Deanna Durbin

Edna Mae Durbin (December 4, 1921 – April 17, 2013)[1], known professionally as Deanna Durbin, was a Canadian-born actress and singer, later settled in France, who appeared in musical films in the 1930s and 1940s. With the technical skill and vocal range of a legitimate lyric soprano, she performed many styles from popular standards to operatic arias.

Durbin made her first film appearance with Judy Garland in Every Sunday (1936), and subsequently signed a contract with Universal Studios. Her success as the ideal teenaged daughter in films such as Three Smart Girls (1936) was credited with saving the studio from bankruptcy.[2] In 1938, at the age of 17, Durbin was awarded the Academy Juvenile Award.

As she matured, Durbin grew dissatisfied with the girl-next-door roles assigned to her, and attempted to portray a more womanly and sophisticated style. The film noir Christmas Holiday (1944) and the whodunit Lady on a Train (1945) were, however, not as well received as her musical comedies and romances had been. Durbin retired from acting and singing in 1949, and withdrew from public life, granting no interviews for the remainder of her life, except for one in 1983. She married film producer-director Charles Henri David in 1950, and the couple moved to a farmhouse near Paris.

Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin in Yank Magazine
Deanna Durbin on the cover of Yank, in January 1945
Born
Edna Mae Durbin

December 4, 1921
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
DiedApril 17, 2013 (aged 91)[1]
OccupationActress/singer
Years active1936–1948
Spouse(s)Vaughn Paul (m. 1941; div. 1943)
Felix Jackson (m. 1945; div. 1949)
Charles Henri David (m. 1950; d. 1999)
Children2

Early life

Edna Mae Durbin was born on December 4, 1921, at Grace Hospital in Winnipeg, Manitoba, the younger daughter of James Allen Durbin (1885–1976) and his wife Ada (née Read) Durbin (1885–1972), who were originally from Chester, England. When she was an infant, her family moved from Winnipeg to Southern California, and her parents became United States citizens in 1923, which would have conferred United States citizenship via Jus sanguinis to her and her elder sister, Edith, later Mrs. Heckman (born 1909, England – died 2010), although it is unclear if she or her sister ever elected to claim U.S. citizenship. At the age of one, Edna Mae was singing children's songs. By the time she was 10, her parents recognized that she had definite talent and enrolled her in voice lessons at the Ralph Thomas Academy.[3] Durbin soon became Thomas's prize pupil, and he showcased her talent at various local clubs and churches.[3]

In early 1935, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was planning a biographical film on the life of opera star Ernestine Schumann-Heink and was having difficulty finding an actress to play the young opera singer. MGM casting director Rufus LeMaire heard about a talented young soloist performing with the Ralph Thomas Academy and called her in for an audition. Durbin sang "Il Bacio" for the studio's vocal coach, who was stunned by her "mature soprano" voice. She sang the number again for Louis B. Mayer, who signed her to a six-month contract.[3]

Career

Durbin made her first film appearance in the short Every Sunday (1936) with a young Judy Garland. The film would highlight the pairs' talent, as studio executives had questioned the wisdom of casting two female singers together. Louis B. Mayer decided to keep both girls, but by the time that decision was made, Durbin's contract option had lapsed.[2]

Durbin signed a contract with Universal Studios, where she was given the professional name Deanna. She was 14 years old when she made her first feature-length film, Three Smart Girls (1936). When producer Joe Pasternak cast the film, he wanted to borrow Garland from MGM, but Garland was not available at the time. When Pasternak learned that Durbin was no longer with MGM, he cast her in the film instead. Three Smart Girls was a success and established Durbin as a star. With Pasternak producing for Universal, Durbin went on to star in a string of successful musical films, including One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937),[4] Mad About Music (1938), That Certain Age (1938), Three Smart Girls Grow Up (1939), and First Love (1939)—most of which were directed by Henry Koster.[5]

