Hildebrand was called "the twentieth-century Doctor of the Church" by Pope Pius XII. Pope John Paul II also greatly admired the work of Hildebrand, remarking once to his widow, Alice von Hildebrand, "Your husband is one of the great ethicists of the twentieth century." Benedict XVI also has a particular admiration and regard for Hildebrand, whom he knew as a young priest in Munich. The degree of Pope Benedict's esteem is expressed in one of his statements about Hildebrand: "When the intellectual history of the Catholic Church in the twentieth century is written, the name of Dietrich von Hildebrand will be most prominent among the figures of our time."
A vocal critic of the changes in the church brought by the Second Vatican Council, Hildebrand became vice director of Luigi Villa's Chiesa viva ("Living Church") and especially resented the new liturgy: "Truly, if one of the devils in C. S. Lewis's The Screwtape Letters had been entrusted with the ruin of the liturgy, he could not have done it better."
Dietrich von Hildebrand
|Born||12 October 1889|
|Died||26 January 1977 (aged 87)|
New Rochelle, New York, United States
|Alma mater||University of Munich|
University of Göttingen
Born and raised in Florence, in the Kingdom of Italy, Hildebrand grew up in a German household, the son of sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand and Irene Schäuffelen, who lived in a former Minim friary. He received his early education from private tutors. Although raised in a home without religion, Hildebrand developed a deep belief in Jesus at a very young age.
Sent to Munich at the age of fifteen for his Abitur, Hildebrand enrolled at the University of Munich two years later, where he joined a circle of students who first followed the philosopher Theodor Lipps but soon were swayed by the teachings of Edmund Husserl. Through this circle he came to know Max Scheler. Because of Scheler's writings Hildebrand converted to Catholicism in 1914. In 1909 he attended the University of Göttingen, where he completed his doctorate in philosophy under Husserl and Adolf Reinach, whom he later credited with shaping his own philosophical system.
In 1912, he married Margaret Denck, and with her had one child, Franz.
In 1913 Hildebrand went to Rome to attend the First Communion of one of his sisters, in a ceremony held in the Catacombs of Callixtus. The following year he and his wife were received into the Catholic Church. Upon the outbreak of the First World War Hildebrand was drafted into service as a physician's assistant in Munich, serving as a kind of surgical nurse.
Hildebrand published his first book, Die Idee der Sittlichen Handlung, in 1916, and two years later, after the war had ended, was given a teaching position at the University of Munich, eventually gaining an assistant professorship there in 1924. By then he had published another work, Sittlichkeit und Ethische Werterkenntniss (1921).
When Hitler came to power in 1933 Hildebrand, a vocal opponent of Hitler and Nazism, fled Germany, going first to Italy, and then to Vienna. There, with the support of the Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss, he founded and edited an anti-Nazi weekly paper, Der Christliche Ständestaat ("The Christian Corporative State"). For this, he was sentenced to death in absentia by the Nazis.
Hildebrand was once again forced to flee when Hitler annexed Austria in 1938. He spent eleven months in Switzerland, near Fribourg. He then moved to Fiac in France, near Toulouse, where he taught at the Catholic University of Toulouse. When the Nazis invaded France in 1940 he went into hiding; after many hardships, and the heroic assistance of Frenchmen, including Edmond Michelet and the American journalist Varian Fry, he was able to escape to Portugal with his wife, their son Franz, and their daughter-in-law. From there they travelled by ship to Brazil and then on to New York City, arriving in 1940. There he taught philosophy at the Jesuit Fordham University on Rose Hill in the Bronx where he then mentored renowned Catholic author and philosophy professor Ronda Chervin.
Hildebrand's wife Alice revealed that Bella Dodd, a friend of the Hildebrands who reverted to Catholicism in April 1952, had confessed privately to them and also publicly at a conference in Orange, California that she had assisted with a communist infiltration of Catholic seminaries.
Hildebrand retired from teaching in 1960, spending the remaining years of his life writing dozens of books in both German and English. He was a founder of Una Voce America. In 1957 his wife of forty-five years died, and in 1959 he married Alice M. Jourdain, also a philosopher and theologian who was a student of his at Fordham University.
Hildebrand died in New Rochelle, New York in 1977, after a long struggle with a heart condition.
Adolf von Hildebrand (6 October 1847 – 18 January 1921) was a German sculptor.Alice von Hildebrand
Alice M. von Hildebrand, DCSG is a Catholic philosopher, theologian, lecturer, author, and former professor; she is also the second wife of Dietrich von Hildebrand.Art of Living
Art of Living or The Art of Living may refer to:
Art of Living Foundation, a volunteer-based, humanitarian and educational non-governmental organization
The Art of Living International Center, Bangalore, India
Art of Living Center (Los Angeles), U.S.
