Dharangaon

Dharangaon is a city and a municipal council in the Jalgaon district in the Indian state. Dharangaon is also the tehsil headquarters in Jalgaon district. The majority of the population is from the Marathas (Patil), Mali (Phul), Rajput (Purbhe), Dhangar, Badgujar and Teli communities. Dharangaon is the birthplace of the Marathi poet Balkavi .

Dharangaon

धरणगाव
City
Dharangaon is located in Maharashtra
Dharangaon
Dharangaon
Location in Maharashtra, India
Dharangaon is located in India
Dharangaon
Dharangaon
Dharangaon (India)
Coordinates: 21°01′N 75°16′E / 21.02°N 75.27°ECoordinates: 21°01′N 75°16′E / 21.02°N 75.27°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictJalgaon
Elevation
213 m (699 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total33,618
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

History

Dharangaon was formerly known as Mina Nagar.citation needed At the time of the Moghal conquest in the 10th century, Dharangaon was famous for its jirifaf and bhiran clothing.[1] During the seventeenth century, under the reign of Dongong, Dorongon, and Drongom, it was mentioned by multiple sources as a trade center of considerable importance. In 1674, English settlers established a factory in the town. The following March, the town was plundered by King Chatrapati Shivaji.[2] Four years later in 1679, King Shivaji joined forces with the Raja of Berar and again plundered Dharangaon, which at that time was one of the most flourishing places in the country.[3] In 1683 the Drongom investment was 10,000 pieces broad bastas, 10,000 pieces sevgazis, and 100,000 lbs. (2500 mans) of turmeric. In 1685 King Sambhaji plundered the town, burning or pillaging every house.[4] The factors at Dharangaon had but two hours to escape. Under the Marathas, Dharangaon suffered much from Bhil raids and was the scene of one of the Bhil massacres by which the Marathas vainly attempted to keep order.

It came into British possession in 1800, and from 1825 to 1830, Lieutenant, afterward Sir James, Outram busied himself in raising the Bhil Corps.[5] In 1844 two American planters, Mr. Blount of Gorakhpur and Mr. Simpson of Madras, who had been appointed superintendents of cotton experiments, set up saw-gins. In 1845 a screw press was built, but because of its costliness proved to be a failure.

In 1850 gins, nineteen in number, were hired to Ritchie Stewart Add and Co. of Bombay, who had established an agency, and a further supply of twenty-one was made for them. In 1854 the office of superintendent was abolished, and only a small establishment was kept to take charge of the gins. Out of these nineteen had been sold, a few hired out, and fifty-nine remained ready for 'disposal without any applicants. In 1855 Government established a factory with ninety-three saw gins under the management of a European overseer; merchants and cultivators were charged £1 (Rs. 10) a month for the hire of a gin. But the experim ent proved costly, and after a time was given up. In 1865 120 gins were available, and an establishment kept at a yearly cost of £144 (Rs. 1440), an outlay not nearly covered by the income realized from the gins.[6] Dharangaon, a municipal town in Jalgaon District, 57KM North-east of Dhulia, contained, in 1872, 11,807 inhabitants, and in 1879 had a municipal income of £438 (Rs. 4380). In the 18th century, various Rajput communities came to Dharangaon, primarily from Bayas and Chauhan. Dynasty also referred as "Purbhe"(initially "Purve" referring to the direction "East" In Marathi - "Purva"). These communities came from "Chandavad Fort" as they were in service of that fort.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[7] Dharangaon had a population of more than 60,000. Males constituted 51% and females 49%. Dharangaon has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74% and, female literacy is 57%. In Dharangaon, 13% of the population is under 6.

Most of the people communicate in Ahirani, a dialect of Marathi.

Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation. Major crops include cotton, corn, wheat, jawar, banana and sugarcane.

Trade in cotton and oilseed is conducted with Jalgaon, a railway station about twenty miles to the east. Many Dharangaon merchants have agents in Jalgaon. In the past Dharangaon paper and cloth were in high demand, and while the weaving of coarse cloth still gives employment to more than 100 looms, paper manufacture has since ceased.[8]

Masala is one of the major products. Zope Bandhu masala is one of the leading masala factories, which provides masalas such as chicken masala, mutton masala, Shev Bhaji masala, Lahsun chutney and Panipuri masala.

Geography

Many of the houses in Dharangaon are built of stone and mortar. The streets are narrow and irregular and the lanes are dirty and crooked. One large pond is north of the town and another is to the west near Outram's bungalow. These are used only for cattle and for washing clothes. The town lacks drinking water. In the bed of the stream which flows through the town are the remains of old dams.

Transport

Dharangaon railway station provides rail connectivity. Dharangaon is served by Western Railway between Surat and Bhusawal.

Dharangaon is located on State Highway No-6.

