Dietmar von Aist

Dietmar von Aist (c. 1115 – c. 1171) was a Minnesinger from a baronial family in the Duchy of Austria, whose work is representative of the lyric poetry in the Danube region.

Minnesänger Dietmar von Aste
Dietmar von Aste: Alternative names used in the early literature for Dietmar von Aist are Dietmar von Aste or von Ast, as depicted above in the "Konstanz-Weingartner Liederhandschrift" (written around 1310-1320 in the monastery St. Martin at Weingarten near Ravensburg). The unicorn served as heraldic animal for Dietmar.
D v aist
Dietmar von Aist pictured as a peddler in the Codex Manesse, f. 64r

Life

One Dietmar von Aist is mentioned by name from about 1139 onwards in contemporary records from Salzburg, Regensburg and Vienna. The surname probably refers to the Aist River, a left tributary of the Danube below the confluence with the Enns. Since about 1125 the noble family von Aist is evidenced in the Mühlviertel region (present-day Upper Austria), where today the ruins of the ancestral seat stand on the Aist River.

The Upper Austrian Aistersheim water castle was first mentioned in 1159 together with Freiherr (Baron) Dietmar von Aist, a ministerialis of the Babenberg ruler Henry II of Austria. If he is really identical with the poet is not completely certain on chronological grounds. A certain Ditmarus de Agasta mentioned in further records, who died childless about 1171, is possibly the same as Dietmar von Aist.

Dietmar is also referred to in the 1220s poem Diu Crône by Heinrich von dem Türlin.

Works

A whole series of songs is ascribed to Dietmar, but his authorship can be clearly decided in only a few cases. With those verses which can be attributed to him without any doubt, he belongs in the earliest period of the Minnesang. Dietmar von Aist and his work represent the link between the uncourtly and the courtly forms.

He was one of the first poets to use the refrain and the Tagelied form Wechsel. The themes of his songs are mostly to do with the relationship of men to women (love, parting, partnership), in which connection it is worth noting that some of his poems are written from the female perspective and others from the male. The woman takes a decidedly strong position: for example, she is to be able to choose her own partner freely - cf the poem Ez stuont ein frouwe alleine - There stood a woman alone (eLib Austria; full text in the original). The first surviving Tagelied is also by Dietmar: Slâfest du, friedel ziere? (Are you asleep, dearest one?).

Texts

  • Lachmann, Karl; Haupt, Moritz; Vogt, Friedrich, eds. (1888). "VII: Dietmar von Eist". Des Minnesangs Frühling (4 ed.). Leipzig: Hirzel. pp. 150–204. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  • Moser, Hugo; Tervooren, Helmut, eds. (1988). "VIII: Dietmar von Eist". Des Minnesangs Frühling. I: Texts (38 ed.). Stuttgart: Hirzel. pp. 56–69. ISBN 3777604488.

Secondary literature

  • Joachim Bumke: Geschichte der deutschen Literatur im hohen Mittelalter, München 1990, pp 85–86 ISBN 3-423-04552-3
  • Hans Fromm (ed): Der deutsche Minnesang: Aufsätze zu seiner Erforschung, Vol 1, Darmstadt 1961; Vol 2 (= Wege der Forschung; Band 608), Darmstadt 1985 ISBN 3-534-08604-X
  • Rolf Grimminger: Poetik des frühen Minnesangs, (= Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen zur deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters; vol 27), München 1969
  • Andreas Hensel: Vom frühen Minnesang zur Lyrik der Hohen Minne: Studien zum Liebesbegriff und zur literarischen Konzeption der Autoren Kürenberger, Dietmar von Aist, Meinloh von Sevelingen, Burggraf von Rietenburg, Friedrich von Hausen und Rudolf von Fenis, Frankfurt am Main 1997 ISBN 3-631-31138-9
  • Fritz Peter Knapp: Deutschsprachiges Schrifttum, in: Anna M. Drabek (Redaktion), Österreich im Hochmittelalter (907 bis 1246), (= Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für die Geschichte Österreichs/Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften; Band 17), Wien 1991, pp 505–526 ISBN 3-7001-1861-9
  • Kuhn, Hugo (1957), "Dietmar von Eist (Aist)", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 3, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 675; (full text online)
  • Alfred Romain: Die Lieder Dietmars von Eist, in: Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur 37 (1912), pp 349–431, 565
  • Günther Schweikle: Minnesang, (= Sammlung Metzler; vol 244), 2., corrected edition Stuttgart 1995 ISBN 3-476-12244-1
  • Helmut Tervooren: Dietmar von Aist, in: Verfasserlexikon, vol 2, 2nd edition Berlin [and elsewhere] 1980, Spalte 95-98 ISBN 3-11-007699-3
  • Codex Manesse. Die Miniaturen der Großen Heidelberger Liederhandschrift, edited and explained by Ingo F. Walther, Frankfurt a.M 1989 ISBN 3-458-14385-8
  • Herbert Zeman (Hg.): Literaturgeschichte Österreichs: von den Anfängen im Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart, Graz 1996 ISBN 3-201-01650-0

