Demographics of Ontario

Ontario, one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province by a large margin, accounting for nearly 40 percent of all Canadians, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto.

Vital statistics

Birth Rate: 10.8/1,000 people [1]

Death Rate: 7.1/1,000 people [2]

Life Expectancy at birth: 81 years (2006 est) [3]

Infant Mortality rate: 5.2 (2007 est) [4]

Historic populations since 1851

Year Population 5 year
% change
10 year
% change
% Canadian
population
1851 952,004 - - 39.0%
1861 1,396,091 - 46.6% 43.2%
1871 1,620,851 - 16.1% 43.9%
1881 1,926,922 - 18.8% 45.4%
1891 2,114,321 - 9.7% 48.9%
1901 2,182,947 - 3.2% 40.6%
1911 2,527,292 - 15.8% 35.1%
1921 2,933,662 - 16.1% 33.4%
1931 3,431,683 - 17.0% 33.1%
1941 3,787,655 - 10.4% 32.9%
1951 4,597,542 - 21.3% 32.8%
1956 5,404,933 17.6% - 33.6%
1961 6,236,092 15.4% 35.6% 34.2%
1966 6,960,870 11.6% 28.8% 34.9%
1971 7,703,105 10.7% 23.5% 35.7%
1976 8,264,465 7.3% 18.7% 35.9%
1981 8,625,107 4.4% 12.0% 35.4%
1986 9,101,695 5.5% 10.1% 36.0%
1991 10,084,885 10.8% 16.9% 36.9%
1996 10,753,573 10.7% 18.2% 37.3%
2001 11,410,046 6.1% 13.2% 38.0%
2006 12,160,282 6.6% 13.1% 38.4%
2011 12,851,821 5.7% 12.6% 38.4%
2016 13,448,494 4.6% 9.6% 38.3%

Source: Statistics Canada [5]

Age structure

Age Groups Total Male Female
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,944
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520

[6]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 8,982,180 67.8%
Visible minority group
Source:[7]
South Asian 1,150,415 8.7%
Chinese 754,550 5.7%
Black 627,715 4.7%
Filipino 311,675 2.4%
Latin American 195,950 1.5%
Arab 210,435 1.6%
Southeast Asian 133,855 1%
West Asian 154,670 1.2%
Korean 88,935 0.7%
Japanese 30,830 0.2%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 81,130 0.6%
Multiple visible minority 97,970 0.7%
Total visible minority population 3,885,585 29.3%
Aboriginal group
First Nations 236,680 1.8%
Métis 120,585 0.9%
Inuit 3,860 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 7,540 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 5,730 0%
Total Aboriginal population 374,395 2.8%
Total population 13,242,160 100%

Ethnic groups

As of 2016 census.[8]

Ethnic group Responses %
Canadian 3,109,770 23.48
English 2,808,810 21.21
Scottish 2,107,290 15.91
Irish 2,095,465 15.82
French 1,349,255 10.19
German 1,189,670 8.98
Italian 931,805 7.04
Chinese 849,340 6.41
East Indian 774,495 5.85
Dutch (Netherlands) 527,750 3.99
Polish 523,490 3.95
North American Indian 385,505 2.91
Ukrainian 376,440 2.84
Filipino 337,760 2.55
Portuguese 324,930 2.45
British, not included
elsewhere
323,180 2.44
Jamaican 257,055 1.94
Russian 220,850 1.67
Welsh 198,470 1.50
Spanish 171,145 1.29
Hungarian (Magyar) 163,500 1.23
Pakistani 149,060 1.13
Greek 148,555 1.12
American (USA) 140,165 1.06
Métis 137,485 1.04

Note: The table takes dual responses (for example if someone is French-Canadian he/she would be added to both French and Canadian). Some places of one's ethnic origin do not refer to a single specified country of origin, i.e. Spanish refers to people from Spanish speaking countries such as Colombia, Spain, Mexico, Cuba and others; or East Indian where the respondents origin could be from Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, etc.; and the list contains about 200 nationalities known to reside in the province. However, there are options for the respondent to identify the country alone.

Future Projections

Ethnic Origin by Regional Group Population in 2016[9] Percent of 13,448,494 Population in 2036[10][11] Percent of 16,944,000
European origins 8,982,180 67.8% 9,235,000 54.5%
South and West Asian origins 1,305,085 9.9% 2,562,000 15.1%
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,319,845 10% 2,254,000 13.3%
African origins 627,715 4.7% 1,093,000 6.5%
Aboriginal origins 374,395 2.8% 616,000 3.6%
Arab origins 210,435 1.6% 468,000 2.8%
Latin, Central and South American origins 195,950 1.5% 352,000 2.1%
Other 179,100 1.3% 363,000 2.1%
*Percentages total more than 100% due to multiple responses, e.g. German-East Indian, Norwegian-Irish-Polish

Migration

Immigration

Ontario is a very diverse province. For example, 54.8% of the population of Toronto was born outside Canada,[12] which is the second-largest percentage of immigrants in a single city on Earth, after Miami. Hamilton is ranked the third-most diverse urbanized area in Canada (after Toronto and Vancouver).

