December 9 is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 22 days remaining until the end of the year.
|December 9 in recent years
| 2018 (Sunday)
| 2017 (Saturday)
| 2016 (Friday)
| 2015 (Wednesday)
| 2014 (Tuesday)
| 2013 (Monday)
| 2012 (Sunday)
| 2011 (Friday)
| 2010 (Thursday)
| 2009 (Wednesday)
- 480 – Odoacer, first King of Italy, occupies Dalmatia. He later establishes his political power with the co-operation of the Roman Senate.
- 536 – Gothic War: The Byzantine general Belisarius enters Rome unopposed; the Gothic garrison flee the capital.
- 730 – Battle of Marj Ardabil: The Khazars annihilate an Umayyad army and kill its commander, Al-Jarrah Ibn Abdallah Al-Hakami.
- 1425 – The Catholic University of Leuven is founded.
- 1531 – The Virgin of Guadalupe first appears to Juan Diego at Tepeyac, Mexico City.
- 1688 – Glorious Revolution: Williamite forces defeat Jacobites at Battle of Reading, forcing flight of James II from the country.
- 1775 – American Revolutionary War: British troops lose the Battle of Great Bridge, and leave Virginia soon afterward.
- 1793 – New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
- 1824 – Patriot forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre defeat a Royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho, putting an end to the Peruvian War of Independence.
- 1835 – Texas Revolution: The Texian Army captures San Antonio, Texas.
- 1851 – The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal.
- 1856 – The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
- 1861 – American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
- 1872 – In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first African-American governor of a U.S. state.
- 1892 – English football club Newcastle United is founded
- 1897 – Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper La Fronde in Paris.
- 1905 – In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
- 1911 – A mine explosion near Briceville, Tennessee, kills 84 miners despite rescue efforts led by the United States Bureau of Mines.
- 1917 – World War I: Field Marshal Allenby captures Jerusalem, Palestine.
- 1922 – Gabriel Narutowicz is elected the first president of Poland.
- 1931 – The Constituent Cortes approves a constitution which establishes the Second Spanish Republic.
- 1935 – Student protests in Beiping (now Beijing)'s Tiananmen Square, dispersed by government.
- 1935 – Walter Liggett, American newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in a gangland murder.
- 1935 – The Downtown Athletic Club Trophy, later renamed the Heisman Trophy, is awarded for the first time. The winner is halfback Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago.
- 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanking: Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing (Nanking).
- 1940 – World War II: Operation Compass: British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O'Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt.
- 1941 – World War II: The Republic of China, Cuba, Guatemala, and the Philippine Commonwealth, declare war on Germany and Japan.
- 1941 – World War II: The American 19th Bombardment Group attacks Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon.
- 1946 – The "Subsequent Nuremberg trials" begin with the "Doctors' trial", prosecuting physicians and officers alleged to be involved in Nazi human experimentation and mass murder under the guise of euthanasia.
- 1946 – The Constituent Assembly of India meets for the first time to write the Constitution of India.
- 1948 – The Genocide Convention is adopted.
- 1950 – Cold War: Harry Gold is sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
- 1953 – Red Scare: General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company.
- 1956 – Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810, a Canadair North Star, crashes near Hope, British Columbia, Canada, killing all 62 people on board.
- 1958 – The John Birch Society is founded in the United States.
- 1960 – The first episode of Coronation Street, the world's longest-running television soap opera, is broadcast in the United Kingdom.
- 1961 – Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain.
- 1962 – The Petrified Forest National Park is established in Arizona.
- 1965 – Kecksburg UFO incident: A fireball is seen from Michigan to Pennsylvania; witnesses report something crashing in the woods near Pittsburgh.
- 1965 – A Charlie Brown Christmas, first in a series of Peanuts television specials, debuts on CBS.
- 1968 – Douglas Engelbart gave what became known as "The Mother of All Demos", publicly debuting the computer mouse, hypertext, and the bit-mapped graphical user interface using the oN-Line System (NLS).
- 1969 – U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers proposes his plan for a ceasefire in the War of Attrition; Egypt and Jordan accept it over the objections of the PLO, which leads to civil war in Jordan in September 1970.
- 1971 – Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Air Force executes an airdrop of Indian Army units, bypassing Pakistani defences.
- 1973 – British and Irish authorities sign the Sunningdale Agreement in an attempt to establish a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and a cross-border Council of Ireland.
- 1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first of only two diseases that have been driven to extinction (rinderpest in 2011 being the other).
- 1982 – Explosion in office belonging to the Kuwait Airways in Athens.
- 1987 – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: The First Intifada begins in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.
- 1988 – The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland, is officially opened.
- 1992 – American troops land in Somalia for Operation Restore Hope.
- 1996 – Gwen Jacob is acquitted of committing an indecent act, giving women the right to be topfree in Ontario, Canada.
- 2003 – A blast in the center of Moscow kills six people and wounds several more.
- 2008 – The Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for crimes including attempting to sell the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama.
- 2012 – A plane crash in Mexico kills seven people.
- 2013 – At least seven are dead and 63 are injured following a train accident near Bintaro, Indonesia.
- 2015 – The start of the thirty-sixth GCC summit in Riyadh business.
- 2016 – President Park Geun-hye of South Korea is impeached by the country's National Assembly in response to a major political scandal. Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn becomes Acting President, later declining to run for a full term.
- 2016 – At least 57 people are killed and a further 177 injured when two schoolgirl suicide bombers attack a market area in Madagali, Northeastern Nigeria in the Madagali suicide bombings.
- 2017 – Australia becomes the 26th country to legalize same-sex marriage.
- 2017 – ISIL is eliminated from Iraq. 
