December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Nine days remain until the end of the year.
|December 22 in recent years
| 2018 (Saturday)
| 2017 (Friday)
| 2016 (Thursday)
| 2015 (Tuesday)
| 2014 (Monday)
| 2013 (Sunday)
| 2012 (Saturday)
| 2011 (Thursday)
| 2010 (Wednesday)
| 2009 (Tuesday)
- AD 69 – Emperor Vitellius is captured and murdered at the Gemonian stairs in Rome.
- 401 – Pope Innocent I is elected.
- 856 – Damghan earthquake: An earthquake near the Persian city of Damghan kills an estimated 200,000 people, the sixth deadliest earthquake in recorded history.
- 880 – Luoyang, eastern capital of the Tang dynasty, is captured by rebel leader Huang Chao during the reign of Emperor Xizong.
- 1135 – Stephen of Blois becomes King of England
- 1216 – Pope Honorius III approves the Dominican Order through the papal bull of confirmation Religiosam vitam.
- 1622 – Bucaramanga, Colombia is founded.
- 1769 – Sino-Burmese War: The war ends with an uneasy truce.
- 1788 – Nguyễn Huệ proclaims himself Emperor Quang Trung, in effect abolishing on his own the Lê dynasty.
- 1790 – The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Alexander Suvorov and his Russian armies.
- 1807 – The Embargo Act, forbidding trade with all foreign countries, is passed by the U.S. Congress, at the urging of President Thomas Jefferson.
- 1808 – Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy (with Beethoven at the piano).
- 1851 – India's first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
- 1864 – Savannah, Georgia falls to the forces of General Sherman.
- 1885 – Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, became the first Prime Minister of Japan.
- 1888 – The Christmas Meeting of 1888, considered to be the official start of the Faroese independence movement.
- 1890 – Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kentville and Kingsport, Nova Scotia.
- 1891 – Asteroid 323 Brucia becomes the first asteroid discovered using photography.
- 1894 – The Dreyfus affair begins in France, when Alfred Dreyfus is wrongly convicted of treason.
- 1920 – The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR.
- 1921 – Opening of Visva-Bharati College, also known as Santiniketan College, now Visva Bharati University, India.
- 1937 – The Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York City.
- 1939 – Indian Muslims observe a "Day of Deliverance" to celebrate the resignations of members of the Indian National Congress over their not having been consulted over the decision to enter World War II with the United Kingdom.
- 1940 – World War II: Himara is captured by the Greek army.
- 1942 – World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
- 1944 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge: German troops demand the surrender of United States troops at Bastogne, Belgium, prompting the famous one word reply by General Anthony McAuliffe: "Nuts!"
- 1944 – World War II: The Vietnam People's Army is formed to resist Japanese occupation of Indochina, now Vietnam.
- 1948 – Sjafruddin Prawiranegara established the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Pemerintah Darurat Republik Indonesia, PDRI) in West Sumatra.
- 1951 – The Selangor Labour Party is founded in Selangor, Malaya.
- 1963 – The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles (290 km) north of Madeira, Portugal with the loss of 128 lives.
- 1964 – The first test flight of the SR-71 (Blackbird) took place at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California.
- 1965 – In the United Kingdom, a 70 mph speed limit is applied to all rural roads including motorways for the first time.
- 1968 – Cultural Revolution: People's Daily posted the instructions of Mao Zedong that "The intellectual youth must go to the country, and will be educated from living in rural poverty."
- 1974 – Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli vote to become the independent nation of Comoros. Mayotte remains under French administration.
- 1974 – The house of former British Prime Minister Edward Heath is attacked by members of the Provisional IRA.
- 1978 – The pivotal Third Plenum of the 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is held in Beijing, with Deng Xiaoping reversing Mao-era policies to pursue a program for Chinese economic reform.
- 1984 – Bernhard Goetz shoots four would-be muggers on an express train in Manhattan section of New York, New York.
- 1987 – In Zimbabwe, the political parties ZANU and ZAPU reach an agreement that ends the violence in the Matabeleland region known as the Gukurahundi.
- 1989 – Communist President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu is overthrown by Ion Iliescu after days of bloody confrontations. The deposed dictator and his wife flee Bucharest in a helicopter as protesters erupt in cheers.
- 1989 – Berlin's Brandenburg Gate re-opens after nearly 30 years, effectively ending the division of East and West Germany.
- 1990 – Lech Wałęsa is elected President of Poland.
- 1990 – Final independence of Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia after termination of trusteeship.
- 1997 – Acteal massacre: Attendees at a prayer meeting of Roman Catholic activists for indigenous causes in the small village of Acteal in the Mexican state of Chiapas are massacred by paramilitary forces.
- 1997 – Hussein Farrah Aidid relinquishes the disputed title of President of Somalia by signing the Cairo Declaration, in Cairo, Egypt. It is the first major step towards reconciliation in Somalia since 1991.
- 2001 – Burhanuddin Rabbani, political leader of the Northern Alliance, hands over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by President Hamid Karzai.
- 2001 – Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63.
- 2008 – An ash dike ruptured at a solid waste containment area in Roane County, Tennessee, releasing 1.1 billion US gallons (4,200,000 m3) of coal fly ash slurry.
- 2010 – The repeal of the Don't ask, don't tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, is signed into law by President Barack Obama.
