Deborah Wasserman Schultz (/ˈwɒsərmən ˈʃʌlts/; born September 27, 1966) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Florida's 23rd congressional district, first elected to Congress in 2004. A Democrat, she is the immediate past Chair of the Democratic National Committee.
Wasserman Schultz had served in the Florida House of Representatives and the Florida Senate and was a national campaign co-chair for Hillary Clinton's 2008 run for president. She is the first Jewish representative elected from Florida. Her district covered much of southern Broward County, including a large portion of Fort Lauderdale. It also covers much of northern Miami-Dade County.
Wasserman Schultz was elected chair of the Democratic National Committee in May 2011, replacing Tim Kaine. On July 28, 2016, Wasserman Schultz resigned from her position after WikiLeaks released a collection of stolen emails indicating that Wasserman Schultz and other members of the DNC staff had made statements suggesting bias against Senator Bernie Sanders and in favor of Hillary Clinton in the 2016 Democratic primaries. She was subsequently appointed honorary chair of the Clinton campaign's "50 state program".
Debbie Wasserman Schultz
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Florida's 23rd district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2005
|Preceded by||Peter Deutsch|
|Chair of the Democratic National Committee|
May 4, 2011 – July 28, 2016
|Preceded by||Tim Kaine|
|Succeeded by||Donna Brazile|
|Member of the Florida Senate|
from the 34th district
November 7, 2000 – November 2, 2004
|Preceded by||Howard Forman|
|Succeeded by||Nan Rich|
|Member of the Florida House of Representatives|
from the 97th district
November 3, 1992 – November 7, 2000
|Succeeded by||Nan Rich|
September 27, 1966
New York City, New York, U.S.
Steve Schultz (m. 1991)
|Education||University of Florida (BA, MA)|
Born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York, she is the daughter of Ann and Larry Wasserman. Her father is a Certified Public Accountant, and her brother Steven Wasserman is Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia.
From 1968 to 1978, the family lived in Lido Beach on Long Island. In 1978, her family moved to Melville, also on Long Island, where she graduated from Half Hollow Hills High School East in 1984. She received a Bachelor of Arts in 1988 and a Master of Arts with a certificate in political campaigning in 1990, both in Political Science, from the University of Florida in Gainesville.
At the University of Florida, Wasserman Schultz was active in student government, serving as president of the Student Senate and the founder and president of the Rawlings Area Council Government. She was also a member of the Omicron Delta Kappa honor society, the James C. Grimm chapter of the National Residence Hall Honorary, and the union Graduate Assistants United. She served as president of the Graduate Student Council and vice president of the UF College Democrats. She has credited her experience in student politics with developing her "love for politics and the political process."
Wasserman Schultz lives in Weston, near Fort Lauderdale. She is a mother of three and is married to Steve Schultz. She is an active member of the National Jewish Democratic Council, Planned Parenthood, and Hadassah.
In March 2009, she revealed that she had undergone seven surgeries related to breast cancer in 2008, while maintaining her responsibilities as a member of the House. That year, she promoted efforts for early screening for breast cancer.
In 1988, Wasserman Schultz became an aide to Peter Deutsch at the beginning of his state legislative career. In 1992, Deutsch made a successful run for United States House of Representatives for Florida's 20th District and suggested to Wasserman Schultz to make a run for his seat in the Florida House of Representatives. Wasserman Schultz won 53 percent of the vote in a six-way Democratic primary and avoided a runoff. She went on to win the general election. At age 26, she became the youngest female legislator in the state's history.
She served in the Florida State House of Representatives for eight years, and had to leave office due to state term limits. She became an adjunct instructor of political science at Broward Community College, as well as a public policy curriculum specialist at Nova Southeastern University. With her experience in the Florida House, she ran successfully for the Florida State Senate in 2000. She supported several bills including the Florida Residential Swimming Pool Safety Act and one creating a Children's Services Council for Broward County. She received an award from the Save The Manatee Club for her commitment in the 2002 legislative session to manatee protection as a member of the Florida State Senate.
Wasserman Schultz is a member of dozens of caucuses and a member of several working groups and several task forces, including the Congressional Solar Caucus, the New Democrat Coalition, the Congressional Arts Caucus, the Afterschool Caucuses, and the United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus.
She was appointed to the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee in her first term. During the 2006 elections, she raised over seventeen million dollars in campaign contributions for her Democratic colleagues (third-most after Nancy Pelosi and Rahm Emanuel), she was chosen as Chief Deputy Whip and appointed to the Appropriations Committee, a plum assignment for a sophomore congresswoman.
She currently chairs the Committee's Legislative Branch subcommittee, which Pelosi returned to the Committee after it was dissolved by Republican leadership in 2005. Shortly after acquiring her spot on the Appropriations Committee, Wasserman Schultz received the waiver necessary to sit on an additional committee (Appropriations is typically an exclusive committee), and she is currently a member of the Judiciary Committee. Aside from her committee and leadership roles, she is a member of Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi's "30 Something" Working Group, which consists of congressional Democrats mostly under age 40. The group concentrates on issues affecting young people, including Social Security. She joined the bipartisan Congressional Cuba Democracy Caucus. According to the Congress.org 2008 Power Rankings, she was the 24th-most powerful member of the House and 22nd most powerful Democratic representative (also most powerful Florida representative).
