map with the book in a folder, The Compleat Ankh-Morpork City Guide (2012) and The Compleat Discworld Atlas (2015).[23]

Science books

Pratchett also collaborated with Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen on four books, using the Discworld to illuminate popular science topics. Each book alternates chapters of a Discworld story and notes on real science related to it. The books are:

  • The Science of Discworld (1999)
  • The Science of Discworld II: The Globe (2002)
  • The Science of Discworld III: Darwin's Watch (2005)
  • The Science of Discworld IV: Judgement Day (2013)

Quiz books

David Langford has compiled two Discworld quiz books:

Diaries

Most years see the release of a Discworld Diary and Discworld Calendar, both usually following a particular theme.

The diaries feature background information about their themes. Some topics are later used in the series; the character of Miss Alice Band first appeared in the Assassins' Guild Yearbook, for example.

The Discworld Almanak – The Year of The Prawn has a similar format and general contents to the diaries.

Other books

Other Discworld publications include:

Reading order

The books take place roughly in real time and the characters' ages change to reflect the passing of years. The meetings of various characters from different narrative threads (e.g., Ridcully and Granny Weatherwax in Lords and Ladies, Rincewind and Carrot in The Last Hero) indicate that all the main storylines take place around the same period (end of the Century of the Fruitbat, beginning of the Century of the Anchovy). The main exception is the stand-alone book Small Gods, which appears to take place at some point earlier than most of the other stories, though even this contains cameo appearances by Death and the Librarian.

Some main characters may make cameo appearances in other books where they are not the primary focus; for example, City Watch members Carrot Ironfoundersson and Angua appear briefly in Going Postal, Making Money, and Unseen Academicals (placing those books after Guards! Guards! and Men at Arms). A number of characters, such as members of staff of Unseen University and Lord Vetinari, appear prominently in many different storylines without having specific storylines of their own.

Continuation

After Terry Pratchett was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, he said that he would be happy for his daughter Rhianna to continue the series.[28] Rhianna Pratchett said that she would only be involved in spin-offs, adaptations and tie-ins, and that there would be no more novels.[29]

Adaptations

Audio books

Most of Pratchett's novels have been released as audio cassette and CD audiobooks.

  • Unabridged recordings of books 1–23 in the above list, except for books 3, 6 and 9, are read by Nigel Planer. Books 3 and 6 are read by Celia Imrie. Book 9 and most of the books from 24 onward are read by Stephen Briggs.
  • Abridged versions are read by Tony Robinson.[30]
  • Fantastic Audio also recorded two Discworld novels: Thief of Time[31] and Night Watch.[32]

Comics

The Colour of Magic, The Light Fantastic,[33] Mort,[34] and Guards! Guards!,[35] Small Gods[36] have been adapted into graphic novels.

Film and television

Due in part to the complexity of the novels, Discworld has been difficult to adapt to film – Pratchett was fond of an anecdote of a producer attempting to pitch an adaptation of Mort in the early 1990s but was told to "lose the Death angle" by US backers.[37]

The adaptations include:

Planned adaptations include:

  • Troll Bridge: Australian group Snowgum Films is working on animated film as of 2016.[43]
  • The Wee Free Men: initially conceived as a film adaptation of The Wee Free Men directed by Sam Raimi for Sony Pictures and announced in 2006.[44][45] Terry Pratchett did not like the script.[46] On 1 November 2013, Rhianna Pratchett announced on Twitter that she was adapting The Wee Free Men into a feature-length film.[47] In 2016 Narrativia confirmed the film would be co-produced with The Jim Henson Company.[46][48]
  • The Watch: a TV series based on the Ankh-Morpork City Watch, The Watch was in development by Terry and then Rhianna Pratchett since 2011.[49][50] It was greenlit as an eight-episode series by BBC America in October 2018, with Simon Allen as writer and Hilary Salmon, Ben Donald, Rob Wilkins and Phil Collinson as executive producers.[51][52]

Radio

There have been several BBC radio adaptations of Discworld stories, including:

