Diphu

Diphu (Pron:ˈdɪfu:) is the headquarter of Karbi Anglong district in the state of Assam in India. This small town is a popular tourist hill station for people of nearby cities.

Diphu
Town
Diphu is located in Assam
Diphu
Diphu
Location in Assam, India
Diphu is located in India
Diphu
Diphu
Diphu (India)
Coordinates: 25°50′N 93°26′E / 25.83°N 93.43°ECoordinates: 25°50′N 93°26′E / 25.83°N 93.43°E
CountryIndia
StateAssam
DistrictKarbi Anglong district
Government
 • BodyDiphu Town Committee
Elevation
186 m (610 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total61,797
Languages
 • OfficialKarbi, English, Assamese
 • RegionalKarbi, Dimasa.
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
782460, 782462
Telephone code03671
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-09

Etymology

Diphu is a Dimasa language for White Water. Di mean Water, Phu mean White. Historically it is said, the stream in diphu carry large amount of sediment during rainy season, giving it the colour of white, hence the name White Water.

Geography

Diphu hills
View of Diphu hills

Diphu is located at 25°50′N 93°26′E / 25.83°N 93.43°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 186 metres (610 feet). It is about 270 km by road and 213 km by railways from Guwahati. The town is beautifully located on a hill.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Diphu had a population of 63,654. Based on population, it is classified as a class-II city (between 50,000 and 99,999 inhabitants). Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Diphu has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94% and, female literacy is 86%. In Diphu, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The major indigenous communities living in Diphu are Karbi, Dimasa Kachari, Bodo Kachari, Koch (Rajbangshi) Kachari, Garo Kachari and Rengma Naga.

Culture

The town is home to many indigenous communities and other communities from rest of the country, the Karbis, Rengma, Dimasa Kachari, Tiwa Kachari, Bodo Kachari, Garo Kachari being the major tribes of the district. The town truly exhibits the peaceful and harmonious coexistence among them. It houses temples, churches, mosques and a gurudwara. The town celebrates all the major festivals together with much fun-fare. Rongker, Bushu-Dima Wangala, Bihu, Sikpui-Ruoi, Christmas, Durga Puja, Diwali and other festivals are celebrated with fervour and joy.

Places of interest

Statue of Rongpharpi Rongbe
In the middle of the town there is a great statue of Rongpharpi Rongbe and her comrades- a grand sculpture enlivened in the hand of its sculptor. It has immortalised a glorified page of Karbi history. Rongpharpi Rongbe was the first woman who rebelled against exploitation and oppression.
Taralangso
It is in the heart of Diphu. The headquarters of "Karbi Cultural Society", which is an established democratic cultural organisation, is permanently set here. The Karbi Youth Festival is celebrated in Taralangso every year from 15 February to 19 February. During the festival the place becomes a cultural pilgrimage.
Botanical Garden
About 7 km away from Diphu along the Lumding road, there is a botanical garden of Forest west division. The garden is rich in many valuable trees, herbs and orchids.
Recreation Park cum Medicinal Garden
Situated on the Diphu-Manja road it is a very beautiful garden set up by the forest department. The park has much natural scenery, valuable trees and herbs which attracts many people. There is also boating facility in a lake.
Arboretum
District Museum
Umwang

Public parks and gardens

  • Arboretum.
  • Recreation Park.
  • Botanical Garden.
  • Khorsing Ingti Children Park.
  • Semsongsing Ingti Memorial Park.
  • Gandhi Park.

Media

Local Newspapers
  • Drongo Express (English daily)
  • Hill Observer (English daily)
  • Pherangke (Karbi daily)
  • The Arleng Daily (Karbi daily)
  • The Hills Emissary ( English daily)
  • The Hills Times (English daily)
  • Thekar (Karbi daily)
Radio
Diphu house an All India Radio station.
Television
Diphu house a relay centre for Doordarshan. There is also a CATV, KAT, operating in the town. Currently, KAT is only local channel in the town.

Education institutions

Universities

Colleges

  • B.Ed. College
  • Commerce College
  • Diphu Girl's College
  • Don Bosco Junior college
  • Diphu Government College
  • Diphu Law College
  • Renu Terangpi Memorial College

Technical and vocational institutes

  • Basic Training Centre.
  • Hindi Teacher Training Centre.
  • Industrial Training Institute (ITI).
  • Diphu Polytechnic, Diphu.
  • Vocational Training and Research Centre (VTRC).

