Demographics of Serbia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Serbia; including vital statistics, ethnicity, religious affiliations, education level, health of the populace, and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Serbia
PopulationDecrease 7,020,858 (30 June 2017)[1]
Growth rateNegative increase −5.5 per 1,000 pop. (2017)[1]
Birth rateDecrease 9.2 per 1,000 pop. (2017)[1]
Death rateNegative increase 14.8 per 1,000 pop. (2017)[1]
Life expectancyIncrease 75.1 years (2016)[1]
 • male72.6 years
 • female77.7 years
Fertility rateIncrease 1,48 children born/woman (2016)[1]
Infant mortality ratePositive decrease 5.4 deaths/1,000 infants (2016)[1]
Net migration rateDecrease -1.6 migrant(s)/1,000 pop. (2011)
Age structure
0–14 yearsDecrease 14.4% (2016)[1]
15–64 yearsDecrease 66.4% (2016)[1]
65 and overIncrease 19.2% (2016)[1]
Sex ratio
At birth1.06 male(s)/female
Under 151.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years0.99 male(s)/female
65 and over0.72 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationalitynoun: Serbian(s) adjective: Serbian
Major ethnicSerbs Increase (83.3%)
Minor ethnicHungarians Decrease (3.5%)
Roma Increase (2.1%)
Bosniaks Increase (2%)
other minorities less than 1% respectively
Language
OfficialSerbian at national level;
Hungarian, Bosnian, Croatian, Slovakian, Albanian, Romanian and Rusyn are in official use in individual municipalities
SpokenSerbian Steady (88%)
Hungarian Decrease (3.4%)
Bosnian Increase (1.9%)
Romani Increase (1.4%)
other minority languages less than 1% respectively

History

Censuses in Serbia ordinarily take place every 10 years, organized by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. The Principality of Serbia had conducted the first population census in 1834; the subsequent censuses were conducted in 1841, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1854, 1859, 1863 and 1866 and 1874. During the era Kingdom of Serbia, six censuses were conducted in 1884, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905 and the last one being in 1910. During the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, censuses were conducted in 1931 and 1921; the census in 1941 was never conducted due to the outbreak of World War II. Socialist Yugoslavia conducted censuses in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, and 1991. The two most recent censuses were held in 2002 and 2011.

The years since the first 1834 Census saw frequent border changes of Serbia, first amidst the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary, then subsequent formation and later disintegration of Yugoslavia and, finally, recent self-proclaimed independence of Kosovo which affected territorial scope in which all these censuses have been conducted.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1834678,192—    
1841828,895+22.2%
1843859,545+3.7%
1846915,080+6.5%
1850956,893+4.6%
1854998,919+4.4%
18591,078,281+7.9%
18631,108,668+2.8%
18661,216,219+9.7%
18741,669,337+37.3%
18841,901,336+13.9%
18952,493,770+31.2%
19102,922,858+17.2%
19214,781,446+63.6%
19315,675,567+18.7%
19485,794,966+2.1%
19536,163,154+6.4%
19616,678,227+8.4%
19717,202,591+7.9%
19817,729,676+7.3%
19917,822,915+1.2%
20027,498,001−4.2%
20117,253,862−3.3%
20177,040,272−2.9%

Total fertility rate 1860-1949

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[2]

Year 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[2]
Total fertility rate 5.51 5.47 5.43 5.7 5.96 5.97 5.98 5.98 5.99 6 6
Year 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[2]
Total fertility rate 5.95 5.89 5.84 5.78 5.73 5.67 5.62 5.56 5.51 5.45
Year 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[2]
Total fertility rate 5.45 5.44 5.44 5.43 5.43 5.42 5.42 5.41 5.41 5.4
Year 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[2]
Total fertility rate 5.43 5.46 5.48 5.51 5.54 5.57 5.6 5.63 5.65 5.68
Year 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[2]
Total fertility rate 5.54 5.41 5.48 5.27 5.13 5 5.04 5.13 5.18 5.23
Year 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920[2]
Total fertility rate 5.18 5.14 5.1 5.05 5.01 4.96 4.92 4.88 4.83 4.79
Year 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930[2]
Total fertility rate 4.75 4.7 4.76 4.62 4.57 4.53 4.49 4.44 4.4 4.36
Year 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940[2]
Total fertility rate 4.31 4.27 4.22 4.18 4.14 4.09 4.05 4.01 3.96 3.92
Year 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949[2]
Total fertility rate 3.88 3.83 3.79 3.75 3.7 3.66 3.61 3.57 3.53

Vital statistics

Data for Serbia excluding Kosovo.

