Demographics of Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is the middle province of Canada's three Prairie Provinces. It has an area of 651,900 km² (251,700 mi²) and a population of 1,117,503 (Saskatchewanians) as of January 2014. Most of its population lives in the southern half of the province. The most populous city is Saskatoon with a population of 260,600 (2011) in the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), followed by the province's capital, Regina with a population of 210,556 (2011) in the CMA. The province's population makeup is also notable for German being the largest European ethnic group and also for the largest proportion of people of indigenous descent of any of the provinces.

Population since 1901

Sask pop
Saskatchewan's population since 1901
Year Population Five-year
% change
Ten-year
% change
Rank among
provinces
1901 91,279 n/a n/a 8
1911 492,432 n/a 439.5 3
1921 757,510 n/a 53.8 3
1931 921,785 n/a 21.7 3
1941 895,992 n/a -2.8 3
1951 831,728 n/a -7.2 5
1956 880,665 5.9 n/a 5
1961 925,181 5.1 11.2 5
1966 955,344 3.3 8.5 6
1971 926,242 -3.0 0.1 6
1976 921,325 -0.5 3.6 6
1981 968,313 5.1 4.5 6
1986 1,009,613 4.3 9.6 6
1991 988,928 -2.0 2.1 6
1996 976,615 -1.2 -3.3 6
2001 978,933 0.2 -1.0 6
2006 985,386 0.7 0.9 6
2011 1,053,960 7.0 7.6 6
2016 1,098,352 6.3 11.4 6

Source: Statistics Canada.[1][2]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 779,665 72.8%
Visible minority group
Source:[3]
South Asian 29,960 2.8%
Chinese 15,545 1.5%
Black 14,925 1.4%
Filipino 32,340 3%
Latin American 4,195 0.4%
Arab 4,300 0.4%
Southeast Asian 5,745 0.5%
West Asian 2,065 0.2%
Korean 1,875 0.2%
Japanese 955 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 1,150 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 2,820 0.3%
Total visible minority population 115,875 10.8%
Aboriginal group
Source:[4]
First Nations 114,570 10.7%
Métis 57,880 5.4%
Inuit 360 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 905 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 1305 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 175,020 16.3%
Total population 1,070,560 100%

Ethnic origins

Note: The following statistics include a combination of individual and multiple responses from the 2001 Census, and therefore do not add up to 100%.[5]

Due to the emigration of its non-indigenous peoples' population and the high birthrate of the aboriginal population it is estimated that by 2045 aboriginal people (including both Métis and First Nations) will make up just under a third of the province's population. [3]

Languages

The 2006 census showed a population of 968,157. Of the 946,250 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the languages most commonly reported were:

Language 2006 % 2001 %
1. English 811,275 85.7% 817,955 85.8%
2. German 28,555 3.0% 32,515 3.4%
3. Algonquian languages 26,525 2.8% 23,735 2.5%
Cree 24,255 2.6% 22,055 2.1%
Ojibway 1,745 0.2% 1,375 0.1%
4. Ukrainian 16,350 1.7% 19,650 2.1%
5. French 16,060 1.7% 17,775 1.9%
6. Chinese 7,475 0.8% 6,015 0.6%
Cantonese 1,720 0.2% 1,425 0.2%
Mandarin 715 0.1% 395 <0.1%
7. Athapaskan languages 7,145 0.8% 6,315 0.7%
Dene 7,135 0.8% 6,310 0.7%
8. Polish 2,510 0.4% 3,015 0.3%
9. Hungarian 2,190 0.2% 2,700 0.3%
10. Tagalog (Filipino/Pilipino) 2,170 0.2% 1,545 0.2%
11. Dutch 1,785 0.2% 1,930 0.20%
12. Scandinavian languages 1,690 0.2% 2,320 0.2%
Norwegian 830 0.1% 1,260 0.1%
Danish 420 <0.1% 430 0.1%
Swedish 355 <0.1% 525 0.1%
13. Arabic 1,525 0.12% 1,090 0.11%
14. Russian 1,400 0.2% 1,440 0.2%
15. Vietnamese 1,305 0.1% 1,390 0.2%
16. Serbo-Croatian languages 1,250 0.1% 1,235 0.1%
Croatian 450 0.1% 435 0.1%
Bosnian 335 <0.1% N N
Serbian 270 <0.1% 210 <0.1%
Serbo-Croatian 195 <0.1% 590 0.1%
17. Greek 1,060 0.1% 980 0.1%
18. Panjabi (Punjabi) 850 0.1% 540 0.1%
19. Persian 785 0.1% 415 <0.1%
20. Romanian 770 0.1% 775 0.1%
21. Italian 735 0.1% 895 0.1%
22. Korean 675 0.1% 425 <0.1%
23. Germanic languages n.i.e. 605 0.1% 375 <0.1%
24. Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 410 <0.1% 345 <0.1%
25. African languages n.i.e. 405 <0.1% 130 0.01%
26. Portuguese 380 <0.1% 405 <0.1%
27. Finnish 365 <0.1% 435 <0.1%
28. Hindi 355 <0.1% 320 <0.1%
29. Lao 340 <0.1% 275 0.03%
30. Urdu 330 <0.1% 425 <0.1%
31= Bantu languages 325 <0.1% 170 <0.1%
Swahili 105 <0.1% 110 <0.1%
31= Czech 325 <0.1% 415 <0.1%
33. Berber 310 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
34. Japanese 290 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
35. Niger–Congo languages n.i.e. 285 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
36. Tigrigna 215 <0.1% 190 <0.1%
37= Gujarati 210 <0.1% 225 0.02%
37= Slovak 210 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
37= Somali 210 <0.1% 35 ~
40. Bengali 190 <0.1% 70 <0.1%

