DigitalEurope

DIGITALEUROPE is the European organisation that represents the digital technology industry whose members include 61 major technology companies[1] and 37 national[2] trade associations.[3] It seeks to ensure industry participation in the development and implementation of EU policies" and has several working groups that focus on different aspects of policy—environment, trade, technical and regulatory and the digital economy.[4][5][6] Based in Brussels, Belgium, DIGITALEUROPE represents over 10,000 companies with a combined annual revenue of over €1 trillion.[6]

History

DIGITALEUROPE was formed in 1999 as the European Information and Communications Technology Industry Association (EICTA) by consolidating two former European organizations, ECTEL and EUROBIT, which represented the information and telecommunications industries.[7] EICTA expanded its scope to include the consumer electronics industry; on October 1, 2001, the association merged with the European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers (EACEM). The new joint association changed its name to the European Information, Communications and Consumer Electronics Technology Industry Association (but kept its original acronym, EICTA).[8]

On March 12, 2009, EICTA rebranded as DIGITALEUROPE to better reflect the importance of the consumer electronics sector in Europe and its slogan "Building Digital Europe".[7][9]

On September 5, 2014, DIGITALEUROPE released an "Ultra HD" logo to certify companies that meet their technical requirements.[10][11] The technical requirements for the Ultra HD logo is that the display must have a resolution of at least 3840×2160, a video signal path that does not reduce the resolution, a minimum color space of Rec. 709, and HDMI input that supports HDCP 2.2 content protection.[12]

In November 2014, it publisheda paper called "Law Enforcement Access to Data in the European Cloud" that asks the European Commission to "consider filing an amicus brief" with a U.S. appellate court regarding Microsoft's legal challenge of a U.S. warrant for a Microsoft user's private emails. As DIGITALEUROPE sees it, the fact that the data requested is stored on servers located in Dublin, Ireland, means that U.S. authorities should use mutual legal assistance treaties rather than strong-arming a U.S. multinational, which raises concerns about national sovereignty.[13][14]

Corporate members

Airbus, AMD, Amazon, Apple, BlackBerry Limited, Bose, Brother, CA Technologies, Canon, Cisco, Dell, Dropbox, Epson, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Google, HP, Hitachi, HP, Huawei, IBM, Ingram Micro, Intel, iQor, JVC Kenwood Group, Konica Minolta, Kyocera, Lenovo, Lexmark, LG Electronics, Loewe, Microsoft, Mitsubishi Electric Europe, Motorola Solutions, NEC, Nokia, Nvidia Ltd., Océ, OKI, Oracle, Panasonic Europe, Philips, Pioneer, Qualcomm, Ricoh Europe PLC, Samsung, SAP, SAS, Schneider Electric, Sharp, Siemens, Sony, Swatch Group, Technicolor, Texas Instruments, Toshiba, TP Vision, VMWare, Western Digital, Xerox, Zebra Technologies, ZTE.[15]

National trade associations

Digital Agenda

In anticipation to the publication of Neelie Kroes's Digital Agenda,[16] DIGITALEUROPE released a paper in May 2010 about Europe's digital future which was called "A Transformational Agenda for the Digital Age DIGITALEUROPE’s Vision 2020.