Stage

  • Stephen Briggs published stage adaptations of 18 Discworld novels. Most of them were first produced by the Studio Theatre Club in Abingdon, Oxfordshire. They include adaptations of The Truth, Maskerade, Mort, Wyrd Sisters and Guards! Guards![59][60]
  • Irana Brown directed her adaptation of Lords and Ladies, first performed in 1995 at the Winton Studio Theatre. Her adaptation was published in 2001 by Samuel French, and is still being performed as of 2016.[61][62]
  • A stage version of Eric, adapted by Scott Harrison and Lee Harris, was produced and performed by The Dreaming Theatre Company in July 2003 inside Clifford's Tower, the 700-year-old castle keep in York.[63][64] It was revived in 2004 in a tour of England,[65] along with Robert Rankin's The Antipope.
  • Small Gods was adapted for the stage by Ben Saunders and was performed in February 2011 at the Assembly Rooms Theatre, Durham by Ooook! Productions[66] and members of Durham Student Theatre. Ooook! Productions also adapted and staged[67] Terry Pratchett's Night Watch (February 2012), Thief of Time (February 2013; adapted by Tim Foster[68]), Lords and Ladies (February 2014, adapted by Irana Brown[69]), Monstrous Regiment (2015),[70] and Soul Music (February 2016; adapted by Imogen Eddleston).[71]
  • A stage version of Monstrous Regiment was produced by Lifeline Theatre in Chicago, Illinois in June, July, and August 2014 with an adaptation written by one of Lifeline's ensemble members, Chris Hainsworth.[72]
  • A stage musical version of Witches Abroad, adapted by Amy Atha-Nicholls, was performed at the 2016 International Discworld Convention.

Merchandise

Various other types of related merchandise have been produced by cottage industries with an interest in the books, including Stephen Briggs, Bernard Pearson, Bonsai Trading, Paul Kidby and Clarecraft.

Board games

  • The board game Thud (2002) was created by puzzle compiler Trevor Truran.
  • Guards! Guards! A Discworld Boardgame (2011) was created by designers Leonard Boyd & David Brashaw (Backspindle Games) and published by Z-Man Games. The first copies went on sale on 8 July 2011.[73]
  • Discworld: Ankh-Morpork (2011) was designed by Martin Wallace and released by Treefrog Games in three editions, each with different content and different game boards.[74] A follow-up game called The Witches, also by Wallace, was released by Treefrog in September 2013.[75]
  • Clacks (2015) was released by Blackspindle Games. The game artwork was created by Amber Grundy.[76]

Card game

Miniature figures

  • A selection of figures has been produced by Micro Art Studio.[77]

Musical releases

  • Dave Greenslade: Terry Pratchett's From the Discworld (1994; Virgin CDV 2738.7243 8 39512 2 2).[78]
  • Keith Hopwood: Soul Music — Terry Pratchett's Discworld, (1998; Proper Music Distribution / Pluto Music TH 030746), soundtrack to the animated adaptation of Soul Music.
  • Steeleye Span: Wintersmith, (2013; Park Records), a collection of folk-rock songs based on the book Wintersmith and on other Tiffany Aching stories. There is a spoken contribution by Terry Pratchett.

Role-playing games

Pratchett co-authored with Phil Masters two role-playing game supplements for Discworld, utilising the GURPS system:

Video games

Twin cities

Several Discworld locations have been twinned with real world towns and cities. Wincanton, in Somerset, UK, for example is twinned with Ankh-Morpork, and the town is the first to name streets after their fictional equivalents.[79][80]

