Department of Special Investigation

The Department of Special Investigation (DSI) is a department of the Ministry of Justice of Thailand. It operates independently of the Royal Thai Police and is tasked with the investigation of certain "special cases". These include complex criminal cases, those affecting national security, those involving organised criminal organisations and those potentially implicating high-ranking government officials or police officers.

The DSI is often referred to as Thailand's counterpart to the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).[1] Since its inception, the DSI has seen conflicts with the police over jurisdiction and authority over cases, and department officials have publicly expressed concern that the department's work has been consistently subject to political interference.[2][3][4]

Department of Special Investigation
กรมสอบสวนคดีพิเศษ
Logo of the Department of Special Investigation
Department overview
Formed3 October 2002
TypeMinisterial department
JurisdictionGovernment of Thailand
HeadquartersBangkok, Thailand
Department executive
  • Pol Col Paisit Wongmuang, Director-General
Parent departmentMinistry of Justice
WebsiteDSI

Organization

Organizational structure

  • Office of the Director
    • Law Department
    • Office of Foreign Affairs and International Crimes
    • Office of Financial Litigation
    • Office of Security
    • Office of Consumer and Environmental Protection
    • Office of Intellectual Property Litigation
    • Office of Technology and Information Technology Case
    • Office of Tax Lawsuit
    • Office of Special Criminal 1
    • Office of Special Criminal 2
    • Office of Special Criminal 3
    • Office of Technology and Information Monitoring Center
    • Office of Policy and Strategy
    • Office of Special Cases
    • Office of Special Operations
    • Office of Special Case Development and Support

Notable cases

  • In 2004, human rights lawyer Somchai Neelapaijit was abducted in broad daylight in Bangkok. He had been representing a group of Muslim suspects allegedly involved in the South Thailand insurgency. Five police officers were charged with the abduction. They were acquitted in 2015. A year later the DSI dropped the case, having shown no results after 12 years of investigation.[5]
  • In 2014 the disappearance of Billy Rakchongcharoen, a Karen rights activist, resulted in his wife petitioning the agency to "take up the issue for consideration as a special case".[6] The DSI rejected the petition by the activist's wife in 2017, citing a technicality: the couple was not legally married.[5] Inexplicably, in June 2018 the DSI announced that it would reopen the investigation of Billy's disappearance as a "special case". Media reports intimated that the DSI's change of heart was due to pressure on the Prayut Chan-o-cha administration from international organizations regarding a case that was initially ignored, leading the media to doubt DSI's newfound commitment.[5]
  • In 2016, DSI opened a much publicized case against the abbot of Wat Phra Dhammakaya after some funds from an alleged embezzlement case was traced to donations made to the temple. The case has been described as a proxy war between supporters and opponents of the temple.[7][8][9][10] One of the most criticized and debated aspects of DSI's handling of the case was its refusal to give the abbot his charges at the temple.[11][12] Other criticisms of DSI's handling of the case include continuing to pursue the charges after the affected credit union withdrew charges,[13][14] in violation of Thai Criminal Procedure Code Section 39(2).[15][16]

Controversies

Tawatchai Incident

On 30 August 2016 it was reported by DSI that one of the suspects it had detained was allegedly found unconscious and hanging in his cell. The suspect, Tawatchai Anukul, who was a suspect in a case of land deed fraud, was then rushed to Mongkutwattana Hospital where he was pronounced dead after several attempts at revival. DSI gave conflicting reports about how Tawatchai was found, with one official stating he likely committed suicide by hanging himself with his shirt. Another official gave a report stating he was found hanging by his socks.[17][18] Tawatchai's family reported that DSI gave them contradictory information regarding his death. For instance, family members pointed out that the wound on Tawatchai's neck looked like it came from a wire rather than clothing.[18]

An autopsy revealed that Tawatchai had died of a ruptured liver, suggesting blunt trauma, as well as suffocation. DSI stated that the liver rupture was due to the hospital team performing CPR on Tawatchai in an attempt to revive him, which the hospital dismissed as impossible.[19] DSI also announced that their CCTV servers had malfunctioned at the time and therefore there were no recordings from security cameras of the incident.[20]

