December 12 is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 19 days remaining until the end of the year.
|December 12 in recent years
| 2018 (Wednesday)
| 2017 (Tuesday)
| 2016 (Monday)
| 2015 (Saturday)
| 2014 (Friday)
| 2013 (Thursday)
| 2012 (Wednesday)
| 2011 (Monday)
| 2010 (Sunday)
| 2009 (Saturday)
- 627 – Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
- 884 – King Carloman II dies after a hunting accident. He is succeeded by his cousin, emperor Charles the Fat, who for the last time reunites the Frankish Empire.
- 1098 – First Crusade: Siege of Ma'arrat al-Numan: Crusaders breach the town's walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they reportedly resort to cannibalism.
- 1388 – Mary of Enghien sells the lordship of Argos and Nauplia to the Republic of Venice.
- 1408 – The Order of the Dragon, a monarchical chivalric order, is created by Sigismund of Luxembourg, then king of Hungary.
- 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant: A British fleet led by HMS Victory defeats a French fleet.
- 1787 – Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, five days after Delaware became the first.
- 1862 – American Civil War: USS Cairo sinks on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by a controlled mine.
- 1866 – Oaks explosion: The worst mining disaster in England kills 361 miners and rescuers.
- 1870 – Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the second black U.S. congressman, the first being Hiram Revels.
- 1897 – Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
- 1901 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter "S" [***] in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.
- 1911 – Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
- 1911 – King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India.
- 1915 – President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai, announces his intention to reinstate the monarchy and proclaim himself Emperor of China.
- 1917 – In Nebraska, Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.
- 1918 – The Flag of Estonia is raised atop the Pikk Hermann for the first time.
- 1925 – The Majlis of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Iran, starting the Pahlavi dynasty.
- 1935 – Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
- 1936 – Xi'an Incident: The Generalissimo of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang.
- 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink U.S. gunboat USS Panay on the Yangtze river in China.
- 1939 – Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi: Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
- 1939 – HMS Duchess sinks after a collision with HMS Barham off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men.
- 1940 – World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield, as a result of a German air raid.
- 1941 – World War II: Fifty-four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesús Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; César Basa is killed.
- 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
- 1941 – Adolf Hitler declares the imminent extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery.
- 1942 – World War II: German troops begin Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad.
- 1946 – A fire at an ice plant in Hudson Heights, Manhattan spreads to an adjacent tenement, killing 37 people.
- 1946 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 13 relating to acceptance of Siam to United Nations is adopted.
- 1948 – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Fourteen members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaya allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
- 1950 – Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, leads the congregation in her first services.
- 1956 – Beginning of the Irish Republican Army's "Border Campaign".
- 1956 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 121 relating to acceptance of Japan to United Nations is adopted.
- 1963 – Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first President of the Republic of Kenya.
- 1969 – Years of Lead: Piazza Fontana bombing: The offices of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed.
- 1979 – Coup d'état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination of ex-President Park Chung-hee.
- 1979 – President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam.
- 1979 – The unrecognised state of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia returns to British control and resumes using the name Southern Rhodesia.
- 1979 – The 8.2 Mw Tumaco earthquake shakes Colombia and Ecuador with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 300–600, and generating a large tsunami.
- 1983 – The Australian Labor government led by Prime Minister Bob Hawke and Treasurer Paul Keating floats the Australian dollar.
- 1984 – Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya becomes the third president of Mauritania after a coup d'état against Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla while the latter is attending a summit.
- 1985 – Arrow Air Flight 1285, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing all 256 people on board, including 236 members of the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division.
- 1988 – The Clapham Junction rail crash kills thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains—one of the worst train crashes in the United Kingdom.
- 1991 – The Russian Federation withdraws from the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR.
- 2000 – The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore.
- 2001 – Prime Minister of Vietnam Phan Văn Khải announces the decision on upgrading the Phong Nha–Kẻ Bàng nature reserve to a national park, providing information on projects for the conservation and development of the park and revised maps.
- 2012 – North Korea successfully launches its first satellite, Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2, using an Unha-3 carrier rocket.
- 2015 – Paris Agreement relating to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is adopted.
