The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process, mainly begun in 2006 (for terrestrial broadcasting), in which older analog televisionbroadcasting technology is converted to and replaced by digital television. Conducted by individual nations on different schedules, this primarily involves the conversion of analog terrestrial television broadcasting infrastructure to digital terrestrial. However, it also involves analog cable conversion to digital cable or internet protocol television, as well as analog to digital satellite television. Transition of land based broadcasting was begun by some countries around 2000. By contrast, transition of satellite television systems was well underway or completed in many counties by this time. It is an involved process because the existing analog television receivers owned by viewers cannot receive digital broadcasts; viewers must either purchase new digital TVs, or converter boxes which change the digital signal to an analog signal or some other form of a digital signal (i.e. HDMI) which can be received on the older TV.
In many countries, a simulcast service is operated where a broadcast is made available to viewers in both analog and digital at the same time. As digital becomes more popular, it is expected that the existing analog services will be removed. In most places this has already happened, where a broadcaster has offered incentives to viewers to encourage them to switch to digital. In other cases government policies have been introduced to encourage or force the switchover process, especially with regard to terrestrial broadcasts. Government intervention usually involves providing some funding for broadcasters and, in some cases, monetary relief to viewers, to enable a switchover to happen by a given deadline. Governments can also require all receiving equipment sold in a country to support the necessary digital reception 'tuner'.
The switchover process is being accomplished on different schedules in different countries; in some countries it is being implemented in stages as in Australia, Brazil, India, Mexico, and the United Kingdom, where each region has a separate date to switch off. In others, the whole country switches on one date, such as the Netherlands, which switched off its analog terrestrial services on 11 December 2006. On 3 August 2003, Berlin became the world's first city to switch off terrestrial analog signals.Luxembourg was the first country to complete its terrestrial switchover, in September 2006.
Transition progress: Transition completed; all analog signals terminated Transition partially completed; most analog signals terminated Transition in progress; broadcasting both analog and digital signals Transition in early phases or has not yet started Broadcasts analog signals only No information available
The Geneva 2006 Agreement set 17 June 2015 as the date after which countries may use frequencies currently assigned for analog television transmission for digital services, without being required to protect the analog services of neighbouring countries against interference. This date was generally viewed as an internationally mandated analog switch-off date, at least along national borders. The European Commission has recommended that digital switchover should be completed by 1 January 2012 - Commission Recommendation 2009/848/EC, of 28 October 2009.
Satellite and Cable
Satellite broadcasting switched to digital much earlier than terrestrial broadcasting. The switchover process is much easier for satellite since only changes to the earth station equipment are needed on the transmission side and consumers are already used to having a set top box/decoder. In many places, the satellite switchover was complete before terrestrial switchover was even started. Cable on the other hand would switch off months, if not years after terrestrial did.
Transitions around the world
Algeria: Digital broadcasting started in 2009, analog signals were switched off on 10 November 2014.
Gabon had turned off all analog signals on 17 June 2016.
Ghana: Analog switch-off occurred in June 2015, switching to DVB-T.
Kenya: Analog switch off was supposed to take place in 2013, however media houses challenged the move in court and the switch off has since been moved to 31 December 2014 for the metropolitan areas and their surroundings while in the rest of the country switched to DVB-T2 in March 2015.
Canada: Canada's DTV transition was completed in 28 mandatory markets on Wednesday, 31 August 2011. Some CBC analog transmitters in mandatory markets were permitted to operate for another year, and transmitters outside mandatory markets were given the option of converting to digital, or remaining in analog. The CBC decided to shut down all (more than 600) of its remaining analog transmitters on Tuesday, 31 July 2012, without replacing them. Also on 31 August 2011, all full-power TV transmitters had to vacate channels 52 to 69.
Mexico: Digital broadcasts started in 2000, with the first being Tijuana's XETV – an English-language television station that primarily served San Diego, California between the 1960s and the early 2010s. Analog shutdown was originally scheduled to occur in 2012, but on Thursday, 2 September 2010, Mexican government advanced the analog shutdown from 2012 to 2015. From 2013, areas began to be switched over regionally depending on the presence of digital terrestrial stations and a campaign headed by the SCT to distribute free television converters to households on the government welfare rolls. The first digital switchover was to begin on Tuesday, 28 May 2013 in Tijuana, but was postponed to 18 July due to the 2013 Baja California state elections. The switchover was completed nationwide on 31 December 2015, when all remaining analog television stations left the air. Mexico then instituted a nationwide remapping of network stations in late 2015 requiring most of them to map to the channel number in either Mexico City, or for regional networks, the main metro area served by the network's flagship station.
Bahrain: The analog terrestrial transmissions were terminated on Monday, 13 February 2012 and was replaced by a multiplex for Nilesat. The government plans to shut off analog cable by 31 March 2023. Bahrain was transitioning from using MPEG-2 to MPEG-4 for its terrestrial broadcasts, a process which began on Sunday, 26 August 2012. Bahrain adopted DVB-T2 in March 2013. Analog satellite transmission were switched off on Monday, 1 March 2004. Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Arab world on Thursday, 20 September 2007 (known as Nilesat).