Article 44 death

During the 23 day lock down of Wat Phra Dhammakaya in 2017 that junta leader Prayut Chan-o-cha ordered using article 44 of the interim constitution, one follower in the temple died of an asthma attack during the operation. According to temple spokespeople, the death was caused by the halting of an ambulance at the junta's blockade that delayed emergency response.[21] DSI, however, claimed that the temple did not notify emergency services until after the follower had died.[22][23] DSI stepped back from this statement later, when the temple revealed time stamped LINE messages asking for emergency services that supported Wat Phra Dhammakaya's account of the timeline.[23][22][24] The authenticity of the messages was not disputed by DSI, however DSI still denied delaying emergency services.[24]

Corruption in the ranks

  • Tarit Pengdith, former director-general of DSI until his dismissal in 2014, was accused by the NACC of hiding assets while serving as DSI director-general. The NACC found that Tarit had amassed unexplained wealth of 346.65 million baht during his 12 years at DSI. The supreme court found Tarit guilty and sentenced him to six months in jail and a fine of 10,000 baht, commuted to a three-month term and a fine of 5,000 baht because he confessed. It suspended the jail term for two years because he had not previously been sentenced to prison.[25]

References

  1. ^ "Law enforcement agency tries to shake off shackles". Bangkok Post. 10 May 2009.
  2. ^ "Thailand: Effort underway to define functions of Department of Special Investigation". Thai Press Reports. 8 March 2007. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Thai special investigation team must politically freed: senior official". People's Daily Online. Xinhua. 12 July 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
  4. ^ Laohong, King-oua (1 September 2012). "Famed crime fighter bows out". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
  5. ^ a b c "DSI faces an uphill battle in 'Billy' case" (Editorial). Bangkok Post. 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  6. ^ Satyaem, Chaiwat (2015-09-02). "Supreme Court clears former park chief in 'Billy' case". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  7. ^ Marshall, Andrew R.C. (16 June 2016). "Meditating devotees shield scandal-hit abbot from Thai police". Reuters. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  8. ^ Rojanaphruk, Pravit (12 June 2016). "Yellow and Red Seen in Orange in Dhammakaya Scandal". Khaosod English. Archived from the original on 5 December 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  9. ^ Liusuwan, Nicholas. "Complexities of Thai Buddhism". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Social Media Campaign Launched by Dhammakaya Followers". Digital Journal. 13 June 2016. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Interview of Deputy Prosecutor Mr. Paramat Intarachumum". TNN. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Interview with former Police General Sereepisuth Temiyaves". Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  13. ^ "คุยข่าวเล่าธรรม04 06 59". Peace TV. 3 June 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  14. ^ Credit union request an end to all civil and criminal lawsuits against Wat Phra Dhammakaya, Thai News Network, 29 April 2016, retrieved 14 December 2016
  15. ^ "The Criminal Procedure Code" (PDF). UNODC. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  16. ^ "Peace TV Interviews Lawyer: Legal Code Supports Venerable Dhammajayo's Innocence". Dhammakaya Uncovered. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  17. ^ Laohong, King-Oua (2 September 2016). "Arrested former lands official found dead in DSI cell". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  18. ^ a b TAMNUKASETCHAI, PIYANUCH (2 September 2016). "Death of land official shrouded in mystery". The Nation. Archived from the original on 3 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  19. ^ Laohong, King-Oua (1 September 2016). "Doctor dismisses DSI's cause of suspect's death theory". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  20. ^ THAMNUKASETCHAI, PIYANUCH (8 September 2016). "Probe into suspect's death in DSI custody to be concluded in 30 days: police". The Nation. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  21. ^ "Dhammakaya follower dies of asthma after ambulance stopped by troops: monk spokesman". The Nation. Archived from the original on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Find facts in temple death" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  23. ^ a b Sattaburuth, Aekarach; Wongyala, Pongpat (2017-03-03). "Government slams 'fake news' from temple". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  24. ^ a b Charuvastra, Teeranai (2 March 2017). "DSI Denies Blockade Responsible for Death of Dhammakaya Disciple". Khaosod English. Archived from the original on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  25. ^ "Tarit gets small fine, suspended jail for undeclared wealth". Bangkok Post. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
Brügger