- 1298 – Albert II, Duke of Austria (d. 1358)
- 1418 – Archduke Albert VI of Austria (d. 1463)
- 1526 – Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral (d. 1588)
- 1574 – Anne of Denmark (d. 1619)
- 1610 – Basil of Ostrog, Serbian monk and saint (d. 1671)
- 1685 – Lodovico Giustini, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1743)
- 1724 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, English admiral and politician (d. 1816)
- 1731 – Erasmus Darwin, English physician and poet (d. 1802)
- 1766 – Nikolay Karamzin, Russian poet and historian (d. 1826)
- 1779 – Madeleine Sophie Barat, French nun and saint, founded the Society of the Sacred Heart (d. 1865)
- 1786 – William L. Marcy, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 21st United States Secretary of State (d. 1857)
- 1792 – Alexander Ypsilantis, Greek-Russian general and politician, Military ruler of Moldavia (d. 1828)
- 1799 – Karl Bryullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
- 1805 – Henry Wells, American businessman, co-founded Wells Fargo and American Express (d. 1878)
- 1806 – Stand Watie, American general (d. 1871)
- 1812 – John Sandfield Macdonald, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Ontario (d. 1872)
- 1814 – Juan Prim, 1st Marquis of los Castillejos, Spanish general and politician, Prime Minister of Spain (d. 1870)
- 1821 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (d. 1880)
- 1830 – Joseph Orville Shelby, Confederate general (d. 1897)
- 1842 – Adolf Bötticher, German journalist and historian (d. 1901)
- 1845 – Bruce Price, American architect, designed the American Surety Building and Bank of the Metropolis (d. 1903)
- 1849 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, American businessman and horse breeder (d. 1920)
- 1856 – Henry Moret, French painter (d. 1913)
- 1862 – J. Bruce Ismay, English businessman (d. 1937)
- 1863 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and illustrator (d. 1944)
- 1864 – Paul Elmer More, American journalist, author, and critic (d. 1937)
- 1866 – Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
- 1870 – Walter Benona Sharp, American businessman, co-founded Hughes Tool Company (d. 1912)
- 1875 – Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal (d. 1953)
- 1876 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American hurdler and runner (d. 1928)
- 1881 – Harry Warner, Polish-American businessman, co-founded Warner Bros (d. 1958)
- 1882 – Ioannis Demestichas, Greek admiral and politician (d. 1960)
- 1883 – Edmond Hogan, Australian politician, 30th Premier of Victoria (d. 1964)
- 1884 – Zinaida Serebriakova, Ukrainian-French painter (d. 1967)
- 1887 – Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer and engineer (d. 1974)
- 1892 – Milko Kos, Slovenian historian and academic (d. 1972)
- 1893 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (d. 1973)
- 1900 – Sammy Davis, Sr., American actor and dancer (d. 1988)
- 1901 – Harald Kaarmann, Estonian footballer (d. 1942)
- 1903 – Yasujirō Ozu, Japanese director and screenwriter (d. 1963)
- 1904 – Nicolas de Gunzburg, French-American banker and journalist (d. 1981)
- 1905 – Manès Sperber, Austrian-French psychologist and author (d. 1984)
- 1905 – Vasily Grossman, Russian journalist and author (d. 1964)
- 1907 – Roy Douglas, English pianist and composer (d. 2015)
- 1908 – Gustav Ernesaks, Estonian composer and conductor (d. 1993)
- 1909 – Hans Keilson, German-Dutch psychologist, author, and poet (d. 2011)
- 1909 – Karen Morley, American actress and political activist (d. 2003)
- 1911 – Boun Oum, Laotian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Laos (d. 1980)
- 1912 – Henry Armstrong, American boxer (d. 1988)
- 1914 – Patrick O'Brian, English author and translator (d. 2000)
- 1915 – Frank Sinatra, American singer, actor, and producer (d. 1998)
- 1918 – Joe Williams, American singer and pianist (d. 1999)
- 1919 – Olivia Barclay, English astrologer and author (d. 2001)
- 1919 – Dan DeCarlo, American soldier and illustrator (d. 2001)
- 1920 – Josef Doležal, Czech race walker (d. 1999)
- 1920 – Fred Kida, American illustrator (d. 2014)
- 1922 – Christian Dotremont, Belgian painter and poet (d. 1979)
- 1923 – Bob Barker, American game show host and producer
- 1923 – Bob Dorough, American musician, composer, and producer (d. 2018)
- 1924 – Ed Koch, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 105th Mayor of New York City (d. 2013)
- 1925 – Ted Kennedy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2009)
- 1925 – Dattu Phadkar, Indian cricketer (d. 1985)
- 1925 – Vladimir Shainsky, Ukrainian-Russian pianist and composer (d. 2017)
- 1925 – Ahmad Shamloo, Iranian journalist and poet (d. 2000)
- 1927 – Robert Noyce, American inventor and businessman, co-founded the Intel Corporation (d. 1990)
- 1928 – Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani diplomat and author (d. 2008)
- 1928 – Lionel Blair, English actor
- 1928 – Helen Frankenthaler, American painter and academic (d. 2011)
- 1929 – Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese pianist and composer
- 1929 – John Osborne, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1994)
- 1930 – Silvio Santos, Brazilian television host and businessman, founded Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão
- 1931 – Baya, Algerian artist (d. 1998)
- 1932 – Bob Pettit, American basketball player and coach
- 1933 – Manu Dibango, Cameroonian saxophonist and vibraphone player
- 1933 – Christa Stubnick, German sprinter
- 1934 – Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican lawyer and politician, 52nd President of Mexico (d. 2012)
- 1935 – John Wise, Canadian farmer and politician, 23rd Minister of Agriculture (d. 2013)
- 1936 – Iolanda Balaș, Romanian high jumper and educator (d. 2016)
- 1936 – Denise Coffey, English actress and director
- 1937 – Michael Jeffery, Australian general and politician, 24th Governor-General of Australia
- 1937 – Philip Ledger, English pianist, composer, and academic (d. 2012)
- 1937 – Buford Pusser, American police officer (d. 1974)