Japan: The analog shutdown began on 24 July 2010 in Suzu, Ishikawa as a pilot experiment. Analog terrestrial television transmissions in the remainder of Ishikawa Prefecture and 43 other prefectures, as well as analog Broadcast Satellite and Wowow services, ended at noon on Sunday 24 July 2011, along with the analog satellite services; three remaining prefectures (Fukushima, Iwate, and Miyagi) that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the 11 March 2011 9.0 magnitude Tohoku earthquake and its related nuclear accidents stopped analog broadcasting at noon on Saturday, 31 March 2012. In both of those cases, the analog transmitters themselves were switched off at midnight on the same day. Analog high-definition television broadcasting ended on Sunday, 30 September 2007. Like Netherlands, Germany and Sweden, an analog cable service (known as Dejiana since 1 July 2011) continued to be broadcast, but starting on 1 April 2012, all cable providers in Japan were required to convert from analog to digital services. Most analog cable services were terminated between 24 July 2011 and April 2015. All television stations across the country are now broadcasting only in digital, ending an analog-digital simulcast period that began on Monday 1 December 2003 in the Kantō region (which expanded to all other prefectures over the next four years) and ended between 24 July 2011 and 31 March 2012 (when all analog transmissions were shut down).
South Korea: Digital switchover progressed region–by–region, with the first analog transmitters in Uljin, North Gyeongsang Province ending transmissions on Wednesday, 1 September 2010. Analog broadcasting official officially ended Monday 31 December 2012 at 04:00 KST when the analog cable television and analog transmitters in Seoul, Gyeonggi Province and Incheon ended transmissions. A few border analog transmitters targeting North Korea were switched off in June 2015.
Qatar: The analog terrestrial transmissions were terminated on Monday, 13 February 2012 and was replaced by a multiplex for Nilesat. The government plans to shut off analog cable by 31 March 2023. Qatar was transitioning from using MPEG-2 to MPEG-4 for its terrestrial broadcasts, a process which began on Sunday, 26 August 2012. Qatar adopted DVB-T2 in February 2013. Analog satellite transmission were switched off on Monday, 1 March 2004. Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Arab world on Monday, 1 January 2001 (known as Nilesat).
Saudi Arabia: The analog terrestrial transmissions were terminated on Monday, 13 February 2012 and was replaced by a multiplex for Nilesat. The government plans to shut off analog cable by 31 March 2023. Saudi Arabia was transitioning from using MPEG-2 to MPEG-4 for its terrestrial broadcasts, a process which began on Sunday, 26 August 2012. Saudi Arabia adopted DVB-T2 in March 2013. Analog satellite transmission were switched off on Monday, 1 March 2004. Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Arab world on Monday, 1 January 2001 (known as Nilesat).
Singapore launched digital terrestrial television under MediaCorp in June 2006 (DVB-T) and December 2013 (DVB-T2). The country announced that free-to-air broadcaster MediaCorp will transmit all its free-to-air channels digitally in DVB-T2. In 2016, it was announced that analogue TV channels would cease its broadcast by the end of 2017 and MediaCorp TV channels will be broadcast in digital only. On 6 November 2017, IMDA announced that it had further extended their analogue broadcasting until 31 December 2018 (extended from the intended date of 19 February 2018), in order to facilitate more time for Singapore households to switch to digital TV as soon as possible. On the same day, an "Analogue" watermark was placed on the bottom of the channel logos (and later since 17 September 2018, reduced screen sizes with information on switching digital television) to differentiate televisions using analogue broadcasts. On 21 December 2018, the broadcast was extended by one day. At 00:00 on 2 January 2019, the digital transition was completed and normal programming on all analogue television signals was replaced by an information screen; the analogue signals ceased transmitting altogether on 6 January 2019.
Taiwan: Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Taiwan on Friday, 2 July 2004. Analog terrestrial television ended transmission on Saturday, 30 June 2012. The shut down of analog cable television is in progress.
United Arab Emirates: The analog terrestrial transmissions were terminated on Monday, 13 February 2012 and was replaced by a multiplex for Nilesat. The government plans to shut off analog cable by 31 March 2023. United Arab Emirates were transitioning from using MPEG-2 to MPEG-4 for its terrestrial broadcasts, a process which began on Sunday, 26 August 2012. United Arab Emirates adopted DVB-T2 in February 2013. Analog satellite transmission were switched off on Monday, 1 March 2004. Digital television launched terrestrially throughout Arab world on Monday, 1 January 2001 (known as Nilesat).
Uzbekistan: the launch of digital broadcasting began on January 15, 2018. The first regions to turn off their analogue broadcasts were Andijan, Fergana, Namangam and Tashkent regions. In 15 July 2018, the switchoff was completed on the city of Tashkent, and on 5 December 2018, the shutdown of analog television in Uzbekistan was completed.
Andorra completed its switch-off on Tuesday 25 September 2007.
Armenia: Has shut down analog signals on 10 July 2015.
Austria: Began analog switch-off on Monday, 5 March 2007, progressing from the west to the east. The analog broadcast was shut down nationwide at the end of 2010 regarding the main transmitters. The last analog translators were switched off on 7 June 2011.
Azerbaijan: Began analog switch-off on Sunday, 17 October 2010, completed on 17 June 2015.
Belarus: Analogue broadcasting was disabled 15 May 2015 in UHF band and 16 June 2015 in the VHF band (channels 6-12). The final analogue switch-off occurred at the end of 2015.
Belgium: Media regulations are under regional legislation. Flanders switched off analog television on Monday 3 November 2008, while in Wallonia, all analog services were switched off on Monday, 1 March 2010, making the country completely serviced by digital signal. However, analog cable is still used by many cable subscribers, so therefore a cable switchover is unlikely to happen in the near future.
Bulgaria: The analog signal was officially terminated on Monday, 30 September 2013.
Croatia: Analog television broadcasts were switched off for all national TV channels on Tuesday 5 October 2010 at 12:35 and for local TV channels on Saturday 20 November 2010.
