Dharmapuri district

Dharmapuri is a district in western part of Tamil Nadu in South India. It is the first district created in Tamil Nadu after the independence of India by splitting it from then-Salem district on 02 October, 1965. The other major towns in the district are Harur, Palacode, Karimangalam, Pennagaram and Pappireddipatti. Dharmapuri District is one of the major producers of mango in the state, fine quality granite is found in the district. It is also one of the main sericulture belts in the state. Around 30 percent of the district's area is under forest cover. Cauvery river enters Tamil Nadu through this district.

Dharmapuri District
Hogenakkal Waterfalls
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°7′33.6″N 78°9′14.4″E / 12.126000°N 78.154000°ECoordinates: 12°7′33.6″N 78°9′14.4″E / 12.126000°N 78.154000°E
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
EstablishedOct 02, 1965
Founded byKing Adhiyaman
HeadquartersDharmapuri
TaluksDharmapuri,

Harur,

Karimangalam,

Nallampalli,

Palakcode,

Pappireddipatti,

Pennagaram
Government
 • District CollectorS. Malarvizhi, IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri. D. Magesh Kumar I.P.S. IPS
Area
 • Total4,497.77 km2 (1,736.60 sq mi)
Area rank11
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,506,843
 • Rank24
 • Density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
636 701
Telephone code04342
ISO 3166 codeISO 3166-2:IN
Vehicle registrationTN-29[1]
Largest cityDharmapuri
Largest metroDharmapuri
Central location:12°7′N 78°9′E / 12.117°N 78.150°E
Websitedharmapuri.nic.in

Etymology

Dharmapuri was called Tagadur during the Sangam era. The name Tagadur is derived from two Tamil words, "Thagadu" meaning iron (iron ore), and "Oor" meaning "place". The name Tagadur was changed to Dharmapuri after the Sangam period, possibly during the period of the Vijayanagara Empire or the period of the Kingdom of Mysore. The name Tagadur is still used by some of the people of Dharmapuri.

History

The region is believed to have been controlled by the Pallava dynasty in the 8th century. The Rashtrakutas took over in the 9th century. They were defeated by the Cholas in the 11th century, and subsequently the district came under the Chola sphere of governance.[2]

During 18th century present day Dharmapuri district was part of the Kingdom of Mysore and was called Baramahal. As part of the Treaty of Seringapatam (signed on 18 March 1792) after the Third Anglo-Mysore War, Tipu Sultan agreed to give part of his territories including present-day Dharmapuri district to the British East India Company which was then merged into the Madras Presidency an administrative subdivision of British India.

It was part of the Salem District under British rule, until the founding of Dharmapuri district on 2 October 1965. The Dharmapuri district was split into Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts in 2004.[2] Many historical rock sculptures are found in this district. Modhur, a village near Dharmapuri has remains that date back to the Neolithic age. A government museum in Dharmapuri town displays some of these significant sculptures.

Geography

The district is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. Occupies an area of 4,497.77 km2 (1,736.60 sq mi) (i.e. 3.46% of Tamil Nadu). It is bounded on the north by Krishnagiri District, on the east by Tiruvannamalai District and Viluppuram District, on the south by Salem District, and on the west by Karnataka's Chamarajanagar District. The whole district is surrounded by hills and forests, and the terrain is of rolling plains type. Dharmapuri is located in the geographically important area in south India.

Forests

The whole district is predominantly covered with forests. Spider Valley located near Hogenakkal is home to many wild animals. The district falls in the migratory path of elephants. Conflicts between man and elephant are most common in these parts. Many tribal communities depend on these forests. Vathalmalai, a mountain hamlet on top of Shervarayan hill chain has suitable conditions to cultivate coffee and jackfruit. Wild boars and spotted deer are commonly seen in Morappur and Harur forest region. Gaurs sometimes stroll near villages in the Bommidi region. Thoppur ghat has one of the area's scenic highways surrounded by mountains and forests.

Governance

Dharmapuri is the district headquarters. The district has been divided into two revenue divisions namely Dharmapuri and Harur consisting seven taluks.