- 1938 – Connie Francis, American singer and actress
- 1939 – Terry Kirkman, American singer-songwriter and musician
- 1940 – Sharad Pawar, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Agriculture
- 1940 – Dionne Warwick, American singer and television personality
- 1942 – Morris Sadek, Egyptian-American lawyer and activist
- 1942 – Brough Scott, English jockey and journalist
- 1943 – Vassilis Alexakis, Greek-French author and translator
- 1943 – Dickey Betts, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1943 – Sadeq Tabatabaei, Iranian journalist and politician (d. 2015)
- 1943 – Grover Washington, Jr., American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer (d. 1999)
- 1944 – Jean Doré, Canadian lawyer and politician, 39th Mayor of Montreal (d. 2015)
- 1944 – Cara Duff-MacCormick, Canadian actress
- 1944 – Rob Tyner, American singer-songwriter and bass player (d. 1991)
- 1945 – Portia Simpson-Miller, Jamaican politician, 7th Prime Minister of Jamaica
- 1945 – Tony Williams, American drummer, composer, and producer (d. 1997)
- 1946 – Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian race car driver
- 1947 – Will Alsop, English architect and academic
- 1947 – Wings Hauser, American actor, director, and screenwriter
- 1947 – Chris Mullin, English journalist and politician
- 1948 – Colin Todd, English football player and coach
- 1949 – Gopinath Munde, Indian lawyer and politician, 3rd Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 2014)
- 1949 – Bill Nighy, English actor
- 1949 – Marc Ravalomanana, Malagasy businessman and politician, President of Madagascar
- 1950 – Pedro Ferriz de Con, Mexican journalist
- 1950 – Heiner Flassbeck, German economist and academic
- 1950 – Gorman Thomas, American baseball player
- 1950 – Rajinikanth, Indian actor
- 1950 – Billy Smith, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager
- 1951 – Rehman Malik, Pakistani politician, Pakistani Minister of Interior
- 1952 – Herb Dhaliwal, Indian-Canadian businessman and politician, 3rd Canadian Minister of Natural Resources
- 1952 – Sarah Douglas, English actress
- 1952 – Cathy Rigby, American gymnast
- 1953 – Martin Ferguson, Australian lawyer and politician
- 1953 – Bruce Kulick, American guitarist and songwriter
- 1953 – Rafael Septién, Mexican-American football player
- 1955 – Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek businesswoman
- 1955 – Eddy Schepers, Belgian cyclist
- 1955 – Stephen Smith, Australian lawyer and politician, 53rd Australian Minister of Defence
- 1956 – Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist
- 1957 – Sheila E., American singer-songwriter, drummer, and actress
- 1958 – Alexander Crutchfield, American businessman, financier and investor
- 1959 – Jasper Conran, English fashion designer
- 1960 – Martina Hellmann, German discus thrower
- 1961 – Andrey Perlov, Russian race walker
- 1962 – Tracy Austin, American tennis player and sportscaster
- 1962 – Arturo Barrios, Mexican-American runner
- 1962 – Peter Bergen, American-English journalist and author
- 1962 – Mike Golic, American football player and radio host
- 1962 – Ulrike Tillmann, German mathematician and academic
- 1963 – Eduardo Castro Luque, Mexican businessman and politician (d. 2012)
- 1964 – Reeta Chakrabarti, English journalist
- 1964 – Haywood Jeffires, American football player and coach
- 1965 – Will Carling, English rugby player
- 1966 – Royce Gracie, Brazilian-American mixed martial artist and actor
- 1966 – Ian Paisley, Jr., Northern Irish politician
- 1967 – Yuzo Koshiro, Japanese composer and producer
- 1967 – John Randle, American football player
- 1968 – Rory Kennedy, American director and producer
- 1968 – Sašo Udovič, Slovenian footballer
- 1968 – Laurie Williams, Jamaican cricketer (d. 2002)
- 1969 – Sophie Kinsella, English author and educator
- 1969 – Wilfred Kirochi, Kenyan runner
- 1969 – Fiona May, English-Italian long jumper
- 1969 – Michael Möllenbeck, German discus thrower
- 1970 – Tahir Bilgic, Turkish-Australian comedian and actor
- 1970 – Jennifer Connelly, American actress
- 1970 – Regina Hall, American actress
- 1971 – Sammy Korir, Kenyan runner
- 1972 – Nicky Eaden, English footballer and coach
- 1972 – Craig Field, Australian rugby league player
- 1972 – Wilson Kipketer, Kenyan-Danish runner
- 1972 – Georgios Theodoridis, Greek sprinter
- 1972 – Hank Williams III, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1973 – Tony Hsieh, American businessman, founded LinkExchange
- 1974 – Bernard Lagat, Kenyan-American runner
- 1974 – Nolberto Solano, Peruvian footballer and manager
- 1975 – Mayim Bialik, American actress
- 1975 – Craig Moore, Australian footballer and manager
- 1976 – Dan Hawkins, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- 1976 – Brent Johnson, Canadian football player
- 1977 – Yoel Hernández, Cuban hurdler
- 1977 – Dean Macey, English decathlete and bobsledder
- 1977 – Colin White, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1978 – Gbenga Akinnagbe, American actor and screenwriter
- 1978 – Shin Seung-hwan, South Korean actor
- 1979 – Nate Clements, American football player
- 1979 – John Salmons, American basketball player
- 1980 – Dejene Berhanu, Ethiopian runner (d. 2010)
- 1980 – Dorin Goian, Romanian footballer
- 1980 – Berkant Göktan, Turkish-German footballer
- 1981 – Jeret Peterson, American skier (d. 2011)
- 1981 – Pedro Ríos, Spanish footballer
- 1981 – Yuvraj Singh, Indian cricketer
- 1981 – Stephen Warnock, English footballer
- 1982 – Dmitry Tursunov, Russian tennis player
- 1984 – Daniel Agger, Danish footballer
- 1985 – Pat Calathes, Greek-American basketball player
- 1985 – Giannis Zaradoukas, Greek footballer
- 1986 – Daddy Birori, Rwandan footballer
- 1986 – Përparim Hetemaj, Finnish footballer
- 1986 – Nina Kolarič, Slovenian long jumper
- 1986 – T. J. Ward, American football player
- 1987 – Marte Eberson, Norwegian keyboard player and composer
- 1988 – Isaac John, New Zealand rugby league player
- 1988 – Tony Williams, Australian-Tongan rugby league player
- 1990 – Nixon Chepseba, Kenyan runner
