Deputy lieutenant

In the United Kingdom, a deputy lieutenant is a Crown appointment and one of several deputies to the lord lieutenant of a lieutenancy area: an English ceremonial county, Welsh preserved county, Scottish lieutenancy area, or Northern Irish county borough or county.

In formal style, the postnominal letters DL may be added: e.g. John Brown, CBE, DL. Should the subject have numerous more important honorifics these postnominals may be omitted, although this is rare.

Deputy lieutenants are nominated by a lord lieutenant, to assist with any duties as may be required: see the Lieutenancies Act 1997; deputy lieutenants receive their commission of appointment via the appropriate government minister by command of the Queen.[1] In England and Wales, since November 2001, the minister responsible for most appointments is the Lord Chancellor, with exceptions such as the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.[2] In Scotland, since July 1999 it has been the Scottish Ministers.[3]

Decades ago, the number of deputy lieutenants for each county could be as few as three. Today, however, there may be well over a dozen that are appointed as the number of DLs today correlates with the population of each respective county. DLs tend to be people who either have served the local community, or have a history of public service in other fields.[4]

DLs represent the lord lieutenant in his or her absence, including at local ceremonies and official events, from opening exhibitions to inductions of vicars (as requested by the Church of England). They must live within their ceremonial county, or within seven miles (11 km) of its boundary.[5] Their appointments do not terminate with any change of lord lieutenant,[6] but they are legally required to retire at age of 75.

One of the serving deputy lieutenants is appointed to be vice-lieutenant,[7] who in most circumstances will stand in for the lord lieutenant when they cannot be present. The appointment as vice-lieutenant does, however, expire on the retirement of the lord lieutenant who made the choice. Generally, the vice-lieutenant would then revert to DL.[8]

Unlike the office of lord lieutenant, which is an appointment in the gift of the Sovereign, the position of deputy lieutenant is an appointment of the Sovereign's appointee, and therefore not strictly speaking a direct appointment of the Sovereign.

See also


  1. ^ Lieutenancies Act 1997 (c. 23), section 2(4). Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  2. ^ The Transfer of Functions (Miscellaneous) Order 2001 (SI 2001/3500).
  3. ^ The Scotland Act 1998 (Transfer of Functions to the Scottish Ministers etc.) Order 1999 (SI 1999/1820).
  4. ^ Lieutenancies Act 1997, section 2(2)(a).
  5. ^ Lieutenancies Act 1997, section 2(2)(b)
  6. ^ Lieutenancies Act 1997, section 2(5).
  7. ^ Lieutenancies Act 1997, section 3.
  8. ^ Lieutenancies Act 1997, section 3(2).

External links

Arthur Stuart, 8th Earl Castle Stewart

Arthur Patrick Avondale Stuart, 8th Earl Castle Stewart (born 18 August 1928), styled Viscount Stuart from 1944 to 1961, is a nobleman in the Peerage of Ireland.

The third son of Arthur Stuart, 7th Earl Castle Stewart and his wife Eleanor May Guggenheim, daughter of Solomon Guggenheim, he became his father's heir apparent after the death of his two elder brothers in World War II. He was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, taking a BA from the latter in 1950. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Scots Guards on 1 January 1949 and was promoted to lieutenant on 31 May.In 1952, he married Edna Fowler (d. 2003), by whom he has one son and one daughter:

Andrew Richard Charles Stuart, Viscount Stuart (b. 1953), married Annie Yvette le Poulain in 1973, divorced in 2002, and has one daughter

Lady Bridget Ann Stuart (b. 1957), married Robert William Wadey in 1990 and has one daughterIn 2004, he married Gillian (née Savill) DL, Deputy Lieutenant of Tyrone.

Stuart succeeded his father in the earldom in 1961.From 1967 to 1997, he was vice-president of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and served on the advisory board of the Peggy Guggenheim Collection as vice-president from 1980 to 2011 and president from 2011 to 2013. Castle Stewart was a trustee of The Christian Community in the UK from 1973 to 2001. He is a fellow of the Chartered Management Institute. From 2000 until 2007, he was chairman of the Foundation for International Security.

Baron Cornwallis

Baron Cornwallis is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The holders of the first creation were later made Earl Cornwallis and Marquess Cornwallis, but these titles are now extinct. For information on the first creation, see the Earl Cornwallis.