- 1392 – Peter, Duke of Coimbra (d. 1449)
- 1447 – Chenghua Emperor of China (d. 1487)
- 1482 – Frederick II, Elector Palatine (d. 1556)
- 1493 – Íñigo López de Mendoza, 4th Duke of the Infantado (d. 1566)
- 1508 – Gemma Frisius, Dutch mathematician and cartographer (d. 1555)
- 1561 – Edwin Sandys, English lawyer and politician (d. 1629)
- 1571 – Metius, Dutch mathematician and astronomer (d. 1635)
- 1579 – Martin de Porres, Peruvian saint (d. 1639)
- 1594 – Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (d. 1632)
- 1608 – John Milton, English poet and philosopher (d. 1674)
- 1610 – Baldassare Ferri, Italian singer and actor (d. 1680)
- 1617 – Richard Lovelace, English poet (d. 1657)
- 1652 – Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist (d. 1723)
- 1667 – William Whiston, English mathematician, historian, and theologian (d. 1752)
- 1717 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist and historian (d. 1768)
- 1721 – Peter Pelham, English-American organist and composer (d. 1805)
- 1728 – Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi, Italian composer (d. 1804)
- 1742 – Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish Pomeranian and German pharmaceutical chemist (d. 1786)
- 1745 – Maddalena Laura Sirmen, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1818)
- 1748 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist and academic (d. 1822)
- 1752 – Antoine Étienne de Tousard, French general and engineer (d. 1813)
- 1787 – John Dobson, English architect, designed Eldon Square and Lilburn Tower (d. 1865)
- 1779 – Tabitha Babbitt, American tool maker and inventor (d. 1853)
- 1806 – Jean-Olivier Chénier, Canadian physician (d. 1838)
- 1813 – Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (d. 1885)
- 1837 – Émile Waldteufel, French pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1915)
- 1842 – Peter Kropotkin, Russian zoologist, economist, geographer, and philosopher (d. 1921)
- 1845 – Joel Chandler Harris, American journalist and author (d. 1908)
- 1850 – Emma Abbott, American soprano and actress (d. 1891)
- 1861 – Hélène Smith, French psychic and occultist (d. 1929)
- 1867 – Gregorios Xenopoulos, Greek journalist and author (d. 1951)
- 1868 – Fritz Haber, Polish-German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1934)
- 1870 – Ida S. Scudder, Indian physician and missionary (d. 1960)
- 1871 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player and manager (d. 1943)
- 1873 – George Blewett, Canadian philosopher, author, and academic (d. 1912)
- 1875 – Harry Miller, American engineer (d. 1943)
- 1876 – Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1940)
- 1882 – Elmer Booth, American actor (d. 1915)
- 1882 – Joaquín Turina, Spanish-French composer, critic, and educator (d. 1949)
- 1883 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, theorist, and academic (d. 1950)
- 1883 – Alexander Papagos, Greek general and politician, 152nd Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1955)
- 1883 – Joseph Pilates, German-American fitness expert, developed Pilates (d. 1967)
- 1886 – Clarence Birdseye, American businessman, founded Birds Eye (d. 1956)
- 1887 – Tim Moore, American actor (d. 1958)
- 1889 – Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish-American runner (d. 1966)
- 1890 – Laura Salverson, Canadian author (d. 1970)
- 1891 – Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet and critic (d. 1917)
- 1892 – André Randall, French actor (d. 1974)
- 1895 – Dolores Ibárruri, Spanish activist, journalist and politician (d. 1989)
- 1895 – Conchita Supervía, Spanish soprano and actress (d. 1936)
- 1897 – Hermione Gingold, English actress and singer (d. 1987)
- 1898 – Emmett Kelly, American clown and actor (d. 1979)
- 1899 – Jean de Brunhoff, French author and illustrator (d. 1937)
- 1900 – Margaret Brundage, American illustrator, known for illustrating pulp magazine Weird Tales (d. 1976)
- 1900 – Albert Weisbord, American activist, founded the Communist League of Struggle (d. 1977)
- 1901 – Jean Mermoz, French pilot and politician (d. 1936)
- 1901 – Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-German author and playwright (d. 1938)
- 1902 – Margaret Hamilton, American schoolteacher, actress and voice artist (d. 1985)
- 1904 – Robert Livingston, American actor and singer (d. 1988)
- 1905 – Dalton Trumbo, American author, screenwriter, and blacklistee (d. 1976)
- 1906 – Grace Hopper, American admiral and computer scientist, designed COBOL (d. 1992)
- 1906 – Freddy Martin, American bandleader and tenor saxophonist (d. 1983)
- 1909 – Douglas Fairbanks Jr., American captain, actor, and producer (d. 2000)
- 1911 – Broderick Crawford, American actor (d. 1986)
- 1911 – Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese colonel and businessman (d. 2007)
- 1912 – Tip O'Neill, American lawyer and politician, 55th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1994)
- 1912 – Jim Turnesa, American golfer (d. 1971)
- 1914 – Max Manus, Norwegian lieutenant (d. 1996)
- 1914 – Frances Reid, American actress (d. 2010)
- 1914 – Ljubica Sokić, Serbian painter and illustrator (d. 2009)
- 1915 – Eloise Jarvis McGraw, American author (d. 2000)
- 1915 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-Austrian soprano and actress (d. 2006)
- 1916 – Jerome Beatty Jr., American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 2002)
- 1916 – Kirk Douglas, American actor, singer, and producer
- 1916 – Colin McCool, Australian cricketer (d. 1986)
- 1917 – James Jesus Angleton, American CIA agent (d. 1987)
- 1917 – James Rainwater, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
- 1918 – Joyce Redman, Irish-born British actress (d. 2012)
- 1919 – V. Dakshinamoorthy, Indian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
- 1919 – William Lipscomb, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
- 1920 – Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian economist and politician, 10th President of Italy (d. 2016)
