Dedham /ˈdɛdəm/ DED-əm is a town in and the county seat of Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 24,729 at the 2010 census. It is located on Boston's southwest border. On the northwest it is bordered by Needham, on the southwest by Westwood, and on the southeast by Canton. The town was first settled by Europeans in 1635.
|Town of Dedham|
First Church and Parish
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
|Named for||Dedham, Essex, England|
|• Type||Representative town meeting|
| • Town|
| • Board of |
James A. MacDonald, Chair
Deenis J. Teehan, Jr.
Dennis J. Guilfoyle
|• Total||10.6 sq mi (27.6 km2)|
|• Land||10.5 sq mi (27.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||120 ft (37 m)|
|• Density||2,355.1/sq mi (912.5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
02026 (02027 for P.O. Boxes)
|Area code(s)||781 / 339|
|GNIS feature ID||0618318|
Settled in 1635 by people from Roxbury and Watertown, Dedham was incorporated in 1636. It became the county seat of Norfolk County when the county was formed from parts of Suffolk County on March 26, 1793. When the Town was originally incorporated, the residents wanted to name it "Contentment." The Massachusetts General Court overruled them and named the town after Dedham, Essex in England, where some of the original inhabitants were born. The boundaries of the town at the time stretched to the Rhode Island border.
At the first public meeting on August 15, 1636, eighteen men signed the town covenant. They swore that they would "in the fear and reverence of our Almighty God, mutually and severally promise amongst ourselves and each to profess and practice one truth according to that most perfect rule, the foundation whereof is ever lasting love."
They also agreed that "we shall by all means labor to keep off from us all such as are contrary minded, and receive only such unto us as may be probably of one heart with us, [and such] as that we either know or may well and truly be informed to walk in a peaceable conversation with all meekness of spirit, [this] for the edification of each other in the knowledge and faith of the Lord Jesus…" The covenant also stipulated that if differences were to arise between townsmen, they would seek arbitration for resolution and each would pay his fair share for the common good.
In November 1798, David Brown led a group in Dedham protesting the federal government; they set up a liberty pole, as people had before the American Revolution. It carried the words, "No Stamp Act, No Sedition Act, No Alien Bills, No Land Tax, downfall to the Tyrants of America; peace and retirement to the President; Long Live the Vice President," referring to then-President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. Brown was arrested in Andover but because he could not afford the $4,000 bail, he was taken to Salem for trial. Brown was tried in June 1799. Although he wanted to plead guilty, Justice Samuel Chase urged him to name those who had helped him or subscribed to his writings in exchange for freedom. Brown refused, was fined $480, and sentenced to eighteen months in prison. It was the most severe sentence up to then imposed under the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Dedham is home to the Fairbanks House, the oldest surviving timber-frame house in the United States, scientifically dated to 1637. On January 1, 1643, by unanimous vote, Dedham authorized the first taxpayer-funded public school, "the seed of American education." Its first schoolmaster, Rev. Ralph Wheelock, a Clare College graduate, was paid 20 pounds annually to instruct the youth of the community. Descendants of these students would become presidents of Dartmouth College, Yale University and Harvard University.
The first man-made canal in North America, Mother Brook, was created in Dedham in 1639. It linked the Charles River to the Neponset River. Although both are slow-moving rivers, they are at different elevations. The difference in elevation made the canal's current swift enough to power several local mills.
In 1818, though citizens were still taxed for the support of ministers and other "public teachers of religion," Dedham set a precedent toward the separation of church and state. Residents of the town selected a minister different than that chosen by the church members; the selection by residents was confirmed by the Supreme Judicial Court. This decision increased support for the disestablishment of the Congregational churches.
The local Endicott Estate burned to the ground in 1904 after the local volunteer fire department, responding to three separate fires burning simultaneously, reached the Endicott fire last. By the time they arrived, only ashes remained. It is said that the estate's owner, Henry Bradford Endicott (also founder of the Endicott Johnson Corporation) took the burning of the homestead as a divine command to rebuild (which he did). The rebuilt Endicott Estate is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The estate and surrounding grounds are open to the public, upholding Henry's stepdaughter Katherine's wish to use the house and property for "educational, civic, social and recreational purposes."
In 1921, the historic Sacco and Vanzetti trial was held in the Norfolk County Courthouse in Dedham. Dedham Pottery is a cherished class of antiques, characterized by a distinctive crackle glaze, blue-and-white color scheme, and a frequent motif of rabbits and other animals. Dedham is sometimes called the "mother of towns" because 14 present-day communities were included within its original broad borders.