- 1990 – Victor Moses, Nigerian footballer
- 1990 – Seungri, South Korean singer-songwriter
- 1991 – Joseph Leilua, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
- 1993 – Zeli Ismail, English footballer
- 1994 – Otto Warmbier, American student imprisoned in North Korea (d. 2017)
- 884 – Carloman II, Frankish king (b. 866)
- 894 – Guy III, king of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor
- 948 – Li Song, Chinese official and chancellor
- 1143 – Kogyo-Daishi, restorer of Shingon Buddhism in Japan (b. 1095)
- 1204 – Maimonides, Egyptian religious scholar, philosopher and physician (b. 1135)
- 1212 – Geoffrey, English archbishop and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1152)
- 1475 – Joan of Portugal, Queen of Castile (b. 1439)
- 1476 – Frederick I, Elector Palatine (b. 1425)
- 1569 – Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1507)
- 1574 – Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1524)
- 1586 – Stephen Báthory, Polish king (b. 1533)
- 1685 – John Pell, English mathematician and linguist (b. 1610)
- 1751 – Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English philosopher and politician, Secretary at War (b. 1678)
- 1758 – Françoise de Graffigny, French lettrist (b. 1695)
- 1766 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1700)
- 1782 – Charles Gray, English lawyer and politician (b. 1696)
- 1789 – John Ponsonby, Irish lawyer and politician (b. 1713)
- 1790 – Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian historian and philosopher (b. 1733)
- 1794 – Meshullam Feivush Heller, Ukrainian author (b. 1742)
- 1803 – Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden (b. 1750)
- 1817 – Tekle Giyorgis I, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1751)
- 1843 – William I of the Netherlands (b. 1772)
- 1858 – Jacques Viger, Canadian archeologist and politician, 1st Mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)
- 1889 – Robert Browning, English poet and playwright (b. 1812)
- 1889 – Viktor Bunyakovsky, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1804)
- 1894 – John Sparrow David Thompson, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1845)
- 1913 – Menelik II, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1844)
- 1921 – Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer and academic (b. 1868)
- 1923 – Raymond Radiguet, French author and poet (b. 1903)
- 1924 – Alexander Parvus, Russian-German theorist and politician (b. 1867)
- 1926 – Jean Richepin, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1849)
- 1934 – Thorleif Haug, Norwegian skier (b. 1894)
- 1939 – Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
- 1941 – César Basa, Filipino lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)
- 1951 – Mildred Bailey, American singer (b. 1907)
- 1952 – Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
- 1958 – Albert Walsh, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1900)
- 1963 – Yasujirō Ozu, Japanese director and screenwriter (b. 1903)
- 1964 – Maithili Sharan Gupt, Indian poet and playwright (b. 1866)
- 1964 – William Rootes, 1st Baron Rootes, English businessman, founded Rootes Group (b. 1894)
- 1966 – Karl Ruberl, Austrian-American swimmer (b. 1880)
- 1968 – Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (b. 1902)
- 1970 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
- 1970 – George Terwilliger, American director and screenwriter (b. 1882)
- 1971 – Yechezkel Kutscher, Israeli philologist and linguist (b. 1909)
- 1971 – David Sarnoff, Belarusian-American businessman (b. 1891)
- 1975 – Richard Baggallay, English colonel and cricketer (b. 1884)
- 1976 – Jack Cassidy, American actor (b. 1927)
- 1978 – Fay Compton, English actress (b. 1894)
- 1980 – Jean Lesage, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Premier of Quebec (b. 1912)
- 1985 – Anne Baxter, American actress (b. 1923)
- 1985 – Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboard player and manager (b. 1938)
- 1986 – Paul Verner, German politician (b. 1911)
- 1987 – Enrique Jorrín, Cuban violinist and composer (b. 1926)
- 1992 – Suzanne Lilar, Belgian author and playwright (b. 1901)
- 1993 – József Antall, Hungarian historian and politician, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1932)
- 1994 – Stuart Roosa, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1933)
- 1994 – Donna J. Stone, American poet and philanthropist (b. 1933)
- 1996 – Vance Packard, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1914)
- 1997 – Evgenii Landis, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1921)
- 1998 – Lawton Chiles, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 41st Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
- 1998 – Marco Denevi, Argentinian author and screenwriter (b. 1922)
- 1998 – Mo Udall, American captain and politician (b. 1922)
- 1999 – Paul Cadmus, American painter and illustrator (b. 1904)
- 1999 – Joseph Heller, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright(b. 1923)
- 2000 – George Montgomery, American actor, stuntman, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1916)
- 2000 – Ndabaningi Sithole, Zimbabwean militant leader, founded Zimbabwe African National Union (b. 1920)
- 2001 – Ardito Desio, Italian geologist and explorer (b. 1897)
- 2002 – Dee Brown, American historian and author (b. 1908)
- 2003 – Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijani general and politician, 3rd President of Azerbaijan (b. 1923)
- 2003 – Gangodawila Soma Thero, Sri Lankan monk and educator (b. 1948)
- 2005 – Robert Newmyer, American actor and producer (b. 1956)
- 2005 – Ramanand Sagar, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
- 2005 – Annette Stroyberg, Danish actress (b. 1936)
- 2005 – Gebran Tueni, Lebanese journalist and politician (b. 1957)
- 2006 – Paul Arizin, American basketball player (b. 1928)
- 2006 – Peter Boyle, American actor (b. 1935)
- 2006 – Kenny Davern, American clarinet player and saxophonist (b. 1935)
- 2006 – Raymond P. Shafer, American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1917)
