Der Angriff

Der Angriff (in English "The Attack") is a discontinued German language newspaper founded in 1927 by the Berlin Gau of the Nazi Party. The last edition was published on 24 April 1945.

Der Angriff head
Masthead of Der Angriff from 30 January 1933 (Machtergreifung of Adolf Hitler)

History

The newspaper was set up by Joseph Goebbels, who in 1926 had become the Nazi Party leader (Gauleiter) in Berlin, and the party provided most of the money needed to ensure publication. The paper was first founded to rally NSDAP members during the nearly two-year ban on the party in Berlin. Der Angriff was conceived as a mass circulation paper that fought the hated "System" with rude and aggressive language. Antiparliamentarism and antisemitism were its self-defining themes. The most regular contributors were party functionaries; lead articles were usually written by the publisher, Goebbels, until 1933, and signed "Dr. G." Willi Krause, using the pen name Peter Hagen, was its first editor-in-chief. He was succeeded first by Julius Lippert, then in 1933 by Karoly Kampmann, and from 1935, by Goebbels's trusted friend Hans Schwarz van Berk. A further attraction of the paper were the political caricatures by Hans Schweitzer.

Der Angriff was first published on 4 July 1927 by the Angriff Press. Its motto was "For the oppressed against the exploiters". At first appearing once a week, then starting 1 October 1929 twice a week, Der Angriff became a daily newspaper with the subtitle "The German Evening Paper in Berlin" after 1 November 1930. After 1 October 1932 it published twice daily as "The Attack at Noon" and "Night Attack". After 1 February 1933, it appeared as the "Daily Newspaper of the German Labor Front" from the Eher Press, with Goebbels remaining as the publisher. It contained principally party propaganda, agitation against the Weimar Republic, and antisemitism; among many others it regularly attacked Bernhard Weiss, the deputy head of the Berlin police, who was Jewish.[1] For this it was temporarily banned on 4 November 1931 by Albert Grzesinski, Berlin's chief of police.

In 1927 the circulation was around 2,000. This number rose to 146,694 in 1939 and 306,000 by 1944. However, after the Nazis gained political power in Germany on 30 January 1933, the importance of the newspaper slowly decreased. When the Allies started the bombing campaign against Berlin, the circulation was increased to keep up the morale of Berliners. After 19 February 1945 Der Angriff was merged with the Berliner Illustrierte Nachtausgabe (Berlin Illustrated Night Edition). The last edition was published on 24 April 1945.

Related works

Nacht-Angriff was a daily paper also published by Goebbels. Issues in 1932 are described as "6. Jahrgang" (Year 6).[2]

Der Gegen-Angriff: antifaschistische Wochenschrift (The Counterattack: anti-fascist weekly newspaper) was an anti-fascist weekly published in Prague between 1933 and 1936 (139 weekly issues); and there were also Parisian and Swiss editions.[3]

In the movie Casablanca, a Nazi civilian whom Rick bars from his casino angrily says that he will report the snub to Der Angriff.

In the 1968 Hogan's Heroes episode War Takes a Holiday, the title characters use a false copy of Der Angriff to perpetrate an armistice hoax.

Notes

  1. ^ Joseph Goebbels. "Isidor". Der Angriff. Example: a 1927 essay attacking Weiss.
  2. ^ Some issues can be found in the Bodleian Library at Oxford.
  3. ^ Some issues can be found in the British Library, the National Library of Scotland and Warwick University Library.

References

  • Russel Lemmons: Goebbels and Der Angriff, 1994, ISBN 978-0-8131-1848-2 (Google Books preview).
  • Peter Stein: "Die NS-Gaupresse 1925-1933 Forschungsbericht - Quellenkritik - neue Bestandsaufnahme", 1987, ISBN 978-3-598-21299-4
  • Joseph Goebbels: "Der Angriff. Aufsätze aus der Kampfzeit" (Der Angriff - Essays from the Time of Struggle), Munich, 1935. Reprint of the essays in book form. Scanned version online.
  • Christian Zentner, Friedemann Bedürftig (1991). The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, p. 24. Macmillan, New York. ISBN 0-02-897502-2

External links

Angriff

Angriff may refer to:

Angriff!, a collectible miniatures game

"Angriff", a song by Front Line Assembly off their album Improvised Electronic Device

Der Angriff (film), a 1988 West German television movie

Der Angriff, a Nazi newspaper

Arbeitertum

Arbeitertum (meaning Labour in English) was a fortnightly German newspaper aimed at working class readers and edited by Reinhold Muchow. It was founded with anti-Marxist and anti-Capitalist intentions. In the early 1930s, it was sponsored by the Nazi Party and in 1933 it became the official publication of the German Labor Front. It was thus used to explain to the working class the Party's position on labour affairs, with contributions from many party leaders. Der Angriff and Der Erwerbslose were two other newspapers established by the Nazi Party for the same purpose.

Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party

The Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party (Bulgarian language: Българска Национал-Социалистическа Работническа Партия) was a Nazi party based in the Kingdom of Bulgaria.

It was one of a number of anti-Semitic groups to emerge in Bulgaria after the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany, with other notable groups including the Union of Bulgarian National Legions and Ratnik. The party was established by Doctor Hristo Kunchev or Kuntscheff in 1932, who had studied medicine in Berlin. The party sought to copy the Nazi Party by adopting the National Socialist Program, the swastika and other symbols of the German party. Unlike some of its competitors on the far right like the Union of Bulgarian National Legions and the Ratniks, it was not a very influential group and had a relatively small membership. The party published a newspaper called Attack!, similar to Der Angriff of Joseph Goebbels. After the Bulgarian Communist Party established the People's Republic of Bulgaria the party was banned.

D-Irie

Denis Quist, better known as D-Irie (born 1981) is a German rapperwho gained recognition in the autumn of 2006 with his single "Was jetzt los!?!" ("What up now!?!"). He is signed to the hip-hop label Shok-Muzik.

He is known for his diss tracks against various German rappers, such as Sido, Azad, Massiv and Kool Savas.

Horst-Wessel-Lied

"Horst-Wessel-Lied" (English: "Horst Wessel Song"; pronounced [hɔʁst ˈvɛsl̩ liːt]), also known by its opening words, "Die Fahne hoch" (English: "Raise the Flag", lit. "The Flag High"), was used as the anthem of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) from 1930 to 1945. From 1933 to 1945 the Nazis made it the co-national anthem of Germany, along with the first stanza of the "Deutschlandlied". Since the end of World War II, "Horst-Wessel-Lied" has been banned in Germany and Austria.

Leo Leixner

Leo Leixner (1908–1942) was a Nazi journalist and war correspondent. He is known for his book From Lemberg to Bordeaux, a first-hand account of war in Poland, the Low Countries, and France, 1939–40.

Leopold von Mildenstein

Leopold Itz, Edler von Mildenstein (30 November 1902 – November 1968) was an SS officer of the 1930s and 1940s who is remembered as a leader of the Nazi Party's support during the 1930s for some of the aims of Zionism.

He sometimes worked as a writer and used the pen name LIM (his initials). In English he has sometimes been called a "Baron" although his rank of Edler meant "nobleman" and has no exact equivalent; perhaps the nearest translation is "Esquire".

After the Second World War, Mildenstein continued to live in West Germany, where he joined the Free Democratic Party and was elected to its Press Committee. In 1956, he went to Egypt to work for a radio station, and after the capture of Adolf Eichmann in 1960 he claimed immunity as an intelligence agent of the US Central Intelligence Agency, a claim which was neither confirmed nor denied. Nothing was heard of him after 1964, when he published a book on cocktails.

List of defunct newspapers of Germany

This is a list of defunct newspapers of Germany.

Allgemeine Zeitung

Das Andere Deutschland

Das Reich

Das Schwarze Korps

Der Angriff

Der Morgen

Der Pionier

Der Stürmer

Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung

Deutsche Volkszeitung

Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden

Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen

Die Einigkeit

Die Rote Fahne

Die Fanfare

Financial Times Deutschland

Frankfurter Zeitung

Freie Presse (Alsace), not to be confused with today's Freie Presse (Saxony)

Iskra

Israelitisches Familienblatt

Kreuzzeitung

Münchener Beobachter

Münchener Post

Neue Montagzeitung

Neue Rheinische Zeitung

Norsk-Tysk Tidsskrift

NS Månedshefte

Panzerbär

Prizyv

Regensburger Echo

Rheinische Zeitung

Völkischer Beobachter

Vossische Zeitung

Max Finkelstein

Max Finkelstein (March 5, 1884–May 3, 1940) was a captain in the New York City Police Department.