Brugger or Brügger may refer to:

People:

Alois Brügger (1920–2001), Swiss neurologist who studied pain caused by bad posture

Arnold Brügger (1888–1975), Swiss painter

Christian Georg Brügger (1833–1899), Swiss botanist and naturalist

Christina Gilli-Brügger (born 1956), Swiss cross country skier

Ernst Brugger (1914–1998), Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1969–1978)

Janai Brugger (born 1983), American opera singer

Juergen Brugger, Swiss engineer

Karl Brugger (1941–1984), German foreign correspondent and author

Kenneth C. Brugger (1918–1998), naturalist

Kurt Brugger (born 1969), Italian luger

Mads Brügger (born 1972), Danish filmmaker and TV host

Michael Meier-Brügger (born 1948), Swiss linguist and Indo-Europeanist

Nathalie Brugger (born 1985), Swiss sailor

Peter Brugger (born ?), Swiss neuroscientist

Ulrich Brugger (born 1947), retired West German long-distance runner

Winfried Brugger (born 1950), Professor of Public Law, Philosophy of Law and Theory of State at Heidelberg UniversityWeapons:

Brügger & Thomet (B&T or B+T), licensed Swiss defense supplier

Brügger & Thomet APR (Advanced Precision Rifle), family of Swiss sniper rifles

Brügger & Thomet GL-06, stand-alone shoulder-firing non-lethal weapon for military and police applications

Brügger & Thomet MP9 (Machine Pistol 9mm), machine pistolAircraft:

Brügger Colibri and MB-3 Colibri, a family of small sports aircraft designed in Switzerland in the 1960s and 70s for amateur construction

First Win

First Win is an mine-resistant ambush protected infantry mobility vehicle with an all-welded steel monocoque V-hull that provides high level protection against a variety of battlefield threats, including mines and improvised explosive devices. Gross vehicle weight is about nine tonnes and it can carry up to 10 troops plus driver.

Chaiseri hopes to export the First Win to foreign customers.

Internal Security Operations Command

The Internal Security Operations Command (Thai: กองอำนวยการรักษาความมั่นคงภายในราชอาณาจักร; RTGS: kong am nuai kan raksa khwam man khong phai nai ) or ISOC (Thai: กอ.รมน.; RTGS: kooromono) is the political arm of the Thai military. It was responsible for suppression of leftist groups during the 1970s and 1980s during which it was implicated in atrocities against activists and civilians. ISOC was implicated in a plot to assassinate Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. After Thaksin was deposed in a military coup, the junta transformed the ISOC into a "government within a government", giving it wide-reaching authority over the National Anti-Corruption Commission, the Department of Special Investigation, and the Anti-Money Laundering Office (AMLO). The junta also authorized it to help provincial authorities in marketing OTOP products. In June 2007, the junta approved a draft national security bill which gave ISOC sweeping powers to handle "new forms of threats" to the country. The ISOC revamp modelled it after the US Department of Homeland Security, and gave ISOC sweeping new powers to allow the ISOC chief to implement security measures such as searches without seeking approval from the prime minister. As of June 2007, ISOC was headed by Army Commander-in-Chief and junta head General Sonthi Boonyaratglin. ISOC operates under the aegis of the Office of the Prime Minister.ISOC's FY2017 budget is 10,410.4 million baht. ISOC has about 5,000-6,000 staff nationwide, excluding those working in the south, and there are 500,000-600,000 internal security volunteers, as well as tens of thousands of people in its information network.

Ministry of Justice (Thailand)

The Ministry of Justice of the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: กระทรวงยุติธรรม; RTGS: Krasuang Yuttitham; Abrv: MOJ) is a cabinet ministry in the Government of Thailand. The ministry is in charge of the criminal justice system in the kingdom. As well as running prisons and aiding the Royal Thai Police, the ministry also runs the government's drug and narcotic control policies. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Justice, Suwaphan Tanyuvardhana. Its fiscal year 2017 budget is 23,551 million baht.

