Discus throw

The discus throw (pronunciation) is a track and field event in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than his or her competitors. It is an ancient sport, as demonstrated by the fifth-century-BC Myron statue, Discobolus. Although not part of the modern pentathlon, it was one of the events of the ancient Greek pentathlon, which can be dated back to at least to 708 BC,[1] and is part of the modern decathlon.

Athletics
Discus throw
Robert Harting (2008)
German 2012 Olympic champion Robert Harting.
Men's records
World Jürgen Schult (GDR) 74.08 m (1986)
Olympic Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) 69.89 m (2004)
Women's records
World Gabriele Reinsch (GDR) 76.80 m (1988)
Olympic Martina Hellmann (GDR) 72.30 m (1988)

History

Diskuskastare Gbg - Alkamenes
Modern copy of the Diskophoros, attributed to Alkamenes

The sport of throwing the discus traces back to it being an event in the original Olympic Games of Ancient Greece. The discus as a sport was resurrected in Magdeburg, Germany, by Christian Georg Kohlrausch and his students in the 1870s. Organized Men's competition was resumed in the late 19th century, and has been a part of the modern Summer Olympic Games since the first modern competition, the 1896 Summer Olympics. Images of discus throwers figured prominently in advertising for early modern Games, such as fundraising stamps for the 1896 games, the main posters for the 1920 and 1948 Summer Olympics. Today the sport of discus is a routine part of modern track-and-field meets at all levels, and retains a particularly iconic place in the Olympic Games.

1920 olympics poster
The main poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics

The first modern athlete to throw the discus while rotating the whole body was František Janda-Suk from Bohemia (present Czech Republic). He invented this technique when studying the position of the famous statue of Discobolus. After only one year of developing the technique he earned a silver medal in the 1900 Olympics.

Women's competition began in the first decades of the 20th century. Following competition at national and regional levels it was added to the Olympic program for the 1928 games.

Description

Discobolus Kleomelos Louvre G111
Discus-thrower, tondo of a kylix by the Kleomelos Painter, Louvre Museum

The men's discus is a heavy lenticular disc with a weight of 2 kilograms (4.4 lb) and diameter of 22 centimetres (8.7 in), the women's discus has a weight of 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) and diameter of 18 centimetres (7.1 in).

Under IAAF (international) rules, Youth boys (16–17 years) throw the 1.6 kilograms (3.5 lb) discus, the Junior men (18–19 years) throw the unique 1.75 kilograms (3.9 lb) discus, and the girls/women of those ages throw the 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) discus.

In international competition, men throw the 2 kg discus through to age 49. The 1.5 kilograms (3.3 lb) discus is thrown by ages 50–59, and men age 60 and beyond throw the 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) discus. Women throw the 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) discus through to age 74. Starting with age 75, women throw the 0.75 kilograms (1.7 lb) discus.

The typical discus has sides made of plastic, wood, fiberglass, carbon fiber or metal with a metal rim and a metal core to attain the weight. The rim must be smooth, with no roughness or finger holds. A discus with more weight in the rim produces greater angular momentum for any given spin rate, and thus more stability, although it is more difficult to throw. However, a higher rim weight, if thrown correctly, can lead to a farther throw. A solid rubber discus is sometimes used (see in the United States).

To make a throw, the competitor starts in a circle of 2.5 m (8 ft 2 14 in) diameter, which is recessed in a concrete pad by 20 millimetres (0.79 in). The thrower typically takes an initial stance facing away from the direction of the throw. He then spins anticlockwise (for right-handers) around one and a half times through the circle to build momentum, then releases his throw. The discus must land within a 34.92-degree sector. The rules of competition for discus are virtually identical to those of shot put, except that the circle is larger, a stop board is not used and there are no form rules concerning how the discus is to be thrown.

The basic motion is a forehanded sidearm movement. The discus is spun off the index finger or the middle finger of the throwing hand. In flight the disc spins clockwise when viewed from above for a right-handed thrower, and anticlockwise for a left-handed thrower. As well as achieving maximum momentum in the discus on throwing, the discus' distance is also determined by the trajectory the thrower imparts, as well as the aerodynamic behavior of the discus. Generally, throws into a moderate headwind achieve the maximum distance. Also, a faster-spinning discus imparts greater gyroscopic stability. The technique of discus throwing is quite difficult to master and needs lots of experience to get right, thus most top throwers are 30 years old or more.

Phases

The discus technique can be broken down into phases. The purpose is to transfer from the back to the front of the throwing circle while turning through one and a half circles. The speed of delivery is high, and speed is built up during the throw (slow to fast). Correct technique involves the buildup of torque so that maximum force can be applied to the discus on delivery.

DiscusRutgerSmith6551
World and European champion Rutger Smith in phases of the discus throw

During the wind-up, weight is evenly distributed between the feet, which are about shoulder distance and not overly active. The wind-up sets the tone for the entire throw; the rhythm of the throw is very important.

Focusing on rhythm can bring about the consistency to get in the right positions that many throwers lack. Executing a sound discus throw with solid technique requires perfect balance. This is due to the throw being a linear movement combined with a one and a half rotation and an implement at the end of one arm. Thus, a good discus thrower needs to maintain balance within the circle.[2]

For a right handed thrower, the next stage is to move the weight over the left foot. From this position the right foot is raised, and the athlete 'runs' across the circle. There are various techniques for this stage where the leg swings out to a small or great extent, some athletes turn on their left heel (e.g. Ilke Wylluda[3]) but turning on the ball of the foot is far more common.