- 1920 – Bruno Ruffo, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver (d. 2007)
- 1922 – Redd Foxx, American actor (d. 1991)
- 1925 – Roy Rubin, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
- 1926 – Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, photographer, and mountaineer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
- 1926 – David Nathan, British journalist (d. 2001)
- 1926 – Jan Křesadlo, Czech-English psychologist and author (d. 1995)
- 1926 – Lorenzo Wright, American sprinter and coach (d. 1972)
- 1927 – Pierre Henry, French composer (d. 2017)
- 1928 – Joan Blos, American author and educator (d. 2017)
- 1928 – André Milhoux, Belgian race car driver
- 1928 – Dick Van Patten, American actor (d. 2015)
- 1929 – John Cassavetes, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1989)
- 1929 – Bob Hawke, Australian union leader and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia
- 1930 – Buck Henry, American actor, director, and screenwriter
- 1930 – Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores, Guatemalan soldier and politician, 27th President of Guatemala (d. 2016)
- 1931 – William Reynolds, American actor
- 1931 – Ladislav Smoljak, Czech actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
- 1931 – Paddi Edwards, English-American actress (d. 1999)
- 1932 – Donald Byrd, American trumpet player and academic (d. 2013)
- 1932 – Bill Hartack, American jockey (d. 2007)
- 1932 – Billy Edd Wheeler, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and playwright
- 1933 – Ashleigh Brilliant, English-American author and illustrator
- 1933 – Milt Campbell, American decathlete and football player (d. 2012)
- 1933 – Morton Downey Jr., American singer-songwriter, actor, and talk show host (d. 2001)
- 1933 – Orville Moody, American golfer (d. 2008)
- 1934 – Judi Dench, English actress
- 1934 – Junior Wells, American blues singer-songwriter and harmonica player (d. 1998)
- 1938 – David Houston, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993)
- 1938 – Deacon Jones, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2013)
- 1938 – Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Greek epidemiologist, oncologist, and academic (d. 2014)
- 1940 – Clancy Eccles, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2005)
- 1941 – Mehmet Ali Birand, Turkish journalist and author (d. 2013)
- 1941 – Beau Bridges, American actor, director, and producer
- 1941 – Dan Hicks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
- 1942 – Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1997)
- 1942 – Dick Butkus, American football player, sportscaster, and actor
- 1942 – Germain Gagnon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2014)
- 1942 – Fred Jones, Australian rugby league player
- 1942 – Joe McGinniss, American journalist and author (d. 2014)
- 1943 – Pit Martin, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2008)
- 1943 – Joanna Trollope, English author, playwright, and director
- 1943 – Kenny Vance, American singer-songwriter and music producer
- 1944 – Neil Innes, English singer-songwriter
- 1944 – Ki Longfellow, American author, playwright, and producer
- 1944 – Bob O'Connor, American businessman and politician, 57th Mayor of Pittsburgh (d. 2006)
- 1945 – Michael Nouri, American actor
- 1946 – David Currie, Baron Currie of Marylebone, English economist and academic
- 1946 – Dennis Dunaway, American bass player and songwriter
- 1946 – Sonia Gandhi, Italian-Indian politician
- 1946 – Nicholas Reade, English bishop
- 1947 – Tom Daschle, American soldier, academic, and politician
- 1947 – Jaak Jõerüüt, Estonian politician, 24th Estonian Minister of Defense
- 1947 – Allan Jones, English cricketer and umpire
- 1948 – Marleen Gorris, Dutch director and screenwriter
- 1948 – Jonathan Sumption, English historian, author, and judge
- 1949 – Tom Kite, American golfer and architect
- 1950 – Joan Armatrading, Kittian-English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1952 – Liaqat Baloch, Pakistani politician
- 1952 – Michael Dorn, American actor and voice artist
- 1953 – Cornelis de Bondt, Dutch composer and educator
- 1953 – World B. Free, American basketball player
- 1953 – John Malkovich, American actor and producer
- 1954 – Phil Bryant, American academic and politician, 63rd Governor of Mississippi
- 1954 – Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourger lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Luxembourg
- 1954 – Henk ten Cate, Dutch footballer and manager
- 1955 – Otis Birdsong, American basketball player and radio host
- 1955 – Chamras Saewataporn, Thai singer-songwriter
- 1956 – Sylvia, American country singer-songwriter
- 1956 – Jean-Pierre Thiollet, French journalist and author
- 1957 – Peter O'Mara, Australian guitarist and composer
- 1957 – Donny Osmond, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
- 1957 – Steve Taylor, American singer-songwriter and producer
- 1958 – Nick Seymour, Australian bass player, songwriter, and producer
- 1959 – Susan Bullock, English soprano
- 1960 – Stefen Fangmeier, American visual effects designer and director
- 1960 – Caroline Lucas, English activist and politician
- 1960 – Terry Moran, American journalist
- 1960 – Dobroslav Paraga, Croatian politician
- 1960 – Juan Samuel, Dominican-American baseball player and manager
- 1961 – David Anthony Higgins, American actor and screenwriter
- 1962 – Felicity Huffman, American actress and producer
- 1962 – Roxanne Swentzell, Santa Clara Pueblo (Native American) ceramic sculptor
- 1963 – Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
- 1963 – Dave Hilton Jr., Canadian boxer
- 1964 – Michael Foster, American drummer
- 1964 – Ross Harrington, Australian rugby league player
- 1964 – Hape Kerkeling, German actor and singer
- 1964 – Les Kiss, Australian rugby league player
- 1964 – Johannes B. Kerner, German journalist and sportscaster
- 1964 – Paul Landers, German guitarist
- 1965 – Joe Ausanio, American baseball player and coach
