Department of Lima

The Department of Lima (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlima]) is located in the central coast of the country, its regional seat (capital city) is Huacho. Lima Province, which contains the city of Lima, the country's capital, is located west of the Lima Region; this province is autonomous and not under the jurisdiction of the Regional Government.

Department of Lima
Flag of Department of Lima
Flag
Official seal of Department of Lima
Seal
Location of the Lima region in Peru
Location of the Lima region in Peru
CountryPeru
Subdivisions9 provinces and 128 districts
CapitalHuacho
Government
 • GovernorNelson Chui
(2015–2018)
Area
 • Total32,129.31 km2 (12,405.20 sq mi)
Highest elevation
5,654 m (18,550 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total800,588
 • Density25/km2 (65/sq mi)
UBIGEO
15
Dialing code01
ISO 3166 codePE-LIM
Principal resourcesN/A
Poverty rateN/A
Percentage of Peru's GDPN/A
Websitewww.regionlima.gob.pe

Geography

The region is bordered by the Ancash Region on the north, the Huánuco Region, Pasco Region, and Junín Region on the east, the Huancavelica Region on the southeast, the Ica Region on the south, and the Pacific Ocean and the Lima Province on the west.

The region has a coastal and an Andean zone, and has a great diversity of natural regions: the Costa or Chala (0 to 500 meters above sea level) up to the Janka or Cordillera (over 4800 meters). The predominating regions are the Yunga (500 to 2300 meters above sea level) and Quechua (2300 to 3500 meters)

Points of interest

Lomas de Lachay

The Lomas de Lachay, a unique mist-fed eco-system of wild plant and animal species, is a natural reserve located in the region.

Lunahuaná

Lunahuaná District of Cañete Province, is located 38 km away from the city of San Vicente de Cañete. The Incahuasi Archeological complex is located there. Lunahuaná has a dry climate and the sun shines during most of the year. Lately, Lunahuaná has become an adventure sports paradise, such as: Canotaje (Whitewater Rafting), Parapente & Ala Delta. Whitewater rafting is possible due to the Cañete River, which has rapids up to level 4. The main settlement in this district is the town of Lunahuaná.

History

The remains of early Andean inhabitants, hunters and harpoon fishermen from more than 10,000 years ago, are to be found in the Lima region. These remains were found in Chivateros, near the Chillón River, and in various other places. These persons incorporated nets, hooks, farming, ceramics and weaving to their everyday objects. The inhabitants of the coast lived in the lomas and the valleys, where they built temples and dwelling complexes, leading to huge ceremonial centers, such as the Huacoy on the Chillón River; Garagay and La Florida (prehistoric) on the Rímac River, Manchay on the Lurín River; and Chancay, Supe and many other valleys to the north and south. There are finely ornamented temples with figures modeled in clay.

Lithic prehistoric projectile points of Paijan type were found at Ancon (archaeological site) 40 kilometres north-east of Lima in the Chillón River Valley.

The 5,000-year-old ruins known as El Paraíso, Peru are also located in this area. A temple at the site is believed to be about 5,000 years old.

In 2006, a team of archeological researchers led by Robert Benfer announced their findings from a four-year excavation at Buena Vista, Peru in the Chillón River valley a few miles north of present-day Lima. They had discovered a 4200-year-old observatory constructed by an early Andean civilization, a three-dimensional sculpture, unique for the time period in this region, and sophisticated carvings. The observatory is on top of a 33-foot pyramidal mound and has architectural features for sighting the astronomical solstices. The discovery pushes back the time for the development of complex civilization in the area and has altered scholars' understanding of Preceramic period cultures in Peru.[1]

The Lima culture (100 A.D. to 650 A.D.) arose in this area, specially in the central valleys from Chancay to Lurín. It was distinguished by painted adobe buildings.

During this time, the Huari conquest took place, thus giving rise to Huari-style ceramics, together with a local style known as Nievería. As the population grew, their culture changed. With the decline of the Huari, whose most important center was Cajamarquilla, new local cultures arose. The Chancay are the most well known. They developed large urban centers and a considerable textile production, as well as mass-produced ceramics.

At this stage in the mid-fifteenth century, the Incas arrived from their base in the Andes. They conquered and absorbed the regional cultures and occupied important sites such as Pachacamac, turning it into an administrative center.

Political division

The region is divided into 10 provinces, which are composed of 171 districts.

Places of interest

References

  1. ^ Richard Lovett, "Oldest Observatory in Americas Discovered in Peru", National Geographic, May 2006, accessed 2 Nov 2010

External links

Coordinates: 12°02′36″S 77°01′42″W / 12.043333°S 77.028333°W

2006 Peruvian general election

The first round of the 2006 Peruvian national election was held on April 9, 2006 to elect the President of the Republic, two Vice-Presidents, 120 Members of Congress, and five Peruvian members of the Andean Parliament (plus 10 substitutes), for the 2006-2011 period.