Wasserman Schultz is pro-choice on some issues, supports gun control legislation, and is a supporter of the LGBT community. She initiated the 2007 Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act. In 2011, Wasserman Schultz was one of the 23 co-sponsors of H.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA).
On April 25, 2018, 57 members of the House of Representatives, including Wasserman Schultz, released a condemnation of Holocaust distortion in Ukraine and Poland. They criticized Poland’s new Holocaust law, which would criminalize accusing Poles of complicity in the Holocaust, and Ukraine’s 2015 memory laws glorifying Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) and its pro-Nazi leaders, such as Roman Shukhevych.
In December 2015, Wasserman Schultz was one of 24 co-sponsors of H.R. 4018, authored by GOP Congressman Dennis A. Ross, which would delay the implementation of CFPB regulations. "Wasserman Schultz is among a dozen Florida representatives who have cosponsored bipartisan legislation that would delay the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's payday lending rules by two years and void a "deferred presentment transaction" in states with laws similar to Florida's. She has drawn criticism for trying to delay those regulations.
The CFPB's creation was authorized by the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, whose passage in 2010 was a legislative response to the financial crisis of 2007–08 and the subsequent Great Recession.
During the Terri Schiavo case, she was one of the strongest opponents of congressional intervention. She publicly accused President George W. Bush of hypocrisy for signing a 1999 bill as Governor of Texas that allows health care workers to remove life support for terminally ill patients if the patient or family is unable to pay the medical bills. During the debate Wasserman Schultz pointed out that a Texas law signed by then Gov. Bush allowed caregivers to withhold treatment "at the point that futility has been reached and there is no longer any hope of survival or of additional health care measures being used to sustain life. ... [this] seems to conflict with his position today." Cox News Service reported that "The Texas law was intended to control in cases in which medical teams and patients' representatives disagree on treatment. In the Schiavo case, the medical team and Schiavo's husband agreed that there was no hope of improvement in her condition, determined by lower courts to be a 'persistent vegetative state'." Wasserman Schultz also cited the case of a six-month-old Texas baby whose life support had been removed.
While her predecessor and mentor Peter Deutsch was "among the most hawkish congressional Democrats on Middle East issues", Wasserman Schultz, who took over his seat for Florida's 20th district, "a heavily Jewish swath of Broward County", has taken a more centrist approach. During 2005 she spoke in approval of President George W. Bush's proposals to give financial aid to the Palestinian Authority in both the proposed supplemental and in the 2006 budgets. She said:
We want to continue to focus on making sure that ... the policy coming from Washington continues to encourage and support and nurture the peace process. In [Bush's] first four years, there was a lack of leadership coming from the administration. I know many people in the Jewish community were happy with the president's position on Israel, but the way I thought, there was an absence of leadership. ... So I'm glad to see there's a little more engagement and involvement from the administration.
I would stack up the Democratic caucus's position on the support for Israel against the Republican caucus's any day of the week and be much more confident—and the Jewish community should be much more confident—in the Democrats' stewardship of Israel than the Republicans, especially if you compare the underlying reasons for both groups' support for Israel. The very far right group of Republicans' interest in Israel is not because they are so supportive of there being a Jewish state and making sure that Jews have a place that we can call home. It has references to Armageddon and biblical references that are more their interest. So I would encourage members of the Jewish community to put their faith in Democrats, because our support for Israel is generally for the right reasons.
Wasserman Schultz supports the use of appropriations for future control of presidential signing statements as developed as part of questions during the House Judiciary Committee hearing on the constitutional limits of executive power July 26, 2008.
She and Senator Arlen Specter were the driving forces behind the resolution that declared every May Jewish American Heritage Month. The annual observance was created to recognize "the accomplishments of American Jews and the important role that members of the Jewish community have played in the development of American culture". The observance is modeled after Black History Month, Hispanic Heritage Month and Women's History Month. Wasserman Schultz envisioned "classroom instruction, public ceremonies and broadcast announcements", stating "There's a generation of children growing up with a fading memory of what happened during World War II or even an understanding of anyone who is Jewish or their culture and traditions. Through education comes tolerance." The bill introducing the observance passed unanimously in both the House and the Senate and signed by President George W. Bush. Wasserman Schultz said of the proclamation "This is an historic occasion. Generations to come will have the chance to live without anti-Semitism through greater understanding and awareness of the significant role that American Jews have played in U.S. history. Jewish American Heritage Month is a reality because of the people gathered today in this room."
The measure was criticized by Gary Cass, executive director of the now-defunct Center for Reclaiming America for Christ, a conservative Christian organization based in Fort Lauderdale, who objected to "teaching Jewish history without talk of religious practices and values", saying "We cannot seem to have an honest discussion about the Christian roots of America". He wondered "How much tolerance would [Congresswoman Wasserman Schultz] have for a Christian Heritage month?" She replied that the situation is different, that "Judaism is unique, because it is both a culture and a religion," and that she was not in favor of "teaching any religion in public schools." The congresswoman's father, Larry Wasserman, said that while his daughter had not been particularly active in the Jewish community before entering politics, she has "forged ties with Jewish groups as a lawmaker. She helped to form the National Jewish Democratic Council and served on the regional board of the American Jewish Congress."