Nickelodeon Germany Kids' Choice Awards

The Nickelodeon Germany Kids' Choice Awards, also known as the Nick Verleihung was an annual awards show that aired on Nickelodeon (Germany). Its first edition was held in 1996, the last edition on October 17, 2008. As in the original version, winners receive a hollow orange blimp figurine, a logo outline for much of the network's 1984-2009 era, which also functions as a kaleidoscope. Since 2010 the original version is shown with a category for Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Rauchen und Yoga

Rauchen und Yoga is an album by German band Japanische Kampfhörspiele.

SS-Junker Schools

SS-Junker Schools (German SS-Junkerschulen) were leadership training facilities for SS-Junkers, officer candidates of the Schutzstaffel (SS). The term Junkerschulen was introduced by Nazi Germany in 1937, although the first facilities were established at Bad Tölz and Braunschweig in 1934 and 1935. Additional schools were founded at Klagenfurt and Posen-Treskau in 1943, and Prague in 1944. Unlike the Wehrmacht's "war schools", admission to the SS-Junker Schools did not require a secondary diploma. Training at these schools provided the groundwork for employment with the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo; security police), the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; security service), and later for the Waffen-SS. Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler intended for these schools to mold cadets for future service in the officer ranks of the SS.

SS Education Office

The SS Education Office (SS-Schulungsamt) was one of the Nazi organizations responsible for the ideological indoctrination of members of the SS. The office operated initially under the jurisdiction of the Reich Race and Settlement Office (RuSHA) but was later subordinated to the SS Main Office (SS-Hauptamt).

The Aggression

The Aggression (released in West Germany as Der Angriff and in France as L'agression) is a 1987 West German movie. It is a Heimatfilm. The plot centers around the attempted rape of pharmacist Ilse Trapmann, portrayed by Pascale Petit. The film takes the controversial stance that many West Germans have a latent desire to exert violence, despite the country's appearance to the contrary.

The Assault of the Present on the Rest of Time

The Assault of the Present on the Rest of Time (German: Der Angriff der Gegenwart auf die übrige Zeit) is a documentary film made in West Germany in 1985. It is written and directed by Alexander Kluge. The entire film was filmed in Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany. The film's working title was Unheimlichkeit der Zeit. An alternate English title of the film is The Blind Director.

The Global Trap

Die Globalisierungsfalle: Der Angriff auf Demokratie und Wohlstand is a 1996 non-fiction book by Hans-Peter Martin (born 1957 in Bregenz, Austria), and Harald Schumann (born 1957 in Kassel, Germany), that describes possible implications of current trends in globalisation. It was published in English as The Global Trap: Globalization and the Assault on Democracy and Prosperity in 1997. At this time, both authors were editors of the news magazine Der Spiegel. From 1999 to 2014, Hans-Peter Martin, who is stated in the book to be one of just three journalists to be allowed to take part in all activities at the Fairmont convention, was a member of the European Parliament.

The book was a best-seller in the author's native Austria and Germany and went on to be a worldwide bestseller with over 800,000 copies sold and translated into 27 languages.

In particular, the book is known for defining a possible "20/80 society". In this possible society of the 21st century, 20 percent of the working age population will be enough to keep the world economy going. The other 80 percent live on some form of welfare and are entertained with a concept called "tittytainment", which aims at keeping the 80 percent of frustrated citizens happy with a mixture of deadeningly predictable, lowest common denominator entertainment for the soul and nourishment for the body.

Völkischer Beobachter

The Völkischer Beobachter (pronounced [ˈfœlkɪʃɐ bəˈʔoːbaχtɐ]; "Völkisch Observer") was the newspaper of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party) from 25 December 1920. It first appeared weekly, then daily from 8 February 1923. For twenty-four years it formed part of the official public face of the Nazi Party until its last edition at the end of April 1945. The paper was banned and ceased publication between November 1923, after Adolf Hitler's arrest for leading the unsuccessful Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, and February 1925, the approximate time of the rally which relaunched the NSDAP.

Walter Stennes

Walter Franz Maria Stennes (12 April 1895 – 19 May 1983) was a leader of the Sturmabteilung (SA, stormtroopers, or "brownshirts") of the Nazi Party in Berlin and the surrounding area. In August 1930 he led the Stennes Revolt against Adolf Hitler, the leader of the party, and Hitler's appointed regional head of the party in the Berlin area, Joseph Goebbels. The dispute was over Hitler's policies and practices in the use of the SA, and the underlying purpose of the paramilitary organization. Hitler quelled the revolt peacefully, but after a second rebellion in March-April 1931, the SA was purged and Stennes was expelled from the party.

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