Cyprus terminated all analog transmissions on Thursday 30 June 2011 and moved to digital-only transmissions in MPEG-4 on Friday 1 July 2011.
Czech Republic: The last analog retransmitters in the south-east Moravia and the northern Moravia - Silesia were switched off on Saturday, 30 June 2012.
Denmark switched off all terrestrial analog services at midnight on Sunday 1 November 2009. Analogue cable was switched off on 9 February 2016.
Estonia's analog television was switched off completely on Thursday, 1 July 2010.
Analog closedown warning broadcast in Finland.
Finland ceased analog terrestrial transmissions nationwide at 04:00, Saturday, 1 September 2007 (the switch-off was previously planned for midnight on 1 September but a few extra hours were added for technical reasons). This was controversial, as the cost of a digital TV set in Finland at the time was heavily criticised and saw a substantial decrease in how much the television license cost. Cable TV viewers continued to receive analog broadcasts until the end of February 2008.
Germany started the switch-off in the Berlin area, beginning on Friday, 1 November 2002 and completing on Monday 4 August 2003. "Simulcast" digital transmissions started in other parts of the country in an effort to prepare for a full switchover. The switch-off of terrestrial analog transmitters was completed on Tuesday 25 November 2007, except one main transmitter in Bad Mergentheim, which was shut down in June 2009. Analog satellite receivers were still used by 6% of households in 2010 - the highest in Europe. The analog satellite transmissions were switched off on Monday 30 April 2012, being the last in Europe. However, analog cable is still used by about 30% of the population and 55% of all cable broadcasts, so therefore a cable switchover is unlikely to happen in the near future. The cable TV provider Unitymedia switched off analog cable on 27 June 2017.
Georgia: Analog broadcasts should have been switched off 17 June 2015, but due to the flooding in Tbilisi, which occurred on the night of 13 to 14 June 2015 analogue switch-off happened on 1 July 2015.
Greece: The analog terrestrial transmissions were terminated on Friday, 6 February 2015.
Hungary: Hungarian analog terrestrial transmissions stopped on Thursday, 31 October 2013, after completing two phases that ended on 31 July and 31 October, respectively.
Iceland: All analog terrestrial transmissions were switched off on Monday, 2 February 2015.
Ireland: Digital television was launched in Ireland as Saorview on Friday 29 October 2010. At launch it had 5 standard-definition channels and 1 high-definition channel. The analog service was terminated on Wednesday 24 October 2012 and was replaced by a second multiplex for Saorview. A small number of low power independent analog re-broadcast systems remained licensed until the Monday 31 December 2012. There has been no date released for the shutdown of analog cable, and many major cable companies (e.g. Virgin Media Ireland) are still actively offering analog. Analog satellite was discontinued on Thursday 27 September 2001, making the UK and Ireland the first countries in Europe with digital-only satellite.
Israel started digital transmissions in MPEG-4 on Sunday 2 August 2009 and analog transmissions ended on Thursday 31 March 2011.
Italy: The conversion to digital television progressed region–by–region. It started in Sardinia on Wednesday 15 October 2008, and was completed on Wednesday 4 July 2012, when the last analog transmitters in the Province of Palermo were shut down.
Latvia's analog television completely converted to digital broadcasting on Tuesday 1 June 2010.
Lithuania: The switch-off of the analog terrestrial transmissions was completed on Monday, 29 October 2012.
Luxembourg shut down their last analog transmitter on UHF Channel 21 on Friday 31 December 2010.
Netherlands moved to digital-only terrestrial broadcasting on Monday, 11 December 2006, being the second country to do so. The switch-off was noticed by few, since the overwhelming majority receive TV via cable and only around 74,000 households relied on terrestrial over-the-air broadcasts. The switch-off was helped greatly as cable continued to use analog distribution, and thus consumers' old tuners continued to be useful. In March 2018, major cable provider Ziggo has announced that it will gradually phase out analogue cable TV transmissions in the next two years.
Norway: The switch-off of the analog transmissions started in March 2008 and was completed on Tuesday 1 December 2009. Norway started its DTT service on the Saturday 1 September 2007.
Poland: The switch-off of the analog terrestrial transmissions was completed on Tuesday, 23 July 2013.
Portugal: Digital terrestrial broadcasts started on Wednesday 29 April 2009. Portugal's government hoped to cover 80% of the territory with digital terrestrial TV by the end of 2009, and simulcasts remained until Thursday 26 April 2012, when the analog broadcasting ended. This switchover began on Thursday 12 January 2012. Analog cable is still available from all pay-TV providers (including fiber), for homes with multiple televisions. There are no plans in place to switch-off analog cable. The digital versions of all channels have traditionally been encrypted and could only be accessed with a proprietary set-top-box, which subscribers had to pay for with a monthly fee. Starting in October 2017, cable provider NOS unencrypted the digital versions of its base channels, enabling them to be tuned directly by televisions with support for MPEG-4 (or digital terrestrial) or any freely available digital tuner. Channels belonging to subscription packs, as well as premium channels, still require a proprietary set top box to be viewed. Other pay-TV providers - Vodafone, NOWO and Meo - similarly no longer encrypt the digital versions of their base channels.
Romania has one of the highest pay-TV penetration rates in Europe, with over 98% of homes receiving cable or satellite TV services. Also over 90% of population is covered with DVB-T2 digital terrestrial television signal. The last analog transmitters were switched off on 1 May 2018 when TVR decided to order the shut down due to low demand and high operating costs.
San Marino completed its switch-off on Thursday 2 December 2010.