Dedham is located at  On the northeast corner of High Street and Court Street the U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey, now the U.S. National Geodetic Survey, has placed a small medallion into a granite block showing an elevation of 112.288 feet.(42.244609, −71.165531).
Dedham is made up of a number of neighborhoods:
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.4 square miles (27 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (1.79%) is water.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,464 people, 8,654 households, and 6,144 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,244.6 people per square mile (866.9/km²). There were 8,908 housing units at an average density of 852.2 per square mile (329.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.51% White, 1.54% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 2.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 8,654 households, of which 30.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them. 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.
Dedham's population is spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $61,699, and the median income for a family was $72,330. Males had a median income of $46,216 versus $35,682 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,199. About 3.2% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
The town's seal was originally designed by a member of the Dedham Historical Society. In the center is a crest containing the Old Avery Oak. When the tree was finally felled, the gavel used by the Moderator at Town Meeting was carved out of it. Above the tree are the scales of justice, representing Dedham as the county seat and home to Norfolk County's courts. On the left of the tree are agricultural instruments, and on the right is a factory, showing Dedham's history first as a town of farmers and then as one with a number of mills and factories, particularly along Mother Brook. Below the tree is a banner with the word "Contentment," the name of the original plantation.
The town flag is red with the seal prominent and in the center. In the lower left corner is part of the Avery Oak, and in the lower right is part of the Fairbanks House. It hangs in the selectmen's chambers at town hall and in the Great Hall of the Massachusetts State House.
A charter adopted in 1998 lays out the basic structure of the Town government, although it has been amended occasionally over the years. A seven-member Charter Advisory Committee, appointed in 2012, recommended six substantial changes and numerous minor changes be made to the document. The Selectmen consolidated them into six articles for Town Meeting's consideration, and five were presented to the Meeting in 2013. Voters approved four of them in 2014. A version of the sixth and final proposal was adopted at the Spring 2014 Annual Town Meeting.
According to Dedham's Charter, the "administration of all the fiscal, prudential, and municipal affairs of the town, with the government thereof, shall be vested in a legislative branch, to consist of a representative town meeting." Town Meeting is to consist of no less than 270 members, but not more than necessary to achieve an equal number coming from each precinct. There are currently seven districts, but could be as few as six or as many as nine, with lines drawn by the Board of Selectmen and the Registrars of Voters every ten years.
Votes are by voice unless members call for a standing or roll call vote, either of which can be called for by the Moderator. All Town officers are required to attend Town Meeting and multiple member bodies must send at least one representative who have all the privileges of a Member except the right to vote. If 5% of Town voters petition the Board of Selectmen within 14 days of Town Meeting, any action taken may be submitted to voters. The final result is to be determined by majority vote, but Town Meeting can not be overruled unless 20% of registered voters participate.
Town Meeting sets its own rules and keeps a journal of proceedings. The Town Meeting may establish various ad-hoc and standing committees on which any Town Meeting Member or voter may serve.
Currently Town Meeting consists of 273 members, or representatives, with each of the seven districts, or precincts, electing 39. Thirteen are elected from each precinct each year and serve a three-year term. Each precinct elects from its own members a Chairman, Vice Chairman, and Secretary.
To be eligible, candidates must have 10 registered voters from their precinct sign nomination papers. Town Meeting Representatives can not serve on any other elected board or on the Finance and Warrant Committee. Members who move from the district or are removed by redistricting may serve until the next Town Election; however, any member who moves out of the Town immediately ceases to be a Member.
In case of a vacancy, the remaining term is to be filled at the next town election. If no election is to take place within 120 days of the vacancy, then the district chairman is to call together the members of the district, and they are to elect a member who will serve until the next town election.
The Warrant at Town Meeting includes the articles to be voted on. Any elected or appointed board, committee, town officer, or any ten voters may place an article on the warrant. Each article to be voted on is directed by the Board of Selectmen to an appropriate board or committee to hear and provide the original motion at Town Meeting. All articles expending funds are directed to the Finance Committee; articles dealing with planning and zoning to the Planning Board; articles relating to by-laws to the By-Law Committee. The Finance Committee recommendation has the force of the original motion on all articles except those related to zoning. The Planning Board makes the original motion for those.
The Chairmen of the several districts elect from amongst themselves a chairman. This Chairman of the Chairmen hosts what is officially known as the District Chairmen's Warrant Review Meeting, but is much more commonly referred to as Mini Town Meeting. The "Mini," first held in 1978, is generally a week or two before the actual Town Meeting. The purpose of the Mini is to air out several of the contentious issues before bringing them to the floor of Town Meeting.
