Death anniversary

A death anniversary is the anniversary of the death of a person. It is the opposite of birthday. It is a custom in several Asian cultures, including Armenia, Cambodia, China, Georgia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, India, Myanmar, Iran, Israel, Japan, Bangladesh, Korea, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Russia, Belarus, and Vietnam, as well as in other places with significant overseas Chinese, Japanese, Jewish, Korean, and Vietnamese populations, to observe the anniversary on which a family member or other significant individual died. There are also similar memorial services that are held at different intervals, such as every week.

Although primarily a manifestation of ancestor worship, the tradition has also been associated with Confucianism and Buddhism (in East Asian cultural civilizations) or Hinduism (South Asia but mainly in India). In Judaism (the majority religion of Israel), such a commemoration is called a yahrtzeit (among other terms). Celebration of mass in memory of a loved one on or near the anniversary of their death is also a part of Roman Catholic tradition.

Korean.culture-Jesa-01
A jesasang (제사상), literally "death anniversary table" - a table used in Korean death anniversary ceremonies

By culture

China

In China, a death anniversary is called 忌辰; jìchén or 忌日; jìrì. This type of ceremony dates back thousands of years in China (at least to the Shang Dynasty) and historically involved making sacrifices to the spirits of one's ancestors.

Indian subcontinent

In Nepal and India, a death anniversary is known as shraadh. The first death anniversary is called a barsy, from the word baras, meaning year in the Nepali and Hindi languages.

Shraadh[1] means to give with devotion or to offer one's respect. Shraadh is a ritual for expressing one's respectful feelings for the ancestors. According to Nepali and Indian texts, a soul has to wander about in the various worlds after death and has to suffer a lot due to past karmas. Shraadh is a means of alleviating this suffering.

Shraddhyaa Kriyate Yaa Saa: Shraadh is the ritual accomplished to satiate one's ancestors. Shraadh is a private ceremony performed by the family members of the departed soul. Though not mandated spiritually, it is typically performed by the eldest son and other siblings join in offering prayers together.

Then After four Year Chawarak is also done.

Japan

In Japan, a death anniversary is called meinichi (命日), kishin (忌辰), or kijitsu/kinichi (忌日). Monthly observances of a death are known as tsuki meinichi (月命日), while annual anniversaries are known as shōtsuki meinichi (祥月命日).

Judaism

Observant Jews commemorate the yahrtzeit (Yiddish: יאָרצײַט‎, romanizedyortsayt) of the death of parents, siblings, spouses, or children[2] according to the Hebrew calendar.[3] The main observance involves recitation of kaddish prayer, and a widely practiced custom is to light a special candle that burns for 24 hours, called a yahrtzeit candle.

Korea

In Korea, ancestor worship ceremonies are referred to by the generic term jerye (제례). Notable examples of jerye include Munmyo jerye and Jongmyo jerye, which are performed periodically each year for venerated Confucian scholars and kings of ancient times, respectively.

The ceremony held on the anniversary of a family member's death is called gije (기제) , and is celebrated by families as a private ceremony. For such occasions, the women of the family traditionally prepare an elaborate set of dishes, including tteok, jeon, jeok, and so forth.

Philippines

In the Philippines, the funeral is only one part of an elaborate mourning tradition. For nine days after the funeral has taken place, novena prayers are offered in a practice called pasiyam (although some start the practice the night after the death).[4] It is also customary for another service to be given on the fortieth day after the death, as it is traditionally believed that the souls of the dead wander the Earth for forty days.[5]

One year after the death, the first year death anniversary (Tagalog: babang luksa, literally "lowering of mourning") is commemorated with the final service. After the babang luksa, the spouse of the deceased can remarry, and the family can once again hold birthday celebrations and attend parties. The miscellaneous non-valuable belongings of the deceased will also be symbolically burned to represent the mourners being able to move on with their lives.[6] Babang luksa is normally commemorated with a meal and prayers ("padagal") for the deceased. For one year after a death, mourners dress all in black or wear a black pin as a remembrance during their daily lives.[7] After babang luksa, the mourners may once again return to their normal dress, although depending on circumstances, some may opt to wear their mourning attire for longer periods.[8]

