Dennis Etchison

Dennis William Etchison (born March 30, 1943) is an American writer and editor of fantasy and horror fiction. Etchison refers to his own work as "rather dark, depressing, almost pathologically inward fiction about the individual in relation to the world". Stephen King has called Dennis Etchison "one hell of a fiction writer" and he has been called "the most original living horror writer in America" (The Viking-Penguin Encyclopedia of Horror and the Supernatural). While he has achieved some acclaim as a novelist, it is his work in the short story format that is especially well-regarded by critics and genre fans. He was President of Horror Writers Association from 1992 to 1994. He is a multi-award winner, having won the British Fantasy Award three times for fiction, and the World Fantasy Award for anthologies he edited.

Dennis Etchison
Etchison at the 2008 World Horror Convention in Salt Lake City, Utah.
BornMarch 30, 1943 (age 75)
Stockton, California
OccupationWriter
NationalityAmerican
Genre
Notable awards

Early years

Etchison was born in Stockton, California. An only child, the earliest years of his life were spent growing up in a household devoid of men (World War II was still raging across the globe). Etchison has remarked that he was greatly spoiled during his early years and largely isolated from other children. This sense of isolation and need to interact with society would later form the themes to many of his works.

In his early years, Etchison also became an avid wrestling fan. Fascinated by the interplay between good and evil, he would regularly attend shows at the Olympic Auditorium with his father. His passion for the sport continues to this day, and he often writes under the pen name "The Pro" for the wrestling publication Rampage.

In junior high and high school, Etchison wrote for the school paper and won numerous essay contests. He discovered Ray Bradbury during this time and emulated him before developing his own style. On the last day of his junior year in high school, Etchison began writing his first short story. Entitled "Odd Boy Out," it involved a group of teenagers in the woods. He began submitting it to numerous science-fiction magazines but received rejection slips each time.

He then remembered Ray Bradbury once suggesting that a writer should start by submitting their work to the least likely market. So he submitted his short story to a gentlemen's magazine called Escapade, and, a few weeks later, he received their acceptance and a check for $125.

Film studies and screen work

Etchison has written professionally in many genres since 1960. He attended UCLA film school in the 1960s and has written many screenplays as yet unproduced, from his own works as well as those of Ray Bradbury ("The Fox and the Forest") and Stephen King ("The Mist"). He rewrote a Colin Wilson script, The Ogre, and completed a screenplay based on his own short story "The Late Shift". He co-wrote a story for the Logan's Run TV series, "The Thunder Gods" (printed in The Circuit 2, No 3).

In 1983, Etchison was asked by Stephen King to be the film consultant/historian on King's book on the horror genre, Danse Macabre.

In 1984, ZBS Media produced a 90-minute radio version of Stephen King's The Mist, based on Etchison's script. A film, "Killing Time", was made by Patrick Aumont and Damian Harris (Graymatter Productions) from Etchison's story "The Late Shift".

In 1985, Etchison served as staff writer for the HBO TV series The Hitchhiker.

In 1986, John Carpenter teamed up with Etchison to write a script to Halloween 4: The Return of Michael Myers.[1]

"Halloween was banned in Haddonfield and I think that the basic idea was that if you tried to suppress something, it would only rear its head more strongly. By the very [attempt] of trying to erase the memory of Michael Myers, [the teenagers] were going to ironically bring him back into existence."
 — Dennis Etchison on his idea for Halloween 4.[2]

However, Moustapha Akkad rejected the Etchison script, calling it "too cerebral" and insisting that any new Halloween sequel must feature Myers as a flesh and blood killer.[3] In an interview, Etchison explained how he received the phone call informing him of the rejection of his script. Etchison said, "I received a call from Debra Hill and she said, 'Dennis, I just wanted you to know that John and I have sold our interest in the title 'Halloween' and unfortunately, your script was not part of the deal."[2]

Carpenter and Hill had signed all of their rights away to Akkad, who gained ownership. Akkad says, "I just went back to the basics of Halloween on Halloween 4 and it was the most successful."[4] As Carpenter refused to continue his involvement with the series, a new director was sought out. Dwight H. Little, a native of Ohio, replaced Carpenter.