During an April 2009 House Judiciary Committee hearing on the Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009, fellow Floridian Tom Rooney, a former active duty U.S. Army JAG Corps officer, introduced an amendment that would make attacks against military veterans a hate crime. Wasserman Schultz remarked on the amendment:
I'm from a state, as Mr. Rooney is, that includes and represents the districts that include real victims. I represent a very large – one of the largest – gay populations in the United States of America. One of the largest Jewish populations in the United States of America. My region – our region – has a very large African-American population. It really is belittling of the respect that we should have for these groups to suggest that members of the armed services have somehow systematically been the victims of hate crimes.
Wasserman Schultz became a vocal advocate for the family of Daniel Wultz, constituents of her congressional district engaged in legal action against the Bank of China for its alleged role in financing the terrorist attack that killed the 16-year-old teenager from Weston, Florida, in 2006.
In August 2013, Wasserman Schultz told the Miami Herald: "In South Florida, we all know too well of the tragic circumstances surrounding the cowardly terrorist attack that took Daniel Wultz's innocent life. I have been working, hand in hand with the Wultz family and the state of Israel to ensure any and all of those involved in this terrorist activity, including the Bank of China, pay for their crimes so that justice can be served."
On February 15, 2013, Wasserman Schultz introduced the Stopping Tax Offenders and Prosecuting Identity Theft Act of 2013 (H.R. 744; 113th Congress) into the House. The bill would increase the penalties on identity thieves in the United States and change the definition of identity theft to include businesses and organizations instead of just individuals.
Wasserman Schultz opposed a 2014 medical marijuana amendment in Florida that narrowly failed to reach the 60% of votes in favor needed to amend the Constitution of Florida. She angered medical marijuana activists and major Democratic donors over this and her comparisons of medical marijuana dispensaries to "pill mills", which over-prescribe and over-dispense painkillers to patients with dubious symptoms. After Wasserman Schultz expressed interest in running for the United States Senate in the 2016 elections, medical marijuana activists vowed to thwart her ambitions. Attorney and donor John Morgan said that her position on medical marijuana "disqualifies her from the [Democratic Senate] nomination... Her position denies terminally ill and chronically ill people compassion."
In response, in February 2015, Wasserman Schultz's staff emailed Morgan, offering to change her position on medical marijuana if Morgan would stop criticizing her. Morgan declined her offer and released the emails to Politico, calling her a "bully". Wasserman Schultz at first declined to comment, then denied that her office had even sent the emails. Morgan responded: "What Debbie leaves out in her pushback was the crystal clear message that her potential support of the new amendment [that has been proposed for the ballot in 2016] was predicated upon me withdrawing my comments to Politico. I don't know how to view that as anything but an offer of a quid pro quo."
In 2018, Wasserman Schultz co-sponsored a bill to "strengthen school safety and security", which required a two-thirds vote for passage, given it was brought up under an expedited process. The House voted 407-10 to approve the bill, which would "provide $50 million a year for a new federal grant program to train students, teachers and law enforcement on how to spot and report signs of gun violence". Named STOP (Students, Teachers, and Officers Preventing) School Violence Act, it would "develop anonymous telephone and online systems where people could report threats of violence." At the same time, it would authorize $25 million for schools to improve and harden their security, such as installing new locks, lights, metal detectors and panic buttons." A separate spending bill would be required to provide money for the grant program.
In 2004, Wasserman Schultz's mentor Peter Deutsch resigned his Congressional seat to make an unsuccessful run for the Senate seat of fellow Democrat Bob Graham. Wasserman Schultz was unopposed in the Democratic primary election held to fill Deutsch's seat. Her Republican opponent was Margaret Hostetter, a realtor who had never held public office. The 20th is so heavily Democratic that Hostetter faced nearly impossible odds in November. However, she gained notoriety for her attacks on Wasserman Schultz. For example, Hostetter's campaign site criticized Wasserman Schultz for protesting an American flag photograph with a Christian cross on it that was on display in the workstation of a secretary in a government building. Hostetter wrote, "Elect Margaret Hostetter to Congress November 2 and send the clear message that Americans respect and support... the foundational role Christianity has had in the formation of our great nation. Our rights come from God, not the state."
Wasserman Schultz won, taking 70.2% to Hostetter's 29.8%. However, Hostetter had only spent about $30,000 to get 30% of the vote (compared to Wasserman Schultz's $1.2 million). When Wasserman Schultz was sworn in on January 4, 2005, she chose to use the Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh. Because Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert only had a Christian Bible, a copy of the Tanakh was borrowed by Hastert's staff from Congressman Gary Ackerman for this purpose. (This was brought up two years later during the Qur'an oath controversy of the 110th United States Congress.)
Wasserman Schultz was unopposed for reelection in 2006.
In 2008 Wasserman Schultz won her reelection bid by defeating Independent Margaret Hostetter and Socialist write-in candidate Marc Luzietti.
She announced her support of Hillary Clinton for her party's 2008 presidential nomination, and in June 2007 was named one of Clinton's national campaign co-chairs. Once Senator Barack Obama became the presumptive Democratic nominee, she endorsed him and joined Senator Ken Salazar of Colorado and Representative Artur Davis of Alabama to second his nomination at the 2008 Democratic National Convention.