Administrative divisions

Revenue divisions: Dharmapuri and Harur.

Revenue taluks: Dharmapuri, Harur, Karimangalam, Nallampalli, Palacode, Pappireddipatti, Pennagaram.

Town Panchayats: Harur, Marandahalli, Bommidi, Palakkodu, Pennagaram, Karimangalam, Kambainallur, Papparapatti, Kadathur, Pappireddipatti.

Panchayat Unions: Dharmapuri, Harur, Nallampalli, Palakkodu, Pennagaram, Karimangalam, Morappur, Pappireddipatti.

Demographics

According to 2011 census, Dharmapuri district had a population of 1,506,843 with a sex-ratio of 946 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[3] A total of 167,940 were under the age of six, constituting 87,777 males and 80,163 females. The average literacy of the district was 91.2% compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The district had a total of 375,873 households. There were a total of 751,170 workers, comprising 191,080 cultivators, 217,062 main agricultural labourers, 11,308 in house hold industries, 233,546 other workers, 98,174 marginal workers, 10,248 marginal cultivators, 50,283 marginal agricultural labourers, 4,033 marginal workers in household industries and 33,610 other marginal workers.[4] The population of the district is roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[5] or the US state of Hawaii.[6]

Economy

Agriculture

Farm Land, Pappireddipatti
Farm lands, near Pappireddipatti

Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts account for more than 60 -70% total mango production in Tamil Nadu.[7] It is a major producer of Ragi and saamai crops in the state. Exotic crops like dates are also being cultivated by some farmers in the areas around Ariyakulam.

Crop Area under cultivation(in hect.) in %
Paddy (Sornavari / Kuruvai / Kar / Samba / Thallady / Pisanam/ Navarai / Kodai) 9,465 5.60%
Millets(Ragi) 18,243 10.80%
Other Minor Millets 69,162 40.90%
Pulses 40,441 23.90%
Sugar Cane 11,971 07.10%
Mango 6,506 03.80%
Coconut 7,037 04.20%
Tamarind 1,197 00.70%
Other Crops 5,067 03.00%
Total 1,69,089 km

Education

Dharmapuri district shows increasingly improved performances in literacy and education. In the year 2011 it was in last position in Tamil Nadu with a score of 62%, whereas by the year 2016 it showed a 92% literacy rate and ranked 12th in Tamil Nadu out of 32. It also showed an increase in educational hubs by having colleges and school in various fields of education. Some of the major educational institutes are given below.

Medical Fields

  • Government Dharmapuri Medical College (GDMC)
  • DNV College of Nursing
  • Sri Vijay Vidyalaya College of Nursing.
  • Swami Vivekananda College of Nursing.

Engineering Fields

  • Government College of Engineering, Dharmapuri
  • Jayam College of Engineering
  • Jayalakshmi Institute of Technology
  • Sapthagiri College of Engineering
  • Shreenivasa College of Engineering
  • Varuvan Vadivelan Institute of technology.

Law College

There ia a Well disciplined and high academic level college

Arts & Science colleges

Dharmapuri district has around 30 arts and science colleges, including women's colleges.(PMP ARTS & SCIENCE COLLEGE) 1 Vijay VIdhyalaiya College of Arts & Science (Womens) 2 Laksmi narayana College of Arts & Science (Womens) 3.Pachamuthu College of Arts & Science (Womens) 4.Jai shree venkatesha College of Arts & Science 5.P.s.a College of Arts & Science 6. venkateswara College of Arts & Science 7. Don Bosco College of Arts and Science

Periyar University

Periyar University College of Arts and Science, in Pappireddipatti

CBSE & ICSE schools

Dharmapuri district has around 12 schools including Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE).

TN Board schools

Dharmapuri district has more than 500 Tamil Nadu Board-based schools, including both government and private schools.

