Director-General of the BBC

The Director-General of the British Broadcasting Corporation is chief executive and (from 1994) editor-in-chief of the BBC.

The position was formerly appointed by the Board of Governors of the BBC (for the period of 1927 to 2007) and then the BBC Trust (from 2007 to 2017). Since 2017 the Director-General is appointed by the BBC Board.

To date sixteen individuals, all of whom have been men, have been appointed Director-General, plus an additional two who were appointed in an acting capacity only. The current Director-General is Tony Hall, Baron Hall of Birkenhead, who was appointed from the chief executiveship of the Royal Opera House, which position he had held from April 2001. He is the first peer to hold the position (Lords Reith and Birt having been raised to the peerage only after their tenures had ended).

Director-General of the BBC
Incumbent
The Lord Hall of Birkenhead

since April 2013
Member ofBBC Board
Executive Committee
Reports toParliament of the United Kingdom
AppointerBBC Board
Formation1927
First holderSir John Reith
Salary£450,000

List of incumbents

Director General Tenure Time in post
Sir John Reith 1927–1938 11 years
Sir Frederick Ogilvie 1938–1942 4 years
Sir Cecil Graves and Robert W. Foot 1942–1943 1 year
Robert W. Foot 1943–1944 1 year
Sir William Haley 1944–1952 8 years
Sir Ian Jacob 1952–1959 7 years
Sir Hugh Greene 1960–1969 9 years
Sir Charles Curran 1969–1977 8 years
Sir Ian Trethowan 1977–1982 5 years
Alasdair Milne 1982–1987 5 years
Sir Michael Checkland 1987–1992 5 years
Sir John Birt 1992–2000 8 years
Greg Dyke 2000–2004 4 years
Mark Byford* January – June 2004 5 months
Mark Thompson 2004–2012 8 years
George Entwistle 2012 54 days
Tim Davie* 2012–2013 141 days
Tony Hall, Baron Hall of Birkenhead April 2013 – present Incumbent

An asterisk indicates that the incumbent was temporarily appointed as Acting Director General.

External links

1st International Emmy Awards

The 1st International Emmy Awards took place on November 21, 1973, at the Plaza Hotel in New York City, United States.

Anne Bulford

Anne Bulford is a British media executive who is the current Deputy Director-General of the BBC, and the first woman to hold the position.

Baron Reith

Baron Reith , of Stonehaven in the County of Kincardine, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1940 for Sir John Reith, the first Director-General of the BBC. His only son, the second Baron, disclaimed the peerage for life in 1972. Since 2016, the title is held by the latter's son, the third Baron.

Call the Midwife

Call the Midwife is a BBC period drama series about a group of nurse midwives working in the East End of London in the late 1950s and early 1960s. It stars Jessica Raine, Miranda Hart, Helen George, Bryony Hannah, Laura Main, Jenny Agutter, Pam Ferris, Judy Parfitt, Cliff Parisi, Stephen McGann, Ben Caplan, Emerald Fennell, Victoria Yeates, Jack Ashton, Linda Bassett, Charlotte Ritchie, Kate Lamb, Jennifer Kirby, Annabelle Apsion and Leonie Elliott. The series is produced by Neal Street Productions, a production company founded and owned by the film director and producer Sam Mendes, Call the Midwife executive producer Pippa Harris, and Caro Newling. The first series, set in 1957, premiered in the UK on 15 January 2012.

The series was created by Heidi Thomas, originally based on the memoirs of Jennifer Worth who worked with the Community of St. John the Divine, an Anglican religious order, at their convent in the East End in London. The order was founded as a nursing order in 1849. The show has extended beyond the memoirs to include new, historically sourced material. For the most part it depicts the day-to-day lives of the midwives and those in their local neighbourhood of Poplar, with certain historical events of the era having a direct or indirect effect on the characters and storylines.

