Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen

Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen (English: German Newspaper in Norway) was an Oslo-based daily newspaper published in Norway during the Second World War. It was published by the subsidiary Europa-Verlag of the Nazi-controlled Franz Eher Nachfolger,[1] and had a circulation of about 40,000 copies.[2] The paper served as a model for the Amsterdam-based Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden.[3]

An appreciable difference between Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen and Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden was their divergent readership; the former was predominantly read by German soldiers in Norway,[4] whilst the latter chiefly had a civilian readership.[3] A competing newspaper in Norway was the Wacht im Norden, that was distributed free of charge to soldiers.[5] Towards the end of 1940, it was decided to establish an offshoot of the paper in Tromsø. Due to a lack of competent editors from Germany, the Tromsø paper was not established before February 1941.[6] It was withal merged with Lappland-Kurier upon Finland's truce with the Soviet Union in September 1944.[7]

According to publisher Max Amann, the editors of Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen enjoyed more editorial freedom than the editors of newspapers in Nazi Germany. Oron Hale writes, however, that on a closer examination, the dissimilarities between the Norwegian paper and the German ones were small.[8] Until June 1940, the Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen was subject of military censorship by the German propaganda department in Norway.[9] The newspaper and its offshoots were discontinued on the cease-fire in Europe on 8 May 1945.[10]

References

  1. ^ Hoser 2010; Sauer 1994, p. 199.
  2. ^ Nøkleby 1995.
  3. ^ a b Sauer 1994, p. 198.
  4. ^ Eckhardt 1975, p. 41.
  5. ^ Eckhardt 1975, p. 39.
  6. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 38, 40.
  7. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 43–45.
  8. ^ Hale 1965, p. 281.
  9. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 37–38.
  10. ^ Eckhardt 1975, pp. 5, 45.

Bibliography

  • Eckhardt, Heinz-Werner (1975). Die Frontzeitungen des deutschen Heeres 1939–1945 (in German). Wien / Stuttgart: Wilhelm Braumüller Universitäts-Verlagsbuchhandlung. ISBN 3-7003-0080-8.
  • Hale, Oron J. (1965). Presse in der Zwangsjacke 1933-45 (in German). Düsseldorf: Droste. German translation of The captive press in the Third Reich. Princeton: University Press, 1964.
  • Hoser, Paul (2010). "Franz Eher Nachf. Verlag (Zentralverlag der NSDAP)". Historisches Lexikon Bayerns (in German). Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  • Nøkleby, Berit (1995). "Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik (ed.). Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  • Sauer, Christoph (1994). "Die Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden". In Moilanen, Markku; Tiittula, Liisa (eds.). Überredung in der Presse: Texte, Strategien, Analysen (in German). Berlin: de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-014346-1.

External links

Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden

The Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden (DZN, German Newspaper in the Netherlands) was a German-language nationwide newspaper based in Amsterdam, which was published during almost the entire occupation of the Netherlands in World War II from June 5, 1940 to May 5, 1945, the day of the German capitulation in the "Fortress Holland". Its objective was to influence the public opinion in the Netherlands, especially the one of the Germans in this country (residents, staff working for the occupying power, soldiers).The DZN was part of a group of German occupation newspapers published by the Europa-Verlag. This group was established systematically during the German campaigns and later collapsed gradually due to the recaptures of the Allied Forces. At their peak, these papers exceeded a total circulation of more than a million copies.

Fritt Folk

Fritt Folk ("Free People") was a Norwegian newspaper, published in Oslo. It was the official organ of the fascist party Nasjonal Samling, and came to prominence during the Second World War.

List of defunct newspapers of Germany

This is a list of defunct newspapers of Germany.

Allgemeine Zeitung

Das Andere Deutschland

Das Reich

Das Schwarze Korps

Der Angriff

Der Morgen

Der Pionier

Der Stürmer

Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung

Deutsche Volkszeitung

Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden

Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen

Die Einigkeit

Die Rote Fahne

Die Fanfare

Financial Times Deutschland

Frankfurter Zeitung

Freie Presse (Alsace), not to be confused with today's Freie Presse (Saxony)

Iskra

Israelitisches Familienblatt

Kreuzzeitung

Münchener Beobachter

Münchener Post

Neue Montagzeitung

Neue Rheinische Zeitung

Norsk-Tysk Tidsskrift

NS Månedshefte

Panzerbär

Prizyv

Regensburger Echo

Rheinische Zeitung

Völkischer Beobachter

Vossische Zeitung

List of defunct newspapers of Norway

This is a list of defunct newspapers of Norway.

Arbeider-Avisa

Arbeideren

Bergens Adressecontoirs Efterretninger

Bergens Aftenblad

Bergens Social-Demokrat

Bergens Stiftstidende

Bergensposten

Buskerud Blad

Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen

Egersundsposten

Flekkefjords Budstikke

Folketanken

Folketidende

Folkets Framtid

Follo

Fronten

Grømstad-Posten

Hardanger Arbeiderblad

Haugaland Arbeiderblad

Haugesunds Social-Demokrat

Impressionisten

Karmøens Tidende

Karmøy-Posten

Karmsundsposten

Klassekampen

Kopervik Tidende

Kringsjaa

Kristiansands Stiftsavis og Adressekontors-Efterretninger

Lillesands Tidende

Lister

Lister og Mandals Amtstidende

Lokalposten

Magazinet

Moss Arbeiderblad

Muitalægje

Nedenes Amts Landbotidende

Norges Kommunistblad

Norsk Landboeblad

Norsk-Tysk Tidsskrift

NS Månedshefte

Ny Tid (Oslo)

Ny Tid (Trondheim)

Odda Nyhetsblad

Orientering

Østfold-Posten

Øvre Smaalenene

Rogaland

Saǥai Muittalægje

Samleren

Sarpen

Skiens Ugeblad

Skiensposten

Solungen

Søndenfjeldske Avis

Sportsmanden

Stavanger Avis

Stavanger Socialdemokrat

Trondheims-Pressen

Tvedestrand og Omegns Avis

Verdens Gang (1868–1923)

Vestkysten

Vestlands-Posten

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