Demographics of Nunavut

Nunavut is a territory of Canada. It has a land area of 1,877,787.62 km2 (725,017.85 sq mi).[1] In the 2016 census the population was 35,944,[1] up 12.7% from the 2011 census figure of 31,906.[2] In 2006, the latest year for which figures are available, 24,630 people identified themselves as Inuit (84.1% of the total population), 100 as North American Indian (0.3%), 130 Métis (0.4%) and 4,410 as non-aboriginal (15.1%).[3]

Nunavut's small and sparse population makes it unlikely the territory will be granted provincial status in the foreseeable future, although this may change if the Yukon, which is marginally less populous, becomes a province.

NU
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

Historical population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
199624,730—    
200126,745+8.1%
200629,474+10.2%
201131,906+8.3%
201635,944+12.7%
[4][5]

Communities with more than 1,000 people

Municipality 2011 %
change
2006 %
change
2001 %
change
Iqaluita[6][7][8] 6,699 8.3 6,184 18.1 5,236 24.1
Arviat[9][10][11] 2,318 12.5 2,060 8.5 1,899 21.8
Rankin Inleta[12][13][14] 2,266 -3.9 2,358 8.3 2,177 5.8
Baker Lake[15][16][17] 1,872 8.3 1,728 14.7 1,507 8.8
Cambridge Baya[18][19][20] 1,608 8.9 1,477 12.8 1,309 -3.1
Pond Inlet[21][22][23] 1,549 17.8 1,315 7.8 1,220 5.7
Igloolik[24][25][26] 1,454 -5.5 1,538 19.6 1,286 5.5
Kugluktuk[27][28][29] 1,450 11.4 1,320 7.4 1,212 0.9
Pangnirtung[30][31][32] 1,425 7.5 1,325 3.8 1,276 2.7
Cape Dorset[33][34][35] 1,363 10.3 1,236 7.7 1,148 2.7
Gjoa Haven[36][37][38] 1,279 20.2 1,064 10.8 960 9.2

Language

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 29,474.[2]

Of the 29,025 singular responses to the census question concerning 'mother tongue' the languages most commonly reported were:

1. Inuktitutb 20,185 69.54%
2. Englishb 7,765 26.75%
3. Frenchb 370 1.27%
4. Inuinnaqtunb 295 1.02%
5. Malayo-Polynesian languages 65 0.22%
Tagalog 45 0.16%
6= Chinese 40 0.14%
Cantonese 10 0.03%
Mandarin 10 0.03%
6= German 40 0.14%
8. Spanish 30 0.10%
9= Algonquian languages 20 0.07%
Cree 20 0.07%
9= Athabaskan languages 20 0.07%
Dogrib 10 0.03%

There were also 260 responses of both English and a 'non-official language' (mainly Inuktitut); 20 of both French and a 'non-official language; 20 of both English and French; and about 140 people who either did not respond to the question, or reported multiple non-official languages, or else gave some other unenumerated response. Only English and French were counted as official languages in the census. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[39]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 4,120 11.6%
Visible minority group
Source:[40]
South Asian 115 0.3%
Chinese 75 0.2%
Black 330 0.9%
Filipino 230 0.6%
Latin American 40 0.1%
Arab 40 0.1%
Southeast Asian 30 0.1%
West Asian 10 0%
Korean 10 0%
Japanese 10 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 20 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 10 0%
Total visible minority population 905 2.5%
Aboriginal group
Source:[41]
First Nations 190 0.5%
Métis 165 0.5%
Inuit 30,135 84.7%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 10 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 55 0.2%
Total Aboriginal population 30,555 85.9%
Total population 35,580 100%

The majority of Nunavut residents identifying as White (61%), First Nations (58%), Metis (58%), and Visible Minority (65%) live in the capital city of Iqaluit.

Religion

The dominant religion in Nunavut is Christianity; Catholicism, Anglicanism and Pentecostalism are highly prevalent.

Traditionally, Inuit shamanism has always been a taboo subject in Inuit culture, not openly talked about. Shamans didn't make it known they were one, but the group or clan they were a part of knew.

