Dik Dik

Dik Dik is an Italian beat-pop-rock band, named after the antelope Dik-dik,[1] formed in the 1960s and still in activity. They were most popular in the late 1960s, when they released a string of hit singles with the contribution of renowned lyric-writer Mogol and songwriter Lucio Battisti,[2][3] their greatest successes being Sognando la California and Senza luce, respectively covers of California Dreamin' by The Mamas and Papas and A Whiter Shade of Pale by Procol Harum.[4] While their early production is mostly inspired by The Beatles, in the 1970s they also experimented in other genres, including progressive rock.[2][5] They went on hiatus in the 1980s but later returned to the scenes, mostly in revival television shows and live performances.

Dik Dik 75
Dik Dik in 1975


Dik Dik formed in Milan in 1965. The original line-up included Giancarlo Sbriziolo (aka Lallo) on vocals and bass, Pietro Montalbetti (aka Pietruccio) on guitar, Erminio Salvaderi (aka Pepe) on guitar, Sergio Panno on drums and Mario Totaro on keyboards. Their first single, 1-2-3, was a cover version of the song by Len Barry. Their second single, Sognando la California, was released in October 1966 and ended up topping the Italian chars for two months. Dik Dik subsequently released a string of successful singles, mostly a mix of original compositions and Italian renditions of popular songs by other artists, including Il mondo è con noi (1966), Inno (1967, cover of Let's go to San Francisco by The Flower Pot Men), Senza luce (1967, cover of A Whiter Shade of Pale by Procol Harum), Il vento (1968), and Il primo giorno di primavera (1969). In 1969 they performed with Rita Pavone at the Festival della canzone italiana in Sanremo. Other singles released in the following years include L'isola di Wight (1970), Vendo casa (1972), Storia di periferia (1973), Help Me (1974), and Volando (1975, a cover of Sailing by Rod Stewart).

Their long-playing albums were not commercially successful. Their first three releases, largely collections of their singles, were published in 1967, 1969, and 1970 respectively. In 1972 the band recorded the first proper studio album, Suite per una donna assolutamente relativa ("Suite for an absolutely relative woman"), which was an experiment in progressive rock.[3][6] Suite was conceived as a concept album about the feminine universe, with lyrics by artist and poet Herbert Pagani; it was very different from Dik Dik's previous production, and was somehow rejected by their audience, resulting in a commercial flop. As a consequence, the band thereafter returned to their earlier pop-beat style.

From the mid-1970s to the early 1980s the band experienced several personnel changes, with Panno and Totaro leaving in 1974 (replaced by Roberto "Hunka Munka" Carlotto on keyboards and Nunzio "Cucciolo" Favia on drums), and Sbriziolo leaving in 1978 (replaced by two guitarists, Roberto "Roby" Facini and Rosario Brancati). In 1980 Carlotto was replaced by keyboard virtuoso Joe Vescovi, who had been collaborating with the band since 1974. Dik Dik's alienation of the mainstream audience continued with ambitious sonic experiments such as I'te vurria vasà (1976), which drastically departed from Dik Dik's traditional sound, and also with the advent of disco music, which caused the decline of several pop-rock bands.[7]

After a couple of relatively successful singles, such as Laser vivente (1980) and Giornale di bordo (1982), the band went on hiatus. Pietruccio, Pepe, and Lallo eventually reconvened and released a few more singles such as L'amico mio (1983) and Senza luce... reggae (1984), and participated in the Musicaitalia per l'Etiopia humanitarian project for Ethiopia.[3]

In 1986, Favia and Carlotto gave life to a spin-off of the band, originally named "Carlotto e Cucciolo già Dik Dik" or simply "Dik Dik", which led to a legal quarrel about the ownership of the "Dik Dik" brand. The dispute went on until 2006, when the name "Dik Dik" was finally given to Pietruccio, Pepe, and Lallo; Favia and Carlotto thus had to choose another name, "Già Dik Dik" ("Ex Dik Dik").[3]

From the second half of the 1980s, Dik Dik returned to the scenes participating in popular music revival television shows such as Una rotonda sul mare. In 1993 they performed again at the Festival di Sanremo together with former rivals I Camaleonti, another band from the 1960s-1970s Italian scene, and Maurizio Vandelli from Equipe 84.[3]

Dik Dik are still occasionally performing. In 1997 they have started their own website [1].[3]

In 2010, Pietruccio has published an autobiographical book about the history of the band, I ragazzi della via Stendhal ("The Via Stendhal Boys", a reference to Molnár's novel "The Paul Street Boys"[8] as well as a reference to the street where Lallo and Pietruccio grew up in Milan).


