Dick Dillin

Richard Allen "Dick" Dillin[1] (December 17, 1928 – March 1, 1980)[2][3] was an American comics artist best known for a 12-year run as the penciler of the DC Comics superhero-team series Justice League of America. He drew 115 issues from 1968 until his death in 1980.

Dick Dillin
Dillin photo76
Dick Dillin, from The Amazing World of DC Comics #11 (March 1976)
BornRichard Allen Dillin
December 17, 1928
Watertown, New York
DiedMarch 1, 1980 (aged 51)
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)Penciller
Notable works
Blackhawk
Justice League of America
World's Finest Comics

Early life and career

Blackhawk74
Blackhawk #74 (March 1954). Cover art by Dillin (pencils) and Chuck Cuidera (inks)

Dick Dillin was born in Watertown, New York.[4] Determined since childhood to draw for comics, Dillin graduated from Watertown High School to become an art student at Syracuse University on the G.I. Bill, following his military service with the 8th U.S. Army in Tokyo, Yokohama, and Okinawa.[4] Sometime after marrying wife Estella in 1948, Dillin left his job at a Watertown manufacturer of air brakes for trains, and sought an art career in New York City. Six months later, after having done magazine illustration and other commercial art and gaining a foothold at Fawcett Comics and Fiction House, he relocated his family to suburban Peekskill, New York.

Dillin's art at Fawcett (on features including "Lance O'Casey" and "Ibis the Invincible" in Whiz Comics) and Fiction House ("Buzz Bennett", "Space Rangers") led to drawing for Quality Comics, beginning in 1952. He worked particularly on the popular title Blackhawk but also on G.I. Combat, Love Confessions, and Love Secrets.[5] When Quality went out of business, Dillin, searching for new work, eventually tried DC Comics where he saw one or more issues of Blackhawk on the desk as he was being interviewed, and to his relief was told, "We've been trying to get in touch with you."[6]

DC Comics

JLA64
Justice League of America #64 (Aug. 1968), penciller Dillin's first issue. Inking by Joe Giella.

Dillin returned to Blackhawk, now a DC property, and when the book's initial run ended, went on to draw issues of World's Finest Comics before being assigned Justice League of America, a superteam series featuring, at the time, Superman, Batman, Green Lantern, Wonder Woman, Green Arrow, and the Atom. Dillin penciled the series from #64–183 (Aug. 1968–Oct. 1980), except for the planned reprint issues #67, 76, 85 and 93; issue #153 which was pencilled by George Tuska; and issue #157 where he provided the intro and epilogue pages while Juan Ortiz pencilled the main story.[5][7] He had completed the first 2½ pages of #184 when he died; penciler George Pérez and inker Frank McLaughlin took over the title, starting that issue from scratch.

Dillin's tenure on JLA included the reintroduction of Red Tornado. He and writer Dennis O'Neil made several changes to the membership of the JLA by removing founding members Wonder Woman and the Martian Manhunter.[8] They also oversaw the migration of the Black Canary from Earth-2 to Earth-1; and the introduction of the JLA satellite. Dillin and writer Len Wein produced the return of the Seven Soldiers of Victory in issues #100–102[9] and the introduction of the Quality Comics characters to the DC continuity as the Freedom Fighters in issues #107–108.[10]

In late 1972, Dillin drew the DC chapter of a metafictional unofficial crossover crafted by writers Wein, Steve Englehart, and Gerry Conway spanning titles from both major comics companies. Each comic featured Englehart, Conway, and Wein, as well as Wein's first wife Glynis, interacting with Marvel or DC characters at the Rutland Halloween Parade in Rutland, Vermont. Beginning in Amazing Adventures #16 (by Englehart with art by Bob Brown and Frank McLaughlin), the story continued in Justice League of America #103 (by Wein, Dillin and Dick Giordano), and concluded in Thor #207 (by Conway and penciler John Buscema).[11][12][13]

Wein and Dillin created the supervillain Libra in Justice League of America #111 (June 1974),[14] who would play a leading role in Grant Morrison's Final Crisis storyline in 2008. Dillin drew the return of Wonder Woman to the team in issues #128–129 (March–April 1976).[15] He and writer Steve Englehart crafted a new origin story for the JLA in issue #144[16] and inducted Hawkgirl into the team two issue later.[17] Other highlights of Dillin's tenure included the 1976 integration of the defunct and newly acquired Fawcett Comics heroes in issues #135-137, and the murder of the original Mister Terrific in issue #171.[18] Dillin and writer Bob Haney created the Super-Sons, Superman Jr. and Batman Jr., in World's Finest Comics #215 (Jan. 1973).[19] He drew several Green Lantern backup stories in The Flash from 1974 to 1977.[20] In 1975, Dillin drew the framing chapters for a 1940s Seven Soldiers of Victory script in Adventure Comics #438 and 443.[21][22][23]

He was living in Peekskill, New York at the time of his death.[2] As per the letters page of Justice League of America #184, Dillin suffered a heart attack.