- 2016 – A study finds the VSV-EBOV vaccine against the Ebola virus between 70-100% effective, and thus making it the first proven vaccine against the disease.
- 2017 – The UN Security Council votes 15–0 in favor of additional sanctions on North Korea, including measures to slash the country's petroleum imports by up to 90%.
- 2018 – A tsunami caused by an eruption of Anak Krakatau in Indonesia killed at least 430 people and injured almost a thousand more.
- 244 – Diocletian, Roman emperor (d. 311)
- 948 – Gang Gam-chan, Korean official and general (d. 1031)
- 1095 – Roger II of Sicily (d. 1154)
- 1178 – Emperor Antoku of Japan (d. 1185)
- 1183 – Chagatai Khan, Mongol ruler (d. 1242)
- 1300 – Khutughtu Khan Kusala, Mongolian emperor (d. 1329)
- 1459 – Sultan Cem, Ottoman politician (d. 1495)
- 1546 – Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō (d. 1604)
- 1550 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher and author (d. 1631)
- 1569 – Étienne Martellange, French architect (d. 1641)
- 1591 – Tommaso Dingli, Maltese architect and sculptor (d. 1666)
- 1639 – Jean Racine, French poet and playwright (d. 1699)
- 1666 – Guru Gobind Singh, Indian guru and poet (d. 1708)
- 1694 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and academic (d. 1768)
- 1696 – James Oglethorpe, English general and politician, 1st Colonial Governor of Georgia (d. 1785)
- 1723 – Carl Friedrich Abel, German viol player and composer (d. 1787)
- 1765 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician and academic (d. 1825)
- 1799 – Nicholas Callan, Irish priest and physicist (d. 1864)
- 1805 – John Obadiah Westwood, English entomologist and archaeologist (d. 1893)
- 1807 – Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian author, poet, and critic (d. 1873)
- 1819 – Franz Abt, German composer and conductor (d. 1870)
- 1819 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician and academic (d. 1892)
- 1839 – John Nevil Maskelyne, English magician (d. 1917)
- 1850 – Victoriano Huerta, Mexican general and politician, 35th President of Mexico (d. 1916)
- 1853 – Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan-American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1917)
- 1853 – Evgraf Fedorov, Russian mathematician, crystallographer, and mineralogist (d. 1919)
- 1853 – Sarada Devi, Indian mystic and philosopher (d. 1920)
- 1856 – Frank B. Kellogg, American lawyer and politician, 45th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
- 1858 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer and educator (d. 1924)
- 1862 – Connie Mack, American baseball player and manager (d. 1956)
- 1865 – Charles Sands, American golfer and tennis player (d. 1945)
- 1868 – Jaan Tõnisson, Estonian journalist, lawyer, and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Estonia (d. 1941?)
- 1869 – Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician and academic (d. 1931)
- 1869 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet and playwright (d. 1935)
- 1872 – Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
- 1874 – Franz Schmidt, Austrian cellist, pianist, and composer (d. 1939)
- 1876 – Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Egyptian-Italian poet and composer (d. 1944)
- 1878 – Myer Prinstein, Polish-American jumper (d. 1925)
- 1883 – Marcus Hurley, American cyclist (d. 1941)
- 1883 – Edgard Varèse, French-American composer (d. 1965)
- 1884 – St. Elmo Brady, African American chemist and educator (d. 1966)
- 1885 – Deems Taylor, American conductor and critic (d. 1966)
- 1887 – Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician and theorist (d. 1920)
- 1888 – J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank, English businessman, founded Rank Organisation (d. 1972)
- 1889 – George Hutson, English runner and soldier (d. 1914)
- 1892 – Herman Potočnik, Croatian-Austrian engineer (d. 1929)
- 1898 – Vladimir Fock, Russian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974)
- 1899 – Gustaf Gründgens, German actor and director (d. 1963)
- 1900 – Marc Allégret, French director and screenwriter (d. 1973)
- 1901 – Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-American conductor and composer (d. 1980)
- 1903 – Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
- 1905 – Pierre Brasseur, French-Italian actor and screenwriter (d. 1972)
- 1905 – Pierre Levegh, French ice hockey player and race car driver (d. 1955)
- 1905 – Kenneth Rexroth, American poet, translator, and academic (d. 1982)
- 1907 – Peggy Ashcroft, English actress (d. 1991)
- 1908 – Giacomo Manzù, Italian sculptor and academic (d. 1991)
- 1909 – Patricia Hayes, English actress (d. 1998)
- 1911 – Danny O'Dea, English actor (d. 2003)
- 1912 – Elias Degiannis, Greek commander (d. 1943)
- 1912 – Lady Bird Johnson, American beautification activist; 38th First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
- 1913 – Giorgio Oberweger, Italian discus thrower and hurdler (d. 1998)
- 1915 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress (d. 2010)
- 1915 – Phillip Glasier, English author and academic (d. 2000)
