Dhemaji

Dhemaji (Pron: deɪˈmɑ:ʤi or di:ˈmɑ:ʤi) is the headquarters of Dhemaji district, Assam, India. It is one of the remote districts of Assam.

Dhemaji
town
Dhemaji is located in Assam
Dhemaji
Dhemaji
Location in Assam, India
Dhemaji is located in India
Dhemaji
Dhemaji
Dhemaji (India)
Coordinates: 27°29′N 94°35′E / 27.48°N 94.58°ECoordinates: 27°29′N 94°35′E / 27.48°N 94.58°E
CountryIndia
StateAssam
DistrictDhemaji
Government
 • BodyDhemaji Town Committee
Area
 • Total3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation
91 m (299 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total12,816
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialAssamese
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS 22
Sex ratio1000:915 /
Websitewww.dhemaji.nic.in

Etymology

The town's name "Dhemaji' is derived from the Deori-Chutia word "Dema-ji" which means "great water" indicating it to be a flood-prone region.[1]

Geography

Dhemaji is located at 27°29′N 94°35′E / 27.48°N 94.58°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 91 metres (298 feet). Dhemaji is located to the north of the river brahmaputra. To its north lies the Arunachal himalayas. To its east is the state, Arunachal Pradesh and to the west is lakhimpur, a district of Assam. It has many big and small rivers flowing through it. Some of them are Jiadhal, Gainodi, and Cemen. The river Subansiri flows by its western border.

History

The area of the present district was under the control of the Chutiya kings during their reign of over 400 years. Ruins of the erstwhile capital are still there but not well preserved. A number of monuments Ghuguha Dol, Ma Manipuri Than, Padumani Than built by the Ahom kings are worth visiting.

Dhemaji became a fully-fledged district on 14 October 1989, when it was split from Lakhimpur district.[3]

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[4] Dhemaji had a population of 12816. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Dhemaji has an average literacy rate of 92%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94% and, female literacy is 89%. In Dhemaji, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

In 2006 the Indian government named Dhemaji one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5] During the last 10 years Dhemaji has been witnessing rapid growth in terms of business and education. The economy of Dhemaji is based on agriculture. In the recent decade a growth in the nursery business has been seen in the region under leadership of Mr.Tankeswar Doloi, who has collected more than 100 varieties of orchids and Mr. Ajit Dutta of Asok Nursery who have created work culture through their own individual enterprises in the region.[6] The prominent employment avenue apart from agriculture is the service sector (govt. jobs, school teachers). Central govt. schemes for rural development is changing the scene of the district. People now have different options to enrich themselves. The DRDA, Zilla Parishad, Gram Panchayat are flourishing income opportunities to the people as well as the office-bearers of these organizations.

Transport

The National Highway NH15 passes through Dhemaji and goes towards Lahoal via the Bogibeel bridge. Another National Highway, NH515 separates from the NH15 at Kulajan and ends at Pasighat passing through Jonai. In Railway, the town is served by the Dhemaji railway station of Rangiya railway division by it's broad-gauge train service and provides connectivity to Guwahati and Murkongselek.

Jiadhal and Gainadi are the most ravaging rivers in this district in terms of floods. Every year floods destroy a bulk of the agricultural proceeds and people take refuge in camps.

The nearest airport to Dhemaji is Lilabari Airport, near North Lakhimpur, some 66 km away.

A Bogibeel Bridge over the Brahmaputra is under construction that will connect Dhemaji with Dibrugarh by road as well as by rail. The state-highways here are comparatively well-off compared to its neighboring district.