Fiction writing

Etchison's fiction has appeared regularly since 1961 in a wide range of publications including Cavalier, The Oneota Review, Rogue, Seventeen, Statement, Fantastic Stories, Mike Shayne Mystery Magazine, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, Mystery Monthly, Escapade, Adelina, Comet (Germany), Fiction (France), Universe (France), Fantasy Tales, Weirdbook, Whispers, Fantasy Book and in such anthologies as Orbit, New Writings in SF, Rod Serling's Other Worlds, Prize Stories from Seventeen, The Pseudo-People, and The Future is Now. His stories can also be found in many of the major horror and dark fantasy anthologies including Frights, Dark Forces, Terrors, New Terrors, Horrors, Fears, Nightmares, Shadows, Whispers, Night Chills, Death, World Fantasy Awards, Mad Scientists, Year's Best Horror Stories, The Dodd, Mead Gallery of Horror, Midnight and others.

His first short story collection, The Dark Country, was published in 1982. Its title story received the World Fantasy Award[5] (tied with Stephen King), as well as the British Fantasy Award[6] for Best Collection of that year – the first time one writer received both major awards for a single work.

Etchison nearly had his first short story collection appear eleven years earlier. In 1971 he sold Powell Books, a low-budget Los Angeles based publisher who published Karl Edward Wagner's Darkness Weaves, a collection of his science fiction and fantasy under the title The Night of the Eye. The book went into galley proofs and beyond – Etchison received a cover proof, and ISBN 0-8427-1014-0 was assigned. On the eve of its publication, Powell Publications went bankrupt. Etchison would wait over a decade before his actual first collection The Dark Country would appear, to critical acclaim.

Several more collections have been published since, including a career retrospective, Talking in the Dark (2001), which consists of stories personally selected by the author. He was nominated for the British Fantasy Award for "The Late Shift" (1981), and as well as winning the ward in 1982 for "The Dark Country", has won it since for Best Short Story, for "The Olympic Runner" (1986) and "The Dog Park" (1994).[6]

Etchison's first novel (discounting two pseudonymous erotic novels), The Shudder, was slated for publication in 1980; he finally withdrew it when the editor demanded what he felt were unreasonable changes in the manuscript. A portion of the novel appeared as one selection in A Fantasy Reader, the book of the Seventh World Fantasy Convention in 1981; the full novel remains unpublished.

Writing under the pseudonym of "Jack Martin", he has published popular novelizations of the films Halloween II (1981), Halloween III: Season of the Witch (1982), and Videodrome (1983). Under his own name, Etchison's novels include Darkside (1986), Shadowman (1993), and California Gothic (1995), as well as the novelization of John Carpenter's The Fog (1980).

Etchison has periodically taught classes in creative writing at UCLA.

Editorial work

As editor, Etchison has received two World Fantasy Awards for Best Anthology, for MetaHorror (1993) and The Museum of Horrors (2002). His other anthologies include the critically acclaimed Cutting Edge (1986), Gathering The Bones (2003) (edited with Ramsey Campbell and Jack Dann), and the Masters of Darkness series (three volumes).

Radio work

In 2002, Etchison adapted nearly 100 episodes of the original Twilight Zone TV series for a CBS radio series hosted by Stacy Keach. The programmes were commercially released on audio CDs. Etchison was one of the writers on the audio series Fangoria's Dreadtime Stories hosted by Malcolm McDowell. These horrific stories are available on CD and via digital download at iTunes, Audible and through other outlets.

Essays and other works

  • The Book of Lists: Horror – 2008 (contributor)
  • Etchison contributed a Foreword to George Clayton Johnson's All of Us Are Dying and Other Stories (Subterranean Press, 1999).