PTT Public Company Limited

PTT Public Company Limited or simply PTT (Thai: ปตท) is a Thai state-owned SET-listed oil and gas company. Formerly known as the Petroleum Authority of Thailand, it owns extensive submarine gas pipelines in the Gulf of Thailand, a network of LPG terminals throughout the kingdom, and is involved in electricity generation, petrochemical products, oil and gas exploration and production, and gasoline retailing businesses.Affiliated companies include PTT Exploration and Production, PTT Global Chemical, PTT Asia Pacific Mining, and PTT Green Energy.

PTT is one of the largest corporations in the country and also the only company from Thailand listed in Fortune Global 500 companies. The company ranks 81st among top 500 on the Fortune 500, and 180 on the Forbes 2000.

Somchai Neelapaijit

Somchai Neelapaijit (Thai - สมชาย นีละไพจิตร) (May 13, 1951 – last seen on March 12, 2004), a Thai Muslim-lawyer and human rights activist who "disappeared" on 12 March 2004 during Thaksin Shinawatra's regime. On that date, Somchai was last seen in Ramkhamhaeng where eyewitnesses saw four men drag him from his car. He has not been seen since.Five police officers were charged with coercion in the Somchai case. They were acquitted in 2015. A year later the DSI dropped the case, having shown no results after 12 years of investigation. The case of the (probable) death of Somchai Neelaphaijit has not since been solved. In 2016 the Department of Special Investigation (DSI) declared the investigation "over".Ousted Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra is believed by many interested in the case to have played a part in Somchai's disappearance and probable murder. Though his body has not found, the motive is thought to have been Somchai's representing Muslim defendants in terrorism cases. The day after Somchai's disappearance, concerns were publicly raised. In response, Thaksin said, "Oh, don't worry. I understand he had a fight with his wife, and will probably be back home in a day or two."

Somyot Poompanmoung

Pol.Gen. Somyot Poompanmoung (Thai: สมยศ พุ่มพันธุ์ม่วง; RTGS: Somyot Phumphanmuang; born 27 December 1954) is a former commissioner-general of the Royal Thai Police and current president of the Football Association of Thailand (FAT).

Following the military coup of 22 May 2014, Somyot was appointed to the National Legislative Council (NLC). Members are required to reveal their assets and properties to determine if they are "unusually rich". Somyot and his wife's net worth was reported to be about 355 million baht (roughly US$11 million). One government critic said that this raised "...questions about how a lifelong career in the public service could have made him a millionaire."On 11 February 2016, Somyot was elected the new president of the Football Association of Thailand.

Special Investigations

Special Investigation or Special Investigations may refer to:

Department of Special Investigation, a Thai security service

Special Investigation Branch, the British armed forces military police CID

Special Investigations Department (Brazil), a part of the Civil Police

Special Investigation Group, a New Zealand governmental security group

Wipas Raksakulthai

Wipas Raksakulthai (Thai: วิภาส รักสกุลไทย; born c. 1973) is a Thai businessman currently serving a sentence for lèse majesté following a Facebook post to his account perceived to criticize King Bhumibol. Wipas has been named a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International.

Wipas is a Thai "Red Shirt", a supporter of the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship, the movement loosely affiliated with deposed prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. On 29 April 2010, he was arrested at his home in Rayong Province by the Department of Special Investigation on charges of lèse majesté, following a Facebook post to his account allegedly criticizing the king. He was 37 years old at the time of his arrest. Wipas denied that he had made the post, stating that his account had been hacked. In May 2011, The Nation quoted a "reliable source" as saying that Wipas had been released on bail, but was trying to avoid further news coverage.The Bangkok Post reported that this was thought to be the first lèse majesté charge against a Thai Facebook user. A media reform activist described the case as escalating "the climate of fear among [Thai] internet users" and stated that "now many people refrain from revealing their real identities on Facebook."In its 2011 Annual Report, Amnesty International criticized the arrest, expressing its concern that "[Thai] freedom of expression is being curbed through the use of the emergency decree, the lese majeste law and the Computer Crime Act." The organization named Wipas a prisoner of conscience, apparently the first in several decades. An advisor to Amnesty International said he was uncertain why Wipas had been classified as a prisoner conscience while the possibly hundreds of other citizens detained under the lese majeste law had not.

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