External links

1140s in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

1170s in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

AIST

AIST, Aist, or variant, can refer to:

AISTAfrican Institute of Science and Technology

Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, one of the biggest research institutions in Japan

Association for Iron and Steel Technology, the main group for ferrous metallurgists in the United StatesAist, Upper AustriaAist (river), in Austria

Wartberg ob der Aist, a town on the river Aist

Aist parish (Gemeinde) in Naarn im Machlande on the river Aist

Dietmar von Aist, 12th century minnesinger from the region of the Aist riverAist, Russian for "stork"Aist Bicycles, Belarusian bicycle company

Aist-class LCAC, assault hovercraft operated by the Soviet and Russian Navy

Khrunichev T-411 Aist, Russian light utility monoplane

Aist 1, a small satellite

AIST (missile), a Byelorussian cruise missile

Aist (river)

The Aist is a river system in Upper Austria, a tributary of the Danube. Via its source rivers the Feldaist and the Waldaist, and other streams, it drains an area of 647 km2 (250 sq mi).The Aist rises in Hohensteg (south of Pregarten) and flows through the protected Natura-2000 site Waldaist-Naarn (Fauna-Flora-Habitat Area) on its 14 km (8.7 mi) journey to its confluence with the Danube.

Albrecht von Johansdorf

Albrecht von Johansdorf (c. 1180 – c. 1209) was a Minnesänger and a minor noble in the service of Wolfger of Erla. Documents indicate that his life included the years 1185 to 1209. He may have known Walther von der Vogelweide and is believed to have participated in a crusade. He is known to have written at least five "recruitment" songs in Middle High German, most likely for the Third Crusade. His "Song 2" owes a debt to the structure and melody from a song in Old French by trouvère poet Conon de Béthune. His "Song 5", which mentions the capture of Jerusalem, may suggest that he wrote around 1190. Von Johansdorf's Minnelieder conform outwardly to the standard pattern of man subordinating himself to the woman above him and is responsible for the classical formulation of "the educative value of Minnedienst" (daz ir deste werde sit und da bi hochgemuot). His integrity and warmth of heart are most evident in poems referring to the departure for the crusade.

Dietmar

Dietmar is a German forename.

Dietmar I (archbishop of Salzburg), ruled 874 to 907

Dietmar von Aist, Minnesinger from a baronial family of Upper Austria, documented between 1140 and 1171

Dietmar Bär (born 1961), German actor

Dietmar Bartsch (born 1958), German politician, former Bundesgeschäftsführer

Dietmar Beiersdorfer (born 1963), former footballer and coach

Dietmar Berchtold (born 1974), Austrian football midfielder

Dietmar Bonnen (born 1958), German composer and pianist

Dietmar Bruck (born 1944), former professional footballer

Dietmar Burger (born 1968), Austrian darts player

Dietmar Constantini (born 1955), former Austrian association football player and now head coach