Serbia launched its first DTT transmissions in 2005. The first DTT-only channel was made available in 2008. As of 2013, the DVB-T2 network covers Belgrade and much of Vojvodina, several cities in Šumadija and Western Serbia and the southern city of Niš. Digital TV switchover for 98% of citizens started on 1 September 2014. Transition progressed in six stages. First switchoff took place in Vršac on 15 April 2015. Last switchoff took place on 7 June 2015.
Slovakia: Slovakia finished analog transmission broadcasts on Monday, 31 December 2012.
Slovenia: The switch-off of main transmitters was completed on Wednesday 1 December 2010. The last local analog transmitters were switched off on Thursday 30 June 2011.
Analog closedown warning broadcast in Spain
Spain: The switch-off of the analog terrestrial transmissions was completed on Saturday 3 April 2010. The switch-off was successful, as about 70% of Spanish television transmissions are terrestrial, so it was easy for people to just switch to the digital signal. Spain started its DTT service on Wednesday 30 November 2005.
Sweden: The switch-off of the analog terrestrial network progressed region–by–region. It started on the island of Gotland on Monday, 19 September 2005, and was completed on Monday 15 October 2007, when the last analog SVT1 transmitters in Blekinge and western Scania were shut down. Like the Netherlands, Germany and Japan, cable distributors continued broadcasting analog television. Cable broadcasters continue to broadcast in analog (like the Netherlands and Germany), so therefore a cable switchover is unlikely to happen in the near future.
Switzerland began with the switch-off on Monday 24 July 2006 in Ticino and continued with Engadin on Monday 13 November 2006. The switch-off was completed on Monday 26 November 2007. A very high percentage of Swiss viewers receive their signals via cable distributors. By 2012 40% of cable viewers had switched to digital. Analog cable was switched off on 1 January 2017.
United Kingdom: Digital terrestrial broadcasting began in the UK on Sunday 15 November 1998 with the launch of the ONdigital, later renamed ITV Digital and now Freeview. The transition from analogue and digital to digital-only terrestrial signals started on Wednesday 17 October 2007 with the Whitehaven transmitter in Cumberland, and followed a transmitter switchover timetable, implemented by region. The first constituent country to switch off all its analogue signals was Wales on Wednesday 31 March 2010 and the last region to switch off its analogue signals was Northern Ireland on Wednesday 24 October 2012. Analogue cable broadcasts eventually ended and fully ceased, on 28 November 2013, when Milton Keynes finally saw their service terminate, after a settling of a cable ownership dispute between BT Group and Virgin Media. Analogue satellite was discontinued on Thursday 27 September 2001, making the UK and Ireland the first countries in Europe with digital-only satellite. Analogue transmissions ceased in Gibraltar in December 2012, Isle of Man switched off all analogue services on Thursday 16 July 2009, while Jersey and Guernsey switched off their analogue signals on Wednesday 17 November 2010.
Australia: Digital television commenced in Australia's five most populous cities on Monday 1 January 2001. The Mildura region was the first to terminate its analog network, on Wednesday 30 June 2010. Digital switchover was originally expected to be complete by Tuesday 31 December 2013, however, the last regions to switch over (Melbourne and Remote Eastern/Central Australia) did so slightly earlier, on Tuesday 10 December 2013 at 9:00 am. Until the switch-off in the respective areas, free-to-air stations were simulcast, along with digital-only channels like ABC2. Cable television networks began simulcasting in 2004 and analog cable services were switched off in April 2007. The switchover was co-ordinated by the Digital Switchover Taskforce operating under the federal Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy.
New Zealand: Digital terrestrial television broadcasts began officially in April 2008. analog PAL switchoff started on 30 September 2012 with the North Island's Hawke's Bay region and the South Island's West Coast region and finished with the Upper North Island which was switched off 1 December 2013.
Ivory Coast Launched its DTV service from the Centre Émetteur D'Abobo site in Abidjan on the 8th February 2019. Côte d'Ivoire has committed to complete the migration to DTT by June 2020.
Libya 7 multiplexes of DVB-T were available in Tripoli in 2012.
Morocco: Analogue transmitters on UHF band were switched off on 17 June 2015.Only Al Aoula will stay on analog signal. However, analogue channels in the VHF band are still on air, with an eventual switch off date scheduled for 17 June 2020.
Sudan is broadcasting a number of multiplexes in DVB-T2 (SD & HD) from the nationwide of Sudan TV since late 2015. A single analogue UHF channel remains. Analog television will be turned off on 13 February 2020.
Argentina: Digital television broadcasts started on Tuesday, 9 September 2008 in Buenos Aires. The analog network was to be terminated on 1 January 2019, but it was further postponed until 2021.
Bolivia: The President of the Authority for the Regulation and Control of Telecommunications and Transport (ATT), Roy Méndez, said that in November 2019, the analogue switch-off will take place in La Paz, El Alto, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz.
Analog closedown warning broadcast in Brazil.
Brazil: Began free-to-air HD digital transmissions, after a period of test broadcasts, on Sunday, 2 December 2007 in São Paulo, expanding in 2008 to Brasília, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte. Digital broadcasts were phased into the other 23 state capitals in the following years, and to the remaining cities by Tuesday 31 December 2013. The country started on 1 March 2016 in Rio Verde, Goiás as a pilot experiment, followed by the Federal District and main cities and metropolitan regions from 17 November 2016 to 2020, when it is expected the ending of all analog television broadcasting.
Chile: The transition to digital started in 2012, and will be switched off in 2020.
Colombia: Digital television broadcasts started on Monday, 20 September 2010. The government planned to close down analog broadcast on 31 December 2019, but it was postponed until 2021
Costa Rica: The country was scheduled to shut down analog signals permanently in December 2018 but this was postponed to 15 August 2019.