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Terry and Rob". Twitter. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  3. ^ Terry Pratchett (30 July 1992). "Chapters". Newsgroupalt.fan.pratchett. Usenet: memo.550062@cix.compulink.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2007.
  4. ^ Terry Pratchett (26 September 1993). "Re: Posting to TP". Newsgroupalt.fan.pratchett. Usenet: 749073107snz@unseen.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2007.
  5. ^ "1989 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  6. ^ "1997 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  7. ^ "2000 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  8. ^ "2002 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  9. ^ "2003 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  10. ^ "2004 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
  11. ^ "',Monstrous Regiment', annotations at". Lspace.org. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
  12. ^ "2005 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  13. ^ "2006 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  14. ^ "2008 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  15. ^ "2010 Nebula Awards Winners", Locus Online, 21 May 2011, accessed 22 May 2011.
  16. ^ "Snuff –third fastest selling novel since records began!". Terry Pratchett. 2011-10-30. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  17. ^ "Petition asks Death to bring Sir Terry Pratchett back - BBC Newsbeat". Bbc.co.uk. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  18. ^ "Troll Bridge". Members.fortunecity.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
  19. ^ "The L-Space Web: Theatre of Cruelty". Lspace.org. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  20. ^ "The L-Space Web: Death and What Comes Next". Lspace.org. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
  21. ^ "A collegiate casting-out of devilish devices". 13 May 2005.
  22. ^ Kehe, Jason (12 March 2015). "Remembering Terry Pratchett, a Fantasy Icon". Wired. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  23. ^ https://colinsmythe.co.uk/terry-pratchett/discworld/graphic-art/#maps
  24. ^ Shan, Darren (26 November 2012). "TURTLE RECALL: The Discworld Companion . . . So Far | Ynci the Short-Tempered". Gollancz Blog. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  25. ^ "The Compleat Ankh-Morpork: City Guide". Good Reads. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
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  29. ^ "Terry Pratchett's Discworld series is definitely over as daughter Rhianna rules out future books". The Independent. 12 June 2015.
  30. ^ "10 essential audiobooks you need to listen to". Empire. 17 August 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  31. ^ Rodger Turner. "A Conversation With Stefan Rudnicki". The SF Site. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  32. ^ "NIGHT WATCH by Terry Pratchett Read by Stefan Rudnicki Gabrielle de Cuir Harlan Ellison | Audiobook Review". AudioFile Magazine. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  33. ^ "The Colour of Magic". Comic Vine. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  34. ^ "Mort (1994)". Comic Book DB. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  35. ^ "Guards! Guards! (2000)". Comic Book DB. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  36. ^ Terry Pratchett (21 January 2016). "Something very much to look forward to on 14th July 2016 #smallgodsgraphicnovel @raisegrate". Twitter. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  37. ^ Terry Pratchett (2 November 1992). "DW Film... (was Re: Guards! Guards! play". Newsgroupalt.fan.pratchett. Usenet: memo.725659@cix.compulink.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2007.
  38. ^ "Orange Cow Productions : Short Films". Orangecow.org. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
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  40. ^ "The Stage / News / Sky set for more Pratchett adaptations". 6 March 2012. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
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  44. ^ "Raimi's a Free Man, Spidey helmer signs for new flick". IGN. 10 January 2006.
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Literature

Books
Reviews
Mentions
Details
Bibliographies

External links

Ankh-Morpork

Ankh-Morpork is a fictional city-state which features prominently in Terry Pratchett's Discworld fantasy novels.

Death (Discworld)

Death is a fictional character in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series and a parody of several other personifications of death. Like most Grim Reapers, he is a black-robed skeleton usually carrying a scythe. His jurisdiction is specifically the Discworld itself; he is only a part, or minion, of Azrael, the universal Death. He has been generally used by Pratchett to explore the problems of human existence, and has become more sympathetic throughout the series.

Discworld (video game)

Discworld is a 1995 point-and-click adventure game developed by Teeny Weeny Games and Perfect 10 Productions for MS-DOS, Macintosh, and the Sony PlayStation. A Sega Saturn version was released the following year. The game stars Rincewind the Wizard (voiced by Eric Idle) and is set on Terry Pratchett's Discworld. The plot is based roughly around the events in the book Guards! Guards!, but also borrows elements from other Discworld novels. It involves Rincewind attempting to stop a dragon terrorising the inhabitants of Ankh-Morpork.

The game was developed because the designer Gregg Barnett wanted a large adventure for CD-based systems. A licence was difficult to obtain; Pratchett was reluctant to grant one as he wanted a Discworld game to be developed by a company with a reputation and who cared about the property. An original story was created due to Barnett having difficulty basing games on one book. Discworld was praised for its humour, voice-acting and graphics, though some criticised its gameplay and difficult puzzles. Discworld was followed by a sequel, Discworld II: Missing Presumed...!?, in 1996.