- 1966 – Kirsten Gillibrand, American lawyer and politician
- 1966 – Dave Harold, English snooker player
- 1966 – Gideon Sa'ar, Israeli lawyer and politician, 24th Israeli Minister of Internal Affairs
- 1966 – Martin Taylor, English footballer and coach
- 1967 – Joshua Bell, American violinist and conductor
- 1967 – Jason Dozzell, English footballer and manager
- 1968 – Brian Bell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1968 – Brent Price, American basketball player
- 1969 – Jakob Dylan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1969 – Saskia Garel, Jamaican-Canadian singer-songwriter
- 1969 – Lori Greiner, American businesswoman
- 1969 – Bixente Lizarazu, French footballer
- 1969 – Raphaël Rouquier, French mathematician and academic
- 1970 – Kara DioGuardi, American singer-songwriter and producer
- 1970 – Lance Krall, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1971 – Geoff Barrow, English drummer, DJ, composer, and producer
- 1971 – Nick Hysong, American pole vaulter and coach
- 1971 – Petr Nedvěd, Czech-Canadian ice hockey player
- 1972 – Reiko Aylesworth, American actress
- 1972 – Tré Cool, German-American drummer and songwriter
- 1972 – Michael Corcoran, American singer-songwriter and producer
- 1972 – Saima Wazed Hossain, Bangladeshi psychologist
- 1972 – Fabrice Santoro, Tahitian-French tennis player and sportscaster
- 1973 – Fabio Artico, Italian footballer
- 1973 – Vénuste Niyongabo, Burundian runner
- 1973 – Bárbara Padilla, Mexican-American soprano
- 1974 – Canibus, Jamaican-American rapper
- 1974 – Aloísio da Silva Filho, Brazilian footballer
- 1974 – Wendy Dillinger, American soccer player, coach, and manager
- 1976 – Chris Booker, American baseball player
- 1977 – Shayne Graham, American football player
- 1977 – Imogen Heap, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
- 1978 – Gastón Gaudio, Argentinian tennis player
- 1978 – Jesse Metcalfe, American actor and musician
- 1979 – Olivia Lufkin, Japanese-American singer-songwriter
- 1979 – Stephen McPhail, Irish footballer
- 1979 – Aiko Uemura, Japanese skier
- 1980 – Simon Helberg, American actor, comedian, and musician
- 1980 – Ryder Hesjedal, Canadian cyclist
- 1980 – Mark Riddell, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
- 1981 – Mardy Fish, American tennis player
- 1982 – Tamilla Abassova, Russian cyclist
- 1982 – Nathalie De Vos, Belgian runner
- 1982 – Ryan Grant, American football player
- 1982 – Bastian Swillims, German sprinter
- 1983 – Jermaine Beckford, English-Jamaican footballer
- 1983 – Neslihan Demir Darnel, Turkish volleyball player
- 1983 – Dariusz Dudka, Polish footballer
- 1984 – Michael Adam, German politician
- 1984 – Ángel Guirado, Spanish–Filipino footballer
- 1984 – Leon Hall, American football player
- 1985 – Wil Besseling, Dutch golfer
- 1987 – Kostas Giannoulis, Greek footballer
- 1987 – Mat Latos, American baseball player
- 1987 – Hikaru Nakamura, Japanese-American chess player
- 1988 – Kwadwo Asamoah, Ghanaian footballer
- 1990 – Denise Hannema, Dutch cricketer
- 1991 – Choi Minho, Korean singer and actor
- 1993 – Mark McMorris, Canadian snowboarder
- 1993 – Laura Smulders, Dutch cyclist
- 1995 – McKayla Maroney, American gymnast
- 1996 – MyKayla Skinner, American gymnast
- 1999 – Riley Clemmons, American Christian musician
- 2000 – Diāna Ņikitina, Latvian figure skater
- 638 – Sergius I of Constantinople
- 730 – Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah, Arab general
- 748 – Nasr ibn Sayyar, Umayyad general and politician (b. 663)
- 933 – Li Congrong, prince of Later Tang
- 1048 – Al-Biruni, Persian mathematician (b. 973)
- 1117 – Gertrude of Brunswick, Markgräfin of Meißen
- 1165 – Malcolm IV of Scotland (b. 1141)
- 1242 – Richard le Gras, Lord Keeper of England and Abbot of Evesham
- 1268 – Vaišvilkas, Prince of Black Ruthenia, Grand Duke of Lithuania
- 1299 – Bohemond I, Archbishop of Trier
- 1437 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1368)
- 1544 – Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (b. 1491)
- 1565 – Pope Pius IV (b. 1499)
- 1603 – William Watson, English priest (b. 1559)
- 1625 – Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
- 1636 – Fabian Birkowski, Polish preacher and author (b. 1566)
- 1641 – Anthony van Dyck, Belgian-English painter and illustrator (b. 1599)
- 1669 – Pope Clement IX (b. 1600)
- 1674 – Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, English historian and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1609)
- 1706 – Peter II of Portugal (b. 1648)
- 1718 – Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian monk and cartographer (b. 1650)
- 1793 – Yolande de Polastron, French-Austrian educator (b. 1749)
- 1798 – Johann Reinhold Forster, German pastor, botanist, and ornithologist (b. 1729)
- 1830 – Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist, and academic (b. 1757)
- 1854 – Almeida Garrett, Portuguese journalist and author (b. 1799)
- 1858 – Robert Baldwin, Canadian lawyer and politician, 3rd Premier of Canada West (b. 1804)
- 1887 – Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese religious leader
- 1906 – Ferdinand Brunetière, French author and critic (b. 1849)
- 1916 – Natsume Sōseki, Japanese author and poet (b. 1867)
- 1924 – Bernard Zweers, Dutch composer and educator (b. 1854)
- 1930 – Rube Foster, American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)
- 1932 – Karl Blossfeldt, German photographer, sculptor, and educator (b. 1865)
- 1932 – Begum Rokeya, Bangladeshi social worker and author (b. 1880)
- 1935 – Walter Liggett, American journalist and activist (b. 1886)
- 1937 – Lilias Armstrong, English phonetician (b. 1882)
- 1937 – Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
- 1941 – Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian author, poet, and philosopher (b. 1865)
- 1943 – Georges Dufrénoy, French painter (b. 1870)
- 1944 – Laird Cregar, American actor (b. 1913)
- 1945 – Yun Chi-ho, South Korean activist and politician (b. 1864)
