Defensive Runs Saved

Defensive Runs Saved (DRS) is a baseball statistic that measures the number of runs a player saved or cost his team on defense relative to an average player.[1][2] Any positive number is above average, and the best fielders typically fall into a range of 15–20 for a season.[3] The statistic was developed by Baseball Info Solutions and the data used in calculating it first became available in 2003.[4][5]

As of the end of the 2017 Major League Baseball season, the record for most Defensive Runs Saved in a single season was held by center fielder Kevin Kiermaier, who saved 42 runs in 2015.[6] Matt Kemp set the record for fewest Defensive Runs Saved in a season when he cost the Los Angeles Dodgers 33 runs as a center fielder in 2010.[7] Third baseman Adrián Beltré has the most Defensive Runs Saved in a career with 212.[8] Former New York Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter has the distinction of being the worst fielder ever measured by DRS; he accumulated -152 Defensive Runs Saved between 2003 and the end of his career.[9]

Fielding percentage is the statistic that has traditionally been used to measure defensive ability, but it fails to account of a fielder's range. Fielders with ample range on defense are able to make plays that most players would not have the chance to make. Defensive Runs Saved was created to take into account range when measuring a player's defensive ability. The table below shows a comparison between the top 10 shortstops in terms of fielding percentage and the top 10 shortstops in terms of defensive runs saved from 2002 to 2017. The table shows that only three players appear on both lists, exemplifying that there is a difference in what the two statistics measure.[10]

To calculate Defensive Runs Saved, for each ball hit, points are either added or subtracted to the fielder's rating depending on whether or not they make the play. For example, if a ball hit to the center fielder is expected to be caught 30 percent of the time, and it is caught, the fielder gains 0.7 points. If the center fielder does not catch the ball, he loses 0.3 points. [11]

Top 10 Shortstops (2002-2017)
Defensive Runs Saved (Shortstops) Fielding Percentage (Shortstops)
Adam Everett Jimmy Rollins
Andrelton Simmons Troy Tulowitzki
Brandon Crawford Adeiny Hechavarria
Brendan Ryan Andrelton Simmons
Cesar Izturis Royce Clayton
Clint Barnes Trevor Story
J.J. Hardy Jhonny Peralta
Jack Wilson J.J. Hardy
Troy Tulowitzki Francisco Lindor
Zack Cozart David Eckstein


  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about Plus/Minus and Runs Saved". Archived from the original on October 26, 2012.
  2. ^ Slowinski, Steve (February 15, 2010). "DRS". Archived from the original on October 26, 2012.
  3. ^ Johns, Greg (October 25, 2012). "Ryan wins Fielding Bible Award at short". Archived from the original on October 26, 2012.
  4. ^ Simon, Mark (July 9, 2012). "Surprise! Why Chipper rates well on D". Archived from the original on October 26, 2012.
  5. ^ "Position Player WAR Calculations and Details". Sports Reference. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Kevin Kiermaier Statistics". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  7. ^ "Major League Leaderboards » 2010 » All Positions » Fielding Statistics". FanGraphs. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Major League Leaderboards » 2017 » All Positions » Fielding Statistics". FanGraphs. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Major League Leaderboards » 2017 » All Positions » Fielding Statistics". FanGraphs. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  10. ^ "What is a Fielding Percentage (FPCT)? | Glossary". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  11. ^ "What is a Defensive Runs Saved (DRS)? | Glossary". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
Andrelton Simmons

Andrelton A. Simmons (born September 4, 1989) is a Curaçaoan professional baseball shortstop for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB). He stands 6' 2" and weighs 195 lbs. He previously played in MLB for the Atlanta Braves. Drawing considerable attention for his defensive abilities, Simmons has won four Rawlings Gold Glove Awards for shortstops, a Wilson MLB Overall Defensive Player of the Year Award, and six Fielding Bible Awards.

DJ LeMahieu

David John LeMahieu (; born July 13, 1988) is an American professional baseball second baseman for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Chicago Cubs and Colorado Rockies.

