The Department of Special Investigation (DSI) is a department of the Ministry of Justice of Thailand. It operates independently of the Royal Thai Police and is tasked with the investigation of certain "special cases". These include complex criminal cases, those affecting national security, those involving organised criminal organisations and those potentially implicating high-ranking government officials or police officers.
The DSI is often referred to as Thailand's counterpart to the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Since its inception, the DSI has seen conflicts with the police over jurisdiction and authority over cases, and department officials have publicly expressed concern that the department's work has been consistently subject to political interference.
|Department of Special Investigation|
|Formed||3 October 2002|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Thailand|
|Parent department||Ministry of Justice|
On 30 August 2016 it was reported by DSI that one of the suspects it had detained was allegedly found unconscious and hanging in his cell. The suspect, Tawatchai Anukul, who was a suspect in a case of land deed fraud, was then rushed to Mongkutwattana Hospital where he was pronounced dead after several attempts at revival. DSI gave conflicting reports about how Tawatchai was found, with one official stating he likely committed suicide by hanging himself with his shirt. Another official gave a report stating he was found hanging by his socks. Tawatchai's family reported that DSI gave them contradictory information regarding his death. For instance, family members pointed out that the wound on Tawatchai's neck looked like it came from a wire rather than clothing.
An autopsy revealed that Tawatchai had died of a ruptured liver, suggesting blunt trauma, as well as suffocation. DSI stated that the liver rupture was due to the hospital team performing CPR on Tawatchai in an attempt to revive him, which the hospital dismissed as impossible. DSI also announced that their CCTV servers had malfunctioned at the time and therefore there were no recordings from security cameras of the incident.
During the 23 day lock down of Wat Phra Dhammakaya in 2017 that junta leader Prayut Chan-o-cha ordered using article 44 of the interim constitution, one follower in the temple died of an asthma attack during the operation. According to temple spokespeople, the death was caused by the halting of an ambulance at the junta's blockade that delayed emergency response. DSI, however, claimed that the temple did not notify emergency services until after the follower had died. DSI stepped back from this statement later, when the temple revealed time stamped LINE messages asking for emergency services that supported Wat Phra Dhammakaya's account of the timeline. The authenticity of the messages was not disputed by DSI, however DSI still denied delaying emergency services.
Brugger or Brügger may refer to:
Alois Brügger (1920–2001), Swiss neurologist who studied pain caused by bad posture
Arnold Brügger (1888–1975), Swiss painter
Christian Georg Brügger (1833–1899), Swiss botanist and naturalist
Christina Gilli-Brügger (born 1956), Swiss cross country skier
Ernst Brugger (1914–1998), Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1969–1978)
Janai Brugger (born 1983), American opera singer
Juergen Brugger, Swiss engineer
Karl Brugger (1941–1984), German foreign correspondent and author
Kenneth C. Brugger (1918–1998), naturalist
Kurt Brugger (born 1969), Italian luger
Mads Brügger (born 1972), Danish filmmaker and TV host
Michael Meier-Brügger (born 1948), Swiss linguist and Indo-Europeanist
Nathalie Brugger (born 1985), Swiss sailor
Peter Brugger (born ?), Swiss neuroscientist
Ulrich Brugger (born 1947), retired West German long-distance runner
Winfried Brugger (born 1950), Professor of Public Law, Philosophy of Law and Theory of State at Heidelberg UniversityWeapons:
Brügger & Thomet (B&T or B+T), licensed Swiss defense supplier
Brügger & Thomet APR (Advanced Precision Rifle), family of Swiss sniper rifles
Brügger & Thomet GL-06, stand-alone shoulder-firing non-lethal weapon for military and police applications
Brügger & Thomet MP9 (Machine Pistol 9mm), machine pistolAircraft:
Brügger Colibri and MB-3 Colibri, a family of small sports aircraft designed in Switzerland in the 1960s and 70s for amateur constructionFirst Win
First Win is an mine-resistant ambush protected infantry mobility vehicle with an all-welded steel monocoque V-hull that provides high level protection against a variety of battlefield threats, including mines and improvised explosive devices. Gross vehicle weight is about nine tonnes and it can carry up to 10 troops plus driver.