Education

  • Dharangaon College of Arts, Commerce, and Science
  • Indira Gandhi College of Arts and Science
  • Anglo Urdu Junior College
  • Good Shepherd Academy primary school
  • Parshuram Raychand High school
  • Balkavi Thombare Primary School
  • Sarajai Damodar Kude High school
  • Mahatma fule highschool

References

  1. ^ Gladwin's Ain-i-Akbari, II. 52
  2. ^ Bruce's Annals, IL 36,37
  3. ^ Orme's Historical Fragments, 84
  4. ^ Orme's Historical Fragments, 143
  5. ^ J. Pollen, C.S.
  6. ^ Bom. Gov. Set., New Series, XCIII. 309
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  8. ^ "maharashtra". Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Baghban

The Bagban are a Muslim community found in North India and in Pakistan. In the Deccan region they are known as Bagwan.

Bhusawal

Bhusawal is a city as well as a municipal council (established in 1882) in the Jalgaon district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Bhusawal is the second biggest town in the district. Situated on river tapi and National Highway 6 (old numbering) passes through it. The Ajanta Caves are about 63 km (via Jamner) from Bhusawal. It was ranked 69th in cleanest cities of India.

Chopda

Chopda is a city and municipal council in the Jalgaon district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Dharangaon railway station

Dharangaon Railway Station serves Dharangaon in Jalgaon district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Erandol

Erandol is a town and municipal council (taluka) in Jalgaon district in Maharashtra state, India. It is situated on the banks of the Anjani River.

Gandhali

Gadhali is a village in Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, India. It is located in the Amalner taluka, 9 km north-east of the Amalner town. It is the first place in Khandesh at which Gujarat Shravak Vanis settled. In 1804 it was plundered and its people scattered by a Pindari leader named Ghodji Bhonsle.

Jalgaon Rural (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Jalgaon Rural (Assembly constituency) is one of the eleven constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha located in the Jalgaon district.

It is a part of the Jalgaon (Lok Sabha constituency) along with five other assembly constituencies, viz Jalgaon City, Erandol (Assembly constituency), Amalner (Assembly constituency), Chalisgaon and Pachora.

As per orders of Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies Order, 2008, No. 14 Jalgaon Rural (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is composed of the following:

1. Jalgaon Tehsil (Part) Revenue Circle Kanalde, Asoda, Jalgaon, Nashirabad and Mhasawad 2. Dharangaon Tehsil of Jalgaon district.

Majri Junction railway station

Majri Junction railway station serves Majri in Chandrapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a junction station on the New Delhi - Chennai line and Majri Junction - Mudkhed Junction line.

Malavli railway station

Malavli Station is a railway station of Pune Suburban Railway on Mumbai - Chennai line.

The station has two platforms and a foot over bridge. Nearby attractions are two famous hilly forts: Lohagad Fort and Visapur Fort. Also nearby are the very famous Ekvira Devi Mandir, Karla Caves and Bhaja Caves.

Vedanta academy of Swami Parthasarathy is about 200meters north of the station.

Local trains between Pune Junction - Lonavla, Shivajinagar - Lonavla stop here. The only passenger train having a stop at this station is the Pune - Karjat Passenger.

Malkhed railway station

Malkhed railway station is a small railway station located in Amravati District of Maharashtra state in Western India.

Its Indian Railways station code is MLR. It serves Malkhed town in Amravati district and its nearby areas. Currently 6 trains stop at Malkhed railway station

Nagaon Budruk

Nagaon BK is a small but prosperous village in Amalner Taluka, Jalgaon District, Maharashtra, India.

It is located on the bank of the river Chikhali, accommodating over 7,000 residents. It is surrounded by four small villages: Gadkhamb, Kachare, Dhupi and Manjardi. Nagaon BK has a community of diverse people, including Jadhavs,Bodhare,Borse, Bavas, etc. There are several locations near village which depict historical significance of the community.

Nagardeole Budruk

Nagardeole Budruk is a village in Pachora tehsil of Jalgaon district in the Maharashtra state, India.

Nashik division

Nashik division is one of the six divisions of India's Maharashtra state and is also known as North Maharashtra. The historic Khandesh region covers the northern part of the division, in the valley of the Tapti River. Nashik Division is bound by Konkan Division and the state of Gujarat to the west, Madhya Pradesh state to the north, Amravati Division and Marathwada (Aurangabad Division) to the east, and Pune Division to the south. The city of Nashik is the largest city of this division.

Pashtane

Pashtane is a well-known village in Jalgaon District, India, situated nearly 30 km from Jalgaon and 7 km from Dharangaon a nearest Railway station.

Pimpale Sim

Pimpale Sim is a village in Jalgaon district, Maharashtra, India.Pimplesim sirpanch Shri.Vitthal.D.Pawar. youngest leader of the village.

Pimplesim is to be the farming is to be the middle part off the economic status.It will zilha parishad school into classes of 1st to 4th standard.

Pimpalgaon Bk.

Pimpalgaon. is a village in Pachora tehsil of Jalgaon district in Maharashtra state, India.

Sonvad

Sonwad is a village of Panchayat system in Dharangaon tehsil Jalgaon district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Tongaon

Tongaon is a village in Bhadgaon tehsil of Jalgaon district in the Maharashtra state, India.

Udhna–Jalgaon line

The Udhna–Jalgaon line is part of the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. It connects Surat and Jalgaon in the Indian states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Vyara (VYA) is the nearest railway station to Kakrapar Atomic Power Station and Ukai Dam and Ukai Thermal Power Station. This line is one of the branch lines of Bhusawal–Kalyan section.

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