The Cubs selected LeMahieu in the second round of the 2009 MLB draft, and he made his MLB debut for the Cubs in 2011 before being traded to the Rockies before the 2012 season. LeMahieu won a Gold Glove Award in 2014, 2017, and 2018 and was named an MLB All-Star in 2015 and 2017, and won the National League batting title in 2016. After becoming a free agent, he signed with the Yankees before the 2019 season, where he has played as a third baseman, second baseman and occasionally as a first baseman. He was also selected as a starter for the American League in the 2019 All-Star game.

Ender Inciarte

Ender David Inciarte Montiel (born October 29, 1990) is a Venezuelan professional baseball outfielder for the Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Arizona Diamondbacks.

Harrison Bader

Harrison Joseph Bader (born June 3, 1994) is an American professional baseball outfielder for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB). He attended the University of Florida and played college baseball for the Florida Gators. Bader made his MLB debut in 2017.

Ian Kinsler

Ian Michael Kinsler (born June 22, 1982) is an American professional baseball second baseman for the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Texas Rangers, Detroit Tigers, Los Angeles Angels, and Boston Red Sox. With the Red Sox, he won the 2018 World Series over the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Despite having been drafted in only the 17th round out of college, Kinsler has risen to become a four-time All-Star, and a member of the Sporting News' 2009 list of the 50 greatest current players in baseball. He is known as a five-tool player, hitting for average and power, and excelling in baserunning, throwing, and fielding.Kinsler has twice hit 30 home runs and stolen 30 bases in the same season (2009 and 2011), and is one of 12 ballplayers in major league history who have had multiple 30–30 club seasons. In 2011, he also joined the 20–20 club for the third time, one season shy of the major league record for a second baseman. He hit for the cycle in a game in 2009, while getting hits in all six of his at bats.

Through 2013, Kinsler led the Texas Rangers, all-time, career-wise, in stolen bases and power-speed number. In November 2013, he was traded to the Detroit Tigers for Prince Fielder. He has been awarded both a Fielding Bible Award (2015) and two Gold Glove Awards (2016 and 2018). Through 2018, on defense Kinsler had the best career range factor of any active second baseman in MLB, while on offense among all active players he was third in power–speed number, fourth in career runs scored, and eighth in career doubles.

James McCann (baseball)

James Thomas McCann (born June 13, 1990) is an American professional baseball catcher for the Chicago White Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Detroit Tigers. Prior to beginning his professional career, he played college baseball at the University of Arkansas. McCann has also competed for the United States national baseball team. His strong throwing arm and ability to throw out potential base stealers has earned him the nickname "McCannon".

Juan Lagares

Juan Osvaldo Lagares (born March 17, 1989) is a Dominican professional baseball center fielder for the New York Mets of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut during the 2013 season. Known for his defensive prowess, he won the National League Gold Glove Award in 2014.

Kevin Kiermaier

Kevin James Kiermaier (; born April 22, 1990) is an American professional baseball center fielder for the Tampa Bay Rays of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut on September 30, 2013 – also game 163 of the regular season, and a wild-card tiebreaker game.

Kiermaier was part of amateur championship teams at both the high and college levels. His high school won a state championship in Indiana, and a National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) national championship at Parkland College, where he was twice named an NJCAA All-American. Kiermaier has gained attention for his overall outfield defense, strong throwing arm, and prowess for frequently robbing home runs. As a result, he has won consecutive Rawlings Gold Glove Awards for center fielders in 2015 and 2016.

Kole Calhoun

Kole Alan Calhoun (born October 14, 1987) is an American professional baseball right fielder for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB). He played college baseball for Yavapai College before getting a scholarship to Arizona State University. Calhoun was drafted by the Angels in the eighth round of the 2010 Major League Baseball draft. He made his MLB debut in 2012. He won a Gold Glove Award in 2015.

Kolten Wong

Kolten Kaha Wong (born October 10, 1990) is an American professional baseball second baseman for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut in 2013. He bats left-handed and throws right-handed.

From Hilo, Hawaii, Wong starred in baseball at Kamehameha Hawaii High School and for the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The Cardinals selected Wong in the first round of the 2011 MLB draft, and promoted him to the major leagues two years later. He is currently the Cardinals' starting second baseman, and was named the National League Rookie of the Month for May 2014. He is currently signed through 2020 with a team option for 2021.

