December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 17 days remain until the end of the year.
|December 14 in recent years
| 2018 (Friday)
| 2017 (Thursday)
| 2016 (Wednesday)
| 2015 (Monday)
| 2014 (Sunday)
| 2013 (Saturday)
| 2012 (Friday)
| 2011 (Wednesday)
| 2010 (Tuesday)
| 2009 (Monday)
- 557 – Constantinople is severely damaged by an earthquake.
- 835 – Sweet Dew Incident: Emperor Wenzong of the Tang dynasty conspires to kill the powerful eunuchs of the Tang court, but the plot is foiled.
- 1287 – St. Lucia's flood: The Zuiderzee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
- 1542 – Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen of Scots at the age of one week on the death of her father, James V of Scotland.
- 1751 – The Theresian Military Academy is founded in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.
- 1780 – Founding Father Alexander Hamilton marries Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton at the Schuyler Mansion in Albany, New York
- 1782 – The Montgolfier brothers first test fly an unmanned hot air balloon in France; it floats nearly 2 km (1.2 mi).
- 1812 – The French invasion of Russia comes to an end as the remnants of the Grande Armée are expelled from Russia.
- 1814 – War of 1812: The Royal Navy seizes control of Lake Borgne, Louisiana.
- 1819 – Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state.
- 1836 – The Toledo War unofficially ends.
- 1896 – The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
- 1900 – Quantum mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
- 1902 – The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from San Francisco to Honolulu.
- 1903 – The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
- 1907 – The Thomas W. Lawson, the largest ever ship without a heat engine, runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Isles of Scilly in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.
- 1909 – New South Wales Premier Charles Wade signs the Seat of Government Surrender Act 1909, formally completing the transfer of State land to the Commonwealth to create the Australian Capital Territory.
- 1911 – Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
- 1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last Kongō-class ship, launches, eventually becoming one of the Japanese workhorses during World War I and World War II.
- 1914 – Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressive Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- 1918 – Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne.
- 1918 – Portuguese President Sidónio Pais is assassinated.
- 1918 – The 1918 United Kingdom general election occurred, the first where women were permitted to vote.
- 1939 – Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations for invading Finland.
- 1940 – Plutonium (specifically Pu-238) is first isolated at Berkeley, California.
- 1941 – World War II: Japan signs a treaty of alliance with Thailand.
- 1948 – Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr. and Estle Ray Mann are granted a patent for their cathode-ray tube amusement device, the earliest known interactive electronic game.
- 1955 – Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Ceylon, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations through United Nations Security Council Resolution 109.
- 1958 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first to reach the southern pole of inaccessibility.
- 1960 – Convention against Discrimination in Education of UNESCO is adopted.
- 1962 – NASA's Mariner 2 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.
- 1963 – The dam containing the Baldwin Hills Reservoir bursts, killing five people and damaging hundreds of homes in Los Angeles, California.
- 1964 – American Civil Rights Movement: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that Congress can use the Constitution's Commerce Clause to fight discrimination.
- 1971 – Bangladesh Liberation War: Over 200 of East Pakistan's intellectuals are executed by the Pakistan Army and their local allies. (The date is commemorated in Bangladesh as Martyred Intellectuals Day.)
- 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final extravehicular activity (EVA) of the Apollo 17 mission.
- 1981 – Arab–Israeli conflict: Israel's Knesset ratifies the Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the occupied Golan Heights.
- 1985 – Wilma Mankiller takes office as the first woman elected to serve as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
- 1992 – War in Abkhazia: Siege of Tkvarcheli: A helicopter carrying evacuees from Tkvarcheli is shot down, resulting in at least 52 deaths, including 25 children. The incident catalyses more concerted Russian military intervention on behalf of Abkhazia.
- 1994 – Construction begins on the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze river.
- 1995 – Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by the leaders of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- 1998 – Yugoslav Wars: The Yugoslav Army ambushes a group of Kosovo Liberation Army fighters attempting to smuggle weapons from Albania into Kosovo, killing 36.
- 1999 – Torrential rains cause flash floods in Vargas, Venezuela, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, the destruction of thousands of homes, and the complete collapse of the state's infrastructure.
- 2003 – Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt.
- 2004 – The Millau Viaduct, the tallest bridge in the world, is formally inaugurated near Millau, France.
- 2008 – Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws his shoes at then-U.S. President George W. Bush during a press conference in Baghdad, Iraq.
- 2012 – Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting: Twenty-eight people, including the gunman, are killed in Sandy Hook, Connecticut.
- 2013 – A reported coup attempt in South Sudan leads to continued fighting and hundreds of casualties.
- 2017 – The Walt Disney Company announces that it would acquire 21st Century Fox, including the 20th Century Fox movie studio, for $52.4 billion.
