Dengfeng

Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; postal: Tengfeng) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, China. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng).

Dengfeng has an area of 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi) and a population of 630,000.[1] It occupies the southwestern corner of Zhengzhou and is its westernmost county-level division.

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth".

Dengfeng

登封市
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
Location in Zhengzhou
Location in Zhengzhou
Dengfeng is located in Henan
Dengfeng
Dengfeng
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°ECoordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityZhengzhou
Area
 • Total1,220 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population
 • Total630,000
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.dengfeng.gov.cn
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameHistoric Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth"
Includes
  1. Taishi Que Gates, Zhongue Temple
  2. Shaoshi Que Gates
  3. Qimu Que Gates
  4. Songye Temple Pagoda
  5. Architectural Complex of Shaolin Temple
  6. Huishan Temple
  7. Songyang Academy of Classical Learning
  8. Observatory
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(vi)
Reference1305rev
Inscription2010 (34th Session)
Area825 ha (2,040 acres)
Buffer zone3,438.1 ha (8,496 acres)

History

The first Xia Dynasty capital Yangcheng was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song.

The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditional origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng.

Sites

In 2010, UNESCO inscribed several of the most renowned sites across Dengfeng onto its World Heritage List under the title "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in 'The Centre of Heaven and Earth'."[2] The World Heritage Site includes several historic gates, temples (including the renowned Shaolin Temple), a Confucian academy and the Gaocheng Observatory:[3]

Shaolinsi
Shaolin Temple

Transportation

Gallery

Mt. Shaoshi Cliff - 少室山峭壁 - panoramio - Aaron Zhu

Mt. Shaoshi

The Observatory, Dengfeng, 2015-09-24 08

Gaocheng Observatory

The Dengfeng Observatory1

Dengfeng Observatory

Huishansi dadian

Huishan Temple

Songshan Shaolin (4)

Shaolin Temple

Shaolin Monk Cemetery - panoramio

Pagoda Forest, Shaolin temple

登封少室阙

Shaoshi Que

Songshanfawangsi

Fawang Temple

Fawang Temple Pagoda Dengfeng

Fawang temple Pagoda

Pagoda of Songyue Temple, 2015-09-25 20

Pagoda of Songyue temple

登封太室阙

Taishi Que

Училище Сунъян шуюань 1

Songyang Academy

中岳庙内2

Zhongyue Temple

Shaolinsi chuzuan dadian

Chuzu Temple

Medicine Monk Statue @ Shaolin Temple - panoramio

Monk Statue at Shaolin Temple

References

  1. ^ (in Chinese) Introduction to Dengfeng, official website of Dengfeng Government, visited on April 12, 2008.
  2. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Centre

External links

Dengfeng Subdistrict, Guangzhou

Dengfeng is a subdistrict of the Yuexiu District in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, southern China.

Dengfeng Tourist Railway

Dengfeng, China is building a 70 km (43 mi) Tourist Railway, the first phase of which is scheduled to open in 2020.

Expressways of Henan

Henan, a Chinese province on the central plain area, has an expansive network consisting of national-level and provincial level expressways. As of 2017, the province had 6,523 km (4,053 mi) of expressways. 99 out of the 109 county-level divisions of Henan has expressway connections.

Fawang Temple

Fawang Temple (Chinese: 法王寺) is a Chinese Buddhist temple located 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of the town of Dengfeng in Henan province, China. The temple is situated at the bottom of the Yuzhu Peak of Mount Song. This ancient temple features Chinese pagodas that were built during the Tang Dynasty (618–907). The most prominent of these early Tang era pagodas is a 40 m (131 ft) tall square-based stone tower with eaves, its ground floor measuring 7 m (23 ft) on each side with 2 m (6.5 ft) thick walls. Inside this pagoda is a shrine and a jade statue of the Buddha that was presented to the pagoda in 1409 by a member of the royal family stationed in Luoyang during the Ming Dynasty. This pagoda follows the similar design style of other Tang pagodas, such as multi-eaved, square-based Xumi Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda. Other Tang pagodas include three one-story pavilion style brick pagodas, each about 10 m (32 ft) high. Each one of these is capped with a conical roof with arc eaves. Other pagodas of the temple were built during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).

