Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929

The Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929, abbreviated dj.1.11, was a youth group within the German Youth Movement.

Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929
Pfadfinderstamm Ägypten, Internationales Sommerlager (AGESCI – KPE – MCsSz) bei Arlia nahe Fivizzano, Toskana, Italien, 1993 - Blick über den Lagerplatz
The Kohte, the typical black tent of German Scouting
Founded1 November 1929
FounderEberhard Köbel
AffiliationGerman Youth Movement


The group was founded within the Scouting movement by Eberhard Köbel on 1 November 1929. It demerged from the Deutsche Freischar after disagreements of the organisation's course.


The dj.1.11 group had significant impact on the German youth movement and on German Scouting.

Deutsche Jungenschaft influenced members of the resistance group, The White Rose in Nazi Germany, which called for active opposition to German dictator Adolf Hitler's regime.[1]

The archetypical tent of German Scouting, the Kohte, was developed within the dj.1.11.


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Deutsche Freischar

The Deutsche Freischar – Bund der Wandervögel und Pfadfinder (DF) is a German youth organization. Originating from the merger of several small Wandervogel and Scouting groups, it was one of the largest and most important associations of the Bündische Jugend of the Weimar Republic besides the Deutscher Pfadfinderbund and Reichsschaft Deutscher Pfadfinder.

Ludwigstein Castle

Ludwigstein Castle (German: Burg Ludwigstein) is a 15th-century castle overlooking the river Werra and surrounded by beautiful woodland. It stands southwest of the town of Witzenhausen in North Hesse and can easily be reached by car or train and bus. Founded in 1415 the castle's buildings today were built in the 16th and 20th centuries.

The Wandervogel and German Youth Movement joined its history when they joined together to save the castle. They bought the castle, renovated it, and founded a memorial for the Wandervogel that were killed in the First World War. The group that was founded in 1945 still takes an active part in the history of the castle and in its support.

The castle's youth education centre (Jugendbildungsstätte) offers both daily programs and weekend seminars, ranging from ecological topics to music and political education. Also on site is the Archive of the German Youth Movement with its own library and special collection to be studied.

The castle is today the main centre of the Bündische Jugend and many German Scouting associations. The Archive of the German Youth Movement shelters estates of important persons.

Since a longer time it is an hostel in a beautiful and real ancient ambiance with up to 180 beds and different meetingrooms.

At the official homepage you can find additional informations - in German language only.

Please use the external link "Foundation Jugendburg Ludwigstein".

Knud Ahlborn (1888–1977)

Ellen Gregori (1897–1981)

Eberhard Koebel (1907–1955) founder of 'Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929'

Alexander Lion (1870–1962) founder of first German Scout Organization 'Deutscher Pfadfinderbund'

Karl Otto Paetel (1906–1975)

Gertrud Prellwitz (1869–1942)

Gustav Wyneken (1875–1964)

Scouting and Guiding in Germany

The Scout movement in Germany consists of about 150 different associations and federations with about 260,000 Scouts and Guides.

White Rose

The White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students and a professor at the University of Munich. The group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign that called for active opposition to the Nazi party regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, and ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court (Volksgerichtshof), and many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment.

The group wrote, printed and initially distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. Later on, secret carriers brought copies to other cities, mostly in the southern parts of Germany. In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, and called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they openly denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well-known both within Germany and worldwide.

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