Discworld (world)

The Discworld is the fictional setting for all of Terry Pratchett's Discworld fantasy novels. It consists of a large disc (complete with edge-of-the-world drop-off and consequent waterfall) resting on the backs of four huge elephants which are in turn standing on the back of an enormous turtle, named Great A'Tuin (similar to Chukwa or Akupara from Hindu mythology) as it slowly swims through space.

The Disc has been shown to be heavily influenced by magic and, while Pratchett has given it certain similarities to planet Earth, he has also created his own system of physics for it.

Pratchett first explored the idea of a disc-shaped world in the novel Strata (1981).

Eric (novel)

Eric, stylized as Faust Eric, is the ninth Discworld novel by Terry Pratchett. It was originally published in 1990 as a "Discworld story", in a larger format than the other novels and illustrated by Josh Kirby. It was later reissued as a normal paperback without any illustrations, and in some cases, with the title given on the cover and title pages simply as Eric. (The page headers, however, continued to alternate between Faust and Eric.)

Moving Pictures (novel)

Moving Pictures is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, published in 1990, the tenth book in his Discworld series. The book takes place in Discworld's most famous city, Ankh-Morpork and a hill called "Holy Wood". It is the first Discworld novel to feature Mustrum Ridcully, Archchancellor of Unseen University, as a character.

Night Watch (Discworld)

Night Watch is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, the 29th book in his Discworld series, published in 2002. The protagonist of the novel is Sir Samuel Vimes, commander of the Ankh-Morpork City Watch. A five-part radio adaptation of the novel was broadcast on BBC Radio 4. Night Watch placed second in the annual Locus Poll for best fantasy novel.

Rincewind

Rincewind is a fictional character appearing in several of the Discworld novels by Terry Pratchett. He is a failed student at the Unseen University for wizards in Ankh-Morpork, and is often described by scholars as "the magical equivalent to the number zero". He spends most of his time running away from bands of people who want to kill him for various reasons. The fact that he's still alive and running is explained in that, although he was born with a wizard's spirit, he has the body of a long-distance sprinter. Rincewind is also renowned for being able to solve minor problems by turning them into major disasters. His unique "skill" is implied to be due to being the chosen one of "The Lady", the anthropomorphic personification of luck (both good and bad).

Rincewind was portrayed by David Jason in the film adaption of The Colour of Magic and Pratchett said in an interview that he unwittingly took Rincewind's name from "Churm Rincewind", a fictitious person referred to in early "'Beachcomber" columns in the Daily Express.

Susan Sto Helit

Susan Sto Helit (also spelled Sto-Helit), once referred to as Susan Death, is a fictional character in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series of fantasy novels. She is the "granddaughter" of Death, the Disc's Grim Reaper, and, as such, has "inherited" a number of his abilities. She appeared in three Discworld novels: Soul Music, Hogfather, and Thief of Time. She is also referred to (though not by name) at the end of Mort, when her father invites Death to her christening. She is one of the Discworld series' principal protagonists. Being both human and supernatural, Susan is frequently (and reluctantly) forced away from her "normal" life to do battle with various malign supernatural forces or, barring that, to take on her grandfather's job in his absence. Death tends to employ her in his battles against the Auditors of Reality, particularly in situations where he has no power or influence. As the series progresses, she also begins to take on roles educating children, so that, as Pratchett mentions in The Art of Discworld, she has "ended up, via that unconscious evolution that dogs characters, a kind of Goth Mary Poppins".

Terry Pratchett

Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English author of fantasy novels, especially comical works. He is best known for his Discworld series of 41 novels.

Pratchett's first novel, The Carpet People, was published in 1971. The first Discworld novel, The Colour of Magic, was published in 1983, after which Pratchett wrote an average of two books a year. His 2011 Discworld novel Snuff became the third-fastest-selling hardback adult-readership novel since records began in the UK, selling 55,000 copies in the first three days. The final Discworld novel, The Shepherd's Crown, was published in August 2015, five months after his death.

