Demographics of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the largest ethnic group consists of people of Scottish descent (39.2%), followed by English (31.1%), Irish (30.4%), French (21.1%), German (5.2%), and Dutch (3.1%) descent. Prince Edward Island is mostly a white community and there are few visible minorities. Chinese people are the largest visible minority group of Prince Edward Island, comprising 1.3% of the province's population. Almost half of respondents identified their ethnicity as "Canadian." Prince Edward Island is by a strong margin the most Celtic and specifically the most Scottish province in Canada and perhaps the most Scottish place (ethnically) in the world, outside Scotland. 38% of islanders claim Scottish ancestry, but this is an underestimate and it is thought that almost 50% of islanders have Scottish roots. When combined with Irish and Welsh, almost 80% of islanders are of some Celtic stock, albeit most families have resided in PEI for at least two centuries. Few places outside Europe can claim such a homogenous Celtic ethnic background. The only other jurisdiction in North America with such a high percentage of British Isles heritage is Newfoundland.
|City||2016||2011||2006||Land Area km²||Density /km²|
All statistics according to Canada 2016 Census, unless otherwise specified
|Town||Population||Population (2011)||Population Ranking||Land Area km2||Area Ranking||Density /km2||Density Ranking|
|Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)|
|Population group||Population||% of total population|
|Not a visible minority||132,375||98.6%|
|Visible minority group
|Visible minority, n.i.e.||60||0%|
|Multiple visible minority||25||0%|
|Total visible minority population||1,825||1.4%|
|Multiple Aboriginal identity||10||0%|
|Total Aboriginal population||1,730||1.3%|
|North American Indian||2,360||1.77%|
|British, not included elsewhere||210|
There were also 30 single-language responses for Greek and Niger-Congo languages n.i.e.; 25 for Russian; 20 for Ukrainian; 15 for Finnish, Germanic languages n.i.e., Inuktitut, Maltese, Persian and Tagalog; and 10 for Czech, Estonian, Portuguese, Slovenian, Turkish and Vietnamese. In addition, there were also 105 responses of English and a non-official language; 25 of French and a non-official language; 495 of English and French; and 10 of English, French, and a non-official language. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)
There were also about fifty-five immigrants from Denmark; about fifty each from India, Japan, and Poland; about forty-five each from Hungary, Sierra Leone, and Syria; and about thirty-five from Zimbabwe.
A total of 16,205 people moved to Prince Edward Island from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 15,445 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 1,450 people to Alberta; and a net influx of 700 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, 530 from Ontario, 295 from Nova Scotia, 180 from New Brunswick, 150 from British Columbia, and 110 from Manitoba. During this period there was also a net outmigration of 165 francophones to Quebec, and a net influx of 145 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)
|Protestant not included elsewhere||5,105||3.8%|
|Christian not included elsewhere||3,210||2.4%|
|Christian Reformed Church||205||0.2%|
|Brethren in Christ||165||0.1%|
|Orthodox not included elsewhere||70||0.1%|
|Evangelical Missionary Church||10||0.0%|
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Canada:
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest, and marine borders with France and Greenland on the east and northeast, respectively.
The lands have been inhabited for millennia by various groups of aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War.
In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of additional provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom, highlighted by the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and culminating in the Canada Act in 1982 which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.
Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has a long and complex relationship.Outline of Prince Edward Island
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Prince Edward Island:
Prince Edward Island – Canadian province consisting of an island of the same name, as well as other islands. It is one of the three Maritime provinces and is the smallest in the nation in land area and in population. According to the 2011 census, the province of Prince Edward Island has 140,204 residents. It is located approximately 200 km north of Halifax, Nova Scotia and 600 km east of Quebec City. It consists of the main island plus 231 minor islands.