Tourism

Hogenakkal Falls is located in the Dharmapuri district. Medicinal baths, boat rides, oil massage, fish fiesy and water falls in the hills make it a tourist attraction. Sometimes referred to as the "Niagara Falls of India," Carbonatite rocks in this site are considered to be the oldest of their kind in South Asia and some of the oldest in the world.[8] The Government of Tamil Nadu proposed converting the falls to providing drinking water for the state. The Kaveri river flows into the state through the district, and Hogenakkal, a town situated 46 km (29 mi) from Dharmapuri is the site where the river drops as a scenic waterfall.

Vathalmalai or Vytla Hills (Tamil: வத்தல்மலை) is a hill station in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu. It is situated at an altitude of 1,418 m (4,652 ft) height above sea level. It is located 25 km (16 mi) from Dharmapuri city and the road has 26 hairpin bends to reach hill top. It covers an area measuring nearly 225 km2 (87 sq mi). The climate of the Vytla Hills has a moderate humid subtropical climate (Köppen:Cwa). Winters are fairly mild, beginning in December and ending in February. During winter, the hills are covered in mist. Winters range from 7–18 °C (45–64 °F), and summers from 15–28 °C (59–82 °F). Rainfall is 1,500–2,000 mm (59–79 in). Coffee bushes blossom in April. The climate is also particularly pleasant. Most of the native flora and fauna of Vytla have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resulting from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, include the Sheverayan Hills (Yercaud). These protected areas are known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri tahr (Ibex), the Grizzled Giant Squirrel, the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, the Gaur, wild pig, the Nilgiri langur, the Sambar deer and the Neelakurinji (that blossoms only once every seven years).[9]

Hill-temple at Theerthamalai in Harur taluk is a sacred religious site for Hindus, and has been in existence from the times of the Chola and the Vijayanagara empires.[10]

Adhiyamankottai: Tourists visiting the site can see ruins of the roughly oval-shaped fort. Also close to this site is the Chenraya Perumal Temple, which is believed to have been constructed by King Krishnadevaraya as well as the Hoysala kings. The Mandapam within the temple leads to the sanctum sanctorum, where there are paintings depicting the scenes from the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Kalabairavar Temple is also located here.

Kottai Kovil located on the northern side of Dharmapuri, is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple is known for its rare sculptures and paintings. One of the main features of this temple is the "hanging pillar". The locals believe that a secret passage in this temple connects it to Adhiyamankottai.

Dharmapuri Archaeological Museum contains many historical objects.

Sri Hanuman (Anjaneya) Temple at Muthampatti is located 14 km (8.7 mi) from Dharmapuri City in a forest near Muthampatti Railway Station (2 km (1.2 mi)).

Also the Nagavadhi Dam and the Thoppayaru Dam (located nearby Thoppur, Dharmapuri) and more dams can be visited by tourists.

B. Agraharam Muniyappan Temple festival is celebrated every year in the Tamil month Margali middle week Tuesday.

References

  1. ^ www.tn.gov.in
  2. ^ a b "History of Dharmapuri District". Dharmapuri District Official TN Website. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Dharmapuri district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon 1,576,665
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  7. ^ "Mango cultivation in TamilNadu(Dharmapuri & Krishnagiri Districts)". National Horticulture Board, Government Of INDIA.
  8. ^ Natarajana, M; Bhaskar Rao, B; Parthasarathy, R; Kumar, Anil; Gopalan, K (1994). "2.0 Ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakkal, Tamil Nadu, South India". Precambrian Research. 65 (1–4): 167–81. doi:10.1016/0301-9268(94)90104-X. INIST:3910799.
  9. ^ "Wonder flower in bloom again". thehindu.com. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Dharmapuri". tamilnadutourism.org. Retrieved 1 March 2014.

Dharmapuri- Idhu Namba Ooru Machi

External links

Bandahalli

Bandahalli is a village in Nallampalli Taluk, Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, India. Bandahalli is 18.5 km from the Taluk's main town, Nallampalli, 23.2 km from the district's administrative headquarters, Dharmapuri, and 272 km (169 mi) from the state capital, Chennai.

