Population of British Columbia (2016): 4,648,055
Percentage of National Population: 13.2% (unchanged)
Population Growth Rate: 5.6%
Death rate: 2.3 deaths per 1,000
British Columbia has a very diverse ethnic population. First-generation immigrants from the British Isles remain a strong component of local society despite limitations on immigration from Britain since the ending of special status for British subjects in the 1960s. Also present in large numbers relative to other cities in Canada (except Toronto), and also present in BC ever since the province was first settled (unlike Toronto), are many European ethnicities of the first and second generation, notably Germans, Ukrainians, Scandinavians, Yugoslavs and Italians; third-generation Europeans are generally of mixed lineage, and traditionally intermarried with other ethnic groups more than in any other Canadian province.
In recent decades, the proportion of those of Chinese and Indian ethnicity has risen sharply, though still outnumbered by the historically-strong population of those of German ancestry. Visible minorities have become an important factor in ethnic-based politics, though most visible minorities are less numerous than the long-standing non-British European ethnicities making up BC's "invisible minorities".
Note: The following statistics represent both single (e.g., "German") and multiple (e.g., "part Chinese, part English") responses to the 2006 and 2016 Census, and thus add up to more than 100%.
|Ethnic Origin||Population (2016)||Percent (2016)||Population (2006)||Percent (2006)|
|Ethnic Origin by Regional Group||Population in 2016||Percent of 4,560,240||Population in 2036||Percent of 5,709,000|
|East and Southeast Asian origins||820,065||18%||1,339,000||23.5%|
|South and West Asian origins||414,400||9.1%||712,000||12.5%|
|Latin, Central and South American origins||44,115||1%||91,000||1.6%|
|*Percentages total more than 100% due to multiple responses, e.g. German-East Indian, Norwegian-Irish-Polish|
|Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)|
|Population group||Population||% of total population|
|Visible minority group
|Visible minority, n.i.e.||8,760||0.2%|
|Multiple visible minority||40,465||0.9%|
|Total visible minority population||1,381,235||30.3%|
|Multiple Aboriginal identity||4,350||0.1%|
|Total Aboriginal population||270,585||5.9%|
British Columbia has traditionally been gaining population from interprovincial migration. Over the last 46 years, British Columbia only had 12 years of negative interprovincial immigration: the lowest in the country. The only time they significantly lost population to this phenomenon was during the 1990s, when they were in the negatives for 5 consecutive years.
|2007 / 2008||57,396||42,753||14,643|
|2008 / 2009||51,061||41,066||9,995|
|2009 / 2010||49,469||40,741||8,728|
|2010 / 2011||47,854||44,433||3,421|
|2011 / 2012||48,593||51,304||-2,711|
|2012 / 2013||43,830||45,698||-1,868|
|2013 / 2014||52,281||42,806||9,475|
|2014 / 2015||61,026||40,647||20,379|
|2015 / 2016||63,788||37,215||26,573|
|2016 / 2017||59,583||43,420||16,163|
Source: Statistics Canada
The largest denominations by number of adherents according to the 2011 census were Christianity with 1,930,415 (44.6%); Irreligion (atheist, agnostic, and so on.) with 1,908,285 (44.1%); Sikhism with 201,110 (4.7%); Buddhism with 90,620(2.1%); Islam with 79,310 (1.8%); and Hinduism with 45,795 (1.1%).
|Population by religion, Canada and BC
|No religious affiliation||7,850,605||23.9%||1,908,285||44.1%|
|Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality||64,935||0.2%||10,295||0.2%|
|Source: Statistics Canada 2011 Census|
Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses. Numerous other languages were also counted, but only languages with more than 2,000 native speakers are shown.
|Mother Tongue||2016 Census||%||2006 Census||%|
|Source: Statistics Canada 2006 & 2016 Census|
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The Indo-Canadian community in British Columbia was first established in 1897. The first immigrants originated from Punjab, British India, a region and state in modern-day India and Pakistan. Most Punjabis originally settled in rural British Columbia at the turn of the twentieth century, working in sawmills and the agricultural sector.
As their numbers grew anti-"Hindu" sentiment increased among the Whites living in the province and they were prevented from voting beginning in 1908. Originally Indo-Canadian settlement was predominately male; large numbers of women and children began arriving in the 1940s. Around that time the Indo-Canadians were given the right to vote, and therefore they began to enter British Columbia political life.
In the later half of the 20th Century many Indo-Canadians transitioned into living in urban areas as the economic vitality of the sawmill industry, and therefore the vitality of their rural British Columbia communities, declined.List of communities in British Columbia
Communities in the province of British Columbia, Canada can include incorporated municipalities, Indian reserves, unincorporated communities or localities. Unincorporated communities can be further classified as recreational or urban.Outline of British Columbia
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to British Columbia:
British Columbia – westernmost of Canada's provinces. It lies between the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the province of Alberta to the east. British Columbia was the sixth province to join the Canadian Confederation.Outline of Canada
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Canada:
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area, and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest, and marine borders with France and Greenland on the east and northeast, respectively.
The lands have been inhabited for millennia by various groups of aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War.
In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of additional provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom, highlighted by the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and culminating in the Canada Act in 1982 which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.
Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has a long and complex relationship.