Although only the first anniversary of the death is specifically commemorated, Filipinos further commemorate the deaths of all of their ancestors at their grave sites on All Saints' Day (November 1) and All Souls' Day (November 2).[9]

Vietnam

In Vietnam, a death anniversary is called giỗ, ngày giỗ (literally "giỗ day"), đám giỗ (literally "giỗ ceremony"), or bữa giỗ (literally "giỗ meal"). It is a festive occasion, at which members of an extended family gather together. Female family members traditionally spend the entire day cooking an elaborate banquet in honor of the deceased individual, which will then be enjoyed by all the family members. In addition, sticks of incense are burned in honor and commemoration of the deceased person. It is not unusual for a family to celebrate several giỗ per year, so the ceremony serves as a time for families to reunite, much like the Vietnamese new year, Tết. The rituals are the responsibility of whoever inherits the ancestral estates, typically the deceased's most senior patrilineal descendant.

Although a giỗ is usually a private ceremony attended only by family members (and occasionally also close friends), some are commemorated by large segments of the population. The commemoration of the Hung Kings (Giỗ tổ Hùng Vương), the legendary founders of the first Vietnamese kingdom in Vietnam's remote past, and of the Trung Sisters are widely participated. In March 2007 Giỗ tổ Hùng Vương became a public holiday in Vietnam.[10] As in all traditional commemorations, the Chinese calendar is used.

In Vietnamese culture, certain special, traditional dishes (particularly desserts) are only prepared for death anniversary banquets. In addition, favorite foods of the deceased person being honored are also prepared.[11] Chicken, a particularly prized meat in Vietnam, is often cooked as well. In Central Vietnam, small stuffed glutinous rice flour balls wrapped in leaves called bánh ít are such a dish.[11] Because the preparation of so many complex dishes is time-consuming, some families purchase or hire caterers to prepare certain dishes.[11] It is also common that a soft-boiled egg be prepared and then given to the oldest grandson.[11]

References

  1. ^ "Shraadh Pitra Santushti Sadhana". Siddhashram.org. Archived from the original on 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
  2. ^ "Judaism 101: Life, Death and Mourning". jewfaq.org.
  3. ^ "Jewish Funeral Guide - Remembrance - Yahrzeit Date Calculation". jewish-funeral-guide.com.
  4. ^ Loyola Jr., Roy; Mendoza, Andrea (2013-11-23). "Crash Course: Funeral practices in the Philippines". The LaSallian. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  5. ^ "Why Have a Ritual Service 40 Days After Death?". Doctrine Unites!. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  6. ^ Oballes, Jane (2012-06-23). "Common Funeral Tradition And Custom In The Philippines Part 3". Experts Column. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  7. ^ "Luksa (dictionary entry)". TagalogLang Online Tagalog-English Dictionary. 2017-02-15. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  8. ^ Hays, Jeffrey (2013). "Funerals in the Philippines". Facts and Details. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  9. ^ Corrales, Nestor (2014-11-02). "Tradition, reunions, tribute, business for Filipinos on 'day of the dead'". Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  10. ^ "Thông qua phương án xây nhà Quốc hội và nghỉ ngày giỗ Tổ". Vietbao.vn. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
  11. ^ a b c d "Death Anniversary in Vietnam - Scooter Saigon Tour". Scooter Saigon Tour. 2017-05-31. Retrieved 2018-05-26.

External links

Baghbanpura

Baghbanpura (Urdu: باغبان پورہ‎) is a town and Union Council of Shalimar tehsil, Lahore District, Punjab, Pakistan. It is located along the Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometres northeast of the main Lahore city.

The site for Baghbanpura was granted by Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan to Mian Muhammad Yousaf s/o Mian Muhammad Ishaq in lieu of giving his private village land Ishaq Pur as a gift to emperor for the construction of Shalimar Garden. Later Baghbanpura became home town of Arain Mian family who Mughal Empiror Shah Jehan also granted the custodianship of the Shalimar Gardens.

