Deerfield, New Hampshire

Deerfield is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,280 at the 2010 census.[1] Deerfield is home to the annual Deerfield Fair.

Deerfield, New Hampshire
Soldier's Memorial and Library
Soldier's Memorial and Library
Official seal of Deerfield, New Hampshire

Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°08′46″N 71°12′59″W / 43.14611°N 71.21639°WCoordinates: 43°08′46″N 71°12′59″W / 43.14611°N 71.21639°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
Deerfield Center
Deerfield Parade
South Deerfield
 • Board of SelectmenR. Andrew Robertson, Chair
Richard W. Pitman
Jeffrey Shute
Frederick J. McGarry
Cindy McHugh
 • Town AdministratorJohn Harrington Jr.
 • Total52.3 sq mi (135.4 km2)
 • Land50.9 sq mi (131.9 km2)
 • Water1.4 sq mi (3.5 km2)  2.58%
515 ft (157 m)
 • Total4,280
 • Density82/sq mi (32/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-17460
GNIS feature ID0873576


Deerfield was originally part of Nottingham. In 1756, residents petitioned for organization of a separate parish, but were denied. In 1765, while a second petition was pending, two local hunters presented Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth with a deer. Permission was granted, and "Deerfield" was incorporated in 1766. The incorporation act for Deerfield was signed by three members of the Leavitt family, including Capt. Samuel who later served as one of the town's first selectmen. Leavitts Hill in Deerfield was named for the family, who first settled in nearby Exeter.[2][3]

"Deerfield Parade," a hilltop district first settled about 1740, was located on the early postal route between Concord and Portsmouth. Here, the militia of the Revolutionary and Civil wars trained and "paraded" on the village common. The "Parade" was then a professional, cultural and trade center. About 1798, citizens founded Deerfield Academy, a high school. Unfortunately, it burned in 1842.

Once a thriving farm community which was disappointed when bypassed by railroads, the town in 1876 established the Deerfield Fair. Now billed as "New England's Oldest Family Fair," the four-day event draws huge crowds each autumn to admire animals, produce and crafts, or enjoy amusement park rides.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.3 square miles (135 km2), of which 50.9 sq mi (132 km2) is land and 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2) is water, comprising 2.58% of the town. The highest point is the summit of Nottingham Mountain, at 1,345 feet (410 m) above sea level, near the town's western border. Portions of the Pawtuckaway Mountains occupy the eastern border of the town. Deerfield is primarily drained by the Lamprey and North Branch rivers, within the Piscataqua River (Coastal) watershed, while the western edge and northernmost section of town is in the Merrimack River watershed.[4]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20174,475[5]4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
DeerfieldNH CenterChurch
Church in the town center

At the 2000 census,[7] there were 3,678 people, 1,225 households and 986 families residing in the town. The population density was 72.2 per square mile (27.9/km²). There were 1,406 housing units at an average density of 27.6 per square mile (10.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.53% White, 0.16% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.

There were 1,225 households of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.0% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.27.

Age distribution was 30.0% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median household income was $61,367, and the median family income was $64,737. Males had a median income of $40,568 versus $30,682 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,160. About 1.3% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.


There is one public school in Deerfield, the Deerfield Community School on North Road, which serves students in grades P-8. The current principal is Chris Smith. Deerfield Community School was opened in 1990 and replaced the George B. White School. The George B. White Building now serves as commercial space and houses, among other things, the town offices and the police department. Deerfield students have attended various local high schools over the years, as there is no high school in the town. Starting with the DCS graduating class of 1995, the town has sent students graduating from Deerfield Community School to Concord High School. Other options have included Coe-Brown Northwood Academy in Northwood, Central High School in Manchester, West High School in Manchester, Pembroke Academy in Pembroke, and Oyster River High School in Durham. The students graduating from Deerfield community school still continue to go to Concord high unless given opportunities to go to other schools.

Notable people


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ History of Deerfield, History of Rockingham and Strafford Counties, D. Hamilton Hurd, 1882
  3. ^ Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire, Ezra Scollay Stearns, 1908
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "BUTLER, Benjamin Franklin, (1818 - 1893)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  9. ^ "Term: Harvey, Lorenzo Dow 1848 - 1922". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 19, 2013.

External links

Angela Heywood

Angela Fiducia Heywood (1840-1935) was a radical writer and activist, known as a free-love advocate, suffragist, socialist, spiritualist, labor reformer, and abolitionist.

Benjamin Butler

Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was a major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts. Born in New Hampshire and raised in Lowell, Massachusetts, Butler is best known as a political major general of the Union Army during the American Civil War, and for his leadership role in the impeachment of U.S. President Andrew Johnson. He was a colorful and often controversial figure on the national stage and in the Massachusetts political scene, during his one term as Governor.