The aim is to land in the 'power position', the right foot should be in the center and the heel should not touch the ground at any point. The left foot should land very quickly after the right. Weight should be mostly over the back foot with as much torque as possible in the body—so the right arm is high and far back. This is very hard to achieve.[4]

The critical stage is the delivery of the discus, from this 'power position' the hips drive through hard, and will be facing the direction of the throw on delivery. Athletes employ various techniques to control the end-point and recover from the throw, such as fixing feet (to pretty much stop dead[3]), or an active reverse spinning onto the left foot (e.g. Virgilijus Alekna[5]).

Sports scientist Richard Ganslen researched the Aerodynamics of the Discus, reporting the discus will stall at an angle of 29°.[6]

Culture

The discus throw has been the subject of a number of well-known ancient Greek statues and Roman copies such as the Discobolus and Discophoros. The discus throw also appears repeatedly in ancient Greek mythology, featured as a means of manslaughter in the cases of Hyacinth, Crocus, Phocus, and Acrisius, and as a named event in the funeral games of Patroclus.

Discus throwers have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. One of the recent samples is the €10 Greek Discus commemorative coin, minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. On the obverse of the coin a modern athlete is seen in the foreground in a half-turned position, while in the background an ancient discus thrower has been captured in a lively bending motion, with the discus high above his head, creating a vivid representation of the sport.

United States

In U.S. high school track and field, boys typically throw a discus weighing 1.6 kg (3 lb 9 oz) and the girls throw the 1 kg (2.2 lb) women's discus. Under USATF Youth rules, boys throw the 1 kg discus between the ages of 11–14, and transition to the 1.6 kg discus as 15- to 18-year-olds. Girls throw the 1 kg discus as 11- to 18-year-olds.

Under US high school rules, if a discus hits the surrounding safety cage and is deflected into the sector, it is ruled a foul. In contrast, under IAAF, WMA, NCAA and USATF rules, it is ruled a legal throw. Additionally, under US high school rules, distances thrown are rounded down to the nearest whole inch, rather than the nearest centimetre.

US high school rules allow the use of a solid rubber discus; it is cheaper and easier to learn to throw (due to its more equal distribution of weight, as opposed to the heavy rim weight of the metal rim/core discus), but less durable. However, there are a vast variety of metal discuses to choose from. The weight is not always distributed into the rim of metal discuses as there are four categories that the discs are sold in; center weighted, low spin, high spin, and very high spin. Center weighted discs carry 50-60% of their weight in the rims and are intended for beginner throwers just as rubber discs are. [7]

All-time top 25 discus throwers

  • Correct as of July 2017.[8][9]

Men

Rank Mark Athlete Venue Date Ref
1 74.08 m (243 ft 12 in)  Jürgen Schult (GDR) Neubrandenburg 6 June 1986
2 73.88 m (242 ft 4 12 in)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) Kaunas 3 August 2000
3 73.38 m (240 ft 8 34 in)  Gerd Kanter (EST) Helsingborg 4 September 2006
4 71.86 m (235 ft 9 in)  Yuriy Dumchev (URS) Moscow 29 May 1983
5 71.84 m (235 ft 8 14 in)  Piotr Małachowski (POL) Hengelo 8 June 2013
6 71.70 m (235 ft 2 34 in)  Róbert Fazekas (HUN) Szombathely 14 July 2002
7 71.50 m (234 ft 6 34 in)  Lars Riedel (GER) Wiesbaden 3 May 1997
8 71.32 m (233 ft 11 34 in)  Ben Plucknett (USA) Eugene 4 June 1983
9 71.29 m (233 ft 10 12 in)  Daniel Ståhl (SWE) Sollentuna 29 June 2017 [10]
10 71.26 m (233 ft 9 12 in)  John Powell (USA) San Jose 9 June 1984
71.26 m (233 ft 9 12 in)  Rickard Bruch (SWE) Malmö 15 November 1984
71.26 m (233 ft 9 12 in)  Imrich Bugár (TCH) San Jose, CA 25 May 1985
13 71.18 m (233 ft 6 14 in)  Art Burns (USA) San Jose 19 July 1983
14 71.16 m (233 ft 5 12 in)  Wolfgang Schmidt (GDR) Berlin 9 August 1978
15 71.14 m (233 ft 4 34 in)  Anthony Washington (USA) Salinas 22 May 1996
16 71.06 m (233 ft 1 12 in)  Luis Delís (CUB) Havana 21 May 1983
17 70.98 m (232 ft 10 14 in)  Mac Wilkins (USA) Helsinki 9 July 1980
18 70.82 m (232 ft 4 in)  Aleksander Tammert (EST) Denton 15 April 2006
19 70.66 m (231 ft 9 34 in)  Robert Harting (GER) Turnov 22 May 2012
20 70.54 m (231 ft 5 in)  Dmitriy Shevchenko (RUS) Krasnodar 7 May 2002
21 70.38 m (230 ft 10 34 in)  Jay Silvester (USA) Lancaster 16 May 1971
22 70.32 m (230 ft 8 12 in)  Frantz Kruger (RSA) Salon-de-Provence 26 May 2002
23 70.06 m (229 ft 10 14 in)  Romas Ubartas (LTU) Smalininkai 8 May 1988
24 70.00 m (229 ft 7 34 in)  Juan Martínez (CUB) Havana 21 May 1983
25 69.95 m (229 ft 5 34 in)  Zoltán Kővágó (HUN) Salon-de-Provence 25 May 2006

