|59th President of the Supreme Federal Court|
|Assumed office |
13 September 2018
|Vice President||Luiz Fux|
|Preceded by||Cármen Lúcia|
|Justice of the Supreme Federal Court|
|Assumed office |
23 October 2009
|Appointed by||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Menezes Direito|
|Attorney General of the Union|
12 March 2007 – 23 October 2009
|President||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Álvaro Augusto Ribeiro Costa|
|Succeeded by||Luís Inácio Adams|
José Antonio Dias Toffoli
15 November 1967
Marília, São Paulo, Brazil
|Alma mater||University of São Paulo (USP)|
Other judicial positions
Toffoli was born in Marília, São Paulo in 1967, the son of Luiz Toffoli and Sebastiana Seixas Dias Toffoli. He attended the law school of the University of São Paulo from 1986 to 1990, graduating with a bachelor's degree in law. While in college, Toffoli presided the student union. From 1996 to 2002 he was a professor of constitutional and family law at Centro Universitário de Brasília.
In 1994 and 1995 Toffoli took examinations for a position as a judge in the state of São Paulo, but was twice rejected. Toffoli was then the legal representant for the Workers' Party (PT) in the presidential campaigns of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 1998, 2002 and 2006.
From March 2001 to December 2002 Toffoli was a co-owner of the law firm Toffoli & Telesca Advogados, and from 2005 to 2007 co-owned the firm Toffoli & Rangel Advogados. In 2007, Toffoli was appointed Attorney General of Brazil by President Lula.
On 17 September 2009 President Lula nominated Dias Toffoli, then his Attorney General of Brazil, for the Supreme Federal Court seat vacated by the death of Justice Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito two weeks prior. Upon his nomination, Toffoli resigned as Attorney General, and was replaced by Evandro Costa Gama.
After being confirmed by the Senate to the Supreme Court, Toffoli took his seat as Justice on 23 October 2009, aged 41. He was, at the time, the youngest person to become Supreme Court justice since 1988, and remains as one of the youngest people to enter the court. He was the eighth Supreme Court nomination by President Lula.
Álvaro Augusto Ribeiro Costa
| Attorney General of the Union
Luís Inácio Adams
Carlos Alberto Menezes Direito
| Justice of the Supreme Federal Court
| President of the Supreme Federal Court|
| Vice President of the Supreme Federal Court
Marco Aurélio Mello
| President of the Superior Electoral Court
|Lines of succession|
as President of the Federal Senate
| Brazilian presidential line of succession
4th in line
as President of the Supreme Federal Court
|Order of precedence|
as President of the Chamber of Deputies
| Brazilian order of precedence
5th in line
as President of the Supreme Federal Court
ADI 3510 (April 29, 2008), is a landmark Brazil Supreme Court case. The minister relator Carlos Ayres Britto voted in favor of embryonic stem cell research (Biosecurity Law).Cezar Peluso
Antonio Cezar Peluso (3 September 1942) is a Brazilian jurist. He was a member of the Supreme Federal Court (in Portuguese: Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF)) and has been the Court's Chief Justice from April 2010 to April 2012 (in Portuguese: Presidente do Supremo Tribunal Federal).
Peluzo was born in Bragança Paulista, São Paulo. At the time of his retirement, he was one of the two members of the Court with a prior career as a judge (beside Luiz Fux). He is known for his collected demeanor and his ample juridical knowledge, even among Brazil's most important jurists. When Peluso became the President of the STF, analysts such as journalist Elio Gaspari pointed out that his reserved style is a contrast to that of Gilmar Mendes, Peluso's predecessor, who is regarded as a more outspoken figure. However, both judges often agree on juridical decisions; they generally stand on the Court's conservative and textualist wing. On December 16, 2010, he stated that the Supreme Court of Brazil would not review the Amnesty Law on the part which grants immunity to prosecution for former torturers of the oppressive military regime that, after the 1964 coup, installed a 20-year-long dictatorship in Brazil.