Critical reception

The late Karl Edward Wagner proclaimed him "the finest writer of psychological horror this genre has ever produced."[7] Charles L. Grant called Etchison "the best short story writer in the field today, bar none."[8]

Critical studies of Etchison's work can be found in Darrell Schweitzer's Discovering Modern Horror Fiction,[9] Richard Bleiler's Supernatural Fiction Writers [10] and "Dennis Etchison: Spanning the Genres" in S. T. Joshi's book The Evolution of the Weird Tale (2004), 178–89.[11]

Bibliography

Novels

  • Stud Row (LA: Oasis Books, 1969) (written as "H.L. Mensch" by Etchison & Eric Cohen)
  • Loves & Intrigues of Damon (LA: Oasis Books, 1969) (written as "Ben Dover") (based in part upon an idea by Charles Beaumont)
  • The Shudder (Coward, McCann, Geoghegan, 1980) ISBN 0-698-10991-0. Despite Etchison receiving an advance, and the book being assigned an ISBN, the novel was not published; it was withdrawn by the author (see details above).
  • The Fog (1980)
  • Halloween II (1981) (written as "Jack Martin")
  • Halloween III (1982) (written as "Jack Martin")
  • Videodrome (1983) (written as "Jack Martin")
  • Darkside (1986)
  • Shadowman (1993)
  • California Gothic (1995)
  • Double Edge (1997)

Short story collections

  • The Dark Country (1982)
  • Red Dreams (1984)
  • The Blood Kiss (1987)
  • The Death Artist (2000)

Retrospective collections

  • Talking in the Dark (2001) (plus one new story, "Red Dog Down"). This volume marked the fortieth anniversary of Etchison's first professional first short story sale.
  • Fine Cuts (e-collection, Scorpius Digital, 2006) (Hollywood-themed volume plus one previously uncollected story, "Got To Kill Them All")
  • Got To Kill Them All and other stories (CD Publications, 2008) (plus three previously uncollected stories, "One of Us", "In a Silent Way" and "My Present Wife", together with "Red Dog Down" and "Got To Kill Them All" previously included in prior reprospectives)

As editor

Other works

  • The Walk: A Tor.Com Original (2014)

Select awards and honors

Etchison has been nominated for and also won multiple awards for his various works.[12]

Year Organization Award title,
Category
Work Result Refs
1977 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Short Fiction
"It Only Comes Out at Night" Nominated [13][14]
1981 British Fantasy Society British Fantasy Award,
Best Short Fiction
"The Late Shift" Nominated [15]
1982 British Fantasy Society British Fantasy Award,
Best Short Story
"The Dark Country" Won [16]
1982 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Short Fiction
"The Dark Country" Won [17]
1983 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Short Fiction
"Deathtracks" Nominated [18]
1983 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Anthology/Collection
The Dark Country Nominated [18]
1987 British Fantasy Society British Fantasy Award,
Best Short Story
"The Olympic Runner" Won [19]
1987 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Anthology/Collection
Cutting Edge Nominated [20]
1988 Horror Writers Association Bram Stoker Award,
Superior Achievement in a Fiction Collection
The Blood Kiss Nominated [21]
1989 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Collection
The Blood Kiss Nominated [22]
1993 Horror Writers Association Bram Stoker Award,
Superior Achievement in Short Fiction
"The Dog Park" Nominated [23]
1997 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Short Fiction
"The Dead Cop" Nominated [24]
1998 International Horror Guild International Horror Guild Award,
Best Short Form
"Inside the Cackle Factory" Nominated [25]
2000 International Horror Guild International Horror Guild Award,
Best Collection
"The Death Artist" Nominated [26]
2001 International Horror Guild International Horror Guild Award,
Best Anthology
The Museum of Horrors Nominated [27]
2001 International Horror Guild International Horror Guild Award,
Best Collection
Talking in the Dark Nominated [27]
2002 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Anthology
The Museum of Horrors Won [28]
2002 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Collection
Talking in the Dark Nominated [28]
2003 Horror Writers Association Bram Stoker Award,
Superior Achievement in an Anthology
Gathering the Bones
with Ramsey Campbell and Jack Dann
Nominated [29]
2003 International Horror Guild International Horror Guild Award,
Best Anthology
Gathering the Bones
with Ramsey Campbell and Jack Dann
Nominated [30]
2004 World Fantasy Convention World Fantasy Award,
Best Anthology
Gathering the Bones Nominated [31]
2009 Horror Writers Association Bram Stoker Award,
Superior Achievement in a Fiction Collection
Got to Kill Them All & Other Stories Nominated [32]
2016 Horror Writers Association Bram Stoker Award,
Lifetime Achievement
  Won [33]