Larry Walker

Larry Kenneth Robert Walker (born December 1, 1966) is a Canadian former professional baseball right fielder in Major League Baseball (MLB). During his 17-year career, he played for the Montreal Expos, Colorado Rockies, and St. Louis Cardinals. In 1997, he became the only player in major league history to register both a .700 slugging percentage and 30 stolen bases in the same season, on his way to winning the National League (NL) Most Valuable Player Award (MVP). The first player in more than 60 years to hit at least .360 in each of three consecutive seasons from 1997 to 1999, Walker also won three NL batting championships. Honors include induction into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2007, the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009, and acclaim from Sports Illustrated in 1999 as the 13th greatest sporting figure from Canada.

Widely considered a five-tool talent of prodigious athleticism and instincts, Walker hit for both average and power, combined with well above-average speed, defense and throwing strength and accuracy. He was recognized as the top Canadian athlete in 1998 with the Lou Marsh Trophy. Other awards include five MLB All-Star selections, seven Gold Gloves, three Silver Sluggers, and nine Tip O'Neill Awards. His career slugging percentage (.565) ranks 12th all-time. Walker is one of only 19 hitters in history to accomplish a .300 batting average, 400 on-base percentage (OBP), and .500 slugging percentage (SLG) with at least 5,000 plate appearances, and one of six whose careers began after 1960. Considering advanced metrics, he is one of three players in history to rank within the top 100 of each of batting runs, baserunning runs, and defensive runs saved; the others are Barry Bonds and Willie Mays.

From the Greater Vancouver area of British Columbia, Walker spent his youth playing hockey with consuming NHL goaltender aspirations. That dream never materialized; however, the Expos saw his baseball potential and signed him in 1984. By 1990, Walker became their starting right fielder, propelling them to the majors' best record in 1994 when that year's strike stopped their first serious World Series run. He signed with the Rockies as a free agent following the season, and, during a six-year period starting in 1997, was the major league batting leader three times while finishing second in the NL twice. In 1997, he also led the league in home runs, OBP, SLG, while joining the 30–30 club, registering 12 outfield assists and leading his position with four double plays turned.

Desiring a trade to a contending team, the Rockies sent Walker to St. Louis in the middle of their 105-win season of 2004 and he made his first World Series appearance while tying or setting three Cardinals postseason records. He announced his retirement from playing baseball after Game 6 of the 2005 National League Championship Series. Following his playing career, Walker has served as a guest instructor for the Cardinals, and, since 2009, has coached the Canadian national team. In that time, Team Canada has competed in three World Baseball Classic (WBC) tournaments, and twice at the Pan Am Games, winning consecutive Pan Am gold medals in 2011 and 2015. Active on the American Baseball Hall of Fame ballot as of 2019, he has appeared nine times in ten years of eligibility, receiving 54.6 of 75 percent required to gain election.

Maikel Franco

Maikel Antonio Franco (pronounced MY-kehl FRAHN-koh; born August 26, 1992), is a Dominican professional baseball third baseman for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his major league debut in 2014.

Matt Olson

Matthew Kent Olson (born March 29, 1994) is an American professional baseball first baseman and right fielder for the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball (MLB).

Nick Ahmed

Nicholas Mark Ahmed (born March 15, 1990) is an American professional baseball shortstop for the Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball (MLB).

Nick Williams (baseball)

Billy Nicholas Williams (born September 8, 1993), is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB). He was drafted by the Texas Rangers, in the second round of the 2012 Major League Baseball draft. Williams made his major league debut in 2017.

Nolan Arenado

Nolan James Arenado (; born April 16, 1991) is an American professional baseball third baseman for the Colorado Rockies of Major League Baseball (MLB). He made his MLB debut with the Rockies in 2013. Arenado has been considered among the top third basemen in the league both for his contributions as a hitter for power and average, as well as his defensive range and arm strength. He is the only infielder to win the Rawlings Gold Glove Award in each of his first six MLB seasons.

A native of Newport Beach, California, Arenado attended El Toro High School in nearby Lake Forest before becoming the Rockies' second-round selection in the 2009 MLB draft. A five-time MLB All-Star, his defensive accolades (in addition to his six Gold Gloves) include three consecutive of both the Fielding Bible and Wilson Defensive Player of the Year Awards for his position, as well as two consecutive Rawlings Platinum Gloves. Offensively, he is a four-time Silver Slugger Award winner and has twice led the league in both home runs and runs batted in (RBI), and currently leads all major leaguers in RBI since the start of the 2015 season.