- 1009 – Go-Suzaku, emperor of Japan (d. 1045)
- 1332 – Frederick III, German nobleman (d. 1381)
- 1546 – Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer and chemist (d. 1601)
- 1599 – Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge, English politician (d. 1668)
- 1607 – János Kemény, Hungarian prince (d. 1662)
- 1625 – Barthélemy d'Herbelot, French orientalist and academic (d. 1695)
- 1631 – Anne Conway, English philosopher and author (d. 1679)
- 1640 – Aphra Behn, English playwright and author (d. 1689)
- 1678 – Daniel Neal, English historian and author (d. 1743)
- 1720 – Justus Möser, German jurist and theorist (d. 1794)
- 1730 – Capel Bond, English organist and composer (d. 1790)
- 1738 – Jan Antonín Koželuh, Czech composer and educator (d. 1814)
- 1775 – Philander Chase, American bishop and educator, founded Kenyon College (d. 1852)
- 1775 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, Scottish admiral and politician (d. 1860)
- 1777 – Du Pre Alexander, 2nd Earl of Caledon, Irish politician, Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone (d. 1839)
- 1784 – Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily (d. 1806)
- 1789 – Maria Szymanowska, Polish composer and pianist (d. 1831)
- 1791 – Charles Wolfe, Irish priest and poet (d. 1823)
- 1794 – Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (d. 1872)
- 1816 – Abraham Hochmuth, Hungarian rabbi and educator (d. 1889)
- 1824 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter and illustrator (d. 1898)
- 1832 – Daniel H. Reynolds, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1902)
- 1851 – Mary Tappan Wright, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1916)
- 1852 – Daniel De Leon, Curaçaoan-American journalist and politician (d. 1914)
- 1853 – Errico Malatesta, Italian activist and theorist (d. 1932)
- 1856 – Louis Marshall, American lawyer and activist (d. 1929)
- 1866 – Roger Fry, English painter and critic (d. 1934)
- 1870 – Karl Renner, Austrian lawyer and politician, 4th President of Austria (d. 1950)
- 1881 – Katherine MacDonald, American actress and producer (d. 1956)
- 1883 – Manolis Kalomiris, Greek pianist and composer (d. 1962)
- 1883 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, developed aikido (d. 1969)
- 1884 – Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950)
- 1887 – Xul Solar, Argentinian painter and sculptor (d. 1963)
- 1894 – Alexander Nelke, Estonian-American painter and carpenter (d. 1974)
- 1895 – George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
- 1895 – Paul Éluard, French poet and author (d. 1952)
- 1896 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)
- 1897 – Kurt Schuschnigg, Italian-Austrian lawyer and politician, 15th Federal Chancellor of Austria (d. 1977)
- 1897 – Margaret Chase Smith, American educator and politician (d. 1995)
- 1899 – DeFord Bailey, American Hall of Fame country and blues musician (d. 1982)
- 1901 – Henri Cochet, French tennis player (d. 1987)
- 1901 – Paul of Greece (d. 1964)
- 1902 – Frances Bavier, American actress (d. 1989)
- 1902 – Herbert Feigl, Austrian philosopher from the Vienna Circle (d. 1988)
- 1903 – Walter Rangeley, English sprinter (d. 1982)
- 1904 – Virginia Coffey, American civil rights activist (d. 2003)
- 1908 – Morey Amsterdam, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (d. 1996)
- 1908 – Claude Davey, Welsh rugby player (d. 2001)
- 1908 – Mária Szepes, Hungarian journalist, author, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
- 1909 – Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
- 1911 – Spike Jones, American singer and bandleader (d. 1965)
- 1911 – Hans von Ohain, German-American physicist and engineer (d. 1998)
- 1911 – Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz, Greek-Polish swimmer and water polo player (d. 1943)
- 1914 – Karl Carstens, German lieutenant and politician, 5th President of the Federal Republic of Germany (d. 1992)
- 1914 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichord player (d. 2003)
- 1915 – Dan Dailey, American dancer and actor (d. 1978)
- 1916 – Shirley Jackson, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1965)
- 1917 – C.-H. Hermansson, Swedish author and politician (d. 2016)
- 1917 – Elyse Knox, American actress and fashion designer (d. 2012)
- 1917 – June Taylor, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2004)
- 1918 – James T. Aubrey, American broadcaster (d. 1994)
- 1918 – Radu Beligan, Romanian actor and director (d. 2016)
- 1918 – B. K. S. Iyengar, Indian yoga instructor and author, founded Iyengar Yoga (d. 2014)
- 1920 – Clark Terry, American trumpet player, composer, and educator (d. 2015)
- 1922 – Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
- 1922 – Don Hewitt, American journalist and producer, created 60 Minutes (d. 2009)
- 1922 – Junior J. Spurrier, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1984)
- 1923 – Gerard Reve, Dutch-Belgian author and poet (d. 2006)
- 1924 – Raj Kapoor, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 1988)
- 1925 – Sam Jones, American baseball player (d. 1971)
- 1927 – Richard Cassilly, American tenor and actor (d. 1998)
- 1927 – Koos Rietkerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of the Interior (d. 1986)
- 1929 – Ron Jarden, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1977)
- 1930 – David R. Harris, English geographer, anthropologist, and archaeologist (d. 2013)
- 1930 – Margaret Bakkes, South African author (d. 2016)
- 1931 – Jon Elia, Pakistani philosopher, poet, and scholar (d. 2002)
- 1931 – Vladimir-Georg Karassev-Orgusaar, Estonian director and politician (d. 2015)
- 1932 – George Furth, American actor and playwright (d. 2008)
- 1932 – Abbe Lane, American actress, singer, and dancer
- 1932 – Charlie Rich, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1995)