Education

Dhemaji has a dozen of schools and colleges. Dhemaji is continuously making record over last four years by securing Highest passing percentage in HSLC exam. Currently Dhemaji has the highest Educated people in Assam (districtwise). The oldest recorded among them is a primary school, established in 1885 named Nalanipam L.P. School. The school is to be declared "Model School" by the SSA Mission, Assam. Dhemaji Higher Secondary School and Dhemaji Girls Higher Secondary School are pioneer educational schools at Dhemaji which produces a good number of talents at national and international level. St Francis de Sales School (a Christian missionary managed school) is a pioneer school providing education in English medium in the district. This school produces a good number of rank holders in High School Leaving Certificate Examination. Along with this other Missionary school in the district were Christ King school at Gogamukh, Don Bosco at Silapathar, Fransalian school at Jonai. Dhemaji College, Dhemaji Commerce College, Moridhal College are major colleges. Gogamukh College at Gogamukh, Silapathar College at Silapathar, Sissiborgaon College at Sissiborgaon, Murkongselek College at Jonai, Laimekuri college at Jonai, Bordoloni Central college are other colleges. There is also a newly established law college named 'Dhemaji Law College' which was established in 2017.Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Dhemaji, Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya Dhemaji, Kendriya Vidyalaya Gerukamukh, were some of CBSE affiliated school with a very good growth of result in past years. VKV, Dhemaji is one of the benchmark and mark holing school in Dhemaji and a very recommended school for all. Its vision is to get knowledge in every aspects of life. A good number of students are coming out from the roots of Dhemaji to join different institutes and organizations of international and national repute. An Engineering college and a Polytechnic Institute is scheduled to be established Shortly.[7] Education in remote villages have been mostly contributed by lots of Provincialised /Non-provincialized Venture Schools using volunteer teachers. A campus of Tezpur University has been planned in Laimekuri, Jonai Sub-division.

Politics

Dhemaji is part of Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency).[8] There are two Assembly constituencies in Dhemaji District- Dhemaji and Jonai. Dhemaji district is politically very poor. Community politics is main reason for this. Sarbananda Sonowal of Bharatiya Janata Party was Member of Parliament until May 2016 when he became Chief Minister of Assam.[9] Pradan Baruah of Bharatiya Janata Party is the present Member of Parliament of Lakhimpur Lok Sabha Constituency, Bhubon Pegu an independent M.L.A of Jonai.

Students' organisations such as Takam Mising Porin Kebang, All Assam Students Union, Asom Jatiyatabadi Yuva Chatra Parishad, All Bodo Students Union, National Students' Union of India, All Tai Ahom Students Union, All Assam Students Union are very popular through their activities.

Banking Service

With wide strengthening of Economy among both rural and urban people. Lot of new banks both Nationalised Bank i.e. Public sector banks in India and Private-sector bank had opened there branches in the various rural and urban areas of the district.

Telecommunication

With increasing popularity of Mobile service and internet connectivity. Internet connectivity through wireless datacards and Broadband is available. The major cellular service providers are Airtel, BSNL, Aircel, Vodafone, Reliance, Idea

4G services are a recent addition to the city. 3G services provided by Airtel, BSNL, Aircel, Vodafone

Sl No. Mobile Operator
1 BSNL[10]
2 Aircel[11]
3 Reliance[12]
4 Airtel[13]
5 Idea
6 Vodafone[14]
7 Jio[15]

References

  1. ^ Brown, W.B. An Outline of the Deori-Chutia language. Assam secretariat printing office,1895, p. 70.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhemaji
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ http://www.sentinelassam.com/state1/story.php?sec=2&subsec=2&id=293783&dtP=2017-02-15&ppr=1
  7. ^ http://dteassam.in/index.php?menu=mnNewScheme
  8. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
  9. ^ ECI
  10. ^ http://www.assam.bsnl.co.in
  11. ^ http://www.aircel.com
  12. ^ http://www.rcom.co.in
  13. ^ http://www.airtel.in
  14. ^ http://www.vodafone.in
  15. ^ https://www.jio.com

External links

2004 Dhemaji school bombing

The 2004 Dhemaji school bombing occurred on August 15, 2004, on the occasion of Independence Day in Dhemaji, Assam. The bombing by Assamese militant group called United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) killed 18 people and injured many others. Most of the victims were schoolchildren aged between 12 and 14 and their mothers.

Chutiya Kingdom

The Chutiya Kingdom, (pronounced Sutia) (চুতীয়া in Assamese) (1187-1673), also known as Chutia, Sutiya or Sadiya, was a state established by one of the Chutiya chieftains named Birpal in 1187 CE in the areas comprising the present-day Indian states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Birpal was one of the numerous Chutiya chieftains/rajas (who ruled Upper Assam and Arunachal) and initially ruled parts of present-day Arunachal Pradesh. Over the years he and his successors united all the hill and plain Chutiya kings of Assam as well as Arunachal Pradesh to form the greater Chutiya kingdom after the fall of Pala dominance. It was the largest kingdom in Assam after the fall of Kamrupa and before the rise of Ahom kingdom. The kingdom absorbed the ancient Pala dynasty of Kamarupa and reigned for over 400 years in eastern Assam and Arunachal Pradesh with its capital at Sadiya and Ratnapur. It became the dominant power in eastern Assam in the 12th century and remained so until the 16th century with its domain from Parshuram Kund in the east to Vishwanath in the west and in the process of its expansion had absorbed many local communities and tribes.