During his minor league career, Arenado was a two-time All-Star Futures Game selection, and led the minor leagues in RBI in 2011 with 155 over 163 total games. In 2016, Arenado became the youngest player in Rockies franchise history to reach 100 home runs. He played for the United States national team in the 2017 World Baseball Classic (WBC), winning Team USA's first gold medal in a WBC tournament. He hit for the cycle on June 18, 2017, and became the sixth player in history to finish off such a performance with a walk-off home run. In 2017, he became the 11th major leaguer and first third baseman in history to drive in 130 or more runs in three successive seasons. Arenado is of Cuban and Puerto Rican descent.

Run batted in

A run batted in (RBI), plural runs batted in (RBI or RBIs), is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored (except in certain situations such as when an error is made on the play). For example, if the batter bats a base hit, then another player on a higher base can head home to score a run, and the batter gets credited with batting in that run.

Before the 1920 Major League Baseball season, runs batted in were not an official baseball statistic. Nevertheless, the RBI statistic was tabulated—unofficially—from 1907 through 1919 by baseball writer Ernie Lanigan, according to the Society for American Baseball Research.Common nicknames for an RBI include "ribby" (or "ribbie"), "rib", and "ribeye". The plural of RBI is generally "RBIs", although some commentators use "RBI" as both singular and plural, as it can also stand for "runs batted in".

Yadier Molina

Yadier Benjamin Molina (Spanish pronunciation: [ʝaˈdjeɾ moˈlina]; born July 13, 1982), nicknamed "Yadi", is a Puerto Rican professional baseball catcher for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB). He has played his entire 16-year major league career with the Cardinals since his debut on June 3, 2004, and also for the Puerto Rican national team in four World Baseball Classic (WBC) tournaments. Widely considered one of the greatest defensive catchers of all time, Molina is the recipient of a number of accolades, including nine Rawlings Gold Gloves and six Fielding Bible Awards. A two-time World Series champion, he is a paramount figure in nine Cardinals playoff appearances and four National League (NL) pennants, and a two-time silver medalist with Puerto Rico. Molina bats and throws right-handed, stands 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) tall, and weighs 205 pounds (93 kg).

Molina ranks second all-time among catchers with 130 Defensive Runs Saved (DRS), and first among active catchers with 845 assists, 41.69% of runners caught stealing, and 55 pickoffs. He also ranks in the top 70 among catchers in history in each of fielding percentage, games played, double plays turned and assists. As a hitter, he has accrued more than 1,900 hits, 150 home runs, and 800 runs batted in (RBI) during his career, while batting over .300 five times. Other distinctions include selection to nine MLB All-Star Games, to the 2018 MLB Japan All-Star Series, four fan-based Platinum Glove Awards, and one Silver Slugger Award. He is also a two-time selection to the All-WBC Tournament Team.

The product of a baseball family, Molina was born in Bayamon, Puerto Rico. His father was an amateur second baseman and the all-time hits leader in Puerto Rican baseball, and his two older brothers, Bengie and José, also developed into standout defensive catchers with lengthy MLB careers. Long before playing professionally, Molina's pitch-handling and throwing skills caught the attention of scouts. The Cardinals' fourth round selection in the 2000 MLB draft, he quickly showed one of the strongest and most accurate arms in the game after starting play in the major leagues. Having earned a reputation as a team leader throughout his career, Molina formulates fielder positioning plans and complete pitching strategies to opposing hitters.

Initially considered a light hitter, Molina significantly improved his offense and raised his career batting average from .248 in 2007. He has appeared on five NL Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) ballots, including finishing fourth in 2012 and third in 2013. The only catcher in Cardinals history to appear in at least five postseasons, in 2006 he became just the third catcher to play in two World Series before age 25, following Johnny Bench and Yogi Berra. The major leagues' all-time leader in games caught with one team, Molina is under contract through 2020. He is considered to be a strong future candidate for the Hall of Fame. When Hurricane Maria ravaged the island of Puerto Rico in September 2017, Molina began relief efforts for victims of the catastrophe, consequently receiving the Roberto Clemente Award in 2018.

Base running


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