- 1934 – Shyam Benegal, Indian director and screenwriter
- 1934 – Charlie Hodge, American guitarist and singer (d. 2006)
- 1935 – Lewis Arquette, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2001)
- 1935 – Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991)
- 1938 – Leonardo Boff, Brazilian theologian and author
- 1938 – Charlie Griffith, Barbadian cricketer
- 1939 – Ann Cryer, English academic and politician
- 1939 – Ernie Davis, American football player (d. 1963)
- 1940 – Lex Gold, Scottish footballer and civil servant
- 1941 – Karan Armstrong, American soprano and actress
- 1941 – Ellen Willis, American journalist, critic, and academic (d. 2006)
- 1942 – Chris Harris, English actor and director (d. 2014)
- 1942 – Dick Wagner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
- 1943 – Tommy McAvoy, Scottish politician
- 1943 – Emmett Tyrrell, American journalist, author, and publisher, founded The American Spectator
- 1944 – Graham Kirkham, Baron Kirkham, English businessman, founded DFS
- 1946 – Antony Beevor, English historian and author
- 1946 – Jane Birkin, English-French actress and singer
- 1946 – John Du Prez, English conductor and composer
- 1946 – Patty Duke, American actress (d. 2016)
- 1946 – Ruth Fuchs, German javelin thrower and politician
- 1946 – Peter Lorimer, Scottish footballer
- 1946 – Michael Ovitz, American talent agent, co-founded Creative Artists Agency
- 1946 – Stan Smith, American tennis player and coach
- 1946 – Joyce Vincent Wilson, American singer
- 1947 – Christopher Parkening, American guitarist and educator
- 1947 – Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian economist and politician, 36th President of Brazil
- 1948 – Lester Bangs, American journalist and author (d. 1982)
- 1948 – Kim Beazley, Australian politician and diplomat, 9th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
- 1948 – Boudewijn Büch, Dutch author, poet, and television host (d. 2002)
- 1948 – Peeter Kreitzberg, Estonian lawyer and politician (d. 2011)
- 1949 – Bill Buckner, American baseball player and manager
- 1949 – Cliff Williams, Australian bass player
- 1951 – Jan Timman, Dutch chess player and author
- 1952 – John Lurie, American actor, saxophonist, painter, director, and producer
- 1953 – Vijay Amritraj, Indian tennis player and sportscaster
- 1953 – Wade Davis, Canadian anthropologist, author, and photographer
- 1953 – René Eespere, Estonian composer
- 1953 – Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician, 4th Greek Minister for National Defence
- 1953 – Mikael Odenberg, Swedish soldier and politician, 29th Swedish Minister for Defence
- 1954 – Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (d. 1993)
- 1954 – Steve MacLean, Canadian physicist and astronaut
- 1955 – Jane Crafter, Australian golfer
- 1955 – Jill Pipher, American mathematician and academic
- 1956 – Linda Fabiani, Scottish politician
- 1956 – Hanni Wenzel, German skier
- 1958 – Mike Scott, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1958 – Spider Stacy, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1959 – Bob Paris, American-Canadian bodybuilder and actor
- 1959 – Jorge Vaca, Mexican boxer
- 1960 – Don Franklin, American actor
- 1960 – Chris Waddle, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
- 1960 – Diane Williams, American sprinter
- 1960 – James Comey, 7th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
- 1961 – Jeff Robinson, American baseball player (d. 2014)
- 1961 – Patrik Sundström, Swedish ice hockey player
- 1963 – Greg Abbott, English footballer and manager
- 1963 – Diana Gansky, German discus thrower
- 1965 – Craig Biggio, American baseball player and coach
- 1965 – Ken Hill, American baseball player
- 1965 – Ted Raimi, American actor, director, and screenwriter
- 1966 – Fabrizio Giovanardi, Italian race car driver
- 1966 – Anthony Mason, American basketball player (d. 2015)
- 1966 – Helle Thorning-Schmidt, Danish academic and politician, 41st Prime Minister of Denmark
- 1966 – Bill Ranford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
- 1966 – Tim Sköld, Swedish bass player and producer
- 1967 – Ewa Białołęcka, Polish author
- 1967 – Hanne Haugland, Norwegian high jumper and coach
- 1968 – Kelley Armstrong, Canadian author
- 1969 – Scott Hatteberg, American baseball player and sportscaster
- 1969 – Archie Kao, American actor and producer
- 1969 – Arthur Numan, Dutch footballer and manager
- 1969 – Natascha McElhone, English-Irish actress
- 1970 – Anna Maria Jopek, Polish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
- 1970 – Beth Orton, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1971 – Michaela Watkins, American actor and comedian
- 1972 – Miranda Hart, English actress
- 1972 – Marcus Jensen, American baseball player and coach
- 1973 – Falk Balzer, German hurdler
- 1973 – Pat Burke, Irish basketball player
- 1973 – Tomasz Radzinski, Polish-Canadian footballer
- 1973 – Saulius Štombergas, Lithuanian basketball player and coach
- 1974 – Billy Koch, American baseball player
- 1975 – Justin Furstenfeld, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- 1975 – Ben Kay, English rugby player
- 1976 – Tammy Blanchard, American actress and singer
- 1976 – Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter
- 1976 – Sebastien Chaule, French-German rugby player
- 1976 – André Couto, Portuguese race car driver
- 1976 – Santiago Ezquerro, Spanish footballer
- 1977 – Brendan Nash, Australian-Jamaican cricketer
- 1977 – Jamie Peacock, English rugby player and manager
- 1978 – Dean Brogan, Australian footballer and coach
- 1978 – Shedrack Kibet Korir, Kenyan runner
- 1978 – Zdeněk Pospěch, Czech footballer
- 1978 – Patty Schnyder, Swiss tennis player
- 1978 – Kim St-Pierre, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1979 – Jean-Alain Boumsong, French footballer