The word Baghbanpura literally means 'Town of Gardeners', as this place originally used to be surrounded by many gardens mostly owned by Arain Mian family itself. But by the passage of time all gardens and agricultural fields are now converted to developed city and only garden left there is the Shalimar Garden, now included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ruins of Mughal style gates of some gardens are still present along G.T. Road. Baghbanpura has now became a part of modern Lahore city.

Mela Chiraghan or Mela Shalamar (Punjabi: میلہ چراغاں; "Festival of Lights") is a three-day annual festival to mark the urs (death anniversary) of the Punjabi Sufi poet and saint Shah Hussain. It takes place at the shrine of Shah Hussain in Baghbanpura.

Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas

Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas (1904–1967) was a leading politician of Jammu and Kashmir and the President of the Muslim Conference party. After his migration to Pakistan administered Kashmir in 1947, he became the head of the Azad Kashmir (AJK) government.

Abbas died in Rawalpindi on 18 December 1967 and was laid to rest in Faizabad near Rawalpindi, close to the capital city of Islamabad, Pakistan.

Fariduddin Ganjshakar

Farīd al-Dīn Masʿūd Ganj-i-Shakar (c. 4 April 1179 – 7 May 1266) was a 12th-century Punjabi Sunni Muslim preacher and mystic. who went on to become "one of the most revered and distinguished ... Muslim mystics" of the medieval period. He is known reverentially as Bābā Farīd or Shaikh Farīd by Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus of the Punjab Region, or simply as Farīduddīn Ganjshakar.

Heotjesatbap

Heotjesatbap (Korean: 헛제삿밥, also spelled heotjesabap), a traditional Korean dish, is a variety of bibimbap, served with soy sauce (ganjang) instead of the gochujang (hot pepper paste) that is more commonly used. Heotjesabap consists of mainly several types of namul (young sprouted vegetables) over white rice. It is also served with grilled fish and some jeon (Korean pancake).

The term Heotjesa bap literally means "mock jesa meal", with jesa being Korean death anniversary ceremonies, during which the living relatives of the deceased prepare and offer a variety of dishes to the spirits of their departed ancestors and relatives. In most modern jesa, the feast is offered to the ancestors through a ceremony involving different family members placing dishes of food on the table and pouring rice wine into cups, as gracious hosts would do for their guests. After the food and drink is set out in a specific order, the family members leave the room to give the spirits time to enjoy it. After a few minutes, the eldest male relative clears his throat to signal to the spirits that they are going to come back in, and the family then takes the food into a separate room and all eat and drink the offerings together, connecting them with the deceased after having paid them respect.The dish originated in Andong, Gyeongsangbuk-do, a famous place where scholars, called seonbi, lived and studied during the Joseon Dynasty. It is said that as there was insufficient foods during the period, some seonbi scholars of the yangban class living in the region prepared ceremonial foods for fake jesa and enjoyed the dishes as well as commoners did. These dishes were considered "fake" because they were consumed rather than used in a jesa ceremony, which during the time would be covered with incense ash and rendered inedible. It was commonly eaten as a late-night snack by studying scholars.

Hùng Kings' Festival

The Hùng Kings' Temple Festival (Vietnamese: Giỗ Tổ Hùng Vương or lễ hội đền Hùng) is a Vietnamese festival held annually from the 8th to the 11th day of the third lunar month in honour of the Hùng Vương or Hùng Kings. The main festival day, which is a public holiday in Vietnam since 2007, is on the 10th day.Although the official name is the Death Anniversary of the Hung Kings (Vietnamese: Giỗ Tổ Hùng Vương), the festival does not mark any specific date of death for any Hung King.

Jyoti Prasad Agarwala

Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (17 June 1903 – 17 January 1951) was a noted Assamese playwright, songwriter, poet, writer and film maker from Assam. He was considered as Assamese cultural icon, deeply revered for his creative vision and output and is popularly called the Rupkonwar of Assamese culture. In fact, he is regarded as the founder of Assamese cinema for Joymati (1935). His death anniversary (17 January) is observed as Silpi divas (Artists' Day) in his honor.