- 1957 – Ali İhsan Sâbis, Turkish general (b. 1882)
- 1963 – Daniel O. Fagunwa, Nigerian author and educator (b. 1903)
- 1963 – Perry Miller, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1905)
- 1964 – Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (b. 1887)
- 1965 – Branch Rickey, American baseball player and manager (b. 1884)
- 1967 – Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and judge, 3rd President of the European Court of Justice (b. 1898)
- 1968 – Enoch L. Johnson, American mob boss (b. 1883)
- 1970 – Artem Mikoyan, Armenian-Russian engineer and businessman, co-founded the Mikoyan Company (b. 1905)
- 1970 – Feroz Khan Noon, Pakistani politician, 7th Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1893)
- 1971 – Ralph Bunche, American political scientist, academic, and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
- 1971 – Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor and painter (b. 1874)
- 1972 – Louella Parsons, American writer and columnist (b. 1881)
- 1975 – William A. Wellman, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1896)
- 1979 – Fulton J. Sheen, American archbishop (b. 1895)
- 1982 – Leon Jaworski, American lawyer and politician (b. 1905)
- 1991 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898)
- 1992 – Vincent Gardenia, American actor (b. 1922)
- 1993 – Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and manager (b. 1926)
- 1995 – Toni Cade Bambara, American author and academic (b. 1939)
- 1995 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (b. 1907)
- 1996 – Patty Donahue, American singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
- 1996 – Mary Leakey, English archaeologist and anthropologist (b. 1913)
- 1996 – Alain Poher, French lawyer and politician (b. 1909)
- 1996 – Diana Morgan, Welsh playwright and screenwriter (b. 1908)
- 1998 – Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1948)
- 1998 – Archie Moore, American boxer and actor (b. 1913)
- 2001 – Michael Carver, Baron Carver, English field marshal (b. 1915)
- 2002 – Mary Hansen, Australian singer and guitarist (b. 1966)
- 2002 – Ian Hornak, American painter and sculptor (b. 1944)
- 2002 – Stan Rice, American painter and poet (b. 1942)
- 2003 – Norm Sloan, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
- 2003 – Paul Simon, American soldier, journalist, and politician, 39th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois (b. 1928)
- 2005 – György Sándor, Hungarian-American pianist and educator (b. 1912)
- 2005 – Robert Sheckley, American author (b. 1928)
- 2006 – Georgia Gibbs, American singer (b. 1919)
- 2007 – Rafael Sperafico, Brazilian race car driver (b. 1981)
- 2007 – Gordon Zahn, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1918)
- 2008 – Ibrahim Dossey, Ghanaian footballer (b. 1972)
- 2008 – Yury Glazkov, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1939)
- 2009 – Gene Barry, American actor (b. 1919)
- 2010 – James Moody, American saxophonist, flute player, and composer (b. 1925)
- 2010 – Dov Shilansky, Lithuanian-Israeli lawyer and politician, 10th Speaker of the Knesset (b. 1924)
- 2012 – Béla Nagy Abodi, Hungarian painter and academic (b. 1918)
- 2012 – Patrick Moore, English lieutenant, astronomer, and educator (b. 1923)
- 2012 – Alex Moulton, English engineer and businessman, founded the Moulton Bicycle Company (b. 1920)
- 2012 – Jenni Rivera, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (b. 1969)
- 2012 – Charles Rosen, American pianist and musicologist (b. 1927)
- 2012 – Riccardo Schicchi, Italian director and producer, co-founded Diva Futura (b. 1953)
- 2012 – Norman Joseph Woodland, American inventor, co-created the bar code (b. 1921)
- 2013 – John Gabbert, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (b. 1909)
- 2013 – Barbara Hesse-Bukowska, Polish pianist and educator (b. 1930)
- 2013 – Eleanor Parker, American actress (b. 1922)
- 2013 – John Wilbur, American football player (b. 1943)
- 2014 – Sacvan Bercovitch, Canadian-American author, critic, and academic (b. 1933)
- 2014 – Jane Freilicher, American painter and poet (b. 1924)
- 2014 – Jorge María Mejía, Argentinian cardinal (b. 1923)
- 2014 – Mary Ann Mobley, American model and actress, Miss America 1959 (b. 1937)
- 2014 – Blagoje Paunović, Serbian footballer and manager (b. 1947)
- 2014 – Jože Toporišič, Slovenian linguist and author (b. 1926)
- 2015 – Soshana Afroyim, Austrian painter (b. 1927)
- 2015 – Norman Breslow, American statistician and academic (b. 1941)
- 2015 – Juvenal Juvêncio, Brazilian lawyer and politician (b. 1934)
- 2015 – Julio Terrazas Sandoval, Bolivian cardinal (b. 1936)
Holidays and observances
- ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-iraq-parade/iraq-holds-victory-parade-after-defeating-islamic-state-idUSKBN1E407Z
- ^ "Sheikh Hasina's 70th birthday today | Independent". www.theindependentbd.com. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
External links Adam Levine
Adam Noah Levine (born March 18, 1979) is an American singer, songwriter, and actor. He is the lead singer for the pop rock band Maroon 5. Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, Levine began his musical career in 1994, when he co-founded the band Kara's Flowers, of which he was the lead vocalist and guitarist. The band split up after their only album, The Fourth World (released in 1997), which did not gain popularity. In 2001, the group was reformed – with guitarist James Valentine joining the line-up – and began a new musical chapter, changing their name to Maroon 5. In 2002, the band released their first album, Songs About Jane, which went multi-platinum in the US. Since then, they have released five more albums: It Won't Be Soon Before Long (2007), Hands All Over (2010), Overexposed (2012), V (2014), and Red Pill Blues (2017). As part of Maroon 5, Levine has received three Grammy Awards, three American Music Awards, four Billboard Music Awards, an MTV Video Music Award, and a World Music Award.