The executive branch of the Town Government is "headed" by a Board of Selectmen. The Board of Selectmen have five members who are elected for three-year terms and are the chief policy making body for the town. They appoint a Town Manager who runs the day-to-day affairs of the Town. They also appoint constables, registrars of voters and other election officers, the board of appeals, conservation commission, historic district commission, and members of several other multiple member boards.
Selectmen set policy for all departments below it, but are not involved in the day-to-day affairs of the Town. They issue licenses and can investigate the affairs and the conduct of any town agency.
The Elected Town Clerk serves a three-year term and works full-time for the Town. The Clerk is "the keeper of vital statistics of the town and the custodian of the town seal and all public records, administer[s] the oaths of office to all town officers... [and is] the clerk of the town meeting." In the role as clerk of town meeting, he notifies the public and members of the Town Meeting and keeps a verbatim record of proceedings.
Town Meetings are presided over by the Town Moderator, but he has no vote unless all the Members present and voting are equally divided. At the first Town Meeting following the annual town election, he is to appoint, subject to Town Meeting's confirmation, a Deputy Moderator from the elected Members. The Deputy serves in case of the Moderator's absence or disability. The current Town Moderator is Dan Driscoll.
The seven members of the School Committee are elected for three-year terms and appoint a Superintendent of Schools. They also set policy for the School Department. The School Committee is currently chaired by Stephen M. Bilafer, with Kevin R. Coughlin serving as Vice Chair. The other members of the committee are Mayanne MacDonald Briggs, Lisa Laprade, Tracey White, Joshua Donati, and Melissa Pearrow.
The three elected members of the Board of Assessors serve three-year terms and annually make a fair cash valuation of all property within the town. The current chair of the board is Richard J. Schoenfeld, with Christopher J. Polito serving as Vice-Chair and Cheryl S. Sullivan serving as Clerk.
The three elected members of the Board of Health are responsible for the formulation and enforcement of rules and regulations affecting the environment and the public health. Currently the board is chaired by Leanne Jasset, B.S.P. RPH, with Katherine M Reda R.N serving as Vice Chair. Patricia M Roberts R.N also serves on the board.
The Board of Library Trustees has five members, each of whom serves three-year terms, and has care of the Town's public library at the Endicott Branch and Main Branch. The Board is responsible for all library policy, the library budget, and hiring and firing the library director. The board is currently chaired by Margaret M. Connolly, with Sarah Santos serving as Vice Chair. Monika E. Wilkinson, Mary Ann Silwa, and Tracy L. Driscoll also serve on the board.
The five elected members of the Planning Board make studies and prepare plans concerning the resources, possibilities, and needs of the town. It also prepares the Master Plan. Currently the board is chaired by John R. Bethoney, with James E. O'Brien IV serving as clerk. Jessica Porter, Michael A. Podolski, Esq. and James McGrail are also members.
There are five elected members of the Parks & Recreation Commission. Section 3-10 of the Town Charter states that the goal of the commission is to promote physical education, play, recreation, sport and other programs for people of all ages. The commission is currently chaired by Chuck Dello Iacono. Jon Briggs, Lisa Moran, Jim Maher, and Tye Donahue serve as Members of the commission.
There are five elected Commissioners of Trust Funds who manage and control all funds left, given, bequeathed, or devised to the town, and distribute the income in accordance with the terms of the respective trusts. The commission is currently chaired by Michael E. Malamut, with Ronald B. Slack serving as Vice Chair. Bob Desmond, Emily Reynolds, and Salvatore A Spada currently serve as members.
There are five members of the Housing Authority. Four are elected by the Town and one is appointed by the Commonwealth Commissioner of Community Affairs. As members of the Board, they have all of the powers and duties which are given to housing authorities under the constitution and laws of the Commonwealth. The board is currently chaired by John G. Wagner, with Mary Louise Munchbach serving as Vice Chair. Catherine Luna serves as the board's Treasurer with Donna M. Brown as Assistant Treasurer. The current State Appointee to the board is Margaret Matthews.
The Dedham Public Schools operates seven schools and is known for the first implementation of a tax supported, free public school system, now used nationally.