Schools

  • Adarsh Binapani L.P. & M.E. School
  • Aturkimi Academy
  • Badan Memorial English High School
  • Calvary Home Academy
  • Covenent Higher Secondary School
  • Christian English High School
  • D.A.V Higher Secondary School
  • Diphu Government Boy's Higher Secondary School
  • Diphu Government Girl's High School
  • Diphu Town Primary School.
  • Don Bosco Higher Secondary School
  • Erudite Academy
  • Hilltop Christian School
  • Home for Destitute and Vagrant Children
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Kidzee
  • Lil'Kid
  • Mahatma Gandhi Memorial School
  • Modern English High School
  • Mt. Calvary School
  • North Point English High School
  • New Hope High School
  • Presbyterian Mission School
  • Ratan Kro High School
  • Rengbonghom Higher Secondary School
  • Springdale High School
  • St. Mary's High School
  • Tiny Tot
  • UC School

Projects under way

  • Assam Hills Medical College and Research Institute

Health infrastructure

Hospital

  • Diphu Civil Hospital
  • Veterinary Hospital (2 Nos.)

Transportation

Road

National Highway 329A passes through the Town. It connect the town with Lumding and Manja . Diphu is well connected to most districts and towns of Assam by Assam State Transport Corporation, The District autonomoy body, Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council, owned Transportation service and private buses connect to important places. Shared Car also ply between nearby town and places. Auto rickshaw is the main mode of transport in the town.

Rail

The Diphu town is served by Diphu railway station of Northeast Frontier Railway zone which lies on Lumding–Dibrugarh section. Many crucial trains which connect the town like Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express, Brahmaputra Mail, Kamrup Express, Jan Shatabdi Express, Chandigarh Express, Nagaland Express etc.

Sports

Football is the main sport of Karbi Anglong and mostly popular among people. The multipurpose Karbi Anglong Sports Association (KASA) Stadium is home to Morning Star F.C., the premier football club of Karbi Anglong. They represent Karbi Anglong in the top division Assam State Premier League. Currently, there is one Stadium, KASA Sports Complex and another under construction at 5th Mile, Diphu.

Politics

Diphu is part of Autonomous District (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]

Notable People

See also

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Diphu
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  3. ^ "Assam University Diphu Campus"
  4. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
2015 Assam State Premier League season

The 2015 Assam State Premier League is the first season of the Assam State Premier League in its new format. Assam State Premier League alias ASPL, is the top football league for association football clubs in the Indian state of Assam. The league was re-launched in May 2015 and was kicked off on 29 May and will conclude with the final on 25 July.Karbi Anglong Morning Star F.C. became champion of 2015 Assam State Premier League by defeating F.C. Green Valley in final held at KSSA, Diphu. As an estimated 1.97 Lakh fans poured in to witness the entire Championship.

Assam University

Assam University (অসম বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়) is a teaching-cum-affiliating Central University. The university has sixteen schools which offer Humanities, Languages, Environmental Sciences, Information Sciences, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, Law, Technology and Management Studies. There are 42 departments under these sixteen schools. The five districts under the jurisdiction of Assam University have 56 undergraduate colleges. Assam University is an institutional signatory to the Global Universities Network for Innovation (GUNI), Barcelona and United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) for its commitment to educational social responsibilities.

The main campus, in an area of 600 acres (2.4 km2), is located at Durgakona, near Irongmara about 20 km from Silchar, while a second campus of the university is at Diphu, in the East Karbi Anglong district of Assam.

Diphu (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Diphu (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 126 constituencies of the Assam Legislative Assembly in India. Diphu forms a part of the Autonomous District Lok Sabha constituency. This seat is reserved for the Scheduled Tribes (ST).

Diphu Government College

Diphu Government College, established in 1964, is a general degree college situated at Diphu, Assam. This college is affiliated with the Assam University. This college offers different courses in arts and science.

Diphu Pass

Diphu Pass is a mountain pass around the area of the disputed tri-point borders of India, China, and Myanmar. Diphu Pass is also a strategic approach to eastern Arunachal Pradesh. It lies on the McMahon Line.In October 1960 China and Burma demarcated their border to Diphu Pass, which is 5 miles south of the watershed of the mountain ranges. However, this caused a diplomatic row with India, which expected the tri-point to be at the watershed. The dispute has become part of the ongoing border disagreement between China and India regarding Arunachal Pradesh.

Diphu railway station

Diphu railway station (Station Code: DPU) is the main railway station of Diphu town, headquarter of Karbi Anglong district in Assam. It is under Lumding railway division of Northeast Frontier Railway zone of Indian Railways. It is located on Lumding–Dibrugarh section main line of the Indian Railways. Many important trains like Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express, Brahmaputra Mail, Kamrup Express etc. passes through this station.

East Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary

The East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Assam state of India. It is situated 35 km from the city of Diphu, Karbi Anglong district. It covers an area of 221.81 km², and its elevation varies between 80 to 500 meter above sea level.

The forest area was declared a wildlife sanctuary on 27 July 2000 by the Assam State Government.

Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary

Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary (Assamese: গৰমপানী অভয়াৰণ্য) is a 6.05-square-kilometre (2.34 sq mi) wildlife sanctuary located in Karbi Anglong district, Assam, India.

It is 25 km (16 mi) from Golaghat.

It is one of the oldest sanctuaries containing hot water spring and waterfalls and surrounded by Nambor Sanctuary having 51 rare species of orchid.

The nearest Airport Dimapur is 55 km and Jorhat Airport is 85 km away. The road distances from nearest Towns : from Golaghat is 35 km, from Diphu is 92 km, from Guwahati is 330 km and Kaziranga is 45 km away. The best time to visit is November to April.

Karbi Anglong district

Karbi Anglong district (Karbi: Karbi Anglong) is one of the 33 administrative districts of Assam state in Northeastern India. The district is bounded by Golaghat district on the east, Morigaon district on the west, Nagaon and Golaghat districts on the north and Dima Hasao district and Nagaland state on the south. The district is located between 25º 33′ and 26º 35′ North latitude and from 92º 10′ to 93º 50′ East longitude. Diphu is the administrative headquarter of the district.

Manja (town)

Manja is a small town in Karbi Anglong district of Assam state of India. Manja is situated on bank of river Chomna(Yamuna) and river Diphu Nala it is surrounded with beautiful blue hills. NH 36 pass through it and it connects the other important places the nearest airport is Dimapur airport which is 40 km away and the nearest railway station is Diphu railway station which is 16km away from it, the town is well connected by other important places by Bus service.

National Highway 329A (India)

National Highway 329A, commonly called 329A is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 329. NH-329A traverses the states of Assam and Nagaland in India.

National Highway 329 (India)

National Highway 329, commonly called NH 329 is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 29. NH-329 traverses the state of Assam in India.This highway in Assam runs in Karbi Anglong district. It starts at Manja connecting Diphu and ends at Lumding. It has a total length of 52KM.

Presbyterian Mission High School, Diphu

Presbyterian Mission School, Diphu is a Christian co-educational institution, established in 2000, run by the Karbi Anglong Presbyterian Mission with the help of the Synod Mission Board of Mizoram, Presbyterian Church of India. It is an unaided School comprising Nursery to Secondary level. The school has branches in various parts of Karbi Anglong District, Assam, under the same name. Presbyterian Mission High School is a self-supporting Mission School. The institution is affiliated with the Board of Secondary Education Assam (SEBA).

Roman Catholic Diocese of Diphu

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Diphu (Latin: Diphuen(sis)) is a diocese located in the city of Diphu in the Ecclesiastical province of Guwahati in India.

Rongbong Terang

Rongbong Terang is a literary figure from Assam, India. He is a Padmashree Awardee for his literary work Rongmilir Hanhi (1981).

Rongbong Terang worked as an Assamese teacher in Diphu Govt. Boy High School. Then as an Assamese lecturer in Diphu Govt. College and acted as Principal-in-charge on 1 April 2000 and retired on 30 November 2002. He was also the president of Asam Sahitya Sabha for two terms.

The Arleng Daily

The Arleng Daily is a daily newspaper published from Diphu, Assam. It has its beginning in June 2004. Initially its publication was distributed for free in and around Diphu, (mostly in Diphu Government College). As of 2008, it was one of the only two Karbi language dailies in Karbi Anglong district,The present editor is T.Pong Hanse.

The Hills Times (Diphu)

The Hill Times (Diphu) is an English-language daily newspaper published in Diphu, Assam, India. It was founded in the year 2000. It is the first English newspaper in the Karbi Anglong district since 1903. This made the newspaper popular among different communities and ages.

The present editor is Rameswar Chauhan.

Thekar

Thekar is a Karbi daily newspaper published from Diphu, Assam. It is the highest circulated Karbi daily in North East India. As of 2008, it was one of the only two Karbi-language dailies in Karbi Anglong district, The Thekar has wide reach among the people in terms of circulation figures as well as the reliability of the news matter.

The present editor is Longsing Teron.

West Karbi Anglong district

The West Karbi Anglong district is a new district formed out of the existing Karbi Anglong District of Assam in 2016. Hamren is the headquarter of the newly formed district. The district is a part of Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council, Diphu and it is administered according to the Sixth Scheduled of the Indian Constitution.

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