Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom)

The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) was a United Kingdom government department formed on 19 October 1970. It was replaced with the creation of the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills on 28 June 2007.[1][2]

Department of Trade and Industry
UK Department of Trade and Industry logo
Лондан. 2014. Жнівень 26
Department overview
Formed19 October 1970
Preceding agencies
Dissolved28 June 2007
Superseding agencies
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom
HeadquartersVictoria Street, London
Minister responsible
WebsiteThe DTI website at the National Archives

History

The department was first formed on 19 October 1970[3] with the merger of the Board of Trade and the Ministry of Technology, creating a new cabinet post of Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. The new department also took over the Department of Employment's former responsibilities for monopolies and mergers. In January 1974, the department's responsibilities for energy production were transferred to a newly created Department of Energy. On 5 March that year, following a Labour Party victory in the February 1974 general election, the department was split into the Department of Trade, the Department of Industry and the Department of Prices and Consumer Protection.[4]

Reformation

In 1983 the departments of Trade and Industry were reunited. The Department of Energy was re-merged back into the DTI in 1992, but various media-related functions transferred to the Department for National Heritage. Until it was succeeded in June 2007 the DTI continued to set the energy policy of the United Kingdom.[5]

After the 2005 general election the DTI was renamed to the Department for Productivity, Energy and Industry,[6] but the name reverted to Department of Trade and Industry less than a week later,[7] after widespread derision, including some from the Confederation of British Industry.

Structure

The DTI had a wide range of responsibilities. There were ultimately nine main areas covered by the DTI:

  • Company Law
  • Trade
  • Business Growth
  • Innovation
  • Employment Law
  • Regional Economic Development
  • Energy
  • Science
  • Consumer Law.

Emergent technology

From 1999 to 2005 it led the national E-Commerce Awards with InterForum, a not for profit membership organisation that helped British businesses to trade electronically. This aimed to encourage Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises to develop their business through the use of E-Commerce technologies.

Corporate policing

It also had responsibility for investigating misconduct by company directors, in which role Private Eye repeatedly lampooned it as "the Department of Timidity and Inaction".

See also

References

  1. ^ "Department for business, enterprise and regulatory reform established" (Press release). Government News Network. 28 June 2007. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2016. The Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (DBERR) will lead work to create the conditions for business success through competitive and flexible markets that create value for businesses, consumers and employees. It will work across Government and with the regions to raise levels of UK productivity, promoting the creation and growth of business.
  2. ^ "Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy - GOV.UK". www.bis.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Records created or inherited by the Department of Trade and Industry". National Archives. National Archives. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  4. ^ "Page Not Found - The National Archives". nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  5. ^ BERR history page
  6. ^ Smale, Will (10 May 2005). "DTI falls to the rebranding sword". BBC News. Retrieved 17 November 2016. To mark the start of Labour's third term in power, the DTI is no more, replaced by the Department for Productivity, Energy and Industry, or DPEI for short.
  7. ^ "Jibes prompt DTI rebrand U-turn". BBC News. 13 May 2005. Retrieved 17 November 2016. New department head Alan Johnson persuaded Tony Blair to change the name back following derision from business leaders and unions.

External links

Video clips

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Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform

The Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) was a United Kingdom government department. The department was created on 28 June 2007 on the disbanding of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), and was itself disbanded on 6 June 2009 on the creation of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.BERR had a wide range of responsibilities. The main areas covered were essentially those previously covered by the DTI: company law, trade, energy, business growth, employment law, regional economic development and consumer law. The principal machinery of government changes affecting the department on creation were the removal of the Office of Science and Innovation to the new Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills and the arrival of the Better Regulation Executive from the Cabinet Office. Subsequently, in October 2008, responsibility for energy policy was removed to the new Department of Energy and Climate Change. It merged with the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills in the June 2009 reshuffle to become the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.

BERR was responsible for the implementation of the Companies Act 2006 and for promoting entrepreneurship in the UK. In this context, it supported initiatives such as:

Make Your Mark, the UK's national campaign to give people the confidence, skills and ambition to be more enterprising.