- 1917 – Gene Rayburn, American game show host and actor (d. 1999)
- 1921 – Dimitri Fampas, Greek guitarist and composer (d. 1996)
- 1921 – Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963)
- 1922 – Ruth Roman, American actress (d. 1999)
- 1922 – Jim Wright, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 56th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 2015)
- 1923 – Peregrine Worsthorne, English journalist and author
- 1924 – Frank Corsaro, American actor and director (d. 2017)
- 1925 – Lewis Glucksman, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 2006)
- 1925 – Lefter Küçükandonyadis, Turkish footballer and manager (d. 2012)
- 1926 – Alcides Ghiggia, Italian-Uruguayan footballer and manager (d. 2015)
- 1926 – Roberta Leigh (Rita Shulman Lewin), British writer, artist and TV producer (d. 2014)
- 1928 – Fredrik Barth, German-Norwegian anthropologist and academic (d. 2016)
- 1929 – Wazir Mohammad, Indian-Pakistani cricketer
- 1930 – Ardalion Ignatyev, Russian sprinter and educator (d. 1998)
- 1931 – Gisela Birkemeyer, German hurdler and coach
- 1931 – Carlos Graça, São Toméan lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (d. 2013)
- 1932 – Phil Woosnam, Welsh soccer player and manager (d. 2013)
- 1933 – John Hartle, English motorcycle racer (d. 1968)
- 1934 – David Pearson, American race car driver (d. 2018)
- 1935 – Paulo Rocha, Portuguese director and screenwriter (d. 2012)
- 1936 – James Burke, Irish historian and author
- 1936 – Héctor Elizondo, American actor and director
- 1937 – Charlotte Lamb, English author (d. 2000)
- 1937 – Eduard Uspensky, Russian author, poet, and playwright (d. 2018)
- 1937 – Ken Whitmore, English author and playwright
- 1938 – Matty Alou, Dominican-American baseball player and scout (d. 2011)
- 1938 – Lucien Bouchard, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Premier of Quebec
- 1938 – Red Steagall, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and poet
- 1940 – Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian rancher and politician (d. 2009)
- 1940 – Mike Molloy, English journalist, author, and illustrator
- 1942 – Jerry Koosman, American baseball player
- 1942 – Dick Parry, English saxophonist
- 1943 – Stefan Janos, Slovak-Swiss physicist and academic
- 1943 – Paul Wolfowitz, American banker and politician, 25th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
- 1944 – Mary Archer, English chemist and academic
- 1944 – Steve Carlton, American baseball player
- 1944 – Barry Jenkins, English drummer
- 1945 – Frances Lannon, English historian and academic
- 1945 – Sam Newman, Australian footballer and sportscaster
- 1945 – Diane Sawyer, American journalist
- 1946 – Roger Carr, English businessman
- 1946 – C. Eugene Steuerle, American economist and author
- 1947 – Brian Daley, American author and screenwriter (d. 1996)
- 1947 – Dilip Doshi, Indian cricketer
- 1948 – Steve Garvey, American baseball player and sportscaster
- 1948 – Don Kardong, American runner, journalist, and author
- 1948 – Rick Nielsen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1948 – Chris Old, English cricketer and coach
- 1948 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
- 1949 – Maurice Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2003)
- 1949 – Robin Gibb, Manx-English singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2012)
- 1949 – Ray Guy, American football player
- 1951 – Lasse Bengtsson, Swedish journalist
- 1951 – Charles de Lint, Dutch-Canadian author and critic
- 1951 – Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, Anglo-Irish Territorial Army general, landowner, businessman, philanthropist, and hereditary peer (d. 2016)
- 1951 – Jan Stephenson, Australian golfer
- 1952 – Sandra Kalniete, Latvian politician and diplomat, Latvian Minister of Foreign Affairs
- 1953 – Ian Turnbull, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1953 – Tom Underwood, American baseball player (d. 2010)
- 1954 – Hideshi Matsuda, Japanese race car driver
- 1954 – Derick Parry, Nevisian cricketer
- 1955 – Galina Murašova, Lithuanian discus thrower
- 1955 – Lonnie Smith, American baseball player
- 1955 – Thomas C. Südhof, German-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1956 – Jane Lighting, English businesswoman
- 1957 – Stephen Conway, English bishop
- 1957 – Carole James, English-Canadian educator and politician
- 1957 – Peter Mortimer, Australian rugby league player
- 1958 – Frank Gambale, Australian guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- 1958 – David Heavener, American singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and director
- 1959 – Bernd Schuster, German footballer and manager
- 1960 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter and poet (d. 1988)
- 1960 – Mark Brydon, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- 1960 – Luther Campbell, American rapper and actor
- 1961 – Andrew Fastow, American businessman
- 1961 – Yuri Malenchenko, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut
- 1962 – Ralph Fiennes, English actor
- 1963 – Giuseppe Bergomi, Italian footballer and coach
- 1963 – Russell Lewis, British television writer and former child actor