Since its inception, Levine had been a coach on NBC's reality talent show The Voice, and won three times with a member of his team (seasons 1, 5 and 9). In 2012, Levine made his acting debut as a recurring character in American Horror Story: Asylum for the series' second season. Levine also starred in the films Begin Again (2013) and The Clapper (2017). As an entrepreneur, Levine launched his own eponymous fragrance line in 2013. The same year, he collaborated with K-Mart and ShopYourWay.com to develop his menswear collection. He also owns a record label, 222 Records and a production company 222 Productions. In 2013, The Hollywood Reporter reported that "sources familiar with his many business dealings" estimated Levine would earn more than $35 million that year. Donny Osmond
Donald Clark Osmond (born December 9, 1957) is an American singer, dancer, actor, and former teen idol. Osmond has also been a talk and game show host, record producer and author. In the mid-1960s, he and four of his elder brothers gained fame as the Osmonds. Osmond went solo in the early 1970s, earning several top ten hits including, "Go Away Little Girl", "Puppy Love", and later, "Soldier of Love".
For more than 40 years, he and younger sister Marie have also gained fame as Donny & Marie, partly due to the success of their 1976–79 self-titled variety series, which aired on ABC and a string of gold records. The duo also did a 1998–2000 talk show and have been headlining in Las Vegas since 2008.
Osmond is also the celebrity winner of the ninth season of Dancing with the Stars. Google Search
Google Search, also referred to as Google Web Search or simply Google, is a web search engine developed by Google LLC. It is the most used search engine on the World Wide Web across all platforms, with 92.74% market share as of October 2018, handling more than 3.5 billion searches each day.The order of search results returned by Google is based, in part, on a priority rank system called "PageRank". Google Search also provides many different options for customized search, using symbols to include, exclude, specify or require certain search behavior, and offers specialized interactive experiences, such as flight status and package tracking, weather forecasts, currency, unit and time conversions, word definitions, and more.
The main purpose of Google Search is to hunt for text in publicly accessible documents offered by web servers, as opposed to other data, such as images or data contained in databases. It was originally developed by Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1997. In June 2011 Google introduced "Google Voice Search" to search for spoken, rather than typed, words. In May 2012 Google introduced a Knowledge Graph semantic search feature in the U.S.
Analysis of the frequency of search terms may indicate economic, social and health trends. Data about the frequency of use of search terms on Google can be openly inquired via Google Trends and have been shown to correlate with flu outbreaks and unemployment levels, and provide the information faster than traditional reporting methods and surveys. As of mid-2016, Google's search engine has begun to rely on deep neural networks.Competitors of Google include Baidu and Soso.com in China; Naver.com and Daum.net in South Korea; Yandex in Russia; Seznam.cz in the Czech Republic; Yahoo in Japan, Taiwan and the US, as well as Bing and DuckDuckGo. Some smaller search engines offer facilities not available with Google, e.g. not storing any private or tracking information.
Within the US, as of July 2018, Microsoft Sites handled 24.2 percent of all search queries in the United States. During the same period of time, Oath (formerly known as Yahoo) had a search market share of 11.5 percent. Market leader Google generated 63.2 percent of all core search queries in the United States. Jenni Rivera
Dolores Janney "Jenni" Rivera Saavedra (July 2, 1969 – December 9, 2012) was an American singer, songwriter, actress, television producer, spokesperson, philanthropist and entrepreneur known for her work within the Banda and ranchera music genres. In life and death, several media outlets including CNN, Billboard, Fox News, and The New York Times have labeled her as the most important female figure and top selling female artist in the Mexican music genre. Billboard magazine named her the "top Latin artist of 2013", and the "best selling Latin artist of 2013".
Rivera began recording music in 1992. Her recordings often had themes of social issues, infidelity, and relationships. Rivera released her first studio album, Si Quieres Verme Llorar, in the late 1990s, failing to attain commercial success; however, she rose to prominence in the United States and Mexico with her major-label debut, Parrandera, Rebelde y Atrevida. In the early 2000s, she was often criticized and was refused bookings at venues across California for performing Banda music—a male-dominated music genre. However, her popularity grew after she won the Lo Nuestro Award for Regional Mexican Female Artist of the Year in 2007, which she won nine consecutive times. Her tenth studio album, Jenni (2008) became her first No.1 record on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart in the United States. In 2010, she appeared in and produced the reality TV show Jenni Rivera Presents: Chiquis & Raq-C. She also appeared in and produced I Love Jenni starting in 2011 through 2013 and Chiquis 'n Control in 2012. Her acting debut was in the film Filly Brown, which was released in 2013.
Over the course of her career, Rivera was awarded two Oye! Awards (Mexico's equivalent to the United States' Grammy Awards), two Billboard Music Awards, twenty-two Billboard Latin Music Awards, eleven Billboard Mexican Music Awards and eighteen Lo Nuestro Awards. She received four Latin Grammy nominations. She has a star on the Las Vegas Walk of Stars, and she is one of the best-selling regional Mexican artists of all time, having sold more than 20 million records worldwide, also making her the highest-earning banda singer of all time.
Aside from music, she was active in her community and donated her time to civic causes. The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence appointed her its spokesperson in the United States. A proclamation was given officially naming August 6 “Jenni Rivera Day” by the Los Angeles City Council for all her charity work and community involvement.
Rivera, along with six others, died in a plane crash near Monterrey, Mexico, on December 9, 2012. An investigation was unable to determine the causes of the accident. Lawsuits involving the owners of the plane, Rivera's estate, and family members of those on board with Rivera were filed. John Malkovich
John Gavin Malkovich (born December 9, 1953) is an American actor, producer, and fashion designer. He has appeared in more than 70 films.
For his roles in Places in the Heart and In the Line of Fire, he received Academy Award nominations. He has appeared in films including Empire of the Sun, The Killing Fields, Johnny English, Con Air, Of Mice and Men, Rounders, Ripley's Game, Being John Malkovich, Shadow of the Vampire, Burn After Reading, Red, Mulholland Falls, Dangerous Liaisons, Warm Bodies, and Bird Box, as well as producing films such as Ghost World, Juno, and The Perks of Being a Wallflower. Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Caroline Dunst (; born April 30, 1982) is an American actress. She made her debut in the 1989 anthology film New York Stories, appearing in the segment Oedipus Wrecks directed by Woody Allen. At the age of twelve, Dunst gained widespread recognition as Claudia in Interview with the Vampire (1994), for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress. She appeared in Little Women the same year and in Jumanji the following year. After a recurring role on the third season of ER (1996–97), and appearances in films such as Wag the Dog (1997), Small Soldiers (1998), the 1998 English dub of Kiki's Delivery Service (1989) and The Virgin Suicides (1999), Dunst starred in a string of comedies, including Drop Dead Gorgeous, Dick (both 1999), Bring It On (2000), Get Over It and Crazy/Beautiful (both 2001).
