Dhandhuka

Dhandhuka is a city and a municipality in the Ahmedabad district in the state of Gujarat,India. Moreover, it is a part of the Bhal region.

Dhandhuka Bhal
city
Dhandhuka Bhal is located in Gujarat
Dhandhuka Bhal
Dhandhuka Bhal
Location in Gujarat, India
Dhandhuka Bhal is located in India
Dhandhuka Bhal
Dhandhuka Bhal
Dhandhuka Bhal (India)
Coordinates: 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°ECoordinates: 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictAhmedabad
Founded byThakor Dhan Mer
Named forThakor Dhan Mer
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total30,000
Demonym(s)Kolis
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ
Websitegujaratindia.com

History

Ahmedabad District Map 1877
Dhandhuka in the map of Ahmedabad district under Bombay Presidency, British India 1877

Dhandhuka is said to have been founded by, and to take its name from, Thakor Dhan Mer (Koli King)[1], or rather Mehd, the second of the thirteen sons of the Sonang Mehd[2] who in early times came into Gujarat from Sind. No specific year is mentioned in Rasmala by Alexander Kinloch Forbes. Having no son, Dhan Mehd is said to have given the town as a lasting gift to a party of 400 Brahman refugees from the wrath of Ebhal Walo. The villages of erstwhile Chamunda rulers is also located here.

According to another account, the town is said to be called after Shri Dhandhiu of the Chaulukya dynasty who married the daughter of Mularaja Chaulukya's predecessor. In the twelfth century, Dhandhuka became famous as the birthplace of the great Jain teacher Hemchandra and in his honor, Chaulukya king Kumarapala (1143-1174) raised a temple over his birthplace. Under the Muslims and Marathas, Dhandhuka kept its position as a country town, its fortune being almost always linked with the fortune of Dholka. Along with Dholka, it was ceded to the British in 1802.[3]

Thakor Dhan Mer Of Dhandhuka

Thakor Dhan Mer was second son of koli chief Sonang Mer. He founded the Dhandhuka and Dhandalpur. He Also known as Dhand Khant, Dhandhal Khant and Dhanji Mer. He killed the Rajput king Ebhal Walo of Vala with his army of 500 soldiers. Because Ebhal Walo was ravaging the Brahmins in his territory. After that Thakor Dhan Mer established the four hundred Brahmin refugees in dhandhuka.[4][5][6][7][8]

Geography

Dhandhuka is located at 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E.[9] It has an average elevation of 24 metres (78 feet). The city is 105 km from District center Ahmedabad, on state highway to Bhavnagar.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[10] Dhandhuka had a population of 29,555. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhandhuka has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75% and, female literacy is 57%. In Dhandhuka, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The great Jain saint Acharya Shri Hemchandracharya (famous as Kalikal Sarvagya) born in 1088 A.D. into the Modha Vanik (merchant) caste, in the town of Dhandhuka. The Chamunda Rajput ( Raa' Dynasty ) rulers of Junagadh ruled this place. Pujya Shree Punit Maharaj (19 May 1908 – 27 July 1962) is also from Dhandhuka. The city has a population of more than 50,000 and a literacy rate of 66% (compared to the Indian national average of 59.5%). The town has an Arts and Commerce College and Three High Schools. The popular professions in the city include working for the automobile dealership, telecommunication dealership, insurance companies and agriculture. RMS Hospital, one of Gujarat's biggest hospitals, opened in 2007, receiving its funding in large part from some local donors and NRIs (Non-resident Indian). Common plants grown include cotton and wheat. There is a small industrial estate in the city known as G.I.D.C. (Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation), few entrepreneurs have established their small scale industries here.

See also

References

  1. ^ Behera, Deepak Kumar; Pfeffer, Georg (2002). The concept of tribal society. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170229834.
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Káthiáwar. Government Central Press. 1884.
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 334–335.
  4. ^ Pfeffer, Georg; Behera, Deepak Kumar (1997). Contemporary Society: Concept of tribal society. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170229834.
  5. ^ Burgess, James (1885). Lists of the Antiquarian Remains in the Bombay Presidency: With an Appendix of Inscriptions from Gujarat. Government Central Press.
  6. ^ Indian Antiquary: A Journal of Oriental Research in Archaeology, History, Literature, Languages, Folklore Etc. Popular Prakashan. 1874.
  7. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Printed at the Government Central Press. 1879.
  8. ^ Williams, Raymond Brady; Trivedi, Yogi (12 May 2016). Swaminarayan Hinduism: Tradition, Adaptation, and Identity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199089598.
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhandhuka
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
Ahmedabad district

Ahmedabad District comprises the city of Ahmedabad, in the central part of the state of Gujarat in western India. It is the seventh most populous district in India (out of 640).

Barwala Ghelasa

Barwala Ghelasa is an area located in Botad, India.

Bhalgamda

Bhalgamda is a village and former princely state on Saurashtra, Gujarat, India.