On CBS's Face the Nation, she declared Sarah Palin to be unready for the Vice Presidency. "She knows nothing...Quite honestly, the interview I saw and that Americans saw on Thursday and Friday was similar to when I didn't read a book in high school and had to read the CliffsNotes and phone in my report", Wasserman Schultz said of Palin's interview with ABC's Charlie Gibson last week. "She's Cliff-noted her performance so far." Wasserman Schultz was also named a co-chair of the Democratic Party's Red to Blue congressional campaign group. Controversy arose in March 2008 when she announced that she would be unable to campaign against South Florida Republican representatives Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Mario Diaz-Balart, and the now-retired Lincoln Diaz-Balart, because of her good friendship with them. Wasserman Schultz and Ros-Lehtinen (R–FL) are both on the LGBT Equality Caucus of which Wasserman Schultz was a Vice Chair. Ros-Lehtinen has been the sole Republican on the 112-member caucus since 2013.
Wasserman Schultz was challenged by Republican nominee Karen Harrington and Independents Stanley Blumenthal and Bob Kunst. Florida Whig Party candidate Clayton Schock ran as a write-in. Wasserman Schultz won over Harrington, 60.1% to 38.1%.
After the 2010 census, Wasserman Schultz' district was renumbered as the 23rd District and pushed further into Miami-Dade County, taking in most of Miami Beach and a portion of Miami itself. She again faced Republican businesswoman Karen Harrington Wasserman Schultz won with 63.2% percent of the vote, to 35.6% for Harrington. When she was sworn in for her fourth term, she became the first white Democrat to represent a significant portion of Miami since 1993.
In the general election, Wasserman Schultz defeated Republican Joe Kaufman, the Republican candidate, 62.7% to 37.3%.
After a court-ordered redistricting in 2015, Wasserman Schultz lost much of her share of Miami-Dade County, including her portions of Miami and Miami Beach.
Economist and law professor Tim Canova challenged Wasserman Schultz in the August 30, 2016, Florida Democratic Party's primary election. He was endorsed by Senator Bernie Sanders, 2016 Democratic primary candidate for President. Wasserman Schultz won the primary election with 57 percent of the vote.
On August 8, 2016, in the wake of the WikiLeaks Democratic National Committee email disclosures, Canova filed a Federal Election Commission (FEC) violations of regulations complaint against Wasserman Schultz, alleging "interference" with his campaign, contending that on her behalf "...the DNC paid a team of national, senior communications and political professionals significant sums of money for their consulting services and the Wasserman Schultz for Congress Campaign utilized these services free of charge." A spokesman for Wasserman Schultz said that the complaint was without merit and that it was "based on stolen, cherry-picked information".
In the general election, Wasserman Schultz defeated Republican candidate Joe Kaufman with 56.7% to 40.5% of the vote.
Wasserman Schultz ran unopposed in the Democratic primary and was challenged by Republican candidate Joe Kaufman and Independent candidates Tim Canova and Don Endriss. Wasserman Schultz won with 58.48% of the vote to 35.99% for Kaufman, 4.95% for Canova, and 0.58% for Endriss.
On April 5, 2011, Vice President Joe Biden announced that Wasserman Schultz was President Barack Obama's choice to succeed Tim Kaine as the 52nd Chair of the Democratic National Committee. Until she assumed office, current DNC Vice-Chair Donna Brazile served as the interim Chair of the Democratic National Committee. Wasserman Schultz was confirmed at the meeting of the DNC held on May 4, 2011, in Washington, D.C.
During an appearance on Face the Nation, Wasserman Schultz said, "The Republicans have a plan to end Medicare as we know it. What they would do is they would take the people who are younger than 55 years old today and tell them, 'You know what? You're on your own. Go and find private health insurance in the health-care insurance market.'". Four non-partisan fact-checkers called her claim false. She then came under criticism for her comments on Washington Watch with Roland Martin, in which she said, "You have the Republicans, who want to literally drag us all the way back to Jim Crow laws and literally—and very transparently—block access to the polls to voters who are more likely to vote for Democratic candidates than Republican candidates". The next day, she stated that "Jim Crow was the wrong analogy to use".
In 2012, many of Obama's advisers questioned the move to select Wasserman Schultz as his DNC chairwoman, who they felt came across as too partisan on television. An internal focus study of the popularity of top Obama campaign surrogates ranked Wasserman Schultz at the bottom. In February 2015, Politico, citing unnamed sources, reported that Wasserman Schultz had lined up supporters in 2013 to portray any decision by Barack Obama to replace her as DNC chair as "anti-woman and anti-Semitic".
Clinton's opponents, Martin O'Malley and Bernie Sanders, both criticized the decision by Wasserman Schultz to schedule only six debates in the 2016 presidential primary, fewer than in previous election cycles, as well as the timing of the debates.
Ultimately, there were nine debates that both Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders participated in during the primaries, as well as a number of town halls.
Some of Wasserman Schultz's actions that the news covered during the primaries were: having reduced the debate schedule, uninviting former DNC Vice Chair Tulsi Gabbard to the first primary Democratic debate, halting the Sanders' campaign's access to DNC databases after a staffer from their campaign attempted to exploit a security breach defending the superdelegate system used in the Democratic primaries, rescinding a prior ban on corporate donations, and accusing Sanders supporters of violence at the Nevada Convention.