It controlled the present Assam districts of Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Tinsukia, parts of Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Sonitpur and East Siang, Subansiri, Lower Dibang, Lohit districts of Arunachal Pradesh.Among the Chutiya kings was Gaurinarayan (Ratnadhwajpal), son of Birpal. He brought many other Chutiya groups into his kingdom. In 1224, Ratnadhwajpal defeated another Chutiya king named Bhadrasena, the king of Swetagiri, and conquered the area between Subansiri and Sissi rivers, i.e. present-day Dhemaji district. In 1228, he went on another campaign to further expand his kingdom and subjugate the Chutiya king Nyayapal (ruling the areas between Biswanath and Subansiri,i.e. present-day Biswanath and Lakhimpur districts) and marched toward Kamatapur, where he formed an alliance with the Kamata ruler by marrying a princess. Then he marched to Dhaka, and made friends with the Gauda ruler. The hostilities with the Ahoms began when the Chutiya Kingdom expanded to the south during which the Ahom king, Sutuphaa, was killed by the Chutiya king during a friendly negotiation. This conflict triggered a number of battles between the two sides which saw the great loss of men and money. The simmering dispute often flared till 1524 when the Ahoms struck the Chutiya Kingdom at its weakest state, took Sadiya and killed the then king, Nityapal. The Ahoms established their rule by instituting the position of Sadiyakhowa Gohain, a newly constituted position of frontier-governor in charge of Sadiya. But the Chutiya had dispersed to frontier regions, and continued raids against the Ahoms. It finally ended in 1673 when they fell under the domination of the Ahoms.

Dhemaji (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Dhemaji (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of Assam a north east state of India. Dhemaji is also part of Lakhimpur Lok Sabha constituency. It is a reserved seat for the Scheduled tribes (ST).

Dhemaji district

Dhemaji district (Pron:deɪˈmɑ:ʤi or di:ˈmɑ:ʤi) is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Dhemaji. The district occupies an area of 3237 km² and has a population of 686,133 (as of 2011). Main Religions are Hindus 548,780, Muslims 10,533, Christians 6,390.

Dhemaji railway station

Dhemaji railway station is a main railway station in Dhemaji district, Assam. Its code is DMC. It serves Dhemaji town. The station consists of two platforms.

Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Lakhimpur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 14 Lok Sabha constituencies in Assam state in north-eastern India.

Lakhimpur district

Lakhimpur ( LAK-im-POOR) is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarter is located at North Lakhimpur. The district is bounded on the North by Siang and Papumpare District of Arunachal Pradesh and on the East by Dhemaji District and Subansiri River. Majuli District stands on the Southern side and Biswanath District is on the West.

List of institutions of higher education in Assam

Assam has the most wide-ranging networks of higher educational institutions in the whole of the North-Eastern region of India. The presence of institutions like the National Institute of Technology, Silchar; Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati; and North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat, The National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam; helps to add stature to the higher education system of Assam.

Murkongselek

Murkongselek is a village in Assam. It is located in the north-eastern part of Dhemaji district, 42 km from Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh. Tourist attractions are located nearby in Mohmora, Jonai and Silapathar. The village also has a railway station. It is around 540 km from Guwahati. Nearest airport is Mohanbari Airport, Dibrugarh.

Murkongselek railway station

Murkongselek railway station is a main railway station in Dhemaji district, Assam. Its code is MZS. It serves Murkongselek town. The station consists of three platforms. The station has been upgraded to a standard Class III Station.

National Highway 515 (India)

National Highway 515 (NH 515) is a National Highway in the Northeastern Indian states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. NH 515 starts at the intersection of NH 15 north of Dhemaji and generally traverses east and northeast. It runs for a distance of 111 km (69 mi), initially through Assam and the rest in Arunachal Pradesh.