The Art of Living, a long-running radio program and later a book by Norman Vincent Peale
The Art of Living (film), a 1965 Spanish drama film
The Art of Living, a 1965 book by Dietrich von Hildebrand with Alice von Hildebrand
Art of Living, a 1993 album and song by The Boomers (band)
The Art of Living, a 1967 painting by René MagritteBruno Hildebrand
Bruno Hildebrand (6 March 1812 – 29 January 1878) was a German economist representing the "older" historical school of economics. His economic thinking was highly critical of classical economists, especially of David Ricardo. His magnum opus was Economics of the Present and the Future (1848). The basic aim of this work was to establish laws of economic development. Hildebrand also stated that economic development was linear not cyclical. He supported socialist theory on the basis of religion, basic morals, and his beliefs of the negative effect of property on economic behavior.
An economics professor in Marburg, he was accused of high treason with respect to the turmoil of 1848 and condemned to death. He avoided the execution of this sentence by escaping to Switzerland, where he served as an associate professor at the University of Zurich. Together with Alfred Escher he was a co-founder and CEO of the Swiss Northeastern Railway and also was the founder of the Swiss National Bureau/ Federal Statistical Office. Hildebrand also created and directed the publication 'Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik'; for his contributions he was granted honorary Swiss citizenship. He became a professor at the University of Bern. Hildebrand returned then to Germany, where he was a professor at the University of Jena.
His son was the artist and sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand. His grandson was the Catholic philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand. His great-great-grandson is environmental leader Martin von Hildebrand.Catholic moral theology
Catholic moral theology is a major category of doctrine in the Catholic Church, equivalent to a religious ethics. Moral theology encompasses Roman Catholic social teaching, Catholic medical ethics, sexual ethics, and various doctrines on individual moral virtue and moral theory. It can be distinguished as dealing with "how one is to act", in contrast to dogmatic theology which proposes "what one is to believe".Dietrich
Dietrich (German pronunciation: [ˈdiːtrɪç]) is an ancient German name meaning "Ruler of the People".Edmond Michelet
Edmond Michelet (8 October 1899, in Paris – 9 October 1970, in Brive) was a French politician.
On 17 June 1940, he distributed tracts calling to continue the war in all Brive-la-Gaillarde's mailboxes. It is considered to be the first act of resistance of World War II in France, one day before Charles de Gaulle's Appeal of 18 June.
He helped many victims of the Nazis in occupied France, including Catholic philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand. In 1943 he was arrested and incarcerated at the Dachau concentration camp where he assisted other prisoners during a typhus epidemic and was infected himself. When Dachau was liberated he was still aiding the sick and was the last to leave. (While a prisoner, he was helped by abbé Franz Stock.)
He was made minister of the Army by Charles de Gaulle in 1946.
He served as Minister of Justice from 1959 to 1961.
Michelet was the main collaborator of Abraham Vereide, the leader of the Family fundamentalist organisation, based in the United States.Hildebrand (surname)
Hildebrand is a surname, and may refer to:
Adolf von Hildebrand (1847–1921), German sculptor
Alice von Hildebrand (born 1923), Belgian philosopher and theologian
Billy Hildebrand (born c.1924), American former football player and coach
Brian Hildebrand (1962–1999), American professional wrestling manager
Bror Emil Hildebrand (1806–1884) Swedish archaeologist, numismatist and museum director
Bruno Hildebrand (1812–1878), German economist
Dan Hildebrand, American actor
David K. Hildebrand, scholar on American music history
Dietrich von Hildebrand (1889–1977), German Catholic philosopher and theologian
Francis B. Hildebrand (1915–2002), American mathematician
Franklin Hildebrand (1893–1966), American journalist
George Hildebrand (1878–1960), American baseball player
Gerhard Hildebrand (1877–unknown), German journalist and politician
Gert Hildebrand (born 1953), German car designer
Grant Hildebrand, American architect and architectural historian
Hans Hildebrand (1824–1913) Swedish archaeologist
Henry Hildebrand (1911–2006), Canadian religious educator
Hilde Hildebrand (1897–1976), German actress
Ike Hildebrand (1927–2006), Canadian ice hockey and lacrosse player
J. B. Hildebrand, American football coach
Joe Hildebrand (born 1976), Australian journalist
Joel Henry Hildebrand (1881–1983), American educator and pioneer chemist
Johann Hildebrand (1614–1684), German composer, organist, and poet
J.R. Hildebrand, American race car driver
Josef Hildebrand (1895–unknown), Czech fencer
Jürgen Hildebrand (born 1948), German former handball player
Klaus Hildebrand (born 1941), German historian
Lloyd Hildebrand (1870–1924), British racing cyclist
Louis Hildebrand, French cyclist
Madison Hildebrand (born 1980), American realtor and media personality
Martín von Hildebrand (born 1943), American-Colombian ethnologist
Nadine Hildebrand (born 1987), German track and field athlete
Oral Hildebrand (1907–1977), American baseball player
Palmer Hildebrand (1884–1960), American baseball player
Peter E. Hildebrand, American agricultural economist
Philipp Hildebrand (born 1963), Swiss banker
Ray Hildebrand (born 1940), member of the American duo Paul & Paula