After WikiLeaks published stolen Democratic National Committee emails which suggested that DNC staffers had expressed support for Hillary Clinton in the primary campaigns while criticizing the Bernie Sanders campaign, Wasserman Schultz tendered her resignation as the head of the DNC, to become effective as of the close of the nominating convention in Philadelphia. According to reports in The Washington Post, Wasserman Schultz strongly resisted suggestions she resign, requiring a phone call from President Barack Obama to finally force her resignation.
Following a speech at the convention before the Florida delegation where Wasserman Schultz was "booed off stage" the DNC announced she would not gavel open the convention. She was subsequently appointed honorary chair of the Clinton campaign's "50 state program".
On October 24, 2018, a pipe bomb device sent to former U.S. Attorney General Holder, which had the wrong address, was instead delivered to the Florida office of U.S. Representative Wasserman Schultz, whose name and address was on the return labels of all of the packages. During this time, similar pipe bomb devices had been sent to various influential Democratic politicians. The packages containing the devices, as well as envelopes containing mysterious white powder, also labeled Schultz's office Sunrise, Florida as the sender. However, the person who sent these devices and envelopes also misspelled her name as "Shultz." The same day, a similar device was found at Schultz's office in Aventura, Florida as well. Fingerprint DNA helped identify the suspect as Florida resident Cesar Sayoc, who, after tracking his cell phone, was arrested in a parking lot in Plantation, Florida on October 26, 2018
Online by Gerard Peters and John T. Woolley
Debbie Wasserman, the daughter of Larry and Ann (Oberweger) Wasserman was born in Forest Hills, New York, on September 27, 1966.
For two weeks, she's hit the stump, talking about her breast cancer battle.The seven surgeries, including a double mastectomy.
"I remember how she was only half out of anesthesia and she was on the BlackBerry", says her brother, Steve Wasserman, an assistant U.S. Attorney in Washington.
Debbie Wasserman Schultz was born in 1966 on Long Island, NY.
|Florida House of Representatives|
| Member of the Florida House of Representatives
from the 97th district
| Member of the Florida Senate
from the 32nd district
| Member of the Florida Senate
from the 34th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 20th congressional district
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 23rd congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Chair of the Democratic National Committee
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority
The 2006 Florida U.S. House elections took place on November 7, 2006. Elections were held in Florida's 1st through 25th congressional districts.
Florida is known to be a moderate-to-conservative state, with more liberals residing in South Florida, and moderates and conservatives dominating both the northern and central regions of Florida, as well as a strong Republican base in Cuban-American portions of Miami. A former Florida Secretary of State made famous in the 2000 presidential election challenged incumbent Senator Bill Nelson, and ended up losing to Nelson. Democrats set their sights on two districts in the Sarasota and Tampa area (the open seats of both Harris and the retiring Mike Bilirakis, respectively), and also on a South Florida district held by one of the Sunshine State's longest-serving congressmen. The primary was held on September 5, 2006. The popularity of outgoing Governor Jeb Bush aided their gubernatorial candidate, Attorney General Charlie Crist and helped Republicans win downballot, including Crist's newly elected successor at the Attorney General position, former Rep. Bill McCollum.
The following Congressmen went unopposed in the 2006 election and thus their election is not reported below:
Allen Boyd (D-FL-02)
Corrine Brown (D-FL-03)
Robert Wexler (D-FL-19)
Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL-20)
Alcee Hastings (D-FL-23)2016 Democratic National Committee email leak
The 2016 Democratic National Committee email leak is a collection of Democratic National Committee (DNC) emails stolen by one or more hackers operating under the pseudonym "Guccifer 2.0" who are alleged to be Russian intelligence agency hackers, according to indictments carried out by the Mueller investigation. These emails were subsequently published (leaked) by DCLeaks in June and July 2016 and by WikiLeaks on July 22, 2016, during the 2016 Democratic National Convention. This collection included 19,252 emails and 8,034 attachments from the DNC, the governing body of the United States' Democratic Party. The leak includes emails from seven key DNC staff members, and date from January 2015 to May 2016. The leaked contents, which suggested the party's leadership had worked to sabotage Bernie Sanders' presidential campaign, prompted the resignation of DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz before the Democratic National Convention. After the convention, DNC CEO Amy Dacey, CFO Brad Marshall, and Communications Director Luis Miranda also resigned in the wake of the controversy.WikiLeaks did not reveal its source. Later Julian Assange, founder of Wikileaks, stated that the source of the emails was not Russia. On July 13, 2018, Special Counsel Robert Mueller indicted 12 Russian military intelligence agents of a group known as Fancy Bear alleged to be responsible for the attack, who were behind the Guccifer 2.0 pseudonym which claimed responsibility. The same day of the leak, the DNC issued a formal apology to Bernie Sanders and his supporters, stating, "On behalf of everyone at the DNC, we want to offer a deep and sincere apology to Senator Sanders, his supporters, and the entire Democratic Party for the inexcusable remarks made over email," and that the emails did not reflect the DNC's "steadfast commitment to neutrality during the nominating process." On November 6, 2016, WikiLeaks released a second batch of DNC emails, adding 8,263 emails to its collection.On December 9, 2016, the CIA told U.S. legislators that the U.S. Intelligence Community concluded Russia conducted operations during the 2016 U.S. election to prevent Hillary Clinton from winning the presidency. Multiple U.S intelligence agencies concluded people with direct ties to the Kremlin gave WikiLeaks hacked emails from the Democratic National Committee.In June 2017, former Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson, who was appointed by and served under President Barack Obama, testified before a House Select committee that his department offered their assistance to the DNC during the campaign to determine what happened to their server, but said his efforts were "rebuffed" because the DHS was offering to provide assistance months after the FBI had provided assistance.2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida
The 2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016 to elect the 27 U.S. Representatives from the state of Florida, one from each of the state's 27 congressional districts. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including President of the United States. A lawsuit challenging the districts under Florida's Congressional District Boundaries Amendment (Fair Districts Amendment) was filed in 2012 and was resolved in 2015. The results of the lawsuit will have major repercussions on the congressional races in Florida in 2016. The primaries were held on August 30.30 Something Working Group
The "30 Something" Working Group was composed of ten members of the United States House of Representatives Democratic caucus, most of whom were under the age of forty. After suffering several unsuccessful congressional election years and losing votes of younger Americans (usually a key Democratic demographic), Nancy Pelosi created the "30 Something Working Group" to reach out to younger American voters with the working group often focusing on issues pertinent to younger Americans.