Kalas, Karnataka

Kalas is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Kundgol taluk of Dharwad district in Karnataka. This is the native place of Guru Govindabhatta, who is the guru of Santha Shishunal Sharif. Today we can find Samadhi of Guru Govindabhatta here. His aradhana (death anniversary) takes place every year during summer.

It belongs to Belgaum Division . It is located 67 km towards East from District headquarters Dharwada. 28 km from Kundgol. 390 km from State capital Bangalore

Kalas Pin code is 581107 and postal head office is Gudgeri .

Kalas is surrounded by Shiggaon Taluk towards west, Kundgol Taluk towards North, Shirahatti Taluk towards East, Haveri Taluk towards South .

Lakshmeshwar, Savanur, Shiggaon, Hubli are the nearby Cities to Kalas.

Keramat Habib Noh

Masjid Haji Muhammad Salleh & Makam Habib Noh (Jawi: مسجد حاج محمد صالح دان مقام حبيب نوه; Malay for Haji Muhammad Salleh Mosque & Maqam of Habib Noh) is a mosque and Muslim mausoleum respectively in Singapore located at top of Mount Palmer. Today the mausoleum and its adjacent mosque are under the purview of Majlis Ugama Islam Singapura. The mosque is not to be confused for another mosque with a similar name along Geylang Road.

List of commemorative coins of Germany

This is a list of commemorative coins issued by the Federal Republic of Germany. For regular coins, see Deutsche Mark and German euro coins. Those prior to 2002 were denominated in Deutsche Marks; subsequent ones have been denominated in euros.

Maddahi

Maddahi is a ceremonial singing or eulogy recitation especially for Shia Muslims. The word Maddahi means "to praise" in Arabic. One who sings this style is called a maddah. Maddahs mostly sing on Ahl al-Bayt's birth and death anniversary. The theme of Maddahi may be joyous or sorrowful. Most maddahs are men but some women perform in exclusively female gatherings. The majority of maddahis are sung in mourning of Ahl al-Bayt, particularly at the Mourning of Muharram in the beginning of Muharram until the Day of Ashura and Arba'een.

Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattvi

Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattvi (1692- 1761) (Sindhi: مخدوم محمد هاشم ٺٺوي‎, Urdu: مخدوم محمد ہاشم ٹھٹھوی‎) was an islamic scholar, author, philanthropist, and a spiritual leader who was considered a saint by his followers. He was the first ever translator of the Quran in Sindhi language.

Massoud Nawabi

Massoud Nawabi (1954–2010; Persian: مسعود نوابی-; alternative spellings: Masood Nawabi) also known as Ustad Nawabi, was an Afghan poet, writer, Director as well as a cultural personality, founder of Educational Committee for Afghan Refugees (ECAR), Afghan Cultural Center, Ghulam Habib Nawabi, Chief Administrator of the Afghan Ibn-e-Sina University and Principle of Ariana Mahajir High School. Massoud Nawabi was the Son of Ghulam Habib Nawabi, who was the last of the great Persian Poet and among the first to introduce modern Dari poetry to Afghanistan.

Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini

The Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini (Persian: آرامگاه روح الله خمینی), also referred to as the holy shrine (حرم مطهر), houses the tombs of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, his wife Khadijeh Saqafi, and his second son Ahmad Khomeini; and some political figures, such as former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, former Vice President Hassan Habibi, Lieutenant General Ali Sayad Shirazi, Iranian Revolution figure Sadeq Tabatabaei, and MP Marzieh Hadidchi. The mausoleum is located to the south of Tehran in the Behesht-e Zahra (Paradise of Zahra) cemetery. Construction commenced in 1989 following Khomeini's death on June 3 of that year. It is still under construction, but when completed will be the centerpiece in a complex spread over 20 square kilometres (4,900 acres), housing a cultural and tourist center, a university for Islamic studies, a seminary, a shopping mall, and a 20,000-car parking lot. The Iranian government has reportedly devoted 2 billion US dollars to this development.The site is a place of pilgrimage for followers of Khomeini. It is used symbolically by government figures, and is on occasion visited by foreign dignitaries. Every year, Khomeini's death anniversary is marked on 4 June at the mausoleum in a ceremony that is attended by governmental officials, foreign ambassadors, and others. Khomeini's grandson Ayatollah Seyyed Hassan Khomeini is in charge of caring for the mausoleum. The Haram-e Motahhar Metro Station is the closest metro station to the mausoleum.