Non-Legal Marks

  • Ben Plucknett also threw a world record of 72.34 on 7 July 1981 in Stockholm, but this performance was annulled due to doping offense.
  • Rickard Bruch also threw 72.18 on 23 July 1974 at an exhibition meeting in Piteå.
  • John Powell also threw 72.08 on 11 September 1987 in Klagshamn, but the throw was made onto a sloping/downhill sector.
  • Kamy Keshmiri threw 70.84 on 27 May 1992 in Salinas, but this performance was annulled due to doping offense.

Images

BASA-3K-7-422-22-Robert Garrett throwing the discus at 1896 Summer Olympics

Robert Garrett, Gold Medalist in both the discus and shot put at the 1896 Summer Olympics

Osaka07 D4A Gerd Kanter Lastatt

2007 World Gold Medalist Gerd Kanter in Osaka

Women

Rank Mark Athlete Date Place Ref
1 76.80 m (251 ft 11 12 in)  Gabriele Reinsch (GDR) 9 July 1988 Neubrandenburg
2 74.56 m (244 ft 7 14 in)  Zdeňka Šilhavá (TCH) 26 August 1984 Nitra
74.56 m (244 ft 7 14 in)  Ilke Wyludda (GDR) 23 July 1989 Neubrandenburg
4 74.08 m (243 ft 12 in)  Diana Sachse (GDR) 20 June 1987 Karl-Marx-Stadt
5 73.84 m (242 ft 3 in)  Daniela Costian (ROU) 30 April 1988 Bucharest
6 73.36 m (240 ft 8 in)  Irina Meszynski (GDR) 17 August 1984 Prague
7 73.28 m (240 ft 5 in)  Galina Savinkova (URS) 8 September 1984 Donetsk
8 73.22 m (240 ft 2 12 in)  Tsvetanka Khristova (BUL) 19 April 1987 Kazanlak
9 73.10 m (239 ft 9 34 in)  Gisela Beyer (GDR) 20 July 1984 Berlin
10 72.92 m (239 ft 2 34 in)  Martina Hellmann (GDR) 20 August 1987 Potsdam
11 72.14 m (236 ft 8 in)  Galina Murashova (URS) 17 August 1984 Prague
12 71.80 m (235 ft 6 34 in)  Mariya Vergova (BUL) 13 July 1980 Sofia
13 71.68 m (235 ft 2 in)  Xiao Yanling (CHN) 14 March 1992 Beijing
14 71.58 m (234 ft 10 in)  Ellina Zvereva (URS) 12 June 1988 Leningrad
15 71.50 m (234 ft 6 34 in)  Evelin Jahl (GDR) 10 May 1980 Potsdam
16 71.41 m (234 ft 3 14 in)  Sandra Perković (CRO) 18 July 2017 Bellinzona [11]
17 71.30 m (233 ft 11 in)  Larisa Korotkevich (RUS) 29 May 1992 Sochi
18 71.22 m (233 ft 7 34 in)  Ria Stalman (NED) 15 July 1984 Walnut
19 70.88 m (232 ft 6 12 in)  Hilda Ramos (CUB) 8 May 1992 Havana
20 70.80 m (232 ft 3 14 in)  Larisa Mikhalchenko (URS) 18 June 1988 Kharkov
21 70.68 m (231 ft 10 12 in)  Maritza Martén (CUB) 18 July 1992 Sevilla
22 70.65 m (231 ft 9 14 in)  Denia Caballero (CUB) 20 June 2015 Bilbao [12]
23 70.50 m (231 ft 3 12 in)  Faina Melnik (URS) 24 April 1976 Sochi
24 70.34 m (230 ft 9 14 in)  Silvia Madetzky (GDR) 16 May 1988 Athens
25 70.02 m (229 ft 8 12 in)  Natalya Sadova (RUS) 23 June 1999 Thessaloniki

Notes

Below is a list of throws equal or superior to 72.94m:

Non-Legal Marks

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
Robert Garrett
 United States
Panagiotis Paraskevopoulos
 Greece
Sotirios Versis
 Greece
1900 Paris
Rudolf Bauer
 Hungary
František Janda-Suk
 Bohemia
Richard Sheldon
 United States
1904 St. Louis
Martin Sheridan
 United States
Ralph Rose
 United States
Nikolaos Georgantas
 Greece
1908 London
Martin Sheridan
 United States
Merritt Giffin
 United States
Bill Horr
 United States
1912 Stockholm
Armas Taipale
 Finland
Richard Byrd
 United States
James Duncan
 United States
1920 Antwerp
Elmer Niklander
 Finland
Armas Taipale
 Finland
Gus Pope
 United States
1924 Paris
Bud Houser
 United States
Vilho Niittymaa
 Finland
Thomas Lieb
 United States
1928 Amsterdam
Bud Houser
 United States
Antero Kivi
 Finland
James Corson
 United States
1932 Los Angeles
John Anderson
 United States
Henri LaBorde
 United States
Paul Winter
 France
1936 Berlin
Ken Carpenter
 United States
Gordon Dunn
 United States
Giorgio Oberweger
 Italy
1948 London
Adolfo Consolini
 Italy
Giuseppe Tosi
 Italy
Fortune Gordien
 United States
1952 Helsinki
Sim Iness
 United States
Adolfo Consolini
 Italy
James Dillion
 United States
1956 Melbourne
Al Oerter
 United States
Fortune Gordien
 United States
Des Koch
 United States
1960 Rome
Al Oerter
 United States
Rink Babka
 United States
Dick Cochran
 United States
1964 Tokyo
Al Oerter
 United States
Ludvík Daněk
 Czechoslovakia
Dave Weill
 United States
1968 Mexico City
Al Oerter
 United States
Lothar Milde
 East Germany
Ludvík Daněk
 Czechoslovakia
1972 Munich
Ludvík Daněk
 Czechoslovakia
Jay Silvester
 United States
Ricky Bruch
 Sweden
1976 Montreal
Mac Wilkins
 United States
Wolfgang Schmidt
 East Germany
John Powell
 United States
1980 Moscow
Viktor Rashchupkin
 Soviet Union
Imrich Bugár
 Czechoslovakia
Luis Delís
 Cuba
1984 Los Angeles
Rolf Danneberg
 West Germany
Mac Wilkins
 United States
John Powell
 United States
1988 Seoul
Jürgen Schult
 East Germany
Romas Ubartas
 Soviet Union
Rolf Danneberg
 West Germany
1992 Barcelona
Romas Ubartas
 Lithuania
Jürgen Schult
 Germany
Roberto Moya
 Cuba
1996 Atlanta
Lars Riedel
 Germany
Vladimir Dubrovshchik
 Belarus
Vasiliy Kaptyukh
 Belarus
2000 Sydney
Virgilijus Alekna
 Lithuania
Lars Riedel
 Germany
Frantz Kruger
 South Africa
2004 Athens
Virgilijus Alekna
 Lithuania
Zoltán Kővágó
 Hungary
Aleksander Tammert
 Estonia
2008 Beijing
Gerd Kanter
 Estonia
Piotr Małachowski
 Poland
Virgilijus Alekna
 Lithuania
2012 London
Robert Harting
 Germany
Ehsan Haddadi
 Iran
Gerd Kanter
 Estonia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
Christoph Harting
 Germany
Piotr Małachowski
 Poland
Daniel Jasinski
 Germany

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
Halina Konopacka
 Poland
Lillian Copeland
 United States
Ruth Svedberg
 Sweden
1932 Los Angeles
Lillian Copeland
 United States
Ruth Osburn
 United States
Jadwiga Wajs
 Poland
1936 Berlin
Gisela Mauermayer
 Germany
Jadwiga Wajs
 Poland
Paula Mollenhauer
 Germany
1948 London
Micheline Ostermeyer
 France
Edera Gentile
 Italy
Jacqueline Mazéas
 France
1952 Helsinki
Nina Romashkova
 Soviet Union
Yelisaveta Bagriantseva
 Soviet Union
Nina Dumbadze
 Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
Olga Fikotová
 Czechoslovakia
Irina Beglyakova
 Soviet Union
Nina Romashkova
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome
Nina Romashkova
 Soviet Union
Tamara Press
 Soviet Union
Lia Manoliu
 Romania
1964 Tokyo
Tamara Press
 Soviet Union
Ingrid Lotz
 United Team of Germany
Lia Manoliu
 Romania
1968 Mexico City
Lia Manoliu
 Romania
Liesel Westermann
 West Germany
Jolán Kleiber-Kontsek
 Hungary
1972 Munich
Faina Melnyk
 Soviet Union
Argentina Menis
 Romania
Vasilka Stoeva
 Bulgaria
1976 Montreal
Evelin Schlaak
 East Germany
Mariya Vergova
 Bulgaria
Gabriele Hinzmann
 East Germany
1980 Moscow
Evelin Jahl
 East Germany
Mariya Petkova
 Bulgaria
Tatyana Lesovaya
 Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
Ria Stalman
 Netherlands
Leslie Deniz
 United States
Florența Crăciunescu
 Romania
1988 Seoul
Martina Hellmann
 East Germany
Diana Gansky
 East Germany
Tsvetanka Khristova
 Bulgaria
1992 Barcelona
Maritza Martén
 Cuba
Tsvetanka Khristova
 Bulgaria
Daniela Costian
 Australia
1996 Atlanta
Ilke Wyludda
 Germany
Natalya Sadova
 Russia
Ellina Zvereva
 Belarus
2000 Sydney
Ellina Zvereva
 Belarus
Anastasia Kelesidou
 Greece
Iryna Yatchenko
 Belarus
2004 Athens
Natalya Sadova
 Russia
Anastasia Kelesidou
 Greece
Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová
 Czech Republic[13]
2008 Beijing
Stephanie Brown Trafton
 United States
Yarelys Barrios
 Cuba
Olena Antonova
 Ukraine
2012 London
Sandra Perković
 Croatia
Li Yanfeng
 China
Yarelys Barrios
 Cuba
2016 Rio de Janeiro
Sandra Perković
 Croatia
Mélina Robert-Michon
 France
Denia Caballero
 Cuba