Such events include: the continuing effects of the post-World War II baby boom, post-war immigration and the 1948 founding of the National Health Service in the first series and beyond; the introduction of gas and air as a form of pain relief and unexploded ordnance in the second series; the Child Migrants Programme and the threat of nuclear warfare (including emergency response guidelines issued by local Civil Defence Corps) in the fourth series; and the effects of thalidomide as well as the introduction of the contraceptive pill in the fifth series.

Call the Midwife achieved very high ratings in its first series, making it the most successful new drama series on BBC One since 2001. Since then, five more series of eight episodes each have aired year-on-year, along with an annual Christmas special broadcast every Christmas Day since 2012. It is also broadcast in the United States on the PBS network, with the first series starting on 30 September 2012.In December 2015, the Director-General of the BBC Tony Hall announced the show had been commissioned for a 2016 Christmas special and a sixth series of another eight episodes to be broadcast in early 2017, taking the characters and plot into 1962. In November 2016, Charlotte Moore, Director of BBC Content, announced that the drama had been commissioned for a further three series of eight episodes and three more Christmas specials – taking the total number of series up to nine and the story into 1965.Critical reception for the show (in both the UK and the US) has been mostly positive, and the series has won numerous awards and nominations since its original broadcast. The show has also been praised for tackling a variety of topical subjects and contemporary social, cultural and economic issues, including local community, miscarriage and stillbirths, abortion and unwanted pregnancies, birth defects, poverty, illness and disease epidemics, prostitution, incest, religion and faith, racism and prejudice, alcoholism, disability, (then-illegal) homosexuality between men, lesbianism, female genital mutilation, and maternal, paternal, and romantic love.

Charles Curran (broadcaster)

Sir Charles John Curran (13 October 1921 – 9 January 1980) was an Irish-born British television executive and Director-General of the BBC from 1969 to 1977.

Frederick Ogilvie

Sir Frederick Wolff Ogilvie FRSE (7 February 1893 – 10 June 1949) was Director-General of the BBC from 19 July 1938 (aged 45) to 26 January 1942, and was succeeded by joint Directors-General Cecil Graves and Robert W. Foot. He was knighted by King George VI on 10 June 1942.

George Entwistle

George Edward Entwistle (born 8 July 1962) was Director-General of the BBC during 2012, succeeding Mark Thompson. After a career in magazine journalism, he joined BBC Television in 1989, becoming a producer with a primary focus in factual and political programmes. He rose to become the director of BBC Vision, and became the Director-General of the BBC on 17 September 2012.

Entwistle resigned as Director-General on 10 November 2012, following controversy over a Newsnight report which falsely implicated Lord McAlpine in the North Wales child abuse scandal. His resignation after just 54 days in the role made him the shortest serving Director-General in the history of the BBC.

Greg Dyke

Gregory Dyke (born 20 May 1947) is a British media executive, football administrator, journalist and broadcaster. Since the 1960s, Dyke has had a long career in the UK in print and then broadcast journalism. He is credited with introducing 'tabloid' television to British broadcasting, and reviving the ratings of TV-am. In the 1990s, he held chief executive positions at LWT Group, Pearson Television and Channel 5.

He was the Director-General of the BBC from January 2000 to January 2004; he resigned following heavy criticism of the BBC's news reporting process in the Hutton Inquiry.

Dyke was a director of Manchester United and chairman of Brentford football clubs, and from 2013 to 2016 was chairman of the Football Association. He was Chancellor of the University of York from 2004 to 2015. He is currently the chairman of children's television company HiT Entertainment, and is a panellist on Sky News' The Pledge.

Hugh Greene

Sir Hugh Carleton Greene (15 November 1910 – 19 February 1987) was a British journalist and television executive. He was Director-General of the BBC from 1960 to 1969, and is generally credited with modernising an organisation that had fallen behind in the wake of the launch of ITV in 1955. He was the brother of Graham Greene, the English novelist.

Ian Trethowan

Sir James Ian Raley Trethowan (20 October 1922 – 12 December 1990) was a British journalist, radio and television broadcaster and administrator who eventually became director-general of the BBC from 1 October 1977 to 31 July 1982, having previously been managing director of BBC network radio from 1970 to 1976.