- 1979 – Andrei Makrov, Estonian ice hockey player
- 1979 – Sophie Monk, English-Australian singer-songwriter and actress
- 1979 – Michael Owen, English footballer and sportscaster
- 1980 – Gordon Greer, Scottish footballer
- 1980 – Didier Zokora, Ivorian footballer
- 1980 – Thed Björk, Swedish racing driver
- 1981 – Rebecca Jarvis, American journalist
- 1981 – Johnny Jeter, American wrestler
- 1981 – Liam Lawrence, Irish footballer
- 1981 – Shaun Marcum, American baseball player
- 1982 – Josh Fields, American baseball player
- 1982 – Steve Sidwell, English footballer
- 1982 – Anthony Way, English singer and actor
- 1983 – Leanne Mitchell, English singer-songwriter
- 1984 – Chris Brunt, Northern Irish footballer
- 1984 – Rana Daggubati, Indian actor and producer
- 1984 – Ed Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
- 1985 – Jakub Błaszczykowski, Polish footballer
- 1985 – Alex Pennie, Welsh keyboard player
- 1985 – Paul Rabil, American lacrosse player
- 1985 – Tom Smith, English-Welsh rugby player
- 1985 – Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress and singer
- 1987 – Kenneth Medwood, Belizean-American hurdler
- 1988 – Nicolas Batum, French basketball player
- 1988 – Nate Ebner, American football player
- 1988 – Vanessa Hudgens, American actress and singer
- 1988 – Hayato Sakamoto, Japanese baseball player
- 1989 – Sam Burgess, English rugby league player
- 1989 – Pedro Roberto Silva Botelho, Brazilian footballer
- 1989 – Onew, South Korean singer-songwriter and dancer
- 1991 – Ben Henry, New Zealand rugby league player
- 1991 – Offset, American rapper
- 1992 – Tori Kelly, American singer-songwriter
- 1992 – Ryo Miyaichi, Japanese footballer
- 1993 – Antonio Giovinazzi, Italian racing driver
- 1995 – Calvyn Justus , South African swimmer
- 1996 – Li Zijun, Chinese figure skater
- 618 – Xue Rengao, emperor of Qin
- 704 – Aldfrith, king of Northumbria (or 705)
- 872 – Pope Adrian II (b. 792)
- 1077 – Agnes of Poitou, Holy Roman Empress and regent (b. c. 1025)
- 1293 – Al-Ashraf Khalil, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
- 1311 – Margaret of Brabant, German queen consort (b. 1276)
- 1332 – Rinchinbal Khan, Mongolian emperor (b. 1326)
- 1359 – Cangrande II della Scala, Lord of Verona (b. 1332)
- 1417 – John Oldcastle, English Lollard leader
- 1460 – Guarino da Verona, Italian scholar and translator (b. 1370)
- 1480 – Niccolò Perotti, humanist scholar (b. 1429)
- 1503 – Sten Sture the Elder, regent of Sweden (b. 1440)
- 1510 – Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
- 1542 – James V of Scotland (b. 1512)
- 1591 – John of the Cross, Spanish priest and saint (b. 1542)
- 1595 – Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon (b. 1535)
- 1624 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English politician, Lord High Admiral (b. 1536)
- 1651 – Pierre Dupuy, French historian and scholar (b. 1582)
- 1715 – Thomas Tenison, English archbishop (b. 1636)
- 1735 – Thomas Tanner, English bishop and historian (b. 1674)
- 1741 – Charles Rollin, French historian and educator (b. 1661)
- 1785 – Giovanni Battista Cipriani, Italian painter and engraver (b. 1727)
- 1788 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German pianist and composer (b. 1714)
- 1788 – Charles III of Spain (b. 1716)
- 1799 – George Washington, American general and politician, 1st President of the United States (b. 1732)
- 1831 – Martin Baum, American businessman and politician, 5th Mayor of Cincinnati (b. 1765)
- 1838 – Jean-Olivier Chénier, Canadian physician (b. 1806)
- 1842 – Ben Crack-O, king of several tribes around Cape Palmas
- 1860 – George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Scottish-English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
- 1861 – Albert, Prince Consort of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
- 1865 – Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist and mineralogist (b. 1794)
- 1873 – Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American zoologist and geologist (b. 1807)
- 1878 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom (b. 1843)
- 1912 – Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, English lieutenant and explorer (b. 1887)
- 1917 – Phil Waller, Welsh rugby player (b. 1889)
- 1920 – George Gipp, American football player (b. 1895)
- 1927 – Julian Sochocki, Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1842)
- 1935 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, American author (b. 1902)
- 1937 – Fabián de la Rosa, Filipino painter and educator (b. 1869)
- 1940 – Anton Korošec, Slovenian priest and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1872)
- 1943 – John Harvey Kellogg, American physician and businessman, co-invented corn flakes (b. 1852)
- 1944 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (b. 1908)
- 1947 – Stanley Baldwin, English lieutenant and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
- 1947 – Edward Higgins, English-American 3rd General of The Salvation Army (b. 1864)
- 1953 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author and academic (b. 1896)
- 1956 – Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish lawyer and politician, 7th President of Finland (b. 1870)
- 1963 – Dinah Washington, American singer and pianist (b. 1924)
- 1964 – William Bendix, American actor (b. 1906)
- 1970 – Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician, German Reich Minister of Justice (b. 1876)
- 1971 – Mufazzal Haider Chaudhury, Bangladeshi linguist and scholar (b. 1926)
- 1971 – Munier Choudhury, Bangladeshi author, playwright, and critic (b. 1925)
- 1971 – Shahidullah Kaiser, Bangladeshi journalist and author (b. 1927)
- 1974 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist and author (b. 1889)
