Dioxane tetraketone

Dioxane tetraketone (or 1,4-dioxane-2,3,5,6-tetrone) is an organic compound with the formula C4O6. It is an oxide of carbon (an oxocarbon), which can be viewed as the fourfold ketone of dioxane. It can also be viewed as the cyclic dimer of oxiranedione (C2O3), the hypothetical anhydride of oxalic acid.

In 1998, Paolo Strazzolini and others synthesized this compound by reacting oxalyl chloride (COCl)2 or the bromide (COBr)2 with a suspension of silver oxalate (Ag2C2O4) in diethyl ether at −15 °C, followed by evaporation of the solvent at low temperature and pressure. The substance is stable when dissolved in ether and trichloromethane at −30 °C, but decomposes into a 1:1 mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) upon heating to 0 °C.[1] The stability and conformation of the molecule were also analyzed by theoretical methods.[2]

Dioxane tetraketone
Dioxane tetraketone
Dioxane tetraketone molecule
IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 144.038 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).


  1. ^ Strazzolini, P.; Gambi, A.; Giumanini, A. G.; Vancik, H. (1998). "The reaction between ethanedioyl (oxalyl) dihalides and Ag2C2O4: a route to Staudinger's elusive ethanedioic (oxalic) acid anhydride". Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1. 1998 (16): 2553–2558. doi:10.1039/a803430c.
  2. ^ Gambi, A.; Guimanini, A. G.; Strazzolini, P. (2001). "Theoretical investigations on (CO)n(CO2)m cyclic cooligomers". Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM. 536 (1): 9–16. doi:10.1016/S0166-1280(00)00601-1.

See also


1,4-Dioxane () is a heterocyclic organic compound, classified as an ether. It is a colorless liquid with a faint sweet odor similar to that of diethyl ether. The compound is often called simply dioxane because the other dioxane isomers (1,2- and 1,3-) are rarely encountered.

Dioxane is used as a solvent for a variety of practical applications as well as in the laboratory, and also as a stabilizer for the transport of chlorinated hydrocarbons in aluminum containers.

Oxalic anhydride

Oxalic anhydride or ethanedioic anhydride, also called oxiranedione, is a hypothetical organic compound with the formula C2O3, which can be viewed as the anhydride of oxalic acid or the two-fold ketone of ethylene oxide. It is an oxide of carbon (an oxocarbon).

The simple compound apparently has yet to be observed (as of 2009). In 1998, however, Paolo Strazzolini and others have claimed the synthesis of dioxane tetraketone (C4O6), which can be viewed as the cyclic dimer of oxalic anhydride.It has been conjectured to be a fleeting intermediate in the thermal decomposition of certain oxalates and certain chemoluminescent reactions of oxalyl chloride.

Oxalyl chloride

Oxalyl chloride is a chemical compound with the formula (COCl)2. This colourless, sharp-smelling liquid, the diacyl chloride of oxalic acid, is a useful reagent in organic synthesis. It can be prepared by treating oxalic acid with phosphorus pentachloride.Oxalyl chloride was first prepared in 1892 by the French chemist Adrien Fauconnier, who reacted diethyl oxalate with phosphorus pentachloride.

Oxalyl fluoride

Oxalyl fluoride is a fluorinated derivative of oxalic acid. It is being investigated for use in etching as a replacement for compounds which have the liability of high global warming potential.


An oxocarbon or oxide of carbon is a chemical compound consisting only of carbon and oxygen.The simplest and most common oxocarbons are carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) with IUPAC names carbon(II) oxide and carbon(IV) oxide respectively. Many other stable (practically if not thermodynamically) or metastable oxides of carbon are known, but they are rarely encountered, such as carbon suboxide (C3O2 or O=C=C=C=O) and mellitic anhydride (C12O9).

While textbooks will often list only the first three, and rarely the fourth, a large number of other oxides are known today, most of them synthesized since the 1960s. Some of these new oxides are stable at room temperature. Some are metastable or stable only at very low temperatures, but decompose to simpler oxocarbons when warmed. Many are inherently unstable and can be observed only momentarily as intermediates in chemical reactions or are so reactive that they can exist only in the gas phase or under matrix isolation conditions.

The inventory of oxocarbons appears to be steadily growing. The existence of graphene oxide and of other stable polymeric carbon oxides with unbounded molecular structures suggests that many more remain to be discovered.

Silver oxalate

Silver oxalate (Ag2C2O4) is commonly employed in experimental petrology to add carbon dioxide (CO2) to experiments as it will break down to silver (Ag) and carbon dioxide under geologic conditions. It is also a precursor to the production of silver nanoparticles.

It is explosive upon heating around 140 degrees Celsius, shock or friction.

Common oxides
Exotic oxides
Compounds derived from oxides


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