See also

References

  1. ^ Assip, Mike (January 6, 2017). "Exclusive Interview: Dennis Etchison On His Unmade HALLOWEEN 4 & The Ghosts Of The Lost River Drive-In". Blumhouse.com. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Dennis Etchison (2006). Halloween: 25 Years of Terror DVD (DVD). United States: Trancas International Pictures.
  3. ^ An AMC special "Backdraft", a show about the behind the scenes info on the whole Halloween series clarified all of this information.
  4. ^ Moustapha Akkad (2006). Halloween: 25 Years of Terror DVD (DVD). United States: Trancas International Pictures.
  5. ^ "1982 World Fantasy Award Winners and nominees". World Fantasy Convention. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2007.
  6. ^ a b "Past British Fantasy Society Award Winners 1972 – 2006". British Fantasy Organization. Retrieved 2007-07-09.
  7. ^ Wagner, Karl Edward. "The Dark Country". Babbage Press, blurb by Wagner. Archived from the original on July 1, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-09.
  8. ^ Grant, Charles L. "The Dark Country". Babbage Press, blurb by Grant. Archived from the original on July 1, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-09.
  9. ^ Stamm, M. E. "Dark side of the American Dream, The: Dennis Etchison" in: Schweitzer, Darrell, ed. Discovering Modern Horror Fiction I. Mercer Island: Starmont, 1985. (pp. 48–55). ISBN 9781587150104
  10. ^ Kelleghan, Fiona "Dennis Etchison", in Bleiler, Richard, Ed. Supernatural Fiction Writers: Contemporary Fantasy and Horror. New York: Thomson/Gale, 2003. (pp. 347–354) ISBN 9780684312507
  11. ^ Joshi, S.T., The Evolution of the Weird Tale, Hippocampus, 2004. ISBN 0-9748789-2-8
  12. ^ "Award Bibliography: Dennis Etchison". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  13. ^ "1977 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  14. ^ "World Fantasy Awards 1977". Science Fiction Awards Database. Locus Science Fiction Foundation. Archived from the original on 2015-06-30. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
  15. ^ "1981 British Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  16. ^ "Award Category: Best Short Story (British Fantasy Award)". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  17. ^ "1982 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  18. ^ a b "1983 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  19. ^ "1987 British Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  20. ^ "1987 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  21. ^ "1988 Bram Stoker Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  22. ^ "1989 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  23. ^ "1993 Bram Stoker Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  24. ^ "1997 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  25. ^ "1998 International Horror Guild Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  26. ^ "2000 International Horror Guild Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  27. ^ a b "2001 International Horror Guild Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  28. ^ a b "2002 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  29. ^ "2003 Bram Stoker Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  30. ^ "2003 International Horror Guild Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  31. ^ "2004 World Fantasy Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  32. ^ "2009 Bram Stoker Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  33. ^ "2016 Bram Stoker Award". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2017.

Further reading

  • Schweitzer, Darrell. [Interview with Dennis Etchison]. Fantasy Newsletter, 4, No 3 (March 1981).
  • Stamm, Michael E. "The Dark Side of the American Dream: Dennis Etchison". In Darrell Schweitzer (ed), Discovering Modern Horror Fiction, Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, July 1985, pp. 48–55.
  • Wagner, Karl Edward. 'On Fantasy' column devoted to Etchsion, Fantasy Newsletter, 6, No 2 (Feb 1982).

External links

Bibliography of Halloween

This is a bibliography of works about Halloween or in which Halloween is a prominent theme.

Bram Stoker Award for Best Fiction Collection

The Bram Stoker Award for Best Fiction Collection is an award presented by the Horror Writers Association (HWA) for "superior achievement" in horror writing for best fiction collection.