  • Giancarlo "Lallo" Sbriziolo: vocals, bass, guitar (1965-present)
  • Erminio "Pepe" Salvaderi: rhythm guitar, keyboards, vocals (1965-present)
  • Pietro "Pietruccio" Montalbetti: lead guitar, vocals, bass (1965-present)

Past members

  • Mario Totaro: keyboards (1965-1974)
  • Sergio Panno: drums (1965-1974)
  • Nunzio "Cucciolo" Favia: drums (1974-1982)
  • Roberto "Hunka Munka" Carlotto: keyboards (1974-1977)
  • Roberto "Roby" Facini: vocals, guitar (1977-1982)
  • Rosario Brancati: guitar (1978-1982)
  • Joe Vescovi: keyboards (1978-2007, d. 2014)



  • Dik Dik (1967, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Il primo giorno di primavera e altri successi (1969, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Suite per una donna assolutamente relativa (1972, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Storie e confessioni (1973, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Volando (1976, Ri-Fi)
  • Amico (1978, Ri-Fi)
  • Live (1989, Durium)
  • Come fossero farfalle (1991, Carosello)
  • Come passa il tempo e i più grandi successi (1993, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Isole in viaggio (1997, Duck Records)
  • Sogno Beat (2000, Duck Records)
  • L'isola di Wight e altri successi (2000, MBO Music)
  • Uno in più e i grandi successi beat (2000, MBO Music)
  • Ingresso gratuito (2003, Dik Dik Records)
  • Sold Out (2008, Dik Dik Records)


  • 1-2-3/Se rimani con me (1966, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Sognando la California/Dolce di giorno (1966, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Il mondo è con noi/Se io fossi un falegname (1967, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Guardo te e vedo mio figlio/Senza luce (1967, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Inno/Windy (1967, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Il vento/L'esquimese (1968, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Dimenticherai/Eleonora credi (1968, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Zucchero/Piccola arancia (1969, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Il primo giorno di primavera/Nuvola bianca (1969, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Primavera primavera/Sogni proibiti (1969, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Io mi fermo qui/Restare bambino (1970, Dischi Ricordi)
  • L'isola di Wight/Innamorato (1970, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Vivo per te/Quattro bicchieri di vino (1970, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Vivo per te/Dove vai (1970, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Ninna nanna (Cuore mio)/Incantesimo (1970, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Vendo casa/Paura (1971, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Viaggio di un poeta/Oggi no (1972, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Il cavallo, l'aratro e l'uomo/Senza luce (1972, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Storia di periferia/Libero (1973, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Il confine/Ma perché (1973, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Help Me/Sono nato (1974, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Piccola mia/Uno strano sentimento (1975, Dischi Ricordi)
  • Volando/Ossessioni (1975, Dik Dik Records)
  • I' te vurria vasà/Come una bambina (1976, Dik Dik Records)
  • Un giorno, cento anni/Flowers freedom and love (1977, Dik Dik Records)
  • Io, te e l'infinito/Walking in the Sunshine (1977, Dik Dik Records)
  • Amico/Senza di te (1978, Ri-Fi)
  • Strani fili/Hard Stuff (1978, Ariston Records)
  • Dimenticare Venezia/Sentimento (1979, Ariston Records)
  • Laser vivente/Dolce amara tu (1980, Ariston Records)
  • Vuoto a rendere/Mamamadama (1980, Ariston Records)
  • Giornale di bordo (1982, Lupus)
  • L'amico mio/Compagnia (1983, Numero Uno)
  • Senza luce...reggae/Alza la vela al vento (1984, Five Record)
  • Un giorno d'amore/Primo round (1985, Durium)
  • Quando verrà Natale/L'isola di Wight (1990, Carosello)


  1. ^ del Canale, Lorenzo (2014). Good Vibrations: storia intima della musica pop attraverso canzoni indimenticabili. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 9781503316416.
  2. ^ a b Dik Dik: Suite per una donna assolutamente relativa
  3. ^ a b c d e f Dik Dik, canzoni e biografia
  4. ^ Review of Suite per una donna assolutamente relativa
  5. ^ Dik Dik: Biografia
  6. ^ Dik Dik
  7. ^ I Dik Dik raccontati da Pietro Montalbetti
  8. ^ La California in Via Stendhal