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate
1950 5 970 163 297 76 851 86 446 27.4 12.9 14.5 3,51
1951 6 043 145 197 80 034 65 163 24.0 13.2 10.8 3,07
1952 6 112 161 306 67 870 93 436 26.4 11.1 15.3 3,33
1953 6 188 151 672 68 168 83 504 24.5 11.0 13.5 3,03
1954 6 274 152 569 62 610 89 959 24.3 10.0 14.3 3,05
1955 6 358 140 396 65 179 75 217 22.1 10.3 11.8 2,81
1956 6 425 132 078 67 055 65 023 20.6 10.4 10.1 2,66
1957 6 481 118 535 64 885 53 650 18.3 10.0 8.3 2,38
1958 6 535 118 425 55 564 62 861 18.1 8.5 9.6 2,45
1959 6 585 114 872 60 850 54 022 17.4 9.2 8.2 2,40
1960 6 635 119 298 61 872 57 426 18.0 9.3 8.7 2,56
1961 6 693 115 222 57 990 57 232 17.2 8.7 8.6 2,51
1962 6 752 110 008 62 830 47 178 16.3 9.3 7.0 2,47
1963 6 809 108 324 57 778 50 546 15.9 8.5 7.4 2,46
1964 6 863 103 847 62 100 41 747 15.1 9.0 6.1 2,51
1965 6 916 106 699 58 856 47 843 15.4 8.5 6.9 2,43
1966 6 974 103 775 55 471 48 304 14.9 8.0 6.9 2,45
1967 7 027 103 491 62 915 40 576 14.7 9.0 5.8 2,40
1968 7 078 103 621 60 932 42 689 14.6 8.6 6.0 2,41
1969 7 127 105 478 68 152 37 326 14.8 9.6 5.2 2,27
1970 7 171 102 453 67 211 35 242 14.3 9.4 4.9 2,40
1971 7 214 104 070 65 872 38 198 14.4 9.1 5.3 2,30
1972 7 258 106 859 70 822 36 037 14.7 9.8 5.0 2,28
1973 7 303 108 361 67 152 41 209 14.8 9.2 5.6 2,31
1974 7 351 110 458 66 457 44 001 15.0 9.0 6.0 2,32
1975 7 401 112 945 69 590 43 355 15.3 9.4 5.9 2,35
1976 7 452 114 035 68 565 45 470 15.3 9.2 6.1 2,28
1977 7 503 111 510 68 924 42 586 14.9 9.2 5.7 2,26
1978 7 550 110 622 71 986 38 636 14.7 9.5 5.1 2,23
1979 7 611 109 953 72 306 37 647 14.4 9.5 4.9 2,14
1980 7 688 109 597 76 180 33 417 14.3 9.9 4.3 2,26
1981 7 729 103 407 78 086 25 321 13.4 10.1 3.3 2,24
1982 7 738 106 575 78 473 28 102 13.8 10.1 3.6 2,31
1983 7 747 108 003 83 506 24 497 13.9 10.8 3.2 2,23
1984 7 754 107 036 82 742 24 294 13.8 10.7 3.1 2,21
1985 7 759 101 938 81 836 20 102 13.1 10.5 2.6 2,22
1986 7 759 99 419 83 977 15 442 12.8 10.8 2.0 2,21
1987 7 757 98 279 83 426 14 853 12.7 10.8 1.9 2,24
1988 7 755 97 471 83 616 13 855 12.6 10.8 1.8 2,22
1989 7 773 91 270 85 256 6 014 11.7 11.0 0.8 2,09
1990 7 806 90 590 85 932 4 658 11.6 11.0 0.6 2,11
1991 7 836 90 378 89 072 1 306 11.5 11.4 0.2 1,80
1992 7 852 86 877 93 475 -6 598 11.1 11.9 -0.8 1,77
1993 7 848 87 931 95 121 -7 190 11.2 12.1 -0.9 1,90
1994 7 843 85 292 93 011 -7 719 10.9 11.9 -1.0 1,87
1995 7 837 86 236 93 933 -7 697 11.0 12.0 -1.0 1,70
1996 7 828 82 548 98 370 -15 822 10.5 12.6 -2.0 1,85
1997 7 831 79 716 98 068 -18 352 10.2 12.5 -2.3 1,76
1998 7 568 76 330 99 376 -23 046 10.1 13.1 -3.0 1,68
1999 7 540 72 222 101 444 -29 222 9.6 13.5 -3.9 1,62
2000 7 516 73 764 104 042 -30 278 9.8 13.8 -4.0 1,48
2001 7 503 78 435 99 008 -20 573 10.5 13.2 -2.7 1,58
2002 7 500 78 101 102 785 -24 684 10.4 13.7 -3.3 1,57
2003 7 481 79 025 103 946 -24 921 10.6 13.9 -3.3 1,59
2004 7 463 78 186 104 320 -26 134 10.5 14.0 -3.5 1,57
2005 7 441 72 180 106 771 -34 591 9.7 14.3 -4.6 1,45
2006 7 412 70 997 102 884 -31 887 9.6 13.9 -4.3 1,43
2007 7 382 68 102 102 805 -34 703 9.2 13.9 -4.7 1,38
2008 7 350 69 083 102 711 -33 628 9.4 14.0 -4.6 1,42
2009 7 321 70 299 104 000 -33 701 9.6 14.2 -4.6 1,45
2010 7 291 68 304 103 211 -34 907 9.4 14.2 -4.8 1,42
2011 7 234 65 598 102 935 -37 337 9.0 14.2 -5.2 1,41
2012 7 195 67 257 102 400 -35 143 9.3 14.1 -4.8 1,45
2013 7 163 65 554 100 300 -34 746 9.1 14.0 -4.9 1,44
2014 7 132 66 461 101 247 -34 786 9.3 14.1 -4.8 1,47
2015 7 095 65 657 103 678 -38 021 9.3 14.6 -5.3 1,47
2016 7 058 64 734 100 834 -36 100 9.2 14.3 -5.1 1,46
2017 7 020 64 894 103 722 -38 828 9.2 14.8 -5.6 1,48
2018 (p) 6 981 63 646 102 089 -38 443 9.1 14.6 -5.5 1,46