Etchison

Etchison is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Buck Etchison (1915–1980), American baseball player

Dennis Etchison (born 1943), American writer

Faces of Fear (interview book)

Faces of Fear is a World Fantasy award-winning book (Berkley Books 1985, revised 1990) where writer, critic and lawyer Douglas E. Winter interviews seventeen contemporary British and American horror writers about their life and art. The writers are V. C. Andrews, Clive Barker, William Peter Blatty, Robert Bloch, Ramsey Campbell, John Coyne, Dennis Etchison, Charles L. Grant, James Herbert, T. E. D. Klein, Stephen King, Michael McDowell, Richard Matheson, David Morrell, Alan Ryan, Whitley Strieber and Peter Straub.

The book was a finalist for the 1986 Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book.

Horror Writers Association

The Horror Writers Association (HWA) is a worldwide non-profit organization of professional writers and publishing professionals dedicated to promoting the interests of Horror and Dark fantasy writers.

Lorelei Shannon

Lorelei Shannon (born 1965 in Mesa, Arizona) is an American writer of horror and computer games.

Shannon is the author of a number of books and short stories. Her work has been listed in The Supernatural Index: A Listing of Fantasy, Supernatural, Occult, Weird, and Horror Anthologies, by Mike Ashley and William G. Contento. She co-edited the anthology Hours of Darkness for Scorpius Digital Publishing, which contained stories by well-known horror authors such as Ramsey Campbell, Peter Crowther, Dennis Etchison, Joe R. Lansdale, and Richard Christian Matheson.

She is a designer and screenwriter for three games from Sierra On-Line. Shannon co-designed King's Quest VII, a 1994 instalment in Sierra Entertainment's King's Quest computer game series, with Sierra founder Roberta Williams. Shannon's sequel to Roberta Williams's horror game Phantasmagoria, called Phantasmagoria: A Puzzle of Flesh, caused a storm of controversy when it was banned in Singapore and Australia for violent and sexual content. Sears stores throughout the U.S. refused to carry the game. Throughout Shannon's time at Sierra On-Line, she wrote material for many classic Sierra games such as Laura Bow and Police Quest, and worked with many of Sierra's "stars", such as Scott Murphy, Al Lowe, Corey Cole, Josh Mandel, and Jane Jensen.

Shannon has also worked as a technical documentation, director, voice actress, casting director and voice director.

Shannon founded the Rain City Hearse Club in 2002.

Masters of Darkness III

Masters of Darkness III is an anthology of horror short works edited by Dennis Etchison, the third and last in the "Masters of Darkness" series. It was first published in paperback by Tor Books in May 1991. It was gathered together with the previous two volumes of the series into the omnibus anthology The Complete Masters of Darkness issued by Underwood-Miller in the same year.The book collects fifteen novelettes and short stories by various authors, together with an "author’s note" after each story and a general preface by the editor.

MetaHorror

MetaHorror is an anthology of stories edited by Dennis Etchison. It was published by Dell Abyss in July 1992. The anthology contains, among several other stories, the Peter Straub short story "The Ghost Village", which was original to the anthology and won the 1993 World Fantasy Award for Best Short Story. The anthology itself won the 1993 World Fantasy Award for Best Anthology.

Prime Evil (anthology)

Prime Evil is an anthology of horror short stories edited by Douglas E. Winter. It was first published in 1988 by New American Library. With the exception of the Dennis Etchison story, "The Blood Kiss", the stories are original to this anthology.

Shadows (anthology)

Shadows was a series of horror anthologies edited by Charles L. Grant, published by Doubleday from 1978 to 1991. Grant, a proponent of "quiet horror", initiated the series in order to offer readers a showcase of this kind of fiction. The short stories appearing in the Shadows largely dispensed with traditional Gothic settings, and had very little physical violence. Instead, they featured slow accumulations of dread through subtle omens, mostly taking place in everyday settings. While Grant himself was very adept at this kind of fiction, he contributed no stories to the anthologies, writing only the introductions and author profiles. The first volume in the series won the World Fantasy Award for Best Anthology.

