Denis Vasilyevich Davydov (Russian: Дени́с Васи́льевич Давы́дов, IPA: [dʲɪˈnʲis vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪtɕ dɐˈvɨdəf] (listen); 27 July [O.S. 16 July] 1784 – 4 May [O.S. 22 April] 1839) was a Russian soldier-poet of the Napoleonic Wars who invented a specific genre – hussar poetry noted for its hedonism and bravado – and spectacularly designed his own life to illustrate such poetry.
Davydov by George Dawe
|Born||27 July 1784|
|Died||4 May 1839 (aged 54)|
Simbirsk Governorate, Russia
|Known for||Hussar poetry|
Davydov stemmed from a great family of Russian nobility with Tatar roots. After gaining celebrity as an indefatigable guerrilla leader of the Russian Patriotic War, he became one of the most popular men in the country. Young men of Pushkin's circle viewed him as a model romantic hero and the Decembrists prized his company as well.
Davydov's poems read like a diary of the hussar and bon-vivant that he was. Admired by Belinsky for their organic quality and Russianness, they address such themes as courage in battle, harlots, vodka, and the value of true friendship. In them he sings the praise of reckless valor, on the field of battle as well as before the bottle.
The diction in some of his poems is rather unconventional, and occasionally his words have to be replaced by dots, but it is always full of spirit and great rhythmical go. His later poems are inspired by a late love for a very young girl. They are passionately sentimental and as vivid and alive in diction and rhythmical elasticity as his hussar verses. Pushkin had a high opinion of his poetry and used to say that Davydov showed him the way to be original.
The literary mask of a dashing hussar is belied by some of Davydov's lesser known writings, such as the anti-absolutism' poem 'Head and Feet', there he described the 'Tsar-Chevalry' relationes as the possibility of head to live its life only on and with feet.
He brought out an Essay towards a Theory of Guerilla Warfare (1821) and Some events from the life of Denis Vasilievich Davydov, a series of recollections on military life, used by Leo Tolstoy in writing War and Peace. Davydov even makes an appearance in Tolstoy's novel in the person of Vasily Denisov. According to D.S. Mirsky, "in his autobiography he indulges in a veritable orgy of puns and jokes not always in the best of taste. His military writings are fresh, vigorous, and racy; and his memoirs contain some of the best military reading in the language".
A Boeing 777-300ER operated by Russia's national airline Aeroflot is named "D. Davydov" as part of a tradition in naming their fleet after historical Russian figures. The name is printed as part of the aircraft's nose art.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).1839 in poetry
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).2012 World Sambo Championships
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Amphion (Russian: Амфион, pre-1917: Амфiонъ) was a Russian monthly literary magazine published in Moscow in 1815. Prose was but a small part of its genda; what prevailed there were odes, fables in verse, elegies and translations of classics like Horace, Titus Livius and Lucian. It was the first Russian magazine where serious critical analysis of poetry, prose, drama and theatre productions started to feature on regular basis.
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Davydov (Russian: Давыдов), or Davydova (feminine; Давыдова), is a surname common in Russia and Ukraine.
Alexander Davydov, Soviet and Ukrainian physicist
Alexander Lvovich Davydov, Russian major-general
Avgust Davydov, Russian mathematician and mechanic
Boris Davydov, Russian hydrographer and geodesist
Denis Davydov, Russian poet and leader in the partisan movement during the Patriotic War
Evgeny Davydov, Russian hockey player
Evgraf Davydov, Russian major-general
Ivan Davydov, Russian academician, professor of philosophy, Latin and Russian literature
Karl Davydov, Russian cellist, conductor, composer, and pedagogue
Konstantin Davydov, a Russian zoologist and embryologist
Kyrylo Davydov, (born 1988) Ukrainian footballer
Lev Davydov, Russian geographer and hydrographer
Nikolai Davydov (1921–1949), Soviet aircraft pilot and Hero of the Soviet Union
Serhiy Davydov, (born 1984) Ukrainian footballer
Stepan Davydov, Russian composer and singer
Vasili Davydov, member of the Decembrist movement
Vasily Davydov, Russian psychologist and educationist
Vasily Innokentyevich Davydov (1919–1968), Soviet army officer and Hero of the Soviet Union
Vera Davydova, Soviet singer and pedagogue
Viktor Davydov (1920–1952), Soviet aircraft pilot and Hero of the Soviet Union
Vitaly Davydov, Soviet hockey player
Vladimir Davydov, Russian actor
Yelena Davydova, Soviet gymnastDenis Davydov (disambiguation)
Denis Davydov may refer to
Denis Davydov (1784–1839), Russian soldier-poet of the Napoleonic Wars
Denis Davydov (footballer, born 1982), Russian professional football midfielder
Denis Davydov (footballer, born 1995), Russian professional football strikerDenis Davydov (footballer, born 1982)
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In 1919, the Bolsheviks had the church converted into a hospital. After the domes were torn down, the building was used as a cinema. The Russian Orthodox Church reclaimed the property in 1991. Restoration works took 15 years and involved a new set of frescos for the interior. A bust of poet Denis Davydov was placed in the church garden in 2004.