Source:[3]

Current vital statistics

  • Number of births from January 2018 = Decrease 4,473
  • Number of births from January 2019 = Increase 4,927
  • Number of deaths from January 2018 = Positive decrease 8,043
  • Number of deaths from January 2019 = Negative increase 8,672
  • Natural increase between January 2018 = Decrease -3,570
  • Natural increase between January 2019 = Decrease -3,745 [4]

Birth statistics by districts

2017 data[5]
District Population Live births Crude birth rate (‰)
City of Belgrade 1,687,132 18,000 10.7‰
Kolubara District 165,273 1,334 8.1‰
Mačva District 283,007 2,441 8.6‰
Moravica District 202,026 1,753 8.7‰
Pomoravlje District 202,025 1,435 7.1‰
Rasina District 226,808 1,772 7.8‰
Raška District 305,954 3,260 10.7‰
Šumadija District 284,957 2,390 8.4‰
Zlatibor District 271,080 2,358 8.7‰
Bor District 114,816 846 7.4‰
Braničevo District 170,207 1,284 7.5‰
Jablanica District 203,254 1,655 8.1‰
Nišava District 364,157 3,290 9.0‰
Pčinja District 198,671 1,980 10.0‰
Pirot District 85,964 645 7.5‰
Podunavlje District 189,091 1,469 7.8‰
Toplica District 85,287 758 8.9‰
Zaječar District 109,634 660 6.0‰
Central Banat District 177,308 1,561 8.8‰
North Bačka District 180,349 1,709 9.5‰
North Banat District 138,371 1,158 8.4‰
South Bačka District 617,949 6,529 10.6‰
South Banat District 281,203 2,500 8.9‰
Srem District 300,988 2,715 9.0‰
West Bačka District 175,347 1,392 7.9‰
Total 7,020,858 64,894 9.2‰