- 1963 – Brian McMillan, South African cricketer and educator
- 1963 – Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American painter and illustrator
- 1964 – Simon Kirby, English businessman and politician
- 1964 – Mike Jackson, American baseball player
- 1965 – David S. Goyer, American screenwriter
- 1965 – Urszula Włodarczyk, Polish heptathlete and triple jumper
- 1966 – Dmitry Bilozerchev, Russian gymnast and coach
- 1966 – Marcel Schirmer, German singer-songwriter and bass player
- 1966 – David Wright, English lawyer and politician
- 1967 – Richey Edwards, Welsh singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
- 1967 – Stéphane Gendron, Canadian lawyer and politician
- 1967 – Rebecca Harris, English businesswoman and politician
- 1967 – Paul Morris, Australian race car driver and businessman
- 1967 – Dan Petrescu, Romanian footballer and manager
- 1968 – Emre Aracı, Turkish composer, conductor, and historian
- 1968 – Luis Hernández, Mexican footballer
- 1968 – Dina Meyer, American actress
- 1969 – Myriam Bédard, Canadian biathlete
- 1969 – Mark Robins, English footballer and manager
- 1970 – Ted Cruz, American lawyer and politician
- 1970 – Gary Anderson, Scottish darts player
- 1971 – Ajeenkya Patil, Indian economist and academic
- 1972 – Kirk Maltby, Canadian ice hockey player and scout
- 1972 – Vanessa Paradis, French singer-songwriter and actress
- 1972 – Mark Hill, English musician, producer and songwriter
- 1974 – Michael Barron, English footballer, coach, and manager
- 1974 – Dani García, Spanish footballer
- 1975 – Sergei Aschwanden, Swiss martial artist
- 1975 – Dmitri Khokhlov, Russian footballer and manager
- 1975 – Marcin Mięciel, Polish footballer
- 1975 – Stanislav Neckář, Czech ice hockey player
- 1976 – Katleen De Caluwé, Belgian sprinter
- 1976 – Jason Lane, American baseball player and coach
- 1976 – Aya Takano, Japanese author and illustrator
- 1977 – Steve Kariya, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- 1978 – Danny Ahn, South Korean singer
- 1978 – Joy Ali, Fijian boxer (d. 2015)
- 1978 – Emmanuel Olisadebe, Nigerian-Polish footballer
- 1979 – Jamie Langfield, Scottish footballer and coach
- 1981 – Marina Kuptsova, Russian high jumper
- 1982 – Britta Heidemann, German fencer
- 1982 – Rodney Martin, American sprinter
- 1982 – Alinne Moraes. Brazilian actress and model
- 1983 – Ryan Eversley, American race car driver
- 1983 – Drew Hankinson, American wrestler
- 1983 – Viola Kibiwot, Kenyan runner
- 1983 – José Fonte, Portuguese footballer
- 1984 – Basshunter, Swedish singer, record producer and DJ
- 1986 – Dennis Armfield, Australian footballer
- 1986 – Fatih Öztürk, Turkish footballer
- 1987 – Éder, Bissau-Portuguese footballer
- 1987 – Johannes Ahun, Estonian windsurfer
- 1987 – Garfield Darien, French hurdler
- 1988 – Leigh Halfpenny, Welsh rugby player
- 1989 – Jordin Sparks, American singer-songwriter and actress
- 1989 – Jharal Yow Yeh, Australian rugby league player
- 1990 – Jean-Baptiste Maunier, French actor and singer
- 1990 – Josef Newgarden, American race car driver
- 1991 – Paul Alo-Emile, New Zealand-Australian rugby league player
- 1992 – Michaela Hončová, Slovak tennis player
- 1992 – Moonbyul from Mamamoo, K-Pop star
- 1993 – David Klemmer, Australian rugby league player
- 1993 – Meghan Trainor, American singer-songwriter and producer
- 1993 – Raphaël Guerreiro, Portuguese footballer
- 1994 – Rúben Lameiras, Portuguese footballer
- 1996 – Mustafizur Rahman, Bangladeshi cricketer
- 1998 – G Hannelius, American actress and singer
- AD 69 – Vitellius, Roman emperor (b. 15)
- 731 – Yuan Qianyao, official of the Chinese Tang Dynasty
- 1012 – Baha' al-Dawla, Buyid amir of Iraq
- 1060 – Cynesige, Archbishop of York
- 1100 – Bretislav II of Bohemia (b. 1060)
- 1115 – Olaf Magnusson, King of Norway (b. 1099)
- 1419 – Antipope John XXIII
- 1530 – Willibald Pirckheimer, German lawyer and author (b. 1470)
- 1554 – Alessandro Bonvicino, Italian painter (b. 1498)
- 1572 – François Clouet, French miniaturist (b. c. 1510)
- 1603 – Mehmed III, Ottoman sultan (b. 1566)
- 1641 – Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, 2nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1560)
- 1646 – Peter Mogila, Moldavian metropolitan and saint (b. 1596)
- 1660 – André Tacquet, Flemish priest and mathematician (b. 1612)
- 1666 – Guercino, Italian painter (b. 1591)
- 1681 – Richard Alleine, English minister and author (b. 1611)
- 1767 – John Newbery, English publisher (b. 1713)
- 1788 – Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
- 1806 – William Vernon, English-American merchant (b. 1719)
- 1828 – William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (b. 1766)
- 1867 – Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer (b. 1788)
- 1870 – Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish journalist, poet, and playwright (b. 1836)
- 1880 – George Eliot, English novelist and poet (b. 1819)
- 1891 – Paul de Lagarde, German biblical scholar and orientalist (b. 1827)
- 1899 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist and publisher, founded Moody Publishers (b. 1837)