In addition, there are several private schools in the town, including:
|Place of worship||Denomination||Size||Founded|
|First Church and Parish||Unitarian Universalist||1638 (Split in 1818)|
|Allin Congregational Church||United Church of Christ||1638 (Split in 1818)|
|St. Paul's Episcopal Church||The Episcopal Church||1758|
|Fellowship Bible Church||Nondenominational
|St. Mary of the Assumption Church||Roman Catholic||2,329 families||1866|
|Church of the Good Shepherd||The Episcopal Church||1877|
|St. Luke's Lutheran Church||Evangelical Lutheran Church in America||1893|
|St. John of Damascus Church||Eastern Orthodox Church||1907|
|St. Susanna Church||Roman Catholic||1960|
|Calvary Baptist Church||Independent Baptist|
|Dedham Temple||Seventh-day Adventist|
|The Link Church||Assemblies of God|
|Former places of worship|
|Place of worship||Denomination||Founded||Closed|
|First Church of Christ, Scientist||Church of Christ, Scientist||1939||2000s|
|St. Raphael's||Roman Catholic||1878||1887|
Boston United Hand in Hand Cemetery is located on Lower East Street straddling the West Roxbury line. Dating back to 1875, the original plot was full by 1896 but subsequently expanded a number of times. There are graves as recent as 1980 in the West Roxbury portion; the Dedham portion is still active. Chestnut Hill's Congregation Mishka Tefila currently owns the property.
Dedham is home to a number of community organizations, including
Commuter rail service from Boston's South Station is provided by the MBTA with stops at Endicott and Dedham Corporate Center on its Franklin Line. Also MBTA Bus route 34 Dedham Line to Forest Hills serves Washington Street. Bus route 34E Walpole Center to Forest Hills serves Washington Street, Dedham Square, and the Dedham Mall. Bus route 35 Dedham Mall to Forest Hills serves Washington Street.
Edward Dowse (October 22, 1756 – September 3, 1828) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts. Born in Charlestown, Dowse moved to Dedham in March 1798. He purchased five acres of land around the Middle Post Road, today known as High Street. He lived in an already existing house at first, and then built a home on the land in 1804. His brother-in-law was Samuel Nicholson, the first captain of USS Constitution.After the Revolution, he became a shipmaster and engaged in the East Indian and China carrying trade. Dowse was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Sixteenth Congress and served from March 4, 1819, until May 26, 1820, when he resigned. He died in Dedham on September 3, 1828, and was interred in the Old Cemetery.Fairbanks House (Dedham, Massachusetts)
The Fairbanks House in Dedham, Massachusetts is a historic house built ca. 1636, making it the oldest surviving timber-frame house in North America that has been verified by dendrochronology testing. Puritan settler Jonathan Fairbanks constructed the farm house for his wife Grace (Lee Smith) and their family. The house was occupied and then passed down through eight generations of the family until the early 20th century. Over several centuries the original portion was expanded as architectural styles changed and the family grew.
Today the Fairbanks house is owned and operated by the Fairbanks Family in America, a member-based non-profit organization, as a historic house museum. The Family Association has preserved, studied and interpreted their ancestral home and its collections for over 110 years. The house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.Frederick D. Ely
Frederick David Ely (September 24, 1838 – August 6, 1921) was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. He was born in Wrentham, Massachusetts.
Ely attended Day’s Academy and graduated from Brown University in 1859. He studied law, was admitted to the bar and commenced practice at Dedham. He was a trial justice, was elected a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and served in the Massachusetts State Senate. He was also a member of the Dedham school committee.
Ely was elected as a Republican to the Forty-ninth Congress (March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1887). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1886 to the Fiftieth Congress and resumed the practice of law,and did serve as justice of the Municipal Court of Boston 1888-1914.
He died in Dedham on August 6, 1921 and was buried in Old Parish Cemetery.George F. Williams
George Fred Williams (July 10, 1852 – July 11, 1932) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to both Greece and Montenegro.History of Dedham, Massachusetts, 2000–present
The history of Dedham, Massachusetts from 2000 to present begins at the third millennium and continues to the present day. Notable events include several large commercial and residential developments, the Town's 375th anniversary, municipal building projects, and changes to the Charter.History of Dedham, Massachusetts, in television and film
Dedham, Massachusetts, has been featured on both television and film screens.
William Desmond Taylor's 1919 silent film Anne of Green Gables was filmed in Dedham. It was the favorite role of star Mary Miles Minter, but no copies of the film are known to have survived. The film also starred Paul Kelly.
The 1973 film The Friends of Eddie Coyle was filmed in Dedham and starred Robert Mitchum, Peter Boyle, and Alex Rocco.
In the 1980s, the Endicott Estate was featured in an episode of Spenser: For Hire.
The 1982 cult classic Pieces was filmed mainly in Madrid, but also included the same Dedham Square robbed in 'Eddie Coyle.'
The 1998 film Urban Relics was filmed in Dedham.
A neighborhood in Riverdale was shown in the 1998 film A Civil Action for which the people of Dedham received a "special thanks" in the closing credits. The scene was filmed in the month of December and several houses included in the scene had Christmas lights strung up on them. The owners of the houses each received $100 to remove the lights until the shot was completed.