Birth rate by municipalities 1961-2017

Birth rates between 1961 and 2017 by municipalities (‰)[6]
Municipality 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2017
Novi Pazar 32.5 24.2 22.5 21.5 16.9 15.1 14.6
Tutin 36.3 32.3 27.0 21.5 18.8 17.4 14.5
Sjenica 34.2 26.8 18.3 20.0 12.7 11.9 12.9
Preševo 36.2 33.8 25.6 32.5 22.2 11.2 12.7
Savski venac 12.7 12.5 13.6 9.8 8.8 10.3 11.9
City of Novi Sad 18.4 15.1 15.5 11.9 10.8 12.2 11.7
Trgovište 28.0 19.0 11.4 14.6 8.7 6.1 11.5
Bujanovac 30.6 28.0 20.2 24.8 15.6 11.4 11.3
Zvezdara 15.9 17.6 15.4 10.3 10.8 11.4 11.2
Bojnik 18.0 15.4 11.1 12.7 11.7 9.9 11.1
Voždovac 17.4 17.2 13.6 10.3 8.8 10.5 10.9
Zemun 18.7 18.0 16.8 11.2 11.8 11.2 10.8
City of Belgrade 15.8 15.3 14.7 10.6 9.8 10.7 10.7
Čukarica 28.8 25.2 17.2 10.8 10.2 10.9 10.4
Žabalj 18.7 13.7 13.4 13.8 12.6 9.5 10.4
Vračar 10.6 10.8 12.2 8.5 8.7 10.8 10.3
City of Niš 17.1 15.3 13.7 11.8 10.1 9.5 9.7
City of Vranje 23.7 18.2 15.0 13.8 12.4 10.3 9.6
Bački Petrovac 16.9 10.5 12.1 10.9 9.2 9.6 9.6
Žitište 14.2 9.6 9.6 10.8 8.5 8.0 9.6
Grocka 16.1 14.6 16.9 11.7 10.3 10.5 9.5
Prijepolje 29.9 22.3 15.6 15.6 10.3 9.9 9.4
Loznica 23.6 17.2 15.1 12.0 10.3 8.0 9.4
Titel 17.8 13.1 12.1 12.5 9.6 10.0 9.3
Alibunar 15.7 12.0 10.7 10.6 8.1 6.8 9.3
City of Požarevac 14.5 13.4 12.4 12.5 12.1 9.7 9.3
Vrbas 20.4 16.5 16.8 12.6 10.5 10.0 9.2
Čačak 16.5 13.3 14.2 10.3 9.7 8.5 9.2
Arilje 16.5 12.6 11.4 11.9 10.8 9.5 9.2
Bor 15.1 16.1 12.9 12.1 10.3 8.6 9.2
Bela Palanka 13.5 10.1 9.8 9.6 7.2 7.3 9.2
Inđija 12.3 13.3 14.3 12.1 8.8 7.7 9.2
Šabac 17.4 14.2 15.5 12.4 10.4 8.7 9.0
Bačka Palanka 16.0 15.2 14.4 10.1 9.6 8.5 9.0
Ada 15.5 13.4 11.6 10.2 9.8 7.3 9.0
Čajetina 19.0 14.9 9.9 11.0 8.6 6.3 8.9
Bač 19.6 13.6 13.4 11.4 9.3 6.9 8.7
Valjevo 17.7 13.2 11.5 11.0 9.3 8.1 8.7
Krupanj 22.6 16.9 14.5 13.6 9.0 7.0 8.6
Zrenjanin 16.1 13.6 13.4 10.6 9.4 8.8 8.5
Beočin 21.5 15.2 14.0 15.2 11.5 9.0 8.4
City of Užice 20.0 17.0 13.9 12.0 9.3 8.5 8.4
Bečej 16.8 13.1 13.4 11.0 11.3 8.6 8.4
Žitorađa 15.7 16.0 9.6 11.2 10.5 8.4 8.4
Bajina Bašta 13.6 11.7 12.3 8.8 9.5 9.1 8.4
Vršac 17.7 12.0 13.6 12.6 10.3 8.9 8.3
Šid 10.9 12.5 13.2 12.3 8.4 8.4 8.3
Leskovac 21.0 15.7 13.0 12.2 10.9 8.3 8.2
Ub 17.8 11.7 11.2 11.0 9.4 6.9 8.2
Brus 19.6 15.4 12.7 9.9 7.9 7.1 8.1
Temerin 19.3 11.7 14.8 12.1 9.6 9.1 8.1
Ivanjica 18.3 14.6 12.2 11.9 9.9 7.2 8.1
Sombor 15.5 12.5 12.6 11.6 8.5 7.1 8.1
Irig 15.0 12.1 12.6 9.8 8.9 7.1 8.1
Bačka Topola 15.0 11.3 12.4 11.0 9.9 7.3 8.1
Blace 14.9 11.4 7.1 7.9 8.4 5.1 8.1
Gornji Milanovac 14.0 12.8 13.0 10.2 8.2 7.7 8.1
Ljubovija 26.0 16.6 13.7 12.5 10.2 8.3 8.0
Doljevac 18.9 14.2 11.9 12.4 9.6 6.9 8.0
Apatin 18.2 14.2 13.7 10.1 9.0 7.3 7.9
Požega 15.4 13.7 11.0 10.1 8.5 6.3 7.9
Vladičin Han 19.8 12.8 13.3 12.3 8.9 7.0 7.8
Bajina Bašta 20.5 15.8 12.2 10.5 9.4 7.0 7.7
Raška 17.3 15.8 13.6 10.1 10.5 7.4 7.6
Kraljevo 16.1 15.4 12.3 11.6 10.9 8.4 7.6
Kanjiža 15.8 12.4 12.7 9.7 8.3 8.5 7.6
Bogatić 15.7 12.9 12.3 10.7 9.1 7.4 7.6
Aleksinac 13.3 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.1 7.1 7.6
Aleksandrovac 18.5 14.2 11.9 10.1 9.3 6.8 7.5
Koceljeva 17.7 11.4 14.1 12.4 10.6 7.1 7.5
Mali Zvornik 23.7 16.6 16.6 12.9 9.2 7.7 7.4
Jagodina 16.0 14.3 11.4 11.3 11.1 9.5 7.4
Priboj 32.7 20.1 16.0 14.8 8.8 6.4 7.3
Bela Crkva 17.1 15.4 13.8 9.3 9.2 9.2 7.3
Batočina 14.5 9.2 12.4 11.6 10.6 7.1 7.3
Aranđelovac 16.0 14.5 12.5 12.0 9.2 8.8 7.2
Velika Plana 14.8 13.5 11.1 10.9 9.2 7.2 7.2
Vlasotince 21.2 15.4 11.8 12.9 9.9 7.1 7.1
Vrnjačka Banja 13.7 11.8 14.2 11.0 9.6 7.4 7.1
Nova Varoš 25.3 16.1 14.3 12.9 8.0 5.4 7.0
Čoka 16.6 11.4 10.7 11.6 9.3 6.0 7.0
Trstenik 14.2 11.4 12.5 10.3 8.2 6.4 6.9
Ćuprija 14.8 12.3 12.4 11.3 9.7 6.2 6.9
Ćićevac 13.0 10.7 13.0 9.4 9.8 5.2 6.9
Bosilegrad 18.9 14.7 11.5 9.7 8.2 5.3 6.7
Žabari 11.0 10.7 7.7 8.8 7.7 6.0 6.7
Žagubica 13.2 11.7 7.8 10.0 8.3 6.3 6.5
Vladimirci 17.6 11.2 11.2 11.8 7.9 7.0 6.3
Varvarin 13.4 12.1 1.6 9.3 9.1 7.0 6.3
Veliko Gradište 11.7 12.9 8.6 10.5 8.7 6.9 6.3
Topola 13.0 9.9 10.5 9.4 8.1 6.4 6.2
Babušnica 18.5 11.3 8.5 6.2 5.3 5.9 6.1
Golubac 13.5 12.3 8.6 9.8 9.3 5.9 6.1
Dimitrovgrad 13.0 9.3 9.0 7.2 7.1 4.7 6.0
Boljevac 13.4 9.0 8.3 9.9 8.1 5.0 5.8
Zaječar 11.8 11.5 11.2 10.0 8.2 7.2 5.8
Despotovac 15.9 12.3 10.6 9.4 8.9 7.2 5.6
Crna Trava 24.2 12.4 9.0 6.1 4.4 4.8 5.5
Gadžin Han 16.7 9.5 6.7 5.6 4.7 3.7 5.4
Total 17.2 14.4 13.4 11.5 10.5 9.0 9.2