- 1902 – Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German-Austrian psychiatrist and author (b. 1840)
- 1915 – Rose Talbot Bullard, American medical doctor and professor (b. 1864)
- 1917 – Frances Xavier Cabrini, Italian-American nun and saint (b. 1850)
- 1918 – Aristeidis Moraitinis, Greek lieutenant and pilot (b. 1891)
- 1919 – Hermann Weingärtner, German gymnast (b. 1864)
- 1925 – Amelie Beese, German pilot and engineer (b. 1886)
- 1939 – Ma Rainey, American singer (b. 1886)
- 1940 – Nathanael West, American author and screenwriter (b. 1903)
- 1941 – Karel Hašler, Czech actor, director, composer, and screenwriter (b. 1879)
- 1942 – Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (b. 1858)
- 1943 – Beatrix Potter, English children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1866)
- 1944 – Harry Langdon, American actor, comedian, and vaudevillian (b. 1884)
- 1950 – Frederick Freake, English polo player (b. 1876)
- 1957 – Frank George Woollard, English engineer (b. 1883)
- 1959 – Gilda Gray, Polish-American actress and dancer (b. 1901)
- 1960 – Ninian Comper, Scottish-English architect (b. 1864)
- 1962 – Ross McLarty, Australian politician, 17th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1891)
- 1965 – Richard Dimbleby, English journalist (b. 1913)
- 1968 – Raymond Gram Swing, American journalist (b. 1887)
- 1969 – Enrique Peñaranda, 45th President of Bolivia (b. 1892)
- 1971 – Godfried Bomans, Dutch journalist and author (b. 1913)
- 1974 – Sterling North, American author and critic (b. 1906)
- 1979 – Darryl F. Zanuck, American director and producer (b. 1902)
- 1985 – D. Boon, American singer and musician (b. 1958)
- 1986 – Mary Burchell, English author and activist (b. 1904)
- 1986 – David Penhaligon, Cornish Liberal Politician (b. 1944), MP for Truro (1974-1986)
- 1987 – Luca Prodan, Italian-Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
- 1988 – Chico Mendes, Brazilian trade union leader and activist (b. 1944)
- 1989 – Samuel Beckett, Irish author, poet, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
- 1992 – Harry Bluestone, English violinist and composer (b. 1907)
- 1992 – Frederick William Franz, American religious leader (b. 1893)
- 1993 – Don DeFore, American actor (b. 1913)
- 1995 – Butterfly McQueen, American actress and dancer (b. 1911)
- 1995 – James Meade, English economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
- 1996 – Jack Hamm, American cartoonist and television host (b. 1916)
- 1997 – Sebastian Arcos Bergnes, Cuban-American dentist and activist (b. 1931)
- 2001 – Ovidiu Iacov, Romanian footballer (b. 1981)
- 2001 – Walter Newton Read, American lawyer and second chairman of the New Jersey Casino Control Commission (b. 1918)
- 2002 – Desmond Hoyte, Guyanese lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Guyana (b. 1929)
- 2002 – Joe Strummer, English singer-songwriter (b. 1952)
- 2004 – Doug Ault, American baseball player and manager (b. 1950)
- 2006 – Elena Mukhina, Russian gymnast (b. 1960)
- 2006 – Galina Ustvolskaya, Russian composer (b. 1919)
- 2007 – Charles Court, Australian politician, 21st Premier of Western Australia (b. 1911)
- 2007 – Adrian Cristobal, Filipino journalist and playwright (b. 1932)
- 2009 – Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian rancher and politician (b. 1940)
- 2009 – Albert Scanlon, English footballer (b. 1935)
- 2010 – Fred Foy, American soldier and announcer (b. 1921)
- 2012 – Chuck Cherundolo, American football player and coach (b. 1916)
- 2012 – Ryan Freel, American baseball player (b. 1976)
- 2012 – Cliff Osmond, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
- 2012 – Lim Keng Yaik, Malaysian physician and politician (b. 1939)
- 2013 – Diomedes Díaz, Colombian singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
- 2013 – Hans Hækkerup, Danish lawyer and politician (b. 1945)
- 2013 – Ed Herrmann, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1946)
- 2013 – Oscar Peer, Swiss author, playwright, and philologist (b. 1928)
- 2014 – John Robert Beyster, American physicist and academic (b. 1924)
- 2014 – Christine Cavanaugh, American actress (b. 1963)
- 2014 – Joe Cocker, English singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
- 2014 – Bernard Stone, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
- 2015 – Peter Lundblad, Swedish singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
- 2015 – Freda Meissner-Blau, Australian activist and politician (b. 1927)
- 2016 – Chad Robinson, Australian rugby league player (b. 1980)
- 2017 – Gonzalo Morales Sáurez, Costa Rican painter (b. 1945)
- 2018 – Simcha Rotem, last survivor of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (b. 1924)
- 2018 – Herman Sikumbang, Indonesian guitarist (b. 1982); casualty during 2018 Sunda Strait tsunami
Holidays and observances
External links Adam Cole
Austin Jenkins (born July 5, 1989), better known by his ring name Adam Cole, is an American professional wrestler. He is signed to WWE, where he performs on the NXT brand and is member of The Undisputed Era (alongside Bobby Fish, Kyle O'Reilly, and Roderick Strong).