During the 1930s, Durbin continued to pursue singing projects. In 1936, she auditioned to provide the vocals for Snow White in Disney's animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, but was rejected by Walt Disney, who said the 15-year-old Durbin's voice was "too old" for the part.[6]

In late 1936, Cesar Sturani, the general music secretary of the Metropolitan Opera, offered Durbin an audition. She turned down his request because she felt she needed more singing lessons. Andrés de Segurola, who was the vocal coach working with Universal Studios—himself a former Metropolitan Opera singer—believed that Durbin was a potential opera star. De Segurola was commissioned to advise the Metropolitan Opera on her progress. Also in 1936, Durbin started a radio collaboration with Eddie Cantor which lasted until 1938, when her heavy workload for Universal forced her to quit her weekly appearances.[7]

The success of Durbin's films was reported to have saved Universal from bankruptcy.[2] In 1938, she received an Academy Juvenile Award with Mickey Rooney. Her producer, Joe Pasternak, said:

Deanna's genius had to be unfolded, but it was hers and hers alone, always has been, always will be, and no one can take credit for discovering her. You can't hide that kind of light under a bushel. You just can't, no matter how hard you try!

In the early 1940s, Durbin continued her success with It's a Date (1940), Spring Parade (1940), Nice Girl? (1941), and It Started with Eve (1941), her last film with Pasternak and director Henry Koster. After Pasternak moved from Universal to MGM, Durbin was suspended between October 16, 1941 and early February 1942 for refusing to appear in They Lived Alone, which was scheduled to be directed by Koster. The project was canceled when Durbin and Universal settled their differences. In the agreement, Universal conceded to Durbin the approval of her directors, stories, and songs.[8]

Following the two sequels to her first film Three Smart Girls, Durbin issued a press release announcing that she was no longer inclined to participate in these team efforts and was now performing as a solo artist. The Three Smart Girls Join Up title was changed to Hers to Hold (1943). Joseph Cotten, who played alongside Durbin in the film, praised her integrity and character in his autobiography.[9]

In 1943, Durbin took on a more sophisticated role in the World War II story of refugee children from China, The Amazing Mrs. Holliday. Additional adult roles followed, including the film noir Christmas Holiday (1944), directed by Robert Siodmak, and the whodunit Lady on a Train (1945).

While these adult dramatic roles may have been more satisfying for Durbin, her fans preferred her in light musical confections such as Can't Help Singing (1944), her only Technicolor film, which featured some of the last melodies written by Jerome Kern plus lyrics by E. Y. Harburg. A musical comedy in a Western setting, this production was filmed mostly on location in southern Utah and co-starred Robert Paige.[10]

For the Love of Mary (1948) 1
Deanna Durbin and cinematographer William H. Daniels on the set of For the Love of Mary (1948)

In 1946, Universal merged with two other companies to create Universal-International. The new regime discontinued much of Universal's familiar product and scheduled only a few musicals. She stayed on for another four pictures: I'll Be Yours (1947), Something in the Wind (1947), Up in Central Park (1948), and For the Love of Mary (1948).

In 1946, Durbin was the second-highest paid woman in the United States, just behind Bette Davis,[5] and in 1947, she was the top-salaried woman in the United States. Her fan club ranked as the world's largest during her active years.[11]

By 1948, however, her box-office clout began to diminish. In private life, Durbin continued to use her given name, Edna; salary figures printed annually by the Hollywood trade publications listed the actress as "Edna Mae Durbin, player". On August 22, 1948, two months after completing her final film, Universal-International announced a lawsuit which sought to collect from Durbin $87,083 in wages the studio had paid her in advance.[12] Durbin settled the complaint by agreeing to star in three more pictures, including one in Paris. The studio allowed Deanna's contract to expire on August 31, 1949, so the three films were never made.