The second creation came in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1927 when the Conservative politician Fiennes Cornwallis was created Baron Cornwallis, of Linton in the County of Kent. He had previously represented Maidstone in Parliament and served as chairman of the Kent County Council from 1910 to 1930. He was the son of Fiennes Cornwallis (who had been born Fiennes Wykeham-Martin but had assumed the surname of Cornwallis by Royal licence in 1859), son of Charles Wykeham-Martin and Lady Jemima Isabella, daughter of James Mann, 5th Earl Cornwallis. The first Baron's second but eldest surviving son, the second Baron, also served as chairman of the Kent County Council and was Lord Lieutenant of Kent. As of 2010 the title is held by the latter's grandson, the fourth Baron, who succeeded in March 2010. His wife, Sara, serves as Deputy Lieutenant of Perth and Kinross.

Baron Hindlip

Baron Hindlip, of Hindlip in the County of Worcester and of Alsop-en-le-Dale in the County of Derby, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1886 for the businessman and Conservative politician Sir Henry Allsopp, 1st Baronet. He was head of the brewing firm of Samuel Allsopp & Sons of Burton upon Trent and also represented East Worcestershire in Parliament. Allsopp had already been created a baronet, of Hindlip Hall in the Parish of Hindlip in the County of Worcester, in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 7 May 1880. His son, the second Baron, was also head of the family firm and sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for Staffordshire East and Taunton. His son, the third Baron, was a junior Unionist whip in the House of Lords from 1907 to 1914. The third Baron's younger son, the fifth Baron (who succeeded his elder brother), was a Deputy Lieutenant of Wiltshire. As of 2014, the titles are held by the latter's son, the sixth Baron, who succeeded in 1993.

Television presenters the Honourables Kirstie Allsopp and Sofie Allsopp are the daughters of the sixth Baron.

Baron Westbury

The Baron Westbury, of Westbury in the County of Wiltshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1861 for the lawyer and Liberal politician Sir Richard Bethell on his appointment as Lord Chancellor, a post he held until 1865.The title descended in the direct line until the death of his great-great-grandson, the fourth baron (who succeeded his grandfather), in 1961. The fourth baron was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth baron. He was equerry to Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester from 1947 to 1949 and also served as Deputy Lieutenant of North Yorkshire in 1973. As of 2016 the title is held by his son, the sixth baron, who succeeded in 2001.

Burton Borough School

Burton Borough School (often abbreviated as 'BBS') is situated on the southern edge of Newport, Shropshire, England, in Audley Avenue. The school was opened in 1957 and since then has developed steadily. In September 2004 it was designated a Specialist Arts College.

The school is named after a local man J.S. Burton Borough, who was a High Sheriff and deputy lieutenant for Shropshire and was the first governor of the school.

Hugh Birley

Hugh Birley (21 October 1817 – 7 September 1883) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.

Birley was born in Blackburn, Lancashire. Following education at Winchester School, he went to India, where he was the head of Birley, Corrie and Company, East India merchants. On his return to England he became a partner in Birley and Company, cotton spinners and also in Charles Macintosh and Company, manufacturers of India rubber goods.

He married Mabella Baxendale in 1842, and they had two sons and two daughters. They made their home at "Moorland", Didsbury, near Manchester. He was appointed a justice of the peace and Deputy Lieutenant for the County Palatine of Lancaster. He was an active supporter of the Church of England, and assisted in the building of a number of Anglican churches and schools in the Manchester area.

Birley was granted armorial bearings by the College of Arms, the blazon of which was as follows:

Sable on a fesse engrailed between three boars' heads couped argent, a mascle between three cross crosslets of the field, and for the Crest upon a wreath of the colours a demi-boar rampant sable collared argent the chain reflexed over the back or supporting a branch of wild teazle proper, charged on the shoulder with a millrind argent.At the 1868 general election the representation of the Parliamentary Borough of Manchester was increased to three members of parliament. Birley was elected as the first Conservative MP for the town, alongside the two sitting Liberal Party members, Thomas Bazley and Jacob Bright. He retained his seat at the ensuing elections of 1874 and 1880.

For the final years of his life, Birley was in poor health, and travelled to South Africa and Cannes in the south of France in an attempt to recuperate. However, after May 1883 he was too ill to attend parliament. He died at his Didsbury home in September 1883 aged 66.