Cole was the inaugural NXT North American Champion and the co-winner of the 2018 Dusty Rhodes Tag Team Classic with O'Reilly; he was also recognized as NXT Tag Team Champion with Fish and O'Reilly, with WWE recognizing him at the time as the first ever double champion in NXT history. Cole is widely known for his tenure with Ring of Honor (ROH) where he became a three-time ROH World Champion and was the first wrestler to achieve this feat. In addition, he is a one-time ROH World Television Champion.
Cole has also wrestled for several independent promotions, including Chikara, Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW), where he was a one-time and the longest-reigning CZW World Junior Heavyweight Champion, and Pro Wrestling Guerrilla (PWG), where he was a one-time PWG World Champion, holding the record for the longest reign in the title's history. He is also known for his time in New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) where he was part of the Bullet Club stable. Anal sex
Anal sex or anal intercourse is generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis into a person's anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure. Other forms of anal sex include fingering, the use of sex toys for anal penetration, oral sex performed on the anus (anilingus), and pegging. Although anal sex most commonly means penile–anal penetration, sources sometimes use anal intercourse to exclusively denote penile–anal penetration, and anal sex to denote any form of anal sexual activity, especially between pairings as opposed to anal masturbation.While anal sex is commonly associated with male homosexuality, research shows that not all gay males engage in anal sex and that it is not uncommon in heterosexual relationships. Types of anal sex can also be a part of lesbian sexual practices. People may experience pleasure from anal sex by stimulation of the anal nerve endings, and orgasm may be achieved through anal penetration – by indirect stimulation of the prostate in men, indirect stimulation of the clitoris or an area of the vagina (sometimes called the G-spot) in women, and other sensory nerves (especially the pudendal nerve). However, people may also find anal sex painful, sometimes extremely so, which may be primarily due to psychological factors in some cases.As with most forms of sexual activity, anal sex participants risk contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs/STDs). Anal sex is considered a high-risk sexual practice because of the vulnerability of the anus and rectum. The anal and rectal tissues are delicate and do not provide lubrication like the vagina does, so they can easily tear and permit disease transmission, especially if a personal lubricant is not used. Anal sex without protection of a condom is considered the riskiest form of sexual activity, and therefore health authorities such as the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend safe sex practices for anal sex.Strong views are often expressed about anal sex. It is controversial in various cultures, especially with regard to religious prohibitions. This is commonly due to prohibitions against anal sex among males or teachings about the procreative purpose of sexual activity. It may be considered taboo or unnatural, and is a criminal offense in some countries, punishable by corporal or capital punishment. By contrast, people also see anal sex as a natural and valid form of sexual activity that may be as fulfilling as other desired sexual expressions, and as an enhancing or primary element of their sex lives. Capricorn (astrology)
Capricorn (♑) is the tenth astrological sign in the zodiac, originating from the constellation of Capricornus, the horned goat. It spans the 270–300th degree of the zodiac, corresponding to celestial longitude. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this area from about December 22 to January 19 the following year, and under the sidereal zodiac, the sun transits the constellation of Capricorn from approximately January 16 to February 16. In astrology, Capricorn is considered an earth sign, negative sign, and one of the four cardinal signs. Capricorn is said to be ruled by the planet Saturn. In Vedic Astrology Capricorn was associated with the Crocodile but modern astrologers consider Capricorn as Sea goat.
Its symbol is based on the Sumerians' primordial god of wisdom and waters, Enki, with the head and upper body of a goat and the lower body and tail of a fish. Later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology, Enki was the god of intelligence (gestú, literally "ear"), creation, crafts; magic; water, seawater and lakewater (a, aba, ab). Epiphany (holiday)
Epiphany ( i-PIF-ə-nee), also Theophany, Denha, Little Christmas, or Three Kings' Day, is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God incarnate as Jesus Christ. In Western Christianity, the feast commemorates principally (but not solely) the visit of the Magi to the Christ Child, and thus Jesus' physical manifestation to the Gentiles. Moreover, the feast of the Epiphany, in some Western Christian denominations, also initiates the liturgical season of Epiphanytide. Eastern Christians, on the other hand, commemorate the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River, seen as his manifestation to the world as the Son of God. Qasr el Yahud in the West Bank, and Al-Maghtas in Jordan on the east bank, is considered to be the original site of the baptism of Jesus and the ministry of John the Baptist.The traditional date for the feast is January 6. However, since 1970, the celebration is held in some countries on the Sunday after January 1. Eastern Churches following the Julian calendar observe the feast on what for most countries is January 19 because of the 13-day difference today between that calendar and the generally used Gregorian calendar. In many Western Christian Churches, the eve of the feast is celebrated as Twelfth Night. The Monday after Epiphany is known as Plough Monday.Popular Epiphany customs include Epiphany singing, chalking the door, having one's house blessed, consuming Three Kings Cake, winter swimming, as well as attending church services. It is customary for Christians in many localities to remove their Christmas decorations on Epiphany Eve (Twelfth Night), although those in other Christian countries historically remove them on Candlemas, the conclusion of Epiphanytide. According to the first tradition, those who fail to remember to remove their Christmas decorations on Epiphany Eve must leave them untouched until Candlemas, the second opportunity to remove them; failure to observe this custom is considered inauspicious. Find a Grave
Find A Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry.com. It receives and uploads digital photographs of headstones from burial sites, taken by unpaid volunteers at cemeteries. Find A Grave then posts the photo on its website. Hematite
Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides. It is the oldest known iron oxide mineral that has ever formed on Earth, and is widespread in rocks and soils. Hematite crystallizes in the rhombohedral lattice system, and it has the same crystal structure as ilmenite and corundum. Hematite and ilmenite form a complete solid solution at temperatures above 950 °C (1,740 °F).