Durbin, who obtained a $200,000 ($2,100,000 in 2018),[13] severance payment[14] chose to retire from movies. Her former producer Joe Pasternak tried to dissuade her, but she told him: "I can't run around being a Little Miss Fix-It who bursts into song—the highest-paid star with the poorest material."[15]

Personal life

Durbin married an assistant director, Vaughn Paul, in 1941; the couple divorced in 1943. Her second marriage, to film writer-producer-actor Felix Jackson in 1945, produced a daughter, Jessica Louise Jackson, but a divorce followed in 1949.

In Paris on December 21, 1950, shortly after her 29th birthday, Durbin married Charles David, the producer-director of both French and American pictures who had guided her through Lady on a Train. Durbin and David raised two children: Jessica (from her second marriage to Jackson) and Peter (from her union with David).

Over the years, Durbin resisted numerous offers to perform again. In 1951, she was invited to play in London's West End production of Kiss Me Kate, and in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film version of the same in 1953, and Sigmund Romberg's operetta The Student Prince in 1954.

In 1983, film historian David Shipman was granted a rare interview by Durbin. In the interview, she steadfastly asserted her right to privacy and maintained it until the end of her life, declining to be profiled on websites.[16]

Durbin made it known that she did not like the Hollywood studio system. She emphasized that she never identified herself with the public image that the media created around her. She spoke of the Deanna "persona" in the third person, and considered the film character "Deanna Durbin" to be a byproduct of her youth and not her true identity.[17]

Durbin's husband of almost half a century, Charles David, died in Paris on March 1, 1999. On April 30, 2013, a newsletter published by the Deanna Durbin Society reported that Durbin had died "in the past few days", quoting her son, Peter H. David, who thanked her admirers for respecting her privacy. No other details were given.[5] According to the Social Security Death Index (under the name Edna M. David), she died on April 17, 2013[1][18] in Neauphle-le-Château, France.[19][20]

Legacy

  • Deanna Durbin has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1722 Vine Street. She left her hand and footprints in front of the Grauman's Chinese Theatre on February 7, 1938.
  • Frank Tashlin's Warner Bros. cartoon The Woods Are Full of Cuckoos (1937) contains an avian caricature of Deanna Durbin called "Deanna Terrapin".
  • An unnamed caricature of Durbin also appeared in the Warner Brother's cartoon "Malibu Beach Party" (1940).
  • Deanna Durbin's singing is featured in Alistair Maclean's 1955 novel HMS Ulysses, being broadcast over the wartime ship's internal communication system.
  • Durbin's name found its way into the introduction to a song written by satirical writer Tom Lehrer in 1965. Prior to singing "Whatever Became of Hubert?", Lehrer said that Vice President Hubert Humphrey had been relegated to "those where-are-they-now columns: Whatever became of Deanna Durbin, and Hubert Humphrey, and so on."
  • She is referenced in Richard Brautigan's novel Trout Fishing in America (1967), when the narrator claims to have seen one of her movies seven times, but cannot recall which one.[21]
  • Durbin figures prominently in the 1963 Ray Bradbury short story "The Anthem Sprinters" (collected in The Machineries of Joy).
  • In Philippe Mora's 1983 cult film The Return of Captain Invincible, Christopher Lee sings a song called "Name Your Poison," written by Richard O'Brien and Richard Hartley, which has the line, "Think of young Deanna Durbin / And how she sang on rum and bourbon."
  • Russian cellist/conductor Mstislav Rostropovich in a mid-1980s interview cited Durbin as one of his most important musical influences, stating: "She helped me in my discovery of myself. You have no idea of the smelly old movie houses I patronized to see Deanna Durbin. I tried to create the very best in my music, to try to recreate, to approach her purity."[22]
  • Indian-Bengali film director Satyajit Ray, in his acceptance speech for an Oscar (Honorary – Lifetime Achievement) in 1992, mentioned Deanna Durbin as the only one of the three cinema personalities he recalled writing to when young who had acknowledged his fan letter with a reply. (The other two were Ginger Rogers and Billy Wilder.)
  • Durbin was well known in Winnipeg, Manitoba (her place of birth), as "Winnipeg's Golden Girl" (a reference to one of the city's most famous landmarks, the statue Golden Boy atop the Manitoba Legislative Building).
  • A short mention in a horse-racing episode of Mama's Family.