As the Chief Justice of the Supreme Federal Tribunal, Peluso also headed the National Justice Council.
He experienced his mandatory retirement in September 3, 2012.Cármen Lúcia
Cármen Lúcia Antunes Rocha (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkaʁmẽj ˈlusjɐ ɐ̃ˈtũɲis ˈʁɔʃɐ]; 19 April 1954) is a Brazilian jurist and member of the Supreme Federal Court since 2006. She is the second woman to have been chosen as a justice for the Court and Chief Justice and a professor of Constitutional Law at Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais. She was nominated by former President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Antunes Rocha's work has been marked by the rigor with which she tries corruption cases and her firm stance regarding women's rights.She was President of the Superior Electoral Court of Brazil. She currently is the President of the Supreme Federal Court. She became Acting President from April 13, 2018 until April 14 of the same year, as President Michel Temer attended the VIII Summit of the Americas, and the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Rodrigo Maia, and the president of the Senate, Eunício Oliveira were outside Brazil.At her introduction to the role she was championed by José Celso de Mello Filho, the most senior justice of the court. Lucia replaced Ricardo Lewandowski who had been known for championing a reduction in oversight and an increase in remuneration for judges. Her champion gave a speech talking about the need to remove corruption, although the event had presence of a number of alleged suspects. In 2018, the minister Dias Toffoli succeeded Carmen Lúcia as president of the Court.Davi Alcolumbre
Davi Samuel Alcolumbre Tobelem (born 19 June 1977) is a Brazilian politician. He is currently the President of the Senate of Brazil and has been a Senator, representing the state of Amapá, since 2015. Before that, he was a Congressman from the same state from 2003 to 2015. He is a member of the Democrats. Alcolumbre is the first Jewish lawmaker to hold both the presidencies of the Federal Senate and of the National Congress of Brazil.Empresa Brasil de Comunicação
Empresa Brasil de Comunicação (Brazil Communication Company), aka EBC, is a Brazilian public company, created in 2007 to manage the federal government's broadcast network.
EBC is responsible for the content and management of TV Brasil, TV Brasil Internacional, eight EBC radio stations (Rádio Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Rádio Nacional AM de Brasília, Rádio Nacional FM de Brasília, Rádio Nacional da Amazônia, Rádio Nacional do Alto Solimões, Rádio MEC AM do Rio de Janeiro, Rádio MEC FM do Rio de Janeiro, e Rádio MEC AM de Brasília), the news agency Agência Brasil, audio news agency Radioagência Nacional and the EBC Portal. As part of the services provided by the holding, EBC is responsible for the government's official channel TV NBR, and the radio program A Voz do Brasil.
EBC is headed by a Director-President, currently, the journalist Laerte Rímoli, appointed by the President of Brazil, Michel Temer, on 17 May 2016. The previous Director-President for EBC, Ricardo Melo, was dismissed from its functions by then Acting President of Brazil, Michel Temer, and resorted to an appeal to the Supreme Court (STF - Supremo Tribunal Federal), arguing that the law which created EBC stated that its Director-President shall remain in its functions for four consecutive years and, as such, could not be dismissed. In June, Supreme Justice Dias Toffoli granted a primary injuction determining that Melo ought to return to its functions as Director-President. The same judge, Dias Toffoli, revoked his decision on September 8, 2016 and decided that Laerte Rímoli had the right to remain on the position of director-president.Fernando Azevedo e Silva
Fernando Azevedo e Silva (born 4 February 1954) is a Brazilian reserve army general. He is currently the brazilian Minister of Defence.
He graduated as Infantry Officer in December 14th 1976, at the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras, and was promoted to Army general (four stars rank) in July 31st 2014.