World Championships medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Imrich Bugár (TCH)  Luis Delís (CUB)  Géjza Valent (TCH)
1987 Rome
 Jürgen Schult (GDR)  John Powell (USA)  Luis Delís (CUB)
1991 Tokyo
 Lars Riedel (GER)  Erik de Bruin (NED)  Attila Horváth (HUN)
1993 Stuttgart
 Lars Riedel (GER)  Dmitry Shevchenko (RUS)  Jürgen Schult (GER)
1995 Gothenburg
 Lars Riedel (GER)  Vladimir Dubrovshchik (BLR)  Vasiliy Kaptyukh (BLR)
1997 Athens
 Lars Riedel (GER)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU)  Jürgen Schult (GER)
1999 Seville
 Anthony Washington (USA)  Jürgen Schult (GER)  Lars Riedel (GER)
2001 Edmonton
 Lars Riedel (GER)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU)  Michael Möllenbeck (GER)
2003 Saint-Denis
 Virgilijus Alekna (LTU)  Róbert Fazekas (HUN)  Vasiliy Kaptyukh (BLR)
2005 Helsinki
 Virgilijus Alekna (LTU)  Gerd Kanter (EST)  Michael Möllenbeck (GER)
2007 Osaka
 Gerd Kanter (EST)  Robert Harting (GER)  Rutger Smith (NED)
2009 Berlin
 Robert Harting (GER)  Piotr Małachowski (POL)  Gerd Kanter (EST)
2011 Daegu
 Robert Harting (GER)  Gerd Kanter (EST)  Ehsan Haddadi (IRI)
2013 Moscow
 Robert Harting (GER)  Piotr Małachowski (POL)  Gerd Kanter (EST)
2015 Beijing
 Piotr Małachowski (POL)  Philip Milanov (BEL)  Robert Urbanek (POL)
2017 London
 Andrius Gudžius (LTU)  Daniel Ståhl (SWE)  Mason Finley (USA)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Martina Opitz (GDR)  Galina Murašova (URS)  Mariya Petkova (BUL)
1987 Rome
 Martina Hellmann (GDR)  Diana Gansky (GDR)  Tsvetanka Khristova (BUL)
1991 Tokyo
 Tsvetanka Khristova (BUL)  Ilke Wyludda (GER)  Larisa Mikhalchenko (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
 Olga Chernyavskaya (RUS)  Daniela Costian (AUS)  Min Chunfeng (CHN)
1995 Gothenburg
 Ellina Zvereva (BLR)  Ilke Wyludda (GER)  Olga Chernyavskaya (RUS)
1997 Athens
 Beatrice Faumuina (NZL)  Ellina Zvereva (BLR)  Natalya Sadova (RUS)
1999 Seville
 Franka Dietzsch (GER)  Anastasia Kelesidou (GRE)  Nicoleta Grasu (ROU)
2001 Edmonton
 Ellina Zvereva (BLR)  Nicoleta Grasu (ROU)  Anastasia Kelesidou (GRE)
2003 Saint-Denis
 Iryna Yatchenko (BLR)  Anastasia Kelesidou (GRE)  Ekaterini Voggoli (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
 Franka Dietzsch (GER)  Natalya Sadova (RUS)  Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová (CZE)
2007 Osaka
 Franka Dietzsch (GER)  Yarelis Barrios (CUB)  Nicoleta Grasu (ROU)
2009 Berlin
 Dani Samuels (AUS)  Yarelis Barrios (CUB)  Nicoleta Grasu (ROU)
2011 Daegu
 Li Yanfeng (CHN)  Nadine Müller (GER)  Yarelis Barrios (CUB)
2013 Moscow
 Sandra Perković (CRO)  Mélina Robert-Michon (FRA)  Yarelis Barrios (CUB)
2015 Beijing
 Denia Caballero (CUB)  Sandra Perković (CRO)  Nadine Müller (GER)
2017 London
 Sandra Perković (CRO)  Dani Stevens (AUS)  Mélina Robert-Michon (FRA)