Ethnic groups

Serbia Ethnic Map 2011
Ethnic map (2011 census)

Situated in the middle of the Balkans, Serbia is home to many different ethnic groups. According to the 2011 census, Serbs are the largest ethnic group in the country and constitute 83.3% of population. Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority in Serbia, concentrated predominately in northern Vojvodina and representing 3.5% of the country's population (13% in Vojvodina). Roma people constitute 2% of the total population but unofficial estimates put their actual number to be twice or three as high.[7] Bosniaks are third largest ethnic minority mainly inhabiting Raška region in southwestern part of the country. Other minority groups include Croats (0.9%), Slovaks (0.8%), Albanians, Montenegrins (0.5%), Romanians (0.4%), Macedonians (0.3%), and Bulgarians (0.3%). The Chinese[8][9] and Arabs, are the only two significant immigrant minorities.

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2011
Serbs
83.3%
Hungarians
3.5%
Roma
2.1%
Bosniaks
2%
Croats
0.8%
Slovaks
0.7%
other
5.3%
unspecified
2.2%
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census 2002[10] census 2011
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Serbs 4,651,819 80.2 4,963,070 80.4 5,477,670 82.0 5,788,547 80.4 5,972,661 77.3 6,616,917 80.3 6,212,838 82.9 5,988,150 83.3
Hungarians 433,618 7.5 441,748 7.2 449,377 6.7 430,145 6.0 390,321 5.0 337,479 4.5 293,299 3.9 253,899 3.5
Roma 40,951 0.7 46,896 0.8 6,624 0.1 35,301 0.5 76,833 1.0 90,853 1.2 108,193 1.4 147,604 2.1
Muslims 7,636 0.1 74,840 1.2 85,441 1.3 127,973 1.8 156,604 2.0 176,401 2.3 19,503 0.3 22,301 0.3
Bosniaks 136,087 1.8 145,278 2.0
Croats 164,574 2.8 167,045 2.7 189,158 2.8 176,649 2.5 140,650 1.8 97,344 1.2 70,602 0.9 57,900 0.8
Slovaks 73,138 1.3 75,006 1.2 77,816 1.2 76,707 1.1 73,170 0.9 65,363 0.9 59,021 0.8 52,750 0.7
Albanians 33,769 0.6 40,954 0.7 53,167 0.8 68,593 1.0 76,296 1.0 74,303 1.0 61,647 0.8 5,809 0.08
Montenegrins 46,810 0.8 54,718 0.9 67,165 1.0 93,705 1.3 120,438 1.6 117,761 1.6 69,049 0.9 38,527 0.5
Vlachs 93,440 1.6 28,047 0.5 1,367 0.0 14,719 0.2 25,592 0.3 15,675 0.2 40,054 0.5 35,330 0.5
Romanians 63,112 1.1 59,689 1.0 59,492 0.9 57,399 0.8 53,676 0.7 37,818 0.5 34,576 0.5 29,332 0.4
Yugoslavs 14,873 0.2 122,904 1.7 439,265 5.7 312,595 4.1 80,721 1.1 23,303 0.3
Macedonians 17,391 0.3 26,302 0.4 35,146 0.5 41,627 0.6 47,930 0.6 44,028 0.6 25,847 0.3 22,755 0.3
Bulgarians 59,395 1.0 60,146 1.0 58,243 0.9 53,536 0.7 33,294 0.4 26,416 0.3 20,497 0.3 18,543 0.3
Others[11]/unspecified 114,493 2.0 132,549 2.1 102,700 1.5 115,093 1.6 122,506 1.6 97,953 1.3 266,067 3.5 368,136 5.1
Total 5,936,223 6,171,010 6,678,239 7,202,898 7,729,236 8,010,906 7,498,001 7,186,862