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also 175 single-language responses for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 170 for Amharic; 155 for Turkish; 140 for Sinhala; 135 for Slavic languages n.i.e.; 130 for Slovenian; 120 for Pashto; 115 for Malay; 115 for Malayalam; 115 for Thai; 110 for Ilocano; 110 for Khmer; 100 for Celtic languages; and 100 for Sino-Tibetan languages n.i.e. In addition there were also 6,080 responses of both English and a non-official language; 245 of both French and a non-official language; 1,130 of both English and French; and 140 of English, French and a non-official language. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[6]

Migration

Immigration

The 2016 Canadian census counted a total of 112,490 immigrants living in Saskatchewan, 47,935 of whom arrived in the previous 5 years.
The most commonly reported countries of birth for all immigrants living in Saskatchewan were:[7]

1. Philippines 26,865
2. India 9,630
3. China 7,485
4. United Kingdom 7,020
5. Pakistan 6,860
6. United States 4,845
7. Ukraine 3,280
8. Vietnam 2,620
=9. Germany 2,575
=9. Bangladesh 2,575
11. South Africa 1,775
12. Nigeria 1,695
13. Poland 1,390
14. Mexico 1,330
15. Netherlands 1,220
16. Iraq 1,175
17. Syria 1,155
18. South Korea 1,125
19. Ireland 840
20. Jamaica 815

There were also about 800 immigrants from Russia; 785 from Iran; 770 from Hong Kong; 695 from Romania; 635 from Ethiopia and Somalia; 630 from El Salvador; 605 from Greece; 595 from Eritrea; 585 from Serbia; 570 from Italy; 560 from Myanmar; and 555 from Colombia;

Internal migration

Net cumulative interprovincial migration, 1997 to 2017, as a share of population, 2016
Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

A total of 81,535 people moved to Saskatchewan from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 131,845 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 42,000 people to Alberta, 4,980 to British Columbia, and 4,570 to Ontario; as well as a net influx of 940 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, and 610 people from Manitoba. During this period there was a net outmigration of 775 francophones to Alberta, 545 to Quebec, 170 to Ontario, and 125 to British Columbia; as well as a net influx of 180 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

Religion

According to the Canada 2001 Census, the most practiced religions in the province were:[10]

With increase immigration from highly religious countries such as the Philippines, the Christian population continues to rise, particularly the Catholic denomination, as well as small amounts of Protestants. 151,455 people declared themselves as without religion.

See also

SK
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References

  1. ^ The history of Saskatchewan's population from Statistics Canada
  2. ^ Canada's population Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  3. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2016 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  4. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  5. ^ Ethnic origins from Statistics Canada
  6. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  7. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Place of Birth (272), Age (7A) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
  8. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census) Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2001 census)
  10. ^ Statistics Canada. "Population by religion, by province and territory (2001 Census) (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan)". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
Culture of Saskatchewan

Culture of Saskatchewan views the patterns of human activity in the central prairie province of Canada examining the way people live in the geography, climate, and social context of Saskatchewan.

First Nations and fur traders adopted a transhumance and hunting and gathering lifestyle to fulfill their economic and sustenance needs. Early homesteaders and settlers in the 19th and early 20th centuries likewise spent the majority of their time proving up their homesteads, tilling the land and providing subsistence agricultural products for their families. The early 20th century developed successful agricultural practices, and society rejoiced in the Roaring Twenties. The depression and drought years of the dirty thirties took agricultural sustenance away. Electricity became established throughout the various Saskatchewan regions. The economy saw a growth not only in the agricultural sector, but labour was freed up to also pursue choices other than agriculture. A major breakthrough was seen in the arts and culture scene in Saskatchewan from the 1940s onward. Arts and cultural activities before this date were of the main on a family, individual and unpaid level. Local schools would host plays, family or tribal members would engage in handcrafts of various sorts which may become heirlooms, communities would come together for engagement in various sports activities for recreation. The Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences prepared the Massey Report in the early 1950s. This commission noted the strengths and weakness of the cultural community and led to the establishment of the Canada Council which promoted burgeoning talent.

The Saskatchewan government also showed support on a cultural level, with the creation of the Arts Board, and promotion of the Golden Jubilee celebrations hosted in 1955.

Outline of Canada

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Canada:

Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest, and marine borders with France and Greenland on the east and northeast, respectively.

The lands have been inhabited for millennia by various groups of aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War.

In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of additional provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom, highlighted by the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and culminating in the Canada Act in 1982 which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has a long and complex relationship.

Outline of Saskatchewan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saskatchewan:

Saskatchewan – central prairie province in Canada, with an area of 588,276 square kilometres (227,100 sq mi), bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota. Saskatchewan was first explored by Europeans in 1690 and settled in 1774; prior to that, it was populated by several indigenous tribes. It became a province in 1905. Saskatchewan's major industries are agriculture, mining, and energy. The province's name is derived from the Saskatchewan River. The river is designated kisiskāciwani-sīpiy ("swift flowing river") in the Cree language.

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