Filmography

Short subjects
Year Title Role Notes
1936 Every Sunday Edna Co-starring Judy Garland
1939 For Auld Lang Syne: No. 4 Herself
1941 A Friend Indeed Herself For the American Red Cross
1943 Show Business at War Herself
1944 Road to Victory Herself A promotional film to support war bonds; also known as The Shining Future
Feature films
Year Title Role Notes
1936 Three Smart Girls Penelope "Penny" Craig
1937 One Hundred Men and a Girl Patricia "Patsy" Cardwell
1938 Mad About Music Gloria Harkinson
That Certain Age Alice Fullerton
1939 Three Smart Girls Grow Up Penelope "Penny" Craig
First Love Constance "Connie" Harding
1940 It's a Date Pamela Drake A short subject, Gems of Song, was excerpted from this feature in 1949.
Spring Parade Ilonka Tolnay
1941 Nice Girl? Jane "Pinky" Dana
It Started with Eve Anne Terry
1943 The Amazing Mrs. Holliday Ruth Kirke Holliday
Hers to Hold Penelope "Penny" Craig
His Butler's Sister Ann Carter
1944 Christmas Holiday Jackie Lamont / Abigail Martin
Can't Help Singing Caroline Frost Durbin's only film in Technicolor
1945 Lady on a Train Nikki Collins / Margo Martin
1946 Because of Him Kim Walker
1947 I'll Be Yours Louise Ginglebusher
Something in the Wind Mary Collins
1948 Up in Central Park Rosie Moore
For the Love of Mary Mary Peppertree

Discography

Between December 15, 1936 and July 22, 1947, Deanna Durbin recorded 50 tunes for Decca Records. While often re-creating her movie songs for commercial release, Durbin also covered independent standards, like "Kiss Me Again", "My Hero", "Annie Laurie", "Poor Butterfly", "Love's Old Sweet Song" and "God Bless America".

