Derung people

The Derung (also spelt Drung or Dulong) people (simplified Chinese: 独龙族; traditional Chinese: 獨龍族; pinyin: Dúlóngzú; endonym: Bodish pronunciation: [tə˧˩ɻuŋ˥˧ ə˧˩tsəŋ˥˧]) are an ethnic group. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by China. Their population of 6,000 is found in the Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan in the Derung Valley of Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County. Another 600 can be found east of the Dulong valley, living in the mountains above the Nu River (Salween River) near the village of Binzhongluo in northern Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County.

Drung Alternative names:
Trung, Dulong, Derung
H.the Mangluo dance
A traditional Derung dance
Total population
7,000 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
China: Yunnan
Languages
Derung
Religion
Animism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Nu, Nung Rawang

Language

The Derung speak the Derung language, one of the Sino-Tibetan languages. Their language is unwritten; in the past the Derung have transmitted messages and have made records by making notches on wooden logs.

History

There are few documents about the origins of the Derung. It is known, nevertheless, that during the period of the Tang dynasty, the Derung were under the jurisdiction of Nanzhao and the Dali Kingdom. From the Yuan dynasty to the Qing dynasty, the Derung were governed by the local heads of the Nakhi people. In 1913, the Derung helped to repel a British attack in the area. Until 1949 there were several names used for this ethnic group; they received names as Qiao during the Yuan and Qiu and Qu during the Qing.

Culture

Prior to the formation of the People's Republic, Derung society was based on a system of clans. A total of 15 clans existed, called nile; each one of them was formed by diverse familiar communities. Each clan divided itself into ke'eng, towns in which the Derung lived in common houses. Marriages between clans were prohibited.

The typical dress of the women consists of a dress made of fabric lined with colors black and white. Formerly, the women used to tattoo their faces when they reached the age of twelve or thirteen. The tattoos of some women resembled masculine mustaches.

Houses are usually constructed out of wood. They are two stories in height; the second floor is designed as the living quarters for the family whereas the first level serves as a barn and stable. When a male member of the family is married, a new section is added to the family's house where he and his new wife will live in.

Religion

Although some Derung have converted to Christianity, the vast majority continue to believe in their animist native religion. There is a belief that all creatures have their own souls. Usually diverse sacrifices are made in order to calm down the malignant spirits. The role of the shaman is of great importance since they are the ones in charge of the rituals. During the celebrations of the Derung New Year, which is celebrated in the month of December of the lunar calendar, diverse animal sacrifices are celebrated to make an offering to the sky.

Gallery

J.share the meat equally

The meat is equally shared amongst the people

Manuscripts in the Yunnan Nationalities Museum - DSC04050

Derung message system on exhibit in the Yunnan Nationalities Museum

See also

References

External links

Derung language

Dulong (simplified Chinese: 独龙语; traditional Chinese: 獨龍語; pinyin: Dúlóng) or Drung, Derung, Rawang, or Trung, is a Tibeto-Burman language in China. Dulong is closely related to the Rawang language of Myanmar (Burma). Although almost all ethnic Derung people speak the language to some degree, most are multilingual, also speaking Burmese, Lisu, and Mandarin Chinese except for a few very elderly peopleDulong is also called: Taron, Kiu, Qui, Kiutze, Qiuzi, Kiupa, Kiao, Metu, Melam, Tamalu, Tukiumu, Qiu, Nung, Nu-tzŭ.

Drung

Drung may refer to:

Derung people, an ethnic group of China

Derung language, spoken by the Derung people of China

Drung parish, a civil parish of Ireland

Dulong

Dulong may refer to:

Dulong people or Derung people

Dulong language

Dulong, Queensland a locality in Australia

Dulong River in the Southeast of Tibet

Gaoligong Mountains

The Gaoligong Mountains, (Chinese: 高黎贡山; pinyin: Gāolígòng Shān), are a mountainous sub-range of the southern Hengduan Mountain Range, located in the western Yunnan highlands and straddling the border of southwestern China and northern Myanmar (Burma).

Jingpho language

Jingpho (Jinghpaw, Chingp'o) or Kachin (Burmese: ကချင်ဘာသာ [kətɕɪ̀ɴ bàðà]) is a Tibeto-Burman language of the Sal branch mainly spoken in Kachin State, Burma and Yunnan, China. There are a lot of meanings for Jinghpo. In the Jinghpo language, Jinghpo means people. The term "Kachin language" can refer either to the Jingpho language or to a group of languages spoken by various ethnic groups in the same region as Jingpo: Lisu, Lashi, Rawang, Zaiwa, Lhao Vo, Achang and Jingpho. These languages are from distinct branches of the highest level of the Tibeto-Burman family. The Jingpho alphabet is based on the Latin script. Now, the Jinghpo language is also widely written in Burmese script.

The ethnic Jingpho (or Kachin) are the primary speakers of Jingpho language, numbering approximately 900,000 speakers. The Turung of Assam in India speak a Jingpho dialect with many Assamese loanwords, called Singpho.

Jingpho syllable finals can consist of vowels, nasals, or oral stops.

Pygmy peoples

In anthropology, pygmy peoples are ethnic groups whose average height is unusually short. The term pygmyism is used to describe the phenotype of endemic short stature (as opposed to disproportionate dwarfism occurring in isolated cases in a population) for populations in which adult men are on average less than 150 cm (4 ft 11 in) tall.The term is primarily associated with the African Pygmies, the hunter-gatherers of the Congo basin (comprising the Bambenga, Bambuti and Batwa). The term "pygmoid" is a traditional morphological racial category for the Central African Pygmies, considered a subgroup of the Negroid category. The term "Asiatic Pygmies" has been used of the Negrito populations of Maritime Southeast Asia and other Australoid peoples of short stature.The Taron people of Myanmar are an exceptional case of a "pygmy" population of East Asian phenotype.

Taron people

The Taron or Trone (တရုမ်း [ta.rumː]) are a small ethnic group in the Himalayan foothills of northern Kachin, Myanmar, whose population is declining to the point where they are in danger of disappearing entirely. They have been referred to as the "Asian pygmies". They are allegedly descended from an ethnic group concentrated in China known as Derung who migrated to Burma from Tibet in the 1880s.Like the Pygmies of Central Africa and the Negritos of Southeast Asia, the Tarons are very small, averaging less than 129.5 cm (4 feet and 3 inches).

Trung

Trung may refer to:

Derung people, also known as Trung people, an ethnic minority in southwest China

Derung language, also known as Trung language, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by Derung people

Trưng Sisters (fl. 12–43), Vietnamese leaders who rebelled against the Chinese Han dynasty

T'rưng, a bamboo xylophone used by the Jarai people and Bahnar people in Vietnam's Central Highlands

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