Chaiseri hopes to export the First Win to foreign customers.Internal Security Operations Command
The Internal Security Operations Command (Thai: กองอำนวยการรักษาความมั่นคงภายในราชอาณาจักร; RTGS: kong am nuai kan raksa khwam man khong phai nai ) or ISOC (Thai: กอ.รมน.; RTGS: kooromono) is the political arm of the Thai military. It was responsible for suppression of leftist groups during the 1970s and 1980s during which it was implicated in atrocities against activists and civilians. ISOC was implicated in a plot to assassinate Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. After Thaksin was deposed in a military coup, the junta transformed the ISOC into a "government within a government", giving it wide-reaching authority over the National Anti-Corruption Commission, the Department of Special Investigation, and the Anti-Money Laundering Office (AMLO). The junta also authorized it to help provincial authorities in marketing OTOP products. In June 2007, the junta approved a draft national security bill which gave ISOC sweeping powers to handle "new forms of threats" to the country. The ISOC revamp modelled it after the US Department of Homeland Security, and gave ISOC sweeping new powers to allow the ISOC chief to implement security measures such as searches without seeking approval from the prime minister. As of June 2007, ISOC was headed by Army Commander-in-Chief and junta head General Sonthi Boonyaratglin. ISOC operates under the aegis of the Office of the Prime Minister.ISOC's FY2017 budget is 10,410.4 million baht. ISOC has about 5,000-6,000 staff nationwide, excluding those working in the south, and there are 500,000-600,000 internal security volunteers, as well as tens of thousands of people in its information network.Ministry of Justice (Thailand)
The Ministry of Justice of the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: กระทรวงยุติธรรม; RTGS: Krasuang Yuttitham; Abrv: MOJ) is a cabinet ministry in the Government of Thailand. The ministry is in charge of the criminal justice system in the kingdom. As well as running prisons and aiding the Royal Thai Police, the ministry also runs the government's drug and narcotic control policies. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Justice, Suwaphan Tanyuvardhana. Its fiscal year 2017 budget is 23,551 million baht.PTT Public Company Limited
PTT Public Company Limited or simply PTT (Thai: ปตท) is a Thai state-owned SET-listed oil and gas company. Formerly known as the Petroleum Authority of Thailand, it owns extensive submarine gas pipelines in the Gulf of Thailand, a network of LPG terminals throughout the kingdom, and is involved in electricity generation, petrochemical products, oil and gas exploration and production, and gasoline retailing businesses.Affiliated companies include PTT Exploration and Production, PTT Global Chemical, PTT Asia Pacific Mining, and PTT Green Energy.
PTT is one of the largest corporations in the country and also the only company from Thailand listed in Fortune Global 500 companies. The company ranks 81st among top 500 on the Fortune 500, and 180 on the Forbes 2000.Somchai Neelapaijit
Somchai Neelapaijit (Thai - สมชาย นีละไพจิตร) (May 13, 1951 – last seen on March 12, 2004), a Thai Muslim-lawyer and human rights activist who "disappeared" on 12 March 2004 during Thaksin Shinawatra's regime. On that date, Somchai was last seen in Ramkhamhaeng where eyewitnesses saw four men drag him from his car. He has not been seen since.Five police officers were charged with coercion in the Somchai case. They were acquitted in 2015. A year later the DSI dropped the case, having shown no results after 12 years of investigation. The case of the (probable) death of Somchai Neelaphaijit has not since been solved. In 2016 the Department of Special Investigation (DSI) declared the investigation "over".Ousted Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra is believed by many interested in the case to have played a part in Somchai's disappearance and probable murder. Though his body has not found, the motive is thought to have been Somchai's representing Muslim defendants in terrorism cases. The day after Somchai's disappearance, concerns were publicly raised. In response, Thaksin said, "Oh, don't worry. I understand he had a fight with his wife, and will probably be back home in a day or two."Somyot Poompanmoung
Pol.Gen. Somyot Poompanmoung (Thai: สมยศ พุ่มพันธุ์ม่วง; RTGS: Somyot Phumphanmuang; born 27 December 1954) is a former commissioner-general of the Royal Thai Police and current president of the Football Association of Thailand (FAT).
Following the military coup of 22 May 2014, Somyot was appointed to the National Legislative Council (NLC). Members are required to reveal their assets and properties to determine if they are "unusually rich". Somyot and his wife's net worth was reported to be about 355 million baht (roughly US$11 million). One government critic said that this raised "...questions about how a lifelong career in the public service could have made him a millionaire."On 11 February 2016, Somyot was elected the new president of the Football Association of Thailand.Special Investigations
Special Investigation or Special Investigations may refer to:
Department of Special Investigation, a Thai security service
Special Investigation Branch, the British armed forces military police CID
Special Investigations Department (Brazil), a part of the Civil Police
Special Investigation Group, a New Zealand governmental security groupWipas Raksakulthai
Wipas Raksakulthai (Thai: วิภาส รักสกุลไทย; born c. 1973) is a Thai businessman currently serving a sentence for lèse majesté following a Facebook post to his account perceived to criticize King Bhumibol. Wipas has been named a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International.
Wipas is a Thai "Red Shirt", a supporter of the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship, the movement loosely affiliated with deposed prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. On 29 April 2010, he was arrested at his home in Rayong Province by the Department of Special Investigation on charges of lèse majesté, following a Facebook post to his account allegedly criticizing the king. He was 37 years old at the time of his arrest. Wipas denied that he had made the post, stating that his account had been hacked. In May 2011, The Nation quoted a "reliable source" as saying that Wipas had been released on bail, but was trying to avoid further news coverage.The Bangkok Post reported that this was thought to be the first lèse majesté charge against a Thai Facebook user. A media reform activist described the case as escalating "the climate of fear among [Thai] internet users" and stated that "now many people refrain from revealing their real identities on Facebook."In its 2011 Annual Report, Amnesty International criticized the arrest, expressing its concern that "[Thai] freedom of expression is being curbed through the use of the emergency decree, the lese majeste law and the Computer Crime Act." The organization named Wipas a prisoner of conscience, apparently the first in several decades. An advisor to Amnesty International said he was uncertain why Wipas had been classified as a prisoner conscience while the possibly hundreds of other citizens detained under the lese majeste law had not.