  • "Alice Blue Gown"
  • "Alleluia" (from 100 Men and a Girl)
  • "Always" (from Christmas Holiday)
  • "Adeste Fideles"
  • "Amapola" (from First Love)
  • "Annie Laurie"
  • "Any Moment Now" (from Can't Help Singing)
  • "Ave Maria" (from Mad About Music)
  • "Ave Maria" (from It's a Date)
  • "Be a Good Scout" (from That Certain Age)
  • "Because" (from Three Smart Girls Grow Up)
  • "Begin the Beguine" (from Hers to Hold)
  • "Beneath the Lights of Home" (from Nice Girl)
  • "The Blue Danube" (from Spring Parade)
  • "Brahms' Lullaby" (from I'll Be Yours)
  • "Brindisi" ("Libiamo ne' lieti calici)" (from 100 Men and a Girl)
  • "Californ-I-Ay"
  • "Can't Help Singing" (from Can't Help Singing)
  • "Carmena Waltz"
  • "Chapel Bells" (from Mad About Music)
  • "Cielito Lindo" ("Beautiful Heaven)"
  • "Ciribiribin"
  • "Clavelitos" (from It Started with Eve)
  • "Danny Boy" (from Because of Him)
  • "Embraceable You"
  • "Every Sunday" (with Judy Garland)
  • "Filles de Cadiz" ("The Maids of Cadiz") (from That Certain Age)
  • "Gimme a Little Kiss, Will Ya, Huh?" (from Lady on a Train)
  • "God Bless America"
  • "Goin' Home" (from It Started With Eve)
  • "Goodbye" (from Because of Him)
  • "Granada" (from I'll Be Yours)
  • "A Heart That's Free" (from 100 Men and a Girl)
  • "Home! Sweet Home!" (from First Love)
  • "Il Bacio" ("The Kiss") (from Three Smart Girls)
  • "I'll Follow My Sweet Heart"
  • "I'll Take You Home Again Kathleen" (from For the Love of Mary)
  • "I'll See You In My Dreams"
  • "I Love to Whistle" (from Mad About Music)
  • "(I'm) Happy Go Lucky and Free" (from Something in the Wind)
  • "(I'm) Happy Go Lucky and Free" (from Something in the Wind)
  • "In the Spirit of the Moment" (from His Butler's Sister)
  • "Italian Street Song"
  • "It's a Big, Wide, Wonderful World" (from For the Love Of Mary)
  • "It's Dreamtime" (from I'll Be Yours)
  • "It's Foolish But It's Fun" (from Spring Parade)
  • "It's Only Love" (from Something In The Wind)
  • "It's Raining Sunbeams" (from 100 Men and a Girl)
  • "Invitation to the Dance" (from Three Smart Girls Grow Up)
  • "Je Veux Vivre" ( Roméo et Juliette) (from That Certain Age)
  • "Kiss Me Again"
  • "La Estrellita" ("Little Star)"
  • "Largo Al Factotum" (The Barber of Seville) (from For the Love of Mary)
  • "The Last Rose of Summer" (from Three Smart Girls Grow Up)
  • "Loch Lomond" (from It's a Date)
  • "Love at Last" (from Nice Girl)
  • "Love is All" (from It's a Date)
  • "Lover" (from Because of Him)
  • "Love's Old Sweet Song"
  • "Make Believe"
  • "Mighty Like a Rose" (from "The Amazing Mrs. Halliday")
  • "Molly Malone"
  • "More and More" (from Can't Help Singing)
  • "More and More/Can't Help Singing" (from Can`t Help Singing)
  • "Musetta's Waltz" (La bohème) (from It's a Date)
  • "My Heart is Singing" (from Three Smart Girls Grow Up)
  • "My Hero"
  • "My Own" (from That Certain Age)
  • "Nessun Dorma" (Turandot) (from His Butler's Sister)
  • "Never in a Million Years/ Make Believe"
  • "Night and Day" (from Lady on a Train)
  • "O Come All Ye Faithful"
  • "Old Folks at Home" (from Nice Girl)
  • "The Old Refrain" (from The Amazing Mrs. Holiday)
  • "On Moonlight Bay" (from For The Love Of Mary)
  • "One Fine Day" (Madama Butterfly) (from First Love)
  • "One Night of Love"
  • "Pace, Pace, Mio Dio" (La forza del destino) (from Up In Central Park)
  • "Pale Hands I Loved" (Kashmiri Song) (from Hers to Hold)
  • "Perhaps" (from Nice Girl)
  • "Poor Butterfly"
  • "The Prince"
  • "Russian Medley" (from His Butler's Sister)
  • "Sari Waltz (Love's Own Sweet Song)" (from I'll Be Yours)
  • "Say a Pray'r for the Boys Over There" (from Hers to Hold)
  • "Seal It With a Kiss"
  • "Seguidilla (Carmen) (from Hers to Hold)
  • "Serenade to the Stars" (from Mad About Music)
  • "Silent Night" (from Lady on a Train)
  • "Someone to Care for Me" (from Three Smart Girls)
  • "Something in the Wind" (from Something in the Wind)
  • "Spring in My Heart" (from First Love)
  • "Spring Will Be a Little Late This Year" (from Christmas Holiday)
  • "Swanee – Old Folks at Home" (from Nice Girl)
  • "Summertime" (Porgy And Bess)
  • "Sweetheart"
  • "Thank You America" (from Nice Girl)
  • "There'll Always Be An England" (from Nice Girl)
  • "The Turntable Song" (from Something in the Wind)
  • "Two Guitars" (from His Butler's Sister)
  • "Two Hearts"
  • "Un bel di vedremo" (Madama Butterfly) (from First Love)
  • "Viennese Waltz" (from For The Love Of Mary)
  • "Vissi d'arte (Tosca) (from The Amazing Mrs. Holiday)
  • "Waltzing in the Clouds" (from Spring Parade)
  • "When April Sings" (from Spring Parade)
  • "When I Sing" (from It Started with Eve)
  • "When the Roses Bloom Again"
  • "When You're Away" (from His Butler's Sister)
  • "You Wanna Keep Your Baby Looking Nice, Don't You" (from Something in the Wind)
  • "You're as Pretty as a Picture" (from That Certain Age)