Dietmar Danner (born 1950), retired German footballer

Dietmar Dath (born 1970),) is a German novelist

Dietmar Demuth (born 1955), German former footballer who is now manager

Dietmar Falkenberg, East German former bobsledder

Dietmar Feichtinger (born 1961), Austrian architect in Paris

Dietmar Hötger (born 1947), German judo athlete

Dietmar Haaf (born 1967), former (West) German long jumper

Dietmar Hamann (born 1973), German footballer

Dietmar Hirsch (born 1971), retired German football player

Dietmar Hopp (born 1940), German software entrepreneur

Dietmar Jerke, East German bobsledder

Dietmar Kühbauer (born 1971), former Austrian football midfielder

Dietmar Kirves (born 1941), multimedia artist

Dietmar Klinger (born 1958), retired German football player

Dietmar Koszewski (born 1967), retired German hurdler

Dietmar Lorenz (born 1950), East German judoka

Dietmar Mögenburg (born 1961), former (West) German high jumper and Olympic gold medallist

Dietmar Mürdter (born 1943), former professional German footballer

Dietmar Meinel, German nordi combinited skier

Dietmar Meisch (born 1959), retired East German race walker

Dietmar Rosenthal (1899–1994), Russian linguist

Dietmar Roth (born 1963), former German footballer

Dietmar Rothermund, Germany historian best known for his research in the economy of India

Dietmar Saupe (born 1954), fractal researcher and professor of computer science, University of Konstanz, Germany

Dietmar Schönherr (1926–2014), Austrian film actor

Dietmar Schacht (born 1962), former professional German footballer

Dietmar Schauerhammer (born 1955), East German two-time Winter Olympic champion

Dietmar Schiller, German rower

Dietmar Schlöglmann (born 1955), Austrian sprint canoeist

Dietmar Schmidt (born 1952), former East German handball player

Dietmar Schwager (born 1940), retired German football coach and player

Dietmar Schwarz (born 1947), German rower

Dietmar Seyferth (born 1929), German-American chemist, Professor Emeritus of MIT.

Dietmar Vestweber (born 1956), biochemist & cell biologist, founding director of the Max-Planck-Institute for Molecular Biomedicine in Münster, Germany

Dietmar Wittmann, M.D., Ph.D., FACS is an academic surgeon specializing in complex abdominal surgery

Dietmar Wuttke (born 1978), German former footballer

Gert-Dietmar Klause (born 1945), a former East German cross-country skier

Exilliteratur

German Exilliteratur (German pronunciation: [ɛˈksiːl.lɪtəʁaˌtuːɐ̯], exile literature) is the name for a category of books in the German language written by writers of anti-Nazi attitude who fled from Nazi Germany and its occupied territories between 1933 and 1945. These dissident authors, many of whom were of Jewish origin and/or with communist sympathies, fled abroad in 1933 after the Nazi Party came to power in Germany and after Nazi Germany annexed Austria by the Anschluss in 1938, abolished the freedom of press and started to prosecute the authors whose books were banned.

Heinrich von Morungen

Heinrich von Morungen or Henry of Morungen (died c. 1220 or 1222) was a German Minnesinger.

Jenny Erpenbeck

Jenny Erpenbeck (born 12 March 1967) is a German writer and opera director, recipient of the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize.

Kleist Prize

The Kleist Prize is an annual German literature prize. The prize was first awarded in 1912, on the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the death of Heinrich von Kleist. The Kleist Prize was the most important literary award of the Weimar Republic, but was discontinued in 1933.

In 1985 the prize was awarded for the first time in over fifty years. Between 1994 and 2000 it was awarded biennially. A monetary sum of €20,000 accompanies the award.

List of German-language poets

This list contains the names of individuals (of any ethnicity or nationality) who wrote poetry in the German language. Most are identified as "German poets", but some are not German.

Marieluise Fleißer

Marieluise Fleißer (German: [maˌʁiːluˈiːzə ˈflaɪsɐ]; 23 November 1901, Ingolstadt – 2 February 1974, Ingolstadt) was a German author and playwright.