Hematite is colored black to steel or silver-gray, brown to reddish brown, or red. It is mined as the main ore of iron. Varieties include kidney ore, martite (pseudomorphs after magnetite), iron rose and specularite (specular hematite). While the forms of hematite vary, they all have a rust-red streak. Hematite is harder than pure iron, but much more brittle. Maghemite is a hematite- and magnetite-related oxide mineral.
Huge deposits of hematite are found in banded iron formations. Gray hematite is typically found in places that can have still standing water or mineral hot springs, such as those in Yellowstone National Park in North America. The mineral can precipitate out of water and collect in layers at the bottom of a lake, spring, or other standing water. Hematite can also occur without water, however, usually as the result of volcanic activity.
Clay-sized hematite crystals can also occur as a secondary mineral formed by weathering processes in soil, and along with other iron oxides or oxyhydroxides such as goethite, is responsible for the red color of many tropical, ancient, or otherwise highly weathered soils. JetBlue
JetBlue Airways Corporation (NASDAQ: JBLU), stylized as jetBlue, is an American low-cost airline headquartered in New York City. A major air carrier and the sixth-largest airline in the United States, JetBlue is headquartered in the Long Island City neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens, with its main base at John F. Kennedy International Airport. It also maintains corporate offices in Cottonwood Heights, Utah and Orlando, Florida.
As of 2018 it ranked No. 402 financially on the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. JetBlue Airways operates over 1,000 flights daily and serves 102 domestic and international network destinations in the U.S., Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. JetBlue is not a member of any of the three major airline alliances, but it has codeshare agreements with 21 airlines, including member airlines of oneworld, SkyTeam, Star Alliance, and unaffiliated airlines. Joe Louis Arena
Joe Louis Arena is a defunct multi-purpose arena in Downtown Detroit. Completed in 1979 at a cost of $57 million as a replacement for Olympia Stadium, it sits adjacent to Cobo Center on the bank of the Detroit River and was accessible by the Joe Louis Arena station on the Detroit People Mover. The venue is named after former heavyweight champion boxer Joe Louis, who grew up in Detroit.It was the home of the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League and the second oldest NHL venue after Madison Square Garden until the start of the 2017–18 NHL season. Joe Louis Arena is owned by the city of Detroit, and operated by Olympia Entertainment, a subsidiary of team owner Ilitch Holdings.In April 2017, the Red Wings hosted their final game at Joe Louis Arena; the venue was succeeded by Little Caesars Arena. Closed on July 29, 2017, demolition started on April 4, 2019 and the site should be cleared by early 2020. Light TV
Light TV is an American digital broadcast television network owned by MGM Television that launched on December 22, 2016. The network features family-friendly and faith-based entertainment programming. Light TV is headed by the husband-and-wife team of Mark Burnett and Roma Downey; Burnett is the CEO of MGM TV, while Downey is best known as an actress and star of Touched by an Angel. Both Burnett and Downey consider themselves deeply religious, and have teamed in the past on producing several religious- or family-oriented projects (most notably the 2013 History miniseries The Bible) through the MGM subsidiary Downey leads, Lightworkers Media. List of WWE personnel
WWE is a professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut. WWE personnel consists of professional wrestlers, managers, play-by-play and color commentators, ring announcers, interviewers, referees, trainers, producers, script writers, and various other positions. Executives and board members are also listed.
WWE contracts typically range from developmental contracts to multi-year deals. WWE describes most personnel as "independent contractors." Since the reintroduction of WWE's brand extension in 2016, personnel on the main roster are assigned to either the Raw or SmackDown brands. A level below the main roster is the NXT brand. Specialty brands in WWE include 205 Live, which is for male wrestlers 205 lbs. and under (designated by WWE as cruiserweights), and NXT UK, which is for wrestlers based in the United Kingdom.
Main roster personnel primarily appear on Monday Night Raw and SmackDown Live, while cruiserweight wrestlers appear on 205 Live. Wrestlers from NXT appear on the brand's eponymous TV show, while wrestlers from NXT UK also have their own weekly show.
Personnel can also appear on WWE's other weekly television programming, as well as pay-per-views, and on untelevised live events.
Personnel in WWE's developmental system are assigned to train at the Performance Center in Orlando, Florida. UK-based developmental wrestlers train at the UK Performance Center in London, England.
As WWE has partnerships with the U.S. independent promotion Evolve, the UK based Insane Championship Wrestling and Progress Wrestling, and Germany's Westside Xtreme Wrestling, wrestlers from those groups may also make periodic appearances at WWE events and on WWE programming. Meghan Trainor
Meghan Elizabeth Trainor (born December 22, 1993) is an American singer-songwriter. Interested in music from a young age, Trainor wrote, recorded, and produced three independently released albums between 2009 and 2011.