- 2006 – Alan Shugart, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Seagate Technology (b. 1930)
- 2007 – François al-Hajj, Lebanese general (b. 1953)
- 2007 – Ike Turner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1931)
- 2008 – Avery Dulles, American cardinal and theologian (b. 1918)
- 2008 – Van Johnson, American actor (b. 1916)
- 2008 – Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot lawyer and politician, 5th President of Cyprus (b. 1934)
- 2010 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver, founded Tom Walkinshaw Racing (b. 1946)
- 2012 – Joe Allbritton, American banker, publisher, and philanthropist, founded the Allbritton Communications Company (b. 1924)
- 2012 – Nityanand Swami, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Uttarakhand (b. 1927)
- 2012 – David Tait, English rugby player (b. 1987)
- 2013 – Tom Laughlin, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1931)
- 2013 – Abdul Quader Molla, Bangladeshi journalist and politician (b. 1948)
- 2013 – Leo Sachs, German-Israeli biologist and academic (b. 1924)
- 2013 – Jang Sung-taek, North Korean general and politician (b. 1946)
- 2013 – Audrey Totter, American actress (b. 1917)
- 2014 – Norman Bridwell, American author and illustrator, created Clifford the Big Red Dog (b. 1928)
- 2014 – Ivor Grattan-Guinness, English mathematician, historian, and academic (b. 1941)
- 2014 – Herb Plews, American baseball player (b. 1928)
- 2014 – Yury Shutov, Russian politician (b. 1946)
- 2015 – Luis Bermejo, Spanish illustrator (b. 1931)
- 2015 – Frans Geurtsen, Dutch footballer (b. 1942)
- 2015 – Sharad Anantrao Joshi, Indian farmer and politician (b. 1935)
- 2015 – Evelyn S. Lieberman, American politician, White House Deputy Chief of Staff (b. 1944)
- 2016 – Shirley Hazzard, Australian-American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1931)
- 2017 – Ed Lee, American politician and attorney, 43rd Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1952)
- 2017 – Pat DiNizio, American singer and songwriter (b. 1955)
Holidays and observances
- ^ "Baya, VIAF".
External links American Media, Inc.
American Media, Inc. (AMI), is an American publisher of magazines, supermarket tabloids, and books based in New York City. Originally affiliated with only the National Enquirer, the media company's holdings expanded considerably in the 1990s and 2000s. In November 2010, American Media filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection due to debts of nearly $1 billion, but has continued to buy and sell magazine brands since then.
AMI has been in the news affiliated with accusations of catch and kill operations. On December 12, 2018, the U.S. Attorney's Office reported that AMI admitted to paying $150,000 to Karen McDougal in concert with a candidate's presidential campaign for the sole purpose of preventing damaging allegations prior to the 2016 US Presidential election.According to its September 2018 non-prosecution agreement with Southern District of New York federal prosecutors, AMI "shall commit no crimes whatsoever" for three years, otherwise "A.M.I. shall thereafter be subject to prosecution for any federal criminal violation of which this office has knowledge." Bob Barker
Robert William Barker (born December 12, 1923) is a retired American television game show host. He is known for hosting CBS's The Price Is Right from 1972 to 2007, making it the longest-running daytime game show in North American television history. He is also known for hosting Truth or Consequences from 1956 to 1974.
Born in Darrington, Washington, to modest circumstances, Barker enlisted in the United States Navy during World War II. He worked part-time in radio while he attended college. In 1950, he moved to California in order to pursue a career in broadcasting. He was given his own radio show, The Bob Barker Show, which ran for the next six years. Barker began his game show career in 1956, hosting Truth or Consequences. From there, he hosted various game shows, as well as the Miss Universe and Miss USA pageants from 1967 to 1987, giving him the distinction of being the longest-serving host of these pageants. Eventually, he began hosting The Price Is Right in 1972. When his wife Dorothy Jo died, he became an advocate for animal rights and of animal-rights activism, supporting groups such as the United Activists for Animal Rights and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. In 2007, he retired from hosting The Price Is Right after celebrating his 50-year career on television. Clint Eastwood
Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and political figure. After achieving success in the Western TV series Rawhide, he rose to international fame with his role as the Man with No Name in Italian filmmaker Sergio Leone's Dollars Trilogy of spaghetti Westerns during the 1960s, and as antihero cop Harry Callahan in the five Dirty Harry films throughout the 1970s and 1980s. These roles, among others, have made Eastwood an enduring cultural icon of masculinity.For his work in the Western film Unforgiven (1992) and the sports drama Million Dollar Baby (2004), Eastwood won Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture, as well as receiving nominations for Best Actor. Eastwood's greatest commercial successes have been the adventure comedy Every Which Way But Loose (1978) and its sequel, the action comedy Any Which Way You Can (1980), after adjustment for inflation. Other popular films include the Western Hang 'Em High (1968), the psychological thriller Play Misty for Me (1971), the crime film Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974), the Western The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976), the prison film Escape from Alcatraz (1979), the action film Firefox (1982), the suspense thriller Tightrope (1984), the Western Pale Rider (1985), the war films Where Eagles Dare (1968), Kelly's Heroes (1970), and Heartbreak Ridge (1986), the action thriller In the Line of Fire (1993), the romantic drama The Bridges of Madison County (1995), and the drama Gran Torino (2008).