The Endicott Estate was also featured in the 2000 film The Perfect Storm.
The award-winning 2000 film State and Main was filmed in Dedham, and Alec Baldwin's character slept in the Endicott Estate.
The 2002 film Advice and Dissent was filmed in Dedham.
The 2003 film Discharge was filmed in Dedham.
In a 2004 episode of The Practice, viewers learned that Alan Shore grew up in the town, and numerous references to the Sacco and Vanzetti trial were also made. Images of Dedham Square, the Dedham Historical Society building and the courthouses were shot on location. In addition, "extremely rare" interior and exterior photos of the courthouses from the turn of the 20th century were shown.
Dedham was mentioned by Leonardo DiCaprio in two movies by Martin Scorsese. In the 2006 film The Departed, he mentions the Dedham Mall. The 2010 thriller Shutter Island, a film partially filmed in Dedham, has several mentions of the Dedham Jail.
The 2014 film The Judge was filmed partly in Dedham Square, showing the Norfolk Superior Court and First Church.
An as yet untitled Detroit project directed by Kathryn Bigelow was filmed inside the Dedham District Court.History of St. Mary's Church (Dedham, Massachusetts)
The history of St. Mary's Church in Dedham, Massachusetts begins with the first mass said in Dedham, Massachusetts in 1843 and runs to the present day.
From the first mass with only 8 Catholics present, St. Mary's grew into one of the largest parishes in the Archdiocese of Boston. The first church constructed by the congregation was quickly outgrown, and so a second church was built on High Street. Designed to be a "cathedral in the wilderness," it is "the largest and most imposing church in the town" and "one of the most conspicuous edifices" in the town.
Several parishes have grown out of St. Mary's, most recently St. Susanna's. Today it has a large Life Teen program, and over 40 other programs for parishioners.Jacques d'Amboise (dancer)
Jacques d'Amboise (born July 28, 1934) is an American danseur and choreographer.Pete Hamilton
Peter Goodwill "Pete" Hamilton (July 20, 1942 – March 21, 2017) was an American professional stock car racing driver. He competed in NASCAR for six years, where he won four times in his career (including the 1970 Daytona 500), three times driving for Petty Enterprises.Sam Hide
Sam Hide (listed in some sources as Sam Hyde) is a historic or apocryphal character in the folklore of New England, used in the folk saying "to lie like Sam Hide". There is no record of the death of a Sam Hide in the records of Dedham, Massachusetts though he is said to have died in 1732, however Sam Hide is noted at age 105 at Dedham as being a sachem, chief or sagamore who first and last were, to a greater or less degree, land-holders, and leaders of the multifarious tribes of New England.Hide was said to be a Native American, a great wit, and an infamous cider-drinker and liar. It has been speculated by James Wimer that Sam Hide may be a composite of several early anecdotes and stories.St. Mary's Church (Dedham, Massachusetts)
St. Mary of the Assumption Church (commonly referred to as St. Mary's) is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church in Dedham, Massachusetts, in the Archdiocese of Boston. The community began after
The first church was constructed in Dedham Centre in 1857 and it was formally established as a parish in 1866. In 1880 the parish built a larger church on High Street, towards East Dedham. The laying of the cornerstone for this "cathedral in the wilderness" attracted more than 4,000 people, and special trains were run from Boston and Norwood. The new church would not be completed until 1900, and was dedicated by Archbishop Sebastiano Martinelli, the papal delegate. Today the church hosts one of the largest Life Teen programs in the country.St. Susanna Church (Dedham, Massachusetts)