Meinloh von Sevelingen

Meinloh von Sevelingen was a 12th Century Minnesänger from Swabia and one of the earliest poets in the tradition.

Minnesang

Minnesang (German: [ˈmɪnəˌzaŋ], "love song") was a tradition of lyric- and song-writing in Germany that flourished in the Middle High German period. This period of medieval German literature began in the 12th century and continued into the 14th. People who wrote and performed Minnesang were known as Minnesänger (German: [ˈmɪnəˌzɛŋɐ], minnesingers), and a single song was called a Minnelied.

The name derives from minne, the Middle High German word for love, as that was Minnesang's main subject. The Minnesänger were similar to the Provençal troubadours and northern French trouvères in that they wrote love poetry in the tradition of courtly love in the High Middle Ages.

Rainald Goetz

Rainald Maria Goetz (born May 24, 1954 in Munich) is a German author, playwright and essayist.

Reinhard Jirgl

Reinhard Jirgl (born January 16, 1953 in East-Berlin) is a German writer. In 2010 he was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize by the German Academy for Language and Literature.His 2013 novel Nichts von euch auf Erden was shortlisted for the German Book Prize.

Tagelied

The Tagelied (dawn song) is a particular form of mediaeval German-language lyric, taken and adapted from the Provençal troubadour tradition (in which it was known as the alba) by the German Minnesinger. Often in three verses, it depicts the separation of two lovers at the break of day.

An especially popular version of the Tagelied was the Wächterlied, or watchman's song, in which a trusted watchman warns the knight to depart. This form was introduced into German use by Wolfram von Eschenbach. The form was popular in German-speaking regions from the 13th to the 16th centuries.

The form of the Wechsel (alternating verses by the knight and the lady, but not addressed directly to each other, so not quite a dialogue as now understood) was introduced by Dietmar von Aist and Heinrich von Morungen. The tagelied's form and prosody varies over time and with individual poet. The tagelied does not even consistently use refrains. However, the subject matter of the song made it a very popular one, and the form's conventions showed up in other lyric poetry and dramatic poetry.

Important motifs of the Tagelied are the depiction of daybreak, the warning to depart, the lament at parting and the lady's final permission to the knight to go (the urloup). Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, act 2, scene 2, shows the influence of the dawn song as well, as the two lovers argue over the dawn and the need for departure.

Particular exponents of the genre were among others Heinrich von Morungen, Wolfram von Eschenbach, Walther von der Vogelweide and later Oswald von Wolkenstein. Modern poets who have drawn on the tradition of the Tagelied include Rainer Maria Rilke, Ezra Pound and Peter Rühmkorf.

One of Wolfram von Eschenbach’s more famous Tagelieder stays true to the motifs of depictions of daybreak, warning to depart and lament at parting and the woman’s final permission. The poem begins with a depiction of daybreak and the watchman’s whistle that warns the lovers that the man must depart. What separates this poem from the rest of Wolframs poems is his poetic depiction of daybreak as a monster whose “talons have struck through the clouds” and are tearing the lovers apart. This violent imagery adds a sense of desperation not seen in other Tagelieder. The man mourns the fact that he must leave and is angry at the watchman’s song that “swells the man with discontent.” The woman also laments the sound of the whistle, telling the watchman ““sing what you like, how often you have stolen him from my arms though never from my heart.” She then asks her lover to stay until she finally, after one last embrace, accepts his departure.

Terézia Mora

Terézia Mora ([ˈtɛreːziɒ ˈmorɒ]; born 5 February 1971) is a Hungarian writer, screenwriter and translator.

Weingarten Manuscript

The Weingarten Manuscript (German Weingartner Liederhandschrift) is a 14th-century illuminated manuscript containing a collection of Minnesang lyrics. It is currently in the Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart, with the shelf-mark HB XIII 1. In Minnesang scholarship it is referred to as Manuscript B.Along with the Codex Manesse (MS. C) and the Kleine Heidelberger Liederhandschrift (MS. A) it is one of the major sources of Minnesang texts from the beginnings (around 1150) to the end of the "golden age" (around 1230).

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