Dharmapuri

Dharmapuri is a city in Kongu Nadu region in the western part of Tamil Nadu in South India. The city is located at 126 km from Bangalore, 200 km from Coimbatore, 260 km from Mysore, and 300 km from Chennai. It is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. The total geographical area of Dharmapuri District is 4497.77 km2, that is, 3.46% of Tamil Nadu. And it is one of top leading Mango cultivator and producer of state.

Dharmapuri (Lok Sabha constituency)

Dharmapuri is a Lok Sabha constituency in Tamil Nadu.

Dharmapuri (state assembly constituency)

Dharmapuri is a state assembly constituency in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu, India. It comprises a portion of Dharmapuri taluk and is a part of the similarly-named constituency which is used for national elections to the Parliament of India.

Dharmapuri railway station

Dharmapuri junction is a railway station situated in the central part of the Dharmapuri city, which is the headquarters of the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu. It has been administered by the South Western Railway Zone, included in the Bangalore railway division that was transferred over from the Southern Railway Zone.

Harur

Harur is a Town Panchayat in the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of two revenue blocks in the district.

Harur (state assembly constituency)

Harur is the state legislative assembly constituency in Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, India, which includes the city of Harur. The seat is reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Castes. It is part of the Dharmapuri constituency for national elections to the Parliament of India.

Hogenakkal Falls

Hogenakkal is a waterfall in South India on the Kaveri river in the Dharmapuri district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located 180 km (110 mi) from Bangalore and 46 km (29 mi) from Dharmapuri. Sometimes referred to as the "Niagara Falls of India," it is known for bathing areas and hide boat rides, projecting itself as a major tourist attraction. Carbonatite rocks in this site are considered to be the oldest of its kind in South Asia and one of the oldest in the world. The Government of Tamil Nadu made a proposal to convert the falls into providing drinking water for the state.

K. P. Anbalagan

K. P. Anbalagan (born 30 April 1958) is a Tamil Nadu politician from the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from Palacode constituency in 2011 and 2016.He is currently the Minister for Higher Education in the Government of Tamil Nadu. He was previously the Information Minister.

KP Anbalagan was born on 30 April 1958 in Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu, India.

List of educational institutions in Dharmapuri district

This is a list of the schools and colleges in Dharmapuri district, India.

Marandahalli

Marandahalli is a panchayat town in Dharmapuri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Morappur block

Morappur block is a revenue block in the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu, India. It has a total of 43 panchayat villages. It includes the railway station which is an important link between the east of Chennai and west of Salem and Coimbatore, and in Dharmapuri district. Morappur is also famous for the Singara Velan temple. Morappur has a government hospital and good agricultural development.

Nallampalli block

Nallampalli block is a revenue block in the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu, India. It has a total of 32 panchayat villages. The Powergrid corporation in Dharmapuri district is situated in this block area along Hogenakkal-Dharmapuri State Highway

Palacode (state assembly constituency)

Palacode is a state assembly constituency in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu, India. It coomprises a portion of Palacode taluk and is a part of the Dharmapuri constituency for national elections to the Parliament of India. Elections and winners in the constituency are listed below.

Palacode taluk

Palacode taluk is a taluk in the Dharmapuri district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The headquarters of the taluk is the town of Palacode.

Palakkodu

Palakkodu (also known as Palakod or Palacode) is a panchayat town in Dharmapuri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Palakkodu railway station

Palakkodu railway station is a railway station situated in Palakkodu, a panchayat town and taluk headquarters located in the Dharmapuri district of Tamil Nadu.

Pappireddipatti (state assembly constituency)

Pappireddippatti is a state assembly constituency in Tamil Nadu, India, that was formed after constituency delimitation in 2007. Located in Dharmapuri district, it comprises portions of the Dharmapuri and Pappireddipatti taluks. It is included in the Dharmapuri parliamentary constituency for elections to the Parliament of India.

Pennagaram (state assembly constituency)

Pennagaram is a state assembly constituency in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu, India. It comprises Pennagaram taluk and a portion of Palacode taluk. It is a part of Dharmapuri constituency for national elections to the Parliament of India.

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