The Museum of Horrors

The Museum of Horrors is an anthology of horror stories edited by Dennis Etchison. It was published by Leisure Books in October 2001. The anthology contains eighteen stories from members of the Horror Writers Association. The anthology itself won the 2002 World Fantasy Award for Best Anthology.

The Year's Best Horror Stories

The Year’s Best Horror Stories was a series of annual anthologies published by DAW Books in the U.S.from 1972 to 1994 under the successive editorships of Richard Davis from 1972 to 1975 (after a 1971-1973 series published by Sphere Books in the U.K.; the first volumes had the same contents, the U.S. second volume in 1974 drew stories from the second and third U.K. volumes, and the 1975 U.S. third volume was very different from the U.K's.; the U.S. third volume was published as a one-shot volume in the U.K. by Orbit Books in 1976), and of Gerald W. Page from 1976 to 1979, and Karl Edward Wagner from 1980 to 1994. The series was discontinued after Wagner's death. It was a companion to DAW’s The Annual World’s Best SF and The Year's Best Fantasy Stories, which performed a similar function for the science fiction and fantasy fields.

Each annual volume reprinted what in the opinion of the editor was the best horror short fiction appearing in the previous year. The series also aimed to discover and nurture new talent. It featured both occasionally recurring authors and writers new to the horror genre. Veterans among the contributing authors included Brian Lumley, Eddy C. Bertin, Kit Reed, R. Chetwynd-Hayes, Ramsey Campbell, Dennis Etchison, Richard Matheson, Robert Bloch, and Tanith Lee; some of the relative newcomers to the field featured were Stephen King, Al Sarrantonio, Lisa Tuttle, Jessica Amanda Salmonson, David Drake, Juleen Brantingham, and Nina Kiriki Hoffman.

World Fantasy Award—Anthology

The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction published in English during the previous calendar year. The awards have been described by book critics such as The Guardian as a "prestigious fantasy prize", and one of the three most prestigious speculative fiction awards, along with the Hugo and Nebula Awards (which cover both fantasy and science fiction). The World Fantasy Award—Anthology is given each year for anthologies of fantasy stories by multiple authors published in English. An anthology can have any number of editors, and works in the anthology may have been previously published; awards are also given out for collections of works by a single author in the Collection category. The Anthology category has been awarded annually since 1988, though from 1977 through 1987 anthologies were admissible as nominees in the Collection category. During the ten years they were admissible for that category they won the award seven times and represented 38 of the 56 nominations.World Fantasy Award nominees and winners are decided by attendees and judges at the annual World Fantasy Convention. A ballot is posted in June for attendees of the current and previous two conferences to determine two of the finalists, and a panel of five judges adds three or more nominees before voting on the overall winner. The panel of judges is typically made up of fantasy authors and is chosen each year by the World Fantasy Awards Administration, which has the power to break ties. The final results are presented at the World Fantasy Convention at the end of October. Winners were presented with a statue in the form of a bust of H. P. Lovecraft through the 2015 awards; more recent winners receive a statuette of a tree.During the 31 nomination years, 114 editors have had works nominated; 36 of them have won, including co-editors. Only four editors have won more than once. Ellen Datlow has won 8 times out of 34 nominations, the most of any editor; Terri Windling has won 6 times out of 18 nominations, all of the nominations as a co-editor with Datlow; Jack Dann has won twice out of five nominations; and Dennis Etchison has won twice out of 3 nominations. After Datlow and Windling, the editors with the most nominations are Stephen Jones, who has won once out of fourteen nominations, Gardner Dozois, who has won once out of six nominations, and David Sutton and Martin H. Greenberg, who each have been nominated six times without winning. Fifteen editors in total have been nominated more than twice.