Active primarily during the 109th Congress, when the Democrats were the minority party, the group's stated mission was "engaging the next generation of Americans further in government and the political process". While Congress was in session, popular weekly (and sometimes daily) broadcasts of the group speaking on the floor of the House of Representatives on a range of issues aired on C-SPAN. For much of its history, the group was led by Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Kendrick Meek, both of whom were from South Florida.Amigos For Kids
Amigos Together For Kids (DBA: Amigos For Kids) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation founded in 1991 dedicated to preventing child abuse and neglect by valuing children, strengthening families and educating communities. The group was founded by Jorge A. Plasencia. Amigos For Kids has created a model after-school program at Jose Marti Park in Miami for over 100 underprivileged children in a public and private partnership with the City of Miami. The organization creates awareness for its cause through a variety of public service campaigns and high-profile fundraising events including the successful Celebrity Domino Night. It also runs an annual toy drive to collect Christmas gifts for disadvantaged children.Amigos For Kids has trademarked the term "There's No Excuse for Child Abuse!" in English, Spanish and Creole. The organization, an affiliate of the National Council of La Raza (NCLR), is governed by a volunteer board of directors whose current chair is Nicole Valls. Rosa Maria Plasencia is the current President and CEO.
Throughout its over 25-year history, Amigos has created numerous programs for these children in the inner-city across South Florida.
In 2017, Amigos collaborated with Republica on Broken Crayons. The groundbreaking art exhibit transformed children’s drawings into an immersive experience, showing patrons the raw reality of child abuse. The PSA campaign demonstrated how abused children’s cries for help can easily be overlooked.
In 2010, Amigos took its awareness message nationally, airing public-service announcements targeting US Hispanics on the prevention of child abuse and neglect. As of 2010, Amigos For Kids had received four stars for three consecutive years from charitynavigator.com, an honor that only 12% of nonprofits nationally have garnered. Amigos For Kids also hosts workshops and parenting programs across the Miami-area.Notable artists and people have supported or appeared at Amigos For Kids such as Ingrid Hoffmann, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Juan Soler, Pitbull, Paquito D'Rivera, Juan Pablo Torres, Dave Valentin, Giovanni Hidalgo, Hilton Ruiz, Tito Puente Marc Anthony. and Gloria Estefan. In August 2013, U. S. Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz met with Miami organization leaders including Amigo For Kids, to discuss "current and future sequestration of Hispanic and Latino families in South Florida". In June 2013, In November 2013, Amigos For Kids collaborated with Miami Heat player Ray Allen to distribute 250 Thanksgiving meals. In March 2015, actor Gabriel Coronel raided $60,000 for Amigos For Kids after participating in a Top Chef competition. In April 2015, Amigos For Kids was one of several organizations to receive over $1 million in donations from Verizon. In June 2015, the group hosted its annual Celebrity Domino Night at Jungle Island which was sponsored by Bacardi and Lincoln Motor Company and featured celebrities including Elizabeth Gutiérrez, Khotan Fernández, María Elena Salinas, Sonya Smith and Pamela Silva Conde.Amy Dacey
Amy Dacey is an American Democratic politician. She was the CEO of the Democratic National Committee from January 2014 until her resignation in August 2016.Bob Kunst
Bob Kunst is an American gay rights activist and perennial candidate.Kunst was born in 1941 in Miami Beach, Florida. He supported the 1976 Miami-Dade County Ordinance for Gay Rights and was later involved in activism for people with AIDS. Kunst opposed Save Our Children, a Dade County, Florida voter-approved county initiative supported by singer Anita Bryant and her then-husband Bob Green. The initiative repealed the previous anti-discrimination ordinance Kunst had supported. The law was eventually repealed by the state Supreme Court of Florida in 2010.In 1991, after allegations of financial mismanagement were published in the Miami Herald, Kunst was fired as the executive director of Cure AIDS Now.As a Democratic Party politician, Kunst unsuccessfully campaigned in the Democratic primary against Bob Graham in the 1986 United States Senate elections in Florida. Kunst also ran unsuccessfully in the 2010 United States House of Representatives Election, this time as an unaffiliated independent, against incumbent Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz, a Democrat, in Florida. Kunst volunteered for the Hillary Rodham Clinton 2008 U.S. presidential campaign in Florida. Kunst was president (1991-2001) of Shalom International, a Jewish group combating global Neo-Nazism and Neo-fascism movements. And he was a co-founder of the Oral Majority in 1982, the liberal and secular counter-protest group of the Religious Right organizations Moral Majority and later the Christian Coalition.In 2018, Kunst protested outside the courthouse where Noor Salman, Omar Mateen's widow, was being tried for complicity in her husband's Pulse nightclub massacre with a sign reading "'Fry her till she has no 'Pulse'". Noor Salman was found not guilty during a trial that also exposed the fact that she was abused by her husband.Kunst worked in marketing for the Miami Toros professional soccer team in the 1970s.Kunst supported Donald Trump in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.Democratic National Committee