St. Susanna Church is a Roman Catholic parish of the Archdiocese of Boston located in Dedham, Massachusetts. The pastor is Father Stephen S. Josoma, and Laurence J. Bloom is the deacon. It is known as "one of the most liberal parishes in the Archdiocese of Boston."The parish was founded in 1960 due to overcrowding at St. Mary of the Assumption Church in Dedham. By the 1930s St. Mary's was one of the biggest parishes in the Archdiocese with over 6,000 parishioners and 1,300 students in Sunday School. During the middle of that decade there were four priests and six nuns ministering to the congregation. In the 1950s it became clear that a second parish was needed in Dedham, and so St. Susanna's was established in 1960 to serve the needs of the Riverdale neighborhood. When St. Susanna's opened it had 300 families, while 2,500 stayed at St. Mary's.In 2000, average attendance at Sunday mass was 1,671, making it the 63rd most active parish out of the 357 parishes then in the archdiocese. It performed the 314th most sacraments in 2001-2002.The parish garnered the attention of national media during Advent 2018 when the Nativity scene outside of the church showed the Baby Jesus in a cage and the three wise men separated from the others by a fence labeled "deportation." The scene was a statement on the Trump administration family separation policy and on the condition of refugees more generally.Stony Brook Reservation
Stony Brook Reservation is a woodland park in Boston and Dedham, Massachusetts, a unit of the Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston, part of the state park system of Massachusetts. It was established in 1894 as one of the five original reservations created by the Metropolitan Park Commission. The park is served by the Stony Brook Reservation Parkways, a road system that was entered into the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.Stony Brook Reservation Parkways
The Stony Brook Reservation Parkways are a group of historic parkways in Boston and Dedham, Massachusetts. They provide access to and within the Stony Brook Reservation, a Massachusetts state park. The roadways and the park are administered by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, a successor to the Metropolitan District Commission, which oversaw their construction. The roads consist of the Dedham, Enneking, and Turtle Pond Parkways and West Boundary Road. Two roads within the park, Smithfield Road and Reservation Road, are listed as non-contributing properties. The park roads were built between 1894 and 1956, and were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.Ursuline Academy (Dedham, Massachusetts)
Ursuline Academy is an independent college preparatory school for young women in grades 7–12. Located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, United States, it is owned and operated by the Ursuline Sisters, a worldwide teaching order. The academy is a private Catholic school located on a 28-acre campus in Dedham, Massachusetts. It provides education in all areas and offers over 20 clubs and 15 varsity sports. The Boston Globe has praised Ursulines' athletes, the Bears, as winning the Singelais Award for maintaining a 3.0 GPA or higher and excelling in their chosen activity.WAMG
WAMG (890 AM; "La Mega") is a radio station in the Boston market licensed to Dedham, Massachusetts. It is owned by Gois Broadcasting. It broadcasts in Spanish, and plays bachata, merengue, salsa and pop music. WLS in Chicago is the dominant (class A) station on 890 AM; WAMG must reduce power during the nighttime hours and uses a directional antenna to protect the nighttime skywave signal of WLS.
WAMG also simulcasts its programming on WLLH (1400 AM) in Lowell and Lawrence to reach the area north of Boston and the southern part of New Hampshire. It also operates translator W235CS (94.9 FM) in Dedham.WZBR
WZBR (1410 AM) is a radio station broadcasting Urban Contemporary music format. Licensed to Dedham, Massachusetts, United States, the station serves the Greater Boston area. The station is owned by Langer Broadcasting Group, LLC, which also owns WSRO in the area.Waldo Colburn
