The demographics of Winnipeg reveal the city to be a typically Canadian one: multicultural and multilingual. Winnipeg is also prominent in the size and ratio of its First Nations population, which plays an important part in the city's makeup. About 11% of Winnipeggers are of First Nations descent, which vastly exceeds the national average of 4.3%.
As of the Canada 2016 Census there were 705,244 people living in Winnipeg proper, with 778,489 living in the Winnipeg CMA. The median age of the population is 39 years old, 38 for men and 40 for women.
In 2011, Tagalog was officially the second most common mother tongue in Winnipeg, accounting for about 5% of the population, followed by French which is the mother-tongue for about 4% of the population.
The Aboriginal community is large in Winnipeg. Winnipeg not only has the highest percentage of Aboriginals (11.1%) for any major Canadian city (population 100,000+), but also has the highest total number of Aboriginals living off of the reserves in one city, despite only being the 7th largest city in Canada. There are 72,335 who live in Winnipeg as of 2011, approximately 20,000 more than 10 years ago. That number is more than 30,000 more Aboriginals than the second city with 41,985, which is Edmonton. Winnipeg also has the highest Metis population in both percentage (6.3%) and numbers (41,235), and the 4th highest First Nations percentage (4.6%), however the most in numbers (29,485).
Winnipeg also has the largest Filipino community ratio (8.7%) for any major Canadian city, however the city of Toronto has more Filipinos by total population (132,445) than Winnipeg (56,400). Winnipeg's Filipino population is largely concentrated in the West End and North End areas of the city. The neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Arlington Street is 45% Filipino, and the neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Wall Street is 47% Filipino.
Winnipeg also has the largest multiracial population of any large Canadian city - if Metis people are included in the counting. Metis people are of a mixed race background, however are not categorized with the "more than one visible minority" category on the 2011 National Household Survey; they have their own category. Nonetheless, there are 45,005 people of mixed race backgrounds in Winnipeg, making that both the highest ratio (6.9%) and in total numbers (Toronto is second with 42,795).
|Top 20 Ethnic Origins in the Winnipeg
CMA (2011; Total Responses)
|First Nations||40,010||5.6||First Nations||36,515||5.3|
|Total population||727,500||100||Total population||686,040||100|
|Visible minority and Aboriginal population|
|Population group||Population (2011)||% of total population (2011)||Population (2006)||% of total population (2006)|
|Visible minority group||South Asian||22,940||3.5%||15,080||2.4%|
|Visible minority, n.i.e.||1,495||0.2%||1,585||0.3%|
|Multiple visible minorities||3,770||0.6%||3,060||0.5%|
|Total visible minority population||139,190||21.4%||101,910||16.3%|
|Aboriginal group||First Nations||29,485||4.6%||24,950||4%|
|Multiple Aboriginal identities||745||0.1%||355||0.1%|
|Total Aboriginal population||72,335||11.1%||63,745||10.2%|
|Winnipeg Racial Demographics History |
|West Asian & Arab||0.3%||1,600||0.3%||1,880||0.6%||4,000||0.7%||4,640|
According to the 2011 National Household Survey, in the past 10 years (2001 to 2011), Winnipeg has had 62,200 immigrants, which is just under 10% of the population (9.6%). Most of which (44,780) came in the last 5 years.
|Immigrants by Place of Birth to Winnipeg (2006 to 2011) |
|Rank||Country||Population #||% of immigrants|
|7||United States of America||600||1.3%|
In 2001, 21% of Winnipeg was not religious, which has increased by about 8 percent in 10 years, as in 2011 28.7% of the population was not religious.
|Religions In Winnipeg |
|Religion||Population||Percent of Population|
|Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality||1,775||0.27%|
The 2011 National Household Survey data showed that Winnipeg's after-tax median household income was $50,537. This marking was slightly lower than the national average ($54,098), although is still in the bottom 10 of lowest median incomes in Canada. A study in 2013 showed that Winnipeg had two of the three poorest postal-code areas in all of Canada (R3A and R3B, both located in the inner-city) in regards to family income, in fact the two poorest that are located in cities (the poorest was a First Nations reserve in the Cape Breton area).
8,610 of Winnipeg's residents (who earn income) make and keep over $100,000 a year, which is 1.7% of the population. This ratio is higher nationally, at 2.6%.
The gender differences in income were less in Winnipeg by about 9% compared to the national medians. The median income for a male in Winnipeg is $31,300, where as for a female the median is $23,739. This means a male on average makes about 31.9% more money than a female. This ratio is 40.5% nationwide.
According to the 2011 National Household survey, for those aged 25 to 64;
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Manitoba:
Manitoba – Canadian prairie province. The province, with an area of 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi), has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other major industries are transportation, manufacturing, mining, forestry, energy, and tourism. Manitoba's capital and largest city is Winnipeg.
|Census in Canada|