Pratchett, with more than 85 million books sold worldwide in 37 languages, was the UK's best-selling author of the 1990s. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1998 and was knighted for services to literature in the 2009 New Year Honours. In 2001 he won the annual Carnegie Medal for The Amazing Maurice and his Educated Rodents, the first Discworld book marketed for children. He received the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement in 2010.In December 2007, Pratchett announced that he had been diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer's disease. He later made a substantial public donation to the Alzheimer's Research Trust (now Alzheimer's Research UK), filmed a television programme chronicling his experiences with the condition for the BBC, and also became a patron for Alzheimer's Research UK. Pratchett died on 12 March 2015 aged 66.

The Discworld Companion

The Discworld Companion is an encyclopaedia of the Discworld fictional universe created by Terry Pratchett and Stephen Briggs.The book compiles a precise (and often quoted directly from the books concerned) definition of words, lives of historical people, geography of places and events that have appeared in at least one Discworld novel, map, diary, non-fiction book and the short stories "Troll Bridge", "Theatre of Cruelty", and "The Sea and Little Fishes".

The first edition was published in 1994 and listed information from all the novels up to Soul Music, as well as the first two short stories.

The second edition was published in 1997, and adds information up to Maskerade.

The third edition named The New Discworld Companion was published in 2003. It includes articles about books up to Night Watch, as well as Discworld related books and short stories. The book also contains a 10-page interview with Pratchett titled Discworld Quo Vadis?.

All of them also include information that exists on Pratchett's computer, but that he has not yet worked into a novel (for instance, William de Worde is mentioned in the first edition, six years before the publication of The Truth).

At the end of each article is an abbreviation indicating the book(s) in which the word, person, event or place appeared (if there are too many, then no abbreviation is used). The book also includes an introduction by Stephen Briggs and an interview with Terry Pratchett, both of which have also been "updated" in each edition.

Latest edition of the companion was published on 18 October 2012 and is called Turtle Recall: The Discworld Companion...So Far. It includes information up to, and including, Snuff.

The Science of Discworld

The Science of Discworld is a 1999 book by novelist Terry Pratchett and popular science writers Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen. Three sequels, The Science of Discworld II: The Globe, The Science of Discworld III: Darwin's Watch, and The Science of Discworld IV: Judgement Day, have been written by the same authors.

The book alternates between a typically absurd Discworld story and serious scientific exposition after each chapter.

The cover of the book, designed by Paul Kidby, is a parody of the 1768 painting "An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump" by Joseph Wright of Derby.

Theatre of Cruelty (Discworld)

"Theatre of Cruelty" is a short Discworld story by Terry Pratchett written in 1993. The name derives from a concept of Antonin Artaud (Theatre of Cruelty).

It was originally written for W. H. Smith Bookcase magazine and was then slightly modified and extended, being published again in the programme of the OryCon 15 convention, and then again in The Wizards of Odd, a compilation of fantasy short stories.

It has since been made available on the Internet along with dozens of translations by fans, with Pratchett having stated, "I don't want to see it distributed in print anywhere but don't mind people downloading it for their own enjoyment."

The story involves both the Ankh-Morpork City Watch and a parallel of Punch and Judy.

A murder has been committed: a street entertainer, found apparently battered to death with a very small blunt object, on him bite marks from a very small crocodile. Investigating the incident in his typically direct manner, Carrot Ironfoundersson discovers the death was an accident, the man having choked on a swazzle. It emerges that the entertainer had invented a parallel, live-action version of Punch and Judy, using — and abusing — a troupe of gnomes as the live cast. Carrot asserts that such brutal theatre could never find favour in Ankh-Morpork: "That's not the way to do it".

Unseen University

The Unseen University (UU) is a school of wizardry in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series of fantasy novels. Located in the fictional city of Ankh-Morpork, the UU is staffed by a faculty composed of mostly indolent and inept old wizards. The university's name is a pun on the Invisible College. The exploits of the head wizards of the Unseen University are one of the main plot threads in the long-running fantasy series, and have played a central role in 13 novels to date, as well as the four supplementary Science of Discworld novels and the short story, A Collegiate Casting-Out of Devilish Devices.

Witches (Discworld)

A major subset of the Discworld novels of Terry Pratchett involves the witches of Lancre. They are closely based on witches in British folklore and a slightly tongue-in-cheek reinterpretation of the Triple Goddess.

Witches Abroad

Witches Abroad is the twelfth Discworld novel by Terry Pratchett, originally published in 1991.

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