In addition to directing many of his own star vehicles, Eastwood has also directed films in which he did not appear, such as the mystery drama Mystic River (2003) and the war film Letters from Iwo Jima (2006), for which he received Academy Award nominations, the drama Changeling (2008), and the South African biographical political sports drama Invictus (2009). The war drama biopic American Sniper (2014) set box-office records for the largest January release ever and was also the largest opening ever for an Eastwood film.
Eastwood received considerable critical praise in France for several films, including some that were not well received in the United States. Eastwood has been awarded two of France's highest honors: in 1994 he became a recipient of the Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, and in 2007 he was awarded the Legion of Honour medal. In 2000, Eastwood was awarded the Italian Venice Film Festival Golden Lion for lifetime achievement.
Since 1967, Eastwood's Malpaso Productions has produced all but four of his American films.
Elected in 1986, Eastwood served for two years as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, a non-partisan office. DuckDuckGo
DuckDuckGo (DDG) is an Internet search engine that emphasizes protecting searchers' privacy and avoiding the filter bubble of personalized search results. DuckDuckGo distinguishes itself from other search engines by not profiling its users and by showing all users the same search results for a given search term, and emphasizes returning the best results, rather than the most results, generating those results from over 400 individual sources, including crowdsourced sites such as Wikipedia, and other search engines like Bing, Yahoo!, and Yandex. In January 2019, it had 34,372,352
daily direct searches on average.The company is based in Paoli, Pennsylvania, in Greater Philadelphia, and has 55 employees. The company name is a reference to the children's game duck, duck, goose.Some of DuckDuckGo's source code is free software hosted at GitHub under the Apache 2.0 License, but the core is proprietary. The company registered the domain names ddg.gg on February 22, 2011, ddg.co on September 20, 2013, and acquired duck.com on December 12, 2018, which are used as shortened URL aliases that redirect to duckduckgo.com. ITunes Store
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. that opened on April 28, 2003, as a result of Steve Jobs' push to open a digital marketplace for music. As of January 2017, iTunes offered over 35-40 million songs, 2.2 million apps, 25,000 TV shows, and 65,000 films. When it opened, it was the only legal digital catalog of music to offer songs from all five major record labels. As of June 2013, iTunes Store possessed 575 million active user accounts, and served over 315 million mobile devices, including Apple Watches, iPods, iPhones, Apple TV and iPads. Lady Gaga
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta (born March 28, 1986), known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. She is known for her unconventionality and provocative work, as well as visual experimentation. Gaga began performing as a teenager, singing at open mic nights and acting in school plays. She studied at Collaborative Arts Project 21, through New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, before dropping out to pursue a music career. After Def Jam Recordings canceled her contract, Gaga worked as a songwriter for Sony/ATV Music Publishing, where Akon helped her sign a joint deal with Interscope Records and his own label KonLive Distribution in 2007. She rose to prominence the following year with her debut album, the electropop record The Fame, and its chart-topping singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face". A follow-up EP, The Fame Monster (2009), featuring the singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone", and "Alejandro", also proved successful.
Gaga's second full-length album Born This Way (2011) explored electronic rock and techno-pop. The album peaked atop the US Billboard 200 and sold more than one million copies in the country during its first week. Its title track became the fastest selling song on the iTunes Store with over a million downloads in less than a week. Gaga experimented with EDM on her third studio album Artpop (2013), which reached number one in the US and included the single "Applause". Her collaborative jazz album with Tony Bennett, titled Cheek to Cheek (2014), and her soft rock-influenced fifth studio album, Joanne (2016), also topped the US charts. During this period, Gaga ventured into acting, playing leading roles in the miniseries American Horror Story: Hotel (2015–2016), for which she received a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, and the critically acclaimed musical romantic drama A Star Is Born (2018), for which she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She also contributed to the latter's soundtrack, which made her the only woman to achieve five US number one albums in the 2010s. Its lead single, "Shallow", earned Gaga a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.
Having sold 27 million albums and 146 million singles as of January 2016, Gaga is one of the best-selling music artists in history. Her achievements include several Guinness World Records, nine Grammys, a BAFTA Award, three Brit Awards, and an award from the Songwriters Hall of Fame and the Council of Fashion Designers of America. Gaga has been declared Billboard's Artist of the Year and included among Forbes's power and earnings rankings. She was ranked at number four on VH1's Greatest Women in Music in 2012, finished second on Time's 2011 readers' poll of the most influential people of the past ten years, and was named Billboard's Woman of the Year in 2015. She is known for her philanthropy and social activism, including LGBT rights, and for her non-profit organization, the Born This Way Foundation, which focuses on promoting youth empowerment and combating bullying. List of Park Roads in Texas
Park Roads represent a subset a subset of public roads designated and maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT). Park Roads are intended to provide access to and connection within Texas state parks. The system of Park Roads was established in 1937 at the request of the state parks board to establish maintenance of eight roads within the state's parks. The network of Park Roads has grown incrementally over the years along with the growth of parks now under the authority of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Park Roads are marked with distinctive signage distinguishing them from other state-maintained highways. Los Angeles Rams
The Los Angeles Rams are a professional American football team based in Los Angeles , California, and compete in the National Football League's NFC West division. The franchise won three NFL championships, and is the only one to win championships representing three different cities (Cleveland in 1945, Los Angeles in 1951, and St. Louis in 1999). The Rams play their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
The franchise began in 1936 as the Cleveland Rams in Cleveland, Ohio. The club was owned by Homer Marshman and featured players such as William "Bud" Cooper, Harry "The Horse" Mattos, Stan Pincura, and Mike Sebastian. Damon "Buzz" Wetzel joined as general manager.The franchise moved to Los Angeles in 1946 following the 1945 NFL Championship Game victory, making way for Paul Brown's Cleveland Browns of the All-America Football Conference and becoming the only NFL championship team to play the following season in another city. The club played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving into a reconstructed Anaheim Stadium in Orange County, California in 1980.
