Dennis Martínez's perfect game

On July 28, 1991, Dennis Martínez of the Montreal Expos pitched the 13th perfect game in Major League Baseball history, blanking the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 at Dodger Stadium.[1] A native of Granada, Nicaragua, Martínez became the first pitcher born outside of the United States to pitch a perfect game. (He has since been joined by Venezuela native Félix Hernández, who pitched a perfect game in 2012.) The perfect game also made the Dodgers, the losing team in Tom Browning's perfect game in 1988, the first team to be on the losing end of consecutive perfect games; they have since been joined by the Tampa Bay Rays, who were the losing team in Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009 and Dallas Braden's perfect game the following year. After completing the perfect game, Martínez slowly walked into the Dodger Stadium dugout, sat down by himself and cried.

The perfect game is the last of four no-hitters in Montreal Expos history, Bill Stoneman having pitched two, in 1969 (the franchise's inaugural season, and only nine games into its history) and 1972, and Charlie Lea in 1981. After the 2004 season, the franchise moved to Washington, D.C., where it became the Washington Nationals, and would not record the first no-hitter in its Washington history until Jordan Zimmermann no-hit the Miami Marlins on September 28, 2014.

Dennis Martínez's perfect game
Dennis Martínez 1980
Martínez pitched the 13th perfect game in Major League history.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Montreal Expos 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 4 0
Los Angeles Dodgers 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
DateJuly 28, 1991
VenueDodger Stadium
CityLos Angeles, California
Managers

Game summary

Martínez's mound opponent, Mike Morgan, also pitched all nine inning to receive credit for the complete game. Morgan himself was perfect through five innings,[2] the latest the opposing starter in a perfect game has remained perfect.

Larry Walker, who played right field for the vast majority of his career, made 81 appearances at first base,[3] one of which was this game. He was involved in 17 of 27 outs: 16 putouts and one assist.[2]

Both runs scored occurred in the top of the seventh inning. Walker hit the only run batted in (RBI), scoring Dave Martinez on a triple. On the next at bat, Walker scored on an error for the second run, with both errors of the game occurring in the seventh inning by the same player, Alfredo Griffin.[2]

Chris Gwynn, the younger brother of Hall-of-Famer Tony Gwynn, flew out to Marquis Grissom for the game's final out.

Two days earlier, Expos starter Mark Gardner no-hit the Dodgers through nine innings but lost the no-hitter, and eventually the game, in the tenth. The Expos would have become the first team to throw a perfect game and an additional no-hitter in the same series, and would have joined the 1917 St. Louis Browns as the only teams to throw two no-hitters in the same series. On consecutive days of that season, May 5–6, Ernie Koob and Bob Groom no-hit the eventual World Champion Chicago White Sox.

Dodger Stadium, the site of Sandy Koufax's perfect game in 1965, became the first stadium to witness two perfect games; it has since been joined by Yankee Stadium, Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum and Safeco Field.

Martínez's exclusive catcher with the Expos, Ron Hassey, had previously caught Len Barker's perfect game in 1981, thus making him the first, and to date only, catcher to have caught two Major League perfect games. Hassey also became the second catcher, after Gus Triandos, to catch a no-hitter in both leagues.

The perfect game was the third losing perfect game Alfredo Griffin played in; he was also on the losing end of Tom Browning's perfect game in 1988, and Len Barker's perfect game in 1981 while with the Toronto Blue Jays. Griffin has since been joined by four Tampa Bay Rays in sharing this dubious mark: Evan Longoria, Carlos Peña, B. J. Upton and Ben Zobrist were all on the losing end of Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009, Dallas Braden's perfect game in 2010, and Félix Hernández's perfect game in 2012.

Boxscore

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Montreal Expos (43–55) 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 4 0
Los Angeles Dodgers (56–41) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
WP: Dennis Martínez (11–6)   LP: Mike Morgan (9–6)

References

  1. ^ http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/dennis-martinez-pitches-perfect-game
  2. ^ a b c "Montreal Expos at Los Angeles Dodgers box score, July 28, 1991". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  3. ^ "Larry Walker statistics and history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 24, 2011.

External links

2014 Major League Baseball season

The 2014 Major League Baseball season began on March 22 at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney, Australia, between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Arizona Diamondbacks. The North American part of the season started on March 30 and ended on September 28.