- 1975 – Arthur Treacher, English-American entertainer (b. 1894)
- 1978 – Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish historian and diplomat, co-founded the College of Europe (b. 1886)
- 1980 – Elston Howard, American baseball player and coach (b. 1929)
- 1984 – Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish poet and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
- 1985 – Catherine Doherty, Russian-Canadian activist, founded the Madonna House Apostolate (b. 1896)
- 1985 – Roger Maris, American baseball player and coach (b. 1934)
- 1989 – Jock Mahoney, American actor and stuntman (b. 1919)
- 1989 – Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
- 1990 – Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss author and playwright (b. 1921)
- 1991 – Robert Eddison, Japanese-English actor (b. 1908)
- 1993 – Jeff Alm, American football player (b. 1968)
- 1993 – Myrna Loy, American actress (b. 1905)
- 1994 – Orval Faubus, American soldier and politician, 36th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1910)
- 1995 – G. C. Edmondson, American soldier and author (b. 1922)
- 1996 – Gaston Miron, Canadian poet and author (b. 1928)
- 1997 – Stubby Kaye, American actor and comedian (b. 1918)
- 1997 – Emily Cheney Neville, American author (b. 1919)
- 1997 – Kurt Winter, Canadian guitarist and songwriter (b. 1946)
- 1998 – Norman Fell, American actor and comedian (b. 1924)
- 1998 – A. Leon Higginbotham Jr., American lawyer, judge, and activist (b. 1928)
- 1998 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician, Mayor of Dallas (b. 1924)
- 2001 – W. G. Sebald, German novelist, essayist, and poet (b. 1944)
- 2003 – Jeanne Crain, American actress (b. 1925)
- 2003 – Blas Ople, Filipino journalist and politician, 21st President of the Senate of the Philippines (b. 1927)
- 2003 – Frank Sheeran, American union leader and mobster (b. 1920)
- 2004 – Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (b. 1934)
- 2004 – Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor, director, producer, and politician (b. 1939)
- 2006 – Anton Balasingham, Sri Lankan-English strategist and negotiator (b. 1938)
- 2006 – Ahmet Ertegün, Turkish-American composer and producer, co-founded Atlantic Records (b. 1923)
- 2006 – Mike Evans, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1949)
- 2009 – Alan A'Court, English footballer and manager (b. 1934)
- 2010 – Timothy Davlin, American politician, Mayor of Springfield (b. 1957)
- 2010 – Neva Patterson, American actress (b. 1920)
- 2010 – Dale Roberts, English footballer (b. 1986)
- 2011 – Joe Simon, American author and illustrator (b. 1913)
- 2011 – Billie Jo Spears, American singer-songwriter (b. 1937)
- 2012 – John Graham, English general (b. 1923)
- 2012 – Edward Jones, American police officer and politician (b. 1950)
- 2012 – Victoria Leigh Soto, American educator (b. 1985)
- 2013 – Janet Dailey, American author (b. 1944)
- 2013 – C. N. Karunakaran, Indian painter and illustrator (b. 1940)
- 2013 – Dennis Lindley, English statistician and academic (b. 1923)
- 2013 – Peter O'Toole, British-Irish actor (b. 1932)
- 2013 – George Rodrigue, American painter (b. 1944)
- 2014 – Theo Colborn, American zoologist and academic (b. 1927)
- 2014 – Irene Dalis, American soprano and pianist (b. 1925)
- 2014 – Louis Alphonse Koyagialo, Congolese politician, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1947)
- 2014 – Bess Myerson, American model, activist, game show panelist and television personality; Miss America 1945 (b. 1924)
- 2014 – Fred Thurston, American football player (b. 1933)
- 2015 – Terry Backer, American soldier and politician (b. 1954)
- 2015 – Glen Sonmor, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1929)
- 2015 – Vadym Tyshchenko, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1963)
- 2015 – Lillian Vernon, German-American businesswoman and philanthropist, founded the Lillian Vernon Company (b. 1927)
- 2016 – Paulo Evaristo Arns, Brazilian cardinal (b. 1921)
- 2016 – Bernard Fox, Welsh actor (b. 1927)
- 2017 – Yu Kwang-chung, Chinese writer (b. 1928)
Holidays and observances
- ^ Vogel, Michelle (2012). Lupe Velez: The Life and Career of Hollywood's Mexican Spitfire. McFarland. p. 153. ISBN 0-7864-8997-9.
External links Aaliyah
Aaliyah Dana Haughton (; January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001) was an American singer, actress, and model. Born in Brooklyn, New York, and raised in Detroit, Michigan, she first gained recognition at the age of 10, when she appeared on the television show Star Search and performed in concert alongside Gladys Knight. At the age of 12, Aaliyah signed with Jive Records and her uncle Barry Hankerson's Blackground Records. Hankerson introduced her to R. Kelly, who became her mentor, as well as lead songwriter and producer of her debut album, Age Ain't Nothing but a Number. The album sold 3 million copies in the United States and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). After facing allegations of an illegal marriage with Kelly, Aaliyah ended her contract with Jive and signed with Atlantic Records.
Aaliyah worked with record producers Timbaland and Missy Elliott for her second album, One in a Million, which sold 3 million copies in the United States and more than 8 million copies worldwide. In 2000, Aaliyah appeared in her first film, Romeo Must Die. She contributed to the film's soundtrack, which spawned the single "Try Again". The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 solely on airplay, making Aaliyah the first artist in Billboard history to achieve this goal. "Try Again" also earned Aaliyah a Grammy Award nomination for Best Female R&B Vocalist. After completing Romeo Must Die, Aaliyah filmed her role in Queen of the Damned, and released her self-titled third and final studio album in 2001.