References

  1. ^ http://www.digitaleurope.org/Aboutus/Corporatemembers.aspx
  2. ^ http://www.digitaleurope.org/Aboutus/NationalTradeAssociationsMembers.aspx
  3. ^ "About us". DigitalEurope. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Working Groups". DigitalEurope. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  5. ^ "About us". DigitalEurope. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Global Industry Approves Revision of Supply Chain Communication Guide on Declarable Substance Content in Electrotechnical Products". Consumer Electronics Association. May 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  7. ^ a b "EICTA rebrands itself as 'DIGITALEUROPE'". European Broadcasting Union. March 12, 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  8. ^ "DIGITALEUROPE". Digital Video Broadcasting. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  9. ^ "DigitalEurope Statutes" (PDF). DigitalEurope. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  10. ^ "DIGITALEUROPE launches Ultra High Definition logo for new generation of screens on 5 September at IFA". DigitalEurope. September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "DIGITALEUROPE launches Ultra High Definition logo for new generation of screens". DTG. September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Technical Requirements". DigitalEurope. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Law Enforcement Access to Data in the European Cloud".
  14. ^ Baker, Jennifer (14 November 2014). "Oi, Europe! Tell US feds to GTFO of our servers, say Microsoft and pals". The Register.
  15. ^ "Corporate Members". DigitalEurope. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  16. ^ "Digital Agenda: Commission outlines action plan to boost Europe's prosperity and well-being". europa.eu. European Commission. May 19, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2014.

External links

1080p

1080p (1920×1080 px; also known as Full HD or FHD and BT.709) is a set of HDTV high-definition video modes characterized by 1,920 pixels displayed across the screen horizontally and 1,080 pixels down the screen vertically; the p stands for progressive scan, i.e. non-interlaced. The term usually assumes a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, implying a resolution of 2.1 megapixels. It is often marketed as full HD, to contrast 1080p with 720p resolution screens.

1080p video signals are supported by ATSC standards in the United States and DVB standards in Europe. Applications of the 1080p standard include television broadcasts, Blu-ray Discs, smartphones, Internet content such as YouTube videos and Netflix TV shows and movies, consumer-grade televisions and projectors, computer monitors and video game consoles. Small camcorders, smartphones and digital cameras can capture still and moving images in 1080p resolution.

Common external power supply

In 2009 a European Commission initiative resulted in the specification of a common external power supply (common EPS) for use with data-enabled mobile phones sold in the European Union. The external power supply is the AC power adapter that converts household AC electricity voltages to the much lower DC voltages needed to charge a mobile phone's internal battery. Although compliance is voluntary, a majority of the world's largest mobile phone manufacturers agreed to make their applicable mobile phones compatible with Europe's common external power supply specifications.

Digital rights management

Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works. DRM technologies try to control the use, modification, and distribution of copyrighted works (such as software and multimedia content), as well as systems within devices that enforce these policies.The use of digital rights management is not universally accepted. Proponents of DRM argue that it is necessary to prevent intellectual property from being copied freely, just as physical locks are needed to prevent personal property from being stolen, that it can help the copyright holder maintain artistic control, and that it can ensure continued revenue streams. Those opposed to DRM contend there is no evidence that DRM helps prevent copyright infringement, arguing instead that it serves only to inconvenience legitimate customers, and that DRM helps big business stifle innovation and competition. Furthermore, works can become permanently inaccessible if the DRM scheme changes or if the service is discontinued. DRM can also restrict users from exercising their legal rights under the copyright law, such as backing up copies of CDs or DVDs (instead having to buy another copy, if it can still be purchased), lending materials out through a library, accessing works in the public domain, or using copyrighted materials for research and education under the fair use doctrine. The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and the Free Software Foundation (FSF) consider the use of DRM systems to be an anti-competitive practice.Worldwide, many laws have been created which criminalize the circumvention of DRM, communication about such circumvention, and the creation and distribution of tools used for such circumvention. Such laws are part of the United States' Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and the European Union's Copyright Directive, (the French DADVSI is an example of a member state of the European Union ("EU") implementing the directive).

Diogo Vasconcelos

Diogo Vasconcelos (May 16, 1968 - July 8, 2011) was a Portuguese politician, who focused his work on innovation and on the fundamental role of ICT and next generation broadband for fostering innovation and supporting new decentralized models to address some of the major global societal challenges of the 21st century. Diogo addressed such issues as climate change, urbanization, globalization, ageing population, sustainable prosperity, democracy and citizen’s participation, etc. During his career, he worked with different governments in Europe and the Middle East, with the European Commission, with the UN’s High Commissioner for the Alliance of Civilizations and the European Investment Bank, OECD, among others.

