Diabetes UK

Diabetes UK is a British-based patient, healthcare professional and research charity that has been described as "one of the foremost diabetes charities in the UK".[1] The charity campaigns for improvements in the care and treatment of people with diabetes.

Diabetes UK
Charity
Founded1934
FounderH. G. Wells, Dr R. D. Lawrence
HeadquartersLondon, offices in Glasgow, Cardiff, Belfast, Warrington, Darlington, Walsall, Witham, Nottingham, Epsom, Taunton,
Members180,000+
WebsiteDiabetes UK

History

Diabetes UK was founded in 1934 as The Diabetic Association, by the author H. G. Wells and Dr R. D. Lawrence.[2] Diabetes UK's first research grant was made in 1936.[3] The organisation has since had two name changes—in 1954 to The British Diabetic Association and again in June 2000 to Diabetes UK.[2][4][5]

In 1999, the charity reviewed its services for people in their 20s to 40s, hoping to get more of that age grup involved; at the time, 70% of younger people with diabetes were members but only 5% of people aged 20-40 with diabetes.[6]

As of 2010, the charity's yearly income was £29,334,000.[7]

Services

Groups

Diabetes UK's first voluntary group was set up in 1939; there are now 350 groups across the UK.

Conferences

The society runs conferences for people with diabetes, volunteers and healthcare professionals.[5]

Holidays

The charity has been providing holidays for children since the 1930s.[8][9] Family and adult holidays have been introduced since.[10]

Telephone services

In 1993 the organisation launched an information line for patients, family and friends was launched.[11][12]

Research

Diabetes UK provides funding for United Kingdom-based research into the causes and treatment of diabetes and its complications. The charity's first research grant was made in 1936.[3]

The charity provides financial support for "project grants, funding to purchase laboratory equipment, and research-training opportunities ranging from PhD studentships to research fellowships."[13] In 2011, the charity awarded £1,035,743 to five new research grants, and £440,051 to five new PhD studentships.[14]

Publications

Diabetes UK produces a range of information booklets and various magazines, including the magazine "Balance" (formerly The Diabetic Journal), first published in 1935, changing its name to Balance in 1961[3]), and "Diabetes Update" for professionals. It also, via Blackwell Publishing, produces the academic journal, Diabetic Medicine. Previous issues were published by John Wiley and Sons (Volume 1, 1984 to Volume 17, mid2000).

The charity has also published practice guidelines for professionals.[15]

Controversy

In 1999 there was criticism that the association had suppressed a report about the dangers of synthetic insulin.[16][17]

See also

References

  1. ^ Clive Petry (2014-02-07). Gestational Diabetes: Origins, Complications, and Treatment. CRC Press. pp. 195–. ISBN 978-1-4398-7997-9. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Parkinson, Caroline (15 February 2014). "HG Wells: The first celebrity charity campaigner?". BBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b c In the beginning… - J. Mace, 1994. Balance, Feb–Mar: 8–14.
  4. ^ Lehmann, ED (2004). "British Diabetic Association review of the AIDA v4 diabetes software simulator program". Diabetes Technol Ther. Retrieved 14 February 2019. the British Diabetic Association (BDA)-now called Diabetes UK
  5. ^ a b John Keeler (14 May 2004). Living Life with Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons. p. 119-128. ISBN 978-0-470-87003-7. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  6. ^ Ramrayka, Liza (7 April 1999). "Active service". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Britain's top 1,000 charities ranked by donations. Who raises the most money?". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  8. ^ Court, S (1999). "Diabetic camps — who benefits?". Current Paediatrics. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  9. ^ Jessica Datta (4 April 2001). Moving up with Diabetes: The transition from paediatric to adult care. JKP. p. 189. ISBN 978-1-907969-44-7. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  10. ^ Give us a break! - G. Hood, 1994. Balance, Feb–Mar: 82–83.
  11. ^ Who cares? We do. - R. French, 2004. Balance, July–Aug: 47–48
  12. ^ Matthewman, Diana (1 August 1994). "Appeals: British Diabetic Association launch new campaign". The Independent. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  13. ^ http://www.diabetes.org.uk/Research/About-our-research/
  14. ^ http://www.diabetes.org.uk/Research/Current-research/
  15. ^ Trisha Dunning (15 April 2008). Nursing Care of Older People with Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-4051-7286-8. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  16. ^ Brown, Paul (9 March 1999). "Diabetics not told of insulin risk". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  17. ^ Barnett, Antony (7 May 2000). "GM medicine 'risks the lives of diabetics'". The Observer. Retrieved 14 February 2019.