Rudolf Hildebrand (1824–1894), German scholar
Samuel F. Hildebrand (1883–1949), American ichthyologist
Sara Hildebrand (born 1979), 2000 & 2004 U.S. Olympic platform diver
Steve Hildebrand, U.S. Democratic political consultant
Timo Hildebrand (born 1979), German football player
Brianna Hildebrand (born 1996), American actressJohn Rao
John C. Rao (born 1951) is an associate professor of history at St. John's University, director of the Roman Forum/Dietrich von Hildebrand Institute, and former president of Una Voce America. He was criticised by Cardinal Miloslav Vlk for giving a speech in Prague in which he allegedly expressed anti-American views. Rao denied the charge in a lengthy open letter to the Cardinal in which he demanded an apology.In 1977 Rao received his D.Phil. in Modern European History from Oxford University. Notable works include Americanism and the Collapse of the Church in the United States, Removing the Blindfold, and Periphery. His latest book, a monumental study of Church history, Black Legends and the Light of the World (Remnant Press, 2011), has been hailed as "required reading for anyone concerned about the situation in the Church and the world" (Dr. Joseph Shaw, D. Phil., Oxford, President of the Latin Mass Society of England and Wales). He was recently the central interview subject for a PBS documentary on the annual Paris-Chartres Pilgrimage by traditionalist Catholics from around the world.For more than twenty years, Rao has led the Roman Forum's annual symposium at Lake Garda, which attracts scholars of renown from the United States and Europe.A frequent contributor to The Remnant, a traditional Catholic biweekly, Dr. Rao is known for writing his columns from Rocco's Cafe, an Italian pastry shop in Greenwich Village Manhattan, for several months of the year. As a traditionalist Catholic, he is a strong critic of neoconservatism in both politics and the Church.List of Catholic philosophers and theologians
This is a list of Catholic philosophers and theologians whose Catholicism is important to their works. The names are ordered by date of birth in order to give a rough sense of influence between thinkers.List of Fordham University faculty
The following is a partial list of current and former notable faculty of Fordham University in New York City.Luis de Molina
Luis de Molina (; 29 September 1535, Cuenca, Spain – 12 October 1600, Madrid, Spain) was a Spanish Jesuit priest and scholastic, a staunch defender of free will in the controversy over human liberty and God's grace. His theology is known as Molinism.Munich phenomenology
Munich phenomenology (also Munich phenomenological school) is the philosophical orientation of a group of philosophers and psychologists that studied and worked in Munich at the turn of the twentieth century. Their views are grouped under the names realist (also realistic) phenomenology or phenomenology of essences. Munich Phenomenology represents one branch of what is referred to as the early phenomenology.Personalism
Personalism is an intellectual stance that emphasizes the importance of human persons. Various conceptualizations have been explored, so personalism exists in many different versions, and this makes it somewhat difficult to define as a philosophical and theological movement. The term "personalism" has been used in print first by F. D. E. Schleiermacher in the last year of the 18th. century.. The idea can be traced back to earlier thinkers in various parts of the world.Peter Kreeft
Peter John Kreeft (; born 1937) is a professor of philosophy at Boston College and The King's College. He is the author of over a hundred books on Christian philosophy, theology and apologetics. He also formulated, together with Ronald K. Tacelli, "Twenty Arguments for the Existence of God".Romano Guardini
Romano Guardini (17 February 1885 – 1 October 1968) was an Italian-born German Catholic priest, author, and academic. He was one of the most important figures in Catholic intellectual life in the 20th century.Ronda Chervin
Dr. Ronda Chervin (born 1937, New York City) is a Catholic author, international speaker and Professor of Philosophy. She is the author of over 60 books concerning the matters of Catholic thought, practice and spirituality, including Taming the Lion Within: 5 Steps From Anger to Peace, Last Call: Fourteen Men Who Dared Answer, and her autobiography, En Route to Eternity. A widow, mother and grandmother, she is originally from New York.Coming from a Jewish — though atheistic — background, Chervin converted to the Catholic faith when she was a young adult. She graduated from Fordham University with a Ph.D. in Philosophy and earned an MA in Religious Studies from Notre Dame Apostolic Institute. While at Fordham, Chervin studied under Dietrich von Hildebrand. Since then, as a Professor of Philosophy, she has taught at numerous colleges, including Loyola Marymount University, the Seminary of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, the Franciscan University of Steubenville, and Holy Apostles College and Seminary in Cromwell, CT. She frequently presents on Catholic TV and Radio.William A. Marra
William A. Marra (February 20, 1928 – December 12, 1998) was a third-party Right to Life Party candidate for President of the United States in the 1988 presidential election; his running mate was Joan Andrews. They received 20,504 votes. Marra had also been a candidate in the Republican and Democratic parties' United States presidential primary in New Hampshire. In the former he received six write-in votes and in the latter received 142 votes.
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