Waldo Colburn (November 13, 1824 – September 26, 1885) was an American lawyer, jurist and politician from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Colburn was originally a member of the Whig party and after that party dissolved he became a Democrat.Wilson Mountain Reservation
Wilson Mountain Reservation is a state-owned, public recreation area and protected woodland park in Dedham, Massachusetts, managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. It features hiking trails, open space and a summit view of the Boston skyline, and is an important wildlife preserve. At 215 acres (87 ha), it is the largest remaining open space in Dedham. The reservation is part of the Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston.
|Year||Republican||Democratic||Libertarian||Green-Rainbow||Constitution||Reform||Natural Law||Workers World||New Alliance||Socialist Workers||Citizens||American||Labor||American Independent||Socialist Labor||People's||Independent||Write-in votes|
|2016||4,778 (33.12%) Trump and Pence||8,621 (59.76%) Clinton and Kaine||570 (3.95%) Johnson and Weld||149 (1.03%) Stein and Baraka||1 (0.01%) McMullin and Johnson||308 (2.13%)|
|2012||5,734 (41.83%) Romney and Ryan||7,757 (56.58%) Obama and Biden||122 (0.89%) Johnson and Gray||54 (0.39%) Stein and Honkala||42 (0.31%)|
|2008||5,361 (42.00%) McCain and Palin||7,108 (55.69%) Obama and Biden||62 (0.49%) Barr and Root||25 (0.20%) McKinney and Clemente||20 (0.16%) Baldwin and Castle||116 (0.91%) Nader and Gonzalez||71 (0.56%)|
|2004||4,866 (39.31%) Bush and Cheney||7,410 (59.87%) Kerry and Edwards||66 (0.53%) Badnarik and Campagna||35 (0.28%) Cobb and LaMarche|
|2000||4,110 (34.38%) Bush and Cheney||7,028 (58.79%) Gore and Lieberman||72 (0.60%) Browne and Olivier||645 (5.40%) Nader and LaDuke||67 (0.56%) Buchanan and Higgins||8 (0.07%) Hagelin and Tompkins||25 (0.21%)|
|1996||3,672 (32.36%) Dole and Kemp||6,620 (58.33%) Clinton and Gore||111 (0.98%) Browne and Jorgensen||914 (8.05%) Perot and Choate||21 (0.19%) Hagelin and Tompkins||11 (0.10%) Moorehead and LaRiva|
|1992||4,409 (33.77%) Bush and Quayle||5,675 (43.47%) Clinton and Gore||39 (0.30%) Marrou and Lord||11 (0.08%) Phillips and Knight Phillips||7 (0.05%) Hagelin and Tompkins||4 (0.03%) Fulani and Munoz||2,907 (22.27%) Perot and Stockdale||4 (0.03%)|
|1988||6,440 (49.53%) Bush and Quayle||6,341 (48.77%) Dukakis and Bentsen||146 (1.12%) Paul and Marrou||66 (0.51%) Fulani and Dattner||10 (0.08%)|
|1984||7,040 (54.71%) Reagan and Bush||5,782 (44.94%) Mondale and Ferraro||36 (0.28%) Serrette and Ross||9 (0.07%)|
|1980||6,367 (46.74%) Reagan and Bush||5,071 (37.23%) Carter and Mondale||123 (0.90%) Clark and Koch||24 (0.18%) DeBerry and Zimmerman||4 (0.03%) Commoner and Harris||2,013 (14.78%) Anderson and Lucey||20 (0.15%)|
|1976||6,137 (45.55%) Ford and Dole||6,853 (50.86%) Carter and Mondale||1 (0.01%) MacBride and Bergland||42 (0.31%) Camejo and Reid||37 (0.27%) Anderson and Shackelford||43 (0.32%) LaRouche and Evans||355 (2.63%) McCarthy and Stouffer||5 (0.04%)|
|1972||6,041 (44.35%) Nixon and Agnew||7,209 (52.92%) McGovern and Shriver||61 (0.45%) Jenness and Pulley||51 (0.37%) Schmitz and Anderson||2 (0.01%) Fisher and Gunderson||1 (0.01%) Spock and Hobson|
|Year||Republican||Democratic||Twelve Visions||Libertarian||Constitution||Timesizing Not Downsizing||Conservative||Natural Law||LaRouche Was Right||Socialist Workers||U.S. Labor Party||Prohibition||Independent||Write-in votes|
|2018||4,665 (38.19%) Geoff Diehl||7,157 (58.60%) Elizabeth A. Warren||378 (3.09%) Shiva Ayyadurai||14 (0.11%)|
|2014||3,624 (38.80%) Brian J. Herr||5,706 (61.09%) Edward J. Markey||10 (0.10%)|
|2013||2,846 (49.26%) Gabriel E. Gomez||2,885 (49.93%) Edward J. Markey||26 (0.45%) Richard A. Heos||21 (0.36%)|
|2012||6,951 (50.82%) Scott P. Brown||6,715 (49.09%) Elizabeth A. Warren||12 (0.09%)|
|2010||5,979 (55.47%) Scott P. Brown||4,647 (43.11%) Martha Coakley||147 (1.36%) Joseph L. Kennedy||6 (0.06%)|