External links


The Antilopinae are a subfamily of Bovidae. The gazelles, blackbucks, springboks, gerenuks, dibatags, and Central Asian gazelles are often referred to as "true antelopes", and are usually classified as the only representatives of the Antilopinae. True antelopes occur in much of Africa and Asia, with the highest concentration of species occurring in East Africa in Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, and Tanzania. The saigas and Tibetan antelopes are related to true antelopes (Antilopinae) and goats (Caprinae), but often placed in their own subfamily, Saiginae. These animals inhabit much of central and western Asia. The dwarf antelopes are sometimes placed in a separate subfamily, Neotraginae, and live entirely in sub-Saharan Africa.


The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of 10 genera of medium to large-sized ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, African buffalo, the water buffalo, the yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. The evolutionary relationship between the members of the group is still debated, and their classification into loose tribes rather than formal subgroups reflects this uncertainty. General characteristics include cloven hooves and usually at least one of the sexes of a species having true horns. The largest extant bovine is the gaur.

In many countries, bovid milk and meat is used as food by humans. Cattle are kept as livestock almost everywhere except in parts of India and Nepal, where they are considered sacred by most Hindus. Bovids are used as draft animals and as riding animals. Small breeds of domestic bovid, such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets.


A dik-dik is the name for any of four species of small antelope in the genus Madoqua that live in the bushlands of eastern and southern Africa.

Dik-diks stand about 30–40 centimetres (12–15.5 in) at the shoulder, are 50–70 cm (19.5–27.5 in) long, weigh 3–6 kilograms (6.6–13.2 lb) and can live for up to 10 years. Dik-diks are named for the alarm calls of the females. In addition to the females' alarm call, both the male and female make a shrill, whistling sound. These calls may alert other animals to predators.

Flores warty pig

The Flores warty pig (Sus heureni), is a species of in the pig genus (Sus) found in southern Asia.

Grazing antelope

A grazing antelope is any of the species of antelope that make up the subfamily Hippotraginae of the family Bovidae. As grazers, rather than browsers, the "Hippo" in Hippotraginae refers to the slightly horse-like characteristics of body size and proportions: long legs and a solid body with a relatively thick muscular neck.

Subfamily Hippotraginae

Genus Hippotragus

Roan antelope, Hippotragus equinus

Sable antelope, Hippotragus niger

Giant sable antelope Hippotragus niger varani

Bluebuck, Hippotragus leucophaeus (extinct)

Genus Oryx

East African oryx, Oryx beisa

Common beisa oryx, Oryx beisa beisa

Fringe-eared oryx, Oryx beisa callotis

Scimitar oryx, Oryx dammah

Gemsbok, Oryx gazella

Arabian oryx, Oryx leucoryx

Genus Addax

Addax, Addax nasomaculatus

Günther's dik-dik

The Günther's dik-dik (Madoqua guentheri) is a small antelope found in arid zones of East Africa.

Heuglin's gazelle

Heuglin's gazelle or Eritrean gazelle (Eudorcas tilonura) is a species of gazelle found east of the river Nile in Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Il primo giorno di primavera

"Il primo giorno di primavera" (literally "The first day of spring") is a 1968 song composed by Mario Lavezzi, Cristiano Minellono and Mogol and performed by the musical group Dik Dik.

The song was one of the band's major hits, its lyrics were praised by critics for their realism and for their original vocabulary, while the music and the arrangements reprised the style and the structure of Procol Harum's "A Whiter Shade of Pale", of whom Dik Dik had previously led to success with an Italian language cover, "Senza luce". The song marked the debut as composer of Mario Lavezzi.

Kirk's dik-dik

Kirk's dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii) is a small antelope native to Eastern Africa and one of four species of dik-dik antelope. It is believed to have six subspecies and possibly a seventh existing in southwest Africa. Dik-diks are herbivores, typically of a fawn color that aids in camouflaging themselves in savannah habitats. According to MacDonald (1985), they are also capable of reaching speeds up to 42 km/hour. The lifespan of Kirk's dik-dik in the wild is typically 5 years, but may surpass 10 years. In captivity, males have been known to live up to 16.5 years, while females have lived up to 18.4 years.