Butler, a successful trial lawyer, served in the Massachusetts legislature as an antiwar Democrat and as an officer in the state militia. Early in the Civil War he joined the Union Army, where he was noted for his lack of military skill, and his controversial command of New Orleans, which brought him wide dislike in the South and the "Beast" epithet. He helped create the legal idea of effectively freeing fugitive slaves by designating them as contraband of war in service of military objectives, which led to a political groundswell in the North which included general emancipation and the end of slavery as official war goals. His commands were marred by financial and logistical dealings across enemy lines, some of which probably took place with his knowledge and to his financial benefit.

Butler was dismissed from the Union Army after his failures in the First Battle of Fort Fisher, but soon won election to the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. As a Radical Republican he opposed President Johnson's Reconstruction agenda, and was the House's lead manager in the Johnson impeachment proceedings. As Chairman of the House Committee on Reconstruction, Butler authored the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 and coauthored the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1875.

In Massachusetts, Butler was often at odds with more conservative members of the political establishment over matters of both style and substance. Feuds with Republican politicians led to his being denied several nominations for the governorship between 1858 and 1880. Returning to the Democratic fold, he won the governship in the 1882 election with Democratic and Greenback Party support. He ran for President on the Greenback ticket in 1884.

Benning W. Jenness

Benning Wentworth Jenness (July 14, 1806 – November 16, 1879) was a United States Senator from New Hampshire.

Born in Deerfield, he attended Bradford Academy, Massachusetts and engaged in mercantile pursuits in Strafford, New Hampshire from 1826 to 1856. He held several local offices and was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives. From 1841 to 1845 he was judge of probate of Strafford County, and was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Levi Woodbury. Jenness served from December 1, 1845, to June 13, 1846, and was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election in 1846 to the Thirtieth Congress. He was a member of the state constitutional convention in 1850 and was nominated for Governor of New Hampshire in 1861 but withdrew. He moved to Ohio and engaged in lumbering and banking. Bennett W. Jenness died in Cleveland; interment was in the family cemetery, Strafford, New Hampshire.

Daniel Tilton

Daniel Tilton (March 30, 1763 – November 20, 1830) was one of the three first judges of the Mississippi Territory Supreme Court, and the deliverer of the first Territorial Seal of Mississippi.

David James (American politician)

David Goodrich James (August 8, 1843 - October 3, 1921) was an American businessman, tinner and Civil War veteran from Richland Center, Wisconsin who served one term as a Republican member of the Wisconsin State Senate from the 28th District (Richland and Vernon counties). His brother Norman L. James had previously held what was basically the same seat in the Senate.


Deerfield is the name of many places in the United States.

Deerfield, Illinois

Deerfield Township, Illinois (disambiguation)

Deerfield, Indiana

Deerfield, Iowa

Deerfield Township, Chickasaw County, Iowa

Deerfield, Kansas

Deerfield, Lexington, Kentucky

Deerfield, Maryland (disambiguation), multiple places

Deerfield, Massachusetts

Deerfield (CDP), Massachusetts

Deerfield, Michigan

Deerfield, Minnesota

Deerfield Township, Minnesota (disambiguation), multiple places

Deerfield Township, Michigan (disambiguation), multiple places

Deerfield, Missouri

Deerfield, New Hampshire

Deerfield, New Jersey

Deerfield Township, New Jersey

Deerfield, New York

Deerfield, Ohio (disambiguation)

Deerfield Township, Ohio (disambiguation), multiple places

Deerfield Township, Pennsylvania (disambiguation), multiple places

Deerfield, South Dakota

Deerfield, Virginia

Deerfield (town), Dane County, Wisconsin

Deerfield, Waushara County, Wisconsin

Deerfield, Wisconsin (disambiguation), multiple places

Deerfield, Wisconsin, a village in the town of Deerfield

Deerfield Center Historic District

The Deerfield Center Historic District encompasses the heart of the rural New Hampshire town of Deerfield. It extends northwest along Church Street (formerly Old Center Road South) from its junction with North Road, Candia Road, and Raymond Road. It includes many of the town's municipal buildings, as well as a church and private residences, most of which were built before about 1920. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Deerfield Town House

The Deerfield Town House (or Deerfield Town Hall) is the town hall of Deerfield, New Hampshire. Built in 1856, it is one of the state's finest examples of public Greek Revival architecture. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, as "Town House".

Don Gorman

Donald Gorman (born 1937 or 1938) is a former member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives. He was first elected in 1992 to represent Deerfield, and was re-elected in 1994, serving four terms. Gorman was elected as a member of the Libertarian Party. He also worked as a chimney sweep.

Enoch W. Eastman

Enoch W. Eastman (April 30, 1845 – January 9, 1885) was an American politician.