John Arbuthnott, 10th Viscount of Arbuthnott

John Arbuthnott, 10th Viscount of Arbuthnott DL (b. Kincardineshire 20 July 1843 - d. Arbuthnott House 30 November 1895) was the son of John Arbuthnott, 9th Viscount of Arbuthnott whom he succeeded in 1891. Lt. 49th Foot Regiment. He was Deputy Lieutenant for Kincardineshire.

Married Anna Harriet Allen (born London 1852/3, died at Arbuthnott House 23 April 1892) at the home of her uncle, Inchmartine House, Inchture (Errol), 20 April 1871). Anna Harriet Allen was the only daughter of Edmund Allen of Strathmartin.

John Arbuthnott, 10th Viscount of Arbuthnott was succeeded by his brother David Arbuthnott, 11th Viscount of Arbuthnott.

John Grant, 13th Earl of Dysart

John Peter Grant, 13th Earl of Dysart, DL FRSGS (born 22 October 1946), styled Lord Huntingtower from 2003 to 2011, also known as Johnnie Grant, is a Scottish peer and landowner. Together with his son James, he is responsible for Rothiemurchus, in the Scottish Highlands, including part of Rothiemurchus Forest and Braeriach at 1296m (4252ft) the third highest mountain in the Britain,

Dysart is the son of Lt Col John Peter Grant, MBE 16th of Rothiemurchus, and his wife Lady Katherine, née Greaves.

In 1971, Dysart married Philippa Chance MBE (sister of the countertenor Michael Chance CBE), by whom he has three children:

Lady Louisa Katherine Lindsay (b. 1975)

James Patrick Grant, Lord Huntingtower (b. 1977)

Lady Alexandra Rose Grant (b. 1985)Dysart was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Inverness-shire in 1986, and succeeded his father as 'of Rothiemurchus', in the Cairngorms, in 1987. He has held office in a number of co-operative, land management, nature and conservation organisations since 1975 and was President of the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland from 1996 to 2006. In 2003, his mother Lady Katherine succeeded her elder sister, Lady Rosamund, as Countess of Dysart. Upon her death in 2011, Dysart inherited her titles.

Lieutenancy areas of Scotland

The lieutenancy areas of Scotland (Scots: Lieutenancy auries o Scotland) are the areas used for the ceremonial lord-lieutenants, the monarch's representatives, in Scotland. The lord-lieutenants' titles chosen by the monarch and her legal advisers are mainly based on placenames of the traditional counties of Scotland. In 1794 permanent lieutenancies were established by Royal Warrant. By the Militia Act 1797 (37 Geo.3, C.103), the lieutenants appointed "for the Counties, Stewartries, Cities, and Places" were given powers to raise and command County Militia Units.

While in their lieutenancies, lord lieutenants are among the few individuals in Scotland officially permitted to fly a banner of the Royal Arms of Scotland, the "Lion Rampant" as it is more commonly known.

Lieutenancy areas are different from the current local government council areas and their committee areas. They also differ from other subdivisions of Scotland including sheriffdoms and former regions and districts.

The Lord Provosts of Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, and Glasgow also act ex officio as lord-lieutenants. This is a unique right in the United Kingdom: all other lord-lieutenants are appointed by the monarch, rather than being elected politicians.

List of Deputy Lieutenants of Wiltshire

This is a list of Deputy Lieutenants of Wiltshire.

Unlike the appointment of High Sheriff, which is for one year, the term of office of a Deputy Lieutenant comes to an end only when the Lord Lieutenant changes. However, in practice the title of Deputy Lieutenant is usually held for life, as new Lord Lieutenants rarely make changes.

Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire

This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire. The post was established in 1794 and abolished in 1975, being replaced by the Lord Lieutenant of Argyll and Bute and the Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire and Arran.