List of Ultimate Muscle characters

The following is a list of characters who appear in Yudetamago's manga and anime series Ultimate Muscle/Kinnikuman Nisei.

Luigi Albertelli

Luigi Albertelli (born 21 June 1934) is an Italian lyricist.

Born in Tortona, Alessandria, Albertelli debuted as a lyricist in the second half of the 1960s and got his first success in 1969 with the song "Zingara", which won the nineteenth edition of the Sanremo Music Festival and was a number 1 hit.Characterized by an elegant and refined style, his collaborations include Mina, Milva, Drupi, Mia Martini, Caterina Caselli, Dik Dik, Fiordaliso. In 1987 his song "La notte dei pensieri" won the Newcomers competition at the 37th Sanremo Music Festival.


Nanger is a genus of antelopes, commonly called gazelles. Nanger was originally considered a subgenus within the genus Gazella, but has since been elevated to genus status. The three species within the genus Nanger are:

Nanger vanhoepeni†


The tribe Neotragini comprises the dwarf antelopes of Africa:


Beira D. megalotis


Günther's dik-dik M. guentheri

Kirk's dik-dik M. kirkii

Silver dik-dik M. piacentinii

Salt's dik-dik M. saltiana


Bates's pygmy antelope N. batesi

Suni N. moschatus

Royal antelope N. pygmaeus


Klipspringer O. oreotragus


Oribi O. ourebi


Steenbok R. campestris

Cape grysbok R. melanotis

Sharpe's grysbok R. sharpeiSome mammalogists (Haltenorth, 1963) considered this group as a distinct subfamily (Neotraginae).


Neotragus is a genus of dwarf antelope, native to Africa.

The genus includes only a single species without any dispute, namely Neotragus pygmaeus. Recent nucleic acid studies now suggest that the other two species formerly included in the genus are not closely related, and should be assigned to the genus Nesotragus.

Salt's dik-dik

Salt's dik-dik (Madoqua saltiana) is a small antelope found in semidesert, bushland, and thickets in the Horn of Africa, but marginally also in northern Kenya and eastern Sudan. It is named after Henry Salt, who discovered it in Abyssinia in the early 19th century.

Silver dik-dik

The silver dik-dik (Madoqua piacentinii) is a small antelope found in low, dense thickets along the southeastern coast of Somalia and in Acacia-Commiphora bushland in the Shebelle Valley in southeastern Ethiopia. It is the smallest species of dik-dik, with a length of 45–50 cm (18–20 in), a height of 30–33 cm (12–13 in), and a weight of 2–3 kg (4.4–6.6 lb). Its back and flanks are grizzled silvery, while the limbs, ears, and muzzle are ochraceus in colour. Little is known about its status, but numbers are believed to be decreasing.Together with the closely related Salt's dik-dik, this species forms the subgenus Madoqua in the genus Madoqua (other dik-diks are also in the genus Madoqua, but the subgenus Rhynchotragus). The taxonomy of this subgenus is complex and a matter of dispute. Though most recent authorities treat the silver dik-dik as a monotypic species, the silver dik-dik has been suggested as a subspecies of Swayne's dik-dik (itself now usually treated as a subspecies of Salt's dik-dik).

Timor warty pig

The Timor warty pig (Sus celebensis timoriensis) is a subspecies of Sus celebensis, or Celebes warty pig. Though described as a separate species, it is a feral form of the Celebes warty pig found in the Lesser Sunda Islands.

Zodiac Zoos

Zodiac Zoos (officially Zodiac Zoos B.V.) is a Dutch corporation that owns and operates Aqua Zoo Friesland, Zoo Wissel, Zoo Labyrinth Boekelo, Zoo Park Overloon, and Castle Arcen.The Zodiac Animals Foundation manages the animal collection of the Zodiac Zoos, which includes agile mangabeys, pygmy hippopotamuses, ruffed lemurs, cheetahs, ring-tailed lemurs, Parma wallaby, Kirk’s dik-dik, binturong, Von der Decken’s hornbill, cotton-top tamarins, white-cheeked gibbons, lion-tailed macaques, and Humboldt penguins.Zodiac Zoos, together with the Van Hall Institute of the College Zoo in Leeuwarden have created an internship program in which animal management students can intern at one of the Zodiac zoos.


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