Radio appearances

1943 Screen Guild Theatre Shadow Of A Doubt Ref.
1938 Lux Radio Theatre Mad About Music [23]
1943 The Jack Benny Program
1948 Screen Guild Players Up in Central Park [24]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Date of death of Edna David per Social Security Death Index, search.ancestrylibrary.com; accessed April 11, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Clarke, Gerald (2001). Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. New York: Random House. p. 76. ISBN 978-0385335157.
  3. ^ a b c Basinger, Jeanine (2007). The Star Machine. New York: Knopf. pp. 258–59. ISBN 978-1400041305.
  4. ^ In the film, Jane Barlow, ballerina and a student of Nijinska, was a body double for Durbin. Yoshida, Yukihiko," Jane Barlow and Witaly Osins, ballet teachers who worked in postwar Japan, and their students, Pan-Asian Journal of Sports & Physical Education, Vol.3(Sep), 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Harmetz, Aljean (May 1, 2013). "Deanna Durbin, Plucky Movie Star of the Depression Era, Is Dead at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  6. ^ Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Media notes). Walt Disney. Walt Disney Studios. 2008 [1937].
  7. ^ Interview with David Shipman, 1983.
  8. ^ Brady, Thomas F. "Some Hollywood Highlights", New York Times, February 8, 1942.
  9. ^ Cotten, Joseph: Vanity Will Get You Somewhere: An Autobiography by Joseph Cotten (Avon Books (Mm) July 1988); ISBN 978-0-380-70534-4
  10. ^ Bob Dorian, American Movie Classics; accessed March 28, 2014.
  11. ^ Dagan, Carmel (April 30, 2013). "Singer-Actress Deanna Durbin Dead at 91". Variety. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  12. ^ "Deanna Durbin sues studio". The New York Times. August 23, 1948.
  13. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  14. ^ Brady, Thomas F. (June 19, 1949). "Hollywood Digest". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Freedland, Michael (May 1, 2013). "Deanna Durbin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  16. ^ "NOSTALGIA: Deanna Durbin" Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, San Francisco Chronicle, webprime.de; accessed April 19, 2016.
  17. ^ Private letter to film historian/critic William K. Everson in the late 1970s
  18. ^ "DAVID, EDGARDO N thru DAVID, EDUARDO". sortedbyname.com.
  19. ^ "Deanna Durbin, child star from Hollywood's golden age, dies", Entertainment Weekly, Entertainment Weekly Inc., May 2, 2013, retrieved May 4, 2013
  20. ^ Luther, Claudia (May 2, 2013), "Deanna Durbin dies at 91; wholesome star of Depression-era films", Los Angeles Times, Tribune Company, retrieved May 4, 2013
  21. ^ "Richard Brautigan - "Part 9 of Trout Fishing in America" - poetry archive - plagiarist.com". plagiarist.com.
  22. ^ Darling, Lynn (1983). "The Song of Slava". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  23. ^ Internet Archive, Old Time Radio, "Lux Radio Theater"1938 #8
  24. ^ "Those Were The Days". Nostalgia Digest. 40 (1): 32–39. Winter 2014.

External links

Because of Him

Because of Him is a 1946 American romantic comedy film starring Deanna Durbin, Charles Laughton and Franchot Tone.