Muttathu Varkey Award

Muttathu Varkey Award for contributions to the field of Malayalam literature is instituted by the Muttattu Varkey Foundation in memory of novelist Muttathu Varkey. The award was instituted in 1992 and as of 2012, it carries a purse of ₹50000, a citation, and a statuette. The awards are usually announced on 28 April (the birth anniversary of Varkey) and presented on 28 May (the death anniversary of Varkey) every year.

The award was instituted as a recognition of the writer's (particularly novelists) body of work rather than any one title. In 2015, K. Satchidanandan became the first poet to be selected for the award. The year 2015 was the 75th anniversary of Muttathu Varkey’s debut into Malayalam literature with a poem titled ‘‘Aathmanjali’’ and so it was decided to have the award be given to poetry. In 2016 and 2017, the award was given for screenplay writing and notably in recognition for a particular work unlike previous years.

Public holidays in Pakistan

Pakistan holidays are celebrated according to the Islamic or Gregorian calendars for religious and civil purposes, respectively. Religious festivals like Eid are celebrated according to the Islamic calendar whereas other national holidays like international labour day, Pakistan day, and Quaid-i-Azam Day are celebrated according to the Gregorian calendar.

Samin Baghtcheban

Samin Baghtcheban (Persian: ثمین باغچه‌بان‎, Turkish: Samin Bahçeban) (variations: Baghcheban, Baqcheban, Bahceban) (1925 – 19 March 2008) was an Iranian composer, author and translator.

Urs

Urs (from Arabic: عرس‎ ‘Urs) or Urus, is the death anniversary of a Sufi saint in South Asia, usually held at the saint's dargah (shrine or tomb). In most Sufi orders such as Naqshbandiyyah, Suhrawardiyya, Chishtiyya, Qadiriyya, Bukhari etc. the concept of Urs exists and is celebrated with enthusiasm. The devotees refer to their saints as lovers of God, the beloved.

Urs rituals are generally performed by the custodians of the shrine or the existing Shaikh of the silsila. The celebration of Urs ranges from Hamd to Naat and in many cases includes the singing of religious music such as qawwali. The celebration also features food samples, bazaar, and various kinds of shops.

The Urs of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti at Dargah Sharif in Ajmer attracts more than 400,000 devotees each year and is regarded as one of the most famous urs festivals around the world.

Vayalar Award

The Vayalar Award is given for the best literary work in Malayalam. The award was instituted in 1977 by the Vayalar Ramavarma Memorial Trust in memory of the poet and lyricist Vayalar Ramavarma (1928-1975). A sum of ₹25,000, a silver plate and certificate constitutes the award originally. Now it is raised to a sum of ₹1,00,000. It is presented each year on October 27, the death anniversary of Vayalar Ramavarma.

Śrāddha

Śrāddha or Shraaddha (Sanskrit: श्राद्ध) is a Sanskrit word which literally means anything or any act that is performed with all sincerity and faith (Śraddhā). In the Hindu religion, it is the ritual that one performs to pay homage to one's 'ancestors' (Sanskrit: Pitṛs), especially to one's dead parents. Conceptually, it is a way for people to express heartfelt gratitude and thanks towards their parents and ancestors, for having helped them to be what they are and praying for their peace. It also can be thought of as a "day of remembrance". It is performed for both the father and mother separately, on the days they became deceased. It is performed on the death anniversary or collectively during the Pitru Paksha or Shraaddha paksha (Fortnight of ancestors), right before Sharad Navaratri in autumn.

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