He was assistant to Supreme Federal Court Chief Justice Dias Toffoli. On 13 November 2018, he was named by President-elect Jair Bolsonaro as his choice for Minister of Defence, replacing previous nominee Augusto Heleno, who was instead named as head of the Institutional Security Office.Ficha Limpa
Lei da Ficha Limpa (English: Clean Record Act) or Supplementary Law no. 135 of 2010 is a Brazilian act that amended the Conditions of Ineligibility Act (Supplementary Law no. 64 of 1990). It was the fourth bill proposed by direct people's initiative as law in Brazil. It was devised by Judge Marlon Reis and received about 1.3 million signatures before being submitted to the National Congress. The act makes a candidate who has been impeached, has resigned to avoid impeachment, or been convicted by a decision of a collective body (with more than one judge) ineligible to hold public office for eight years, even if possible appeals remain.The project was approved in the Chamber of Deputies on May 5, 2010 and by the Federal Senate on May 19, 2010 by unanimous vote. It was sanctioned by the President, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and became the Supplementary Law no. 135 of June 4, 2010. In February 2012, the Supreme Federal Court (STF) deemed the law constitutional and valid for the next elections to be held in Brazil, which was considered a victory for the position advocated by the Superior Electoral Court in the 2010 elections.Gilmar Mendes
Gilmar Ferreira Mendes (born December 30, 1955) is a Brazilian Justice of the Supremo Tribunal Federal (Brazilian Supreme Federal Court), appointed by then President Fernando Henrique Cardoso in 2002. Mendes was also the Chief Justice for the 2008–2010 term and the Attorney General from 2000 to 2002.
He has been criticised by legal scholars and journalists for the supposedly opportunistic political motivations of his rulings, and mocked for his alleged penchant for freeing powerful politicians suspected of corruption. In 2009, fellow Justice Joaquim Barbosa confronted him during a televised session of the Court, comparing him to a local criminal leader who commanded "thugs".
He defends himself from criticism by arguing that he is a guardian of the rule of law and has always denied any wrongdoings.Grace Mendonça
Grace Maria Fernandes Mendonça (born 17 October 1968 in Januária) is a Brazilian lawyer, university professor and current Attorney General of Brazil, appointed by president Michel Temer after the resignation of Fábio Medina Osório.José Celso de Mello Filho
José Celso de Mello Filho (Tatuí, November 1, 1945), is a Brazilian jurist, currently the oldest member of the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil and is, therefore, referred to as the dean of the Court. He was nominated by President José Sarney in 1989.He became the youngest President of the Court in 1997.José Eduardo Cardozo
José Eduardo Cardozo (born 18 April 1959) is a Brazilian lawyer, politician and former Attorney General of Brazil.Luís Inácio Adams
Luís Inácio Lucena Adams (b. March 2, 1965, Porto Alegre) is a Brazilian lawyer who was appointed to be Brazil's Attorney General on October 23, 2009.Adams earned his LL.B from the Faculty of Law of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre, the capital of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, and later pursued a LLM from the Faculty of Law of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, in Florianópolis, the capital of the State of Santa Catarina.He was attorney for the National Treasury from 1993. In 2006, assumed leadership of the Attorney General of the Treasury and will be the first minister of the AGU to belong to one of the careers of the institution. Both posts are held in Brasília, the capital of Brazil.Marco Aurélio Mello
Marco Aurélio Mendes de Farias Mello (born 12 July 1946, Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian justice of the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil, and member of the family of the former President of Brazil Fernando Collor de Mello.
In a controversial decision, Marco Aurélio Mello has recently (October, 2012) decided to interrupt the imprisonment of Luiz André Ferreira da Silva (aka Deco), a politician of the city of Rio de Janeiro who has been arrested for involvement with the Milícia mafia at Rio de Janeiro.Paulo Bernardo
Paulo Bernardo Silva (São Paulo, 10 March 1952) is a Brazilian politician who is a member of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT). He is the former Minister of Communications.