Can't Help Singing

Can't Help Singing is a 1944 American musical Western film directed by Frank Ryan and starring Deanna Durbin, Robert Paige, and Akim Tamiroff. Based on a story by John D. Klorer and Leo Townsend, the film is about a senator's daughter who follows her boyfriend West in the days of the California gold rush. Durbin's only Technicolor film, Can't Help Singing was produced by Felix Jackson and scored by Jerome Kern with lyrics by E. Y. Harburg.The movie was one of the most expensive in Universal's history.

Christmas Holiday

Christmas Holiday is a 1944 film noir crime film directed by Robert Siodmak starring Deanna Durbin and Gene Kelly. Based on the 1939 novel of the same name by W. Somerset Maugham, the film is about a woman who marries a Southern aristocrat who inherited his family's streak of violence and instability and soon drags the woman into a life of misery. After he is arrested, the woman runs away from her husband's family, changes her name, and finds work as a singer in a New Orleans dive. The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Musical Score for Hans J. Salter.

Every Sunday

Every Sunday (sometimes incorrectly listed as Every Sunday Afternoon or Opera vs. Jazz) is a 1936 American short musical film. It tells the story of two adolescent girls and their efforts to save a public concert series, which was being threatened by poor attendance.

Directed by Felix E. Feist, the film served as a screen test for, and is the first significant screen appearance of, two young actresses who later became major stars, Judy Garland and Deanna Durbin. Although only lightly reviewed at the time of its release, the film has garnered a generally positive reputation among Garland biographers.

First Love (1939 film)

First Love is a 1939 American musical film directed by Henry Koster and starring Deanna Durbin. Based on the fairy tale Cinderella, the film is about an orphan who is sent to live with her wealthy aunt and uncle after graduating from boarding school. Her life is made difficult by her snobby cousin who arranges that she stay home while the rest of the family attends a major social ball. With the help of her uncle, she makes it to the ball, where she meets and falls in love with her cousin's boyfriend. The film received Academy Award nominations for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, and Best Music.

For the Love of Mary

For the Love of Mary is a 1948 American romantic comedy film directed by Frederick de Cordova and starring Deanna Durbin, Edmond O'Brien, Don Taylor, and Jeffrey Lynn. Written by Oscar Brodney, the film is about a young woman who takes a job at the White House as a switchboard operator and soon receives help with her love life from Supreme Court justices and the President of the United States. For the Love of Mary was the last film by Deanna Durbin, who withdrew from the entertainment business the following year to live a private life in France.

Hers to Hold

Hers to Hold is a 1943 American romantic musical comedy film and is the third film in the unofficial Three Smart Girls trilogy. Deanna Durbin reprises her role as Penny Craig, who is the only sister remaining at home.

His Butler's Sister

His Butler's Sister is a 1943 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Borzage and starring Deanna Durbin. The supporting cast includes Franchot Tone, Pat O'Brien, Akim Tamiroff, Evelyn Ankers and Hans Conried. The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Sound Recording (Bernard B. Brown).

I'll Be Yours

I'll Be Yours is a 1947 American musical comedy film directed by William A. Seiter and starring Deanna Durbin. Based on the play A jó tündér by Ferenc Molnár, the film is about a small-town girl who tells a fib to a wealthy businessman, which then creates complications. The play had earlier been adapted for the 1935 film The Good Fairy by Preston Sturges.

It's a Date

It's a Date is a 1940 American musical film directed by William A. Seiter and starring Deanna Durbin, Kay Francis, and Walter Pidgeon. Based on a story by Jane Hall, Frederick Kohner, and Ralph Block, the film is about an aspiring actress who is offered the lead in a major new play, but discovers that her mother, a more experienced actress, was hoping to get the same part. Their lives are complicated further when they both get involved with the same man. Distributed by Universal Pictures, It's a Date was remade in 1950 as Nancy Goes to Rio.