Cuba began to propose DVB-T in May 2009. However, Cuba opted for the Chinese DMB-T standard and began tests in 2013, with new digital transmitters being rolled out and a shutoff date in 2021.
Dominican Republic: The Dominican Government once set a final analog shut down date of all analog transmissions on 24 September 2015. However, INDOTEL, a telecommunications department of the Dominican Government, postponed it to 9 August 2021.
Panama: Analog tv sets may no longer be sold effective 11 June 2018. From this date, existing stocks may be sold only if provided with a free DVB-T setup box. Starting 11 December 2018, no analog TV sets may be sold. Switchover date is 14 October 2018. 
Paraguay: The transmission of digital television broadcasts started in August 2011, by TV Pública (which belongs to the Paraguayan government) with an initial coverage area of 25 kilometres (about 16 miles) from Asuncion downtown. The analog television system switch-off will take place in 2020.
Peru: Digital television broadcasts started in Lima and Callao (Territory 1) in March 2010, and analog broadcasts are scheduled to be terminated on fourth quarter 2020; Arequipa, Cusco, Trujillo, Piura y Huancayo (territory 2) has a due date to start digital transition in second quarter 2018 and analog broadcasts are scheduled to be terminated on fourth quarter 2022.
United States: On Monday, 8 September 2008, Wilmington, North Carolina became the first city in the United States to fully switch over from analog to digital broadcasts. All analog signals were terminated at noon. This switchover was a test by FCC to make further improvements to the transition process before the whole nation was switched over to digital. Having moved the deadline from 17 February 2009 (some stations still chose to shut down on that date), all VHF transmissions (stations 2–13) and most full-power UHF analog transmitters were shut down on 12 June 2009, with the exception of low-power stations, and "nightlight" stations which broadcast PSAs on the transition until 12 July 2009. Television transmission on channels 52 to 69 was required to cease by Saturday, 31 December 2011, to allow the FCC to commence with the first phase of spectrum reallocation for other services. Class A low-power stations were required to transition by 1 September 2015. The deadline for low-power and translator stations was suspended on 24 April 2015, due to concerns that the then-upcoming spectrum auction could "potentially displace a significant number of LPTV and TV translator stations", and would "[require] analog stations to incur the costs of transitioning to digital before completion of the auction and repacking process". After the auction's completion in 2017, the FCC announced 13 July 2021 as the new analog low-power shutoff date.
Uruguay: Began broadcasting digital television in 2010. The analogue switch-off was planned for 21 November 2015, but was postponed indefinitely.
Venezuela: Digital television transmition began in 2007 for the broadcasting of 2007 Copa América. Later in 20 February 2013 transmisions began nationalwide. Analogue is set to be terminated in 2020 
Afghanistan: 4 channels of DVB-T2 were launched in Kabul in June 2014. ASO has however been repeatedly delayed. There is no date for the switchover.
Cambodia launched DVB-T2 on Tuesday, 9 November 2010, however as at 23 December 2017 the only FTA DVB-T channels appear to be pay TV channels that the provider has erroneously neglected to encrypt. The incumbent FTA channels have thus far not provided DVB-T broadcasts. Analog television will be turn off on 13 May 2020.
China (private networks): After CCTV completely turned off analogue, commercially owned private broadcasters also began converting to digital; they will be switched off no later than 2020.
Hong Kong: The original digital switchover plan was supposed to take place in 2012.. After posponing several times, the government confirmed to terminate analog television broadcast at 1 December 2020 00:00 HKT.
India: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India has set the deadlines for the completion of Phase I (Metro cities) by 31 December 2019, Phase II (cities having a population of more than one million) by 31 December 2021, and Phase III (the rest of India) by 31 December 2023.
Indonesia: Analog switch-off took place in 20 stages. The first phase of analog switch-off will be started on 17 February 2020. Analog broadcasting official completely turned off 12 June 2020. Digital terrestrial television was launched on 21 December 2010 (DVB-T) and 20 November 2013 (DVB-T2). After the auction's completion in 2020, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (KOMINFO) announced 1 September 2025 as the new analog cable shutoff date.
Iran commenced broadcasting digital TV in 2009, using the DVB-T MPEG-4 standard, with 40% of population having access to digital TV by mid-2011. There is no deadline yet for converting analog signals to digital.
Philippines: In June 2010, the National Telecommunications Commission set a deadline of 11:59 p.m. on 31 December 2015 for the discontinuation of analog television. However, since the last quarter of 2014, the digitization deadline has been postponed to 2019 and should be expected that all analog broadcasts will be shut off in 2023.ZOE Broadcasting Network's DZOZ-TV became the first station in the country to permanently cease analog terrestrial operations on 28 February 2017, signaling the start of the country's transition to digital-only broadcasting. Digital television in the Philippines uses the Japanese ISDB standards for its terrestrial broadcast.
Sri Lanka is broadcasting a number of multiplexes in DVB-T2 (SD & HD) nationwide from the Sri Lankan TV channels since late 2013. A few analogue UHF channels remain. Analog television will be turned off on 11 October 2019.
Thailand launched digital terrestrial television in May 2014 after postponing it for 12 years. Analog signals will be switched off will start in 2017 for some channels and will be completed in 2020. As of September 2018, Channel 3 remains the only broadcaster to offer analog services; it is scheduled to broadcast exclusively in digital from late 2019.
Vietnam: The country launched DVB-T unofficially in 1997, and shut down all analog signals on 28 May 2014. However, full migration into digital television may be expected by 2025 or later.