John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute 17 March 1794 – 16 November 1814

John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute 2 January 1815 – 18 March 1848

Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart 17 April 1848 – 7 September 1859

James Crichton-Stuart 14 November 1859 – 24 October 1891

John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute 13 February 1892 – 9 October 1900

Andrew Murray, 1st Viscount Dunedin 1 January 1901 – 1905

John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute 31 March 1905 – 1920

James Graham, 6th Duke of Montrose 24 June 1920 – 1953

Lord Colum Crichton-Stuart 15 April 1953 – 18 August 1957

Lord Robert Crichton-Stuart 12 June 1958 – 1963

Ronald Graham 19 July 1963 – 23 June 1967

John Crichton-Stuart, 6th Marquess of Bute 12 October 1967 – 1975

Lord Lieutenant of Dorset

The Office of the Lord Lieutenant was created during the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547), taking over the military duties of the Sheriff of Dorset and control of the military forces of the Crown. From 1569, there was provision for the appointment of Deputy Lieutenants, and in 1662 the Lord-Lieutenant was given entire control of the militia. The Forces Act of 1871 transferred this function back to the Crown, and in 1921, the office lost its power to call upon men of the County to fight in case of need.

Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire

This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire. Since 1703, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Leicestershire.

Lord Lieutenant of Somerset

This is an incomplete list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Somerset. Since 1714, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Somerset.

Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire

This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant for Staffordshire. Since 1828, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire.


Ning'an (Chinese: 宁安; pinyin: Níng'ān) is a city located approximately 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Mudanjiang, in the southeast of Heilongjiang province, China, bordering Jilin province to the south. It is located on the Mudanjiang River (formerly known as Hurka River), which flows north, eventually falling into the Sungari River near Sanxing.

Administratively, Ning'an is now a county-level city, and a constituent part of the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang.

The land area of the entire county-level city of Ning'an is 7,870 km2 (3,040 sq mi); the reported population count, as of 2004, stood at 440,000. The government of the "county-level city" is located in the town of the same name (宁安镇; Níng'ān zhèn).Notable geographic features of the county-level city of Ning'an include Lake Jingpo and a crater underground forest (火山口地下森林). Lake Jingpo is a natural reservoir on the Mudanjiang River upstream (about 40 km or 25 mi southwest, straight-line distance) from Ning'an central urban area, result of the volcanic eruptions about 10,000 years ago.

Richard Lumley, 13th Earl of Scarbrough

Richard Osbert Lumley, 13th Earl of Scarbrough (born 18 May 1973), known as Viscount Lumley until 2004, is a British peer.

The elder son of Richard Lumley, 12th Earl of Scarbrough and his wife Lady Elizabeth, Lumley was educated at Eton College and was a Page of Honour to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother from 1 March 1989 to 1 January 1991. He succeeded his father in 2004. In 2007, he married Henrietta Elfrida Helen Boyson. Scarbrough was appointed a deputy lieutenant of South Yorkshire on 11 April 2011.

Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough

Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough PC (May 1725 – 12 May 1782) was a British peer, styled Viscount Lumley from 1740 to 1752.He was appointed a deputy lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire on 4 August 1757. On 27 October 1759, he was appointed colonel of the North Lincolnshire battalion of militia, and was made a deputy lieutenant of Lincolnshire on 30 November 1761.Scarbrough was Cofferer of the Household and deputy Earl Marshal from 1765 to 1766, and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1765.

William Gray (Conservative politician)

William Gray (21 December 1814 – 6 February 1895) was an English Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1857 to 1874.

Gray was the second son of William Gray of Wheatfield, in the Haulgh, Bolton, and his wife Frances Rasbotham, daughter of Dorning Rasbotham of Birch House, near Bolton. He was educated privately and in 1835 was cornet in the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry Cavalry. He was captain in the 4th Royal Lancashire Militia, and Lieutenant-Colonel of the 27th Lancashire Rifle Volunteers.

He owned the Lever Bridge cotton mill in Darcy Lever which in 1891 had 21,000 spindles and 420 looms. From 1850 to 1852, Gray was Mayor of Bolton. He was a Deputy Lieutenant and J.P. for Lancashire.At the 1857 general election Gray was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Bolton. He held the seat until he was defeated at the 1874 general election. He was a liberal Conservative and was in favour of education based on religion.

Gray lived at Darcy Lever Hall, near Bolton, in Lancashire (now Greater Manchester) and Farley Hill Place in Berkshire. He was High Sheriff of Berkshire for 1882–83.He died at the age of 80. Gray married Magdalene Robins, daughter of William Robins of West Kirby Cheshire, in 1861.

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