The Major League Baseball All-Star Game's 85th edition was held on July 15 at Target Field in Minneapolis, Minnesota, home of the Minnesota Twins. The American League (AL) beat the National League (NL) 5–3. With the win, the AL champion earned home-field advantage during the World Series.

This year the Houston Astros hosted the Civil Rights Game on May 30 at Minute Maid Park. They played host to the Baltimore Orioles.This was also the final season of Bud Selig as the Commissioner of Baseball. Selig served as the Executive Council Chairman from 1992 to 1998, acting as the commissioner, and then was appointed as the official commissioner in 1998. On August 14, 2014, the franchise owners selected Rob Manfred to become the new Commissioner, starting in 2015.

2015 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 2015 throughout the world.

Chris Gwynn

Christopher Karlton Gwynn (born October 13, 1964) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. He is the younger brother of the Hall of Famer Tony Gwynn and the uncle of former Major League Baseball outfielder Tony Gwynn Jr.

Kenny Rogers' perfect game

On July 28, 1994, Kenny Rogers of the Texas Rangers pitched the 14th perfect game in Major League Baseball history, blanking the California Angels 4-0 at The Ballpark at Arlington. Needing 98 pitches to complete his masterpiece, Rogers struck out eight batters. He also survived three-ball counts to seven Angel hitters. The perfect game is, as of 2019, the most recent no-hitter in Ranger history.

Rogers said he did not think about the perfect game until the ninth inning—and the bid was almost broken up one batter in. Rookie center fielder Rusty Greer preserved the bid by making a diving catch of Rex Hudler's sinking line drive to right-center leading off the inning. Greer also caught Gary DiSarcina's fly ball for the game's final out.

Offensively for the Rangers, Jose Canseco hit two home runs. One of them came in the third inning and was on the front end of back-to-back homers with Iván Rodríguez, Rogers' catcher.

The perfect game came three years to the day after Dennis Martínez's perfect game, the last perfect game prior to this one, and made Rogers the third left-hander to pitch a perfect game, joining Sandy Koufax in 1965 and Tom Browning in 1988. It also came 10 years after the Angels' Mike Witt pitched his perfect game against the Rangers, that game taking place in The Ballpark's predecessor, Arlington Stadium. As of 2017, the Angels and Rangers are the only two teams to record perfect games against each other.

The home plate umpire was minor league fill-in Ed Bean, who was working in his 29th Major League game and seventh as home plate umpire. Bean worked only seven more Major League games.

Larry Poncino

Larry Louis Poncino (born February 3, 1957) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball. His Major League umpiring debut came on July 11, 1985 and his last game was on September 30, 2007. He umpired in the 2006 American League Division Series; the National League Championship Series in 1998, 2003, and 2005, and the 1996 MLB All-Star Game. Poncino wore uniform number 13 during his National League stint, then changed to 39 when the NL and AL umpiring staffs merged in 2000.

Larry Walker

Larry Kenneth Robert Walker (born December 1, 1966) is a Canadian former professional baseball right fielder in Major League Baseball (MLB). During his 17-year career, he played for the Montreal Expos, Colorado Rockies, and St. Louis Cardinals. In 1997, he became the only player in major league history to register both a .700 slugging percentage and 30 stolen bases in the same season, on his way to winning the National League (NL) Most Valuable Player Award (MVP). The first player in more than 60 years to hit at least .360 in each of three consecutive seasons from 1997 to 1999, Walker also won three NL batting championships. Honors include induction into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2007, the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009, and acclaim from Sports Illustrated in 1999 as the 13th greatest sporting figure from Canada.

Widely considered a five-tool talent of prodigious athleticism and instincts, Walker hit for both average and power, combined with well above-average speed, defense and throwing strength and accuracy. He was recognized as the top Canadian athlete in 1998 with the Lou Marsh Trophy. Other awards include five MLB All-Star selections, seven Gold Gloves, three Silver Sluggers, and nine Tip O'Neill Awards. His career slugging percentage (.565) ranks 12th all-time. Walker is one of only 19 hitters in history to accomplish a .300 batting average, 400 on-base percentage (OBP), and .500 slugging percentage (SLG) with at least 5,000 plate appearances, and one of six whose careers began after 1960. Considering advanced metrics, he is one of three players in history to rank within the top 100 of each of batting runs, baserunning runs, and defensive runs saved; the others are Barry Bonds and Willie Mays.