No single presidential ticket obtained more than half of the total valid votes thus leading to a runoff election held on June 4, 2006 between the two candidates with most votes, Ollanta Humala and Alan García. Garcia won the election with 52.62% to Humala's 47.37% making Garcia the President-elect of Peru. The president-elect was inaugurated on 28 July 2006, on Peruvian National Day.

The Congressional election made use of 25 Electoral Districts (Peru's 24 departments and the Constitutional Province of Callao). The number of seats in Congress for each district was determined by its number of eligible voters. A political party need to win a minimum of five seats in two electoral districts or 4% of nationwide valid votes in order to be represented in Congress.

Like the presidential and vice-presidential election, the Andean Parliament election did not use Electoral Districts, using nationwide votes instead. A minimum of 4% of nationwide valid votes was necessary for a party to get any representation in the Andean Parliament.

"Valid votes" only include votes correctly issued for exactly one candidate. Hence, blank ballots, multiple-candidate votes or incorrect markings did not affect the overall results, functioning at most as political statements.

The National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (Registro Nacional de Identificación y Estado Civil, RENIEC) was in charge of registering eligible voters; the National Office of Electoral Processes (Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales, ONPE) organized the election; and the National Jury of Elections (Jurado Nacional de Elecciones, JNE) made any rulings concerning the election, including the proclamation of official results.

Acaray

For the hydroelectric power plant and HVDC-back-to-back facility in Paraguay, see Acaray Power Plant

Acaray, also known as the Fortress of Acaray, is an archaeological site located in the Huaura River Valley on the near north coast of Peru (or the Norte Chico region). The impressive fortress is located on a series of three hilltops, each ringed with a number of perimeter defensive walls that have parapets and bastions, which stand as testaments to the military nature of the site. Radio carbon dating has established it was built about 900-200BC and abandoned 1000–1470AD. Surrounding the hilltop fortress are lower-lying areas of occupation and extensive cemeteries, which have been heavily looted.

Andajes District

Andajes District is one of six districts of the province Oyón in Peru.It is located in the northern highlands of the department of Lima Province Oyón 23 km to the NW of the town of Churín at an altitud of 3,487 meters.

Andajes historic village the land of "Martyrs of Democracy" cradle of delicacies called by the investigator Antonio Raimondi "Balcony of the Andes". It was created politically January 2, 1857 by General Ramón Castilla. Currently there are annexes: La Chimba and San Benito.

Etymologically the term Andajes place names comer from two Quechua. "Anta" means copper and "Jaja" or "casha" which means thorn. Another version is that it was named by Spanish Andaxes and eventually led to Andajes.

Atlético Minero

Club Atlético Minero is a Peruvian football club based in Matucana, located in the Department of Lima. It was founded in 1997 and was promoted to the Primera División Peruana in 2008 where it played for one season. It has played in the Peruvian Segunda Division ever since.

Battle of San Juan and Chorrillos

The Battle of San Juan, also known as the Battle of San Juan and Chorrillos, was the first of two battles in the Lima Campaign during the War of the Pacific, and was fought on January 13, 1881. This battle is really a group of smaller, yet fierce confrontations at the defensive strongholds of Villa, Chorrillos, Santiago de Surco, San Juan de Miraflores, Santa Teresa and Morro Solar. The Chilean army led by Gen. Manuel Baquedano inflicted a harsh defeat on the Peruvian army commanded by the Supreme Chief Nicolás de Piérola. The Chilean triumph eliminated the first defensive line guarding Lima, and almost obliterated the Peruvian army defending it.

At the end of the battle, the town of Chorrillos was burnt to the ground by the Chilean army trying to eradicate the Peruvian defenders garrisoned there. During the night, civilian abuses were committed by drunk soldiers.

Despite this result, another battle had to be fought in order that the Chilean army could enter the Peruvian capital city at Miraflores, two days later.

Club Deportivo Pacífico FC

Club Deportivo Pacífico FC is a Peruvian football club. Based in the San Martín de Porres District, in the department of Lima, it plays in Peru's Second Division.

Huacho

Huacho (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwatʃo]) is a city in Peru, capital of the Huaura Province and capital of the Lima Region. It is located 223 feet (67 metres) above sea level and 148 km north of the city of Lima. The city is located on the Pan-American Highway, and close to the Lomas de Lachay National Park so it has extensive vegetation and wildlife.

Huaral District

Huaral, founded in 1551 by the Spanish conquerors, is a district in the Peruvian department of Lima. It covers an area of 665.57 km square. It starts at the Peruvian coast and continues up to the Andes. Its capital is a small city located 78 km (48 mi) north of Lima, Peru (300m above sea level). Huaral is very agricultural, and it is surrounded by hundreds of farm fields. Including its famous Huando oranges. Thus Huaral is also called "Capital of Agriculture." The population is about 160,000. The climate is warm in the coastal regions and cools toward the 4,500m (14,763 ft) mountains. Automobile traffic is minimal. Walking, bicycles, motorcycles and tricycle motor-taxis are common modes of transportation. There are two principal highways to enter Huaral, Pasamayo and its variant. A bus trip to or from Lima costs about one dollar (3.50 Soles) There are many Inca archaeological sites and other historical sites all over the area.