The village in Dhandhuka Taluka of Ahmedabad district is situated eight miles north-west of Bhoika and only two miles north of the Limbdi railway station.

Bhavnagar railway division

Bhavnagar railway division is one of the six railway divisions under Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter is located at Bhavnagar in the state of Gujarat of India.

Mumbai WR railway division, Ahmedabad railway division, Vadodara railway division, Rajkot railway division and Ratlam railway division are the other five railway divisions under WR Zone headquartered at Churchgate, Mumbai.

Dhan Mer

Thakor Dhanji Sonangji Mer or Thakor Dhansinghji Mer (also spelled as Dhandhal Khant, Dhandh Khant) was a Koli king of Dhandhuka in Gujarat. He was the second son of King Sonang Mer, who came from Sindh to Gujarat and ruled there.

Dhandhuka (Lok Sabha constituency)

Dhandhuka was a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Ahmedabad district of Gujarat, India. With the implementation of the delimitation of parliamentary constituencies in 2008, it ceased to exist.

Dhandhuka (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Dhandhuka assembly constituency (ધંધુકા વિધાનસભા બેઠક) is one of the 182 assembly constituency of Gujarat. It is located in Ahmedabad District.

Dhandhuka (tehsil)

Dhandhuka is a taluka of Ahmedabad District, India.

Dholera

Dholera is a town in Ahmedabad district, Gujarat, India. Dholera is an ancient port-city in Gulf of Khambhat, 30 km from Dhandhuka city of Ahmedabad district. One of the original six temples built by Swaminarayan is located here. Dholera shot into fame in 2009 after Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi announced Special Investment Region (SIR) for Dholera and vowed to develop a world class greenfield city in Dholera.

Dholera Airport

Dholera Airport is an approved airport in Gujarat India. The greenfield airport will be built near Navagam in the Dholera taluka of Ahmedabad district. The project site is spread over on 1,426 hectares near village Navagam in Dholera taluka (Earlier it was in Dhandhuka Taluka), about 80 kilometers from Ahmedabad and around 20 kilometres from the Dholera Special Investment Region (SIR). The state government has formed Dholera International Airport Company Ltd (DIACL) as a special purpose vehicle (SPV) for development of the airport. Work on the airport is expected to begin in the 2019, and it is expected to be operational by 2022.

The Airports Authority of India (AAI) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the State Government in January 2019 for the construction of airport.

Gaccha

Gaccha, alternatively spelled as Gachchha, is a monastic order, along with lay followers, of the image worshipping Murtipujaka Svetambara sect of Jainism. The term is also used in the Digambara sect.

Hemachandra

Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title kalikālasarvajña, "the all-knowing of the Kali Yuga".

Joravarsinh Jadav

Joravarsinh Danubhai Jadav (born 10 January 1940) is an Indian folklorist and proponent of the folk arts from Gujarat. Exposed to folk culture as a child, he studied history and culture in Ahmedabad. He has written and edited more than 90 works on folk culture, folk literature, and folk arts. He established the Gujarat Lok Kala Foundation for the promotion of folk arts. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2019.

Khant Dynasty

Khant Dynasty was a short lived dynasty of Gujarat. It was founded by a chief Thakor Sonang Mer who came from Sindh to Gujarat.

Momna

The Momin, sometimes referred to as Momna, Mumna or Momina, are a Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat in India.

Shambhuprasad Tundiya

Shambhuprasad Tundiya is member of Bharatiya Janata Party and member of Rajya Sabha from Gujarat state for the term 2014-2020., He is Very Well Known Mahant of Savgun Samadhisthan ,Zanjarka and he is also "SHEPHERD" of Dalit Community.

in September 2017 Bhartiya Janta party Gujrat Declare him a State President of Scheduled caste wing called by SC MORCHA.

During 2007-2012, he is a Member of Legislative assembly from Dasada constituency in Gujarat for its 12th legislative assembly

Sonang Mer

Thakor Sonangji Mer or Thakur Sonangji Mair was chief of Kolis. He came from Sindh to Dhandhuka.

His son Dhandhal Khant was founder of Dhandhuka. He conquered the Dhandhuka and founded Dhandhalpur.

Vala clan

The Vala are a Rajput clan found in the state of Gujarat in India. They claim to be the earliest Rajput settlers in Saurashtra, and are descendants of Shiladitya, the Valabhi ruler of Gujarat. After the overthrow of Valabhi, the Valas settled in the south western Saurashtra, which is known as Valak, after the clan. The Vala were overthrown by the Gohil Rajputs, and are now found as landholders. A few live in villages near the town of Mahuva, in a village Nanivavdi near the town Ranpur, and in Kadvasan in Kodinar area and also in a village of Khadol near the town Dhandhuka.They are also found in some villages like Chareliya, Gadhethad and most of the parts of Upleta taluka.They were one of the greatest clans in India but as India became independent they had to live normal life as Landowners.

Vanala

Vanala is a village and former Rajput princely state on Saurashtra peninsula in Gujarat state, western India.

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