The Rams left California and moved to St. Louis, Missouri following the 1994 NFL season. Five seasons after relocating, the team won Super Bowl XXXIV in a 23–16 victory over the Tennessee Titans. They then appeared in Super Bowl XXXVI, where they lost 20–17 to the New England Patriots. The Rams played in St. Louis until the end of the 2015 NFL season, when they filed notice with the NFL of their intent to relocate back to Los Angeles. The move was agreed at an owners' meeting in January 2016, and the Rams returned to the city for the 2016 NFL season.
The Rams appeared in Super Bowl LIII where they lost to the New England Patriots. Off-Broadway
An Off-Broadway theatre is any professional venue in Manhattan in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499, inclusive. These theatres are smaller than Broadway theatres, but larger than Off-Off-Broadway theatres, which seat fewer than 100.
An "Off-Broadway production" is a production of a play, musical, or revue that appears in such a venue and adheres to related trade union and other contracts. Shows that premiere Off-Broadway are sometimes subsequently produced on Broadway. PepsiCo
PepsiCo, Inc. is an American multinational food, snack, and beverage corporation headquartered in Harrison, New York, in the hamlet of Purchase. PepsiCo has interests in the manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of grain-based snack foods, beverages, and other products. PepsiCo was formed in 1965 with the merger of the Pepsi-Cola Company and Frito-Lay, Inc. PepsiCo has since expanded from its namesake product Pepsi to a broader range of food and beverage brands, the largest of which included an acquisition of Tropicana Products in 1998 and the Quaker Oats Company in 2001, which added the Gatorade brand to its portfolio.
As of January 26, 2012, 22 of PepsiCo's brands generated retail sales of more than $1 billion apiece, and the company's products were distributed across more than 200 countries, resulting in annual net revenues of $43.3 billion. Based on net revenue, PepsiCo is the second largest food and beverage business in the world. Within North America, PepsiCo is the largest food and beverage business by net revenue. Ramon Laguarta has been the chief executive of PepsiCo since 2018. The company's beverage distribution and bottling is conducted by PepsiCo as well as by licensed bottlers in certain regions. Public Enemy (band)
Public Enemy is an American hip hop group consisting of Chuck D, Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, Khari Wynn, DJ Lord, Sammy Sam, and the S1W group. Formed in Long Island, New York, in 1986, they are known for their politically charged music and criticism of the American media, with an active interest in the frustrations and concerns of the African American community.
Their first four albums during the late 1980s and early 1990s were all certified either gold or platinum and were, according to music critic Robert Hilburn in 1998, "the most acclaimed body of work ever by a hip hop act". Critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine called them "the most influential and radical band of their time." They were inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2013. Reese Witherspoon
Laura Jeanne Reese Witherspoon (born March 22, 1976) is an American actress, producer, and entrepreneur. She is the recipient of several accolades, including an Academy Award, a Primetime Emmy Award, a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, two Golden Globe Awards and two Critics' Choice Awards.
Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, and raised in Tennessee, she began her career as a teenager, making her professional screen debut in The Man in the Moon (1991), for which she was nominated for a Young Artist Award. Following roles in Desperate Choices: To Save My Child (1992), Jack the Bear (1993), Freeway (1996), and Pleasantville (1998), Witherspoon's breakthrough came with her portrayal of Tracy Flick in the black comedy Election (1999), for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award.
She achieved international recognition with her role as Elle Woods in the comedy Legally Blonde (2001), for which she received her second Golden Globe nomination. The following year, she starred in the romantic comedy Sweet Home Alabama, which emerged as her biggest live-action commercial success. In 2005, her portrayal of June Carter Cash in the biographical musical film Walk the Line, received critical acclaim and won her the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her other films include Legally Blonde 2: Red, White & Blonde (2003), Monsters vs. Aliens (2009), Water for Elephants (2011), and Sing (2016). In 2014, Witherspoon produced the thriller Gone Girl and received praise for her portrayal of Cheryl Strayed in the drama Wild, which earned her a second nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. In 2017, she co-produced and starred in the HBO drama series Big Little Lies, for which she received two Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie and Outstanding Limited Series, winning the latter as a producer.
Witherspoon owns a production company Hello Sunshine, a clothing company Draper James, and she is actively involved in children's and women's advocacy organizations. She serves on the board of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) and was named Global Ambassador of Avon Products in 2007, serving as honorary chair of the charitable Avon Foundation. She received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2010. South Park (season 22)
The twenty-second season of South Park, an American animated sitcom created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, premiered on Comedy Central on September 26, 2018, and concluded on December 12, 2018; after 10 episodes aired. This season once again had planned "dark weeks" (weeks during which no new episodes would air) after episode four and episode seven.