Global Entrepreneurship Week, the world's first global celebration and promotion of the entrepreneurial spirit amongst young people.

Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills

The Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) was a UK government department created on 28 June 2007 to take over some of the functions of the Department of Education and Skills and of the Department of Trade and Industry. Its head office was based at Kingsgate House, 66-74 Victoria Street, London SW1, which has now been demolished. In June 2009 it was merged into the newly formed Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. It was responsible for adult learning, some parts of further education, higher education, skills, science and innovation.

DIUS also had responsibility for a number of Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs). These included the Research Councils:

Medical Research Council [1]

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)[2]

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) [3]

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) [4]

The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) [5]

The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) [6]

The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) [7]Other NDPBs sponsored by DIUS were:

Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) [8]

Student Loans Company (SLC) [9]

The Technology Strategy Board (TSB) [10]

The Design Council [11]In addition DIUS was the sponsor department for [NESTA] - the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts ([12])

Only some of DIUS's functions were UK-wide: it oversaw the science budget, provided through the Research Councils, for the UK as a whole. On the other hand, education is a devolved matter and there were corresponding departments in the Northern Ireland Executive, Scottish Government and Welsh Assembly Government.The only Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills was the Rt Hon John Denham MP.

The first Permanent Secretary, Ian Watmore, moved to a new appointment, leading to the appointment of Sir Jon Shortridge.

The Department's strategic objectives were to

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Accelerate the commercial exploitation of creativity and knowledge, through innovation and research, to create wealth, grow the economy, build successful businesses and improve quality of life.

Improve the skills of the population throughout their working lives to create a workforce capable of sustaining economic competitiveness, and enable individuals to thrive in the global economy.

Build social and community cohesion through improved social justice, civic participation and economic opportunity by raising aspirations and broadening participation, progression and achievement in learning and skills.

Pursue global excellence in research and knowledge, promote the benefits of science in society, and deliver science, technology, engineering and mathematics skills in line with employer demand.

Strengthen the capacity, quality and reputation of the Further and Higher Education systems and institutions to support national economic and social needs.

Encourage better use of science in Government, foster public service innovation, and support other Government objectives which depend on DIUS’ expertise and remit.A number of education functions of the former DfES (largely those focussed on the 14 - 19 age group) were taken over by the Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Digby Rumsey

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ISO/IEC 27000-series

The ISO/IEC 27000-series (also known as the 'ISMS Family of Standards' or 'ISO27K' for short) comprises information security standards published jointly by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).The series provides best practice recommendations on information security management—the management of information risks through information security controls—within the context of an overall Information security management system (ISMS), similar in design to management systems for quality assurance (the ISO 9000 series), environmental protection (the ISO 14000 series) and other management systems.The series is deliberately broad in scope, covering more than just privacy, confidentiality and IT/technical/cybersecurity issues. It is applicable to organizations of all shapes and sizes. All organizations are encouraged to assess their information risks, then treat them (typically using information security controls) according to their needs, using the guidance and suggestions where relevant. Given the dynamic nature of information risk and security, the ISMS concept incorporates continuous feedback and improvement activities to respond to changes in the threats, vulnerabilities or impacts of incidents.

The standards are the product of ISO/IEC JTC1 (Joint Technical Committee 1) SC27 (Subcommittee 27), an international body that meets in person twice a year.

The ISO/IEC standards are sold directly by ISO, mostly in English, French and Chinese. Sales outlets associated with various national standards bodies also sell directly translated versions in other languages.

Jonathan Djanogly

Jonathan Simon Djanogly (born 3 June 1965) is a British politician, solicitor and Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Huntingdon. Djanogly has been Trade and Industry Spokesman shadowing the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, Shadow Solicitor General for England and Wales and was Parliamentary Under-secretary of State at the Ministry of Justice from 2010 to 2012.

Metrication

Metrication or metrification is conversion to the metric system of units of measurement. Worldwide, there has been a long process of independent conversions of countries from various local and traditional systems, beginning in France during the 1790s and spreading widely over the following two centuries, but the metric system has not been fully adopted in all countries and sectors.

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