Further reading

External links

Barbara Young, Baroness Young of Old Scone

Barbara Scott Young, Baroness Young of Old Scone FRSGS, HonMLS (born 8 April 1948 in Perth, Scotland) is a Labour member of the House of Lords. She was created a life peer on 4 November 1997 as Baroness Young of Old Scone, of Old Scone in Perth and Kinross.Baroness Young is currently chair of the Woodland Trust. She joined the Trust’s Board in January 2016 and became chair on 9 June 2016.

She was the Chief Executive of health charity Diabetes UK, a position she took up on 1 November 2010 till September 2015.Before joining Diabetes UK, Young was involved in the establishment of the Care Quality Commission (CQC). Then Health Secretary Alan Johnson announced the appointment of Baroness Young as chair of the organisation on 15 April 2008. The announcement followed an independent recruitment exercise conducted by the Appointments Commission and a pre-appointment scrutiny hearing. by the Health Select Committee, which subsequently endorsed Barbara Young for appointment as the CQC chair. She held this position until 1 February 2010.Prior to taking up the post of chair of the CQC, Barbara Young was the chief executive of the Environment Agency (2000 – May 2008), an appointment which led to her becoming a non-affiliated member in the House of Lords; previously she had taken the Labour whip. Other posts she has held include chair of English Nature; vice chairman of the BBC; board member of AWG plc; Chief Executive of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and of a number of local health authorities, including Parkside Health Authority.

In 2010 Barbara Young was appointed Chancellor of Cranfield University and was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2017.

Chris Hughes (hypnotist)

Chris Hughes (born 18 April 1975) is a British born TV hypnotist, hypnotherapist, speaker, and entertainer. He is known for attempting to set a world record for the biggest online hypnosis event. The Socialtrance live event was exclusively for users of Facebook and Twitter and attracted over 1,000,000 listeners from over 130 countries.Since this event he has become increasingly well known for his modern approach to hypnosis. He featured and appeared on BBC One, BBC Three, ITV , Sky Living, CNN Türk, BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio 5 Live and Talksport with Ian Collins. In the same year on the 31 May, over 13,500 people took part in the Socialtrance Stop Smoking Session for World No Tobacco Day once again for users of Facebook and Twitter.

On World Hypnotism Day, 4 January 2011, Socialtrance returned with a weight loss session for charity which over 30,000 people attended. The live 30 minute hypnosis webcast was designed to modify the eating habits of all participants. At the end of the session a weight loss MP3 was released on iTunes and all other major music sites with all proceeds from the download donated to Diabetes UK.In September 2011 Hughes appeared on Sky Living's Slave to Food with Steps singer Claire Richards. During the first episode Hughes is seen hypnotising Claire and trying to help change her relationship with food.

DUK

DUK may refer to:

DUK (film distributor)

Duke Energy (NYSE:DUK)

Diabetes UK

Diabetic diet

A diabetic diet is a diet that is used by people with diabetes mellitus or high blood glucose to minimize symptoms and dangerous consequences of the disease.

Since carbohydrate is the macronutrient that raises blood glucose levels most significantly, the greatest debate is how low in carbohydrates the diet should be. This is because although lowering carbohydrate intake will help reduce blood glucose levels, a low-carbohydrate diet conflicts with the traditional establishment view that carbohydrates should be the main source of calories. Recommendations of the fraction of total calories to be obtained from carbohydrate are generally in the range of 20% to 45%, but recommendations can vary as widely as from 16% to 75%.For overweight and obese people with Type 2 diabetes, any weight-loss diet that the person will adhere to and achieve weight loss on is at least partly effective.The most agreed-upon recommendation is for the diet to be low in sugar and refined carbohydrates, while relatively high in dietary fiber, especially soluble fiber. People with diabetes are also encouraged to eat small frequent meals a day. Likewise, people with diabetes may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index (GI), although this is also controversial. (In cases of hypoglycemia, they are advised to have food or drink that can raise blood glucose quickly, such as a sugary sports drink, followed by a long-acting carbohydrate (such as rye bread) to prevent risk of further hypoglycemia.) Others question the usefulness of the glycemic index and recommend high-GI foods like potatoes and rice. It has been claimed that oleic acid has a slight advantage over linoleic acid in reducing plasma glucose.

Elinor Crawley

Elinor Crawley (born 8 November 1991) is a Welsh actress. She is best known for her role as Thyri in the television series Vikings and for portraying Cecily of York in The White Queen.