Season's bests

Men

Year Distance Athlete Location
1968 68.40 m (224 ft 4 34 in)  Jay Silvester (USA) Reno
1969 68.06 m (223 ft 3 12 in)  Rickard Bruch (SWE) Malmo
1970 67.14 m (220 ft 3 14 in)  Rickard Bruch (SWE) Malmo
1971 70.38 m (230 ft 10 34 in)  Jay Silvester (USA) Lancaster
1972 68.40 m (224 ft 4 34 in)  Rickard Bruch (SWE) Stockholm
1973 67.58 m (221 ft 8 12 in)  Rickard Bruch (SWE) Skellefteå
1974 68.16 m (223 ft 7 14 in)  Rickard Bruch (SWE) Helsingborg
1975 69.08 m (226 ft 7 12 in)  John Powell (USA) Long Beach
1976 70.86 m (232 ft 5 34 in)  Mac Wilkins (USA) San Jose
1977 69.20 m (227 ft 14 in)  Mac Wilkins (USA) Westwood
1978 71.16 m (233 ft 5 12 in)  Wolfgang Schmidt (GER) Berlin
1979 70.66 m (231 ft 9 34 in)  Mac Wilkins (USA) Walnut
1980 70.98 m (232 ft 10 14 in)  Mac Wilkins (USA) Erfurt
1981 69.98 m (229 ft 7 in)  John Powell (USA) Modesto
1982 70.58 m (231 ft 6 12 in)  Luis Delís (CUB) Salinas
1983 71.86 m (235 ft 9 in)  Yuriy Dumchev (RUS) Moskva
1984 71.26 m (233 ft 9 12 in)  John Powell (USA) San Jose
1985 71.26 m (233 ft 9 12 in)  Imrich Bugár (TCH) San Jose
1986 74.08 m (243 ft 12 in)  Jürgen Schult (GER) Neubrandenburg
1987 69.52 m (228 ft 1 in)  Jürgen Schult (GER) Neubrandenburg
1988 70.46 m (231 ft 2 in)  Jürgen Schult (GDR) Berlin
1989 70.92 m (232 ft 8 in)  Wolfgang Schmidt (GER) Norden
1990 68.94 m (226 ft 2 in)  Romas Ubartas (LTU) Smalininkai
1991 69.36 m (227 ft 6 12 in)  Mike Buncic (USA) Fresno
1992 69.04 m (226 ft 6 in)  Jürgen Schult (GER) Halle
1993 68.42 m (224 ft 5 12 in)  Lars Riedel (GER) Jena
1994 68.58 m (225 ft 0 in)  Attila Horváth (HUN) Budapest
1995 69.08 m (226 ft 7 12 in)  Lars Riedel (GER) Bellinzona; Monaco
1996 71.14 m (233 ft 4 34 in)  Anthony Washington (USA) Salinas
1997 71.50 m (234 ft 6 34 in)  Lars Riedel (GER) Wiesbaden
1998 69.91 m (229 ft 4 14 in)  John Godina (USA) Salinas
1999 69.18 m (226 ft 11 12 in)  Lars Riedel (GER) Jena
2000 73.88 m (242 ft 4 12 in)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) Kaunas
2001 70.99 m (232 ft 10 34 in)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) Stellenbosch
2002 71.70 m (235 ft 2 34 in)  Róbert Fazekas (HUN) Szombathely
2003 70.78 m (232 ft 2 12 in)  Róbert Fazekas (HUN) Budapest
2004 70.97 m (232 ft 10 in)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) Rethimno
2005 70.67 m (231 ft 10 14 in)  Virgilijus Alekna (LTU) Madrid
2006 73.38 m (240 ft 8 34 in)  Gerd Kanter (EST) Helsingborg
2007 72.02 m (236 ft 3 14 in)  Gerd Kanter (EST) Salinas
2008 71.88 m (235 ft 9 34 in)  Gerd Kanter (EST) Salinas
2009 71.64 m (235 ft 14 in)  Gerd Kanter (EST) Kohila
2010 71.45 m (234 ft 4 34 in)  Gerd Kanter (EST) Chula Vista
2011 69.50 m (228 ft 0 in)  Zoltán Kővágó (HUN) Budapest
2012 70.66 m (231 ft 9 34 in)  Robert Harting (GER) Turnov
2013 71.84 m (235 ft 8 14 in)  Piotr Malachowski (POL) Hengelo
2014 69.28 m (227 ft 3 12 in)  Piotr Malachowski (POL) Halle
2015 68.29 m (224 ft 12 in)  Piotr Malachowski (POL) Cetniewo
2016 68.72 m (225 ft 5 12 in)  Daniel Ståhl (SWE) Sollentuna
2017 71.29 m (233 ft 10 12 in)  Daniel Ståhl (SWE) Sollentuna
2018 69.72 m (228 ft 8 34 in)  Daniel Ståhl (SWE) Eskilstuna