In the Red (novel)

In the Red is a 1989 PG Wodehouse Prize nominated black comedy-crime novel by Mark Tavener, featuring fictional BBC Reporter George Cragge and fiction Police Officer Frank Jefferson, investigating a series of murders of London bank managers, a small political party contesting a by-election, and a plan to overthrow the Director-General of the BBC.

The novel's setting in the worlds of finance (from which it draws its title), politics and media, was inspired by the writer's early experiences working for the BBC and the Liberal Party.The novel was released (BBC Books, 1998) following the production of a television adaptation of the same name (BBC Two, 1998).

John Birt, Baron Birt

John Birt, Baron Birt (born 10 December 1944) is a British television executive and businessman. He is a former Director-General (1992–2000) of the BBC.

After a successful career in commercial television, initially at Granada Television and later at London Weekend Television, Birt was appointed Deputy Director-General of the BBC in 1987 for his expertise in current affairs. The forced departure of Director-General Alasdair Milne after pressure from the Thatcher government required someone near the top, preferably from outside the BBC, with editorial and production experience (Milne had been summarily replaced by Michael Checkland, an accountant).

During his tenure as Director-General, Birt restructured the BBC, in the face of much internal opposition. However, others have credited him with saving the corporation from possible government privatisation, and say he prepared for the era of digital broadcasting. After leaving the BBC, Birt was Strategic Advisor to Prime Minister Tony Blair from 2001–5. He was appointed Chairman of CPA Global in 2015.

Mark Thompson (media executive)

Mark John Thompson (born 31 July 1957) is a British media executive who is the current Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of The New York Times Company. From 2004 to 2012, he served as Director-General of the BBC, and before that was the Chief Executive of Channel 4. In 2009 Thompson was ranked as the 65th most powerful person in the world by Forbes magazine.

Michael Checkland

Sir Michael Checkland (born 13 March 1936) was Director-General of the BBC from 1987 to 1992, being appointed after the forced resignation of Alasdair Milne.

Tim Davie

Timothy Douglas Davie (born 25 April 1967) is the Chief Executive Officer of BBC Studios (formerly known as BBC Worldwide) who served as acting Director-General of the BBC following George Entwistle's resignation in November 2012 until Lord Hall took over the role permanently in April 2013. During his time as acting director-general he oversaw the investigations into BBC management and conduct following revelations the broadcaster had known about sexual abuse by Sir Jimmy Savile and then made false accusations against Lord McAlpine.

Tonight (1957 TV programme)

Tonight is a British current affairs television programme, presented by Cliff Michelmore, that was broadcast on BBC live on weekday evenings from 18 February 1957 to 18 June 1965. The producers were the future Controller of BBC1 Donald Baverstock and the future Director-General of the BBC Alasdair Milne. The audience was typically seven million viewers.

Tony Hall

Tony Hall may refer to:

Tony P. Hall (born 1942), American politician, representative and ambassador

Tony Hall, Baron Hall of Birkenhead (born 1951), Director-General of the BBC

Tony Hall (Australian footballer) (born 1964), Australian rules footballer

Tony Hall (footballer, born 1969), played for East Fife, Berwick and some Irish clubs

Tony Hall (journalist), South African journalist and member of the South African Congress of Democrats

Tony Hall (supervisor) (born 1942), former member of San Francisco Board of Supervisors

Tony Hall (music executive) (born 1928), British music executive and former record producer and DJ

Tony Hall (musician) (born 1941), melodeon player born in Beccles, Suffolk (England)

Tony Hall (botanist), Kew Gardens Expert, former manager of the Alpine House; see List of botanists by author abbreviation (T–V)

Tony Hall, Baron Hall of Birkenhead

Anthony William Hall, Baron Hall of Birkenhead, (born 3 March 1951) is the Director-General of the BBC.

He took up the post of Director-General on 2 April 2013. Previously he was Chief Executive of the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London from 2001 until March 2013, and Director of News at the BBC between 1993 and 2001.

Hall was made a Life Peer and took his seat in the House of Lords as a crossbench member on 22 March 2010.

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