Religion

Serbia-Religion-2002
Religion map (2002 census)

Serbia is largely a homogeneous Eastern Orthodox nation, with Catholic and Muslim minorities, among other smaller confessions.[12]

Orthodox Christians number 6,079,396 or 84.5% of country's population. The Serbian Orthodox Church is the largest and traditional church of the country, adherents of which are overwhelmingly Serbs. Other Orthodox Christian communities in Serbia include Montenegrins, Romanians, Vlachs, Macedonians and Bulgarians.

There are 356,957 Roman Catholics in Serbia, roughly 5% of the population, mostly in Vojvodina (especially its northern part) which is home to minority ethnic groups such as Hungarians, Croats, Bunjevci, Albanians, as well as to some Slovaks and Czechs.[12] Protestantism accounts for about 1% of the country's population, chiefly among Slovaks in Vojvodina as well as among Reformist Hungarians.

Muslims, with 222,282 or 3% of population, form third largest religious group. Islam has a strong historic following in the southern regions of Serbia, primarily in southern Raška. Bosniaks are the largest Islamic community in Serbia; estimates are that some third of country's Roma people are Muslim.

Languages

Serbia Language Map 2002
Linguistic map (2002 census)

The official language is Serbian, member of the South Slavic group of languages, and is native to 6,330,919 or 88% of the population.[13] Recognized minority languages are: Hungarian (mother tongue to 243,146 people or 3.4% of population), Slovak, Romanian, Bulgarian and Rusyn as well as Bosnian and Croatian which are completely mutual intelligible with Serbian. All these languages are in official use in municipalities or cities where more than a 15% of population consists of national minority.[14] In Vojvodina, provincial administration uses, besides Serbian, five other languages (Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian and Rusyn).

Largest cities

Name Population (2011)
Belgrade 1,233,796
Novi Sad 277,522
Niš 187,544
Kragujevac 150,835
Subotica 105,681

Migration

Immigration

Foreign citizens in Serbia in 2016.[15]

Temporary residence Permanent residence
# Country Population Country Population
1 China China 3,280 China China 1,232
2 Russia Russia 2,677 Romania Romania 1,162
3 Libya Libya 1,656 Russia Russia 620
4 North Macedonia Macedonia 1,386 North Macedonia Macedonia 516
5 Ukraine Ukraine 1,031 Ukraine Ukraine 340
Total 19,929 Total 6,684

Education

According to 2011 census, literacy in Serbia stands at 98% of population while computer literacy is at 49% (complete computer literacy is at 34.2%).[16] Same census showed the following levels of education: 16.2% of inhabitants have higher education (10.6% have bachelors or master's degrees, 5.6% have an associate degree), 49% have a secondary education, 20.7% have an elementary education, and 13.7% have not completed elementary education.[17]

Health

The life expectancy in Serbia at birth is 74.8 years, 71.9 for males and 77.7 for females.[18] Serbia has a comparatively old overall population (among the 10 oldest in the world), with the average age of 42.9 years.[19]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[20]
1950–1955 59.12
1955–1960 Increase 61.60
1960–1965 Increase 64.26
1965–1970 Increase 66.72
1970–1975 Increase 68.53
1975–1980 Increase 69.53
1980–1985 Increase 70.20
1985–1990 Increase 71.14
1990–1995 Increase 71.74
1995–2000 Increase 71.91
2000–2005 Increase 72.36
2005–2010 Increase 73.33
2010–2015 Increase 74.65

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population" (PDF). Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  3. ^ "Démographie des pays développés - Bases de données en ligne - Les chiffres - Ined - Institut national d'études démographiques". Ined.fr. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  4. ^ "Births and Deaths". Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Vesti – Zvaničan broj Roma u Srbiji". B92.net. 7 April 2009.
  8. ^ "Chinese Migrants Use Serbia as Gate to Europe". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  9. ^ V. Mijatović – B. Hadžić. "I Kinezi napuštaju Srbiju | Reportaže". Novosti.rs. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  10. ^ "Official Results of Serbian Census 2003–Population" (PDF). (441 KB), pp. 12-13 (in Serbian)
  11. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  12. ^ a b "Становништво, домаћинства и породице – база : Попис у Србији 2011". Popis2011.stat.rs. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  13. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  14. ^ "EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR REGIONAL OR MINORITY LANGUAGES" (PDF). Coe.int. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  17. ^ "Education stats in Serbia". Webrzs.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  18. ^ "Витални догађаји, 2016". Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  19. ^ "Процене становништва, 2016". Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  20. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.