G 3/08

Under case number G 3/08, the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the EPO issued on May 12, 2010 an opinion in response to questions referred to it by the President of the European Patent Office (EPO), Alison Brimelow, on October 22, 2008. The questions subject of the referral related to the patentability of programs for computers under the European Patent Convention (EPC) and were, according to the President of the EPO, of fundamental importance as they related to the definition of "the limits of patentability in the field of computing." In a 55-page long opinion, the Enlarged Board of Appeal considered the referral to be inadmissible because no divergent decisions had been identified in the referral.The referral had been quoted as relating to the "deeply contentious question about how to assess the patentability of software-related inventions". Alison Brimelow had been reported to have been considering referring the issue to the Enlarged Board of Appeal for almost two years.Some amicus curiae briefs had anticipated that the referral would be considered inadmissible under the legal provisions of the EPC, and in particular Article 112(1)(b) EPC.

HD ready

The HD ready is a certification program introduced in 2005 by EICTA (European Information, Communications and Consumer Electronics Technology Industry Associations), now DIGITALEUROPE. HD ready minimum native resolution is 720 rows in widescreen ratio.

There are currently four different labels: "HD ready", "HD TV", "HD ready 1080p", "HD TV 1080p". The logos are awarded to television equipment capable of certain features.

In the United States, a similar "HD Ready" term usually refers to any display that is capable of accepting and displaying a high-definition signal at either 720p, 1080i or 1080p using a component video or digital input, but does not have a built-in HD-capable tuner.

List of software lobbying groups

Software lobbying groups lobby governments and advocate generally to influence technology policy decisions on behalf of their members.

Free Software Foundation

Campaign for Creativity

Association for Competitive Technology

European Information & Communications Technology Industry Association (EICTA), now DigitalEurope

Business Software Alliance

Initiative for Software Choice

Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA)

Overscan

Overscan is a behaviour in certain television sets, in which part of the input picture is shown outside of the visible bounds of the screen. It exists because cathode-ray tube (CRT) television sets from the 1930s through to the early 2000s were highly variable in how the video image was positioned within the borders of the screen. It then became common practice to have video signals with black edges around the picture, which the television was meant to discard in this way.

Rudy Provoost

Rudy Provoost (born 16 October 1959) is a Belgian businessman and entrepreneur.

Text to speech in digital television

Text to speech in digital television refers to digital television products that use speech synthesis (computer generated speech providing a product that “talks” to the end user) to enable access by blind or partially sighted people. By combining a digital television solution (a television, set-top box, personal video recorder or other type of receiver) with a speech synthesis engine, blind and partially sighted people are able to access information that is displayed to other users visually on the screen and therefore can operate the menus and electronic program guides of the receiver.

Ultra-high-definition television

Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K UHD and 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats with an aspect ratio of 16:9. These were first proposed by NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories and later defined and approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).The Consumer Electronics Association announced on October 17, 2012, that "Ultra High Definition", or "Ultra HD", would be used for displays that have an aspect ratio of 16:9 or wider and at least one digital input capable of carrying and presenting native video at a minimum resolution of 3840×2160 pixels. In 2015, the Ultra HD Forum was created to bring together the end-to-end video production ecosystem to ensure interoperability and produce industry guidelines so that adoption of ultra-high-definition television could accelerate. From just 30 in Q3 2015, the forum published a list up to 55 commercial services available around the world offering 4K resolution.The "UHD Alliance", an industry consortium of content creators, distributors, and hardware manufacturers, announced during a Consumer Electronics Show (CES) 2016 press conference its "Ultra HD Premium" specification, which defines resolution, bit depth, color gamut, high-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI) and rendering (HDRR) required for Ultra HD (UHDTV) content and displays to carry their Ultra HD Premium logo.

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