H. G. Wells

Herbert George Wells (21 September 1866 – 13 August 1946) was an English writer. He was prolific in many genres, writing dozens of novels, short stories, and works of social commentary, satire, biography, and autobiography, and even including two books on recreational war games. He is now best remembered for his science fiction novels and is often called a "father of science fiction", along with Jules Verne and Hugo Gernsback.During his own lifetime, however, he was most prominent as a forward-looking, even prophetic social critic who devoted his literary talents to the development of a progressive vision on a global scale. A futurist, he wrote a number of utopian works and foresaw the advent of aircraft, tanks, space travel, nuclear weapons, satellite television and something resembling the World Wide Web. His science fiction imagined time travel, alien invasion, invisibility, and biological engineering. Brian Aldiss referred to Wells as the "Shakespeare of science fiction". His most notable science fiction works include The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), The War of the Worlds (1898) and the military science fiction The War in the Air (1907). Wells was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times.Wells's earliest specialised training was in biology, and his thinking on ethical matters took place in a specifically and fundamentally Darwinian context. He was also from an early date an outspoken socialist, often (but not always, as at the beginning of the First World War) sympathising with pacifist views. His later works became increasingly political and didactic, and he wrote little science fiction, while he sometimes indicated on official documents that his profession was that of journalist. Novels such as Kipps and The History of Mr Polly, which describe lower-middle-class life, led to the suggestion that he was a worthy successor to Charles Dickens, but Wells described a range of social strata and even attempted, in Tono-Bungay (1909), a diagnosis of English society as a whole. A diabetic, Wells co-founded the charity The Diabetic Association (known today as Diabetes UK) in 1934.

Health in Cyprus

In 2006, life expectancy for males in Cyprus was 79 and for females 82 years. Infant mortality in 2002 was 5 per 1,000 live births, comparing favourably to most developed nations.A systematic population analysis of deaths in the adult population (ages 15–59) and released in 2010 in The Lancet place Cyprus as the country with the lowest mortality in females and 14th lowest mortality in males.A new measure of expected human capital calculated for 195 countries from 1990 to 2016 and defined for each birth cohort as the expected years lived from age 20 to 64 years and adjusted for educational attainment, learning or education quality, and functional health status was published by The Lancet in September 2018. Cyprus had the twentieth highest level of expected human capital with 24 health, education, and learning-adjusted expected years lived between age 20 and 64 years.

Health in Montenegro

Life expectancy is 72 years for men and 76 years for women.

In 2015 it was estimated that 12% of the population of Montenegro had diabetes.

Health in Portugal

Health in Portugal is characterized by the existence of a high quality healthcare system (ranked as the 9th best in Europe and 12th in the World), allowing the country to achieve good rankings in several health indices.

Health in Serbia

Serbia had the second-highest mortality in Europe, at 709 per 100,000 population in 2015.

Health in the Republic of Macedonia

Life expectancy in 2016 was 74 for men and 78 for women.

In 2015 it was estimated that 11.44% of the Macedonian population has diabetes, costing about $403 per person per year. In 2015 it had the fourth highest rate of death from non-communicable diseases in Europe(637 per 100,000).

Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust

The Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust operates in the city of Hull and the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.

It is based on two sites (Hull Royal Infirmary and Castle Hill Hospital). The Trust is in the top 5 largest trusts in England and provides acute care for a local population of 600,000 and over 1.2 million people for tertiary services.

The Trust employs over 8,500 people and has an annual turnover of over £500 million. It is proposing to change its name to Hull University Teaching Hospitals Trust.

Joe Pasquale

Joseph Ellis Pasquale (born 20 August 1961) is an English comedian, actor and television presenter, known for being crowned "King of the Jungle", in the fourth series of I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here! in 2004.

In January 2013, Pasquale became one of twelve celebrities participating in the eighth series of Dancing on Ice, with skating partner Vicky Ogden. The following year Pasquale participated in the show again in an All Stars series. This time he was partnered with Robin Johnstone.

Pasquale is known for the naturally high pitch of his voice which he uses to heighten the comic value of his jokes.

He has also hosted the revived version of the game show The Price is Right.

Miquel Porta

Miquel Porta (Barcelona, 1957) is a Catalan physician, epidemiologist and scholar. He has promoted the integration of biological, clinical and environmental knowledge and methods in health research and teaching, which he has conducted internationally; notably, in Spain, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Harvard, Imperial College London, and several other universities in Europe, North America, Kuwait, and Brazil. Appointed by the International Epidemiological Association (IEA)[1], in 2008 he succeeded the Canadian epidemiologist John M. Last as Editor of "A Dictionary of Epidemiology". In the Preface to this book he argues for an inclusive and integrative practice of the science of epidemiology.