Sources

Further reading

Catholic Church in Serbia

The Catholic Church in Serbia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome. There are 356,957 Catholics in Serbia according to the 2011 census, which is roughly 5% of the population. Catholics are mostly concentrated in several municipalities in northern Vojvodina, and are mostly members of ethnic minorities, such as Hungarians and Croats.

Demographic history of Serbia

This article presents the demographic history of Serbia through census results. See Demographics of Serbia for a more detailed overview of the current demographics from 2011 census.

Demographics of Belgrade

Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia.

Demographics of Kosovo

The Kosovo Agency of Statistics monitors various demographic features of the population of Kosovo, such as population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Censuses, normally conducted at ten-year intervals, record the demographic characteristics of the population. According to the first census conducted after the 2008 declaration of independence in 2011, the permanent population of Kosovo had reached 1,739,825, excluding North Kosovo.Albanians form the majority in Kosovo, with over 93% of the total population; significant minorities include Serbs and others. A 2015 estimate put Kosovo's population at 1,870,981.Kosovo has the youngest population in Europe. Half of its roughly 2-million-strong population is under the age of 25, according to a recent report of the UN Development Programme, UNDP. According to the government data, it is estimated that more than 65 percent of the population are younger than 30. While Kosovo's birth rate remains the highest in Europe, the only municipalities with population growth are Albanian minority enclaves in the south next to Kosovo.

Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro

Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro refers to demographics of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006), previously known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1992-2003). In 1992, after the dissolution of former Yugoslavia, two remaining Yugoslav federal units, the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro, formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, that was transformed in 2003 into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, lasting until its dissolution in 2006, when Serbia and Montenegro became independent states.

The total population of Serbia and Montenegro was 10,600,000 (Serbia - 9,981,929; Montenegro - 620,000). In 2000, in Serbia, 19.95% of the population was 14 and under (male 1,028,355; female 963,366); in Montenegro, it was 22.05% (male 77,582; female 72,395). 65.22% of Serbians (male 3,187,746; female 3,322,425) and 66.16% of Montenegrins (male 222,095; female 227,923) were between 15 and 64. 14.83% of Serbians (male 638,204; female 841,833) and 11.79% of Montenegrins (male 32,400; female 47,763) were 65 and over.

Estimates in 2000 placed Serbia's population growth rate at 0.739% and Montenegro's at -12.22%. The respective birth rates were 12.20/1000 (Serbia) and 14.9/1000 (Montenegro); death rates were 11.08/1000 (Serbia) and 7.9/1000 (Montenegro). The net migration rate was 6.29/1000 in Serbia and -29.18/1,000 in Montenegro. Total fertility rates were 1.7 children/woman in Serbia and 2.0 children/woman in Montenegro.

In 2000, Serbia's infant mortality rate was 20.13 deaths/1,000 live births; Montenegro's was 10.97 deaths/1,000 live births. Total life expectancy at birth was 72.39 years in Serbia (69.31 for males, 75.72 for females) and 75.46 in Montenegro (71.45 for males, 79.82 for females).

Ethnic groups in the region were represented as follows: Serb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Yugoslav 3.4%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 9.2% (as of 1001). In terms of religion, 65% of inhabitants were Eastern Orthodox, 19% Muslim, 4% Roman Catholic, 1% Protestant 1%, and 11% other. The main languages spoken in Serbia and Montenegro are Serbian, Albanian, Croatian, Bosnian and Hungarian.

In 2002, 96.4% of the population aged 15 and over could read and write (98.9% of males, 94.1% of females).

Demographics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

This article is about the demographics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during its existence from 1945 until 1991. With the dissolution of the state, the following nations now have their own demographic studies:

Demographics of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Demographics of Croatia

Demographics of Montenegro

Demographics of North Macedonia

Demographics of Serbia

Demographics of SloveniaFor the demography of the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1945), see Kingdom of Yugoslavia#Demographics.

Eastern Orthodoxy in Serbia

Eastern Orthodoxy is the main Christian denomination in Serbia, with 6,079,396 followers or 84.6% of the population, followed traditionally by the majority of Serbs, and also Romanians, Vlachs, Montenegrins, Macedonians and Bulgarians living in Serbia. The dominant Eastern Orthodox church in Serbia is the Serbian Orthodox Church. Also, by ancient agreements with Serbian Orthodox Church, Romanian Orthodox Church has its own Diocese of Dacia Felix that operates among Orthodox Romanians in Serbian Banat.