Gaocheng, Henan

Gaocheng (Chinese: 告成; pinyin: Gàochéng) is a town in Dengfeng, Henan province, China. As of 2018, it has 24 villages under its administration.

Gaocheng Astronomical Observatory

Gaocheng Astronomical Observatory, also known as the Dengfeng Observatory, is a World Heritage Site in Duke of Zhou's shrine, Gaocheng Town, near Dengfeng in Henan province, China. This site has a long tradition of astronomical observations, from the time of the Western Zhou up to the early Yuan dynasty. There is also a gnomon used for the Da Yan calendar in 729 AD and the great observatory of the Yuan Dynasty.

List of Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Henan

This list is of Major Sites Protected for their Historical and Cultural Value at the National Level in the Province of Henan, People's Republic of China.

List of administrative divisions of Henan

The administrative divisions of Henan, a province of the People's Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions.

Luohan quan

Luohan quan (Chinese: 罗汉拳), which means "Arhat fist", is a general name for all the styles of Chinese martial arts that are named after the Arhats, the holy Buddhist figures. Luohan style is the oldest and the representative style of Shaolin kung fu, so that the name Luohan quan is sometimes considered an equal name for the whole vast system of Shaolin Temple martial arts. The original roots of Luohan style date back to the early eras of Shaolin temple. In Shaolin temple, there are various Luohan styles. Besides the Shaolin Luohan styles, there are many Luohan-related styles that have been developed in many other areas of China. Shaolin Luohan 18 hands and Luohan quan are always praised as the root styles based on which most the Shaolin kung fu styles and many other non-Shaolin styles have been created.

Marquess Jing of Han

Marquess Jing of Han (Chinese: 韩景侯; pinyin: Hán Jǐnghóu) (died 400 BC), ancestral name Jì (姬), clan name Hán (韩), personal name Qían (虔), was the ruler of the State of Han between 408 BC until his death in 400 BC. Marquess Jing was the son of Wuzi of Han. It was during his rule that the State of Han became a recognized state. In the first year of his reign, he attacked the State of Zheng and took over Yongqiu in today's Qi County, Henan. The next year, his army lost to Zheng at Fushu in today's Dengfeng, Henan. In 403 BC, Marquess Jing, along with Marquess Wen of Wei and Marquess Lie of Zhao partitioned the powerful Jin state into the Han, Wei, and Zhao states marking the beginning of the Warring States Period and Han as an independent polity. King Weilie of Zhou was forced to elevate Jing's title from viscount to marquess. Marquess Jing then moved the capital of Han from Pingyang to Yangzhai. In 400 BC, the capital Yangzhai was subject to a siege by the Zheng army. Marquess Jing died later that year and was succeeded by his son Marquess Lie of Han.

Mount Song

Mount Song (Chinese: 嵩山; pinyin: Sōngshān) is a mountain in central China's Henan Province, along the southern bank of the Yellow River, that is known as the central mountain of the Five Great Mountains of China. Its summit is 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level.

Ren Changxia

Ren Changxia (February 8, 1964 – April 14, 2004) was a Chinese policewoman. After a distinguished career in Zhengzhou, she became the first female police chief in the province of Henan when she was named the director of Dengfeng Public security bureau in 2001. In the three years to follow, she carried out successful reform within her department, fought hard against local gangs (many with ties with corrupt government officials) and crimes, assisted poorer communities, and received over 3400 complainants in person.

Ren was killed in an apparent car accident. Upon receiving news of her death, over 200,000 Dengfeng citizens poured the streets to mourn her, even though she was only in Dengfeng for 3 years. Impressed by her influence in her community, top Chinese leaders Hu Jintao, Wen Jiabao and Luo Gan called for a national propaganda campaign to learn from her.