The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the formal governing body for the United States Democratic Party. The committee coordinates strategy to support Democratic Party candidates throughout the country for local, state, and national office. It organizes the Democratic National Convention held every four years to nominate and confirm a candidate for president, and to formulate the party platform. While it provides support for party candidates, it does not have direct authority over elected officials.The DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party committee and more than 200 members elected by Democrats in all 50 states and the territories. Its chair is elected by the committee. It conducts fundraising to support its activities.The DNC was established at the 1848 Democratic National Convention. The DNC's main counterpart is the Republican National Committee.Florida's 20th congressional district
Florida's 20th congressional district is an electoral district for the U.S. Congress, located in southeast Florida. The district includes most of the majority-black precincts in and around Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach. It also includes a vast area inland to the southeastern shores of Lake Okeechobee, including the community of Belle Glade.
From 2003 to 2012, the 20th district took in parts of Broward and Miami-Dade counties. The district was based in Fort Lauderdale and included many of its suburbs including Davie.
The district is currently represented by Democrat Alcee Hastings.Florida's 23rd congressional district
Florida's 23rd congressional district is an electoral district for the U.S. Congress, located outside Miami, Florida. The district stretches from Weston to the City of Miami Beach.In 2016, it covers parts of Broward and Miami-Dade, including Miami Beach. From 2003 to 2012, the former 23rd district consisted of a major part of Broward County and parts of Palm Beach county. The district included Pompano Beach, Boynton Beach and Belle Glade.
The district is currently represented by Democrat Debbie Wasserman Schultz.Florida's congressional districts
Florida is divided into 27 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. After the 2010 Census, the number of Florida's seats was increased from 25 to 27 due to the state's increase in population, and subsequent reapportionment in 2012.
The districts are represented in the 116th United States Congress by 13 Democrats and 14 Republicans.
In 2010 more than 63 percent of Florida voters approved the initiated Amendments 5 and 6, known as the "Fair District Amendments," to the state constitution, over the objections of the Republican-controlled legislature. These are intended to promote fairness in congressional districts and "prohibit lawmakers from intentionally drawing districts that favor incumbents or political parties."The legislature had adopted new districts in 2012 as a result of the 2010 census. Their product was soon challenged in early 2011 by groups who had worked for passage of the amendments, including the League of Women Voters and Common Cause. The trial revealed much secret dealings by party operatives and lawmakers; the court set a new legal standard. At one point the court excluded the press and shut down the TV feed in order to allow three hours of testimony by a political operative.On July 9, 2014, a Florida judge ruled that state Republicans had illegally drawn the state's congressional districts. Judge Terry P. Lewis of Florida’s Second Judicial Circuit ordered that the 5th and 10th districts be redrawn. On appeal, the Florida Supreme Court ruled on July 9, 2015 that several more districts had to be redrawn, and that the legislature had unconstitutionally worked to benefit the Republican Party. The historic ruling was considered likely to affect most of the state's 27 districts.On December 2, 2015 the state supreme court approved a remedial plan for districting for the 2016 elections. All but Districts 1, 8, and 19 were altered in some way by the plan.Jewish American Heritage Month
Jewish American Heritage Month (JAHM) is an annual recognition and celebration of Jewish American achievements in and contributions to the United States of America during the month of May.President George W. Bush first proclaimed the month on April 20, 2006, as a result of cooperation with Sen. Arlen Specter (R-PA), as well as the Jewish Museum of Florida and the South Florida Jewish Community. Since then, annual proclamations have been made by Presidents Bush, Barack Obama and Donald Trump.Tim Canova
Timothy A. "Tim" Canova (born May 17, 1960) is an American politician and law professor specializing in banking and finance. Canova sought to represent Florida's 23rd congressional district, challenging then-Democratic National Committee chair, Representative Debbie Wasserman Schultz, in the August 30, 2016, Florida Democratic Party primary election. On June 15, 2017, Canova confirmed that he would again challenge Wasserman-Schultz in the 2018 Democratic Primary. On April 2, 2018, he announced that he would instead be challenging her in the general election as an independent candidate. Canova received 4.9 percent of the vote in his second attempt to oust Wasserman Schultz.USCGC Robert Yered (WPC-1104)
USCGC Robert Yered (WPC-1104) is a Sentinel-class cutter based in Miami, Florida. She was launched on November 23, 2012, and was commissioned on February 15, 2012. Debbie Wasserman Schultz, the Congressional Representative for the district containing the vessel's base, met the ship when she arrived in Miami on January 27, 2013.United States House Committee on Appropriations