Animation

Dillin drew animation storyboards for the Trans-Lux/Joe Orolio syndicated TV series Johnny Zero (c. 1962), and The Mighty Hercules (1963), among other shows.[1]

Bibliography

Comics work (interior pencil art) includes:

DC Comics

Quality Comics

Collected editions

  • Justice League of America Archives
    • Volume 8 collects Justice League of America #64–66, 68–70 ISBN 978-1563899775
    • Volume 9 collects Justice League of America #71–80 ISBN 978-1401204020
    • Volume 10 collects Justice League of America #81–93 ISBN 978-1401234126
  • Showcase Presents Justice League of America
    • Volume 4 collects Justice League of America #64–66, 68–75, 77–83 ISBN 978-1401221843
    • Volume 5 collects Justice League of America #84, 86–92, 94–106 ISBN 978-1401230258
    • Volume 6 collects Justice League of America #107–132 ISBN 978-1401238353
  • Crisis on Multiple Earths
    • Volume 2 collects Justice League of America #64–65, 73–74, and 82–83 ISBN 978-1401200039
    • Volume 3 collects Justice League of America #91–92, 100–102, 107–108, and 113 ISBN 978-1401202316
    • Volume 4 collects Justice League of America #123–124, 135–137, and 147–148 ISBN 978-1401209575
    • Volume 5 collects Justice League of America #159–160, 171–172, and 183 ISBN 978-1401226237

References

  1. ^ a b Bails, Jerry (2006). "Dillin, Dick". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928-1999. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Richard Dillin at the United States Social Security Death Index via FamilySearch.org. Retrieved on February 23, 2013. Also: Richard Dillin at the United States Social Security Death Index via GenealogyBank.com. Retrieved on January 8, 2016.
  3. ^ Dallas, Keith (2013). "Chapter One: 1980". American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1980s. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 978-1605490465.
  4. ^ a b "Dick Dillin". Lambiek Comiclopedia. 2006. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Note: Source erroneously gives birth year as 1929
  5. ^ a b Dick Dillin at the Grand Comics Database
  6. ^ "Interview with the family of Dick Dillin". Alter Ego (30). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. November 2003.
  7. ^ Riley, Shannon E. (August 2012). "22,300 Miles Above Earth: A Look Back at the JLA's 'Satellite Years'". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (58): 18.
  8. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 152 "Through an impromptu team-up of the JLA and the Justice Society on Earth-2, writer Len Wein and artist Dick Dillin ushered in the return of DC's Seven Soldiers of Victory."
  10. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 156 "The annual Justice League-Justice Society get-together resulted in scribe Len Wein and artist Dick Dillin transporting both teams to the alternate reality of Earth-X. There, Nazi Germany ruled after winning a prolonged World War II and only a group of champions called the Freedom Fighters remained to oppose the regime."
  11. ^ Larnick, Eric (October 30, 2010). "The Rutland Halloween Parade: Where Marvel and DC First Collided". ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on December 6, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  12. ^ Cronin, Brian (October 1, 2010). "Comic Book Legends Revealed #280". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on December 6, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  13. ^ Amazing Adventures #16 (Jan. 1973), Justice League of America #103 (Dec. 1972), and Thor #207 (Jan. 1973) at the Grand Comics Database
  14. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 160
  15. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 169
  16. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 174: "Green Arrow thought he had learned the Justice League of America's origin back in issue #9...Now, he found inconsistencies in the story. Writer Steve Englehart and artist Dick Dillin revealed the truth as told by former JLA member J'onn J'onzz."
  17. ^ Englehart, Steve (n.d.). "Justice League of America". SteveEnglehart.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  18. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 182.
  19. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 157
  20. ^ Greenberger, Robert (May 2013). "Green Lantern The Emerald Backups". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 3–9.
  21. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 162: "An unpublished Seven Soldiers of Victory story finally saw print as a backup feature in Adventure Comics #438 - three decades after it was written. Noted scientist and author Joseph Samachson had penned his last Soldiers story in 1945, when the super hero team were a regular feature in Leading Comics."
  22. ^ Cronin, Brian (February 18, 2010). "Comic Book Legends Revealed #248". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2013. An unpublished script starring the Seven Soldiers of Victory was published within five issues of Adventure Comics…Thirty years after the Seven Soldiers of Victory feature was canceled!
  23. ^ Abramowitz, Jack (May 2013). "Seven Soldiers of Victory: Lost in Time Again". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (64): 33–37.
  24. ^ Per The Amazing World of DC Comics #15 at the Grand Comics Database, this issue was originally assigned to John Rosenberger, who would pencil only the first four pages before he was stricken with the illness that was to claim his life. Subsequently, this issue was completely redrawn by Dillin. The Rosenberger pages were later published in The Amazing World of DC Comics #15 (Aug. 1977).

External links

Preceded by
Reed Crandall
Blackhawk artist
1951–1968
Succeeded by
Pat Boyette
Preceded by
Mike Sekowsky
Justice League of America artist
1968–1980
Succeeded by
George Pérez
Preceded by
Curt Swan
World's Finest Comics artist
1970–1976
Succeeded by
Pablo Marcos
Aquarius (DC Comics)

Aquarius was a fictional villain from DC Comics. He first appeared in Justice League of America vol. 1 #73 (August 1969), and was created by Denny O'Neil and Dick Dillin.