S32 Yongcheng–Dengfeng Expressway

The Yongcheng–Dengfeng Expressway (Chinese: 永城-登封高速公路) designated as S32 in Henan's expressway system, is 339-kilometre (211 mi) long regional expressway in Henan and Anhui (designated as S06 in Anhui), China.

S60 Shangqiu–Dengfeng Expressway

The Shangqiu–Dengfeng Expressway (Chinese: 商丘-登封高速公路), abbreviated as Shangdeng Expressway (Chinese: 商登高速) and designated as S60 in Henan's expressway system, is 222-kilometre (138 mi) long regional expressway in Henan, China.

S85 Zhengzhou–Shaolinsi Expressway

The Zhengzhou–Shaolinsi Expressway (Chinese: 郑州-少林寺高速公路), often referred to as Zhengshao Expressway (Chinese: 郑少高速) and designated as S85 in Henan's expressway system, is 53.3-kilometre (33.1 mi) long regional expressway in Henan, China.

Shaolin Monastery

The Shaolin Monastery (Chinese: 少林寺; pinyin: Shàolín sì), also known as the Shaolin Temple, is a Chan ("Zen") Buddhist temple in Dengfeng County, Henan Province, China. Believed to have been founded in the 5th century CE, the Shaolin Temple is the main temple of the Shaolin school of Buddhism to this day.

Shaolin Monastery and its Pagoda Forest were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010 as part of the "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng".

Teng Feng Fish Ball Museum

The Teng Feng Fish Ball Museum (Chinese: 登峰魚丸博物館; pinyin: Dēngfēng Yúwán Bówùguǎn) is a food museum about fish balls in Tamsui District, New Taipei, Taiwan.

Yongcheng

Yongcheng (Chinese: 永城; pinyin: Yǒngchéng) is county-level city in Henan province, China, and is the easternmost county-level division of the province, bordering Anhui province on all sides except the northwest and due north. Yongcheng has significant coal deposits and some insignificant magnet deposits. In 2014, Yongcheng was upgraded to a provincially directly administered city.

It is the former site of Shiyuan (柿园), the capital of Han-era Liang. It includes the excavated mausoleum of the fabulously wealthy Liu Wu, prince of Liang, now a museum (柿园汉墓) famed for its murals.

Zhengzhou

Zhengzhou is the capital of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the National Central Cities in China, the centre of Central Plains area and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province, as well as a major transportation hub in China (highway, railway, aviation, communication). The Zhengzhou metropolitan area (including Zhengzhou and Kaifeng) is the core area of the Central Plains Economic Zone.Zhengzhou is a National Civilized City, State-list Famous Historical and Culture City, one of the Eight Ancient Capital Cities and one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization, and the birthplace of the Yellow Emperor. Historically, Zhengzhou was the capital of China for a thousand years (five times). Currently, there are two World Cultural Heritage Sites (including 15 places) in Zhengzhou. The Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is China's first futures exchange, Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone is China's first Airport Economy Zone.The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River, and is one of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China. As a center of China's national transportation network, there are railways connecting Zhengzhou and Europe, and a bustling international airport (Asia, Europe, Africa, America, Oceania).Zhengzhou has a population of 10,120,000 inhabitants,and had a GDP of 1,014 billion(RMB) in 2018. The city is one of the main built-up areas of Henan region. Greater Zhengzhou was named as one of the 13 emerging mega-cities in China in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, and officially named as the eighth National Central City in 2017 by the central government in Beijing.In 2011, a Journeyman documentary showcased the developments of the Zhengdong New Area of Zhengzhou as a ghost city. However, by 2016, the district had over 1.42 million residents and became the financial hub of Henan Province.

City of Zhengzhou
Administrative divisions
Attractions
History
Culture and demographics
Universities
Transport
East
South Central
Southwest
North
Northeast
Northwest
Multiple regions
Prefecture-level cities
Sub-prefecture-level
city

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