In 2011 he proposed an idea of passing a law on paid television which according to him will double the amount of subscribers to 1.5 million.Paulo Bernardo was arrested by the Federal Police charged of receiving bribery from the Federal Government loan program for retired workers. On 29 June 2016, Paulo Bernardo was released from jail as per a preliminary monocratic decision taken by the Brazilian Supreme Court Minister Dias Toffoli, who was, in the past, attorney of the Worker's Party (PT).
His wife, Gleisi Hoffmann, is a Senator for Parana state. Hoffmann was accused of receiving R$1.000.000,00 of Petrobras dirty money in her campaign to the Senate in 2010. She is currently under investigation by the Supreme Court for that alleged crime.Rcl 12876 and MS 32077
Rcl 12876 and MS 32077 (the first is pending, the second was decided), are landmark Brazil Supreme Court cases.Ricardo Lewandowski
Enrique Ricardo Lewandowski (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽˈʁiki ʁiˈkaʁdu lɛvɐ̃ ˈdɔvski]; born May 11, 1948) is a Brazilian judge and a former chief justice of the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil.Lewandowski presided over the impeachment trial of president Dilma Rousseff, and controversially separated the cassation of her term from the cassation of her political rights. Two votes, then, occurred, and, upon losing her mandate, she maintained her political rights. Vice President Michel Temer succeeded her.
Lewandowski was replaced by Carmen Lúcia who was championed by José Celso de Mello Filho, Brazil's most senior jurist. Lewandowski had been known for championing a reduction in oversight of judges and an increase in their remuneration. Lucia's champion gave a speech talking about the need to remove corruption despite the presence of a number of alleged suspects.Rodrigo Maia
Rodrigo Felinto Ibarra Epitácio Maia (born June 12, 1970) is a Brazilian politician who has been the President of the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil since July 2016. Maia is the son of former Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia and he is in his fifth term as congressman.Supreme Federal Court
The Supreme Federal Court (Portuguese: Supremo Tribunal Federal, [suˈpɾẽmu tɾibuˈnaw fedeˈɾaw], abbreviated STF) is the supreme court (court of last resort) of Brazil, serving primarily as the Constitutional Court of the country. It is the highest court of law in Brazil for constitutional issues and its rulings cannot be appealed. On questions involving exclusively non-constitutional issues, regarding federal laws, the highest court is, by rule, the Superior Court of Justice.
Alongside its appeal competence, mostly by the Extraordinary Appeal (Recurso Extraordinário), the Court has a small range of cases of original jurisdiction, including the power of judicial review, judging the constitutionality of laws passed by the National Congress, through a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade, or ADI). There are also other mechanisms for reaching the Court directly, such as the Declaratory Action of Constitutionality (Ação Declaratória de Constitucionalidade, or ADC) and the Direct Action of Unconstitutionality by Omission (Ação Direta de Inconstitucionalidade por Omissão or ADO).
The eleven judges of the court are called Ministers (Ministro), although having no similarity with the government body of ministers. They are appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. There is no term length but a mandatory retirement age of 75.
All judicial and administrative meetings of the Supreme Court have been broadcast live on television since 2002. The Court is open for the public to watch the meetings.
In May 2009 The Economist called the Supreme Federal Court "the most overburdened court in the world, thanks to a plethora of rights and privileges entrenched in the country's 1988 constitution (...) till recently the tribunal's decisions did not bind lower courts. The result was a court that is overstretched to the point of mutiny. The Supreme Court received 100,781 cases last year."Toffoli
Toffoli is an Italian surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Dario De Toffoli, Italian board game designer
Dias Toffoli (born 1967), President of the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil
Elisa (Italian singer) (born 1977), full name Elisa Toffoli, Italian singer-songwriter
Gaúcho (footballer) (1964–2016), full name Luís Carlos Toffoli, Brazilian footballer
Patricia Tóffoli (born 1960), Venezuelan beauty pageant titleholder
Tommaso Toffoli (born 1943), Italian-American professor of engineering at Boston University
Tyler Toffoli (born 1992), Canadian ice hockey player