North Bank Baptist Christian Association

North Bank Baptist Christian Association is a Protestant church of India belonging to the Baptist denomination and was established in the year 1950.. As of 2015, It has 1,136 congregations and 88,976 members. It is affiliated to the Baptist World Alliance.

North Bank Baptist Christian Association (NBCCA) is in cooperation with the Baptist General Conference of USA. It is headquartered in Shakomato Christian Center, Biswanath Chariali, Sonitpur District of Assam. The following Baptist associations are its constituent bodies:

Boro Baptist Convention

Nyishi Baptist Church Council

Adi Baptist Union

Sonitpur Baptist Christian Association

Lakhimpur Baptist Christian Association

Apatani Baptist Association

Dhemaji Mishing Baptist Association

Dhemaji Baptist Christian Association

Pradan Baruah

Pradan Baruah is an Indian politician who is member of Parliament and elected to 16th Lok Sabha from Lakhimpur seat since November 2016. He won the bye-election in November 2016, after the seating member Sarbananda Sonowal resigned from the seat in May 2016 after becoming the Chief Minister of Assam. He was earlier the member of Assam Legislative Assembly from Dhemaji Assembly constituency ( no 113) in Dhemaji district.

He is a member of Bharatiya Janata Party. Previously, Baruah was member of Indian National Congress but defected from Congress before the assembly election along with Himanta Biswa Sarma in 2016.

Silapathar

Silapathar is a city in Dhemaji district in the Indian state of Assam. The city is situated on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River, and is located 470 kilometres from the city of Guwahati and just 9 km from Arunachal Pradesh.Historical Malinithan mandir is located on its subareas.

It is the commercial hub of Dhemaji district and Arunachal Pradesh, the place has a heady mix of indigenous Assamese people of Mishings and immigrants principally Nepali, Hindi

and Bengalis.

Sissiborgaon

Sissiborgaon is a village and tehsil of Dhemaji district, Assam state, India. Sissiborgaon is a populated developed village.

St Francis de Sales School, Dhemaji

St. Francis de Sales School, also known as Francis de Sales or SFS, is a co-educational private English Medium school in Dhemaji, Assam. Privately funded and independent, it was founded in 1979, by Fr Verketh Veliadeth. The school is a recognized Christian minority private institution run by the Missionaries of St. Francis de Sales and affiliated to the Board of Secondary Education, Assam (SEBA)

.The school also topped the list of schools in Assam particularly Dhemaji for its academic excellence .

Tatibahar railway station

Tatibahar railway station is a main railway station in Lakhimpur district, Assam. Its code is TBH. It serves Tatibahar town. The station consists of three platforms.

Tora (film)

Tora (Assamese: তৰা) is an Assamese language children’s film directed by Jahnu Barua and produced by the Children's Film Society, India. The film was released in 2004. The film received the Best Children’s Film award in the 51st National Film Awards for the year 2003.

Upper Assam Division

Upper – Assam is an administrative division of the state of Assam comprising the undivided Lakhimpur and Sivasagar (previously, Sibsagar) districts, of the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra valley. The other divisions are: Lower – Assam, North Assam and Hills and Barak Valley. The division is under the jurisdiction of a Commissioner, stationed at Jorhat.

Consisting of 7 districts initially, the Upper – Assam division now contains 9 districts, that includes Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Dhemaji, Golaghat, Charaideo, Lakhimpur, Majuli, Sivasagar, and Tinsukia. While Charaideo and Majuli are the newest districts that were raised to district status in 2016, Golaghat and Tinsukia are the biggest districts in terms square kilometre area in the region, raised to the district status in the years of 1987 and 1989 respectively.Dibrugarh,1 Golaghat2 and Jorhat3 are also the oldest recognised and constantly inhabited urban centres (municipal areas) in the region based on the earliest years of formation of the civic bodies, constituted before the Indian independence of 1947.An extended list of Upper – Assam region also includes the districts of Sonitpur, Karbi Anglong & Nagaon. The region is the most productive part of the state of Assam, which is rich in natural resources like coal, oil and natural gas as well as tea plantations.

Dhubri, Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Goalpara, Darrang, Morigaon, Baksa, Udalguri, Chirang, Kamrup, Barpeta & Nalbari come under Lower – Assam.

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