Religious beliefs in the 2001 census[42]
Religion Adherents % of the population
Catholic 6,215 23.30
Protestant 17,785 66.69
Christian Orthodox 20 0.07
Other Christian 835 3.13
Muslim 25 0.09
Jewish 10 0.04
Buddhist 15 0.06
Eastern religions 60 0.22
Other religions 40 0.15
No religious affiliation 1,655 6.21
Total 26,670 100.00

Migration

While there is some internal migration from the rest of Canada to Nunavut (usually on a temporary basis), there is very little external migration from outside of Canada to Nunavut.

The 2006 census counted a total of only about 450 immigrants in Nunavut, including about 80 from the United Kingdom, about 40 each from the United States and the Philippines, about 30 from Germany, about 20 each from China and India, and just over 10 each from Jamaica and South Africa.[43]

A total of 4,940 people moved to Nunavut from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 5,615 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net influx of 355 from Newfoundland and Labrador; and a net outmigration of 355 to Alberta, 295 to the Northwest Territories, 235 to Ontario and 160 to Quebec. There was a net outmigration of 150 francophones from Nunavut to Quebec during this period. (All net inter-provincial and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given).[44][45]

Age

The median age in Nunavut is 25.1 years, according to the 2016 census. This is significantly younger than the median age of Canada (41.2 years). Those aged 65 years and over account for 3.8% of the population.

See also

Notes

  • ^a Iqaluit is both the capital of Nunavut and the regional centre for the Qikiqtaaluk Region, while Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay are the regional centres for the Kivalliq and Kitikmeot Regions respectively.
  • ^b Official language of Nunavut

References

  1. ^ a b StatCan. "Canada Census 2011". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b StatCan. "Canada Census 2016". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  3. ^ StatCan (2006). "2006 Aboriginal Population Profile". Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  4. ^ [1], 2001 Community Profiles
  5. ^ [2], Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses
  6. ^ 2011 Census Profile Iqaluit
  7. ^ 2006 Census Profile Iqaluit
  8. ^ 2001 Census Profile Iqaluit
  9. ^ 2011 Census Profile Arviat
  10. ^ 2006 Census Profile Arviat
  11. ^ 2001 Census Profile Arviat
  12. ^ 2011 Census Profile Rankin Inlet
  13. ^ 2006 Census Profile Rankin Inlet
  14. ^ 2001 Census Profile Rankin Inlet
  15. ^ 2011 Census Profile Baker Lake
  16. ^ 2006 Census Profile Baker Lake
  17. ^ 2001 Census Profile Baker Lake
  18. ^ 2011 Census Profile Cambridge Bay
  19. ^ 2006 Census Profile Cambridge Bay
  20. ^ 2001 Census Profile Cambridge Bay
  21. ^ 2011 Census Profile Pond Inlet
  22. ^ 2006 Census Profile Pond Inlet
  23. ^ 2001 Census Profile Pond Inlet
  24. ^ 2011 Census Profile Igloolik
  25. ^ 2006 Census Profile Igloolik
  26. ^ 2001 Census Profile Igloolik
  27. ^ 2011 Census Profile Kugluktuk
  28. ^ 2006 Census Profile Kugluktuk
  29. ^ 2001 Census Profile Kugluktuk
  30. ^ 2011 Census Profile Pangnirtung
  31. ^ 2006 Census Profile Pangnirtung
  32. ^ 2001 Census Profile Pangnirtung
  33. ^ 2011 Census Profile Cape Dorset
  34. ^ 2006 Census Profile Cape Dorset
  35. ^ 2001 Census Profile Cape Dorset
  36. ^ 2011 Census Profile Gjoa Haven
  37. ^ 2006 Census Profile Gjoa Haven
  38. ^ 2001 Census Profile Gjoa Haven
  39. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  40. ^ [3], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  41. ^ [4], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  42. ^ StatCan. "Canada Census 2001". Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  43. ^ "Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006007". 2007.
  44. ^ "Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-556-XCB2006010". 2007.
  45. ^ "Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-F0008-XCB2001005". 2002.
Outline of Canada

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Canada:

Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest, and marine borders with France and Greenland on the east and northeast, respectively.

The lands have been inhabited for millennia by various groups of aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War.

In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of additional provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom, highlighted by the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and culminating in the Canada Act in 1982 which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has a long and complex relationship.

Core topics
Kitikmeot Region
Kivalliq Region
Qikiqtaaluk Region
National Parks
Territorial Parks
Canadian people
Ethnic
ancestry
Demographics
Culture
and society
List of
Canadians
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Territories

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