The United States House Committee on Appropriations is a committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The committee is responsible for passing appropriation bills along with its Senate counterpart. The bills passed by the Appropriations Committee regulate expenditures of money by the government of the United States. As such, it is one of the most powerful of the committees, and its members are seen as influential. They make the key decisions about the work of their committees—when their committees meet, which bills they will consider, and for how long.United States congressional delegations from Florida
These are tables of congressional delegations from Florida to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
Unlike many smaller states that generally have continuity in their districts when reapportioned every 10 years after the United States Census, Florida has seen a great deal of demographic change and population shifts since statehood. An individual numbered district today does not necessarily cover the same geographic area as the same numbered district before reapportionment. For example, Adam Putnam and before him Charles T. Canady have represented the 12th District since 1993, which was previously held by Tom Lewis. However, the area they serve identically covers much of the Polk County area previously represented by Andy Ireland when it was part of the 10th District.Wassermann
Wasserman or Wassermann is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Aaron E. Wasserman (1920–2015), American food scientist
Aharon Wasserman (born 1986), American entrepreneur and software designer
Anatoly Wasserman (born 1952), Russian journalist and political pundit
Antony Wassermann (born 1957), British mathematician
August von Wassermann (1866-1925), German bacteriologist
Bob Wasserman (1934-2011), American politician and police chief, Mayor of Fremont, California (2004-2011)
Casey Wasserman (born 1974), American entertainment executive and owner of the Los Angeles Avengers Arena Football League team
Wassermann, formerly Wassermann Media Group, a marketing and talent agency, founded by Casey Wasserman
Dale Wasserman (1914–2008), American playwright
Dan Wasserman, American political cartoonist
Debbie Wasserman Schultz (born 1966), American politician from Florida
Dora Wasserman (1919–2003), actress and founder of the Dora Wasserman Yiddish Theatre in Montreal
Edward Wasserman, American professor of psychology at the University of Iowa
Ehren Wassermann (born 1980), American baseball pitcher
Elchonon Wasserman (1874-1941), Lithuanian rabbi and rosh yeshiva
Eva Wasserman-Margolis, American composer, conductor and clarinet player
Gordon Wasserman, Baron Wasserman (born 1938), member of the UK House of Lords
Harvey Wasserman (born 1945), American journalist
Jack Wasserman (1927-1977), Canadian newspaper columnist
Jakob Wassermann (1873-1934), German writer and novelist
James Wasserman (born 1948), American author and occultist
Jeffrey Wasserman (1946-2006), American artist
Jerry Wasserman (born 1945), American actor
John L. Wasserman (1938-1979), American entertainment critic for the San Francisco Chronicle from 1964 - 1979
Kathryn Wasserman Davis (1907-2013), American philanthropist and foundation executive
Kimberly Wasserman, American environmentalist
Kevin 'Noodles' Wasserman (born 1963), American lead guitarist and background vocalist for The Offspring
Larry A. Wasserman, Canadian statistician
Lew Wasserman (1913-2002), American film and entertainment agent and studio executive
Mel Wasserman (1932-2002), American businessman, entrepreneur and founder of CEDU Education
Noam T. Wasserman, American academic
Paul Wasserman (1934–2007), American entertainment publicist
Philip Wasserman (1828–1895), mayor of Portland, Oregon
Rick D. Wasserman (born 1973), American actor
Rob Wasserman (1952–2016), American composer and bass player
Robin Wasserman (born 1978), American novelist
Ron Wasserman (born 1961), American composer
Ruth Wasserman Lande (born 1976), Israeli diplomat, lecturer and social activist
Sandra Wasserman (born 1970), Belgian tennis player
Sheldon Wasserman (born 1961), Wisconsin State Assembly member
Stanley Wasserman (born 1951), American statistician
Tony Wasserman, American computer scientist
Václav Wasserman (1898–1967), Czechoslovak screenwriter, film actor and director
Walter Wassermann (1883–1944), German screenwriter
Zbigniew Wassermann (1949-2010), Polish politicianWilliam Lehman (Florida politician)
William M. Lehman (October 5, 1913 – March 16, 2005) was a United States Representative from Florida. Born in Selma, Alabama, Lehman graduated from Dallas Academy and Selma High School in 1930. He received a B.S. from the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa in 1934 and attended Oxford University in 1965.
He was an auto dealer and a teacher at Miami Norland Junior High School in Miami, Florida in 1963–1964, while also working as an instructor at Miami-Dade Junior College in 1965–1966.
He was a member of the Miami-Dade County School Board from 1966 to 1972, and was elected as a Democrat to the Ninety-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1973 to January 3, 1993. He was not a candidate for renomination to the One Hundred Third Congress in 1992. The seat is currently occupied by Debbie Wasserman Schultz. Serving as chair of the Miami-Dade county transportation subcommittee, he helped create the Metrorail and Tri-Rail systems. Other work includes the assisted creation of the trauma care center at Jackson Memorial Hospital. William Lehman Elementary School in Miami, Florida, and the William Lehman Causeway are named after him. He died in 2005 in Miami Beach, aged 91.