Trainor signed with Epic Records in 2014 and released her debut single, "All About That Bass", in June of that year. It spent eight weeks atop the Billboard Hot 100 and topped the charts in 20 other countries. The song also sold over 12 million units worldwide, becoming one of the best-selling singles of all time. Trainor then released "Lips Are Movin" in November, which peaked in the top five of over ten countries. Her debut studio album, Title (2015), on which the aforementioned singles were included, debuted at number one in six countries and was certified triple Platinum in the US. It was supported by two other singles: "Dear Future Husband", which peaked at number 13 in the US, and "Like I'm Gonna Lose You", which peaked at number eight. Also in 2015, Trainor was featured on Charlie Puth's debut single, "Marvin Gaye", which topped the charts of four countries and sold more than four million units.
Trainor followed with her second studio album, Thank You (2016), which debuted at number three on the Billboard 200. Its first two singles, "No" and "Me Too" peaked at number three and number 13 respectively on the Billboard Hot 100.
Trainor is influenced by music from the 1950s and 1960s and is known for her throwback style. Her lyrics frequently refer to modern womanhood, body image, and empowerment. She has received several awards and nominations, including a Grammy Award, four ASCAP Pop Music Awards, and two Billboard Music Awards. Outside of music, Trainor has lent her voice to animated films and appeared as a judge on The Four: Battle for Stardom. National Register of Historic Places listings in Angelina County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Angelina County, Texas.
This is intended to be a complete list of properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Angelina County, Texas. There are 41 properties listed on the National Register in the county. Three properties are also Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bastrop County, Texas
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bastrop County, Texas.
This is intended to be a complete list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Bastrop County, Texas. There are five districts, including one National Historic Landmark district, and 95 individual properties listed on the National Register in the county. An additional site was formerly listed. One individually listed property is a State Antiquities Landmark and contains two Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks. Twenty-three other properties and numerous sites within three districts are also Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. National Register of Historic Places listings in Parke County, Indiana
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Parke County, Indiana.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Parke County, Indiana, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.There are 45 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including one National Historic Landmark. Another 3 properties were once listed but have been removed.
Properties and districts located in incorporated areas display the name of the municipality, while properties and districts in unincorporated areas display the name of their civil township. Properties and districts split between multiple jurisdictions display the names of all jurisdictions.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. San Miguel Beermen
The San Miguel Beermen are a professional basketball team in the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA). It is one of three PBA clubs owned by the San Miguel Corporation group of companies along with the Magnolia Hotshots and Barangay Ginebra San Miguel. It is the most successful franchise in the history of the PBA and the only remaining original franchise in the league. The Beermen currently lead the league with the most titles (25) and the most all-time victories (more than 1,200 wins). In addition, it has won the Grand Slam in 1989 and the Perpetual Jun Bernardino Trophy after winning three straight PBA Philippine Cups from 2015 to 2017. It is also the only team to have won at least one PBA title in each of the five numerical decades of the league's existence and was the first professional basketball team in the world ever to come back from a 0–3 deficit to win a best-of-seven playoff series which they did during the 2015–16 Philippine Cup Finals. Solar eclipse of December 22, 1870
A total solar eclipse occurred on December 22, 1870. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.
Totality was visible from southern Portugal and Spain, across northern Algeria, then crossing Sicily, Greece, Bulgaria, and ending in Ukraine. Solar eclipse of December 22, 1889
A total solar eclipse occurred on December 22, 1889. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.
It was visible from Cuba, to the coast of Brazil, and across southern Africa. The Newsroom (U.S. TV series)
The Newsroom is an American television political drama series created and principally written by Aaron Sorkin that premiered on HBO on June 24, 2012, and concluded on December 14, 2014, consisting of 25 episodes over three seasons, with 52 to 73 minute long episodes.
The series chronicles the behind-the-scenes events at the fictional Atlantis Cable News (ACN) channel. It features an ensemble cast including Jeff Daniels as anchor Will McAvoy who, together with his staff, sets out to put on a news show "in the face of corporate and commercial obstacles and their own personal entanglements". Other cast members include Emily Mortimer, John Gallagher Jr., Alison Pill, Thomas Sadoski, Dev Patel, Olivia Munn, and Sam Waterston.
Sorkin, who created the Emmy Award–winning political drama The West Wing, had reportedly been developing a cable-news-centered TV drama since 2009. After months of negotiations, premium cable network HBO ordered a pilot in January 2011 and then a full series in September that year. Sorkin did his research for the series by observing several real-world cable news programs first-hand. He served as executive producer, along with Scott Rudin and Alan Poul. The OA
The OA is an American mystery drama web television series with science fiction, supernatural and fantasy elements. The OA debuted on Netflix on December 16, 2016. Created and executive produced by Brit Marling and Zal Batmanglij, the series is their third collaboration. The series consists of two seasons of eight episodes each, mostly directed by Batmanglij, and is produced by Plan B Entertainment and Anonymous Content. In the series, Marling stars as a young woman named Prairie Johnson who resurfaces after having been missing for seven years. Prairie now calls herself "The OA" and can see, despite having been blind before her disappearance.
The OA received generally favorable critical reception. The series' directing, visuals and acting were often singled out.
On February 8, 2017, Netflix renewed the series for a second season, dubbed "Part II", that was released on March 22, 2019 to even more critical acclaim from critics and audiences.
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