Women

Year Distance Athlete Location
1968 62.54 m (205 ft 2 in)  Liesel Westermann (FRG) Werdohl
1969 63.96 m (209 ft 10 in)  Liesel Westermann (FRG) Hamburg
1970 63.66 m (208 ft 10 14 in)  Karin Illgen (GDR) Leipzig
1971 64.88 m (212 ft 10 14 in)  Faina Melnik (URS) Munich
1972 67.32 m (220 ft 10 14 in)  Argentina Menis (ROM) Constanta
1973 69.48 m (227 ft 11 14 in)  Faina Melnik (URS) Edinburgh
1974 69.90 m (229 ft 3 34 in)  Faina Melnik (URS) Prague
1975 70.20 m (230 ft 3 34 in)  Faina Melnik (URS) Zürich
1976 70.50 m (231 ft 3 12 in)  Faina Melnik (URS) Sochi
1977 68.92 m (226 ft 1 14 in)  Sabine Engel (GDR) Karl-Marx-Stadt
1978 70.72 m (232 ft 14 in)  Evelin Jahl (GDR) Dresden
1979 69.82 m (229 ft 34 in)  Evelin Jahl (GDR) Leipzig
1980 71.80 m (235 ft 6 34 in)  Maria Petkova (BUL) Sofia
1981 71.46 m (234 ft 5 14 in)  Evelin Jahl (GDR) Berlin
1982 71.40 m (234 ft 3 in)  Irina Meszynski (GDR) Karl-Marx-Stadt
1983 73.26 m (240 ft 4 14 in)  Galina Savinkova (URS) Leselidze
1984 74.56 m (244 ft 7 14 in)  Zdeňka Šilhavá (TCH) Nitra
1985 72.96 m (239 ft 4 14 in)  Galina Savinkova (URS) Erfurt
1986 73.26 m (240 ft 4 14 in)  Diana Gansky (GDR) Neubrandenburg
1987 74.08 m (243 ft 12 in)  Diana Gansky (GDR) Karl-Marx-Stadt
1988 76.80 m (251 ft 11 12 in)  Gabriele Reinsch (GER) Neubrandenburg
1989 74.56 m (244 ft 7 14 in)  Ilke Wyludda (GER) Neubrandenburg
1990 71.10 m (233 ft 3 in)  Ilke Wyludda (GER) Tel Aviv
1991 71.02 m (233 ft 0 in)  Tsvetanka Khristova (BUL) Tokyo
1992 71.68 m (235 ft 2 in)  Xiao Yanling (CHN) Beijing
1993 68.14 m (223 ft 6 12 in)  Larisa Korotkevich (RUS) Venissieux
1994 68.58 m (225 ft 0 in)  Daniela Costian (AUS) Auckland
1995 69.68 m (228 ft 7 14 in)  Mette Bergmann (NOR) Florø
1996 69.66 m (228 ft 6 12 in)  Ilke Wyludda (GER) Atlanta
1997 70.00 m (229 ft 7 34 in)  Xiao Yanling (CHN) Shanghai
1998 68.91 m (226 ft 34 in)  Franka Dietzsch (GER) Stendal
1999 70.02 m (229 ft 8 12 in)  Natalya Sadova (RUS) Thessaloníki
2000 68.70 m (225 ft 4 12 in)  Nicoleta Grasu (ROU) Bucharest
2001 68.57 m (224 ft 11 12 in)  Natalya Sadova (RUS) Edmonton
2002 67.73 m (222 ft 2 12 in)  Natalya Sadova (RUS) Tula
2003 69.38 m (227 ft 7 14 in)  Natalya Sadova (RUS) Halle
2004 69.14 m (226 ft 10 in)  Irina Yatchenko (BLR) Minsk
2005 66.81 m (219 ft 2 14 in)  Vera Cechlová (CZE) Madrid
2006 68.51 m (224 ft 9 in)  Franka Dietzsch (GER) Schönebeck
2007 68.06 m (223 ft 3 12 in)  Franka Dietzsch (GER) Halle
2008 66.51 m (218 ft 2 12 in)  Nicoleta Grasu (ROU) Istanbul
2009 66.40 m (217 ft 10 in)  Li Yanfeng (CHN) Jinan
2010 67.78 m (222 ft 4 12 in)  Nadine Müller (GER) Wiesbaden
2011 67.98 m (223 ft 14 in)  Li Yanfeng (CHN) Schönebeck
2012 69.11 m (226 ft 8 34 in)  Sandra Perkovic (CRO) London
2013 68.96 m (226 ft 2 34 in)  Sandra Perkovic (CRO) Lausanne
2014 71.08 m (233 ft 2 14 in)  Sandra Perkovic (CRO) Zürich
2015 70.65 m (231 ft 9 14 in)  Denia Caballero (CUB) Bilbao
2016 70.88 m (232 ft 6 12 in)  Sandra Perkovic (CRO) Shanghai

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Sports - List of Summer and Winter Olympic Sports". olympic.org. 14 January 2018.
  2. ^ Cappos, Scott. "Shot Put and Discus Technique and Training". Digital Track and Field.
  3. ^ a b throwhammer (13 September 2010). "wyludda discus throw 1996 olympics" – via YouTube.
  4. ^ Power position, about.com
  5. ^ ntujavelin (26 December 2008). "2005 World Championship Men's Discus - 1st Virgilijus Alekna" – via YouTube.
  6. ^ http://archive.auvac.org/research/publications/files/2003/niewiadomska.pdf
  7. ^ https://www.elitethrowscoaching.com/single-post/2018/02/27/How-To-Choose-The-Correct-Discus-Rim-Weight
  8. ^ Discus Throw - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-20.
  9. ^ Discus Throw - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-20.
  10. ^ Jon Mulkeen (29 June 2017). "Stahl breaks Swedish discus record with world-leading 71.29m". IAAF. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  11. ^ Diego Sampaolo (19 July 2017). "Perkovic throws 71.41m in Bellinzona, world's best discus mark since 1992". IAAF. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Denia Caballero sets Discus world lead of 70.65, Pichardo debuts in long jump". watchathletics.com. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  13. ^ Day 2 of IOC Executive Board meeting in St. Petersburg . Olympic (2013-05-30). Retrieved on 2014-04-19.

External links

1994 European Athletics Championships – Men's discus throw

These are the official results of the Men's discus throw event at the 1994 European Championships in Helsinki, Finland, held at Helsinki Olympic Stadium on 12 and 14 August 1994. There were a total number of 21 participating athletes.

Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The men's discus throw was one of six throwing events on the Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme in London. The competition was held on July 16, 1908. 42 throwers from eleven nations competed.

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The men's discus throw was a track and field athletics event held as part of the athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which is one of 12 to have been held at every Summer Olympics. The competition was held on Friday, July 12, 1912. Forty-one discus throwers from 15 nation competed.

Athletics at the 1980 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The Men's Discus Throw event at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union had an entrylist of 18 competitors, with one qualifying group and the final (12) held on Monday July 28, 1980.