Albania: Analog channels were first shut off on 10 September 2018 in the areas of Durrës and Tirana, but they were restored the following day because the supply of decoders wasn't enough to cover the demand. The date of the switch off was first pushed to 15 January 2019 and now to 1 September 2019. Channels are available in both analog and digital, but there are still some local channels who broadcast only in analog.
Bosnia and Herzegovina : There was a DVB-T service service launched in 2015 but it wasn’t available on all parts of the country until now. Digital television started to happen. First stage of the transition to digital broadcasting which covered Sarajevo, Mostar and Banja Luka was completed on 14 October 2016. The second and third phase will cover six remaining areas for completing MUX-A in the whole territory of the country in the future but for now there’s no date for that.
Moldova: Launched its first dtt service in November 2016. Analogue was supposed to be terminated in a unknown date. However it instead was postponed to 1 January 2019 in Transnistria and 1 March 2020 in other regions.
Russia: On 22 December 2018, Russia completed the creation of the world's largest digital television broadcasting system, with 10,080 transmitters operating at 5040 sites throughout the country. On 3 December 2018, analog transmissions were switched off in Tver Region (including the city of Tver). Analog transmissions in Ryazan Region, Tula Region, Yaroslavl Region, Ulyanovsk Region, Penza Region, Magadan Region, and Chechnya ended on 11 February 2019, while those in 20 other regions (including Moscow and the Moscow Region) were switched off on 15 April 2019. In 3 June 2019, 36 regions will be disconnected (for example, Vladimir region and Samara regions), And on October 14, 2019, 21 regions will be disconnected (other regions) (including St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol); channels that are not offered as multiplex services (i.e. federal and regional channels) will only be available on cable and satellite television services after that date.
Ukraine: All privately-owned networks' analog broadcasts were switched off on 1 August 2018 in the Kiev region, on 1 September 2018 in most parts of the country and again at Russia boarding regions in January 2019. However the channels of UA:PBC, along with some local channels that didn't yet get the license for digital broadcasting, are still broadcasting nationwide in analog . In some areas, there are also some commercial channels staying in analog.
Transitions not yet started
South Sudan The state broadcaster SSBC has expressed interest in DVB-T2, but no budget has been allocated for the project.
Trinidad and Tobago estimated to be completed by 2020 but as of 31 July 2017 no terrestrial TV station has switched to digital broadcasting yet. ATSC is currently being considered.
Laos: Chinese-owned digital television provider launched in 2007 with DTMB system. There is no plan for switchover in Laos.
North Korea: On 19 January 2015, Korean Central Television, the country's state broadcaster, began broadcasting via digital satellite. However, there is no deadline yet for when the analog terrestrial network will switch over to digital.
Kosovo (partially recognized state): There is no plan for a switchover in Kosovo.
Turkey launched trial digital transmissions in 2006 and originally planned to gradually handle the switchover, with a completion date of March 2015. In 2013 the broadcasting regulator awarded a license to a firm, but was cancelled in 2014 after the Supreme Court upheld a complaint against the process. New licenses have been proposed, but as of 2017 Turkey still has no DTT network, and it is still unclear if it would ever be rolled out with satellite having an 80% penetration.
Analog only TVs are incapable of receiving over-the-air broadcasts without the addition of a set-top converter box. Consequently, a digital converter box – an electronic device that connects to an analog television – must be used in order to allow the television to receive digital broadcasts. In the United States, the government subsidized the purchase of such boxes for consumers via their coupon-eligible converter box program in 2009, funded by a small part of the billions of dollars brought in by a spectrum auction. The program was managed by the Department of Commerce through its National Telecommunications and Information Administration.
Televisions with integrated digital tuners have been available for a considerable time. This means that the need for a set-top box is usually no longer necessary.
^"Announcement". Digea. December 2014. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. ANNOUNCEMENT Saturday, December 27, 2014 the morning will begin digital broadcasting (while stopping analogue) of the centers: Agios Athanasios Water Tower Gate Tsotyli Vounasa Royal Polygyros Delvinaki Curse Granitsopoula Igoumenitsa Korfovouni Amfilochia Those viewers covered by these centers will need to have receiver (TV or decoder) that supports MPEG4 technology and coordinate the morning of December 27 the new frequencies. Those viewers already receive terrestrial digital TV signal need not make any action.
The Digital Television Transition and Public Safety Act of 2005 is a United States Congress legislation enacted on October 20, 2005. This act deals with the cessation of the broadcasting of analog television and the subsequent implementation of digital television. This transition took place on June 12, 2009, which had been scheduled for February 17, 2009.
Digital broadcasting is the practice of using digital signals rather than analogue signals for broadcasting over radio frequency bands. Digital television broadcasting (especially satellite television) is widespread. Digital audio broadcasting is being adopted more slowly for radio broadcasting where it is mainly used in Satellite radio.
Digital links, thanks to the use of data compression, generally have greater spectral efficiency than analog links. Content providers can provide more services or a higher-quality signal than was previously available.
It is estimated that the share of digital broadcasting increased from 7% of the total amount of broadcast information in 2000, to 25% in 2007. Some countries have completed a Digital television transition.
The digital dividend refers to the radio spectrum which is released in the process of digital television transition. When television broadcasters switch from analog TV to digital-only platforms, part of the electromagnetic spectrum that has been used for broadcasting will be freed-up because digital television needs less spectrum than analog television. One reason is that new digital video compression technology can transmit numerous digital subchannels using the same amount of spectrum used to transmit one analog TV channel. However, the primary reason is that digital transmissions require much less of a guard band on either side, since they are not nearly as prone to RF interference from adjacent channels. Because of this, there is no longer any need to leave empty channels to protect stations from each other, in turn allowing stations to be repacked into fewer channels, leaving more contiguous spectrum to be allocated for other wireless services.