Huarmey

For the Province of the Ancash Region in Peru, see Huarmey Province

Huarmey is a coastal town in the Ancash Region, Peru. It is one of the five districts and also the capital of the Province of Huarmey. It is located crossing the Pan-American highway from south to north after leaving the department of Lima in Paramonga and at 82 km from the Fortaleza River. It was created by law 24034 on December 20, 1984.

At certain times of the year, the settlers fish abundant shrimps in the Huarmey River. This river fertilizes the valley and flows from south to north.

The port of Huarmey is located at 5 km to the south, through a detour that begins in the Pan-American highway.

Huarmey is 83 km from the next major city, Casma.

This city is largely undeveloped, though is one of the main cities of the Ancash Region. Huarmey has its own beaches and is has facilities for camping and surf. The water is very cold all year round, despite the high temperatures of the city.

Huarmey is on the site of the Punta Lobos massacre, a 14th-century pre-Columbian Chimú human sacrifice and mass burial site.

Jorge Del Castillo

Jorge Alfonso Alejandro del Castillo Gálvez (born July 2, 1950) is a Peruvian lawyer and politician who was Prime Minister of Peru from 2006 to 2008. He is also a member and current Secretary-General of the Peruvian Aprista Party. In his career, he has served in the now abolished Peruvian Chamber of Deputies, in the Peruvian Congress of the Republic, and as mayor of Lima and Barranco.

La Libertad Region

La Libertad (Spanish pronunciation: [la liβeɾˈtað]) is a region in northwestern Peru. Formerly it was known as the Department of La Libertad (Departamento de La Libertad). It is bordered by the Lambayeque, Cajamarca and Amazonas regions on the north, the San Martín Region on the east, the Ancash and Huánuco regions on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Its capital is Trujillo, which is the nation's third biggest city. The region's main port is Salaverry, one of Peru's largest ports. The name of the region is Spanish for "freedom" or "liberty"; it was named in honor of the Intendencia of Trujillo's proclaiming independence from Spain in 1820 and fighting for that.

Laura Esther Rodriguez Dulanto

Laura Esther Rodríguez Dulanto (18 October 1872 – 6 July 1919) was the first female physician in Peru.

Peruvian Segunda División

The Segunda División or Liga 2 (Second Division) of Peru is the second-highest division in the Peruvian football league system. It is a professional division and was declared a promotional division by the Peruvian Football Federation (FPF). After years of changing numbers of clubs, as of 2017 the league includes 15 clubs. It is currently organized by the Asociación Deportiva de Futbol Profesional - Segunda División.

Pocra culture

Pocras (called Pacora and Pocora in colonial documentation) were the ancient Wari culture (Spanish: Huari) inhabitants of the modern-day city of Huamanga, Peru before the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, bounded on the northwest by the Warivilcas, and on the southeast by the Rucanas and the Soras and on the east by the Mayonmarka near the Andahuaylas in La Mar (Chungui) in the current Peruvian province of Ayacucho. This culture was developed in the Middle Horizon and Late Intermediate cultural periods of Peru, from about CE 500 to 1000. Culturally the Pocras were outstanding in pottery, especially that found in Conchopata, Akuchimay, and behind Los Caballitos on the banks of Piñawa, Tenería or contemporary Alameda.

Rafael Arcangel Avalos Garcia

Rafael Arcangel Avalos Garcia is a Peruvian politician leader born in the city of Mala, province of Cañete, located in the southern region of the department of Lima. As one of the original members of the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA) he was elected mayor for the district of Mala from 1945 to 1948. He later became General Secretary for the Federacion Nacional de Campesinos del Peru (FENCAP). On June 9, 1963, after the military coup d'état of 1962, he represented the department of Lima once more during the general elections in Peru. He was elected Diputado and became a congressman for the Congress of the Republic of Peru from 1963 to 1968.

Sporting Cristal

Club Sporting Cristal is a Peruvian football team. Based in the Rímac District, in the department of Lima, it plays in the professional league known as the Peruvian First Division. Sporting Cristal has won the league title 18 times, and it is the Peruvian team with the third most National titles. All its titles have been won in the professional era.

It is one of the most popular football teams in Peru, along with Universitario and Alianza Lima; it is the youngest of the three. In 1997, it became the second Peruvian football club to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores, an international competition.

Sporting Cristal plays home games at the Estadio Alberto Gallardo, but they also play at the Estadio Nacional. They also use the Estadio Nacional when playing international competitions, such as Copa Libertadores.

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