World Fantasy Award—Collection

The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction published in English during the previous calendar year. The awards have been described by book critics such as The Guardian as a "prestigious fantasy prize", and one of the three most prestigious speculative fiction awards, along with the Hugo and Nebula Awards (which cover both fantasy and science fiction). The World Fantasy Award—Collection is given each year for collections of fantasy stories by a single author published in English. A collection can have any number of editors, and works in the collection may have been previously published; awards are also given out for anthologies of works by multiple authors in the Anthology category. The Collection category has been awarded annually since 1975, though from 1977 through 1987 anthologies were admissible as nominees. Anthologies were split into a separate category beginning in 1988; during the 10 years they were admissible they won the award 7 times and were 38 of the 56 nominations.World Fantasy Award nominees and winners are decided by attendees and judges at the annual World Fantasy Convention. A ballot is posted in June for attendees of the current and previous two conferences to determine two of the finalists, and a panel of five judges adds three or more nominees before voting on the overall winner. The panel of judges is typically made up of fantasy authors and is chosen each year by the World Fantasy Awards Administration, which has the power to break ties. The final results are presented at the World Fantasy Convention at the end of October. Winners were presented with a statue in the form of a bust of H. P. Lovecraft through the 2015 awards; more recent winners receive a statuette of a tree.During the 44 nomination years, 152 writers have had works nominated; 41 of them have won, including ties and co-authors. Only six writers or editors have won more than once. Jeffrey Ford has won the regular collection award three times out of four nominations, while Karen Joy Fowler, Lucius Shepard, and Gene Wolfe won the regular collection award twice, out of two, four, and two nominations, respectively. Charles L. Grant and Kirby McCauley won the award as editors of anthologies while those were eligible; Grant was nominated nine times as an editor and once for a collection, while McCauley won both times he was nominated for anthologies. Grant's ten nominations are the most of any writer or editor, followed by Ramsey Campbell, Harlan Ellison, and Charles de Lint at five, with two of Campbell's nominations coming for anthologies. Dennis Etchison, Stephen King, Fritz Leiber, Kelly Link, and Stuart David Schiff have had the most nominations without winning at four; one of Etchison's and all of Schiff's nominations were for anthologies.

World Fantasy Award—Short Fiction

The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction published in English during the previous calendar year. The awards have been described by book critics such as The Guardian as a "prestigious fantasy prize", and one of the three most prestigious speculative fiction awards, along with the Hugo and Nebula Awards (which cover both fantasy and science fiction). The World Fantasy Award—Short Fiction is given each year for fantasy short stories published in English. A work of fiction is defined by the organization as short fiction if it is 10,000 words or less in length; awards are also given out for longer pieces in the Novel and Long Fiction categories. The Short Fiction category has been awarded annually since 1975, though before 1982—when the category was instated—it was named "Best Short Fiction" and covered works of up to 40,000 words. It was then renamed "Best Short Story" until 2016, when it was renamed to the "Short Fiction" category.World Fantasy Award nominees and winners are decided by attendees and judges at the annual World Fantasy Convention. A ballot is posted in June for attendees of the current and previous two conferences to determine two of the finalists, and a panel of five judges adds three or more nominees before voting on the overall winner. The panel of judges is typically made up of fantasy authors and is chosen each year by the World Fantasy Awards Administration, which has the power to break ties. The final results are presented at the World Fantasy Convention at the end of October. Winners were presented with a statue in the form of a bust of H. P. Lovecraft through the 2015 awards; more recent winners receive a statuette of a tree.During the 44 nomination years, 160 authors have had works nominated; 44 of them have won, including ties and co-authors. Only five authors have won more than once: Ramsey Campbell and James Blaylock with two wins out of four nominations each, Stephen King won two out of three, and Tanith Lee and Fred Chappell won both times they were nominated. Of authors who have won at least once, Jeffrey Ford and Kelly Link have the most nominations at five, followed by Dennis Etchison and Avram Davidson, who along with Campbell and Blaylock received four nominations. Charles de Lint has the most nominations without winning at five; he is followed by Michael Swanwick, who has had four nominations without winning.

World Fantasy Convention

The World Fantasy Convention is an annual convention of professionals, collectors, and others interested in the field of fantasy. The World Fantasy Awards are presented at the event. Other features include an art show, a dealer's room, and an autograph reception.The convention was conceived and begun by T. E. D. Klein, Kirby McCauley and several others.

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