Athletics at the 1980 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

The Women's Discus Throw event at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union had an entrylist of 18 competitors, with one qualifying group and the final (12) held on Friday 1980-08-01.

Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The Men's Discus Throw at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California had an entrylist of 20 competitors, with two qualifying groups before the final (12) took place on August 10, 1984.

Athletics at the 1988 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

The Women's Discus Throw event at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea had an entrylist of 22 competitors, with two qualifying groups before the final (12) took place on Thursday September 29, 1988.

Athletics at the 1992 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

These are the official results of the women's discus throw event at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.

Athletics at the 1996 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

These are the official results of the Men's Discus Throw event at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. There were a total of 40 competitors. The final was held on July 31, 1996.

Athletics at the 1996 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

These are the official results of the Women's Discus Throw event at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. There were a total number of 39 competitors, with the qualification round mark set at 62.00 metres.

Athletics at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The Men's Discus Throw event at the 2000 Summer Olympics as part of the athletics program was held at the Olympic Stadium on Sunday, 24 September and Monday, 25 September.The qualifying athletes progressed through to the final where the qualifying distances are scrapped and they start afresh with up to six throws. The qualifying distance was 64.00 metres. For all qualifiers who did not achieve the standard, the remaining spaces in the final were filled by the longest throws until a total of 12 qualifiers.

Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The men's discus throw competition at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens was held at the Olympic Stadium on 21–23 August. It was originally planned to hold the discus throw at the Ancient Olympia Stadium, but it was discovered that the field was not large enough to accommodate the range of modern discus throwers, and would have posed a danger to spectators. As such, it was decided to move the discus throw and to hold the shot put at the ancient stadium, despite the fact that the shot put was not contested at the Ancient Olympic Games.Hungary's Róbert Fazekas had initially finished first in the final, but committed an anti-doping breach for failing to submit a proper urine sample during the drug test and was thereby not allowed to present his gold in the medal ceremony, resulting to his disqualification. Lithuania's Virgilijus Alekna, who originally placed second in the final, eventually defended his Olympic title at the time of the medal ceremony, and was followed by Fazekas' teammate Zoltán Kővágó for the silver and Estonia's Aleksander Tammert for the bronze.

Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

The women's discus throw competition at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens was held at the Olympic Stadium on 20–21 August. It was originally planned to hold the discus throw at the Ancient Olympia Stadium, but it was discovered that the field was not large enough to accommodate the range of modern discus throwers, and would have posed a danger to spectators. As such, it was decided to move the discus throw and to hold the shot put at the ancient stadium, despite the fact that the shot put was not contested at the Ancient Olympic Games.On December 5, 2012, Belarusian discus thrower Iryna Yatchenko was stripped of her bronze medal after drug re-testings of her samples on methandienone had been discovered positive. Following the announcement of Yatchenko's disqualification, the International Olympic Committee Executive Board had distributed and awarded the bronze to Czech Republic's Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová, who originally finished fourth in the final.

Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The men's discus throw event at the 2008 Summer Olympics took place on 16–19 August at the Beijing National Stadium.The qualifying standards were 64.50 m (211.61 ft) (A standard) and 62.50 m (205.05 ft) (B standard).

Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

The women's discus throw event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on 15–18 August at the Beijing Olympic Stadium.

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men's discus throw

The men's discus throw competition at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium on 6–7 August. Each athlete receives three throws in the qualifying round. All who achieve the qualifying distance progress to the final. If less than twelve athletes achieve this mark, then the twelve furthest throwing athletes reach the final. Each finalist is allowed three throws in last round, with the top eight athletes after that point being given three further attempts.Six made the automatic qualifier to the finals, Ehsan Haddadi, Jorge Fernandez and Robert Harting on their first attempt. The top qualifier was defending champion Gerd Kanter, but it took him three throws to get a distance that would qualify. The #10 qualifier was two-time champion Virgilijus Alekna.

In the final, most improved their distances by several meters. Alekna launched a 67.38 on the third throw of the competition. Four throws later, Haddadi took the lead with a 68.18, with Harting moving into second place with 67.79. That was the situation through the first four rounds. Kanter made minor improvements, but was out of the medals until his fifth throw of 68.03, knocking Alekna out of his fourth straight medal. Two throws later, Harting launched the winner, going just 9 cm beyond Haddadi with a 68.27. The 2.01m, 130 kg. Harting celebrated his medal on his victory lap skillfully jumping over the row of women's hurdles already on the track and doing a Hulk Hogan shirt rip.

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Paralympics – Men's discus throw

The Men's Discus Throw athletics events for the 2012 Summer Paralympics took place at the London Olympic Stadium from August 31 to September 7. A total of 10 events were contested incorporating 13 different classifications.

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Paralympics – Women's discus throw

The Women's discus throw athletics events for the 2012 Summer Paralympics took place at the London Olympic Stadium from 31 August to 8 September. A total of 6 events were contested over this distance for 11 different classifications.

Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Women's discus throw

The women's discus throw competition at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil was held at the Olympic Stadium on 16–17 August. Each athlete received three throws in the qualifying round. All who achieved the qualifying distance progressed to the final. Each finalist was allowed three throws in last round, with the top eight athletes after that point being given three further attempts.

Track
Field
Combined
Road
Other

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.