Aurakles

Aurakles is a fictional character, a superhero published by DC Comics. He first appeared in Justice League of America vol. 1 #100 (August 1972), and was created by Len Wein and Dick Dillin.

Batman (Earth-Two)

The Batman of Earth-Two is an alternate version of the fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was introduced after DC Comics created Earth-Two, a parallel world that was retroactively established as the home of characters whose adventures had been published in the Golden Age of comic books. This allowed creators to publish Batman comic books taking place in current continuity while being able to disregard Golden Age stories, solving an incongruity, as Batman had been published as a single ongoing incarnation since inception.

Champions of Angor

The Champions of Angor (also known as the Justifiers, the Assemblers and the Meta Militia) are a fictional superhero team in the DC Comics universe. They are a pastiche of the Avengers from the Marvel Comics universe. They were created by Mike Friedrich and Dick Dillin in the pages of Justice League of America #87 February (1971).

Construct (comics)

Construct is a fictional character, an artificial intelligence in the DC Universe. It first appeared in Justice League of America #142 (May 1977).

Freedom Fighters (comics)

Freedom Fighters is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The original six characters were Black Condor, Doll Man, the Human Bomb, Ray, Phantom Lady, and Uncle Sam. Although the characters were created by Quality Comics, they never were gathered in a group before being acquired by DC. The team first appeared in a Justice League of America/Justice Society of America team-up, which ran in Justice League of America #107–108 (October–December 1973), written by Len Wein and drawn by Dick Dillin. Their own ongoing series premiered with Freedom Fighters #1 (April 1976), written by Gerry Conway and Martin Pasko, and drawn by Ric Estrada.

Golden Eagle (comics)

Golden Eagle is the name of two fictional characters published by DC Comics.

Homo magi

Homo magi is a fictional sub-race of magic-using humans in the DC Universe. The Homo magi first appeared in Justice League of America #164 (March 1979), and were created by Gerry Conway and Dick Dillin.

Injustice Gang

The Injustice Gang (also known as the Injustice Gang of the World) is a group of fictional supervillains in the DC Comics universe. They are antagonists of the Justice League.

Libra (DC Comics)

Libra is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. He first appeared in Justice League of America #111 (May–June 1974), where he formed the first incarnation of the Injustice Gang (modelled after an earlier villain group with a similar name, the Injustice Society; there would later be the Injustice League as well.) Libra made his return with a leading role in Final Crisis in 2008.

Manhunters (DC Comics)

The Manhunters are a fictional race of extraterrestrial robots that appear in titles published by DC Comics.

Mindgrabber Kid

The Mindgrabber Kid a.k.a. Lucian Crawley is a fictional comics superhero (and occasional supervillain) in the DC Universe. He was created by Dennis O'Neil and Dick Dillin and first appeared in Justice League of America (vol. 1) #70 (March 1969).

Nebula Man

Nebula Man is a fictional character in DC Comics. He first appeared in Justice League of America #100–101 (1972).

Originally a villain responsible for the disappearance of the Seven Soldiers of Victory, he has since reappeared as Neh-Buh-Loh, a primary antagonist in the 2005–2006 mega-series Seven Soldiers by Grant Morrison. Before this reappearance Morrison built up the character's backstory, starting in 1997 with more extensive appearances in JLA: Classified (2005).

Silver Sorceress

The Silver Sorceress is a DC Comics character and member of the Champions of Angor. She first appeared in Justice League of America #87, (February 1971), and is an homage to the Scarlet Witch.

Spirit King

The Spirit King is a character in the fictional DC Universe; he was initially an adversary of the original Mister Terrific, but later expanded to be a threat to the entire Justice Society, particularly the Spectre and the Flash.

The character was created for a murder mystery story in the 1970s and retroactively introduced into the fictional history of the character Mister Terrific.

Squadron of Justice

The Squadron of Justice was a name used by two superhero teams of characters who originated from Fawcett Comics. Each team only made one appearance in a single story.

Starbreaker (comics)

Starbreaker is a fictional character that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. The character first appeared in Justice League of America #96 (Feb. 1972), and was created by Mike Friedrich and Dick Dillin.

Super-Sons

The Super-Sons is a pair of fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The characters were created by Bob Haney and Dick Dillin and first appeared in World's Finest Comics #215 (Jan. 1973). They were based on imaginary tales about the sons of Superman and Batman with Superman's dark-haired wife and Batman's red-haired wife.

In 2017, DC Comics launched a Super Sons monthly comic book series featuring new versions of the characters, who are the biological sons of Superman and Lois Lane, and Batman and Talia al Ghul. The Super Sons series features the duo as Superboy and Robin (Jonathan Kent and Damian Wayne).

Terra-Man

Terra-Man (real name Toby Manning) is a fictional character and supervillain who appears in Superman stories published by DC Comics.

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