It Started with Eve

It Started with Eve is a 1941 American musical romantic comedy film directed by Henry Koster and starring Deanna Durbin, Robert Cummings, and Charles Laughton. The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Music Score (Charles Previn and Hans J. Salter). The film is considered by some critics to be Durbin's best film, and the last in which she worked with the producer (Joe Pasternak) and director (Henry Koster) that groomed her for stardom. It Started with Eve was remade in 1964 as I'd Rather Be Rich.

Mad About Music

Mad About Music is a 1938 American musical film directed by Norman Taurog and starring Deanna Durbin, Herbert Marshall, and Gail Patrick. Based on a story by Marcella Burke and Frederick Kohner, the film is about a girl at an exclusive boarding school who invents an exciting father. When her schoolmates doubt his existence, she has to produce him. Mad About Music received Academy Award nominations for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Music, and Best Original Story.

Nice Girl?

Nice Girl? is a 1941 American musical film directed by William A. Seiter and starring Deanna Durbin, Franchot Tone, Walter Brennan, Robert Stack, and Robert Benchley. Based on the play Nice Girl? by Phyllis Duganne, the film is about a young girl who finds herself attracted to one of her father's business partners who comes to town to give her father a scholarship for his dietary studies.

One Hundred Men and a Girl

One Hundred Men and a Girl is a 1937 American musical comedy film directed by Henry Koster and starring Deanna Durbin. Written by Charles Kenyon, Bruce Manning, and James Mulhauser from a story by Hanns Kräly, the film is about the daughter of a struggling musician who forms a symphony orchestra consisting of his unemployed friends. Through persistence, charm, and a few misunderstandings, they are able to get famed conductor Leopold Stokowski to lead them in a concert, which leads to a radio contract. One Hundred Men and a Girl was the first of two motion pictures featuring Leopold Stokowski, and is also one of the films for which Durbin is best remembered as an actress and a singer.

Something in the Wind

Something in the Wind is a 1947 American musical comedy film directed by Irving Pichel and starring Deanna Durbin, Donald O'Connor, and John Dall. Based on a story by Fritz Rotter and Charles O'Neal, the film is about the grandson of a recently deceased millionaire who mistakes a beautiful female disc jockey for her aunt, who once dated his grandfather. It was O'Connor's first film after he returned from military service in World War II. The film includes the famous "I Love a Mystery" number performed by O'Connor.

Spring Parade

Spring Parade is a 1940 American musical comedy film directed by Henry Koster and starring Deanna Durbin. It is a remake of the 1934 film Spring Parade. Producer Joe Pasternak and screenwriter Ernst Marischka worked on both films.

That Certain Age

That Certain Age is a 1938 American musical film directed by Edward Ludwig and starring Deanna Durbin and Melvyn Douglas. Based on a story by F. Hugh Herbert, the film is about a dashing reporter who returns from covering the Spanish Civil War and is invited to spend time at his publisher's home, where his adolescent daughter develops a crush on him. The family does their best to sway the young girl's feelings away from the reporter, but it is a challenge, as she is at "that certain age". Distributed by Universal Pictures, the film received Academy Award nominations for Best Music and Best Sound Recording.

Three Smart Girls

Three Smart Girls is a 1936 American musical comedy film directed by Henry Koster and starring Barbara Read, Nan Grey, Deanna Durbin, and Ray Milland. The film, Durbin's feature film debut, had a screenplay by Adele Comandini and Austin Parker, and is about three sisters who travel to New York City to prevent their father from remarrying. The three plot to bring their divorced parents back together again.

It began an eight-year era of successful Deanna Durbin musicals and spawned two sequels, Three Smart Girls Grow Up and Hers to Hold.

Three Smart Girls Grow Up

Three Smart Girls Grow Up is a 1939 American musical comedy film directed by Henry Koster, written by Felix Jackson and Bruce Manning, and starring Deanna Durbin, Nan Grey, and Helen Parrish. Durbin and Grey reprise their roles from Three Smart Girls, and Parrish replaces Barbara Read in the role of the middle sister. Durbin would reprise her role once more in Hers to Hold.

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