The digital dividend usually locates at frequency bands from 174 to 230 MHz (VHF) and from 470 to 862 MHz (UHF). However, the location and size of digital dividend vary among countries due to the factors including geographical position and penetration of satellite/cable services.
As a result of the technological transition, a significant number of governments are now planning for or allocating their digital dividends. For examples, the United States completed its transition on 12 June 2009 and auctioned the spectrum. Meanwhile, Australia is still planning for it.
Digital terrestrial television in Canada (often shortened to DTT) is transmitted using the ATSC standard. Because Canada and the U.S. use the same standard and frequencies for channels, people near the Canada–United States border can watch digital television programming from television stations in either country where available. The ATSC standards are also used in Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Suriname and South Korea.
Jurisdiction over terrestrial broadcasting in Canada is primarily regulated by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada and the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada has jurisdiction over the allotment of the terrestrial spectrum and the CRTC has jurisdiction over the allotment of broadcast licences.
The CRTC imposed in 28 mandatory markets a digital transition deadline for full power transmitters of August 31, 2011, with the exception of some CBC transmitters. Two weeks before the deadline, the CBC transmitters were given a temporary one-year extension to remain in analogue. No digital transition deadline has been set for low-power analogue transmitters and analogue transmitters outside the 28 mandatory markets.
In January 2007, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada stopped issuing licences within Canada for new television transmitters broadcasting in analogue.All remaining analogue terrestrial television signals across Canada are scheduled to be shut down no later than 2022.
The digital transition in the United States was the switchover from analog to exclusively digital broadcasting of terrestrial television television programming. According to David Rehr, then president and CEO of the National Association of Broadcasters, this transition represented "the most significant advancement of television technology since color TV was introduced." For full-power TV stations, the transition went into effect on June 12, 2009, with stations ending regular programming on their analog signals no later than 11:59 p.m. local time that day.Under the Digital Transition and Public Safety Act of 2005, full-power broadcasting of analog television in the United States was initially planned to have ceased after February 17, 2009. To help U.S. consumers through the conversion, the Act also established a federally sponsored DTV Converter Box Coupon Program.
The DTV Delay Act changed the mandatory analog cutoff date to June 12, although stations were permitted to cease analog transmissions before the new mandatory cutoff date. The legislation was enacted on February 4, 2009, and on February 11, 2009, President Barack Obama signed it into law. The purpose of the extension was to help the millions of households who had not been able to get their coupons for converters because demand for coupons exceeded the funding provided for in the initial bill, leaving millions on a waiting list to receive coupons. Funding for extra coupons was provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. By midnight on the original cut-off date of February 17, 2009, 641 stations representing 36 percent of U.S. full-power broadcasters were transmitting exclusively in digital.Analog broadcasting did not cease entirely following the June 12 deadline: under the provisions of the Short-term Analog Flash and Emergency Readiness Act, approximately 120 full-power stations briefly maintained analog "nightlight" service, ending no later than July 12. In a separate category, low power television stations were permitted to continue analog broadcasts for several more years.
On July 15, 2011, the FCC posted the required transition deadlines for low power television. Stations broadcasting on channels 52 to 69 were required to vacate those channels by December 31, 2011, and all analog television transmitters (primarily low-powered (LP), and Class-A low-powered (-CA) stations, and also broadcast translator (TX) repeaters in rural communities) were required to shut down by September 1, 2015. On April 24, 2015, it was announced that the conversion date for standard LPTVs and translators still broadcasting in analog had been suspended until further notice, due to economic problems that may arise from the then-upcoming spectrum auction; however, Class A low-powered stations were still required to convert by the original deadline date of September 1, 2015. After the auction's completion in 2017, the FCC announced on May 17 of that year that all analog low-power stations and transmitters must convert by July 13, 2021.
ERT Digital (Greek: ΕΡΤ Ψηφιακή) was a pilot project by ERT, the public broadcaster of Greece. It was the first legal attempt at digital television broadcasting in Greece, featuring four new channels: Cine+, Prisma+ Sport+ and Info+. It was officially launched in early 2006 as part of the digital television transition mandated by the European Union. The project was funded through ERT's budget and had no advertising.
In the initial phase of the program, each channel was to broadcast between six and ten hours of original programming. This would last approximately 1–2 years in which time it was anticipated that new programming would be produced for each channel. ERT also hoped to launch at least two more digital channels at some point in the future, a lifestyle channel and a children's channel. The programming on the four digital channels was separate and distinct from that featured on ERT's three traditional analogue services - ΕΤ1, ΝΕΤ and ΕΤ3.
ERT Digital was available to approximately 65% of the population, mainly in Athens, Thessaloniki and some other major cities. It broadcast free-to-air without any subscription cost, requiring only a generic DVB-T set-top box. The issue of paying for the four digital channels had been a bone of contention for many Greek citizens as ERT was funded by a fee levied on all Greek households through their electricity bills. Some contended that they should not have to pay for a service they might not be able to receive or did not want to watch.
This is a list of broadcast television stations serving cities in the Canadian province of Ontario. Note: Due to the mandatory digital television transition on August 31, 2011, most of these stations are broadcasting in digital only.