He is currently the head of the Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology of Cancer Unit at the Hospital del Mar Institute of Medical Research - IMIM [2]. He is also a Professor of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), and an Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology at the Gilling School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC). After graduating from the UAB School of Medicine in 1981, Porta was during 3 years a Fellow with the Division of Clinical Pharmacology of UAB. He was then awarded a Fulbright scholarship to pursue the Master of Public Health (MPH) program at UNC, where he was later a Burroughs Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellow in Pharmacoepidemiology.

The three main lines of research of his Unit at IMIM are: 1) Clinical and molecular epidemiology of pancreatic cancer and cancer of the extrahepatic biliary system. Gene-environment interactions with organochlorine compounds in the etiopathogenesis of pancreatic diseases. 2) Screening, early clinical detection, and "diagnostic delay" in cancer. 3) Assessing the impact on human health of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POPs).Other than at the UAB School of Medicine, he has also taught on molecular epidemiology, clinical epidemiology and pharmacoepidemiology at other institutions, including McGill University (Montreal, Canada), Imperial College (London), the European Educational Programme in Epidemiology (Firenze, Italy), the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (Münster, Germany), several universities in Kuwait, Italy, Brazil and Mexico, and at Harvard, where he was on sabbatical in 1998-1999. He has acted as a grant and doctoral thesis reviewer for the Karolinska Institutet, the Finnish Academy, Diabetes UK, and several other European and American scientific organisations.

From 1994 to 1998 he was President of the Spanish Society of Epidemiology (SEE). From 2002 to 2005 he was European Councillor of the International Epidemiological Association (IEA) and Chairman of the IEA European Epidemiology Federation.He is (co)author of over 300 papers. Beyond his main lines of research, he has written on topics such as causality and the Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) / Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD) link, persistent organic pollutants and public health, genome metaphors, the bibliographic impact factor and scientific journals, or the roles of scientific associations, among other issues.He is a member of the editorial boards of the European Journal of Clinical Investigation, ‘Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health’ [3], and the ‘Journal of Clinical Epidemiology’,, and a Co-editor of the ‘European Journal of Epidemiology’. In 2018 he published his first book addressed to the general public on human internal contamination and ways to prevent it.

Nita Forouhi

Nita Gandhi Forouhi is a British physician and academic, specialising in nutrition and epidemiology. She is Professor of Population Health and Nutrition at the University of Cambridge, the programme leader of the nutritional epidemiology programme of its MRC Epidemiology Unit, and an honorary consultant public health physician with Public Health England.

Oral glucose gel

Oral glucose gel is an over-the-counter medication, consisting primarily of dextrose and water, along with small amounts of other compounds. It is frequently used by people with diabetes and those with hypoglycaemia to raise their blood glucose when it becomes dangerously low.

Hypoglycaemia occurs when blood sugar levels drop too low; it can cause a variety of symptoms including hunger, sweating, rapid heart rate, and shaking. If left untreated, hypoglycaemia can lead to a loss of consciousness. Onset of hypoglycaemia can be sudden, requiring glucose levels to be normalised by consuming carbohydrates. Diabetics are generally recommended to carry 15 grams of glucose with them at all times.

Penny Mordaunt

Penelope Mary Mordaunt (; born 4 March 1973) is a British Conservative politician serving as Member of Parliament (MP) for Portsmouth North since 2010. She has served as Secretary of State for International Development since 2017 and Minister for Women and Equalities since April 2018. Before becoming an MP, Mordaunt worked in business and communications and is currently the only female MP who is a Royal Naval Reservist.

Mordaunt served in the Cameron Government as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Communities and Local Government prior to being appointed Minister of State for the Armed Forces at the Ministry of Defence in May 2015, the first woman to hold this post. From 15 July 2016 to 9 November 2017, she served in the May Government as Minister of State at the Department for Work and Pensions, and on 9 November 2017 she was appointed International Development Secretary.

Polyphagia

Polyphagia or hyperphagia is excessive hunger or increased appetite.It is a medical sign meaning excessive hunger and abnormally large intake of solids by mouth. It can be caused by disorders such as diabetes, Kleine–Levin syndrome (a malfunction in the hypothalamus), and the genetic disorders Prader–Willi syndrome and Bardet–Biedl syndrome. Knocking out vagal nerve receptors has been shown to cause hyperphagia.

Tim Atkins

Tim Atkins (born 24 March 1990) is a British field hockey player. He plays for the Scotland men's national field hockey team and plays club hockey in the Men's England Hockey League for Surbiton Hockey Club. He is also a type 1 diabetic working closely with Diabetes UK.

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