Dunst achieved fame for her portrayal of Mary Jane Watson in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy (2002–2007). Since then, her films have included Mona Lisa Smile (2003), Wimbledon, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (both 2004), Cameron Crowe's Elizabethtown (2005), the title role in Sofia Coppola's Marie Antoinette (2006), How to Lose Friends & Alienate People (2008), Bachelorette (2012), and The Two Faces of January (2014). In 2011, she won Best Actress at Cannes for her performance in Lars von Trier's Melancholia.
In 2015, Dunst starred as Peggy Blumquist on the second season of the television series Fargo. Her performance garnered critical acclaim, leading to her winning the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actress, and being nominated for Golden Globe and Primetime Emmy awards.
In 2017, Dunst received a Screen Actors Guild Award for her performance in the film Hidden Figures, and co-starred in her third collaboration with Sofia Coppola, The Beguiled. List of highest-attended concerts
This page lists the highest-attended concerts of all time. The oldest 100,000-crowd concert reported to Billboard Boxscore is Grateful Dead's gig at the Raceway Park, Englishtown, New Jersey on September 3, 1977. The concert was attended by 107,019 people, which remains the largest ticketed concert in the United States to date. Frank Sinatra, Tina Turner, and Paul McCartney broke the record respectively in Maracanã Stadium. With an audience of over 184,000 people on April 21, 1990, McCartney held the record for 27 years. Italian singer Vasco Rossi surpassed McCartney's record with his solo concert on July 1, 2017. The concert was a celebration of his 40 years of career.
Although the attendance numbers of free concerts are known to be exaggerations, several concerts have been reported to have a million audience or more. According to the Guinness World Records, Rod Stewart's show in Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro, remains the highest-attended free concert with an estimated 3.5 million audience. List of tallest buildings in Los Angeles
The tallest building in Los Angeles is the Wilshire Grand Center, which became the tallest building in 2016. It is also the tallest building in the U.S. state of California.
The Wilshire Grand Center also stands as the tallest building west of the Mississippi River, and the 9th-tallest building in the United States. Seven of the ten tallest buildings in California are located in Los Angeles. The 73-story U.S. Bank Tower, which rises 1,018 feet (310 m) in Downtown Los Angeles and was completed in 1989, is now the second-tallest building in Los Angeles.
The history of skyscrapers in Los Angeles began with the 1903 completion of the Braly Building, which is often regarded as the first high-rise in the city; it rises 13 floors and 151 feet (46 m) in height. The building, originally constructed as a commercial structure, has since been renovated into a residential tower and is now known as the "Continental Building".In 1904, Los Angeles imposed height restrictions throughout the city, prohibiting the construction of any building taller than 150 ft/46 m. An exception was made for the Los Angeles City Hall, built in 1928, which stands at 454 ft/138 m). This effectively limited the height of non-government buildings to 13 stories, and was intended to address local concerns about growing congestion and over development at the time. That height limit was lifted in Downtown Los Angeles by the city government in 1957.
Los Angeles (and especially Downtown) then went through a large building boom that lasted from the early 1960s to the early 1990s, during which time the city saw the completion of 23 of its 30 tallest buildings, including the U.S. Bank Tower, the Aon Center, and Two California Plaza. Modern skyscrapers are difficult and expensive to construct in Los Angeles due to the city's high rate of earthquakes and position near the San Andreas fault line, as well as the resulting difficulty of adhering to the city's rigorous engineering standards. Nevertheless, a number of successful and iconic skyscrapers dot the Los Angeles skyline from Downtown Los Angeles through Koreatown. Along the Wilshire Corridor, Miracle Mile and Century City areas of the cities westside. Other skyscraper hubs are hotels on Century Boulevard by LAX, the Hollywood district in central L.A. Warner Center, NoHo and Universal City in the San Fernando Valley.
LA's west side has so many skyscrapers, often Wilshire Boulevard in the Westwood District, along with Century City's skyscrapers are often confused with being L.A.'s downtown by visitors arriving from LAX.
As of January 2018, Los Angeles has a total of 740 high-rise buildings over 115 feet (35 m), 90 buildings over 300 feet (91.5 m); 47 buildings over 400 feet (121.9 m); 19 buildings over 600 feet (183 m) in height including two supertalls over 1,000 feet (305 m), the Wilshire Grand and US Bank Tower. Its skyline is ranked 1st in the Pacific coast region and 4th in the United States, after New York City, Chicago, and Miami. National Register of Historic Places listings in Victoria County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Victoria County, Texas.