On August 25, 2001, Aaliyah and eight others were killed in a plane crash in the Bahamas after filming the music video for the single "Rock the Boat". The pilot, Luis Morales III, was unlicensed at the time of the accident and toxicology tests revealed that he had traces of cocaine and alcohol in his system. Aaliyah's family later filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Blackhawk International Airways, which was settled out of court. Aaliyah's music continued to achieve commercial success with several posthumous releases, and has sold an estimated 24 to 32 million albums worldwide. She has been credited for helping redefine contemporary R&B, pop and hip hop, earning her the nicknames the "Princess of R&B" and "Queen of Urban Pop". Billboard lists her as the tenth most successful female R&B artist of the past 25 years, and the 27th most successful in history. Acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney
The acquisition of 21st Century Fox by The Walt Disney Company took place on March 20, 2019. Among other key assets, the acquisition included the 20th Century Fox film and television studios, Fox Television Group (along with cable channels such as FX), international networks, a 73% stake in National Geographic Partners, Indian television broadcaster Star India, a 30% stake in Hulu, and a lease on the 20th Century Fox studio lot. Immediately preceding the acquisition, 21st Century Fox spun off the Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox Television Stations, Fox News Channel, the Fox Business Network, FS1, FS2, Fox Deportes and the Big Ten Network into the newly-formed Fox Corporation.Comcast (parent company of NBCUniversal) made its own offer on June 13, 2018, a $65 billion all-cash proposal to acquire the Fox assets that Disney was set to purchase. This touched off a major bidding war between the two companies. A week later, Disney counterbid with a $71.3 billion offer. Comcast officially dropped its bid on July 19 to focus on acquiring a controlling stake in Sky plc. Alan Thicke
Alan Thicke (born Alan Willis Jeffrey; March 1, 1947 – December 13, 2016) was a Canadian actor, songwriter, comedian, game and talk show host. He is the father of singer Robin Thicke. In 2013, Thicke was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. Thicke was best known for playing Dr. Jason Seaver on the 1980s sitcom Growing Pains. Thicke died on December 13, 2016, in the Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, California, U.S. Cornell University
Cornell University ( kor-NEL) is a private and statutory Ivy League research university in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White, the university was intended to teach and make contributions in all fields of knowledge—from the classics to the sciences, and from the theoretical to the applied. These ideals, unconventional for the time, are captured in Cornell's founding principle, a popular 1868 Ezra Cornell quotation: "I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study."The university is broadly organized into seven undergraduate colleges and seven graduate divisions at its main Ithaca campus, with each college and division defining its own admission standards and academic programs in near autonomy. The university also administers two satellite medical campuses, one in New York City and one in Education City, Qatar, and Cornell Tech, a graduate program that incorporates technology, business, and creative thinking. The program moved from Google's Chelsea Building in New York City to its permanent campus on Roosevelt Island in September 2017.
Cornell is one of ten private land grant universities in the United States and the only one in New York. Of its seven undergraduate colleges, three are state-supported statutory or contract colleges through the State University of New York (SUNY) system, including its agricultural and human ecology colleges as well as its industrial labor relations school. Of Cornell's graduate schools, only the veterinary college is state-supported. As a land grant college, Cornell operates a cooperative extension outreach program in every county of New York and receives annual funding from the State of New York for certain educational missions. The Cornell University Ithaca Campus comprises 745 acres, but is much larger when the Cornell Botanic Gardens (more than 4,300 acres) and the numerous university-owned lands in New York City are considered.As of October 2018, 58 Nobel laureates, four Turing Award winners and one Fields Medalist have been affiliated with Cornell University. Since its founding, Cornell has been a co-educational, non-sectarian institution where admission has not been restricted by religion or race. Cornell counts more than 245,000 living alumni, and its former and present faculty and alumni include 34 Marshall Scholars, 30 Rhodes Scholars, 29 Truman Scholars, 7 Gates Scholars, 55 Olympic Medalists, and 14 living billionaires. The student body consists of more than 14,000 undergraduate and 8,000 graduate students from all 50 American states and 116 countries. Dave Roberts (outfielder)
David Ray Roberts (born May 31, 1972) is an American professional baseball manager and former outfielder who is the current manager for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB). He played for five Major League teams over a ten-year career and then coached for the San Diego Padres before being named Dodgers manager for the 2016 season. The son of a Japanese mother and African American father, Roberts became the first manager of Asian heritage to lead a team to the World Series in 2017, when the Dodgers captured the National League pennant. Although he played for the Boston Red Sox for only part of one season, his most notable achievement as a player was a key stolen base in the 2004 ALCS that ignited the Red Sox's drive to their curse-breaking championship that year. Roberts batted and threw left-handed. G-Eazy
Gerald Earl Gillum (born May 24, 1989), known professionally as G-Eazy, is an American rapper and philanthropist from Oakland, California. His first major-label album, These Things Happen, was released on June 23, 2014 and peaked at number 3 on the US Billboard 200. His second studio album, When It's Dark Out, was released on December 4, 2015. It featured the single "Me, Myself & I", which reached the top 10 of the US Billboard Hot 100. His third and most recent studio album, The Beautiful & Damned, was released on December 15, 2017. Google Docs
Google Docs is a word processor included as part of a free, web-based software office suite offered by Google within its Google Drive service. This service also includes Google Sheets and Google Slides, a spreadsheet and presentation program respectively. Google Docs is available as a web application, mobile app for Android, iOS, Windows, BlackBerry, and as a desktop application on Google's ChromeOS. The app is compatible with Microsoft Office file formats.
The application allows users to create and edit files online while collaborating with other users in real-time. Edits are tracked by user with a revision history presenting changes. An editor's position is highlighted with an editor-specific color and cursor. A permissions system regulates what users can do. Updates have introduced features using machine learning, including "Explore", offering search results based on the contents of a document, and "Action items", allowing users to assign tasks to other users. I Am Legend (film)
I Am Legend is a 2007 American post-apocalyptic science fiction horror film based on the novel of the same name, directed by Francis Lawrence and starring Will Smith, who plays US Army virologist Robert Neville. The story is set in New York City after a virus, which was originally created to cure cancer, has wiped out most of mankind, leaving Neville as the last human in New York, other than nocturnal mutants. Neville is immune to the virus and he works to develop a cure while defending himself against the hostile mutants.
Warner Bros. began developing I Am Legend in 1994, and various actors and directors were attached to the project, though production was delayed due to budgetary concerns related to the script. Production began in 2006 in New York City, filming mainly on location in the city, including a $5 million scene at the Brooklyn Bridge. It is the third feature-film adaptation of Richard Matheson's 1954 novel I Am Legend, following 1964's The Last Man on Earth and 1971's The Omega Man.