From the Greater Vancouver area of British Columbia, Walker spent his youth playing hockey with consuming NHL goaltender aspirations. That dream never materialized; however, the Expos saw his baseball potential and signed him in 1984. By 1990, Walker became their starting right fielder, propelling them to the majors' best record in 1994 when that year's strike stopped their first serious World Series run. He signed with the Rockies as a free agent following the season, and, during a six-year period starting in 1997, was the major league batting leader three times while finishing second in the NL twice. In 1997, he also led the league in home runs, OBP, SLG, while joining the 30–30 club, registering 12 outfield assists and leading his position with four double plays turned.

Desiring a trade to a contending team, the Rockies sent Walker to St. Louis in the middle of their 105-win season of 2004 and he made his first World Series appearance while tying or setting three Cardinals postseason records. He announced his retirement from playing baseball after Game 6 of the 2005 National League Championship Series. Following his playing career, Walker has served as a guest instructor for the Cardinals, and, since 2009, has coached the Canadian national team. In that time, Team Canada has competed in three World Baseball Classic (WBC) tournaments, and twice at the Pan Am Games, winning consecutive Pan Am gold medals in 2011 and 2015. Active on the American Baseball Hall of Fame ballot as of 2019, he has appeared nine times in ten years of eligibility, receiving 54.6 of 75 percent required to gain election.

Len Barker's perfect game

On May 15, 1981, Len Barker of the Cleveland Indians threw a perfect game against the Toronto Blue Jays at Cleveland Stadium, the tenth perfect game in Major League Baseball history. The Indians defeated the Blue Jays 3–0, as Barker did not allow a baserunner. Barker never once reached ball three against any Blue Jay hitter. He struck out eleven Blue Jays hitters (all of them swinging) including seven of the last eleven batters.Barker's perfect game is the most recent no-hitter thrown by a Cleveland pitcher. "I run into people almost every day who want to talk about it," Barker said in 2006. "Everyone says, 'You're probably tired of talking about it.' I say, 'No, it's something to be proud of.' It's a special thing."Barker was the first perfect game pitcher who did not come to bat during the entire game, with the American League having adopted the designated hitter in 1973.

Ron Hassey, Barker's catcher, would catch Dennis Martínez's perfect game in 1991, thus becoming the only catcher, to date, to catch two perfect games.

Danny Ainge, who would play 14 seasons in the National Basketball Association, was on the losing end of this game. He grounded out and struck out in his two at-bats; in the ninth inning, he was pinch-hit for by Alvis Woods, who struck out.

List of Washington Nationals seasons

The Washington Nationals are an American professional baseball team that has been based in Washington, D.C. since 2005. The Nationals are a member of both the Major League Baseball's (MLB) National League Eastern Division and the National League (NL) itself. Since the 2008 season, the Nationals have played in Nationals Park; from 2005 through 2007, the team played in Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium.

The Nationals are the successors to the Montreal Expos, who played in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from their inception as an expansion team in 1969 through 2004, with the majority of that time (1977–2004) spent in Montreal's Olympic Stadium.

The following takes into account both teams, as all Montreal records were carried with the franchise when it moved to Washington.

Marquis Grissom

Marquis Deon Grissom (born April 17, 1967) is an American former professional baseball center fielder. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Montreal Expos, Atlanta Braves, Cleveland Indians, Milwaukee Brewers, Los Angeles Dodgers, and San Francisco Giants between 1989 and 2005.

Mike Morgan (baseball)

Michael Thomas Morgan (born October 8, 1959) is a former right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. He played for twelve different teams over 25 years, and is one of 29 players in baseball history to appear in Major League baseball games in four decades (1978–2002). Upon his retirement, Morgan held the major league record for most major league teams played for (12), but this record was surpassed by Octavio Dotel in 2012 and Edwin Jackson in 2018. Because of this, Morgan was nicknamed "The Nomad" by his teammates due to his constant travel from team to team.

Ron Hassey

Ronald William Hassey (born February 27, 1953) is an American former professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a catcher for the Cleveland Indians (1978–1984), Chicago Cubs (1984), New York Yankees (1985–1986), Chicago White Sox (1986–1987), Oakland Athletics (1988–1990), and Montreal Expos (1991). Hassey is the only catcher in MLB history to have caught more than one perfect game (the first with Len Barker in 1981 and his second with Dennis Martínez in 1991). Hassey is also the second catcher in MLB history to have caught a no-hitter in both leagues.

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