RabbitEars is a website dedicated to providing information on over-the-air digital television in the United States, its territories and protectorates, and border areas of Canada and Mexico. Aside from merely listing network affiliations and technical data, notations of stations carrying Descriptive Video Service, TVGOS, UpdateTV, Sezmi, Mobile DTV, and MediaFLO are also now covered on the site. RabbitEars also maintains a spreadsheet of current television stations.
RabbitEars.Info has been cited by The New York Times, The Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, the Columbus Dispatch, and the Gotham Gazette for news stories, the Electric Pi Journal, CEOutlook, Sony's eSupport, and Crutchfield websites for additional technical information, and WCCB-TV,WOLO-TV, and WGHP television stations in relation to the digital television transition.
WCVN-TV is a television station that is licensed to Covington, Kentucky. Also serving the Cincinnati, Ohio metro area and the Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana tri-state, the station is a broadcast relay station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET). As a KET satellite, the station is owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television. It is one of three PBS affiliates serving the Cincinnati market, broadcasting opposite of WCET-TV/Cincinnati and WPTO/Oxford, a unit of WPTD/Dayton.
The station's master control hub and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The station's digital signal is broadcast over UHF channel 24 (virtual channel 54 via PSIP), and it originates from a transmitter located near the Interstate 275 exit 79 interchange with Kentucky Route 16 near Winston Park, in Kenton County.
WKHA-TV is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to and located in Hazard, Kentucky. The station is a broadcast relay station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET) serving the southeastern Kentucky mountain areas. As a KET satellite, the station is a PBS affiliate owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television.
The station's master control hub and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The station transmits its signal on UHF channel 16 (virtual channel 35 via PSIP) from its transmitter located near Viper, in southern Perry County.
WKLE is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to Lexington, Kentucky, and serving the central Kentucky Bluegrass region. The station is the flagship station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET), and serves as a PBS affiliate owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television.
The station's master control hub and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center, located at 600 Cooper Drive in Lexington, Kentucky. The station transmits its signal on UHF channel 42 (virtual channel 46 via PSIP) from a transmitter tower located near the corner of Simpson Lane and Igo in northern Madison County near Boonesborough and the Fort Boonesborough State Park, and can be easily be seen from the I-75 Exit 97 interchange.
WKMJ-TV is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to and located in Louisville, Kentucky. It is the flagship station for KET2, the second television service of Kentucky Educational Television (KET), which is owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television, a unit of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.
The station's master control and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. WKMJ's transmitter, like those of several other Louisville stations including main KET transmitter WKPC-TV, is located at the Tower Farm at Floyds Knobs, in Floyd County, Indiana. WKMJ and WKPC are the only KET-owned stations whose transmitters are outside Kentucky's borders.
WKOH is a is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to Owensboro, Kentucky. The station is a broadcast relay station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET) serving northwestern Kentucky and the Evansville, Indiana-Henderson/Owensboro area. As a KET satellite, the station is a PBS affiliate owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television.
The station's master control and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The station transmits its signal on UHF channel 30 (virtual channel 31 via PSIP) from its transmitter located near Reed, Kentucky, in eastern Henderson County along U.S. Highway 60.
WKPI-TV is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to Pikeville, Kentucky. The station is a broadcast relay station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET) serving far eastern Kentucky, portions of the Virginia panhandle, and far western West Virginia. As a KET satellite, the station is a PBS affiliate owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television.The station's master control hub and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The station transmits its signal on UHF channel 24 (virtual channel 22 via PSIP) from a transmitter tower located at Flatwoods, Kentucky, in southern Pike County.
WKSO-TV is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to Somerset, Kentucky, USA. The station is a broadcast relay station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET) serving southeast central Kentucky, Lake Cumberland, and the southernmost areas of the Daniel Boone National Forest. As a KET satellite, the station is a PBS affiliate owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television.
The station's master control hub and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The station transmits its signal on UHF channel 17 (virtual channel 29 via PSIP) from its transmitter located at Dye Knob, along the Pulaski-Casey County line along State Highway 837 near Mintonville.
WKZT-TV is a non-commercial public television station that is licensed to and located in Elizabethtown, Kentucky. The station is a broadcast relay station of the Kentucky Educational Television network (KET) serving north central Kentucky. As a KET satellite, the station is a PBS affiliate owned by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television.The station's master control hub and internal operations are located at KET's main studios at the O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center in Lexington, Kentucky. The station transmits its signal on UHF channel 43 (virtual channel 23 via PSIP) from its transmitter located on Steel Drive off of US 31W/KY 61 (South Dixie Highway) in Elizabethtown. The transmitter tower can be easily seen from US 31W, KY 61 and I-65.
WLMF-LD is a low-powered television station licensed to Miami, Florida. Founded in 1987 and owned by Paging Systems, Inc., a company based in Burlingame, California, WLMF airs programs from the first channel of SCOLA, a service offering European television news and information .
WLMF moved from channel 53 to channel 51 upon transitioning to digital broadcasting, and has an application for a low-powered digital service that would air on channel 39. Earlier attempts to move to channel 3 were dismissed. The move to channel 51 was required because channels 52 through 59 were discontinued as part of the 2009 digital television transition and sold off as blocks of UHF spectrum.
WPBM-CD is a class-A low-power television station that is licensed to and located in Scottsville, Kentucky, USA. WPBM broadcasts a digital signal on UHF channel 46 (virtual channel 31 via the use of PSIP)from a studio and transmitter site along US Route 31E near Barren River Lake in rural northeastern Allen County not too far from the county's northeastern boundary with Barren County. WPBM upgraded to a full HD signal in March, 2018.
The station currently holds a partial affiliation with The Walk TV and GEB TV.
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