This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Victoria County, Texas. There are one district and 114 individual properties listed on the National Register in the county. An additional property has since been delisted. Two properties are designated State Antiquities Landmarks while 26 are Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 8, 2019. Pizzagate conspiracy theory
Pizzagate is a debunked conspiracy theory that went viral during the 2016 United States presidential election cycle. The conspiracy theory has been extensively discredited and debunked by a wide array of organizations, including the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia.In the fall of 2016, the personal email account of John Podesta, Hillary Clinton's campaign manager, was hacked in a spear-phishing attack, and his emails were subsequently made public by WikiLeaks. Proponents of the Pizzagate conspiracy theory falsely claimed that the emails contained coded messages referring to human trafficking and connecting several U.S. restaurants and high-ranking officials of the Democratic Party with an alleged child sex ring involving the Washington, D.C. restaurant Comet Ping Pong.Members of the alt-right and other opponents of Clinton's presidential campaign spread the conspiracy theory on social media outlets such as 4chan and Twitter. A man from North Carolina traveled to Comet Ping Pong to investigate this conspiracy, during which he fired a rifle inside the restaurant. In addition, the restaurant owner and staff received death threats. Reign (TV series)
Reign is an American historical romantic drama television series following the early exploits of Mary, Queen of Scots. The series, created by Stephanie SenGupta and Laurie McCarthy, premiered on October 17, 2013, on The CW, and concluded after four seasons on June 16, 2017. Scarface (1983 film)
Scarface is a 1983 American crime film directed by Brian De Palma and written by Oliver Stone, a remake of the 1932 film of the same name. The film tells the story of Cuban refugee Tony Montana (Al Pacino) who arrives in 1980s Miami with nothing and rises to become a powerful drug kingpin. The cast also features Michelle Pfeiffer, Steven Bauer, Robert Loggia, F. Murray Abraham and Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio.Pacino became interested in a remake of the 1932 version after seeing it, and he and producer Martin Bregman began to develop it. Sidney Lumet was initially hired to direct the film before he was replaced by De Palma, who hired Stone to write the script. Filming took place from November 1982 and concluded in May 1983. The film was shot in Louisville and in Los Angeles. The film's soundtrack was composed by Giorgio Moroder.
Scarface was released on December 9, 1983 and grossed $44 million at the domestic box office and $65.9 million worldwide. Initial critical reception was negative, with criticism over excessive violence and profanity and graphic drug usage. Some Cuban expatriates in Miami objected to the film's portrayal of Cubans as criminals and drug traffickers. In the years that followed, however, the film has received reappraisal from critics, and is now considered by some to be one of the best films in the crime genre. Screenwriters and directors such as Martin Scorsese have praised the film, which has been referenced extensively in pop culture, especially in rap and hip hop music as well as comic books, TV and video games. The film has long since become a cult classic. Sexual intercourse
Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both. This is also known as vaginal intercourse or vaginal sex. Other forms of penetrative sexual intercourse include anal sex (penetration of the anus by the penis), oral sex (penetration of the mouth by the penis or oral penetration of the female genitalia), fingering (sexual penetration by the fingers), and penetration by use of a dildo (especially a strap-on dildo). These activities involve physical intimacy between two or more individuals and are usually used among humans solely for physical or emotional pleasure and can contribute to human bonding.There are different views on what constitutes sexual intercourse or other sexual activity, which can impact on views on sexual health. Although sexual intercourse, particularly the variant coitus, generally denotes penile–vaginal penetration and the possibility of creating offspring, it also commonly denotes penetrative oral sex and penile–anal sex, especially the latter. It usually encompasses sexual penetration, while non-penetrative sex has been labeled "outercourse", but non-penetrative sex may also be considered sexual intercourse. Sex, often a shorthand for sexual intercourse, can mean any form of sexual activity. Because people can be at risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections during these activities, safe sex practices are advised, although transmission risk is significantly reduced during non-penetrative sex.Various jurisdictions have placed restrictive laws against certain sexual acts, such as incest, sexual activity with minors, prostitution, rape, zoophilia, sodomy, premarital and extramarital sex. Religious beliefs also play a role in personal decisions about sexual intercourse or other sexual activity, such as decisions about virginity, or legal and public policy matters. Religious views on sexuality vary significantly between different religions and sects of the same religion, though there are common themes, such as prohibition of adultery.
Reproductive sexual intercourse between non-human animals is more often called copulation, and sperm may be introduced into the female's reproductive tract in non-vaginal ways among the animals, such as by cloacal copulation. For most non-human mammals, mating and copulation occur at the point of estrus (the most fertile period of time in the female's reproductive cycle), which increases the chances of successful impregnation. However, bonobos, dolphins and chimpanzees are known to engage in sexual intercourse regardless of whether or not the female is in estrus, and to engage in sex acts with same-sex partners. Like humans engaging in sexual activity primarily for pleasure, this behavior in these animals is also presumed to be for pleasure, and a contributing factor to strengthening their social bonds. TechCrunch
TechCrunch is an American online publisher of technology industry news founded in 2005 by Archimedes Ventures whose partners were Michael Arrington and Keith Teare. It reports on the business of tech, tech news, analysis of emerging trends in tech, and profiling of new tech businesses and products. Victoria's Secret
Victoria's Secret is an American designer, manufacturer, and marketer of women's lingerie, womenswear, and beauty products. Founded in 1977 as a response to packaged underwear, which the company's founder considered to be "ugly, floral-print nylon nightgowns", the company is now the largest American retailer of women's lingerie. Warner Music Group
Warner Music Group Inc. (WMG), also known as Warner Music or WEA International Inc., is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City. It is one of the "big three" recording companies and the third largest in the global music industry, after Universal Music Group (UMG) and Sony Music Entertainment (SME). Formerly part of Time Warner (currently known as WarnerMedia), the company was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange until May 2011, when it announced its privatization and sale to Access Industries, which was completed in July 2011. With a multibillion-dollar annual turnover, WMG employs more than 3,500 people and has operations in more than 50 countries throughout the world.The company owns and operates some of the largest and most successful labels in the world, including Elektra Records, Warner Bros. Records, Parlophone, and Atlantic Records. WMG also owns Warner/Chappell Music, one of the world's largest music publishers.
Since August 2, 2018, WMG has expanded its business to digital media operation through its acquisition of Uproxx Media Group. Zac Efron
Zachary David Alexander Efron (; born October 18, 1987) is an American actor. He began acting professionally in the early 2000s, and rose to prominence in the late 2000s for his leading role as Troy Bolton in the High School Musical franchise (2006–2008). During this time, he also starred in the musical film Hairspray (2007) and the comedy film 17 Again (2009). He has since appeared in the films New Year's Eve (2011), The Lucky One (2012), The Paperboy (2012), Neighbors (2014), Dirty Grandpa (2016), Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising (2016), Baywatch (2017), The Greatest Showman (2017) and Extremely Wicked, Shockingly Evil, and Vile (2019).
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