Interprovincial Migration

Net cumulative interprovincial migration, 1997 to 2017, as a share of population, 2016
Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

Ontario's interprovincial migration rate have shifted over they years. It was negative in the 1970s, positive in the 1980s, but then negative again in the 1990s. It went back to the positive in around the time of the turn of the millenium for a few years, but has been in the negatives constantly from 2003 to 2015, and has been in the positives since then. Over the period from 1971 to 2015, Ontario was the province who experience the second lowest levels of interprovincial in-migration and out-migration, second only to Quebec.[13]

Interprovincial migration in Ontario
In-migrants Out-migrants Net migration
2007 / 2008 61,718 76,468 -14,750
2008 / 2009 57,458 73,059 -15,601
2009 / 2010 59,741 64,403 -4,662
2010 / 2011 58,317 62,324 -4,007
2011 / 2012 60,459 71,070 -10,611
2012 / 2013 54,678 68,579 -13,901
2013 / 2014 57,415 71,979 -14,564
2014 / 2015 62,874 71,569 -8,695
2015 / 2016 71,790 62,713 9,077
2016 / 2017 83,913 58,224 25,689

Mother tongue

Mother tongue Responses %
English 8,902,320 66.87
French 490,715 3.68
Mandarin 283,735 2.13
Cantonese 275,315 2.07
Italian 231,040 1.74
Panjabi (Punjabi) 197,060 1.48
Spanish 191,025 1.43
Arabic 171,370 1.29
Urdu 152,385 1.14
Portuguese 150,000 1.13
Tagalog (Filipino) 163,415 1.23
German 131,525 0.99

Religious groups

Religion in Ontario
Religion in Ontario in 2011, Statscan National Household Survey [3]
Christian denominations in Canada
Religion People %
Total 12,651,795 100
Christian 8,167,295 64.6
No Religious Affiliation 2,927,790 23.1
Muslim 581,950 4.6
Hindu 366,720 2.9
Jewish 195,540 1.5
Sikh 179,765 1.4
Buddhist 163,750 1.3
Traditional Aboriginal (Spirituality) 15,905 0.1
Other Religions 53,080 0.4
  • Of Christian faith: Catholic at 3,976,610 (31.4%); United Church 952,465 (7.5%); Anglican 774,560 (6.1%); Presbyterian 319,585 (2.5%); Christian Orthodox 297,710 (2.4%); Baptist 244,650 (1.9%); Pentecostal 213,945 (1.7%); Lutheran 163,460 (1.3%); Other Christian 1,224,300 (9.7%)

Source: Statistics Canada [7] StatsCan 2011 National Household Survey

Census Metropolitan Areas

City 2016 [14] 2011 [15] 2006 [16] 2001 [17] 1996 [18] 1991 [18]
Toronto 5,928,040 5,583,064 5,113,149 4,682,897 4,263,757 3,898,933
Ottawa-Gatineau 1,323,783 1,236,324 1,130,761 1,063,664 1,010,498 941,814
Hamilton 747,545 721,053 692,911 662,401 624,360 599,760
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 523,894 477,160 451,235 414,284 382,940 356,421
London 494,069 474,786 457,720 432,451 398,616 381,522
St. Catharines-Niagara 406,074 392,184 390,317 377,009 372,406 364,552
Oshawa 379,848 356,177 330,594 296,298 268,773 240,104
Windsor 329,144 319,246 323,342 307,877 278,685 262,075
Barrie 197,059 187,013 177,061 148,480 118,695 97,150
Greater Sudbury 164,689 160,770 158,258 155,601 160,488 157,613
Kingston 161,175 159,561 152,358 146,838 143,416 136,401
Guelph 151,984 141,097 127,009 117,344 105,420 97,667
Brantford 134,203 135,501 124,607 86,417 100,238 97,106
Peterborough 121,721 118,975 |102,423 100,193 98,060 -
Thunder Bay 121,621 121,596 122,907 121,986 125,562 124,925
Belleville 103,472 101,668 91,518 87,395 87,871 -

See also

ON
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2010-08-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2010-08-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2017-10-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Province/Territory". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables - Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Ontario, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Ontario [Province]". Statistics Canada. November 29, 2017. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  10. ^ "Population by visible minority group, place of residence and projection scenario, Canada, 2011 and 2036". Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  11. ^ "Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 17, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  12. ^ "TMMIS - Committees" (PDF). Toronto.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Interprovincial Migration in Canada: Quebeckers Vote with Their Feet" (PDF). www.fraserinstitute.org. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  14. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  18. ^ a b "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Metropolitan : Areas in Decreasing Order of 1996 Population, 1991 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". Statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
Geography of Ontario

Ontario is located in East/Central Canada. It is Canada's second largest province in total land area. Its physical features vary greatly from the Mixedwood Plains in the southeast to the boreal forests and tundra in the north. Ontario borders Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east, and the Great Lakes and the United States to the south. The province is named for Great Lake Ontario, an adaptation of the Iroquois word Onitariio, meaning "beautiful lake", or Kanadario, variously translated as "beautiful water". There are approximately 250,000 lakes and over 100,000 kilometres (62,000 mi) of rivers in the province.

Almost 94% of the population is concentrated within Southern Ontario, where the population was over 12,100,000 in the 2006 census. The Golden Horseshoe is the most populous part of Southern Ontario with a population of 8,102,163.

Outline of Canada

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Canada:

Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest, and marine borders with France and Greenland on the east and northeast, respectively.

The lands have been inhabited for millennia by various groups of aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War.

In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of additional provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom, highlighted by the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and culminating in the Canada Act in 1982 which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has a long and complex relationship.

Outline of Ontario

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ontario:

Ontario – one of the provinces of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province or territory and fourth largest in total area. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto.

Demographics of Canada (by province or territory)
Provinces
Territories
Ethnic
ancestry
Demographics
Culture
and society
List of
Canadians

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