On September 13, 2018, the series began teasing a set of commercials about a mock cancellation by Comedy Central by using the hashtag #cancelsouthpark. Similar to the previous season, the season features continuing elements and recurring storylines without adhering to a linear story arc; while lampooning several phenomena such as school shootings in the United States, modern political correctness, climate change denial, and the working conditions and monopolistic tactics of Amazon, several characters in the show also express disdain and exasperation with South Park's constant attraction to controversy and surreal occurrences. Spartanburg, South Carolina
Spartanburg is the most populous city in and the seat of Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States, and the 12th-largest city by population in the state. The city of Spartanburg has a municipal population of 37,013, and Spartanburg County has an urban population of 180,786 as of the 2010 census. The Spartanburg Metropolitan Statistical Area, including Spartanburg and Union counties, had a population of 317,057 as of the 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.Spartanburg is the second-largest city in the greater Greenville–Spartanburg–Anderson Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,385,045 as of 2014. It is part of a 10-county region of northwestern South Carolina known as "The Upstate," and is located 98 miles (158 km) northwest of Columbia, 80 miles (130 km) west of Charlotte, North Carolina, and about 190 miles (310 km) northeast of Atlanta, Georgia.
Spartanburg is a major city in South Carolina. It is the home of Wofford College and the site of headquarters for Denny's. Spartanburg is also home of the BMW Spartanburg factory. The Punisher (season 2)
The second season of the American web television series The Punisher, which is based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, revolves around Frank Castle saving a girl from being murdered, forcing him to decide if he should embrace his life as the Punisher. It is set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), sharing continuity with the films and other television series of the franchise. The season is produced by Marvel Television in association with ABC Studios and Bohemian Risk Productions, with Steven Lightfoot serving as showrunner.
Jon Bernthal stars as Frank Castle, with principal cast members Ben Barnes, Amber Rose Revah, and Jason R. Moore returning from the first season. They are joined by Josh Stewart, Floriana Lima, and Giorgia Whigham. Former series regular Deborah Ann Woll returns in a guest capacity. A second season of The Punisher was ordered in December 2017, a month after the first season was released. The new cast members were added in February 2018. Filming began in New York City the next month and wrapped in August.
The 13-episode season was released on January 18, 2019. UFC 233
UFC 233 was a planned mixed martial arts event that was re-scheduled to be held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on January 26, 2019 at Honda Center in Anaheim, California, United States. On December 12, 2018, the promotion announced that the event had been "postponed" and would be rescheduled for a later date. Usher (musician)
Usher Raymond IV (born October 14, 1978) is an American singer, songwriter and dancer. He was born in Dallas, Texas, but raised in Chattanooga, Tennessee until moving to Atlanta, Georgia. At the age of 12, his mother put him in local singing competitions, before catching the attention of a music A&R from LaFace Records. He released his self-titled debut album, Usher (1994) but rose to fame in the late 1990s with the release of his second album My Way (1997). It spawned his first U.S. Billboard Hot 100 number-one single, "Nice & Slow", among top-two singles "You Make Me Wanna..." and "My Way". 8701 (2001) produced the number-one singles "U Remind Me" and "U Got It Bad", as well as top-three single "U Don't Have to Call". It sold eight million copies worldwide and won his first two Grammy Awards as Best Male R&B Vocal Performance in 2002 and 2003.
Confessions (2004) established him as one of the best-selling musical artists of the 2000s decade, selling 20 million copies worldwide. Bolstered by its four consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number one singles—"Yeah!", "Burn", "Confessions Part II" and "My Boo"—it has been certified Diamond by the RIAA. Here I Stand (2008) and Raymond v. Raymond (2010) both debuted atop of the Billboard 200 chart and produced the number-one singles "Love in This Club" and "OMG". The EP, Versus, produced the top-five single "DJ Got Us Fallin' in Love", before the release of top-fifteen single "More". Looking 4 Myself (2012) also debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart, and produced the top-ten single "Scream". R&B ballads "There Goes My Baby" and "Climax" received Grammy Awards in 2011 and 2013. "I Don't Mind" also reached the top-fifteen in 2014, while Hard II Love (2016) peaked at five on the Billboard 200 chart.
Usher has sold 23.8 million albums and 38.2 million digital songs in the United States. Internationally, he has sold 75 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. Usher has won numerous awards and accolades including eight Grammy Awards and 18 Billboard Music Awards. At the end of 2009, Billboard named him the second most successful artist of the 2000s decade, the number-one Hot 100 artist of the 2000s decade, and ranked Confessions as the top solo album of the 2000s decade. Billboard also placed him at number 6 on their list of Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years. Usher has attained nine US Hot 100 number-one singles. Considered an icon and sex symbol, he has had TV and film appearances and seen inductions into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame and Hollywood Walk of Fame. He owns the record label Raymond-Braun Media Group (RBMG), a joint venture with talent manager Scooter Braun that includes Canadian singer Justin Bieber. Zac Efron
Zachary David Alexander Efron (; born October 18, 1987) is an American actor. He began acting professionally in the early 2000s, and rose to prominence in the late 2000s for his leading role as Troy Bolton in the High School Musical franchise (2006–2008). During this time, he also starred in the musical film Hairspray (2007) and the comedy film 17 Again (2009). He has since appeared in the films New Year's Eve (2011), The Lucky One (2012), The Paperboy (2012), Neighbors (2014), Dirty Grandpa (2016), Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising (2016), Baywatch (2017), The Greatest Showman (2017) and Extremely Wicked, Shockingly Evil, and Vile (2019).
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