|2008||4,326 (34.93%) Jeffrey K. Beatty||7,707 (62.22%) John F. Kerry||342 (2.76%) Robert J. Underwood||11 (0.09%)|
|2006||3,048 (31.59%) Kenneth G. Chase||6,587 (68.27%) Edward M. Kennedy||14 (0.15%)|
|2002||7,522 (79.88%) John F. Kerry||1,791 (19.02%) Michael E. Cloud||67 (0.71%) Randall Forsberg||37 (0.39%)|
|2000||1,295 (11.24%) Jack E. Robinson, III||8,277 (71.89%) Edward M. Kennedy||1,457 (12.65%) Carla A. Howell||409 (3.55%) Philip F. Lawler||35 (0.30%) Philip Hyde, III||39 (0.34%) Dale E. Friedgen||5 (0.04%)|
|1996||5,173 (45.26%) William F. Weld||5,757 (50.37%) John F. Kerry||472 (4.13%) Susan C. Gallagher||28 (0.24%) Robert C. Stowe|
|1994||4,498 (43.06%) W. Mitt Romney||5,858 (56.08%) Edward M. Kennedy||65 (0.62%) Lauraleigh Dozier||25 (0.24%) William A. Ferguson Jr.|
|1990||4,905 (42.21%) Jim Rappaport||6,715 (57.79%) John F. Kerry|
|1988||5,221 (40.52%) Joseph D Malone||7,553 (58.62%) Edward M. Kennedy||64 (0.50%) Mary Fridley||22 (0.17%) Freda Lee Nason|
|1984||6,621 (51.79%) Raymond Shamie||6,159 (48.18%) John F. Kerry||4 (0.03%)|
|1982||4,692 (41.48%) Ray Shamie||6,545 (57.86%) Edward M. Kennedy||72 (0.64%) Howard S. Katz||2 (0.02%)|
|1978||4,494 (40.82%) Edward Brooke||6,504 (59.07%) Paul E. Tsongas||11 (0.10%)|
|1976||4,728 (36.59%) Michael S. Robertson||7,932 (61.39%) Edward M. Kennedy||134 (1.04%) Carol Henderson Evans||126 (0.98%) H. Graham Lowry|
|1972||7,748 (58.25%) Edward Brooke||5,417 (40.73%) John J. Droney||135 (1.01%) Donald Gurewitz||1 (0.01%)|
|1970||4,311 (38.50%) Josiah A. Spaulding||6,807 (60.80%) Edward M. Kennedy||25 (0.22%) Lawrence Gilfedder||47 (0.42%) Mark R. Shaw||6 (0.05%)|
|Year||District||Republican||Democratic||Conservative||Socialist Workers||Unenrolled||Write-in votes|
|2018||8||9,721 (98.61%) Stephen F. Lynch||137 (1.39%)|
|2016||8||3,379 (24.46%) William Burke||10,414 (75.37%) Stephen F. Lynch||24 (0.17%)|
|2014||8||7,371 (98.44%) Stephen F. Lynch||117 (1.56%)|
|2012||8||2,949 (23.01%) Joe Selvaggi||9,844 (76.81%) Stephen F. Lynch||23 (0.18%)|
|2010||9||2,474 (24.95%) Vernon M. Harrison||6,616 (66.73%) Stephen F. Lynch||810 (8.17%) Philip Dunklebarger||14 (0.14%)|
|2008||9||9,609 (98.74%) Stephen F. Lynch||123 (1.26%)|
|2006||9||2,474 (26.41%) Jack E. Robinson, III||7,407 (79.08%) Stephen F. Lynch||20 (0.21%)|
|2004||9||8,957 (100.00%) Stephen F. Lynch|
|2002||9||7,434 (98.88%) Stephen F. Lynch||84 (1.12%)|
|2001||9||1,132 (32.84%) Jo Ann Sprague||2,266 (65.74%) Stephen F. Lynch||33 (0.99%) Susan Gallagher C. Long||16 (0.48%) Brock R. Satter|
|2000||9||2,775 (24.18%) Janet E. Jeghelian||8,454 (73.65%) John Joseph Moakley||242 (2.11%) David A. Rosa||7 (0.06%)|
|1998||9||7,029 (98.96%) John Moakley||74 (1.04%)|
|1996||9||3,952 (35.55%) Paul V. Gryska||7,165 (64.45%) John Moakley|
|1994||9||3,147 (31.40%) Michael M. Murphy||6,874 (68.60%) John Moakley|
|1992||9||2,647 (21.76%) Martin D. Conboy||8,437 (69.34%) John Moakley||663 (5.45%) Lawrence C. Mackin||420 (3.45%) Robert W. Horan|
|1990||9||7,799 (68.67%) John Moakley||3,556 (31.31%) Robert W. Horan||2 (0.02%)|
|1988||9||10,200 (99.99%) John Moakley||1 (0.02%)|
|1986||9||7,001 (83.10%) John Moakley||1,423 (16.89%) Robert W. Horan||1 (0.01%)|
|Year||Republican||Democratic||United Independent||Unenrolled||Unenrolled||Green-Rainbow||Write-in votes|
|2018||8,264 (68.76%) Baker and Polito||3,711 (30.88%) Gonzalez and Palfrey||43 (0.36%)|
|2014||5,107 (52.09%) Baker and Polito||4,299 (43.84%) Coakley and Kerrigan||270 (2.75%) Falchuk and Jennings||66 (0.67%) Lively and Saunders||53 (0.54%) McCormick and Post||10 (0.10%)|
|2010||4,674 (45.18%) Baker and Tisei||4,513 (43.62%) Patrick and Murray||1,032 (9.98%) Cahill and Losocco||113 (1.09%) Stein and Purcell||13 (0.10%)|
|2006||4,111 (41.39%) Healey and Hillman||4,874 (49.07%) Patrick and Murray||736 (7.41%) Mihos and Sullivan||197 (1.98%) Ross and Robinson||14 (0.14%)|
Municipalities and communities of Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States
County seat: Dedham
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|