Outline of Serbia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Serbia:

Serbia – landlocked sovereign country located in Southeastern Europe and comprising the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain and a central portion of the Balkan Peninsula. Serbia is bordered by Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; the Republic of Macedonia and constitutionally only, Albania (via Kosovo, a disputed territory over which Serbia has no control, thus no direct access to Albania) to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the west. The capital of Serbia is Belgrade.

For centuries, shaped at cultural boundaries between East and West, a powerful medieval kingdom – later renamed the Serbian Empire – occupied much of the Balkans. Torn by domestic feuds, Ottoman, Hungarian, and later, Austrian incursions, the Serbian state collapsed by the mid-16th century. The positive outcome of the Serbian revolution in 1817 marked the birth of modern Serbia. Within a century it reacquired Kosovo, Raška and Vardar Macedonia from the Ottoman Empire. Likewise, in 1918 the former autonomous Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina proclaimed its secession from Austria-Hungary to unite with Serbia, preceded by the Syrmia region.

The current borders of the country were established following the end of World War II, when Serbia became a federal unit within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Serbia became an independent state again in 2006, after Montenegro left the union that formed after the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1990s.

In February 2008, the parliament of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia. Serbia's government, as well as the UN Security Council, have not recognized Kosovo's independence. The response from the international community has been mixed.

Serbia is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, and the Council of Europe, and is an associate member of the European Union.

Serbians

Serbians (Serbian: Србијанци / Srbijanci) is a demonym for the inhabitants of Serbia, most often used for the country's ethnic Serbs, though correctly used for citizens regardless of ethnicity. In Serbian, Srbijanci is used for Serbs from Serbia, or in a narrow sense, Serbs from Central Serbia. The term thus excludes ethnic Serbs in the neighboring countries, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Macedonia, for which the term Srbin (pl. Srbi) is used. In English, there has been confusion over the usage between the two, with the term "Serbians" sometimes erroneously applied to ethnic Serbs outside Serbia (such as "Bosnian Serbians" for Bosnian Serbs). Likewise, the term "Serbs" has been erroneously applied to citizens of Serbia regardless of their ethnicity.The term Srbijanci has been considered offensive by some, as it is mostly used in Croatia and province of Vojvodina. It has been noted that this type of demonym is only present in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia (notably, as opposed to neighbouring Albania and Croatia) — French people are French, whether living in France or in the diaspora, whether ethnic French or not, Italian people are Italian, etc.In the 1852 Serbian Dictionary, the entry includes the following:

Srbijanac – čovek iz Srbije (man from Serbia); Srbijanski – koji je iz Srbije (which is from Serbia)

A popular Serbian folk song has the refrain " ...jelek (vest), anterija (short vest), and opanci (traditional moccasins), is how you recognize a Srbijanac (Serbian)...", describing the Serbian folk costume.Variant terms like Old Serbians (Serbian: Старосрбијанци / Starosrbijanci) and Southern Serbians (Serbian: Јужносрбијанци / Južnosrbijanci) were used as designations for populations from historical regions of Old Serbia, and Vardar Macedonia respectively.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia

The Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Републички завод за статистику Србије) is a specialized, professional organization within the public administration of the Republic of Serbia.

Yugoslavs

Yugoslavs or Yugoslavians (Serbo-Croatian: Jugoslaveni/Југославени, Jugosloveni/Југословени; Macedonian: Југословени; Slovene: Jugoslovani) is a designation that was originally designed to refer to a united South Slavic people. It has been used in two connotations, the first in an ethnic or supra-ethnic connotation, and the second as a term for citizens of the former Yugoslavia. Cultural and political advocates of Yugoslav identity have historically ascribed the identity to be applicable to all people of South Slav heritage, including those of today's Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia. Attempts at uniting Bulgaria into Yugoslavia were however unsuccessful and therefore Bulgarians were not included in the panethnic identification.

Since the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia and the establishment of South Slavic nation states, the term ethnic Yugoslavs has been used to refer to those who exclusively view themselves as Yugoslavs with no other ethnic self-identification, many of these being of mixed ancestry.In late 19th and early 20th century, influential public intellectuals Jovan Cvijić and Vladimir Dvorniković advocated that Yugoslavs, as a supra-ethnic nation, had "many tribal ethnicities, such as Croats, Serbs, and others within it".In the SFR Yugoslavia, the official designation for those who declared themselves simply as Yugoslav was with quotation marks, "Yugoslavs" (introduced in census 1971). The quotation marks were originally meant to distinguish Yugoslav ethnicity from Yugoslav citizenship – which was written without quotation marks. The majority of those who had once identified as ethnic "Yugoslavs" reverted to or adopted traditional ethnic and national identities. Some also decided to turn to sub-national regional identifications, especially in multi-ethnic historical regions like Istria, Vojvodina, or Bosnia (hence Bosnians). The Yugoslav designation, however, continues to be used by many, especially by the descendants of Yugoslav migrants in the United States, Canada and Australia while the country still existed.

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