Born in Deerfield, New Hampshire, Enoch Worthen Eastman studied law in New Hampshire and was admitted to the bar. He then moved to Iowa. Although a Democrat, he distinguished himself the first year of his residence in Iowa by taking the stump against the adoption of the Constitution recently framed by his party and helped to defeat it at the election. Under this Constitution the boundaries of the State would have extended north taking in a large portion of southeastern Minnesota and would have excluded all of the Missouri slope west of a line running north and south from near the west side of Kossuth and Ringgold counties. Enoch W. Eastman, Theodore S. Parvin and Frederick D. Mills, all Democrats and young men, warmly opposed the adoption of such boundaries and influenced enough of their Democratic associates to unite with the Whigs to defeat the Constitution. This was one of the most important public services ever rendered the State. When Iowa was called upon to contribute a stone for the Washington monument in 1850, Enoch W. Eastman was the author of the inscription placed upon it: “Iowa—Her affections like the rivers of her borders, flow to an inseparable Union.” Mr. Eastman removed to Oskaloosa in 1847 and to Eldora in 1857. When the Civil War began he left the Democratic party and united with the Republicans.Eastman was elected Lieutenant Governor of Iowa serving under Governor William M. Stone. In 1883, Eastman was elected to the Iowa State Senate and died while in office.

Honey Creek, Walworth County, Wisconsin

Honey Creek is an unincorporated community located in the town of Spring Prairie, Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States. The community was also known as Vienna. The population is approximately 400.

John Charles Haines

John Charles Haines (May 26, 1818 in New York - July 4, 1896; buried in Rosehill Cemetery) served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1858–1860) for the Democratic Party.

Haines arrived in Chicago on May 26, 1834 and took on work as a clerk for George W. Merrill. By 1846, he formed a partnership with Jared Gage and acquired several flour mills. Haines worked to organize the Chicago waterwork beginning in 1854. In 1848, he was elected to the first of six terms on the city council and two terms as the water commissioner. He was elected mayor in 1858 as a Republican, defeating Democrat Daniel Brainard with 54% of the vote. He ran for re-election the following year against Marcus D. Gilman, winning with about 53% of the vote.Haines served as an elected members of the board of the Chicago Historical Society and on the Board of Health. He was also a founding member of the Chicago Board of Trade. In 1870, he was sent to the Illinois Constitutional Convention and helped write a new Constitution for the state. He was elected to the State Senate for two terms from the First District in 1874. After he left the State Senate, he retired from public life near Waukegan, Illinois, where he owned a small farm. Haines was a member of the First Unitarian Church of Chicago.

An elementary school, consisting of grades Pre-K to 8th, has been named after John Charles Haines. He was the brother of Illinois Speaker of the House Elijah Haines.

John Simpson (soldier)

Major John Simpson (December 1, 1748 – October 28, 1825) was an American Revolutionary War soldier from Deerfield, New Hampshire. He is one of several men traditionally described as having fired the first shot on the American side at the Battle of Bunker Hill.After the shooting in the war began at Lexington and Concord, Simpson joined a company of militiamen under Captain Henry Dearborn. The company marched to Boston and joined the siege of that town. At the Battle of Bunker Hill, Colonel John Stark instructed his men of the 1st New Hampshire Regiment to hold their fire until the British had reached a certain point. According to the story, Simpson fired early and was arrested the next day for disobeying orders, but was not punished.

Simpson eventually rose to the rank of major in the New Hampshire state troops. After the war he returned to his farm.

Lorenzo D. Harvey

Lorenzo Dow Harvey (1848–1922) was an American educator who served as Superintendent of Public Instruction of Wisconsin in the late 1880s and early 1900s.

Nathaniel Upham

Nathaniel Upham (June 9, 1774 – July 10, 1829) was an American politician and a United States Representative from New Hampshire.

Norman L. James

Norman Leslie James (November 29, 1840 - November 25, 1918) was a farmer, lumber manufacturer and hardware retailer from Richland Center, Wisconsin who served as a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly and the Wisconsin State Senate.

North Branch River

The North Branch River is an 8.2-mile (13.2 km) long river in southeastern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Lamprey River, part of the Great Bay and Piscataqua River watershed leading to the Atlantic Ocean.

The river begins in Bear Brook State Park, in Deerfield, New Hampshire, at the outlet to Beaver Pond. Flowing southeast, it quickly leaves the park, then enters the town of Candia. It passes under New Hampshire Route 43 just south of the village of Candia, then reaches NH 27 just before entering the town of Raymond, where the river ends at the Lamprey River.

Pawtuckaway State Park

Pawtuckaway State Park is a 5,000-acre (20 km2) preserve in New Hampshire, United States. It is one of the largest state parks in southeastern New Hampshire and is named for Pawtuckaway Lake and the Pawtuckaway Mountains. The park extends from the west shore of the lake to the west side of the mountains.

Pleasant Lake (Deerfield, New Hampshire)

Pleasant Lake is a 479-acre (1.94 km2) lake located in Rockingham County in central New Hampshire, United States, in the town of Deerfield. The eastern shore of the lake forms the boundary between Deerfield and the town of Northwood. Water from Pleasant Lake flows north to Northwood Lake, then west via the Little Suncook River to the Suncook River, a tributary of the Merrimack River.

The lake is classified as a cold- and warmwater fishery, with observed species including brown trout, rainbow trout, smallmouth and largemouth bass, chain pickerel, brown bullhead, and white perch.

Places adjacent to Deerfield, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States
Other villages

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