The film was released on December 14, 2007, in the United States and Canada, and opened to the largest ever box office (not adjusted for inflation) for a non-Christmas film released in the U.S. in December. The film was the seventh-highest grossing film of 2007, earning $256 million domestically and $329 million internationally, for a total of $585 million. Leon Russell
Leon Russell (born Claude Russell Bridges; April 2, 1942 – November 13, 2016) was an American musician and songwriter who was involved with numerous bestselling pop music records during his 60-year career. His genres included pop, country, rock, folk, gospel, bluegrass, rhythm and blues, folk rock, blues rock, surf, standards, and Tulsa Sound.His collaborations rank as some of the most successful in music history, and as a touring musician he performed with hundreds of notable artists. He recorded 33 albums and at least 430 songs. He wrote "Delta Lady", recorded by Joe Cocker, and organized and performed with Cocker's Mad Dogs and Englishmen tour in 1970. His "A Song for You", added to the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2018, has been recorded by more than 200 artists, and his "This Masquerade" by more than 75.As a pianist, he played in his early years on albums by The Beach Boys, Dick Dale and Jan and Dean. On his first album, Leon Russell, in 1970, the musicians included Eric Clapton, Ringo Starr, and George Harrison. One of his biggest early fans, Elton John, said Russell was a "mentor" and an "inspiration". They recorded their album The Union in 2010, which earned them a Grammy nomination.Russell produced and played in recording sessions for, among others Bob Dylan, Frank Sinatra, Ike & Tina Turner, and The Rolling Stones. He wrote and recorded the hits "Tight Rope" and "Lady Blue". He performed at The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 along with Harrison, Dylan, and Clapton, for which he earned a Grammy Award.
His recordings earned six gold records. He received two Grammy awards from seven nominations. In 2011, he was inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Marshmello
Christopher Comstock (born May 19, 1992), known professionally as Marshmello, is an American electronic music producer and DJ. He first gained international recognition by releasing remixes of songs by American DJ duo Jack Ü and Russian-German DJ Zedd. He is best known for the songs "Silence", "Wolves", "Friends", and "Happier", all of which have been certified multi-platinum in several countries and appeared in the Top 30 of the Billboard Hot 100.His debut studio album, Joytime, was released in January 2016, which included the lead single and Marshmello's debut single "Keep It Mello". Marshmello's second song in 2016, a platinum-certified single titled "Alone", was released in May via the Canadian record label Monstercat. Having peaked on the US Billboard Hot 100 at number 60, it became his first single to be certified platinum in the US and Canada with over a million copies of certified units. That year, he released three subsequent singles. In 2017, after releasing singles such as "Chasing Colors", "Twinbow" and "Moving On", Marshmello collaborated with American R&B singer Khalid to release "Silence" as a single, which was certified platinum and multi-platinum in eight countries. Succeeding another single, one of his best-selling singles, a collaboration with American singer Selena Gomez, titled "Wolves" was released.
His second single of 2018, titled "Friends", a collaboration with British singer Anne-Marie, was released. Months later, his second studio album, Joytime II, was released with singles "Tell Me" and "Check This Out". Marshmello's highest-charting song on the Billboard Hot 100 and in the United Kingdom, titled "Happier", a collaboration with British band Bastille, was released in August. He was named by Forbes in eighth place on their annual ranking of the world's highest-paid DJs in 2017 as he earned $21 million in the twelve months prior June 2017. Offset (rapper)
Kiari Kendrell Cephus (born December 14, 1991), known professionally as Offset, is an American rapper, singer and songwriter from Lawrenceville, Georgia. He is a member of the hip hop and trap music trio Migos, alongside cousins Takeoff and Quavo. Prime Video
Prime Video, also referred to as Amazon Prime Video, is an Internet video on demand service that is developed, owned, and operated by Amazon. It offers television shows and films for rent or purchase and Prime Video, a selection of Amazon Studios original content and licensed acquisitions included in the Amazon's Prime subscription. In the UK, US, Germany, and Austria, access to Prime Video is also available through a video-only membership, which does not require a full Prime subscription. In countries like France and Italy, Rent or Buy and Prime Video are not available on the Amazon website and Prime Video content is only accessible through a dedicated website. In some countries Amazon Video additionally offers Amazon Channels, which allows viewers to subscribe to other suppliers' content, including HBO in the United States.Launched on September 7, 2006 as Amazon Unbox in the United States, the service grew with its expanding library, and added the Prime Video membership with the development of Prime. It was then renamed as Amazon Instant Video on Demand. After acquiring the local streaming and DVD-by-mail service LoveFilm in 2011, Prime Video was added to Prime in the United Kingdom, Germany and Austria in 2014, a move that angered some Prime UK members as the bundling was non-negotiable with a 61% increase in subscription fee.In the UK, Germany, and Austria, Prime Video has been available on a monthly subscription of £5.99 or €7.99 per month, continuing the plan of LoveFilm Instant. The service was previously available in Norway, Denmark and Sweden in 2012, but was discontinued in 2013. On April 18, 2016, Amazon split Prime Video from Amazon Prime in the US for $8.99 per month. The service also hosts Amazon Original content alongside titles on Video as well.
On December 14, 2016, Amazon Video launched worldwide (except for Mainland China, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria) expanding its reach beyond US, UK, Germany, Austria, and Japan. Among the new territories, the service was included with Prime in Belgium, Canada, France, India, Italy, Spain, Poland, and Brazil, while for all other countries – for instance Bulgaria, it was made available for a monthly promotional price of $/€2.99 per month for the first six months and $/€5.99 per month thereafter. Rami Malek
Rami Said Malek (; Egyptian Arabic: [ˈɾɑːmi sæˈʕiːd ˈmæːlek]; Arabic: رامي سعيد مالك; born May 12, 1981) is an American actor. His breakthrough role was as computer hacker Elliot Alderson in the USA Network television series Mr. Robot (2015–present), for which he received several accolades, including the 2016 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. In 2018, he portrayed Freddie Mercury in the biopic Bohemian Rhapsody, for which he received critical acclaim and won several awards, including the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Screen Actors Guild Award, and British Academy Film Award for Best Actor. He is the first actor of Egyptian heritage to win the Academy Award for Best Actor. Time magazine named Malek one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2019.
Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, to Egyptian immigrant parents, Malek studied theater at the University of Evansville in Indiana. He began his acting career with supporting roles in film and television, including the Fox sitcom The War at Home (2005–2007), the HBO miniseries The Pacific (2010), and the Night at the Museum film trilogy (2006–2014). He has done voicework for television and video games, as well as motion capture for the latter. Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting
The Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting occurred on December 14, 2012, in Newtown, Connecticut, United States, when 20-year-old Adam Lanza fatally shot 20 children between six and seven years old, and six adult staff members. Before driving to the school, he shot and killed his mother at their Newtown home. As first responders arrived at the school, Lanza committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.
The incident was the deadliest mass shooting at either a high school or grade school in U.S. history and the fourth-deadliest mass shooting by a single person in U.S. history. The shooting prompted renewed debate about gun control in the United States, including proposals to make the background-check system universal, and for new federal and state gun legislation banning the sale and manufacture of certain types of semi-automatic firearms and magazines with more than ten rounds of ammunition.
A November 2013 report issued by the Connecticut State Attorney's office concluded that Lanza acted alone and planned his actions, but provided no indication why he did so, or why he targeted the school. A report issued by the Office of the Child Advocate in November 2014 said that Lanza had Asperger's syndrome and as a teenager suffered from depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder, but concluded that they had "neither caused nor led to his murderous acts." The report went on to say, "his severe and deteriorating internalized mental health problems ... combined with an atypical preoccupation with violence ... (and) access to
deadly weapons ... proved a recipe for mass murder". Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020
A total solar eclipse will occur on December 14, 2020. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.
The path is similar to the solar eclipse of February 26, 2017. It will also take place just 17 months after the solar eclipse of July 2, 2019, which, like this one, will also be visible from Chile and Argentina. Usenet
Usenet () is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers. It was developed from the general-purpose Unix-to-Unix Copy (UUCP) dial-up network architecture. Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis conceived the idea in 1979, and it was established in 1980. Users read and post messages (called articles or posts, and collectively termed news) to one or more categories, known as newsgroups. Usenet resembles a bulletin board system (BBS) in many respects and is the precursor to Internet forums that are widely used today. Discussions are threaded, as with web forums and BBSs, though posts are stored on the server sequentially. The name comes from the term "users network".A major difference between a BBS or web forum and Usenet is the absence of a central server and dedicated administrator. Usenet is distributed among a large, constantly changing conglomeration of servers that store and forward messages to one another in so-called news feeds. Individual users may read messages from and post messages to a local server operated by a commercial usenet provider, their Internet service provider, university, employer, or their own server.
Usenet is culturally significant in the networked world, having given rise to, or popularized, many widely recognized concepts and terms such as "FAQ", "flame", and "spam". Wonder Woman
Wonder Woman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character is a founding member of the Justice League. The character first appeared in All Star Comics #8 in October 1941 with her first feature in Sensation Comics #1, January 1942. The Wonder Woman title has been published by DC Comics almost continuously except for a brief hiatus in 1986. In her homeland, the island nation of Themyscira, her official title is Princess Diana of Themyscira, Daughter of Hippolyta. When blending into the society outside of her homeland, she adopts her civilian identity Diana Prince.Wonder Woman was created by the American psychologist and writer William Moulton Marston (pen name: Charles Moulton), and artist Harry G. Peter. Marston's wife, Elizabeth, and their life partner, Olive Byrne, are credited as being his inspiration for the character's appearance. Marston's comics featured his ideas on DISC theory, and the character drew a great deal of inspiration from early feminists, and especially from birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger; in particular, her piece "Woman and the New Race".
Wonder Woman's origin story relates that she was sculpted from clay by her mother Queen Hippolyta and was given a life to live as an Amazon, along with superhuman powers as gifts by the Greek gods. In recent years, DC changed her background with the revelation that she is the daughter of Zeus and Hippolyta, jointly raised by her mother and her aunts Antiope and Menalippe. The character has changed in depiction over the decades, including briefly losing her powers entirely in the 1970s; by the 1980s, artist George Perez gave her a muscular look and emphasized her Amazonian heritage. She possesses an arsenal of advanced technology, including the Lasso of Truth, a pair of indestructible bracelets, a tiara which serves as a projectile, and, in older stories, a range of devices based on Amazon technology.
Wonder Woman's character was created during World War II; the character in the story was initially depicted fighting Axis military forces as well as an assortment of colorful supervillains, although over time her stories came to place greater emphasis on characters, deities, and monsters from Greek mythology. Many stories depicted Wonder Woman rescuing herself from bondage, which defeated the "damsels in distress" trope that was common in comics during the 1940s. In the decades since her debut, Wonder Woman has gained a cast of enemies bent on eliminating the Amazon, including classic villains such as Ares, Cheetah, Doctor Poison, Circe, Doctor Psycho, and Giganta, along with more recent adversaries such as Veronica Cale and the First Born. Wonder Woman has also regularly appeared in comic books featuring the superhero teams Justice Society (from 1941) and Justice League (from 1960).The character is a well-known figure in popular culture that has been adapted to various media. June 3 is Wonder Woman Day. Wonder Woman is part of the DC Comics trinity of flagship characters alongside Batman and Superman.
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